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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435109/visible-light-inactivation-of-e-coli-cytotoxicity-and-ros-determination-of-biochemically-capped-gold-nanoparticles
#1
Faheem Ullah Khan, Yongmei Chen, Naeem Ullah Khan, Aftab Ahmad, Kamran Tahir, Zia UlHaq Khan, Arif Ullah Khan, Shifa Ullah Khan, Muslim Raza, Pingyu Wan
The formation of metal nanoparticles is one of the most vast and intensifying research areas in favor of prospective applications for the advancement of new technologies. It is a well-founded, significant feature of green chemistry that making marvelous interconnection between nano-biotechnology and microbial biotechnology. In the present research, the aqueous extract of medicinally important plant Coptis Chinensis (in Chinese called "gold thread") was applied for the synthesis of gold nanoparticles (Au-NPs)...
April 20, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434687/vaccine-hesitancy-among-parents-in-a-multi-ethnic-country-malaysia
#2
Fatin Shaheera Mohd Azizi, Yueting Kew, Foong Ming Moy
BACKGROUND: Vaccine hesitancy is a threat in combating vaccine-preventable diseases. It has been studied extensively in the Western countries but not so among Asian countries. OBJECTIVES: To assess the test-retest reliability of the Parent Attitudes about Childhood Vaccines (PACV) questionnaire in Malay language; to determine the prevalence of vaccine hesitancy among parents and its associations with parents' socio-demographic characteristics. METHODS: Forward and backward translation of PACV in Malay language was carried out...
April 20, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422513/reducing-susceptibility-to-courtesy-stigma
#3
Catherine L Bachleda, Leila El Menzhi
In light of the chronic shortage of health professionals willing to care for HIV/AIDS patients, and rising epidemics in many Muslim countries, this qualitative study examined susceptibility and resistance to courtesy stigma as experienced by nurses, doctors, and social workers in Morocco. Forty-nine in-depth interviews provided rich insights into the process of courtesy stigma and how it is managed, within the context of interactions with Islam, interactions within the workplace (patients, other health professionals), and interactions outside the workplace (the general public, friends, and family)...
April 19, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419498/perceptions-and-experiences-of-marriage-preparation-among-u-s-muslims-multiple-voices-from-the-community
#4
Amal Killawi, Elham Fathi, Iman Dadras, Manijeh Daneshpour, Arij Elmi, Hamada Altalib
Although Muslims in the United States are a growing population, there is limited research on their relational patterns and how they prepare for marriage. We conducted in-depth interviews with 32 members of the Muslim community in Southeast Michigan including married individuals, divorced individuals, therapists, and imams (Muslim religious leaders) to explore their perceptions and experiences of marriage preparation. Our analysis revealed that marriage preparation varies but is less likely to involve a requirement of premarital counseling, with imams being the primary providers, not therapists...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419353/the-effect-of-ramadan-fast-on-the-incidence-of-renal-colic-emergency-department-visits
#5
Iftach Sagy, Vladimir Zeldetz, Daniel Halperin, Muhammad Abu Tailakh, Victor Novack
Background: Renal colic (RC) is one of the most common reasons for emergency department (ED) visits. Although RC is associated with high ambient temperature and with physiological changes that occur during fast, the literature onbetween Ramadan and RC incidence is scarce. Methods: We obtained health data of patients visited the emergency department (ED) of a large tertiary center during the years 2004-2015, with a primary diagnosis of RC. To estimate the association of RC and Ramadan, we utilized bi-weekly RC incidence Poisson models adjusted for ambient temperature and seasonality in two ethnic groups residing in the region: Muslims and Jews...
April 13, 2017: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413810/a-subtle-economy-of-time-social-media-and-the-transformation-of-indonesia-s-islamic-preacher-economy
#6
Martin Slama
The article is concerned with the latest developments in Indonesia's Islamic field. Its focus is on the role of social media in exchange relationships between Islamic preachers and their constituency. The article first discusses economic exchanges between preachers and their followers, and then it concentrates on social exchanges and how they are mediated today. Empirically, the article delivers insight into the concerns of mostly female Indonesian middle-class Muslims and shows how preachers have to adjust to the needs of their followers who are regularly online...
January 2017: Econ Anthropol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400124/sex-disparities-among-persons-receiving-operative-care-during-armed-conflicts
#7
Joseph D Forrester, Jared A Forrester, Jean-Paul Basimouneye, Mohammad-Zahir Tahir, Miguel Trelles, Adam L Kushner, Sherry M Wren
BACKGROUND: Armed conflict increasingly involves civilian populations, and health care needs may be immense. We hypothesized that sex disparities may exist among persons receiving operative care in conflict zones and sought to describe predictors of disparity. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of operative interventions performed between 2008 and 2014 at Médecins Sans Frontières Operation Center Brussels conflict projects. A Médecins Sans Frontières Operation Center Brussels conflict project was defined as a program established in response to human conflict, war, or social unrest...
