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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933085/gastroparesis-following-resection-of-a-fourth-ventricle-ependymoma-in-a-child
#1
Hong Zhang, Bing Qing, Jian Zheng
BACKGROUND: Gastroparesis following resection of a fourth ventricle tumor has never been reported in the literature. We report a unique case of gastroparesis following resection of a fourth ventricle ependymoma in a child. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 14-year-old boy presented with 12-day history of headache, nausea and vomiting. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a tumor in the fourth ventricle. He underwent a posterior median craniotomy and total removal was achieved...
June 19, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932939/nonsurgical-management-of-medication-related-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaws-using-local-wound-care
#2
Danny Hadaya, Akrivoula Soundia, Earl Freymiller, Tristan Grogan, David Elashoff, Sotirios Tetradis, Tara L Aghaloo
PURPOSE: Medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaws (MRONJ) is a known complication of antiresorptive medications with surgical and nonsurgical treatment options. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of nonsurgical therapy using local wound care on management of MRONJ lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors conducted a retrospective cohort study of patients who presented to the University of California-Los Angeles School of Dentistry Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinic for evaluation and treatment of MRONJ...
May 29, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932431/too-deep-or-not-too-deep-a-propensity-matched-comparison-of-the-analgesic-effects-of-a-superficial-versus-deep-serratus-fascial-plane-block-for-ambulatory-breast-cancer-surgery
#3
Faraj W Abdallah, Tulin Cil, David MacLean, Caveh Madjdpour, Jaime Escallon, John Semple, Richard Brull
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Serratus fascial plane block can reduce pain following breast surgery, but the question of whether to inject the local anesthetic superficial or deep to the serratus muscle has not been answered. This cohort study compares the analgesic benefits of superficial versus deep serratus plane blocks in ambulatory breast cancer surgery patients at Women's College Hospital between February 2014 and December 2016. We tested the joint hypothesis that deep serratus block is noninferior to superficial serratus block for postoperative in-hospital (pre-discharge) opioid consumption and pain severity...
July 2018: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932379/safety-and-efficacy-of-a-novel-neurosurgical-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-protocol-for-elective-craniotomy-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Yuan Wang, Bolin Liu, Tianzhi Zhao, Binfang Zhao, Daihua Yu, Xue Jiang, Lin Ye, Lanfu Zhao, Wenhai Lv, Yufu Zhang, Tao Zheng, Yafei Xue, Lei Chen, Eric Sankey, Long Chen, Yingxi Wu, Mingjuan Li, Lin Ma, Zhengmin Li, Ruigang Li, Juan Li, Jing Yan, Shasha Wang, Hui Zhao, Xude Sun, Guodong Gao, Yan Qu, Shiming He
OBJECTIVE Although enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) programs have gained acceptance in various surgical specialties, no established neurosurgical ERAS protocol for patients undergoing elective craniotomy has been reported in the literature. Here, the authors describe the design, implementation, safety, and efficacy of a novel neurosurgical ERAS protocol for elective craniotomy in a tertiary care medical center located in China. METHODS A multidisciplinary neurosurgical ERAS protocol for elective craniotomy was developed based on the best available evidence...
June 22, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29931527/oral-quality-of-life-after-buccal-mucosal-graft-harvest-for-substitution-urethroplasty-more-than-a-bite
#5
E Morán, M A Bonillo, L Fernández-Estevan, E Martínez-Cuenca, S Arlandis, E Broseta, F Boronat
INTRODUCTION: The aim of our study was to analyze the oral quality of life (QoL) in patients with urethral stricture treated with BMG by using a validated questionnaire (OIDP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective, single-arm, observational single-centre study of a cohort of patients scheduled for BMG Urethroplasty was conducted. OIDP assesses the impact of oral conditions on daily activities including an oral QoL question (0-10). The questionnaire was self-administered before, 3 months postoperatively and at the end of the study...
June 21, 2018: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29930780/implant-survival-in-patients-with-oral-cancer-a-5-year-follow-up
#6
Rafael Flores-Ruiz, Lizett Castellanos-Cosano, María-Angeles Serrera-Figallo, Eloy Cano-Díaz, Daniel Torres-Lagares, José-Luis Gutiérrez-Pérez
Background: To evaluate the evolution of patients rehabilitated with endosseous implants after oral cancer treatment. Material and Methods: An observational retrospective study was carried out between 1991 and 2011 with a sample consisting of patients with oral cancer who had been referred for rehabilitation to the Prosthetics Rehabilitation Unit from the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Unit of the Virgen del Rocío University Hospital. All these patients have overcome oral cancer, and have a five-year follow-up after their oral rehabilitation...
