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Ectopic ossification

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031500/acetabular-revision-with-bone-grafting-and-cementation-for-aseptic-loosening-after-primary-charnley-low-friction-hip-arthroplasty-with-structural-bulk-autografts
#1
Riazuddin Mohammed, Efstathios Drampalos, Paul Siney, Bodo Purbach, Peter Kay
PURPOSE: To review the outcome of acetabular revision with bone grafting and cementation for aseptic loosening after primary Charnley low-friction hip arthroplasty with structural bulk autografts in 15 patients. METHODS: Records were reviewed for 3 men and 12 women aged 31 to 72 (mean, 53) years who underwent acetabular revision with bone grafting and cementation for aseptic loosening at a mean of 12.4 (range, 6.6-20.3) years after primary Charnley low-friction hip arthroplasty with superolateral structural bulk autografts from the femoral head for dysplastic hip (n=14) or bone loss secondary to acetabular fracture (n=1)...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012500/familial-diffuse-pulmonary-ossification-a-possible-genetic-disorder
#2
Yoshiaki Kinoshita, Ichiko Mizuguchi, Kouko Hidaka, Hiroshi Ishii, Kentaro Watanabe
Diffuse pulmonary ossification (DPO) is an uncommon disease that is characterized by the widespread formation of ectopic bone in the lungs. Herein, we describe two familial cases of DPO. The patients were a 47-year-old woman and her 76-year-old father. Both patients had a history of recurrent cough, and their chest images showed multiple nodules with ossification. No underlying diseases that might have caused DPO were evident; however, the female patient also had congenital finger hypoplasia and deformity. The present cases indicate the possibility that DPO might be partly associated with genetic disorders...
January 2017: Respiratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27959908/ectopic-mineralization-and-conductive-hearing-loss-in-enpp1asj-mutant-mice-a-new-model-for-otitis-media-and-tympanosclerosis
#3
Cong Tian, Belinda S Harris, Kenneth R Johnson
Otitis media (OM), inflammation of the middle ear, is a common cause of hearing loss in children and in patients with many different syndromic diseases. Studies of the human population and mouse models have revealed that OM is a multifactorial disease with many environmental and genetic contributing factors. Here, we report on otitis media-related hearing loss in asj (ages with stiffened joints) mutant mice, which bear a point mutation in the Enpp1 gene. Auditory-evoked brainstem response (ABR) measurements revealed that around 90% of the mutant mice (Enpp1asj/asj) tested had moderate to severe hearing impairment in at least one ear...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942591/mtor-inhibition-and-bmp-signaling-act-synergistically-to-reduce-muscle-fibrosis-and-improve-myofiber-regeneration
#4
Shailesh Agarwal, David Cholok, Shawn Loder, John Li, Christopher Breuler, Michael T Chung, Hsiao Hsin Sung, Kavitha Ranganathan, Joe Habbouche, James Drake, Joshua Peterson, Caitlin Priest, Shuli Li, Yuji Mishina, Benjamin Levi
Muscle trauma is highly morbid due to intramuscular scarring, or fibrosis, and muscle atrophy. Studies have shown that bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) reduce muscle atrophy. However, increased BMP signaling at muscle injury sites causes heterotopic ossification, as seen in patients with fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva (FOP), or patients with surgically placed BMP implants for bone healing. We use a genetic mouse model of hyperactive BMP signaling to show the development of intramuscular fibrosis surrounding areas of ectopic bone following muscle injury...
December 8, 2016: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862618/scleraxis-lineage-cells-contribute-to-ectopic-bone-formation-in-muscle-and-tendon
#5
Shailesh Agarwal, Shawn J Loder, David Cholok, Joshua Peterson, John Li, Christopher Breuler, R Cameron Brownley, Hsiao Hsin Sung, Mike Chung, Nobuhiro Kamiya, Shuli Li, Bin Zhao, Vesa Kaartinen, Thomas A Davis, Ammar T Qureshi, Ernestina Schipani, Yuji Mishina, Benjamin Levi
The pathologic development of heterotopic ossification (HO) is well described in patients with extensive trauma or with hyperactivating mutations of the bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) receptor ACVR1. However, identification of progenitor cells contributing to this process remains elusive. Here we show that connective tissue cells contribute to a substantial amount of HO anlagen caused by trauma using postnatal, tamoxifen-inducible, scleraxis-lineage restricted reporter mice (Scx-creERT2/tdTomato(fl/fl) )...
