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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938521/beneficial-health-applications-and-medicinal-values-of-pedicularis-plants-a-review
#1
REVIEW
Mohd Iqbal Yatoo, Umesh Dimri, Arumugam Gopalakrishnan, Kumaragurubaran Karthik, Marappan Gopi, Rekha Khandia, Mani Saminathan, Archana Saxena, Mahmoud Alagawany, Mayada Ragab Farag, Ashok Munjal, Kuldeep Dhama
Pedicularis plants (Orobanchaceae), popularly known as lousewort, are found in Asia, Europe, and North America, and have been used in Sowa-Rigpa, the Himalayan art of healing and a traditional system of medicine for treating various ailments in humans. A comprehensive compilation on this valuable medicinal plant is not available, however. The present extensive review provides insight into the salient medicinal properties of Pedicularis plants with respect to various health issues and diseases. Our previous studies on Pedicularis plants from the Changthang region of Ladakh (India) and research advances leading to new developments in this field have prompted this review...
September 18, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938402/the-pathophysiological-sequence-of-glucocorticoid-induced-osteonecrosis-of-the-femoral-head-in-male-mice
#2
Robert S Weinstein, Erin A Hogan, Michael J Borrelli, Serguei Liachenko, Charles A O'Brien, Stavros C Manolagas
In search of the sequence of pathogenic events leading to glucocorticoid-induced osteonecrosis, we determined the molecular, biomechanical, cellular, and vascular changes in the femur of C57BL/6 mice receiving prednisolone for 14, 28 or 42 days. The femoral head, but not the distal femur, of mice treated for 14 days showed a decrease in the expression of the hypoxia-inducible factor (Hif-1α) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), the number of osteoblasts, bone formation rate and strength and an increase in osteoclasts...
September 14, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938106/assessment-of-a-specifically-developed-bullet-casing-gun-for-the-stunning-of-water-buffaloes
#3
Carmen Meichtry, Urs Glauser, Matthieu Glardon, Steffen G Ross, Isabel Lechner, Beat P Kneubuehl, Dominic Gascho, Claudia Spadavecchia, Alois von Rotz, Ana Stojiljkovic, Michael H Stoffel
Water buffaloes and cattle differ considerably with respect to the anatomy of the head. As a result, captive bolt stunners often fail to reliably produce adequate loss of consciousness in water buffaloes and, thus, do not fulfill animal welfare requirements. The goal of the present study was to assess and validate a new stunning device for water buffaloes meeting animal welfare and occupational safety requirements. The newly designed bullet casing gun uses .357Mag/10.2g hollow point bullets and has additional safety features...
September 14, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937905/combined-orthodontic-and-surgical-treatment-in-a-8-years-old-patient-affected-by-severe-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-case-report
#4
Antonio Gracco, Giovanni Bruno, Alberto de Stefani, Rosario Marchese Ragona, Sergio Mazzoleni, Edoardo Stellini
An eight-years-old girl showed a restless sleep with snoring and severe apnea episodes, a mandibular retrognathia, mouth breathing, maxillary transverse discrepancy, mandibular transverse discrepancy, moderate crowding and anterior open-bite. The CBCT showed an anterior collapse of the epiglottis. The treatment consisted in a rapid palatal expansion, an epiglottoplasty and a reduction of the tongue base. Polysomnography revealed that apnea-hypopnea index improved from 21,8 episodes/hr at the baseline to 0,6 episodes/hr, average oxygen saturation from 96,5% to 98,1%, oxygen desaturation events from 23,4 episodes/hr to 1/hr...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937772/terahertz-light-matter-interaction-beyond-unity-coupling-strength
#5
Andreas Bayer, Marcel Pozimski, Simon Schambeck, Dieter Schuh, Rupert Huber, Dominique Bougeard, Christoph Lange
Achieving control over light-matter interaction in custom-tailored nanostructures is at the core of modern quantum electrodynamics. In strongly and ultrastrongly coupled systems, the excitation is repeatedly exchanged between a resonator and an electronic transition at a rate known as the vacuum Rabi frequency ΩR. For ΩR approaching the resonance frequency ωc, novel quantum phenomena including squeezed states, Dicke superradiant phase transitions, the collapse of the Purcell effect, and a population of the ground state with virtual photon pairs are predicted...
September 22, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937459/percutaneous-kyphoplasty-for-the-treatment-of-osteoporotic-vertebral-fractures-with-intravertebral-fluid-or-air-a-comparative-study
#6
Junjie Niu, Dawei Song, Haifei Zhou, Qian Meng, Bin Meng, Huilin Yang
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective comparative study. OBJECTIVE: To compare the characteristics of osteoporotic vertebral fractures (OVFs) with intravertebral fluid (IVF) and those with intravertebral air (IVA), and the efficacy of percutaneous balloon kyphoplasty (PKP) in treating OVFs with these 2 different intravertebral components. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Previous studies have focused on the efficacy of percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) and PKP in treating OVFs with intravertebral cleft...
