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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320062/gastrointestinal-verrucous-cell-carcinoma-vcc-of-the-esophagus-a-rare-variant-of-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-scc
#1
R Cox, C Welch, D Cameron, E Roche
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320055/global-trends-in-esophageal-cancer
#2
Gautam K Malhotra, Ujwal Yanala, Advaitaa Ravipati, Matthew Follet, M Vijayakumar, Chandrakanth Are
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Esophageal Cancer (EC) is a lethal malignancy with poor prognosis and significant variations in the incidence, mortality, and histopathology based on geographic regions. The aim of this study was to quantitatively analyze these variations to identify patterns and areas for further research. METHODS: We utilized the GLOBOCAN 2012, and Cancer Incidence in five Continents, Volume X (CI5X) database to analyze variations in EC incidence and mortality...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319947/effects-of-capsaicin-on-older-patients-with-oropharyngeal-dysphagia-a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-crossover-study
#3
Rui Nakato, Noriaki Manabe, Sayako Shimizu, Kozo Hanayama, Akiko Shiotani, Jiro Hata, Ken Haruma
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The standard of care for older patients with oropharyngeal dysphagia (OD) is poor. Stimulation of transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 might become a pharmacological strategy for these patients. This study aimed to compare the therapeutic effect of film food containing 0.75 µg of capsaicin in these patients. METHODS: In a crossover, randomized trial, 49 patients with OD were provided capsaicin or identical placebo at least 7 days apart. Patients' reported symptoms during repeated swallowing, the volume, pH and substance P (SP) concentrations in saliva, and cervical esophageal wall motion evaluated by ultrasonographic tissue Doppler imaging were obtained before and after capsaicin or placebo administration...
March 21, 2017: Digestion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319605/evaluation-of-esophagitis-using-endoscopic-narrow-band-imaging
#4
Amber McClain, Catalina Jaramillo, Raza A Patel, Jacob Robson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319604/eosinophilic-esophagitis-and-celiac-disease-a-true-association-or-coincidence
#5
Runa Diwadkar Watkins, Samra S Blanchard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319561/pediatric-enteric-neuropathies-diagnosis-and-current-management
#6
Maggie L Westfal, Allan M Goldstein
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Neurointestinal diseases are increasingly recognized as causes of significant gastrointestinal morbidity in children. This review highlights the most common pediatric enteric neuropathies and their diagnosis and management, emphasizing insights and discoveries from the most recent literature available. RECENT FINDINGS: The embryologic and histopathologic causes of enteric neuropathies are varied. They range from congenital aganglionosis in Hirschsprung disease, to autoimmune-mediated loss of neuronal subtypes in esophageal achalasia and Chagas disease, to degenerative neuropathies in some cases of chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction and gastroparesis...
March 17, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319330/flap-endonuclease-1-rs174538-g-a-polymorphisms-are-associated-with-the-risk-of-esophageal-cancer-in-a-chinese-population
#7
Yonghua Sang, Lin Bo, Haiyong Gu, Wengtao Yang, Yongbing Chen
BACKGROUND: Esophageal cancer has a high mortality rate, particularly in Asia, and there are obvious racial differences in regard to incidence. The purpose of our study was to assess the genetic susceptibility of functional single nucleotide polymorphisms in flap endonuclease-1 (FEN1) in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma ESCC. METHODS: Clinical blood samples of 629 ESCC cases and 686 control samples were collected. The ligation detection reaction method was used to determine FEN 1 rs174538 G>A genotypes...
March 20, 2017: Thoracic Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319162/risk-of-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-patients-with-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#8
Wei-Yi Lei, Jen-Hung Wang, Shu-Hui Wen, Chih-Hsun Yi, Jui-Sheng Hung, Tso-Tsai Liu, William C Orr, Chien-Lin Chen
OBJECTIVE: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a common disease which can cause troublesome symptoms and affect quality of life. In addition to esophageal complications, GERD may also be a risk factor for extra-esophageal complications. Both GERD and coronary artery disease (CAD) can cause chest pain and frequently co-exist. However, the association between GERD and acute myocardial infarction (AMI) remain unclear. The purpose of the study was to compare the incidence of acute myocardial infarction in GERD patients with an age-, gender-, and comorbidity matched population free of GERD...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318818/twitch-mouth-pressure-for-detecting-respiratory-muscle-weakness-in-suspicion-of-neuromuscular-disorder
#9
Dante Brasil Santos, Gilbert Desmarais, Line Falaize, Adam Ogna, Sandrine Cognet, Bruno Louis, David Orlikowski, Hélène Prigent, Frédéric Lofaso
Twitch mouth pressure using magnetic stimulation of the phrenic nerves and an automated inspiratory trigger is a noninvasive, non-volitional assessment of diaphragmatic strength. Our aims were to validate this method in patients with suspected neuromuscular disease, to determine the best inspiratory-trigger pressure threshold, and to evaluate whether twitch mouth pressure decreased the overdiagnosis of muscle weakness frequently observed with noninvasive volitional tests. Maximal inspiratory pressure, sniff nasal pressure, and twitch mouth pressure were measured in 112 patients with restrictive disease and suspected neuromuscular disorder...
