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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936963/-application-of-self-made-guidance-for-difficult-gastric-tube-placement-in-patients-with-artificial-airway
#1
Xiaojie Chen, Jinchao Zhang, Wenxiu Li, Yiqing Jiang, Lingzhi Lin
OBJECTIVE: To use evidence-based nursing on patients with artificial airway to the practice of stomach tube, and to evaluate the self made guidance for difficult gastric tube placement in patients with artificial airway. METHODS: Forty patients with artificial airway and were difficult to put the tube, and admitted to Department of Critical Care Medicine of Harrison International Peace Hospital Affiliated to Hebei Medical University from April to December in 2016 were enrolled as observation group...
September 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935393/the-effectiveness-of-psychological-interventions-on-self-care-psychological-and-health-outcomes-in-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Ying Jiang, Shefaly Shorey, Betsy Seah, Wanxian Chan, Wilson Wai San Tam, Wenru Wang
OBJECTIVE: To review the evidence to determine the effects of psychological interventions on self-care and psychological and health outcomes in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). METHODS: We evaluated the effectiveness of randomized controlled trials using psychological methods or theory on self-care behaviors, anxiety and depression levels, HRQoL, and physical function. Studies published in English, from January 2006 to December 2016, were considered. We searched published and unpublished studies in the following electronic databases: CINAHL, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, PubMed, PsycINFO, Scopus, Web of Science, and ProQuest Dissertations and Theses...
August 19, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935129/environmental-design-for-end-of-life-care-an-integrative-review-on-improving-quality-of-life-and-managing-symptoms-for-patients-in-institutional-settings
#3
REVIEW
Rana Sagha Zadeh, Paul Eshelman, Judith Setla, Laura Kennedy, Emily Hon, Aleksa Basara
CONTEXT: The environment in which end-of-life care is delivered can support or detract from the physical, psychological, social, and spiritual needs of patients, their families, and their caretakers. OBJECTIVES: This review aims to organize and analyze the existing evidence related to environmental design factors that improve the quality of life and total well-being of people involved in end-of-life care and to clarify directions for future research. METHOD: This integrated literature review synthesized and summarized research evidence from the fields of medicine, environmental psychology, nursing, palliative care, architecture, interior design, and evidence-based design...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934894/factors-associated-with-unplanned-extubation-in-children-a-case-control-study
#4
Paulo Sérgio Lucas da Silva, Marcelo Cunio Machado Fonseca
PURPOSE: Although several studies assess unplanned extubation (UE) in children, few have addressed determinants of UE and factors associated with reintubation in a case-controlled manner. We aimed to identify the risk factors and outcomes associated with UE in a pediatric intensive care unit. METHODS: Cases of UE were randomly matched with control patients at a ratio of 1:4 for age, severity of illness, and admission diagnosis. For cases and controls, we also collected data associated with UE events, reintubation, and outcomes...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933805/perioperative-administration-of-buffered-versus-non-buffered-crystalloid-intravenous-fluid-to-improve-outcomes-following-adult-surgical-procedures
#5
REVIEW
Sohail Bampoe, Peter M Odor, Ahilanandan Dushianthan, Elliott Bennett-Guerrero, Suzie Cro, Tong J Gan, Michael Pw Grocott, Michael Fm James, Michael G Mythen, Catherine Mn O'Malley, Anthony M Roche, Kathy Rowan, Edward Burdett
BACKGROUND: Perioperative fluid strategies influence clinical outcomes following major surgery. Many intravenous fluid preparations are based on simple solutions, such as normal saline, that feature an electrolyte composition that differs from that of physiological plasma. Buffered fluids have a theoretical advantage of containing a substrate that acts to maintain the body's acid-base status - typically a bicarbonate or a bicarbonate precursor such as maleate, gluconate, lactate, or acetate...
September 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931480/a-literature-review-of-mentorship-programs-in-academic-nursing
#6
REVIEW
Lorelli Nowell, Jill M Norris, Kelly Mrklas, Deborah E White
BACKGROUND: Nursing education institutions have issued recurring, global calls for mentorship; however, evidence-based program development guidance is scarce. To date, there are no comprehensive syntheses of current mentorship models, objectives, and program components to inform mentorship program development in nursing academia. The purpose of this review is to identify published articles that (1) described models for mentoring programs for academic nurses, and (2) described the objectives and core components of these programs...
September 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931478/precepting-a-literature-review
#7
REVIEW
Amanda Ward, Sara McComb
The purpose of this literature review is to examine studies evaluating preceptorships within nursing orientation or education programs. Nursing education in the classroom focuses on the theoretical aspect of nursing care as opposed to the clinical experience of nursing education that allows for the hands-on practical experience of nursing. The clinical experience is an integral part of the education process for both students and experienced nurses at various career transitions. Quality clinical experiences require practice partnerships, particularly in the form of preceptorships...
