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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053128/-traumatic-brain-injury-neurologic-and-psychiatric-aspects
#1
Yu P Sivolap, I V Damulin, O N Voskresenskaya
Traumatic brain injury is among the leading social-medical problems that causes preventable deaths, health deterioration and disability in young individuals. It is manifested by neurologic and psychiatric disorders, firstly by neurocognitive impairment. Therapeutic interventions in traumatic brain injury include correction of cerebral disorders in the acute phase of trauma, treatment of neurocognitive impairment and symptomatic treatment of mental disorders. The efficacy of treatment of neurocognitive deficits associated with brain injury is still unsatisfactory, which determines the need to find new medicines and therapeutic approaches...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052929/what-makes-generalist-mental-health-professionals-effective-when-working-with-people-with-an-intellectual-disability-a-family-member-and-support-person-perspective
#2
Janelle Weise, Karen R Fisher, Julian N Trollor
BACKGROUND: Generalist mental health professionals are inadequately equipped to meet the rights of people with intellectual disability. A better understanding of the attributes of effective professionals may assist in the development of workforce capacity in this area. METHODS: Twenty-eight family/support persons of people with intellectual disability participated in four focus groups. Thematic analysis was undertaken applying the Intellectual Disability Mental Health Core Competencies Framework...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050789/satisfaction-with-life-over-time-in-people-with-burn-injury-a-national-institute-on-disability-independent-living-and-rehabilitation-research-burn-model-system-study
#3
Dagmar Amtmann, Fraser D Bocell, Kara McMullen, Alyssa M Bamer, Kurt L Johnson, Shelley Wiechman, Jeffrey C Schneider
OBJECTIVES: To examine trajectories of satisfaction with life (SWL) of burn survivors over time and their clinical, demographic and other predictors. DESIGN: Longitudinal survey. SETTING: N/A. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals 18 and over who underwent burn-related surgery and met one of the following criteria: (1) > 10% total burn surface area (TBSA) burn and ≥ 65 years of age; (2) > 20% TBSA burn and 18 to 64 years of age; (3) electrical high voltage/lightning injury; or (4) burn injury to the hands, face, or feet...
October 16, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050493/serum-bdnf-is-positively-associated-with-negative-symptoms-in-older-adults-with-schizophrenia
#4
Sasha S Binford, Erin M Hubbard, Elena Flowers, Bruce L Miller, Heather Leutwyler
OBJECTIVES: Older adults with chronic schizophrenia are at greater risk for functional disability and poorer health outcomes than those without serious mental illness. These individuals comprise 1-2% of the elderly population in the United States and are projected to number approximately 15 million by 2030. The symptoms of schizophrenia can be disabling for individuals, significantly reducing quality of life. Often, the negative symptoms (NS) are the most resistant to treatment and are considered a marker of illness severity, though they are challenging to measure objectively...
January 1, 2017: Biological Research for Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049920/factors-associated-with-vision-related-quality-of-life-among-the-adult-population-living-in-nagorno-karabagh
#5
T Harutyunyan, A Giloyan, V Petrosyan
OBJECTIVES: Visual impairment and blindness are major public health problems causing significant suffering, disability, loss of productivity, and diminishing quality of life for millions of people. This study explored the factors associated with the overall vision-related quality of life (VRQoL) and its different domains in the adult population of Nagorno Karabakh and assessed the independent contribution of specific eye diseases to VRQoL. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study...
October 16, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048739/pharmacotherapy-for-social-anxiety-disorder-sand
#6
REVIEW
Taryn Williams, Coenraad J Hattingh, Catherine M Kariuki, Sean A Tromp, Anton J van Balkom, Jonathan C Ipser, Dan J Stein
BACKGROUND: Recognition is growing that social anxiety disorder (SAnD) is a chronic and disabling disorder, and data from early trials demonstrate that medication may be effective in its treatment. This systematic review is an update of an earlier review of pharmacotherapy of SAnD. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of pharmacotherapy for social anxiety disorder in adults and identify which factors (methodological or clinical) predict response to treatment. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Common Mental Disorders Controlled Trials Register (CCMDCTR-Studies and CCMDCTR-References) to 17 August 2015...
