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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912836/methods-for-enhancing-the-reproducibility-of-biomedical-research-findings-using-electronic-health-records
#1
REVIEW
Spiros Denaxas, Kenan Direk, Arturo Gonzalez-Izquierdo, Maria Pikoula, Aylin Cakiroglu, Jason Moore, Harry Hemingway, Liam Smeeth
BACKGROUND: The ability of external investigators to reproduce published scientific findings is critical for the evaluation and validation of biomedical research by the wider community. However, a substantial proportion of health research using electronic health records (EHR), data collected and generated during clinical care, is potentially not reproducible mainly due to the fact that the implementation details of most data preprocessing, cleaning, phenotyping and analysis approaches are not systematically made available or shared...
2017: BioData Mining
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912200/development-and-validation-of-electronic-quality-measures-to-assess-care-for-patients-with-transient-ischemic-attack-and-minor-ischemic-stroke
#2
Dawn M Bravata, Laura J Myers, Eric Cheng, Mathew Reeves, Fitsum Baye, Zhangsheng Yu, Teresa Damush, Edward J Miech, Jason Sico, Michael Phipps, Alan Zillich, Jason Johanning, Seemant Chaturvedi, Curt Austin, Jared Ferguson, Bailey Maryfield, Kathy Snow, Susan Ofner, Glenn Graham, Rachel Rhude, Linda S Williams, Greg Arling
BACKGROUND: Despite interest in using electronic health record (EHR) data to assess quality of care, the accuracy of such data is largely unknown. We sought to develop and validate transient ischemic attack and minor ischemic stroke electronic quality measures (eQMs) using EHR data. METHODS AND RESULTS: A random sample of patients with transient ischemic attack or minor ischemic stroke, cared for in Veterans Health Administration facilities (fiscal year 2011), was identified...
September 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903894/prototype-development-context-driven-dynamic-xml-ophthalmologic-data-capture-application
#3
Peggy Peissig, Kelsey M Schwei, Christopher Kadolph, Joseph Finamore, Efrain Cancel, Catherine A McCarty, Asha Okorie, Kate L Thomas, Jennifer Allen Pacheco, Jyotishman Pathak, Stephen B Ellis, Joshua C Denny, Luke V Rasmussen, Gerard Tromp, Marc S Williams, Tamara R Vrabec, Murray H Brilliant
BACKGROUND: The capture and integration of structured ophthalmologic data into electronic health records (EHRs) has historically been a challenge. However, the importance of this activity for patient care and research is critical. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to develop a prototype of a context-driven dynamic extensible markup language (XML) ophthalmologic data capture application for research and clinical care that could be easily integrated into an EHR system...
September 13, 2017: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903729/dynamic-etl-a-hybrid-approach-for-health-data-extraction-transformation-and-loading
#4
Toan C Ong, Michael G Kahn, Bethany M Kwan, Traci Yamashita, Elias Brandt, Patrick Hosokawa, Chris Uhrich, Lisa M Schilling
BACKGROUND: Electronic health records (EHRs) contain detailed clinical data stored in proprietary formats with non-standard codes and structures. Participating in multi-site clinical research networks requires EHR data to be restructured and transformed into a common format and standard terminologies, and optimally linked to other data sources. The expertise and scalable solutions needed to transform data to conform to network requirements are beyond the scope of many health care organizations and there is a need for practical tools that lower the barriers of data contribution to clinical research networks...
September 13, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903154/incidence-and-trends-of-sepsis-in-us-hospitals-using-clinical-vs-claims-data-2009-2014
#5
Chanu Rhee, Raymund Dantes, Lauren Epstein, David J Murphy, Christopher W Seymour, Theodore J Iwashyna, Sameer S Kadri, Derek C Angus, Robert L Danner, Anthony E Fiore, John A Jernigan, Greg S Martin, Edward Septimus, David K Warren, Anita Karcz, Christina Chan, John T Menchaca, Rui Wang, Susan Gruber, Michael Klompas
Importance: Estimates from claims-based analyses suggest that the incidence of sepsis is increasing and mortality rates from sepsis are decreasing. However, estimates from claims data may lack clinical fidelity and can be affected by changing diagnosis and coding practices over time. Objective: To estimate the US national incidence of sepsis and trends using detailed clinical data from the electronic health record (EHR) systems of diverse hospitals. Design, Setting, and Population: Retrospective cohort study of adult patients admitted to 409 academic, community, and federal hospitals from 2009-2014...
