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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226038/filial-care-and-the-relationship-with-the-elderly-in-families-of-different-nationalities
#1
Jossiana Wilke Faller, Adriana Zilly, Angela Maria Alvarez, Sonia Silva Marcon
Objective: identify how filial care and the relationship with the elderly occur in families of different nationalities. Method: qualitative study carried out in a town on the triple frontier of Paraná, comprising 33 elderly people of five different nationalities, adopting the Symbolic Interactionism and the Grounded Theory as theoretical-methodological strategy. Results: among Lebanese people, the Muslim religion teaches children to obey and respect parents; among French, distant family relationships and institutions for the elderly stand out...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220954/is-god-just-a-big-person-children-s-conceptions-of-god-across-cultures-and-religious-traditions
#2
Melanie A Nyhof, Carl N Johnson
The present research examines the influence of intuitive cognitive domain and religion on the God concepts of children growing up in religious traditions that present God in ways varying from abstract to concrete. In Study 1, we compared children from a Latter-Day Saints (LDS) background with those from mainstream Christian (MC) backgrounds in the United States. In contrast to MC theology that holds that God is all-knowing, all-powerful, and disembodied, LDS theology depicts God as embodied. In Study 1, 3- to 7-year-olds from LDS and MC backgrounds were asked about supernatural mental and immaterial attributes of God, a ghost, a dad, and a bug...
March 2017: British Journal of Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218670/religion-and-animal-welfare-an-islamic-perspective
#3
REVIEW
Sira Abdul Rahman
Islam is a comprehensive religion guiding the lives of its followers through sets of rules governing the personal, social, and public aspects through the verses of the Holy Qur'an and Hadiths, the compilation of the traditions of Prophet Mohammed (pbuh), the two main documents that serve as guidelines. Islam is explicit with regard to using animals for human purposes and there is a rich tradition of the Prophet Mohammad's (pbuh) concern for animals to be found in the Hadith and Sunna. Islam has also laid down rules for humane slaughter...
February 17, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216772/perceived-coercion-in-persons-with-mental-disorder-in-india-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
B N Raveesh, S Pathare, P Lepping, E O Noorthoorn, G S Gowda, J G F Bunders-Aelen
BACKGROUND: Little is known about how patients in India perceive coercion in psychiatric care. AIMS: To assess perceived coercion in persons with mental disorder admitted involuntarily and correlate with sociodemographic factors and illness variables. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We administered the short MacArthur Admission Experience Interview Questionnaire to all consecutive involuntary psychiatric patients admitted in 2014 in Mysore, India. Multivariate linear regression was used...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216182/-your-health-essential-for-your-hajj-muslim-pilgrims-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-regarding-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-mers-cov-during-hajj-season
#5
Faten Alhomoud, Farah Alhomoud
BACKGROUND: Up to date, there have been no studies to evaluate pilgrims' knowledge, attitude and practices regarding MERS-CoV during the annual Hajj pilgrimage in order to see whether there is a need for these aspects to be improved. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey study was conducted with a convenience sampling. Participants were pilgrims, aged over 18, and able to speak Arabic or English. A self-administered structured questionnaire was distributed during Hajj season in Mecca...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207990/carbonic-anhydrase-and-urease-inhibitory-potential-of-various-plant-phenolics-using-in-vitro-and-in-silico-methods
#6
Abdur Rauf, Muslim Raza, Muhammad Saleem, Ufuk Ozgen, Esen Sezen Karaoglan, Gulin Renda, Erhan Palaska, Ilkay Erdogan Orhan
Plant phenolics are known to display many pharmacological activities. In the current study, eight phenolic compounds [e.g. luteolin 5-O-β-glucoside (1), methyl rosmarinate (2), apigenin (3), vicenin 2 (4), lithospermic acid (5), soyasaponin II (6), rubiadin 3-O-β-primeveroside (7), 4(3,4dihydroxybenzoyloxymethyl)phenyl-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (8)] isolated from various plant species were tested at 0.2 mM against carbonic anhydrase-II (CA-II) and urease using microtiter assays. Urease inhibition rate for compounds 1-8 ranged between 5...