October 19, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048519/finding-silver-linings-a-preliminary-examination-of-benefit-finding-in-youth-with-chronic-pain
#7
Sabine Soltani, Alex Neville, Karen Hurtubise, Aimee Hildenbrand, Melanie Noel
Background: Chronic pain is a pervasive condition in adolescence and is associated with significant psychological distress, functional disability, social isolation, and decreased quality of life for a subset of affected youth. There is a paucity of research examining potential resilience factors and adaptive processes in pediatric chronic pain. Benefit finding refers to the process of perceiving positive consequences in the face of adversity. Previous research on benefit finding in pediatric samples (e...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047118/modeling-community-discharge-of-medicaid-nursing-home-residents-implications-for-money-follows-the-person
#8
Zachary Hass, Mark Woodhouse, Robert Kane, Greg Arling
OBJECTIVE: To build and test a model that predicts community discharge probabilities for Medicaid-eligible nursing home (NH) residents who remain in the nursing home at 90 days after admission and, thus, would be candidates for the Money Follows the Person (MFP) program. DATA SOURCE: The Minimum Data Set, Medicaid Management Information Systems, and Minnesota Vital Statistics file. DATA: Cohort of 33, 590 nursing home stays that qualified for Medicaid by the 90th day of their stay from 383 Minnesota nursing homes from July 2011 to June 2013...
October 18, 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046206/-clinical-and-genetic-analyses-of-a-family-with-atypical-nonketotic-hyperglycinemia-caused-by-compound-heterozygous-mutations-in-the-gldc-gene
#9
Tie-Jia Jiang, Jing-Jing Jiang, Jia-Lu Xu, Jing Zhen, Pei-Fang Jiang, Feng Gao
Nonketotic hyperglycinemia (NKH) is an autosomal recessive hereditary disease caused by a defect in the glycine cleavage system and is classified into typical and atypical NKH. Atypical NKH has complex manifestations and is difficult to diagnose in clinical practice. This article reports a family of NKH. The parents had normal phenotypes, and the older brother and the younger sister developed this disease in the neonatal period. The older brother manifested as intractable epilepsy, severe spastic diplegia, intellectual disability, an increased level of glycine in blood and cerebrospinal fluid, an increased glycine/creatinine ratio in urine, and an increased ratio of glycine concentration in cerebrospinal fluid and blood...
October 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045707/the-social-determinants-of-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-youth-suicidality-in-england-a-mixed-methods-study
#10
Elizabeth McDermott, Elizabeth Hughes, Victoria Rawlings
Background: Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) youth have a higher risk of suicidality and self-harm than heterosexual youth populations but little is known about the underlying mechanisms. We aimed to investigate the social determinants of this mental health inequality. Methods: A two-stage sequential mixed method study was conducted. Firstly, 29 semi-structured interviews with LGBT youth (aged 13-25 years old) were completed. Data was analysed thematically...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044637/the-modeled-cost-effectiveness-of-family-based-and-adolescent-focused-treatment-for-anorexia-nervosa
#11
Long Khanh-Dao Le, Jan J Barendregt, Phillipa Hay, Susan M Sawyer, Elizabeth K Hughes, Cathrine Mihalopoulos
BACKGROUND: Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a prevalent, serious mental disorder. We aimed to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of family-based treatment (FBT) compared to adolescent-focused individual therapy (AFT) or no intervention within the Australian healthcare system. METHOD: A Markov model was developed to estimate the cost and disability-adjusted life-year (DALY) averted of FBT relative to comparators over 6 years from the health system perspective. The target population was 11-18 year olds with AN of relatively short duration...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041822/when-i-do-i-become-someone-experiences-of-occupational-performance-in-young-adults-with-cerebral-palsy
#12
Lena Bergqvist, Ann-Marie Öhrvall, Kate Himmelmann, Marie Peny-Dahlstrand
PURPOSE: Persons with cerebral palsy, even if they have relatively good motor functions, have a lower level of independence and participation in everyday activities than persons of the same age without disabilities. However, there are few descriptions of how persons with cerebral palsy themselves perceive their performance of activities in everyday life. The aim of this study was to describe the perceptions that young adults with cerebral palsy have of occupational performance in everyday life...
October 17, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040889/factors-associated-with-happiness-in-the-elderly-persons-living-in-the-community
#13
Bruna Moretti Luchesi, Nathalia Alves de Oliveira, Daiene de Morais, Rebeca Mendes de Paula Pessoa, Sofia Cristina I Pavarini, Marcos Hortes N Chagas
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate factors associated with happiness in a sample of Brazilian older adults. METHODS: A study was conducted with 263 elderly people in the area of coverage of a family health unit located in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. The Subjective Happiness Scale was used to measure happiness, the final score of which determined one of three outcomes: not happy, intermediate, and happy. Disability, sociodemographic characteristics, and psychological, cognitive, and physical factors were considered for the multinomial logistic regression analysis...