October 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937451/cognitive-and-psychosocial-functioning-of-preschool-aged-children-with-cancer
#7
Victoria W Willard, Lauren E Cox, Kathryn M Russell, Ansley Kenney, Niki Jurbergs, Andrew E Molnar, Jennifer L Harman
OBJECTIVE: Most children with cancer are diagnosed in early childhood, potentially resulting in missed developmental opportunities. The most common diagnoses-brain tumors, leukemia-are also associated with increased risk of neurocognitive deficits. Unfortunately, research regarding the functioning of preschool-aged children with cancer is limited. Our objective is to describe the cognitive and psychosocial functioning of preschool-aged children with cancer who completed a clinical evaluation at a hospital-based psychology clinic...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937421/methylene-blue-to-treat-refractory-latex-induced-anaphylactic-shock-a-case-report
#8
Paulo Sergio Da Silva, Paula Furtado
Anaphylaxis occurs in 1/5000-1/20,000 of anesthesia cases and may evolve with shock and cardiovascular collapse in up to 54% of cases. Mortality varies from 3% to 10%. Latex is the second leading cause of anaphylaxis during the perioperative period. We report a case of latex-induced anaphylactic shock refractory to the usual catecholamine treatment that was reversed with the aid of methylene blue. Exaggerated activation of the nitric oxide-cyclic guanosine monophosphate pathway is observed in refractory shock...
September 20, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935085/early-collapse-of-a-magnesium%C3%A2-bioresorbable-scaffold
#9
Hector Cubero-Gallego, Bert Vandeloo, Josep Gomez-Lara, Rafael Romaguera, Gerard Roura, Joan A Gomez-Hospital, Angel Cequier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 25, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934802/intravertebral-vacuum-cleft-and-its-varied-locations-within-osteoporotic-vertebral-compression-fractures-effect-on-therapeutic-efficacy
#10
Weibo Yu, Xiaobing Jiang, De Liang, Zhensong Yao, Ting Qiu, Linqiang Ye, Shuncong Zhang, Daxiang Jin
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have reported a high incidence of re-collapse of the augmented vertebrae after percutaneous vertebral augmentation (PVA) for osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs) with intravertebral vacuum cleft (IVC) during long-term follow-up. Previous IVC might be considered an important predisposing factor for re-collapse, but the prior studies could not find a significant correlation. OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence and distribution characteristics of IVCs and to further assess IVCs in their varied locations...
September 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934236/automated-computer-assisted-quantitative-analysis-of-intact-murine-lungs-at-the-alveolar-scale
#11
Goran Lovric, Ioannis Vogiatzis Oikonomidis, Rajmund Mokso, Marco Stampanoni, Matthias Roth-Kleiner, Johannes C Schittny
Using state-of-the-art X-ray tomographic microscopy we can image lung tissue in three dimensions in intact animals down to a micrometer precision. The structural complexity and hierarchical branching scheme of the lung at this level of details, however, renders the extraction of biologically relevant quantities particularly challenging. We have developed a methodology for a detailed description of lung inflation patterns by measuring the size and the local curvature of the parenchymal airspaces. These quantitative tools for morphological and topological analyses were applied to high-resolution murine 3D lung image data, inflated at different pressure levels under immediate post mortem conditions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933928/nursing-and-the-public-health-legacies-of-the-russian-revolution
#12
Susan Grant
The centenary of the October Revolution in 1917 provides a timely opportunity to assess the legacies of that event. I examine the role of the revolution in public health with a focus on nursing, assessing the Imperial Russian health care system, the development of Soviet nursing, and current plans for nursing and public health care in Putin's Russia. Analyzing nursing shows that there was a great deal of continuity in terms of medical personnel and ideas on how public health care service in Russia should operate...
September 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933497/use-of-nh-a-3-%C3%AE-x-3-%C3%AE-sonoluminescence-for-diagnostics-of-nonequilibrium-plasma-produced-by-multibubble-cavitation
#13
Rachel Pflieger, Temim Ouerhani, Thierry Belmonte, Sergey I Nikitenko
In this work, the sonoluminescence of NH radicals has been evaluated as a new spectroscopic probe for the nonequilibrium plasma produced by multibubble cavitation in liquids. The experiments were performed in aqueous ammonia solutions subjected to power ultrasound at low and high frequencies and under two different rare gases (Ar and Xe). Sonoluminescence (SL) spectroscopy focuses on the emission of the two present systems: NH (A(3)Π-X(3)Σ(-)) and OH (A(2)Σ(+)-X(2)Π). Both spectroscopic systems indicate the absence of thermal equilibrium during bubble collapse (Tv > Tr) irrespective of the saturating gas...
