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Dianne Gabriela Habib, Casswina Donald, Gerard Hutchinson
Religious behaviour tends to correlate positively with life satisfaction. The predictive power of this relationship is associated with various socio-demographic factors such as age, gender and religious affiliation. We investigated the relationship between religious involvement and life satisfaction in a multi-religious population of undergraduate medical students of the University of the West Indies. We used a cross-sectional design to assess 228 undergraduates (50 males and 178 females) on religiosity, religious well-being and life satisfaction using the Religious Orientation Test, Religious Well-Being subscale and the Satisfaction with Life Scale, respectively...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Mohammad Alfelali, Osamah Barasheed, Al-Mamoon Badahdah, Hamid Bokhary, Mohammed I Azeem, Turki Habeebullah, Marwan Bakarman, Atif Asghar, Robert Booy, Harunor Rashid
BACKGROUND: Hajj is the world's largest annual mass gathering that attracts two to three million Muslims from around the globe to a religious assemblage in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. The risk of acquisition and transmission of influenza among Hajj pilgrims is high. Therefore, influenza vaccination is recommended, and was monitored frequently among pilgrims from different countries. However, the vaccination uptake among Saudi pilgrims has not been assessed in recent years. OBJECTIVE: This analysis aims to evaluate influenza vaccine uptake among Saudi Hajj pilgrims, and identify the key barriers to vaccination...
March 16, 2018: Vaccine
Nidal Abukhaizaran, Mohammed Hashem, Osama Hroub, Souad Belkebir, Khaled Demyati
BACKGROUND: Organ transplantation is the treatment of choice for organ failure, but organs are scarce and their availability is affected by relational ties, religious beliefs, cultural influences, body integrity, medical mistrust, and other factors. This aim of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of Palestinian population with respect to organ donation. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we used a validated questionnaire delivered by land telephone to collect data on the knowledge, attitudes, and practices relating to organ donation in the general population of the West Bank...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
Liana Al-Labadi, Yazan Gammoh, Reham Shehada, Reem Shahin, Walaa Jbarah, Madleen Amro, Hanan Athamny
BACKGROUND: Access to corneal transplantation is limited worldwide because of poor knowledge. Ethical, religious, and cultural barriers contribute to low rates of corneal donation. In the occupied Palestinian territory, limited information is available on factors affecting corneal donation. The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge and willingness towards corneal donation in Palestinian students. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included university students selected through convenience sampling in Nablus in the summer of 2016...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
Mujgan Inozu, Yasemin Kahya, Orcun Yorulmaz
Neuroticism and religiosity are distal vulnerability factors for OCD phenomenon. The present study aimed to examine the roles of obsessive beliefs (OBs), thought-control strategies, and guilt in the relationship between these vulnerability factors and obsessive-compulsive symptoms (OCSs), specifically scrupulosity symptoms in a Muslim sample via SEM. The sample consisted of 273 university students who filled out a set of questionnaires. The results indicated that neuroticism and the degree of religiosity predict OBs that are positively associated with guilt and self-punishment both of which predict scrupulosity and other OCSs...
March 17, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Xianhua Wang, Aiguo Ma, Xiuxia Han, Aishan Litifu, Feng Xue
Seven single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) sites located in ASAP1 gene have been found associated with tuberculosis (TB) susceptibility by genome-wide association studies in Russia. The case-control study was carried out to test whether these seven SNPs were associated with susceptibility to TB in a Chinese Xinjiang Muslim population. The seven SNPs were genotyped in a case-control design that included 780 Xinjiang Muslim subjects (400 TB patients and 380 controls). Multiplex PCR and direct sequencing were used to detect ASAP1 gene polymorphisms...
April 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Marcia C Inhorn, Pasquale Patrizio
Reproductive health services, including infertility care, are important in countries with infrastructure deficits, such as Lebanon, which now hosts more than one million Syrian refugees. Islamic prohibitions on child adoption and third-party reproductive assistance (donor eggs, sperm, embryos, and surrogacy) mean that most Muslim couples must turn to in vitro fertilization (IVF) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) to overcome their childlessness. Attempts to bring low-cost IVF-ICSI to underserved populations might help infertile couples where no other services are available...