September 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930816/a-comparative-study-of-interprofessional-education-in-global-health-care-a-systematic-review
#8
Chulani Herath, Yangfeng Zhou, Yong Gan, Naomie Nakandawire, Yanghong Gong, Zuxun Lu
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) and its partners identify interprofessional (IP) collaboration in education and practice as an innovative strategy that plays an important role in mitigating the global health workforce crisis. Evidence on the practice of global health level in interprofessional education (IPE) is scarce and hampered due to the absence of aggregate information. Therefore, this systematic review was conducted to examine the incidences of IPE and summarize the main features about the IPE programs in undergraduate and postgraduate education in developed and developing countries...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928262/the-use-of-speaking-valves-in-children-with-tracheostomy-tubes-what-is-the-scope-of-the-literature
#9
Weeda Zabih, Theresa Holler, Faiza Syed, Laurie Russell, Jennifer Allegro, Reshma Amin
One-way speaking valves have been successfully used to restore audible meaningful speech in adult patients after tracheostomy tube placement. One-way speaking valves have also been used in pediatric patients after tracheostomy tube placement with promising results. We conducted a scoping review to synthesize and summarize the current evidence on the use of one-way tracheostomy tube speaking valves in the pediatric population to identify knowledge gaps that could inform future research programs and facilitate evidence-based clinical decision making...
September 19, 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927507/providing-physical-care-to-persons-with-serious-mental-illness-attitudes-confidence-barriers-and-psychological-empowerment
#10
Margaret Knight, Paula Bolton, Lynne Kopeski
The prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in people with serious mental illness (SMI) has been well documented in the mental health literature. Despite the adoption of various guidelines for monitoring risk factors for diabetes and cardiovascular risk in this population, limited translation has occurred in actual practice (Hermes, Sernyak, & Rosenheck, 2013). The Institute of Medicine (IoM) (2009) has noted a lag time in the application of knowledge within clinical settings. Evidence-based practice was deemed as a means of improving healthcare outcomes through the use of science supported standards of care...
October 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927235/the-effect-of-complex-interventions-on-supporting-self-care-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Kwan Ching Wong, Frances Kam Yuet Wong, W F Yeung, Katherine Chang
Background: self-care is critical to enable community-dwelling older adults to live independently. Complex interventions have emerged as a strategy to support self-care, but their effectiveness is unknown. Our objective was to review systematically their effectiveness on both positive (increased scores in self-rated health, Activities of Daily Living, Instrumental Activities of Daily Living, quality of life) and negative aspects (increased incidence of falls, fear of falling, hospital and nursing home admission, increased depression score), and to determine which intervention components explain the observed effects...
September 13, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926820/guided-university-debate-effect-of-a-new-teaching-learning-strategy-for-undergraduate-nursing-students
#12
Marta Arrue, Saloa Unanue, David Merida
BACKGROUND: A number of studies have shown that the traditional lecture suffers from limitations in the development of many important competencies such as reasoning ability for nursing professionals. OBJECTIVES: In view of this issue, the authors present a promising alternative to the traditional lecture: the Guided University Debate (GUD). With regard to this aim a teaching-learning sequence of schizophrenia is described based on the GUD. Next, the improvement in the argumentative and declarative knowledge of the students who have participated in the said methodology is demonstrated...
September 5, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926754/training-needs-analysis-the-essential-first-step-for-continuing-professional-development-design
#13
Kathryn Holloway, Kerri Arcus, Georgina Orsborn
Nursing services are expected to be dynamic in response to changing health care needs. This expectation requires the purposeful and effective development of nursing workforce capability through continuing professional development (CPD). An evidence based approach to training needs analysis (TNA) is a highly recommended yet often missing first step in designing a CPD strategy for service improvement. This study used the Hicks-Hennessey questionnaire, a validated TNA tool to inform regional educational commissioning to meet the aims of a community social sector trial (SST) project...