September 13, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899575/ehealth-in-integrated-care-programs-for-people-with-multimorbidity-in-europe-insights-from-the-icare4eu-project
#6
Maria Gabriella Melchiorre, Roberta Papa, Mieke Rijken, Ewout van Ginneken, Anneli Hujala, Francesco Barbabella
INTRODUCTION: Care for people with multimorbidity requires an integrated approach in order to adequately meet their complex needs. In this respect eHealth could be of help. This paper aims to describe the implementation, as well as benefits and barriers of eHealth applications in integrated care programs targeting people with multimorbidity in European countries, including insights on older people 65+. METHODS: Within the framework of the ICARE4EU project, in 2014, expert organizations in 24 European countries identified 101 integrated care programs based on selected inclusion criteria...
August 12, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898194/correlate-a-pacs-and-ehr-integrated-tool-leveraging-natural-language-processing-to-provide-automated-clinical-follow-up
#7
Mark D Kovacs, Joseph Mesterhazy, David Avrin, Thomas Urbania, John Mongan
A major challenge for radiologists is obtaining meaningful clinical follow-up information for even a small percentage of cases encountered and dictated. Traditional methods, such as keeping medical record number follow-up lists, discussing cases with rounding clinical teams, and discussing cases at tumor boards, are effective at keeping radiologists informed of clinical outcomes but are time intensive and provide follow-up for a small subset of cases. To this end, the authors developed a picture archiving and communication system-accessible electronic health record (EHR)-integrated program called Correlate, which allows the user to easily enter free-text search queries regarding desired clinical follow-up information, with minimal interruption to the workflow...
September 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893828/tethered-to-the-ehr-a-physician-workload-assessment
#8
Roma P Amin, Michael E Johansen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893811/tethered-to-the-ehr-primary-care-physician-workload-assessment-using-ehr-event-log-data-and-time-motion-observations
#9
Brian G Arndt, John W Beasley, Michelle D Watkinson, Jonathan L Temte, Wen-Jan Tuan, Christine A Sinsky, Valerie J Gilchrist
PURPOSE: Primary care physicians spend nearly 2 hours on electronic health record (EHR) tasks per hour of direct patient care. Demand for non-face-to-face care, such as communication through a patient portal and administrative tasks, is increasing and contributing to burnout. The goal of this study was to assess time allocated by primary care physicians within the EHR as indicated by EHR user-event log data, both during clinic hours (defined as 8:00 am to 6:00 pm Monday through Friday) and outside clinic hours...
September 2017: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893314/design-of-an-extensive-information-representation-scheme-for-clinical-narratives
#10
Louise Deléger, Leonardo Campillos, Anne-Laure Ligozat, Aurélie Névéol
BACKGROUND: Knowledge representation frameworks are essential to the understanding of complex biomedical processes, and to the analysis of biomedical texts that describe them. Combined with natural language processing (NLP), they have the potential to contribute to retrospective studies by unlocking important phenotyping information contained in the narrative content of electronic health records (EHRs). This work aims to develop an extensive information representation scheme for clinical information contained in EHR narratives, and to support secondary use of EHR narrative data to answer clinical questions...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Semantics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890644/ehrs-the-challenge-of-making-electronic-data-usable-and-interoperable
#11
Miriam Reisman
Despite massive effort and investment in health information systems and technology, the promised benefits of electronic health records (EHRs) are far from fruition. The author presents the legislative programs that encourage the implementation of EHRs and explores the barriers hampering interoperability.
September 2017: P & T: a Peer-reviewed Journal for Formulary Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885238/improving-the-implementation-of-lung-cancer-screening-guidelines-at-an-academic-primary-care-practice
#12
Alison T Brenner, Laura Cubillos, Katherine Birchard, Caleb Doyle-Burr, John Eick, Louise Henderson, Laura Jones, Michael Massaro, Bailey Minish, Paul Molina, Michael Pignone, Shana Ratner, Maria Patricia Rivera, Daniel S Reuland
Expert groups recommend annual chest computed tomography for lung cancer screening (LCS) in high-risk patients. Lung cancer screening in primary care is a complex process that includes identification of the at-risk population, comorbidity assessment, and shared decision making. We identified three key processes required for high-quality screening implementation in our academic primary care practice: (1) systematic collection of lifetime cumulative smoking history to identify potentially eligible patients; (2) visit-based clinical reminders and order sets embedded in the electronic health record (EHR); and (3) tools to facilitate shared decision making and appropriate test ordering...
September 1, 2017: Journal for Healthcare Quality: Official Publication of the National Association for Healthcare Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883680/health-atms-in-saudi-arabia-a-perspective
#13
Bakheet Aldosari
BACKGROUND: Health ATMs are terminals which are connected to a centrally located database storing patients' electronic healthcare records (EHR). These machines are capable of collecting information in a far superior fashion than humans and are also able to rectify obsolete data in a manner that humans are generally not inclined to. OBJECTIVES: The main goal of this study is to assess the importance of adopting health ATMs in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), which can improve the confidence of patients, reward health self-management, and achieve positive health outcomes through their easy-to-use applications that are secure and accessible through various devices...
