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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091762/good-jobs-good-pay-better-health-the-effects-of-job-quality-on-health-among-older-european-workers
#1
Golo Henseke
Using data from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe, this study presents new evidence on the effects of job quality on the occurrence of severe acute conditions, the level of cardiovascular risk factors, musculoskeletal disorders, mental health, functional disabilities and self-assessed health among workers aged 50+. By combining intrinsic job quality with job insecurity and pay the study maps out multiple potential pathways through which work may affect health and well-being. Levering longitudinal data and external information on early retirement ages allows for accounting of unobserved heterogeneity, selection bias and reverse causality...
January 13, 2017: European Journal of Health Economics: HEPAC: Health Economics in Prevention and Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089585/the-impact-of-intelligence-on-memory-and-executive-functions-of-children-with-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-methodological-concerns-with-clinical-relevance
#2
Patricia Rzezak, Catarina A Guimarães, Marilisa M Guerreiro, Kette D Valente
PURPOSE: Patients with TLE are prone to have lower IQ scores than healthy controls. Nevertheless, the impact of IQ differences is not usually considered in studies that compared the cognitive functioning of children with and without epilepsy. This study aimed to determine the effect of using IQ as a covariate on memory and attentional/executive functions of children with TLE. METHODS: Thirty-eight children and adolescents with TLE and 28 healthy controls paired as to age, gender, and sociodemographic factors were evaluated with a comprehensive neuropsychological battery for memory and executive functions...
December 29, 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087891/physical-activity-and-exercise-for-chronic-pain-in-adults-an-overview-of-cochrane-reviews
#3
REVIEW
Louise J Geneen, R Andrew Moore, Clare Clarke, Denis Martin, Lesley A Colvin, Blair H Smith
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is defined as pain lasting beyond normal tissue healing time, generally taken to be 12 weeks. It contributes to disability, anxiety, depression, sleep disturbances, poor quality of life, and healthcare costs. Chronic pain has a weighted mean prevalence in adults of 20%.For many years, the treatment choice for chronic pain included recommendations for rest and inactivity. However, exercise may have specific benefits in reducing the severity of chronic pain, as well as more general benefits associated with improved overall physical and mental health, and physical functioning...
January 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086889/hybrid-brain-computer-interface-for-biomedical-cyber-physical-system-application-using-wireless-embedded-eeg-systems
#4
Rifai Chai, Ganesh R Naik, Sai Ho Ling, Hung T Nguyen
BACKGROUND: One of the key challenges of the biomedical cyber-physical system is to combine cognitive neuroscience with the integration of physical systems to assist people with disabilities. Electroencephalography (EEG) has been explored as a non-invasive method of providing assistive technology by using brain electrical signals. METHODS: This paper presents a unique prototype of a hybrid brain computer interface (BCI) which senses a combination classification of mental task, steady state visual evoked potential (SSVEP) and eyes closed detection using only two EEG channels...
January 7, 2017: Biomedical Engineering Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079724/explaining-how-cognitive-behavioural-approaches-work-for-low-back-pain-mediation-analysis-of-the-back-skills-training-trial
#5
Bethany Fordham, Chen Ji, Zara Hansen, Ranjit Lall, Sarah E Lamb
STUDY DESIGN: .: This is secondary research examining the longitudinal mediation effect within a structural equation model. OBJECTIVE: .: To identify possible mechanisms which mediate the effects of a cognitive behavioural approach upon disability and pain in low back pain patients. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: .: Cognitive behavioural interventions (CBIs) can improve pain and disability in low back pain (LBP) but the mechanisms of action are unclear...
January 10, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079674/borderline-intellectual-functioning-an-update
#6
Stephen Greenspan
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Borderline intellectual functioning (BIF) is a descriptive v-code that is often used, especially in forensic settings, as if it were a full-fledged disorder. Various historical and other aspects of this classification are reviewed, and commentary is made on the question of whether to upgrade BIF to a regular psychiatric category, or to eliminate it by folding it into an already recently expanded category of intellectual developmental disorder (IDD). RECENT FINDINGS: Full-scale intelligence quotient (IQ) is an outmoded concept that is decreasingly being used...
