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Paraesophageal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887643/distribution-of-fdg-avid-nodes-in-esophageal-cancer-implications-for-radiotherapy-target-delineation
#1
Brandon Garcia, Karyn A Goodman, Lajhem Cambridge, Mark Dunphy, Abraham J Wu
PURPOSE: Clinical target volumes (CTV) for radiotherapy (RT) in esophageal cancer (EC) are based on standard expansions of primary tumor volume. Data is needed to define regions at highest risk for occult disease, based on histology and location of the primary tumor. We therefore reviewed PET scans in EC patients to characterize the location of FDG-avid lymph node metastases (LNM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We identified 473 EC patients with reviewable pre-treatment PET-CT scans...
November 25, 2016: Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875096/paraesophageal-hernia-repair-techniques-for-success
#2
Tyler D Cohn, Nathaniel J Soper
With the introduction of laparoscopy, the outcomes of patients undergoing paraesophageal hernia repair have improved dramatically. When the fundamentals of a proper repair are followed, patients can expect to have improvement in gastroesophageal reflux symptoms, including heartburn, regurgitation, chest pain, dysphagia, and dyspnea. Adhering to these principles will alleviate patients' symptoms and avoid reoperation. This article describes the approach to paraesophageal hernia repair, including patient evaluation, operative technique, and postoperative management...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788723/-value-of-endoscopic-ultrasound-in-early-diagnosis-of-gastroesophageal-varices-in-patients-with-liver-cirrhosis
#3
C Y Wang, B Jiang, J Li, S Li, D S Hu, J Wei, X L Guo, W Lu
Objective: To investigate the value of endoscopic ultrasound in the early diagnosis of gastroesophageal varices in patients with liver cirrhosis. Methods: A total of 74 patients with liver cirrhosis who were not found to have esophageal or gastric varices by conventional endoscopic examination were enrolled. Endoscopic ultrasound was performed to evaluate its value in the early diagnosis of gastroesophageal varices in patients with liver cirrhosis. The Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-parametric data between groups, and a one-way analysis of variance was used for comparison between multiple groups; the Pearson simple correlation coefficient was used for correlation analysis...
September 20, 2016: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779972/a-durable-laparoscopic-technique-for-the-repair-of-large-paraesophageal-hernias
#4
Jessica L Reynolds, Joerg Zehetner, Nikolai Bildzukewicz, Namir Katkhouda, John C Lipham
Laparoscopic repair of large paraesophageal hernias has been challenging due to high recurrence rates with primary repair and complications associated with the use of nonabsorbable mesh to reinforce the hiatus. The aim of our study was to evaluate the recurrence rate over time and mesh-related complications using an absorbable polyglactin mesh secured with Bioglue to reinforce the hiatus after laparoscopic repair of large paraesophageal hernias. There were 190 patients who met inclusion criteria from June 2006 to June 2014...
October 2016: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741102/hepatocellular-carcinoma-after-the-fontan-procedure-in-a-16-year-old-girl-a-case-report
#5
Chaeyoun Oh, Joong Kee Youn, Ji-Won Han, Gi Beom Kim, Hyun-Young Kim, Sung-Eun Jung
INTRODUCTION: The Fontan procedure (FP) has become the standard operation for patients with single ventricle physiology. However, a long period of elevated systemic venous pressure and low cardiac output after the procedure result in chronic inflammation and liver cirrhosis, which may eventually lead to the occurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). CLINICAL FINDINGS: We described the case of a 16-year-old female who developed HCC after the FP. At 21 months, the patient received a lateral tunnel FP, and 14 years later, she began complaining of abdominal distension, telangiectasia, and fatigue...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27735810/late-presentation-of-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia
#6
Nazan Ülgen-Tekerek, Başak Akyıldız, Alper Özcan, Ayşe Betül Ergül, Cüneyt Turan, Serdal Özcan
Late presentation of congenital diaphragmatic hernia is 5-30% of all congenital diaphragma hernia cases. It can present as Morgagni, Bochdalek and paraesophageal hernia. Misdiagnosis can result in significant morbiditiy. A 17-month-old girl presented with vomiting and abdominal pain. On physical examination, circulatory disturbance, cyanosis, abdominal distantion were present. Her O2 saturation was 60% and she was tachycardic (180 bpm) and tachypneic (58 bpm) with hypotension (60/35 mmhg). Patient's heart and mediastinum were shifted into the right hemithorax on the chest X-ray...
November 2015: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734004/multiple-ascending-aortic-mural-thrombi-and-acute-necrotizing-mediastinitis-secondary-to-acute-pancreatitis
#7
Byung Kwon Chong, Jae Kwang Yun, Joon Bum Kim, Do Hyun Park
The formation of aortic thrombi is an extremely rare complication of acute pancreatitis. Here we report a case of acute pancreatitis complicated by a paraesophageal pseudocyst, necrotizing mediastinitis, and the formation of multiple thrombi in the ascending aorta. The patient was successfully treated by surgical therapy, which included extensive debridement of the mediastinum and removal of the aortic thrombi under cardiopulmonary bypass. Although esophageal resection was not carried out concomitantly, the lesions were resolved and the patient remained free of complications over 2 years of follow-up care...