June 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29930374/one-billion-people-have-experienced-a-traumatic-dental-injury
#7
Derek Richards
Data sourcesPubMed, Scopus, Web of Science and Google Scholar databases. Websites of scientific societies of dental traumatology, paediatric dentistry, endodontics, oral-maxillofacial surgery and World Health Organization and the US Centres for Disease Control and Prevention were searched. There were no language restrictions, but the search was limited to the years 1996-2016.Study selectionObservational studies reporting proportions of individuals with at least one TDI (prevalence) and who developed TDI (incidence rate) were considered...
June 2018: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928864/definition-development-and-prevalence-of-new-persistent-opioid-use-following-hysterectomy
#8
Carolyn W Swenson, Neil S Kamdar, Kristian Seiler, Daniel M Morgan, Paul Lin, Sawsan As-Sanie
BACKGROUND: Opioids used for postoperative pain control after surgery have been associated with an increased risk of chronic opioid use. Hysterectomy is the most common major gynecologic procedure in the United States; however, we lack a data-driven definition of new persistent opioid use specific to hysterectomy. OBJECTIVE: 1) Determine a data-driven definition of new persistent opioid use among opioid naïve women undergoing hysterectomy; 2) Determine the prevalence of and risk factors for new persistent opioid use...
June 18, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928702/phase-i-and-ii-trial-on-infusional-5-fluorouracil-and-gefitinib-in-combination-with-preoperative-radiotherapy-in-rectal-cancer-10-years-median-follow-up
#9
Maria Antonietta Gambacorta, Antonino De Paoli, Marco Lupattelli, Giuditta Chiloiro, Angela Pia Solazzo, Brunella Barbaro, Sergio Alfieri, Fabio Maria Vecchio, Jacopo Lenkowicz, Francesco Navarria, Elisa Palazzari, Giulio Bertola, Alessandro Frattegiani, Bruce Minsky, Vincenzo Valentini
Purpose: The aim of this study is to evaluate the long term survival of the addition of gefitinib to chemoradiotherapy (CRT) in locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC). Methods and materials: This previously published multicentre, open-label, phase I-II study, enrolled patients (pts) with LARC to receive CRT with concurrent 5-fluorouracil continuous intravenous infusion and a dose escalation of orally administered gefitinib, followed 6-8 weeks later by surgery. An intra-operative radiotherapy boost of 10 Gy was planned...
March 2018: Clinical and Translational Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928438/the-first-thermic-treatment-predicts-following-chemoradiation-response-with-concurrent-thermal-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-rectal-cancer
#10
Hisanori Shoji, Masahiko Motegi, Kiyotaka Osawa, Takayuki Asao, Hiroyuki Kuwano, Takeo Takahashi, Kyoji Ogoshi
The present study aimed to evaluate whether the neoadjuvant chemoradiation response with concurrent thermal therapy for the treatment of rectal cancer can be predicted following the first thermic treatment. Eighty patients with primary rectal adenocarcinoma (≤12 cm from the anal verge) were included in this study. Fifty-four received surgery and pathological response was evaluated. Intensity-modulated radiotherapy was administered conventionally once daily 5 times/week. Neoadjuvant radiotherapy consisted of 50 Gy delivered to the planning target volume in 25 fractions...
July 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928342/quercetin-induced-apoptosis-of-human-oral-cancer-sas-cells-through-mitochondria-and-endoplasmic-reticulum-mediated-signaling-pathways
#11
Yi-Shih Ma, Chien-Ning Yao, Hsin-Chung Liu, Fu-Shun Yu, Jen-Jyh Lin, Kung-Wen Lu, Ching-Lung Liao, Fu-Shin Chueh, Jing-Gung Chung
Oral cancer is a cause of cancer-associated mortality worldwide and the treatment of oral cancer includes radiation, surgery and chemotherapy. Quercetin is a component from natural plant products and it has been demonstrated that quercetin is able to induce cytotoxic effects through induction of cell apoptosis in a number of human cancer cell lines. However, there is no available information to demonstrate that quercetin is able to induce apoptosis in human oral cancer cells. In the present study, the effect of quercetin on the cell death via the induction of apoptosis in human oral cancer SAS cells was investigated using flow cytometry, Annexin V/propidium iodide (PI) double staining, western blotting and confocal laser microscopy examination, to test for cytotoxic effects at 6-48 h after treatment with quercetin...