January 12, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078920/do-predictors-of-return-to-work-and-recurrence-of-work-disability-due-to-mental-disorders-vary-by-age-a-cohort-study
#7
Pauliina Mattila-Holappa, Jenni Ervasti, Matti Joensuu, Kirsi Ahola, Jaana Pentti, Tuula Oksanen, Jussi Vahtera, Mika KivimÄki, Marianna Virtanen
BACKGROUND: The extent to which predictors of return to work (RTW) and recurrence of work disability episodes vary by age group is not well understood. METHODS: We examined the associations of sociodemographic and clinical factors with RTW and recurrence after mental-disorder-related work disability episodes in a cohort of 10,496 Finnish public sector employees. Disability records were derived from national disability registers between 2005 and 2011. Effect modification by age was examined in age groups of 21-34, 35-50 and >50 years...
January 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077124/important-patient-characteristics-differ-prior-to-total-knee-arthroplasty-and-total-hip-arthroplasty-between-switzerland-and-the-united-states
#8
Patricia D Franklin, Hermes Miozzari, Panayiotis Christofilopoulos, Pierre Hoffmeyer, David C Ayers, Anne Lübbeke
BACKGROUND: Outcomes after total knee (TKA) and hip (THA) arthroplasty are often generalized internationally. Patient-dependent factors and preoperative symptom levels may differ across countries. We compared preoperative patient and clinical characteristics from two large cohorts, one in Switzerland, the other in the US. METHODS: Patient characteristics were collected prospectively on all elective primary TKAs and THAs performed at a large Swiss hospital and in a US national sample...
January 11, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075425/management-of-fibromyalgia-practical-guides-from-recent-evidence-based-guidelines
#9
Winfried Häuser, Jacob Ablin, Serge Perrot, Mary-Ann Fitzcharles
Fibromyalgia (FM) is a prevalent and costly condition worldwide, affecting approximately 2% of the general population. Recent evidence- and consensus-based guidelines from Canada, Germany, Israel and the European League Against Rheumatism aim to support physicians in achieving a comprehensive diagnostic work-up of patients with chronic widespread pain (CWP) and to assist patients and physicians in shared decision making on treament options. Every patient with CWP requires at the first medical evaluation a complete history, medical examination and some laboratory tests (complete blood count, C-reactive protein, serum calcium, creatine phosphokinase, thyroid stimulating hormone, 25-OH vitamin D) to screen for metabolic or inflammatory causes of CWP...
January 4, 2017: Polskie Archiwum Medycyny Wewnętrznej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075382/b-vitamin-intake-and-biomarker-status-in-relation-to-cognitive-decline-in-healthy-older-adults-in-a-4-year-follow-up-study
#10
Catherine F Hughes, Mary Ward, Fergal Tracey, Leane Hoey, Anne M Molloy, Kristina Pentieva, Helene McNulty
Advancing age can be associated with an increase in cognitive dysfunction, a spectrum of disability that ranges in severity from mild cognitive impairment to dementia. Folate and the other B-vitamins involved in one-carbon metabolism are associated with cognition in ageing but the evidence is not entirely clear. The hypothesis addressed in this study was that lower dietary intake or biomarker status of folate and/or the metabolically related B-vitamins would be associated with a greater than expected rate of cognitive decline over a 4-year follow-up period in healthy older adults...
January 10, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075089/autism-spectrum-disorder-primary-care-principles
#11
Kristian E Sanchack, Craig A Thomas
Autism spectrum disorder is characterized by difficulty with social communication and restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interest, or activities. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th ed., created an umbrella diagnosis that includes several previously separate conditions: autistic disorder, Asperger syndrome, childhood disintegrative disorder, and pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified. There is insufficient evidence to recommend screening for autism spectrum disorder in children 18 to 30 months of age in whom the disorder is not suspected; however, there is a growing body of evidence that early intensive behavioral intervention based on applied behavior analysis improves cognitive ability, language, and adaptive skills...
