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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457488/referral-patterns-and-implementation-costs-of-the-partners-in-recovery-initiative-in-gippsland-learnings-for-the-national-disability-insurance-scheme
#1
Anton N Isaacs, Kim Dalziel, Keith Sutton, Darryl Maybery
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper is to provide some learnings for the NDIS from the referral pattern and cost of implementing the Partners in Recovery initiative of Gippsland. METHOD: Information on referral areas made for each consumer was collated from support facilitators. Cost estimates were determined using budget estimates, administrative costs and a literature review and are reported from a government perspective. RESULTS: Sixty-three per cent of all referrals were made to organisations that provided multiple types of services...
February 1, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456074/histone-deacetylases-hdacs-as-therapeutic-target-for-depressive-disorders
#2
REVIEW
Paulina Misztak, Patrycja Pańczyszyn-Trzewik, Magdalena Sowa-Kućma
Major depressive disorder (MDD) represents approximately 40% of the disability caused by mental illnesses globally. The poorly understood pathophysiology and limited efficiency of pharmacological treatment (based primarily on the principles of the monoaminergic hypothesis) make depression a serious medical, public and socio-economical problem. An increasing number of studies suggest that epigenetic modifications (alterations in gene expression that are not due to changes in DNA sequence) in certain brain regions and neural circuits represent a key mechanism through which environmental factors interact with individual's genetic constitution to affect risk of mental disorders...
August 12, 2017: Pharmacological Reports: PR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454344/validation-of-a-core-patient-reported-outcome-measure-set-for-operationalizing-success-in-multimodal-pain-therapy-useful-for-depicting-long-term-success
#3
Carolin Donath, Christa Geiß, Christoph Schön
BACKGROUND: The study aims to validate a previously developed and published combined success criterion for patients after multimodal pain therapy (Donath et al., BMC Health Serv Res 15:272, 2015). The criterion classifies treated patients as successful in the long term on the basis of pain severity, disability through pain, depressiveness, and health-related quality of life. METHODS: Routine longitudinal data of 135 pain patients treated with multimodal pain therapy in 2014-2015 at the Interdisciplinary Pain Center of the University Clinic Erlangen were available at baseline, therapy start, therapy end, and 12 months after treatment...
February 17, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453295/socioeconomic-religious-spiritual-and-health-factors-associated-with-symptoms-of-common-mental-disorders-a-cross-sectional-secondary-analysis-of-data-from-bhutan-s-gross-national-happiness-study-2015
#4
Gyambo Sithey, Mu Li, Li Ming Wen, Patrick J Kelly, Kelly Clarke
OBJECTIVE: Common mental disorders (CMDs) are a major cause of the global burden of disease. Bhutan was the first country in the world to focus on happiness as a state policy; however, little is known about the prevalence and risk factors of CMDs in this setting. We aim to identify socioeconomic, religious, spiritual and health factors associated with symptoms of CMDs. DESIGN AND SETTING: We used data from Bhutan's 2015 Gross National Happiness (GNH) Survey, a multistage, cross-sectional nationwide household survey...
February 16, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453235/a-workforce-survey-on-developmental-behavioral-pediatrics
#5
Carolyn Bridgemohan, Nerissa S Bauer, Britt A Nielsen, Anne DeBattista, Holly S Ruch-Ross, Linda B Paul, Nancy Roizen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Developmental-behavioral conditions are common, affecting ∼15% of US children. The prevalence and complexity of these conditions are increasing despite long wait times and a limited pipeline of new providers. We surveyed a convenience sample of the developmental-behavioral pediatric (DBP) workforce to determine current practices, workforce trends, and future needs. METHODS: An electronic survey was e-mailed to 1568 members of the American Academy of Pediatrics Section on Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics and Council on Children with Disabilities, the Society for Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, and the National Association of Pediatric Nurse Practitioners Developmental and Behavioral Mental Health Special Interest Group...
February 16, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453111/febrile-infection-related-epilepsy-syndrome-fires-therapeutic-complications-long-term-neurological-and-neuroimaging-follow-up
#6
Hsiu-Fen Lee, Ching-Shiang Chi
PURPOSE: To understand the long-term neurological outcomes and chronological changes of brain MRIs in patients with febrile infection-related epilepsy syndrome (FIRES). METHODS: From December 2000 to May 2016, 29 patients diagnosed with FIRES were collected retrospectively. The demographic distribution, clinical manifestations, neuroimaging findings, and treatment methodology were described. Follow-up clinical outcomes and chronological evolution of neuroimaging findings were analyzed...
February 6, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452986/the-psychological-consequences-of-violence-against-people-with-disabilities
#7
Robert S Dembo, Monika Mitra, Michael McKee
BACKGROUND: People with disabilities experience mental health disparities and higher rates of violence compared to people without disabilities. Few studies have examined the psychological consequences of violence against people with disabilities, and whether they differ from those experienced by people without disabilities. OBJECTIVE: This study compared psychological consequences of violence among men and women with and without disabilities. METHODS: We analyzed data from the 2008-2014 waves of the National Crime Victimization Survey...