February 2, 2017: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318704/esophagitis-caused-by-l-arginine-capsule-retention-presentation-of-four-cases
#10
G Blanco-Rodríguez, R Reyes-Retana, G Varela-Fascinetto, S Graham-Pontones
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 16, 2017: Revista de Gastroenterología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318598/pediatric-eating-assessment-tool-10-as-an-indicator-to-predict-aspiration-in-children-with-esophageal-atresia
#11
Tutku Soyer, Sule Yalcin, Selen Serel Arslan, Numan Demir, Feridun Cahit Tanyel
AIM: Airway aspiration is a common problem in children with esophageal atresia (EA). Pediatric Eating Assessment Tool-10 (pEAT-10) is a self-administered questionnaire to evaluate dysphagia symptoms in children. A prospective study was performed to evaluate the validity of pEAT-10 to predict aspiration in children with EA. METHODS: Patients with EA were evaluated for age, sex, type of atresia, presence of associated anomalies, type of esophageal repair, time of definitive treatment, and the beginning of oral feeding...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318550/circular-stapling-versus-triangulating-stapling-for-the-cervical-esophagogastric-anastomosis-after-esophagectomy-in-patients-with-thoracic-esophageal-cancer-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Keiji Hayata, Mikihito Nakamori, Masaki Nakamura, Toshiyasu Ojima, Makoto Iwahashi, Masahiro Katsuda, Toshiaki Tsuji, Tomoya Kato, Jyunya Kitadani, Akihiro Takeuchi, Hirotaka Tabata, Hiroki Yamaue
BACKGROUND: Several studies have reported that the triangulating stapling method decreases the incidence of anastomotic stricture after esophagectomy, but no randomized, controlled trial has confirmed the efficacy of the triangulating stapling method for cervical esophagogastrostomy. We compared triangulating stapling and circular stapling for cervical esophagogastric anastomosis regarding the decrease in anastomotic stricture after esophagectomy for thoracic esophageal cancer. METHODS: Between August 2010 and April 2014, 100 patients enrolled in this randomized, controlled trial at the Wakayama Medical University Hospital were allocated randomly to either the circular stapling group (n = 49) or the triangulating stapling group (n = 51)...
March 15, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318189/evaluation-of-esophageal-injuries-secondary-to-ingestion-of-unlabeled-corrosive-substances-pediatric-case-series
#13
Gonul Kucuk, Gulnur Gollu, Ufuk Ates, Zeynep A Cakmak, Meltem Kologlu, Aydın Yagmurlu, Tanju Aktug, Huseyin Dindar, Ahmet M Cakmak
Esophageal or gastric injuries secondary to caustic substance ingestion is still an important issue in developing countries. Its clinical spectrum can vary from absence of mucosal injury to complications such as severe burns, strictures and perforation. Physical examination and first endoscopic evaluation are very important in the diagnosis. The objective of this study is to present 154 children who were undergone upper gastrointestinal endoscopy because of caustic substance ingestion including descaler, degreaser, unlabeled bleach, drain opener, surface cleaner, dishwasher rinse aid, hydrochloric acid...
April 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317607/nutritional-aspects-of-dysphagia-management
#14
C Gallegos, E Brito-de la Fuente, P Clavé, A Costa, G Assegehegn
This chapter describes the nutritional aspects of dysphagia management by starting with the definition of these two conditions (dysphagia and malnutrition) that share three main clinical characteristics: (a) their prevalence is very high, (b) they can lead to severe complications, and (c) they are frequently underrecognized and neglected conditions. From an anatomical standpoint, dysphagia can result from oropharyngeal and/or esophageal causes; from a pathophysiological perspective, dysphagia can be caused by organic or structural diseases (either benign or malignant) or diseases causing impaired physiology (mainly motility and/or perception disorders)...