March 1, 2018: AMA Journal of Ethics
Jordana Salma, Kathleen F Hunter, Linda Ogilvie, Norah Keating
Background Arab immigrants have increasing rates of stroke and uncontrolled stroke risk factors coupled with minimal resources for stroke prevention. Purpose This article describes the results of an interpretive descriptive study about Arab immigrant women's experiences of practicing stroke prevention. We use an intersectionality approach to discuss some of the factors that influenced women's ability to manage their health. Methods Sixteen middle-aged and older Arab Muslim immigrant women were recruited between 2015 and 2016 from two religious centers in an urban Canadian center...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, Revue Canadienne de Recherche en Sciences Infirmières
Shadia Hassan, Fadi Hassan, Nur Abbas, Kamal Hassan, Nihal Khatib, Rabia Edgim, Rawia Fadol, Khaled Khazim
BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study is the first of its kind to examine the impact of the Ramadan fasting on hydration status, plasma brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels, and kidney function in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patient. METHODS: This prospective cohort study included 2 groups of patients with CKD grades 2-4: thirty-one Muslim patients who fasted the month of Ramadan (fasting group) and 26 Muslim patients who did not fast (control group). One week before the Ramadan fast, in the last week of the month of Ramadan (4 weeks), and 4 weeks after the end of the Ramadan month (8 weeks), hydration status and blood analysis of urea, creatinine and BNP levels were measured...
March 8, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Khushbu Jain, Schweta Sharma, Samani Chaitanya Prajna, Viney Jain
Background: Increasing antisocial and violent behaviors in adolescents and young adults present serious challenges for public health. Children with persistent high levels of aggressiveness are often associated with developing conduct disorders later in life. Early detection of highly aggressive children and sociodemographic risk-modifying factors are important for developing effective preventive strategies. Objectives: The present study was undertaken to assess levels of aggressiveness for detecting highly aggressive children in sample populations of primary school children in an urban setting and determine significant biosociocultural risk-modifying factors in this scenario...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
Saeed Pahlevan Sharif, Fon Sim Ong
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between spirituality with quality of life and stress of Malay Muslim breast cancer patients in Malaysia. In addition, the moderating role of education on this relationship was examined. Participants consisted of 145 conveniently selected Malay breast cancer patients. The results indicated that the more spiritual respondents reported a higher level of quality of life and lower level of stress. Moreover, education weakened the relationship between spirituality with quality of life and stress...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Eric Y Tenkorang
Background: Limited studies exist on the effects of knowledge and risk perceptions in Ebola-preventive behaviours in Ghana. Methods: Using data collected from 800 respondents in 40 randomly selected communities in the Greater Accra Region of Ghana, this study employed hierarchical linear modelling to examine the effects of individual- and community-level factors on Ebola-preventive behaviours. Results: The study found individual- and community-level factors are significantly associated with Ebola-preventive behaviours...
March 1, 2018: International Health
Akiko Kamimura, Mu Pye, Kai Sin, Maziar M Nourian, Nushean Assasnik, Mary Stoddard, Caren J Frost
The purpose of this study was to examine the health and well-being of women migrating from predominantly Muslim countries to the U.S. Women from predominantly Muslim countries completed a paper survey on the following topics from June to December in 2016 (N=102): depression; physical functioning; self-reported general health; experiences with health care; and demographic characteristics. There were several women's health-related issues: low rates for mammography and Pap smear screening, and preference for female physicians and/or physicians from the same culture...
2018: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
Zahra Sheikhalipour, Vahid Zamanzadeh, Leili Borimnejad, Leila Valizadeh, Sarah Newton, Mohammad Shahbazi, Afshar Zomorrodi, Mojtaba Nazari
BACKGROUND: Awaiting organ transplantation can be stressful, and pretransplant candidates' religious and cultural beliefs can influence how they adapt to the stress. While little is known about the effect religious and cultural beliefs have on the pretransplant waiting period, virtually nothing is known regarding whether and how Shia Muslim patients' religious and cultural beliefs facilitate more positive patient outcomes while they await transplantation. Therefore, it is important for nurses and other health care providers to understand transplant candidates' experiences dealing with the stressors that present themselves during the pretransplant waiting period, especially how their religious and cultural beliefs affect their adaptation to the stressors...