February 1, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451073/mental-health-problems-among-whistleblowers-a-comparative-study
#8
Peter G van der Velden, Mauro Pecoraro, Mijke S Houwerzijl, Erik van der Meulen
Whistleblowers play a very important and indispensable role in society and health care sector, but their act may elicit retaliation and other negative effects, which may impact their mental health. The main aim of the present comparative study is to assess to what extent whistleblowers ( N = 27) more often suffer from severe mental health problems than other population-based groups in the Netherlands, i.e., matched controls ( N = 135), cancer patients ( N = 130), persons with (partial) work disabilities ( N = 194), physically "healthy" persons ( N = 200), and general population ( N = 1026), using the 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey scales (for general mental health) and the Symptom Checklist-90-Revised scales (for specific mental health problems: depression, anxiety, agoraphobia, interpersonal sensitivity and distrust, and sleeping problems)...
January 1, 2018: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447585/service-seeking-experiences-of-college-aged-sexual-and-intimate-partner-violence-victims-with-a-mental-health-and-or-behavioral-disability
#9
Emily M Nichols, Amy Bonomi, Rebecca Kammes, Elizabeth Miller
OBJECTIVE: To examine mental health service experiences following sexual violence (SV) and intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization among college women with a disability. PARTICIPANTS: College women (n = 27, ages 19 to 24) with a disability who experienced at least one SV/IPV occurrence; interviewed July/August 2016. METHODS: Qualitative study using in-depth interviews, with thematic analysis. RESULTS: Women tended to wait several months (or did not seek care at all) following SV/IPV, because they downplayed their experience (e...
February 15, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446993/pre-icu-cognitive-status-subsequent-disability-and-new-nursing-home-admission-among-critically-ill-older-adults
#10
Lauren E Ferrante, Terrence E Murphy, Evelyne A Gahbauer, Linda S Leo-Summers, Margaret A Pisani, Thomas M Gill
RATIONALE: Cognitive impairment is common among older adults, yet little is known about the association of pre-ICU cognitive status with outcomes relevant to older adults maintaining independence after a critical illness. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether pre-ICU cognitive status is associated with post-ICU disability, new nursing home admission, and mortality following a critical illness among older adults. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, 754 persons aged ≥70 years were followed from March 1998 to December 2013 with monthly assessments of disability...
February 15, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445989/relevance-of-sleep-quality-on-caregiver-burden-in-parkinson-s-disease
#11
Luigi Bartolomei, Andrea Pastore, Lucia Meligrana, Elena Sanson, Nicola Bonetto, Giacomo Maria Minicuci, Sandro Zambito Marsala, Tiziana Mesiano, Lorenzo Bragagnolo, Angelo Antonini
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder which affects the quality of life of patient and their family. Sleep disorders appear in 80-90% of PD patients and have a great impact on the PD well-being. We examined the relationship of patients' sleep quality and depression on burden, mood, quality of life, and quality of sleep of their caregivers. A multicenter, regional (Veneto), observational, cross-sectional study that included 55 patient-caregiver pairs was conducted. Patients were assessed using Parkinson's Disease Sleep Scale (PDSS) and Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) for sleep disorders, Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) as a measure of depression, and Parkinson's Disease Questionnaire (PDQ-39) as a measure of quality of life...
February 14, 2018: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444613/characteristics-and-outcomes-of-patients-with-intellectual-disability-admitted-to-a-specialist-inpatient-rehabilitation-service
#12
J Devapriam, H Fosker, V Chester, S Gangadharan, A Hiremath, R T Alexander
Rehabilitation services for people with mental illnesses have been extensively researched. However, services with similar aims and specifications for patients with intellectual disabilities (IDs) have had little focus. This study describes the characteristics and outcomes of 21 patients admitted to a specialist ID rehabilitation service over an 8-year time frame. Rather that solely accepting 'step-down' referrals, some patients were referred from community settings. During the study, 20 patients were discharged, 80% to lower levels of service restriction, while 14...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439697/trajectories-of-antidepressant-medication-use-in-individuals-before-and-after-being-granted-disability-pension-due-to-common-mental-disorders-a-nationwide-register-based-study
#13
Syed Rahman, Michael Wiberg, Kristina Alexanderson, Jussi Jokinen, Antti Tanskanen, Ellenor Mittendorfer-Rutz
BACKGROUND: Early retirement caused by disability pension (DP) due to common mental disorders (CMDs) is frequent in European countries. Inadequate treatment, e.g., suboptimal antidepressant (AD) medication before DP can be crucial in such DP. This explorative study aimed to disentangle trajectories of AD based on defined daily dose (DDD) before and after granted DP, and to characterize the trajectories by socio-demographics and medical factors. METHODS: All 4642 individuals in Sweden aged 19-64 with incident DP due to CMD in 2009-2010 were included...