June 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926944/periodontal-health-and-gingival-diseases-and-conditions-on-an-intact-and-a-reduced-periodontium-consensus-report-of-workgroup-1-of-the-2017-world-workshop-on-the-classification-of-periodontal-and-peri-implant-diseases-and-conditions
#12
Iain L C Chapple, Brian L Mealey, Thomas E Van Dyke, P Mark Bartold, Henrik Dommisch, Peter Eickholz, Maria L Geisinger, Robert J Genco, Michael Glogauer, Moshe Goldstein, Terrence J Griffin, Palle Holmstrup, Georgia K Johnson, Yvonne Kapila, Niklaus P Lang, Joerg Meyle, Shinya Murakami, Jacqueline Plemons, Giuseppe A Romito, Lior Shapira, Dimitris N Tatakis, Wim Teughels, Leonardo Trombelli, Clemens Walter, Gernot Wimmer, Pinelopi Xenoudi, Hiromasa Yoshie
Periodontal health is defined by absence of clinically detectable inflammation. There is a biological level of immune surveillance that is consistent with clinical gingival health and homeostasis. Clinical gingival health may be found in a periodontium that is intact, i.e. without clinical attachment loss or bone loss, and on a reduced periodontium in either a non-periodontitis patient (e.g. in patients with some form of gingival recession or following crown lengthening surgery) or in a patient with a history of periodontitis who is currently periodontally stable...
June 2018: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926804/2d-3d-buccal-epithelial-cell-self-assembling-as-a-tool-for-cell-phenotype-maintenance-and-fabrication-of-multilayered-epithelial-linings-i-in-vitro-i
#13
Irina Zurina, Anastasia Shpichka, Irina Saburina, Nastasia V Kosheleva, Anastasiya Gorkun, Ekaterina A Grebenik, Daria Kuznetsova, Deying Zhang, Yury Rochev, Denis Butnaru, Tatyana Zharikova, Elena Victorovna Istranova, Yuanyuan Zhang, Leonid Prokofievich Istranov, Peter S Timashev
Maintaining the epithelial status of cells in vitro and fabrication of a multilayered epithelial lining is one of the key problems in the therapy using cell technologies. When cultured in a monolayer, epithelial cells change their phenotype from epithelial to epithelial-mesenchymal or mesenchymal that makes it difficult to obtain a sufficient number of cells in a 2D culture and to use them in tissue engineering. Here, using buccal epithelial cells from the oral mucosa, we developed a novel approach to recover and maintain the stable cell phenotype and form a multilayered epithelial lining in vitro via the 2D/3D cell self-assembling...
June 21, 2018: Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926499/periodontal-health-and-gingival-diseases-and-conditions-on-an-intact-and-a-reduced-periodontium-consensus-report-of-workgroup-1-of-the-2017-world-workshop-on-the-classification-of-periodontal-and-peri-implant-diseases-and-conditions
#14
Iain L C Chapple, Brian L Mealey, Thomas E Van Dyke, P Mark Bartold, Henrik Dommisch, Peter Eickholz, Maria L Geisinger, Robert J Genco, Michael Glogauer, Moshe Goldstein, Terrence J Griffin, Palle Holmstrup, Georgia K Johnson, Yvonne Kapila, Niklaus P Lang, Joerg Meyle, Shinya Murakami, Jacqueline Plemons, Giuseppe A Romito, Lior Shapira, Dimitris N Tatakis, Wim Teughels, Leonardo Trombelli, Clemens Walter, Gernot Wimmer, Pinelopi Xenoudi, Hiromasa Yoshie
Periodontal health is defined by absence of clinically detectable inflammation. There is a biological level of immune surveillance that is consistent with clinical gingival health and homeostasis. Clinical gingival health may be found in a periodontium that is intact, i.e. without clinical attachment loss or bone loss, and on a reduced periodontium in either a non-periodontitis patient (e.g. in patients with some form of gingival recession or following crown lengthening surgery) or in a patient with a history of periodontitis who is currently periodontally stable...