February 1, 2018: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
Chaïma Ahaddour, Bert Broeckaert, Stef Van den Branden
This study aims to elicit the beliefs and attitudes of middle-aged and elderly Moroccan Muslim women toward dying, death and the afterlife; to identify whether differences are observable between middle-aged and elderly participants and to document how the actual attitudes of our participants relate to normative Islamic literature. Interviews were conducted with middle-aged and elderly Moroccan women living in Belgium (n = 30) and with experts in the field (n = 15). This study reveals that the belief in an omnipotent and omniscient God and in an afterlife strongly marks the attitudes of first and second generation Muslims in Belgium towards life and death...
February 26, 2018: Death Studies
Behara Satyanarayana, Aidy M Muslim, Nurul Amira Izzaty Horsali, Nurul Ashikin Mat Zauki, Viviana Otero, Muhammad Izuan Nadzri, Sulong Ibrahim, Mohd-Lokman Husain, Farid Dahdouh-Guebas
Brunei Bay, which receives freshwater discharge from four major rivers, namely Limbang, Sundar, Weston and Menumbok, hosts a luxuriant mangrove cover in East Malaysia. However, this relatively undisturbed mangrove forest has been less scientifically explored, especially in terms of vegetation structure, ecosystem services and functioning, and land-use/cover changes. In the present study, mangrove areal extent together with species composition and distribution at the four notified estuaries was evaluated through remote sensing (Advanced Land Observation Satellite-ALOS) and ground-truth (Point-Centred Quarter Method-PCQM) observations...
2018: PeerJ
Leonie Wilhelm, Andrea S Hartmann, Julia C Becker, Melahat Kişi, Manuel Waldorf, Silja Vocks
Although Islam is the fastest growing religion worldwide, only few studies have investigated body image in Muslim women, and no study has investigated body checking. Therefore, the present study examined whether body image, body checking, and disordered eating differ between veiled and unveiled Muslim women, Christian women, and atheist women. While the groups did not differ regarding body dissatisfaction, unveiled Muslim women reported more checking than veiled Muslim and Christian women, and higher bulimia scores than Christian...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Munas M Muzrif, Dinusha Perera, Kumudu Wijewardena, Berit Schei, Katarina Swahnberg
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to assess the regional differences in domestic violence among pregnant women in the capital district and in the tea plantation sector of Sri Lanka, to explore potential contributory factors and to assess whether healthcare workers addressed domestic violence and disclosure among survivors. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was carried out using interviewer-administered Abuse Assessment Screen. SETTING: Fifty-seven antenatal clinic centres in the capital district and 30 in the tea plantation sector...
February 20, 2018: BMJ Open
Panagiotis Tsikouras, Dorelia Deuteraiou, Anastasia Bothou, Xanthi Anthoulaki, Anna Chalkidou, Eleftherios Chatzimichael, Fotini Gaitatzi, Bachar Manav, Zacharoula Koukoul, Stefanos Zervoudis, Grigorios Trypsianis, George Galazios
Abstract : Introduction : The goal of our study was to investigate and evaluate the contraceptive behavior in teenagers from our family planning centre that services two different religious and socioeconomic populations living in the Thrace area. Methods : During the last 10 years 115 Christian Orthodox (group A) and 53 Muslim teenagers (group B) were enrolled in our retrospective study. Contraceptive practice attitudes were assessed by a questionnaire. Religion, demographics, socio-economic characteristics were key factors used to discuss contraception and avoid unplanned pregnancy in each group and to compare with the contraceptive method used...
February 15, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Jila Mirlashari, Sousan Valizadeh, Elham Navab, Jenene W Craig, Fatemeh Ghorbani
Nurses in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) have an important role in implementing family-centered care (FCC). The aim of the study was to explore the lived experiences of NICU nurses on implementing FCC. An interpretative phenomenological study was conducted and 11 employed nurses were interviewed from April 2015 to February 2016. The data were analyzed through the Diekelmann, Allen, and Tanner approach. Four main themes of "strain to achieve stability," "bewildered by taking multiple roles," "accepting the family," and "reaching bright horizon" were extracted...
February 1, 2018: Clinical Nursing Research
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