February 13, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439585/psychometric-properties-of-questionnaires-and-diagnostic-measures-for-autism-spectrum-disorders-in-adults-a-systematic-review
#14
Sarah Wigham, Jacqui Rodgers, Tom Berney, Ann Le Couteur, Barry Ingham, Jeremy R Parr
Accurately diagnosing autism spectrum disorders in adulthood can be challenging. Structured questionnaires and diagnostic measures are frequently used to assist case recognition and diagnosis. This study reviewed research evidence on structured questionnaires and diagnostic measures published since the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence evidence update. The Cochrane library, Medline, Embase and PsycINFO were searched. In all, 20 studies met inclusion criteria. Sensitivity and specificity of structured questionnaires were best for individuals with previously confirmed autism spectrum disorder diagnoses and reduced in participants referred for diagnostic assessments, with discrimination of autism spectrum disorder from mental health conditions especially limited...
February 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437065/the-presence-of-waddell-signs-depends-on-age-and-gender-not-diagnosis
#15
J U Yoo, T C McIver, J Hiratzka, H Carlson, N Carlson, S S Radoslovich, T Gernhart, E Boshears, M S Kane
AIMS: The aim of this study was to determine if positive Waddell signs were related to patients' demographics or to perception of their quality of life. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective cross-sectional study included 479 adult patients with back pain from a university spine centre. Each completed SF-12 and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) questionnaires and underwent standard spinal examinations to elicit Waddell signs. The relationship between Waddell signs and age, gender, ODI, Mental Component Score (MCS), and Physical Component Score (PCS) scores was determined...
February 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436893/a-literature-review-on-the-experience-of-long-term-mental-illness
#16
Elizabeth Collier, Maria J Grant
PURPOSE: To illuminate long-term experiences of mental illness from both research and autobiographical accounts. DESIGN: A literature review of English-language papers, 1950-2014, relating to the experience of long-term mental illness indexed in AgeInfo, AMED, ASSIA, British Nursing Index (BNI), CINAHL, MEDLINE, PsycEXTRA, and PsychINFO. FINDINGS: Twenty-five research papers and nine autobiographic accounts met the review criteria. Thematic analysis revealed nine themes: fear, explanation seeking, stigma, disability, coping strategies, control, support, change and learning, and life history...
February 13, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436880/cotard-s-syndrome-triggered-by-fear-in-a-patient-with-intellectual-disability-causal-or-casual-link
#17
Fabrizio Sottile, Rosaria De Luca, Lilla Bonanno, Giuseppina Finzi, Carmela Casella, Rocco Salvatore Calabrò
Cotard's syndrome is a neuropsychiatric disease characterized by a variety of nihilistic delusions, commonly associated with several psychotic and major affective disorders, and neurological diseases, including stroke, dementia, and mental retardation. A 39-year-old male with mental retardation developed Cotard's syndrome, following an important episode of fear. During admission to our neurological unit, the patient underwent an accurate assessment, including neuroradiological, clinical, and neuropsychological examinations...
February 13, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433763/linking-commonly-used-hand-therapy-outcome-measures-to-individual-areas-of-the-international-classification-of-functioning-a-systematic-review
#18
Nancy Naughton, Lori Algar
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review. INTRODUCTION: Identifying outcome measures that correspond to the International Classification of Functioning (ICF) provides insight into selecting appropriate outcome tools in hand therapy practice. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The objective of this study is to systematically review patient-reported outcome measures commonly used in hand therapy to determine the extent to which the content represents the biopsychosocial view of the ICF...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433493/protocol-for-the-individual-placement-and-support-ips-in-pain-trial-a-randomized-controlled-trial-investigating-the-effectiveness-of-ips-for-patients-with-chronic-pain
#19
Lene Therese B Linnemørken, Vigdis Sveinsdottir, Thomas Knutzen, Linn Rødevand, Kjersti Helene Hernæs, Silje Endresen Reme
BACKGROUND: Work disability involves large costs to the society as well as to the individual. Work disability is common among people with chronic pain conditions, yet few effective interventions exist. Individual Placement and Support (IPS) is an evidence-based work rehabilitation model originally developed to help people with severe mental illness obtain and maintain employment. The effectiveness of IPS for patients with severe mental illness is well documented, but the model has never before been tested for patients with chronic pain...
February 13, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433470/an-investigation-of-physical-and-mental-health-consequences-among-chinese-parents-who-lost-their-only-child
#20
Qianlan Yin, Zhilei Shang, Na Zhou, Lili Wu, Guangyu Liu, Xiaoqian Yu, Huaihui Zhang, Haidong Xue, Weizhi Liu
BACKGROUND: The term "loss-of-only-child family" means that the only child in a family passed away or is disabled due to an accident or other events. The parents who cannot conceive or do not adopt another child, are known as Shidu parents in China. This study compares the physical and mental health of Shidu parents with those parents who have not experienced such loss. METHODS: The target group is comprised of parents being Shidu for more than 1 year (N = 95) and the control group is comprised of parents with a living child (N = 97) from the same area as the Shidu parents...
February 12, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
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