April 8, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394155/alcohol-use-among-arab-muslim-adolescents-a-mediation-moderation-model-of-family-peer-and-community-factors
#8
Rana Eseed, Mona Khoury-Kassabri
Alcohol use among Muslims has received scant research attention, and little is known about the factors that underlie Arab Muslim adolescents' use of alcohol. The data used in this study is based on a large and representative sample of 2,948 Arab Muslim students from Israel, aged 11-18. The results showed that almost 10% of the adolescents reported using alcohol. The findings indicated that greater exposure to community violence victimization increases the risk for adolescent affiliation with delinquent peers, which in turn increases the use of alcohol...
April 10, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392620/barriers-to-higher-education-commonalities-and-contrasts-in-the-experiences-of-hindu-and-muslim-young-women-in-urban-bengaluru
#9
Biswamitra Sahu, Patricia Jeffery, N Nakkeeran
Gender inequalities in educational attainment have attracted considerable attention and this article aims to contribute to our understanding of young women's access to higher education. The article is based on our in-depth interviews with 26 Hindu and Muslim young women attending colleges in urban Bengaluru (formerly Bangalore), south India, and explores the barriers they confronted in fulfilling their aspirations. We highlight the similarities amongst the young women, as well as the distinctive experiences of the Hindu and Muslim interviewees...
March 4, 2017: Compare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386658/a-social-constructionist-approach-to-diversity-and-social-relations-among-muslim-americans
#10
Kristine J Ajrouch
Social relations among Muslim elders in the U.S. were examined to investigate diversity within an ethnic group whose members share a common religious belief system. Data included a web-based survey (N = 264) and semi-structured interviews (N = 18). A social constructionist perspective was used recognizing that ethnicity is fluid, not static and culture was highlighted as a way of seeing as opposed to a way of being. Regression analysis was conducted using survey data to investigate diversity among Muslims elders concerning social contact and activities...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386281/attitude-towards-the-practice-of-female-genital-cutting-among-school-boys-and-girls-in-somali-and-harari-regions-eastern-ethiopia
#11
Asresash D Abathun, Abdi A Gele, Johanne Sundby
Introduction. Female genital cutting (FGC) is a harmful traditional practice that violates women's rights and threatens their health. Although much work has been done to tackle this practice in Ethiopia, the prevalence remains very high in Somali and Harari regions. This study aims to investigate the attitude towards FGC of young people (boys and girls) in Somali and Harari regions of Eastern Ethiopia. Methods. A cross-sectional quantitative study was carried out in Somali and Harari regions from October to December 2015...
2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385606/vaccination-and-blood-sampling-acceptability-during-ramadan-fasting-month-a-cross-sectional-study-in-conakry-guinea
#12
Nathan Peiffer-Smadja, Ramatou Ouedraogo, Eric D'Ortenzio, Papa Ndiaga Cissé, Zahra Zeggani, Abdoul Habib Beavogui, Sylvain Landry Faye, Frédéric Le Marcis, Yazdan Yazdanpanah, Vinh-Kim Nguyen
INTRODUCTION: There are few data on the acceptability of vaccination or blood sampling during Ramadan fasting month in Muslim countries. This could impact vaccination campaigns, clinical trials or healthcare during Ramadan. METHODS: Using a semi-structured questionnaire, we conducted a cross-sectional study on 201 practising Muslims and 10 religious leaders in Conakry, Guinea in the wake of the recent epidemic Ebola epidemic. Acceptability of vaccination and blood sampling during Ramadan were investigated as well as reasons for refusal...
April 3, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376917/decision-making-on-terminating-pregnancy-for-muslim-arab-women-pregnant-with-fetuses-with-congenital-anomalies-maternal-affect-and-doctor-patient-communication
#13
Anat Gesser-Edelsburg, Nour Abed Elhadi Shahbari
BACKGROUND: This study focused on decision-making on terminating pregnancy for Arab Muslim women in Israel who were pregnant with fetuses diagnosed with congenital anomalies. It examined the impact of the doctor-patient interaction on the women's decision, especially in light of social and religious pressures not to terminate under any circumstances. Our goal was to identify perceptions and attitudes of Muslim Arab women who choose to continue their pregnancy following the detection of congenital anomalies in prenatal tests...