February 16, 2017: Chemistry & Biodiversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207856/biodiesel-production-potential-from-fat-fraction-of-municipal-waste-in-makkah
#7
K Shahzad, A S Nizami, M Sagir, M Rehan, S Maier, M Z Khan, O K M Ouda, I M I Ismail, A O BaFail
In the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), millions of Muslims come to perform Pilgrimage every year. Around one million ton of municipal solid waste (MSW) is generated in Makkah city annually. The collected MSW is disposed of in the landfills without any treatment or energy recovery. As a result, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and contamination of the soil and water bodies along with leachate and odors are occurring in waste disposal vicinities. The composition of MSW shows that food waste is the largest waste stream (up to 51%) of the total generated MSW...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207844/population-attributable-fraction-of-incident-hiv-infections-associated-with-alcohol-consumption-in-fishing-communities-around-lake-victoria-uganda
#8
Noah Kiwanuka, Ali Ssetaala, Ismail Ssekandi, Annet Nalutaaya, Paul Kato Kitandwe, Julius Ssempiira, Bernard Ssentalo Bagaya, Apolo Balyegisawa, Pontiano Kaleebu, Judith Hahn, Christina Lindan, Nelson Kaulukusi Sewankambo
BACKGROUND: Although the association between alcohol consumption and HIV risk is well documented, few studies have examined the magnitude of new HIV infections that could be prevented by controlling alcohol use. We report the population attributable fraction (PAF) of incident HIV infections due to alcohol consumption among the HIV high-risk population of fishing communities along Lake Victoria, Uganda. METHODS: In a community-based cohort study, 1607 HIV sero-negative participants aged 18-49 years were enrolled from eight fishing communities along Lake Victoria, Uganda...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206858/genetic-polymorphism-of-aedes-albopictus-population-inferred-from-nd5-gene-variabilities-in-subang-jaya-malaysia
#9
Nurul Adilah-Amrannudin, Mayamin Hamsidi, Nurul-Ain Ismail, Rodziah Ismail, Nazri Che Dom, Abu Hassan Ahmad, Mohd Fahmi Mastuki, Tengku Shahrul Anuar Tengku Ahmad Basri, Adira Khalid, Mohammad Muslim, Nurul Amalina Ahmad Daud, Siti Nazrina Camalxaman
This study was performed to establish the genetic variability of Aedes albopictus within Subang Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia, by using the nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide dehydrogenase 5 subunit (ND5) mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) marker. A total of 90 samples were collected from 9 localities within an area of the Subang Jaya Municipality. Genetic variability was determined through the amplification and sequencing of a fragment of the ND5 gene. Eight distinct mtDNA haplotypes were identified. The evolutionary relationship of the local haplotypes alongside 28 reference strains was used to construct a phylogram, the analysis of which revealed low genetic differentiation in terms of both nucleotide and haplotype diversity...
December 2016: Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202159/positive-and-negative-contact-and-attitudes-towards-the-religious-out-group-testing-the-contact-hypothesis-in-conflict-and-non-conflict-regions-of-indonesia-and-the-philippines
#10
Agnieszka Kanas, Peer Scheepers, Carl Sterkens
This study examines the relationship between interreligious contact and negative attitudes towards the religious out-group. It uses unique survey data collected by the authors among Christian and Muslim students in Maluku and Yogyakarta (Indonesia) and Mindanao and Metro Manila (the Philippines). Even after taking self-selection effects into account, interreligious friendships reduce negative attitudes towards the religious out-group. However, casual interreligious contact increases negative out-group attitudes...
March 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202144/ethnic-and-gender-earning-gaps-in-a-liberalized-economy-the-case-of-israel
#11
Benjamin Bental, Vered Kraus, Yuval Yonay
During the 1990s and the 2000s Israel, a country ethnically divided into a dominant Jewish majority and a disadvantaged mostly Muslim Palestinian minority, underwent a transition from a heavily regulated to a neo-liberal economy. This paper makes use of the Israeli case to shed light on the effect of liberalization on earning gaps in the public and private sectors across dominant and disadvantaged population groups. The data, drawn from the 1995 and 2008 censuses-years that encompass the transition period, enable a dynamic investigation of the liberalization process by comparing labor market outcomes for Israeli Jews and Muslims of both genders working in the public or private sector...
March 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198548/phylogenetic-characterization-of-circulating-dengue-and-alkhumra-hemorrhagic-fever-viruses-in-western-saudi-arabia-and-lack-of-evidence-of-zika-virus-in-the-region-a-retrospective-study-2010-2015
#12
Moneerah S Al-Saeed, Sherif A El-Kafrawy, Suha A Farraj, Tagreed L Al-Subhi, Norah A Othman, Arwa Alsultan, Huda G Ben Helaby, Mustafa M Alshawdari, Ahmed M Hassan, Remi N Charrel, Esam I Azhar, Anwar M Hashem
Flaviviruses represent a global public health concern. They consist of ∼70 viruses with almost half of them causing human diseases with unspecified febrile illnesses. Cities in western Saudi Arabia are endemic for viruses (DENV) with sporadic infections due to Alkhumra hemorrhagic fever virus (AHFV). They also represent a major destination for travelers coming for annual religious pilgrimages (Hajj and Umrah) from all over the world. However, whether other flaviviruses are circulating is not known because of the limited number of surveillance studies...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196517/simultaneous-detection-of-bovine-and-porcine-dna-in-pharmaceutical-gelatin-capsules-by-duplex-pcr-assay-for-halal-authentication
#13
Jafar Nikzad, Soraya Shahhosseini, Maryam Tabarzad, Nastaran Nafissi-Varcheh, Maryam Torshabi
BACKGROUND: In the pharmaceutical industry, hard- and soft-shelled capsules are typically made from gelatin, commonly derived from bovine and porcine sources. To ensure that pharmaceutical products comply with halal regulations in Muslim countries (no porcine products allowed), development of a valid, reliable, quick, and most importantly, cost-effective tests are of utmost importance. METHODS: We developed a species-specific duplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay targeting 149 bp porcine and 271 bp bovine mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) to simultaneously detect both porcine and bovine DNA (in one reaction at the same time) in gelatin...