June 2017: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883186/disseminating-a-standard-for-medical-records-in-emergency-departments-among-different-software-vendors-using-hl7-cda
#14
Dominik Brammen, Heike Dewenter, Volker Thiemann, Raphael W Majeed, Tingyan Xu, Kai U Heitmann, Felix Walcher, Sylvia Thun, Rainer Röhrig
A standardized medical record for the emergency department (GEDMR) was released in Germany, but only sparsely and randomly implemented by emergency department (ED) electronic health record (EHR) vendors. A reason for this may be a lacking common language between the medical and the Health Information Technology (HIT) domain. HL7 clinical document architecture (CDA) may leverage this communication gap. This paper reports on the effects of a professional medical association record standard on EHR vendors and the German ED-EHR market...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883172/it-infrastructure-for-biomedical-research-in-north-west-germany
#15
Insa Seeger, Atinkut Zeleke, Michael Freitag, Rainer Röhrig
The efficient use of routine data for biomedical research presupposes an IT infrastructure designed for health care facilities. The objective of this study was to analyse which IT infrastructure is used in hospitals and by general practitioners' (GP) practices in the region Oldenburg-Bremen and to examine how well this supports research projects. To this end, IT managers and GPs were interviewed. The usage of hospital information systems (HIS) and data warehouse systems (DWS) in hospitals is of major importance for the study...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882812/health-information-technology-hit-adaptation-refocusing-on-the-journey-to-successful-hit-implementation
#16
Po-Yin Yen, Ann Scheck McAlearney, Cynthia J Sieck, Jennifer L Hefner, Timothy R Huerta
In past years, policies and regulations required hospitals to implement advanced capabilities of certified electronic health records (EHRs) in order to receive financial incentives. This has led to accelerated implementation of health information technologies (HIT) in health care settings. However, measures commonly used to evaluate the success of HIT implementation, such as HIT adoption, technology acceptance, and clinical quality, fail to account for complex sociotechnical variability across contexts and the different trajectories within organizations because of different implementation plans and timelines...
September 7, 2017: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880046/clinical-decisions-support-malfunctions-in-a-commercial-electronic-health-record
#17
Steven Z Kassakian, Thomas R Yackel, Paul N Gorman, David A Dorr
OBJECTIVES: Determine if clinical decision support (CDS) malfunctions occur in a commercial electronic health record (EHR) system, characterize their pathways and describe methods of detection. METHODS: We retrospectively examined the firing rate for 226 alert type CDS rules for detection of anomalies using both expert visualization and statistical process control (SPC) methods over a five year period. Candidate anomalies were investigated and validated. RESULTS: Twenty-one candidate CDS anomalies were identified from 8,300 alert-months...
September 6, 2017: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879450/estimation-of-neonatal-outcome-artery-ph-value-according-to-ctg-interpretation-of-the-last-60%C3%A2-min-before-delivery-a-retrospective-study-can-the-outcome-ph-value-be-predicted
#18
S Kundu, E Kuehnle, C Schippert, J von Ehr, P Hillemanns, Ismini Staboulidou
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to analyze whether the umbilical artery pH value can be estimated throughout CTG assessment 60 min prior to delivery and if the estimated umbilical artery pH value correlates with the actual one. This includes analysis of correlation between CTG trace classification and actual umbilical artery pH value. Intra-and interobserver agreement and the impact of professional experience on visual analysis of fetal heart rate tracing were evaluated. METHODS: This was a retrospective study...
September 6, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875059/comparison-of-three-internship-training-sites-for-an-undergraduate-health-information-management-program-in-saudi-arabia
#19
Sulaiman Bah, Turki Alanzi
OBJECTIVES: While internship training is well established for medical records and for healthcare quality improvement, it is not quite so for training related to IT/health informatics. A comparison was made on the hospital-based IT/health informatics internship training received by students completing their training at the Imam AbdulRahman Bin Faisal University (IAU) in the Eastern province of Saudi Arabia. METHODS: The three hospitals studied all have the Joint Commission International accreditation and advanced Electronic Health Record (EHR) systems...
July 2017: Healthcare Informatics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874125/prognostic-consequences-of-implementing-cancer-patient-pathways-in-denmark-a-comparative-cohort-study-of-symptomatic-cancer-patients-in-primary-care
#20
Henry Jensen, Marie Louise Tørring, Peter Vedsted
BACKGROUND: Cancer Patient Pathways (CPPs) were introduced in 2000-2015 in several European countries, including Denmark, to reduce the time to diagnosis and treatment initiation and ultimately improve patient survival. Yet, the prognostic consequences of implementing CPPs remain unknown for symptomatic cancer patients diagnosed through primary care. We aimed to compare survival and mortality among symptomatic patients diagnosed through a primary care route before, during and after the CPP implementation in Denmark...
September 6, 2017: BMC Cancer
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