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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722581/epidemiology-of-diphtheria-in-india-1996-2016-implications-for-prevention-and-control
#1
Manoj Murhekar
Diphtheria is an acute disease caused by exotoxin-producing Corynebacterium diphtheriae. Globally, diphtheria has been showing a declining trend due to effective childhood vaccination programs. A substantial proportion of global burden of diphtheria is contributed by India. Hospital-based surveillance studies as well as diphtheria outbreaks published in last 20 years (1996-2016) indicate that diphtheria cases are frequent among school-going children and adolescents. In some Indian states, Muslim children are affected more...
June 26, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712186/glycaemic-control-of-type-2-diabetic-patients-during-ramazan-fasting
#2
Uzma Malik, Nasir Mahmood, Khurshid Ahmed Khan, Maliha Hameed, Fawad Ahmed Randhawa, Sadia Salman, Amna Riaz, Khadija Waheed, Aqeela Rasheed
BACKGROUND: Among five main pillars of Islam Fasting is one of the key elements, all healthy adult Muslims have to observe fast from dawn till dusk during the holy month of Ramadan. According to a 2009 demographic study, Islam has 1.57 billion believers, making up 23% of the world population of 6.8 billion, and is growing by 3% per year. EPIDIAR (epidemiology of diabetes and Ramadan) study showed that 43% patients with type 1 and 79% patients with type2 diabetes observe fast during the month of Ramadan...
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711095/recommendations-for-culturally-competent-dermatology-care-of-muslim-patients
#3
EDITORIAL
Aamir Hussain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707865/religion-and-science-in-the-eastern-mediterranean
#4
COMMENT
Robert Morrison
“Science and Orthodox Christianity: An Overview” is an ambitious survey that reminds scholars of science in Islamic societies that the conversation between Islam and science is really a conversation between Islam and science in different contexts and that conversations between Islam and science can be found with less renowned scientific developments such as prophetic medicine. This response points out parallels in how Greek Orthodox and Ottoman Muslim scholars mediated new developments in Western European science and in how both Greek Orthodox and some Ottoman Muslim scholars propounded a mathematical humanism...
September 2016: Isis; An International Review Devoted to the History of Science and its Cultural Influences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704270/impact-of-ramadan-on-emergency-department-visits-and-on-medical-emergencies
#5
Reem G Al Assaad, Rana Bachir, Mazen J El Sayed
BACKGROUND: Fasting during Ramadan is important to Muslims. This study describes changes in emergency department (ED) visits and in frequencies of emergency conditions and impact on clinical outcomes during Ramadan in a tertiary care center in Beirut, Lebanon. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients presenting to ED during Ramadan 1 month before and 1 month after Ramadan over a 3-year period with specific conditions (acute coronary syndrome, stroke, seizure, diabetes, renal colic, headache or hypertension) were included...
July 12, 2017: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701842/quality-of-dying-in-the-medical-intensive-care-unit-comparison-between-thai-buddhists-and-thai-muslims
#6
Veerapong Vattanavanit, Supattra Uppanisakorn, Rungsun Bhurayanontachai, Bodin Khwannimit
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Religious belief is an important aspect that influences the life of a patient, especially in Asia. We aim to compare the quality of death in an Intensive Care Unit (ICU) between Buddhists and Muslims from the perspectives of the relatives of the patients and the nurses and physicians. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This was a cohort study of critically ill patients who died after admission to a medical ICU in Songklanagarind Hospital in Thailand between 2015 and 2016...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697620/is-it-just-religious-practice-exploring-patients-reasons-for-choosing-a-faith-based-primary-health-clinic-over-their-local-public-sector-primary-health-clinic
#7
James D Porter, Graham Bresick
BACKGROUND: Person-centred, re-engineered primary health care (PHC) is a national and global priority. Faith-based health care is a significant provider of PHC in sub-Saharan Africa, but there is limited published data on the reasons for patient choice of faith-based health care, particularly in South Africa. AIM: The primary objective was to determine and explore the reasons for patient choice of a faith-based primary care clinic over their local public sector primary care clinic, and secondarily to determine to what extent these reasons were influenced by demography...