June 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926160/the-clinical-usefulness-of-optical-coherence-tomography-during-cancer-interventions
#15
REVIEW
Labrinus van Manen, Jouke Dijkstra, Claude Boccara, Emilie Benoit, Alexander L Vahrmeijer, Michalina J Gora, J Sven D Mieog
INTRODUCTION: Tumor detection and visualization plays a key role in the clinical workflow of a patient with suspected cancer, both in the diagnosis and treatment. Several optical imaging techniques have been evaluated for guidance during oncological interventions. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a technique which has been widely evaluated during the past decades. This review aims to determine the clinical usefulness of OCT during cancer interventions focussing on qualitative features, quantitative features and the diagnostic value of OCT...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926118/-bridging-anticoagulation-in-patients-receiving-vitamin-k-antagonists-current-status
#16
REVIEW
S M Schellong, H Riess, M Spannagl, H Omran, M Schwarzbach, F Langer, W Gogarten, P Bramlage, R M Bauersachs
Approximately 30% of patients receiving oral anticoagulation using vitamin K antagonists (VKA) require surgery within 2 years. In this context, a clinical decision on the need and the mode of a peri-interventional bridging with heparin is needed. While a few years ago, bridging was almost considered a standard of care, recent study results triggered a discussion on which patients will need bridging at all. Revisiting the currently available recommendations and study results the conclusion can be drawn that the indications for bridging with heparin must nowadays be taken more narrowly and considering the individual patient risk of bleeding and thromboembolism...
June 20, 2018: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925739/-treatment-of-mandibular-fracture-associated-infectious-pseudarthrosis-accompanied-by-osteomyelitis-in-a-peritoneal-dialysis-patient
#17
Soichi Hirashima, Akihiko Miyawaki, Kotaro Oho, Yawaka Shitozawa, Motohiro Arai, Norihiko Furuta, Ryoichi Oya
Peritoneal dialysis can be performed at home, and the transfer of solutes in the blood and other body fluids is slow compared to hemodialysis, reducing the load on the circulatory organs and lessening the frequency of hospital visits. We encountered a male patient in his 70s on peritoneal dialysis for end-stage renal failure who developed obsolete mandibular fracture-associated pseudarthrosis accompanied by osteomyelitis, which was treated with noninvasive reduction and fixation using circumferential wiring after the resolution of inflammation...
2018: Journal of UOEH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925328/the-role-of-gabapentin-oral-solution-in-decreasing-desflurane-associated-emergence-agitation-and-delirium-in-children-after-stabismus-surgery-a-prospective-randomized-double-blind-study
#18
Ahmed A Badawy, Samaa A Kasem, Doaa Rashwan, Tarek Al Menesy, Ghada Adel, Ali M Mokhtar, Yasmin A Badawy
BACKGROUND: Short acting inhalational anesthetic (Desflurane) produces emergence agitation (EA) in pediatrics with an incidence up to 80%. The aim of the present study was to examine the role of Gabapentin oral solution in attenuating desflurane associated EA in children after strabismus surgery under general anesthesia. METHODS: Seventy patients, 2-6 years old, scheduled for strabismus surgery were randomly allocated into two groups (35 each); Control group (c): received 5 ml of oral strawberry juice (placebo) and Gabapentin group (G) received 5 mg/Kg gabapentin oral solution in 5 ml strawberry juice, 1 h before anesthesia...
June 20, 2018: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924766/quality-of-youtube-tm-videos-on-dental-implants
#19
A Abukaraky, A-A Hamdan, M-N Ameera, M Nasief, Y Hassona
BACKGROUND: Patients search YouTube for health-care information. PURPOSE: To examine what YouTube offers patients seeking information on dental implants, and to evaluate the quality of provided information. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A systematic search of YouTube for videos containing information on dental implants was performed using the key words "Dental implant" and "Tooth replacement". Videos were examined by two senior Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery residents who were trained and calibrated to perform the search...
June 20, 2018: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924761/recurrence-rate-of-odontogenic-keratocyst-treated-by-enucleation-and-peripheral-ostectomy-retrospective-case-series-with-up-to-12-years-of-follow-up
#20
Ç Karaca, K-A Dere, N Er, A Aktaş, E Tosun, O-T Köseoğlu, A Usubütün
BACKGROUND: Odontogenic keratocysts have been reported with high recurrence rates in the literature so various treatment modalities from simple enucleation to resection have been performed to achieve the cure. The purpose of this retrospective study was to investigate the recurrence rate of odontogenic keratocysts (OKCs) treated by enucleation and peripheral ostectomy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An electronic search of the database of the Hacettepe University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pathology, was undertaken to identify patients histologically diagnosed with OKCs treated at Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery between 2001 and 2015...
June 20, 2018: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
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