2017: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317452/recent-advances-in-diagnostic-testing-for-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#15
Rishi D Naik, Michael F Vaezi
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) has a large economic burden with important complications that include esophagitis, Barrett's esophagus, and adenocarcinoma. Despite endoscopy, validated patient questionnaires, and traditional ambulatory pH monitoring, the diagnosis of GERD continues to be challenging. Areas covered: This review will explore the difficulties in diagnosing GERD with a focus on new developments, ranging from basic fundamental changes (histology and immunohistochemistry) to direct patient care (narrow-band imaging, impedance, and response to anti-reflux surgery)...
March 20, 2017: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317234/esophageal-stasis-in-achalasia-patients-without-symptoms-after-treatment-does-not-predict-symptom-recurrence
#16
F B van Hoeij, A J P M Smout, A J Bredenoord
BACKGROUND: After achalasia treatment, a subset of patients has poor esophageal emptying without having symptoms. There is no consensus on whether to pre-emptively treat these patients. We hypothesized that, if left untreated, these patients will experience earlier symptom recurrence than patients without stasis. METHODS: 99 treated achalasia patients who were in clinical remission (Eckardt ≤3) at 3 months after treatment were divided into two groups, based on presence or absence of esophageal stasis on a timed barium esophagogram performed after 3 months...
March 20, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317018/mucosal-breaks-show-same-circumferential-distribution-in-majority-of-patients-with-recurrent-reflux-esophagitis
#17
Naoki Fukuda, Norihisa Ishimura, Mayumi Okada, Daisuke Izumi, Hironobu Mikami, Eiko Okimoto, Masahito Aimi, Tsuyoshi Mishiro, Naoki Oshima, Shunji Ishihara, Yoshikazu Kinoshita
Background and study aims Esophageal mucosal breaks in patients with reflux esophagitis (RE) have a unique circumferential distribution. However, the specific location of mucosal breaks during recurrence of RE remains unclear. We investigated the circumferential distribution of mucosal breaks in patients with recurrent RE and compared their location to that noted at the initial diagnosis. Patients and methods We retrospectively enrolled patients with recurrent RE with Los Angeles (LA) grade A-C who were treated at our University Hospital between July 1996 and June 2014...
March 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316928/double-aortic-arch-diagnosed-in-a-44-year-old-woman-with-recurring-respiratory-infections
#18
Ana Fenández-Tena, Cristina Martínez-González
Complete vascular rings are originated because of the persistence of the fourth aortic arches, which surround the trachea and esophagus partially or completely, compressing them. The most common type of complete vascular ring is the double aortic arch. Symptoms usually appear in the first months of life, and are provoked by esophageal and tracheal compression. The diagnosis is usually made through the chest X-ray and the esophagogram in patients with dysphagia. We present a case in which the diagnosis of a double aortic arch was made in adulthood, suspected through a spirometry test and a chest X-ray...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316321/analyzing-esophageal-squamous-cell-papillomas-for-the-presence-of-human-papilloma-virus
#19
Arzu Tiftikçi, Eser Kutsal, Ender Altıok, Ümit İnce, Bahattin Çicek, Murat Saruç, Nurten Türkel, Özdal Ersoy, Güven Yenmiş, Nurdan Tözün
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) infection can be a predisposing condition for the development of squamous cell papilloma (SCP) of the esophagus, which can progress to dysplasia and to carcinoma as a result of chronic infection. The aim of the present study was to search for the presence of HPV in the esophageal SCP, and to genotype the detected HPV. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from patients with definite diagnosis of SCP of the esophagus were identified from pathology records for two years period at different Hospitals...
March 17, 2017: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316223/-biweekly-paclitaxel-and-platinum-chemotherapy-followed-by-surgery-for-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#20
L Z Zhang, W W Li, C X Cui, H T Zhang, Y Song, Y S Mao, J Huang
Objective: To evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of biweekly paclitaxel and platinum chemotherapy followed by surgery for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the clinicopathological data of 20 patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma treated in our hospital between January 2012 and March 2016. All patients received biweekly paclitaxel and platinum chemotherapy followed by surgery. Results: 20 cases received preoperative chemotherapy for 3-8 cycles with an average of 4 cycles...
March 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
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