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J Straatman, L C B Groen, N van der Wielen, E P Jansma, F Daams, M A Cuesta, D L van der Peet
Over the coming years octogenarians will make up an increasingly large proportion of the population. With the rise in octogenarians more paraesophageal hiatal hernias may be identified. In research for the optimal treatment for paraesophageal hiatal hernias, octogenarians are often omitted and the optimal surgical strategy for this patient group remains unclear. A systematic search in PubMed, Embase, and The Cochrane Library was conducted, including articles compromising 'surgery,' 'paraesophageal hiatal hernia,' and 'octogenarians...
March 12, 2018: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
Marco Aurelio Rendón-Medina, Rodolfo Omar Ávalos-Abreu, Jocelyn Saucedo-Saldivar, Erick Sánchez-Tellez, Marco Garcia-Puig
INTRODUCTION: A Giant Hiatal Paraesophageal Hernia (GPEH) is a Hiatal Hernia (HH) that includes more than 30% of the stomach in the thorax. The gold standard form of repair today is the laparoscopic abdominal approach in elective scenarios. Laparoscopic HH repair advantages include, less postoperative pain, small incisions, reduced postoperative respiratory complications are reduced, shorter hospital stay. The objective of this paper is to describe a patient undergoing with upper intestinal obstruction and a GPEH Type IV, approached laparoscopically...
July 25, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Ryan Hoff, Baseer Qazi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
Tyler Hall, Natalie Warnes, Kristine Kuchta, Stephanie Novak, Herbert Hedberg, John G Linn, Stephen Haggerty, Woody Denham, Raymond J Joehl, Michael Ujiki
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to investigate patient centered quality of life (QOL) outcomes in patients undergoing laparoscopic paraesophageal hernia repair (LPEHR). STUDY DESIGN: We prospectively followed patients who underwent laparoscopic paraesophageal hernia repair between 2009 - 2016. QOL outcomes were measured using Short Form-36 (SF-36), GERD-HRQL, Reflux Symptom Index, and Dysphagia score surveys administered pre-operatively and at 3 weeks, 6 months, 1 year, and 2 years post- operatively...
February 14, 2018: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
Francisco Schlottmann, Paula D Strassle, Marco G Patti
BACKGROUND: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), paraesophageal hernia (PEH), and achalasia are the most frequent benign esophageal disorders that may need surgical treatment. We aimed to identify risk factors for postoperative complications and to characterize trends of morbidity for surgery for benign esophageal disorders in a national cohort. METHODS: A retrospective population-based analysis was performed using the National Inpatient Sample for the period 2000-2013...
February 12, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
Yen-Po Chin, Wei-Fu Lai, Meng-Ting Chiang, Shih-Chieh Chang
RATIONALE: Esophageal neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are a rare type of esophageal tumor which are usually positive for chromogranin A, synaptophysin, and CD56 in tumor immunohistochemical staining. The most common symptoms of esophageal NETs are gastrointestinal symptoms such as dysphagia and/or abdominal discomfort. While esophageal NETs have the potential for distant metastasis, there have only been a few reports of brain metastasis originating from esophageal NET. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report the case of a 60-year-old Taiwanese female who initially presented with a 1 month history of painless forehead and bilateral neck masses...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Heidi H Hon, T Javier Birriel, Maher El Chaar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Danuel V Laan, John Agzarian, William S Harmsen, K Robert Shen, Shanda H Blackmon, Francis C Nichols, Stephen D Cassivi, Dennis A Wigle, Mark S Allen
OBJECTIVES: Laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication is the most commonly performed operation for the repair of large hiatal hernias. We compared outcomes between the Belsey Mark IV fundoplication and the laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed over a 10-year period on patients who had repair of large paraesophageal hernia. Patients who received the Belsey Mark IV (n = 118) were matched 1 to 1, by year of surgery, gender, and age, with patients who received laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication...
December 19, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
James P Callaway, Michael F Vaezi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 3, 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Zhao Ma, Xianxian Wu, Bo Xu, Hongjing Jiang, Peng Tang, Jie Yue, Mingquan Ma, Chuangui Chen, Hongdian Zhang, Zhentao Yu
The number and range of lymph node metastasis (LNM) are critical prognostic factors in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Preoperative serum biomarkers are reported to be associated with LNM. However, whether these markers can precisely predict the extent of LNM is not known. The aim of this study was to evaluate the predictive value of preoperative serum SCC-Ag, Cyfra21-1, CEA, CA19-9 and CA72-4 for LNM number and range by retrospectively investigating 577 ESCC patients undergone esophagectomy from 2007-2010...