June 29, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690667/reclaiming-reconciliation-through-community-education-for-the-muslims-and-tamils-of-post-war-jaffna-sri-lanka
#8
Ross Duncan, Mieke Lopes Cardozo
This paper explores the possibilities and challenges for ethno-religious reconciliation through secondary school education in post-war Sri Lanka, with a specific focus on the Muslim and Tamil communities in the Northern city of Jaffna. In doing so, we position our paper within the growing field of 'education, conflict and emergencies' of which there has been a growing body of literature discussing this contentious relationship. The paper draws from an interdisciplinary and critical theoretical framework that aims to analyse the role of education for peacebuilding, through a multi-scalar application of four interconnected dimensions of social justice: redistribution, recognition, representation and reconciliation (or 4 R's, Novelli, Lopes Cardozo and Smith, 2015)...
March 2017: Res Comp Int Educ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685515/predetermined-anti-diabetic-drug-regimen-adjustments-during-ramadan-fasting-an-observational-study-of-safety
#9
Abdallah M Beano, Mohammad A Zmaili, Zaid H Gheith, Ahmad M Naser, Munther S Momani, Al Motassem F Yousef, Ayman A Zayed
BACKGROUND: Many Muslim type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients choose to fast the month of Ramadan despite the possible adverse health effects brought about by the change in dietary habits, among other things. Clinical data regarding the safety of multi-drug regimens during fasting are particularly scarce. The aim of the study was to evaluate the safety of a drug protocol devised by the authors to accommodate Ramadan's dietary changes, involving dose adjustments of four anti-diabetic drug regimens in T2DM patients fasting Ramadan...
June 2017: Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681406/food-insecurity-partially-mediates-associations-between-social-disadvantage-and-body-composition-among-older-adults-in-india-results-from-the-study-on-global-ageing-and-adult-health-sage
#10
Joshua M Schrock, Heather H McClure, J Josh Snodgrass, Melissa A Liebert, Karen E Charlton, Perianayagam Arokiasamy, Nirmala Naidoo, Paul Kowal
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to test whether food insecurity mediates cross-sectional associations between social disadvantage and body composition among older adults (aged 50+) in India (n = 6556). METHODS: Adjusting for key sociodemographic and dietary variables, we examined whether markers of social disadvantage (lower educational attainment, lower household wealth, belonging to a disadvantaged caste/tribe, and belonging to a minority religion) were associated with food insecurity...
July 5, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680475/the-geography-of-pre-criminal-space-epidemiological-imaginations-of-radicalisation-risk-in-the-uk-prevent-strategy-2007-2017
#11
Charlotte Heath-Kelly
This paper explores geographical and epistemological shifts in the deployment of the UK Prevent strategy, 2007 - 2017. Counter-radicalisation policies of the Labour governments (2006 - 2010) focused heavily upon resilience-building activities in residential communities. They borrowed from historical models of crime prevention and public health to imagine radicalisation risk as an epidemiological concern in areas showing a 2% or higher demography of Muslims. However, this racialized and localised imagination of pre-criminal space was replaced, after the election of the Conservative-Liberal Democrat coalition in 2010...
2017: Crit Stud Terror
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680186/the-effect-of-religiosity-on-life-satisfaction-in-a-secularized-context-assessing-the-relevance-of-believing-and-belonging
#12
Josje Ten Kate, Willem de Koster, Jeroen van der Waal
The positive relationship between religiosity and life satisfaction is well-established. This relationship is, however, likely to vary across cultural contexts and different religious affiliations. Furthermore, research is needed to uncover why religion is relevant for life satisfaction. Addressing these issues, we investigate what dimensions of being religious play a role in the life satisfaction of individuals with different religious affiliations, including the understudied Muslim category, in the highly secularized Dutch context...
2017: Review of Religious Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669707/a-multiplex-arms-pcr-approach-to-detection-of-common-%C3%AE-globin-gene-mutations
#13
Kanchan K Mishra, Parizad Patel, Dipal S Bhukhanvala, Avani Shah, Kanjaksha Ghosh
BACKGROUND: β-thalassaemia is a group of inherited single-gene disorders worldwide. Each ethnic population has its own common mutations. Heterogeneity of β-thalassaemia mutations in multi-ethnic population of Surat, makes molecular diagnosis expensive and time consuming. METHODS: Specific primers were used to differentiate four common mutations, IVS I-5 (G→C), Codon 41/42 (- TCTT), 619-bp deletion and FS 8/9 (+G), by a simple PCR involving a multiplex amplification refractory mutation system...
June 29, 2017: Analytical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669217/risky-sexual-behaviors-among-malay-adolescents-a-comparison-with-chinese-adolescents-in-singapore
#14
Junice Y S Ng, Mee-Lian Wong
OBJECTIVE: Malays, with majority of the individuals being Muslim, form the largest ethnic group in Southeast Asia. This region is experiencing a rising incidence of HIV infections. Due to circumcision and prohibition of sex outside marriage, being Muslim was argued to be a protective factor against sexually transmitted infections (STI) and Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). However, Malay adolescents were found to be more likely to contract chlamydia and gonorrhea than non-Malay adolescents in Singapore...