November 8, 2016: Stem Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858401/ages-induce-ectopic-endochondral-ossification-in-intervertebral-discs
#6
S Illien-Jünger, O M Torre, W F Kindschuh, X Chen, D M Laudier, J C Iatridis
Ectopic calcifications in intervertebral discs (IVDs) are known characteristics of IVD degeneration that are not commonly reported but may be implicated in structural failure and dysfunctional IVD cell metabolic responses. This study investigated the novel hypothesis that ectopic calcifications in the IVD are associated with advanced glycation end products (AGEs) via hypertrophy and osteogenic differentiation. Histological analyses of human IVDs from several degeneration stages revealed areas of ectopic calcification within the nucleus pulposus and at the cartilage endplate...
November 18, 2016: European Cells & Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803113/histopathological-evaluation-and-expression-of-the-pluripotent-mesenchymal-stem-cell-like-markers-cd105-and-cd44-in-the-synovial-membrane-of-patients-with-primary-versus-secondary-hip-osteoarthritis
#7
Sabin Gligore Turdean, Ioan Jung, Simona Gurzu, Ancuta Zazgyva, Annamaria Fetyko, Ciprian Oliviu Roman, Mihai Turcu, Tudor Sorin Pop
To present the morphological changes of classic primary versus rapidly progressive and secondary hip osteoarthritis (HO) and to examine the expression of two pluripotent mesenchymal stem cell-like markers in the synovial membrane. A prospective observational study was conducted in 57 consecutive cases of radiologically confirmed HO in which total hip arthroplasty was performed. Based on the radiological and clinicopathological features, the cases were divided into three categories: classic primary HO (group A; n=16), rapidly destructive HO (group B; n=24), and HO secondary to avascular osteonecrosis of the femoral head (group C; n=17)...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Investigative Medicine: the Official Publication of the American Federation for Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800117/myositis-ossificans-progressive-case-report
#8
Sofia Talbi, Nassira Aradoini, Iman El Mezouar, Fatima Ezzahra Abourazzak, Taoufik Harzy
Myositis ossificans progressiva (MOP) is an autosomal dominant disorder. There is a progressive ectopic ossification and skeletal malformation, mainly in the connective tissue of muscle. The diagnosis is based on the clinical findings and radiological demonstration of the skeletal malformations. A 38-year-old female patient was admitted to our department with progressive increase of the thigh. Results of laboratory studies were normal. The radiography of the right thigh showed multiple intramuscular calcifications...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784668/muscle-as-an-osteoinductive-niche-for-local-bone-formation-with-the-use-of-a-biphasic-calcium-sulphate-hydroxyapatite-biomaterial
#9
D B Raina, A Gupta, M M Petersen, W Hettwer, M McNally, M Tägil, M-H Zheng, A Kumar, L Lidgren
OBJECTIVES: We have observed clinical cases where bone is formed in the overlaying muscle covering surgically created bone defects treated with a hydroxyapatite/calcium sulphate biomaterial. Our objective was to investigate the osteoinductive potential of the biomaterial and to determine if growth factors secreted from local bone cells induce osteoblastic differentiation of muscle cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We seeded mouse skeletal muscle cells C2C12 on the hydroxyapatite/calcium sulphate biomaterial and the phenotype of the cells was analysed...
October 2016: Bone & Joint Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779644/all-trans-retinoic-acid-shifts-rosiglitazone-induced-adipogenic-differentiation-to-osteogenic-differentiation-in-mouse-embryonic-fibroblasts
#10
Ying Shao, Qian-Zhao Chen, Yu-Hua Zeng, Yang Li, Wen-Yan Ren, Lin-Yun Zhou, Rong-Xin Liu, Ke Wu, Jun-Qing Yang, Zhong-Liang Deng, Yu Yu, Wen-Juan Sun, Bai-Cheng He
Rosiglitazone (RSG) is a potent drug used in the treatment of insulin resistance; however, it is associated with marked skeletal toxicity. RSG-induced osteoporosis may contribute to the promotion of adipogenic differentiation at the expense of osteogenic differentiation in bone marrow stromal cells. The aim of this study was to investigate whether RSG-induced bone toxicity can be reversed by combined treatment with all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA). We examined different osteogenic markers in mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) following treatment with RSG, ATRA, or RSG and ATRA in combination...