October 2016: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699515/a-5-item-frailty-index-based-on-nsqip-data-correlates-with-outcomes-following-paraesophageal-hernia-repair
#8
Munyaradzi Chimukangara, Melissa C Helm, Matthew J Frelich, Matthew E Bosler, Lisa E Rein, Aniko Szabo, Jon C Gould
BACKGROUND: Frailty is a measure of physiologic reserve associated with increased vulnerability to adverse outcomes following surgery in older adults. The 'accumulating deficits' model of frailty has been applied to the NSQIP database, and an 11-item modified frailty index (mFI) has been validated. We developed a condensed 5-item frailty index and used this to assess the relationship between frailty and outcomes in patients undergoing paraesophageal hernia (PEH) repair. METHODS: The NSQIP database was queried for ICD-9 and CPT codes associated with PEH repair...
October 3, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595155/the-optimal-approach-to-symptomatic-paraesophageal-hernia-repair-important-technical-considerations
#9
REVIEW
Jessica A Zaman, Anne O Lidor
While the asymptomatic paraesophageal hernia (PEH) can be observed safely, surgery is indicated for symptomatic hernias. Laparoscopic repair is associated with decreased morbidity and mortality; however, it is associated with a higher rate of radiologic recurrence when compared with the open approach. Though a majority of patients experience good symptomatic relief from laparoscopic repair, strict adherence to good technique is critical to minimize recurrence. The fundamental steps of laparoscopic PEH repair include adequate mediastinal mobilization of the esophagus, tension-free approximation of the diaphragmatic crura, and gastric fundoplication...
October 2016: Current Gastroenterology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594947/transsplenic-portal-vein-reconstruction-transjugular-intrahepatic-portosystemic-shunt-in-a-patient-with-portal-and-splenic-vein-thrombosis
#10
Jason T Salsamendi, Francisco J Gortes, Michelle Shnayder, Mehul H Doshi, Ji Fan, Govindarajan Narayanan
Portal vein thrombosis (PVT) is a potential complication of cirrhosis and can worsen outcomes after liver transplant (LT). Portal vein reconstruction-transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (PVR-TIPS) can restore flow through the portal vein (PV) and facilitate LT by avoiding complex vascular conduits. We present a case of transsplenic PVR-TIPS in the setting of complete PVT and splenic vein (SV) thrombosis. The patient had a 3-year history of PVT complicated by abdominal pain, ascites, and paraesophageal varices...
September 2016: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27554384/gastric-necrosis-secondary-to-strangulated-giant-paraesophic-hiatal-hernia
#11
José Ángel Díez Ares, Nuria Peris Tomás, Nuria Estellés Vidagany, Dolores Periáñez Gómez
Asymptomatic giant hiatal hernia comprises a relatively common disease, mostly presented in women with 50 years onwards. The therapeutic approach remains controversial in recent years. Under the latest SAGES`revision, all the symptomatic hernias must be repaired, but the symptomatic hiatal hernia definition isn`t even now established. We present the case os a A 67 - year old woman with an asymptomatic hiatal hernia, that is admitted to our hospital owing to toracic and abdominal pain. This pain was related with food intake for 6 months...
August 2016: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27492355/non-elective-paraesophageal-hernia-repair-portends-worse-outcomes-in-comparable-patients-a-propensity-adjusted-analysis
#12
Vernissia Tam, James D Luketich, Daniel G Winger, Inderpal S Sarkaria, Ryan M Levy, Neil A Christie, Omar Awais, Manisha R Shende, Katie S Nason
INTRODUCTION: Patients undergoing non-elective paraesophageal hernia repair (PEHR) have worse perioperative outcomes. Because they are usually older and sicker, however, these patients may be more prone to adverse events, independent of surgical urgency. Our study aimed to determine whether non-elective PEHR is associated with differential postoperative outcome compared to elective repair, using propensity-score weighting. METHODS: We abstracted data for patients undergoing PEHR (n = 924; non-elective n = 171 (19 %); 1997-2010)...
August 4, 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27492354/a-combined-nissen-plus-hill-hybrid-repair-for-paraesophageal-hernia-improves-clinical-outcomes-and-reduces-long-term-recurrences-compared-with-laparoscopic-nissen-alone
#13
Gal Levy, Ralph W Aye, Alexander S Farivar, Brian E Louie
INTRODUCTION: We compared clinical and objective outcomes of combined Nissen-Hill hybrid (HYB) to Nissen fundoplication (LNF) for repair of paraesophageal hernia (PEH). METHODS: This study is a single-institution retrospective chart review of prospectively collected data for consecutive patients undergoing PEH repair from 2006 to 2015 with at least 6 months of follow-up. Quality of life metrics (QOLRAD, HRQL, and dysphagia), manometry, radiographic imaging, and pH testing were administered pre- and postoperatively...