February 14, 2017: Daru: Journal of Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194416/reported-male-circumcision-practices-in-a-muslim-majority-setting
#14
Abdul Wahid Anwer, Lubna Samad, Sundus Iftikhar, Naila Baig-Ansari
Introduction. Male circumcision is a recommended practice in Muslim tradition. It is important to ensure that this procedure is performed as safely as possible in these communities. Methods. Five hundred adult men and women with at least one male child less than 18 years were interviewed in Karachi, Pakistan, regarding details of their child's circumcision. The survey focused on actual and perceived delays in circumcision and perceptions about appropriate age and reasons and benefits and complications of the procedure...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181087/fasting-diabetes-and-optimizing-health-outcomes-for-ramadan-observers-a-literature-review
#15
REVIEW
Hadi A Almansour, Betty Chaar, Bandana Saini
INTRODUCTION: Globally, and in Australia, diabetes has become a common chronic health condition. Diabetes is also quite prevalent in culturally and linguistically diverse pockets of the Australian population, including Muslims. There are over 90 million Muslims with diabetes worldwide. Diabetes management and medication use can be affected by religious practices such as fasting during Ramadan. During Ramadan, Muslims refrain from oral or intravenous substances from sunrise to sunset...
February 8, 2017: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160324/molecular-diagnosis-of-%C3%AE-thalassemia-in-a-multi-ethnic-population
#16
Oded Gilad, Orna Steinberg Shemer, Michal Nevo, Orly Dgany, Tanya Krasnov, Sharon Noy-Lotan, Ron Rabinowicz, Nofar Amitai, Shifra Ben-Dor, Isaac Yaniv, Joanne Yacobovich, Hannah Tamary
OBJECTIVE: α-Thalassemia, one of the most common genetic diseases, is caused by deletions or point mutations affecting one to four α-globin genes. Molecular diagnosis is important to prevent the most severe forms of the disease. However, the diagnosis of α-thalassemia is complex due to a high variability of the genetic defects involved, with over 250 described mutations. We summarize herein the findings of genetic analyses of DNA samples referred to our laboratory for the molecular diagnosis of α-thalassemia, along with a detailed clinical description...
February 3, 2017: European Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160189/religious-commitment-and-its-relation-to-happiness-among-muslim-students-the-educational-level-as-moderator
#17
Meguellati Achour, Mohd Roslan Mohd Nor, Bouketir Amel, Haji Mohammad Bin Seman, Mohd Yakub Zulkifli MohdYusoff
This study examines the relationship between religiosity and level of happiness in an Islamic context among Muslim students studying at Malaysian universities. The determinants of happiness included in this research are positive attitudes, self-esteem, and other-esteem. Religiosity has long been considered as the main determinant in increasing happiness, and educational level strengthens its relationship. For this purpose, the researchers sampled 230 Muslim students aged 17-40 years studying at Malaysian universities in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159120/women-s-experiences-of-stillbirth-in-somaliland-a-phenomenological-description
#18
Hodan Mohamoud Osman, Jama Ali Egal, Jonah Kiruja, Fatumo Osman, Ulrika Byrskog, Kerstin Erlandsson
BACKGROUND: Low- and middle-income countries in Africa have the highest rates of stillbirths in the world today: as such, the stories of the grief of these women who have had a stillbirth in these settings need to be told and the silence on stillbirth needs to be broken. In an attempt to fill this gap, the aim of this study was to describe the experiences of Muslim Somali mothers who have lost their babies at birth. METHOD: Qualitative interviews with ten Somali women one to six months after they experienced a stillbirth...
March 2017: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159024/excess-long-term-mortality-among-hospital-survivors-of-acute-myocardial-infarction-soroka-acute-myocardial-infarction-sami-project
#19
Y Plakht, H Gilutz, A Shiyovich
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated long-term survival after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in unselected 'real life' patients according to the various risk groups, and it's persistence with time after AMI as compared with the matched general population. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. METHODS: Data were collected from 2671 AMI hospital survivors (tertiary medical centre in Israel), which included demographics, clinical characteristics of AMI, comorbidities, interventions and test results...
February 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158322/from-muslim-registries-to-radical-health-care-reform-caring-for-patients-in-an-era-of-political-anxiety
#20
Reshma Jagsi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 3, 2017: JAMA Oncology
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