December 2016: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763962/the-role-of-radiographs-and-office-visits-in-the-follow-up-of-healed-intertrochanteric-hip-fractures-an-economic-analysis
#11
Harish Kempegowda, Raveesh Richard, Amrut Borade, Akhil Tawari, Abby M Howenstein, Erik N Kubiak, Michael Suk, Daniel S Horwitz
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role and the necessity of radiographs and office visits obtained during follow-up of intertrochanteric hip injuries. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Two level I trauma centers. PATIENTS: Four hundred sixty-five elderly patients who were surgically treated for an intertrochanteric fracture of the femur at 2 level I trauma centers between January 2009 and August 2014 were retrospectively identified from orthopaedic trauma databases...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756094/the-complex-gnas-imprinted-locus-and-mesenchymal-stem-cells-differentiation
#12
F M Elli, V Boldrin, A Pirelli, A Spada, G Mantovani
All tissues and organs derive from stem cells, which are undifferentiated cells able to differentiate into specialized cells and self-renewal. In mammals, there are embryonic stem cells that generate germ layers, and adult stem cells, which act as a repair system for the body and maintain the normal turnover of regenerative organs. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are nonhematopoietic adult multipotent cells, which reside in virtually all postnatal organs and tissues, and, under appropriate in vitro conditions, are capable to differentiate into osteogenic, adipogenic, chondrogenic, myogenic, and neurogenic lineages...
October 18, 2016: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708134/surgical-excision-of-heterotopic-ossification-leads-to-re-emergence-of-mesenchymal-stem-cell-populations-responsible-for-recurrence
#13
Shailesh Agarwal, Shawn Loder, David Cholok, John Li, Chris Breuler, James Drake, Cameron Brownley, Joshua Peterson, Shuli Li, Benjamin Levi
: : Trauma-induced heterotopic ossification (HO) occurs after severe musculoskeletal injuries and burns, and presents a significant barrier to patient rehabilitation. Interestingly, the incidence of HO significantly increases with repeated operations and after resection of previous HO. Treatment of established heterotopic ossification is challenging because surgical excision is often incomplete, with evidence of persistent heterotopic bone. As a result, patients may continue to report the signs or symptoms of HO, including chronic pain, nonhealing wounds, and joint restriction...
October 5, 2016: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693496/ossification-of-the-posterior-ligament-is-mediated-by-osterix-via-inhibition-of-the-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling-pathway
#14
Lei Shi, Guodong Cai, Jiangang Shi, Yongfei Guo, Dechun Chen, Deyu Chen, Haisong Yang
Ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) involves ectopic calcification of the spinal ligament preferentially at the cervical spine. OPLL is associated with different diseases and occurs by endochondral ossification, which is associated with the activity of different transcription factors. However, the pathogenesis of OPLL remains unclear. Here, we investigated the role of osterix (Osx), a transcription factor that functions downstream of Runx2 and is an important regulator of osteogenesis, in the process of OPLL in a dexamethasone (Dex)-induced model of spinal ligament ossification...