December 1, 2017: Oncotarget
Shawn S Fu, Melissa M Carton, Iman Ghaderi, Carlos A Galvani
Morgagni hernias are a rare form of congenital diaphragmatic hernia, accounting for 2%-3% of cases. The presence of a simultaneous Morgagni hernia and paraesophageal hernia (PEH) is even more rare, with only a few reported cases in the surgical literature. Both open and laparoscopic surgical approaches have been previously described. Herein we discuss a robotic-assisted surgical approach to the repair of simultaneous Morgagni hernia and PEH in a 65-year-old woman. Simultaneous repair of Morgagni hernia and PEH is indicated mainly when symptoms are generally indistinctive...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
Sonam Kapadia, Turner Osler, Allen Lee, Edward Borrazzo
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic fundoplication is an accepted surgical management of refractory gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD). The use of high resolution esophageal manometry (HRM) in preoperative evaluation is often applied to determine the degree of fundoplication to optimize reflux control while minimizing adverse sequela of postoperative dysphagia. OBJECTIVE: Assess the role of preoperative HRM in predicting surgical outcomes, specifically risk assessment of postoperative dysphagia and quality of life, among patients receiving laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication for GERD with immediate postoperative (< 4 weeks clinic), short-term (3-month clinic), and long-term (34 ± 10...
December 12, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
Karine Gendron, Sean P McDonough, James A Flanders, May Tse, Peter V Scrivani
The mediastinal serous cavity is a normal anatomic space in the caudal mediastinum. Aims of this anatomic and case series study were to describe the signs of pathologic expansion of the mediastinal serous cavity observed during computed tomography (CT), review the underlying anatomy, perform a literature review, and evaluate the medical records of several dogs with mediastinal serous cavity empyema (paraesophageal empyema). The mesothelial lined mediastinal serous cavity is a cranial extension of the omental bursa, separated from the peritoneal cavity by the diaphragm, in the dorsal part of the caudal mediastinum, to the right of the esophagus, between the heart base and diaphragm...
November 30, 2017: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
B Dallemagne, G Quero, A Lapergola, L Guerriero, C Fiorillo, S Perretta
PURPOSE: Giant paraesophageal hernias (GPEH) are relatively uncommon and account for less than 5% of all primary hiatal hernias. Giant Secondary GPEH can be observed after surgery involving hiatal orifice opening, such as esophagectomy, antireflux surgery, and hiatal hernia repair. Surgical treatment is challenging, and there are still residual controversies regarding the laparoscopic approach, even though a reduced morbidity and mortality, as well as a shorter hospital stay have been demonstrated...
November 25, 2017: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
Michel Gagner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Damien J Lazar, Desmond H Birkett, David M Brams, Heather A Ford, Christina Williamson, Dmitry Nepomnayshy
Background and Objectives: There is a lack of consensus on the optimal repair technique and the definition of good outcomes in paraesophageal hernia (PEH) repair. We reviewed long-term patient-reported outcomes of open and laparoscopic PEH repair to assist with our future surgical consent process. Methods: This was a retrospective case-control study including all patients with PEH repair performed from 2000 through 2012 at a single center without the use of mesh...
October 2017: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
Rens A van der Linde, Seilenna S Lases, Thomas J Buist, Henderik L van Westreenen, Vincent B Nieuwenhuijs
A hiatal hernia is a condition in which intraabdominal content herniates into the intrathoracic cavity. On rare occasions, a hiatal hernia can lead to cardiorespiratory compromise. We report a case of chest pain followed by cardiac arrest in a patient not known to have hiatal hernia, and without preliminary symptoms. The patient was suspected of having cardiac ischemia; however, angiography did not reveal any abnormalities. Chest tomography revealed a large paraesophageal hernia with compression of the right ventricle causing decreased preload and cardiac output...
December 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Saptarshi Biswas, Shekhar Gogna, Prem Patel
Type IV paraesophageal hernia (PEH) is very rare and is characterized by the intrathoracic herniation of the abdominal viscera other than the stomach into the chest. We describe a case of a 90-year-old male patient who presented at our emergency department complaining of epigastric pain that he had experienced over the past few hours and getting progressively worse. On the day after admission, his pain became severe. Chest radiography revealed an intrathoracic intestinal gas bubble; emergency exploratory laparotomy identified a type IV PEH with herniation of only the jejunum with perforated diverticula on mesenteric side through a hiatal defect into mediastinum...
2017: Case Reports in Surgery
Yuko Nagaoki, Hiroshi Aikata, Kana Daijyo, Yuji Teraoka, Fumi Honda, Yuki Nakamura, Masahiro Hatooka, Kei Morio, Hatsue Fujino, Takashi Nakahara, Tomokazu Kawaoka, Daiki Miki, Masataka Tsuge, Akira Hiramatsu, Michio Imamura, Yoshiiku Kawakami, Hidenori Ochi, Kazuaki Chayama
AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the risk factors for worsening of gastroesophageal varices (GEVs) and development of portosystemic encephalopathy in patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related cirrhosis during nucleos(t)ide analog (NA) treatment. METHODS: One hundred and thirty-seven patients with HBV-related cirrhosis were enrolled in this retrospective cohort study. Findings of portal hemodynamics with computed tomography, liver function, and endoscopic examinations during NA treatment were assessed...
March 2018: Hepatology Research: the Official Journal of the Japan Society of Hepatology
Luis Gorospe Sarasúa, Andrés González-García, Isabel García Gómez-Muriel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2017: Archivos de Bronconeumología
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