July 1, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667475/smoking-and-religion-untangling-associations-using-english-survey-data
#15
Manzoor Hussain, Charlie Walker, Graham Moon
While factors affecting smoking are well documented, the role of religion has received little attention. This national study aims to assess the extent to which religious affiliation is associated with current-smoking and ever-smoking, controlling for age, sex, ethnicity and socio-economic status. Variations between adult and youth populations are examined using secondary analysis of individual-level data from 5 years of the Health Survey for England for adult (aged >20, n = 39,837) and youth (aged 16-20, n = 2355) samples...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665980/the-effects-of-name-and-religious-priming-on-ratings-of-a-well-known-political-figure-president-barack-obama
#16
Gary A Williams, AnaMarie C Guichard, JungHa An
Priming with race-typed names and religious concepts have been shown to activate stereotypes and increase prejudice towards out-groups. We examined the effects of name and religious word priming on views of a specific and well-known person, President Barack Obama. We predicted that politically conservative participants primed with President Obama's middle name (Hussein) would rate him more negatively and be more likely to view him as a Muslim than those not shown his middle name. We also examined whether conservatives primed with concrete religious words would rate President Obama more negatively and be more likely to view him as Muslim than those primed with other word types...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655901/chronic-sleep-restriction-increases-negative-implicit-attitudes-toward-arab-muslims
#17
Anna Alkozei, William D S Killgore, Ryan Smith, Natalie S Dailey, Sahil Bajaj, Monika Haack
Chronic sleep restriction is a common experience; and while it has negative physiological effects, little is known about how it affects human behavior. To date, no study has investigated whether chronic sleep restriction can influence implicit attitudes (e.g., towards a race). Here, in a randomized, counterbalanced crossover design, we subjected participants to 3 weeks of chronic sleep restriction in the lab (i.e., 3 weekly cycles of 5 nights of 4 hours of sleep per night followed by 2 nights of 8 hours of sleep) and found evidence for an increased negative implicit bias towards Arab Muslims...
June 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655017/prevalence-and-ethnic-pattern-of-diabetes-and-prediabetes-in-china-in-2013
#18
Limin Wang, Pei Gao, Mei Zhang, Zhengjing Huang, Dudan Zhang, Qian Deng, Yichong Li, Zhenping Zhao, Xueying Qin, Danyao Jin, Maigeng Zhou, Xun Tang, Yonghua Hu, Linhong Wang
Importance: Previous studies have shown increasing prevalence of diabetes in China, which now has the world's largest diabetes epidemic. Objectives: To estimate the recent prevalence and to investigate the ethnic variation of diabetes and prediabetes in the Chinese adult population. Design, Setting, and Participants: A nationally representative cross-sectional survey in 2013 in mainland China, which consisted of 170 287 participants. Exposures: Fasting plasma glucose and hemoglobin A1c levels were measured for all participants...
June 27, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652197/emergence-of-drug-resistant-bacteria-at-the-hajj-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Thongpan Leangapichart, Jean-Marc Rolain, Ziad A Memish, Jaffar A Al-Tawfiq, Philippe Gautret
BACKGROUND: Hajj is the annual mass gathering of Muslims, and is a reservoir and potential source of bacterial transmission. The emergence of bacterial transmission, including multi-drug resistance (MDR) bacteria, during Hajj has not been systematically assessed. METHODS: Articles in Pubmed, Scopus, and Google scholar were identified using controlled words relating to antibiotic resistance (AR) at the Hajj from January 2002 to January 2017. Eligible studies were identified by two researchers...
June 23, 2017: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647911/religiosity-and-healthy-lifestyle-behaviours-in-malaysian-muslims-the-mediating-role-of-subjective-well-being-and-self-regulation
#20
Swan Ee Tey, Miriam Sang-Ah Park, Karen Jennifer Golden
Past research on healthy lifestyle behaviours has been primarily conducted within Western or Judeo-Christian contexts, while non-Western or Muslim contexts remain under-represented. This study examined predictors of healthy lifestyle behaviours (religiosity, goal-setting, impulse control, and subjective well-being) in Malaysian Muslims and explored the mechanisms underlying the relationship between religiosity and healthy lifestyle behaviours. Self-report survey responses from 183 healthy adults (M age = 28...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
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