October 12, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038693/bio-psycho-social-factors-affecting-sexual-self-concept-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Robabeh Potki, Tayebe Ziaei, Mahbobeh Faramarzi, Mahmood Moosazadeh, Zohreh Shahhosseini
BACKGROUND: Nowadays, it is believed that mental and emotional aspects of sexual well-being are the important aspects of sexual health. Sexual self-concept is a major component of sexual health and the core of sexuality. It is defined as the cognitive perspective concerning the sexual aspects of 'self' and refers to the individual's self-perception as a sexual creature. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the different factors affecting sexual self-concept...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037787/the-relationship-between-spinal-pain-and-comorbidity-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-579-community-dwelling-older-australian-women
#15
Katie E de Luca, Lynne Parkinson, Scott Haldeman, Julie E Byles, Fiona Blyth
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to (1) report the prevalence and explore the influence of spinal pain on quality of life and (2) assess the relationship between spinal pain and the type and number of comorbidities. METHODS: This cross-sectional study comprised 579 community-dwelling, older Australian women. Women had "spinal pain" if they marked "yes" to neck pain, upper back pain, mid-back pain, and/or lower back pain. Descriptive statistics and binary logistic regression were performed to report the prevalence and explore the relationship between spinal pain and the type and number of comorbidities...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036727/economic-labor-and-regulatory-moderators-of-the-effect-of-individual-placement-and-support-among-people-with-severe-mental-illness-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Justin D Metcalfe, Robert E Drake, Gary R Bond
As Individual Placement and Support (IPS) has become the international standard for vocational rehabilitation of adults with serious mental illness, researchers must consider the relationship between IPS and local environments. This meta-analysis used mixed-effects meta-regressions to assess the impact of site-level moderators on the likelihood that IPS recipients, compared with recipients of alternative vocational services, achieved competitive employment. Potential moderators included change in gross domestic product (GDP), local unemployment and unionization rates, and indices describing employment protection regulations, level of disability benefits compensation, and efforts to integrate people with disabilities into the workforce...
September 28, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036014/a-family-with-two-cases-of-melanocytic-tumors-and-fragile-x-syndrome
#17
Candice Lesage, Isabelle Coupier, Bernard Guillot
Fragile X syndrome (FXS), a leading cause of inherited intellectual disability, most commonly results from an expansion of the CGG trinucleotide repeat in the fragile X mental retardation 1 (FMR1) gene to more than 200 copies (full mutation). The FXS phenotype differs by sex and is associated with intellectual and cognitive impairment, characteristic physical features, epilepsy, and/or behavioral challenges including autism spectrum disorder. In this patient population, tumors involving blood cells, digestive organs, the central nervous system, and testes have been described, but melanocytic tumors have not been reported...
October 13, 2017: Melanoma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034100/prevalence-of-mental-health-conditions-and-relationship-with-general-health-in-a-whole-country-population-of-people-with-intellectual-disabilities-compared-with-the-general-population
#18
Laura A Hughes-McCormack, Ewelina Rydzewska, Angela Henderson, Cecilia MacIntyre, Julie Rintoul, Sally-Ann Cooper
BACKGROUND: There are no previous whole-country studies on mental health and relationships with general health in intellectual disability populations; study results vary. AIMS: To determine the prevalence of mental health conditions and relationships with general health in a total population with and without intellectual disabilities. METHOD: Ninety-four per cent completed Scotland's Census 2011. Data on intellectual disabilities, mental health and general health were extracted, and the association between them was investigated...
September 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033642/the-effect-of-type-d-personality-on-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#19
Seden Demirci, Kadir Demirci, Serpil Demirci
INTRODUCTION: The Type D personality was reported as an important indicator of adverse clinical outcomes and quality of life in various diseases. The objective of this study was to investigate the relationships between the Type D personality and clinical features and the effect of Type D personality on quality of life in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: Seventy-four patients with MS participated in this study. Clinical parameters of the patients were recorded and disability was assessed using the Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS)...
September 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032743/adverse-outcomes-of-sick-leave-due-to-mental-disorders-a-prospective-study-of-discordant-twin-pairs
#20
Lisa Mather, Victoria Blom, Gunnar Bergström, Pia Svedberg
AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate whether sick leave due to different mental disorders increased the risk of reoccurring sick-leave, disability pension and unemployment, taking genetics and shared environment into account. METHODS: This register-based cohort study contains 2202 discordant twin pairs 18-64 years old, where one twin had sick leave due to a mental disorder 2005-2006. The end of the sick-leave spell was the start of follow-up for both twins...
October 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
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