September 5, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926150/facilitation-of-child-health-research-in-hospital-settings-the-views-of-nurses
#14
J Brown, O Barr, M Lindsay, E Ennis, S O'Neill
BACKGROUND: Child health research in clinical practice is increasing throughout the UK. Nurses and midwives facilitate access to patients, enact research study protocols and have a critical role in parental decisions to enrol children into research studies. Little is known about their perception of this process. AIMS & OBJECTIVES: To explore the views of nurses towards child health research and to identify factors influencing their willingness to facilitate it in practice...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926146/nurses-clinical-reasoning-practices-that-support-safe-medication-administration-an-integrative-review-of-the-literature
#15
REVIEW
Emily Rohde, Elizabeth Domm
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To review current literature about nurses' clinical reasoning practices that support safe medication administration. BACKGROUND: The literature about medication administration frequently focuses on avoiding medication errors. Nurses' clinical reasoning used during medication administration to maintain medication safety receives less attention in the literature. As health care professionals, nurses work closely with patients, assessing and intervening to promote mediation safety prior to, during and after medication administration...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925929/canadian-guidelines-for-controlled-pediatric-donation-after-circulatory-determination-of-death-summary-report
#16
Matthew J Weiss, Laura Hornby, Bram Rochwerg, Michael van Manen, Sonny Dhanani, V Ben Sivarajan, Amber Appleby, Mary Bennett, Daniel Buchman, Catherine Farrell, Aviva Goldberg, Rebecca Greenberg, Ram Singh, Thomas A Nakagawa, William Witteman, Jill Barter, Allon Beck, Kevin Coughlin, Alf Conradi, Cynthia Cupido, Rosanne Dawson, Anne Dipchand, Darren Freed, Karen Hornby, Valerie Langlois, Cheryl Mack, Meagan Mahoney, Deepak Manhas, Christopher Tomlinson, Samara Zavalkoff, Sam D Shemie
OBJECTIVES: Create trustworthy, rigorous, national clinical practice guidelines for the practice of pediatric donation after circulatory determination of death in Canada. METHODS: We followed a process of clinical practice guideline development based on World Health Organization and Canadian Medical Association methods. This included application of Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation methodology. Questions requiring recommendations were generated based on 1) 2006 Canadian donation after circulatory determination of death guidelines (not pediatric specific), 2) a multidisciplinary symposium of national and international pediatric donation after circulatory determination of death leaders, and 3) a scoping review of the pediatric donation after circulatory determination of death literature...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923988/contemporary-management-of-cardiogenic-shock-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association
#17
REVIEW
Sean van Diepen, Jason N Katz, Nancy M Albert, Timothy D Henry, Alice K Jacobs, Navin K Kapur, Ahmet Kilic, Venu Menon, E Magnus Ohman, Nancy K Sweitzer, Holger Thiele, Jeffrey B Washam, Mauricio G Cohen
Cardiogenic shock is a high-acuity, potentially complex, and hemodynamically diverse state of end-organ hypoperfusion that is frequently associated with multisystem organ failure. Despite improving survival in recent years, patient morbidity and mortality remain high, and there are few evidence-based therapeutic interventions known to clearly improve patient outcomes. This scientific statement on cardiogenic shock summarizes the epidemiology, pathophysiology, causes, and outcomes of cardiogenic shock; reviews contemporary best medical, surgical, mechanical circulatory support, and palliative care practices; advocates for the development of regionalized systems of care; and outlines future research priorities...
September 18, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922284/improving-program-nclex-pass-rates-strategies-from-one-state-board-of-nursing
#18
Joan Libner, Sandra Kubala
AIM: This article describes the response of the Illinois Board of Nursing to an escalating number of prelicensure nursing programs with low National Council Licensure Examination (NCLEX) pass rates. The response aligns with stipulations of the Illinois Nurse Practice Act and best practices. BACKGROUND: NCLEX success is crucial to launching the careers of nursing graduates and to maintaining approval status of prelicensure programs by state regulatory bodies. Boards strive to guide programs with low pass rates fairly and consistently...
September 15, 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921886/clinical-practices-and-attitudes-regarding-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-heart-failure-findings-from-the-core-needs-assessment-survey
#19
Jonathan Howlett, Josep Comin-Colet, Kenneth Dickstein, Ahmet Fuat, Gerhard Pölzl, Sean Delaney
AIMS: CORE is a continuing medical education initiative designed to support the evidence-based management of heart failure (HF) in the primary and secondary care settings. The goal of the CORE Needs Assessment Survey is to describe current clinical practice patterns and attitudes among global stakeholders in HF care. METHODS AND RESULTS: The CORE Steering Committee guided the development of survey questions to assess clinical practice, confidence, and attitudes/perceptions among cardiologists, primary care physicians, and nurses involved in HF management...
September 18, 2017: ESC Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919380/establishing-a-hospital-based-fracture-liaison-service-to-prevent-secondary-insufficiency-fractures
#20
REVIEW
Shahryar Noordin, Salim Allana, Bassam A Masri
Insufficiency fracture care requires more than surgery to ensure rapid and strong union with diminished chance of future fractures. The FLS program provides an opportunity to treat osteoporosis from a public health perspective rather than leaving this to the whims of individual physicians. This is achieved by providing a seamless integration of care by health care providers, nursing staff and administration. The FLS can be adapted to any model of care including academic health systems. FLS provides a holistic approach to identify patients as well as to provide evidence-based interventions to prevent subsequent fractures...
September 12, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
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