December 15, 2016: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073926/mutations-of-pqbp1-in-renpenning-syndrome-promote-ubiquitin-mediated-degradation-of-fmrp-and-cause-synaptic-dysfunction
#12
Xiao-Yan Zhang, Junxia Qi, Yu-Qian Shen, Xian Liu, An Liu, Zikai Zhou, Junhai Han, Zi Chao Zhang
Renpenning syndrome is a group of X-linked intellectual disability (XLID) syndromes caused by mutations in human polyglutamine-binding protein 1 (PQBP1) gene. Little is known about the molecular pathogenesis of the various mutations that cause the notable variability in patients. In this study, we examine the cellular and synaptic functions of the most common mutations found in the patients: c.461_462delAG, c.459_462delAGAG, and c.463_464dupAG in an AG hexamer in PQBP1 exon 4. We discovered that PQBP1 c.459_462delAGAG and c...
January 10, 2017: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073085/effect-of-investigator-observation-on-gait-parameters-in-individuals-with-and-without-chronic-low-back-pain
#13
Joshua Vickers, Austin Reed, Robert Decker, Bryan P Conrad, Marissa Olegario-Nebel, Heather K Vincent
Despite the ubiquity of gait assessment in clinic and research, it is unclear how observation impacts gait, particularly in persons with chronic pain and psychological stress. We compared temporal spatial gait patterns in people with and without chronic low back pain (CLBP) when they were aware and unaware of being observed. This was a repeated-measures, deception study in 55 healthy persons (32.0±12.4 yr, 24.2±2.7kg/m(2)) and persons with CLBP (51.9±17.9 yr, 27.8±4.4kg/m(2)). Participants performed one condition in which they were unaware of observation (UNW), and three conditions under investigator observation: (1) aware of observation (AWA), (2) investigators watching cadence, (3) investigators watching step length...
January 3, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069663/cybercycling-effects-on-classroom-behavior-in-children-with-behavioral-health-disorders-an-rct
#14
April Bowling, James Slavet, Daniel P Miller, Sebastien Haneuse, William Beardslee, Kirsten Davison
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Exercise is linked with improved cognition and behavior in children in clinical and experimental settings. This translational study examined if an aerobic cybercycling intervention integrated into physical education (PE) resulted in improvements in behavioral self-regulation and classroom functioning among children with mental health disabilities attending a therapeutic day school. METHODS: Using a 14-week crossover design, students (N = 103) were randomly assigned by classroom (k = 14) to receive the 7-week aerobic cybercycling PE curriculum during fall 2014 or spring 2015...
January 9, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069046/occurrence-of-emery-dreifuss-muscular-dystrophy-in-a-rural-setting-of-cameroon-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#15
Cyril Jabea Ekabe, Jules Kehbila, Carlson-Babila Sama, Benjamin Momo Kadia, Martin Hongieh Abanda, Gottlieb Lobe Monekosso
BACKGROUND: Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy is a rare genetic muscular disease, presenting mainly with contractures, weakness and cardiac conduction abnormalities. Its clinical and laboratory similarities to other muscular dystrophies, and rarity poses diagnostic challenges, requiring a high index of suspicion in resource limited settings. CASE PRESENTATION: An 8 year old sub-Saharan male presented with rigidity and deformity of both elbows and ankles, and weakness of the upper limbs and lower limbs for duration of 4 months...