September 21, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932580/benign-superior-vena-cava-syndrome-with-uncontrolled-pleural-effusion-by-calcified-mediastinal-lymphadenopathy-surgical-management
#14
Yoon Pyo Lee, Eun Mi Chun, Yoo Kyung Kim, Kwan Chang Kim
This report describes a rare case of benign superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS) accompanying recalcitrant pleural effusion developed secondary to extrinsic compression by anthracotic calcified mediastinal lymphadenopathy which was corrected by surgical bypass graft. An 81-year-old female presented with recalcitrant pleural effusion for several months despite of medical treatments. SVCS developed progressively without any other radiological evidence of malignancy or active infection on initial chest computed tomography (CT)...
August 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931744/using-multiple-lines-of-evidence-to-assess-the-risk-of-ecosystem-collapse
#15
Lucie M Bland, Tracey J Regan, Minh Ngoc Dinh, Renata Ferrari, David A Keith, Rebecca Lester, David Mouillot, Nicholas J Murray, Hoang Anh Nguyen, Emily Nicholson
Effective ecosystem risk assessment relies on a conceptual understanding of ecosystem dynamics and the synthesis of multiple lines of evidence. Risk assessment protocols and ecosystem models integrate limited observational data with threat scenarios, making them valuable tools for monitoring ecosystem status and diagnosing key mechanisms of decline to be addressed by management. We applied the IUCN Red List of Ecosystems criteria to quantify the risk of collapse of the Meso-American Reef, a unique ecosystem containing the second longest barrier reef in the world...
September 27, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931660/predicting-epiglottic-collapse-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnoea
#16
Ali Azarbarzin, Melania Marques, Scott A Sands, Sara Op de Beeck, Pedro R Genta, Luigi Taranto-Montemurro, Camila M de Melo, Ludovico Messineo, Olivier M Vanderveken, David P White, Andrew Wellman
Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is characterised by pharyngeal obstruction occurring at different sites. Endoscopic studies reveal that epiglottic collapse renders patients at higher risk of failed oral appliance therapy or accentuated collapse on continuous positive airway pressure. Diagnosing epiglottic collapse currently requires invasive studies (imaging and endoscopy). As an alternative, we propose that epiglottic collapse can be detected from the distinct airflow patterns it produces during sleep.23 OSA patients underwent natural sleep endoscopy...
September 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930471/possible-way-to-study-cononsolvency-in-confinement-lattice-density-functional-theory-approach
#17
Xueqian Chen, Wei Feng, Xia Han, Honglai Liu
The polymer lattice density functional theory (PLDFT) is used to investigate the cononsolvency (CNS) phenomena related to polymer adsorption in a slit pore. Specifically, two simplest types of CNS are examined: CNS1 with solvent-cosolvent binding as the dominate factor and CNS2 with polymer-cosolvent binding as the dominate factor. The simplified models for CNS1/CNS2 well capture the symmetrical/asymmetrical reentrant swelling transition of polymers positively/negatively adsorbed on the solid surface as confirmed by the calculation of PLDFT...
September 20, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930468/changes-to-dppc-domain-structure-in-the-presence-of-carbon-nanoparticles
#18
Alan J Sheridan, Jonathan M Slater, Thomas Arnold, Richard A Campbell, Katherine C Thompson
DPPC (dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine) is a disaturated lipid capable of forming closely packed monolayers at the air-liquid interface of the lung and allows the surface tension within the alveoli to reduce to almost zero and thus prevent alveolar collapse. Carbon nanoparticles are formed in natural and man-made combustion events, including diesel engines, and are capable of reaching the alveolar epithelium during breathing. In this work, we have used Brewster angle microscopy and neutron reflectivity to study the effect of differing concentrations of carbon nanoparticles on the structure of DPPC monolayer as the monolayer is subject to compression and expansion...
September 20, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930355/conformations-and-membrane-driven-self-organization-of-rodlike-fd-virus-particles-on-freestanding-lipid-membranes
#19
Anastasiia B Petrova, Christoph Herold, Eugene P Petrov
Membrane-mediated interactions and aggregation of colloidal particles adsorbed to responsive elastic membranes are challenging problems relevant for understanding the microscopic organization and dynamics of biological membranes. We experimentally study the behavior of rodlike semiflexible fd virus particles electrostatically adsorbed to freestanding cationic lipid membranes and find that their behavior can be controlled by tuning the membrane charge and ionic strength of the surrounding medium. Three distinct interaction regimes of rodlike virus particles with responsive elastic membranes can be observed...
September 20, 2017: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929481/lessons-learned-from-the-total-evacuation-of-a-hospital-after-the-2016-kumamoto-earthquake
#20
Youichi Yanagawa, Hisayoshi Kondo, Takashi Okawa, Fumio Ochi
BACKGROUND: The 2016 Kumamoto Earthquakes were a series of earthquakes that included a foreshock earthquake (magnitude 6.2) on April 14 and a main shock (magnitude 7.0) on April 16, 2016. A number of hospitals in Kumamoto were severely damaged by the two major earthquakes and required total evacuation. METHODS: The authors retrospectively analyzed the activity data of the Disaster Medical Assistance Teams using the Emergency Medical Information System records to investigate the cases in which the total evacuation of a hospital was attempted following the 2016 Kumamoto Earthquake...
July 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
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