August 4, 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27479013/thoracic-extramedullary-hematopoiesis-mimicking-metastatic-cancer
#14
Duc Ha, Xiaoyan Liao, Huan-You Wang, Catriona Jamieson, Marisa Magaña, Samir Makani
Thoracic extramedullary hematopoiesis (EMH) is a rare manifestation in patients with myeloproliferative neoplasm. A 76-year-old woman with a long-standing history of polycythemia vera presented with a 2-month history of worsening dyspnea and left-sided wheezing. A chest computed tomography showed an ill-defined soft tissue mass encasing the left mainstem bronchus causing airway obstruction, associated with paratracheal and paraesophageal lymphadenopathy. Endobronchial ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration of the soft tissue mass and mediastinoscopy with excisional biopsy of a paratracheal lymph node demonstrated EMH with increased myeloid blasts...
July 29, 2016: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27422243/laparoscopic-paraesophageal-hernia-repair-is-safe-in-elderly-patients
#15
David M Parker, Amrit A Rambhajan, Ryan D Horsley, Kathleen Johanson, Jon D Gabrielsen, Anthony T Petrick
BACKGROUND: Paraesophageal hernias (PEHs) occur frequently in the elderly. Patients may not be referred for repair due to age or concern for high operative morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to compare outcomes of PEH repair based on age. METHODS: Adult patients undergoing PEH repair between 2003 and 2012 at a tertiary referral center were included. Patients were divided by age (Y < 69, YO 70-79 and VO > 80). Body mass index (BMI), Charlson comorbidity index, operative time, estimated blood loss, length of stay, recurrence, Quality of Life in Reflux and Dyspepsia Questionnaire (QOLRAD) scores, morbidity and mortality were analyzed...
July 15, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27398823/surgical-treatment-of-paraesophageal-hernias-a-review
#16
Ciro Andolfi, Anahita Jalilvand, Alejandro Plana, P Marco Fisichella
The management of paraesophageal hernia (PEH) can be challenging due to the lack of consensus regarding indications and principles of operative treatment. In addition, data about the pathophysiology of the hernias are scant. Therefore, the goal of this review is to shed light and describe the classification, pathophysiology, clinical presentation, and indications for treatment of PEHs, and provide an overview of the surgical management and a description of the technical principles of the repair.
October 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27365228/incidence-reasons-and-risk-factors-for-readmission-after-surgery-for-benign-distal-esophageal-disease
#17
Amy K Poupore, Miloslawa Stem, Daniela Molena, Anne O Lidor
BACKGROUND: Our aim was to ascertain the incidence of, reasons for, and risk factors associated with hospital readmission after an operation for benign distal esophageal disease. METHODS: Using the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database (2012-2014), patients with a primary diagnosis of gastroesophageal reflux disease, paraesophageal hiatal hernia, or achalasia who underwent fundoplication, paraesophageal hernia repair, or Heller myotomy were identified...
September 2016: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27259549/-erratum-to-report-of-12%C3%A2-years-experience-in-the-surgical-treatment-of-286-paraesophageal-hernias
#18
B Geissler, E Birk, M Anthuber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 3, 2016: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27229099/the-impact-of-frailty-on-outcomes-of-paraesophageal-hernia-repair
#19
Munyaradzi Chimukangara, Matthew J Frelich, Matthew E Bosler, Lisa E Rein, Aniko Szabo, Jon C Gould
BACKGROUND: Frailty is a measure of physiological reserve that has been used to predict outcomes after surgical procedures in the elderly. We hypothesized that frailty would be associated with outcomes after paraesophageal hernia (PEH) repair. METHODS: The National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database (2011-2013) was queried for International Classification of Diseases, Version 9 and Current Procedural Terminology codes associated with PEH repair in patients aged ≥ 60 y...
May 15, 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27151087/anatomical-variations-in-lymphatic-drainage-of-the-right-lung-applications-in-lung-cancer-surgery
#20
Assane Ndiaye, V Di-Marino, P S Ba, Aï Ndiaye, M Gaye, S Nazarian
OBJECTIVES: To specify the topography and variations in lymphatic drainage of the right lung to the mediastinum and their therapeutic implications in non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLC). MATERIALS AND METHOD: We injected a dye into the subpleural lymphatic vessels in 65 right lung segments, followed by dissection in 22 subjects. RESULTS: At the upper lobe, we had injected 32 segments. We noted extrasegmental overflow in one case; extrasegmental and extralobar drainage in two cases; drainage to the lymph nodes of another lobe in one case...
May 5, 2016: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
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