January 9, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069021/preoperative-optimization-of-patient-expectations-improves-long-term-outcome-in-heart-surgery-patients-results-of-the-randomized-controlled-psy-heart-trial
#16
Winfried Rief, Meike C Shedden-Mora, Johannes A C Laferton, Charlotte Auer, Keith J Petrie, Stefan Salzmann, Manfred Schedlowski, Rainer Moosdorf
BACKGROUND: Placebo effects contribute substantially to outcome in most fields of medicine. While clinical trials typically try to control or minimize these effects, the potential of placebo mechanisms to improve outcome is rarely used. Patient expectations about treatment efficacy and outcome are major mechanisms that contribute to these placebo effects. We aimed to optimize these expectations to improve outcome in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. METHODS: In a prospective three-arm randomized clinical trial with a 6 month follow-up, 124 patients scheduled for CABG surgery were randomized to either a brief psychological pre-surgery intervention to optimize outcome expectations (EXPECT); or a psychological control intervention focusing on emotional support and general advice, but not on expectations (SUPPORT); or to standard medical care (SMC)...
January 10, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069020/work-outcome-in-persons-with-musculoskeletal-diseases-comparison-with-other-chronic-diseases-the-role-of-musculoskeletal-diseases-in-multimorbidity
#17
Antje van der Zee-Neuen, Polina Putrik, Sofia Ramiro, Andras Keszei, Rob de Bie, Astrid Chorus, Annelies Boonen
BACKGROUND: Chronic diseases and multimorbidity are increasingly common among persons in working age. This study explores the impact of type, number and combinations of chronic diseases with focus on the role of MSKD on (1) adverse work status (i.e. work disability (WD), economic unemployment (UE) or receiving a living allowance (LA)) and on (2) the occurrence of sick leave. METHODS: Subjects participating in a Dutch household survey, who were ≤65 years and could have paid work, provided data on socio-demographics and nine physician diagnosed chronic diseases...
January 10, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065875/comparing-quality-of-life-in-cervical-spondylotic-myelopathy-with-other-chronic-debilitating-diseases-using-the-sf-36-survey
#18
Taemin Oh, Renaud Lafage, Virginie Lafage, Themistocles Protopsaltis, Vincent Challier, Christopher Shaffrey, Han Jo Kim, Paul Arnold, Jens Chapman, Frank Schwab, Eric Massicotte, Tim Yoon, Shay Bess, Michael Fehlings, Justin Smith, Christopher Ames
BACKGROUND: Although cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) can be devastating, its relative impact on general health remains unclear. Patient responses to the SF-36 PCS/MCS were compared between CSM and other diseases to evaluate their respective impacts on quality of life. OBJECTIVE: Compare SF-36 PCS/MCS scores in CSM to population and disease-specific norms. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of a prospective, multi-center AOSpine North American CSM Study database...
January 5, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065824/variable-white-matter-atrophy-and-intellectual-development-in-a-family-with-x-linked-creatine-transporter-deficiency-despite-genotypic-homogeneity
#19
Nicole Heussinger, Marc Saake, Angelika Mennecke, Helmuth-Günther Dörr, Regina Trollmann
BACKGROUND: The X-linked creatine transporter deficiency (CRTD) caused by an SLC6A8 mutation represents the second most common cause of X-linked intellectual disability. The clinical phenotype ranges from mild to severe intellectual disability, epilepsy, short stature, poor language skills, and autism spectrum disorders. The objective of this study was to investigate phenotypic variability in the context of genotype, cerebral creatine concentration, and volumetric analysis in a family with CRTD...
October 17, 2016: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062472/is-having-a-family-member-with-chronic-health-concerns-bad-for-young-people-s-health-cross-sectional-evidence-from-a-national-survey-of-young-australians
#20
Anna K Moffat, Gerry Redmond
OBJECTIVES: Young people's perspectives on the association between having a family member with a chronic health concern (FHC) and their own health are under-researched. This study used young people's reports to assess the prevalence of FHCs and their association with negative health outcomes, with an aim of identifying potential inequalities between marginalised and non-marginalised young people. Family cohesion was examined as a moderating factor. DESIGN: Cross-sectional data from the Australian Child Wellbeing Project survey were used...
January 6, 2017: BMJ Open
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