September 29, 2016: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690279/ectopic-models-for-endochondral-ossification-comparing-pellet-and-alginate-bead-culture-methods
#15
Holly E Weiss-Bilka, Megan E McGann, Matthew J Meagher, Ryan K Roeder, Diane R Wagner
Key aspects of native endochondral bone development and fracture healing can be mimicked in mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) through standard in vitro chondrogenic induction. Exploiting this phenomenon has recently emerged as an attractive technique to engineer bone tissue, however relatively little is known about the best conditions for doing so. The objective of this study was to compare the bone forming capacity and angiogenic induction of hypertrophic cell constructs containing human adipose-derived stem cells (hASCs) primed for chondrogenesis in two different culture systems: high-density pellets and alginate bead hydrogels...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670695/the-role-of-dickkopf-1-in-joint-remodeling-and-fibrosis-a-link-connecting-spondyloarthropathies-and-scleroderma
#16
REVIEW
Kalliopi Klavdianou, Stamatis-Nick Liossis, Lazaros Sakkas, Dimitrios Daoussis
BACKGROUND: Dickkopf-1 (Dkk-1) is a soluble inhibitor of the canonical Wnt pathway, which plays critical roles in embryonic development. Evidence suggests that this molecule regulates several aspects of both bone biology and fibrosis. OBJECTIVES: To provide an overview of our current knowledge of the role of Dkk-1 in joint remodeling and fibrosis. METHODS: We performed an electronic search (Medline) using the following key words: Dickkopf-1 (or Dkk-1), new bone formation, joint remodeling, ankylosing spondylitis, systemic sclerosis (or scleroderma), and fibrosis, supplemented by a manual search of references from retrieved articles...
August 23, 2016: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27667570/osteoblast-differentiation-at-a-glance
#17
Arkady Rutkovskiy, Kåre-Olav Stensløkken, Ingvar Jarle Vaage
Ossification is a tightly regulated process, performed by specialized cells called osteoblasts. Dysregulation of this process may cause inadequate or excessive mineralization of bones or ectopic calcification, all of which have grave consequences for human health. Understanding osteoblast biology may help to treat diseases such as osteogenesis imperfecta, calcific heart valve disease, osteoporosis, and many others. Osteoblasts are bone-building cells of mesenchymal origin; they differentiate from mesenchymal progenitors, either directly or via an osteochondroprogenitor...
September 26, 2016: Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621556/bone-formation-of-human-mesenchymal-stem-cells-harvested-from-reaming-debris-is-stimulated-by-low-dose-bone-morphogenetic-protein-7-application-in-vivo
#18
Fabian Westhauser, Melanie Höllig, Bruno Reible, Kai Xiao, Gerhard Schmidmaier, Arash Moghaddam
Stimulation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) by bone morphogenetic protein-7 (BMP-7) leads to superior bone formation in vitro. In this in vivo-study we evaluated the use of BMP-7 in combination with MSC isolated from reaming debris (RIA-MSC) and iliac crest bone marrow (BMSC) with micro-computed tomography (mCT)-analysis. β-Tricalciumphosphate scaffolds coated with BMSC and RIA-MSC were stimulated with three different BMP-7-concentrations and implanted ectopically in severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) mice...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611796/extensive-ossification-of-the-paraspinal-ligaments-in-a-patient-with-vitamin-d-resistant-rickets-case-report-with-literature-review
#19
Yujiro Hirao, Hirotaka Chikuda, Yasushi Oshima, Yoshitaka Matsubayashi, Sakae Tanaka
INTRODUCTION: Ectopic ossification of the spinal ligaments is not uncommon in patients with Vitamin D-resistant rickets (VDRR), but the long-term consequences of this condition have not been reported. PRESENTATION OF CASE: The case was a 65-year-old female with VDRR who reported progressive weakness of the upper extremities, difficulty walking, neck pain, and numbness in the left arm. Imaging studies demonstrated cord compression with ectopic ossification at the rim of the occipital bone and OPLL at C1 level...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27510797/chemical-modification-of-extracellular-matrix-by-cold-atmospheric-plasma-generated-reactive-species-affects-chondrogenesis-and-bone-formation
#20
Peter Eisenhauer, Natalie Chernets, You Song, Danil Dobrynin, Nancy Pleshko, Marla J Steinbeck, Theresa A Freeman
The goal of this study was to investigate whether cold plasma generated by dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) modifies extracellular matrices (ECM) to influence chondrogenesis and endochondral ossification. Replacement of cartilage by bone during endochondral ossification is essential in fetal skeletal development, bone growth and fracture healing. Regulation of this process by the ECM occurs through matrix remodelling, involving a variety of cell attachment molecules and growth factors, which influence cell morphology and protein expression...
September 2016: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
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