April 4, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375809/cannabis-cultivation-within-a-religious-context-a-case-study-of-ghomara-in-the-rif-mountain-northern-morocco
#14
Meklach Yassin, Randolph Haluza-Delay, Mohamed Kadiri, Abdeltif El Ouahrani, Joaquin Molero Mesa, Abderrahmane Merzouki
To understand the relationship between Muslim religious attitudes and the growing/consumption of cannabis, we surveyed 251 residents and conducted interviews in Northern Morocco. The local population is Ghomarian, an ethnic group of Berber heritage that experienced socioeconomic marginalization. Cannabis is grown throughout the region, despite Islamic legal code (shari'a) that makes cannabis, like any substances that alter consciousness, illicit (haram). The survey aimed to gather (a) the perceptions of the local population toward the cultivation of cannabis and its consumption and (b) their attitudes and intention to abandon or to continue this activity despite its unlawful aspect under Islamic legislation (Shari'a)...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368865/a-bicultural-researcher-s-reflections-on-ethical-research-practices-with-muslim-immigrant-women-merging-boundaries-and-challenging-binaries
#15
Jordana Salma, Linda Ogilvie, Norah Keating, Kathleen F Hunter
Bicultural researchers are well positioned to identify tensions, disrupt binaries of positions, and reconcile differences across cultural contexts to ensure ethical research practices. This article focuses on a bicultural researcher's experiences of ethically important moments in research activities with Muslim immigrant women. Three ethical principles of respect, justice, and concern for welfare are highlighted, revealing the implications of binary constructions of identity, the value of situated knowledge in creating ethical research practices, and the need to recognize agency as a counterforce to oppressive narratives about Muslim women...
March 31, 2017: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367793/marriage-gap-in-christians-and-muslims
#16
Martin Fieder, Susanne Huber, Elmar Pichl, Bernard Wallner, Horst Seidler
For modern Western societies with a regime of monogamy, it has recently been demonstrated that the socioeconomic status of men is positively associated with being or having been married. This study aims to compare marriage patterns (if a person has been married at least once) for cultures with a tradition of monogamy and polygyny. As no worldwide data on polygyny exist, religion was used as a proxy for monogamy (Christians) vs polygyny (Muslims). The analyses were based on 2000-2011 census data from 39 countries worldwide for 52,339,594 men and women, controlling for sex, sex ratio, age, education, migration within the last 5 years and employment...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364684/biophysical-and-molecular-docking-approaches-for-the-investigation-of-biomolecular-interactions-between-amphotericin-b-and-bovine-serum-albumin
#17
Muslim Raza, Aftab Ahmad, Feng Yue, Zahid Khan, Yang Jiang, Yun Wei, Saleem Raza, Wang Wen He, Faheem Ullah Khan, Yuan Qipeng
Exogenous drug as an antidote to treat various infections get absorbed in the blood circulatory system of a human can directly contact with transporter proteins such as serum albumin. Therefore, for rational drug discovery, understanding the biomolecular interaction between drugs and protein is highly important. In this contribution, we describe the possible interactions between an antifungal drug Amphotericin B (AmB) and Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) using multi-spectroscopic techniques and further confirmed through in-silico approaches...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363266/a-qualitative-assessment-of-the-impact-of-handedness-among-left-handed-surgeons-in-saudi-arabia
#18
Mohamed S Zaghloul, Juliann Saquib, AbdulRahman Al-Mazrou, Nazmus Saquib
Among Muslims, the use of the left hand in daily activities is discouraged; many people believe that left-handed physicians lack the competency for surgery. The study aim was to document the experience of left-handed surgeons in Saudi Arabia and the impact of handedness on their training, job performance, collegial relationships, and career progression. This qualitative study included 9 left-handed physicians in various surgical specialties from 4 major hospitals in Al-Qassim, Saudi Arabia. Face-to-face interviews using a semi-structured questionnaire were conducted...
March 31, 2017: Laterality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362823/news-exposure-predicts-anti-muslim-prejudice
#19
John H Shaver, Chris G Sibley, Danny Osborne, Joseph Bulbulia
News coverage of Islamic extremism is reigniting debates about the media's role in promoting prejudice toward Muslims. Psychological theories of media-induced prejudice date to the 1950's, and find support from controlled experiments. However, national-scale studies of media effects on Muslim prejudice are lacking. Orthogonal research investigating media-induced prejudice toward immigrants has failed to establish any link. Moreover, it has been found that people interpret the news in ways that confirm pre-existing attitudes, suggesting that media induced Muslim prejudice in liberal democracies is unlikely...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361012/surveillance-and-prayer-comparing-muslim-prison-chaplaincy-in-germany-s-federal-states
#20
Lisa Harms-Dalibon
Moving beyond approaches that emphasise the influence of national ideologies and transnational frameworks on the governance of religious diversity in Western Europe, recent scholarship has underlined the importance of analysing the impact of concrete institutional settings such as hospitals, schools and prisons on the public incorporation of religious minorities. Building on this approach, the present article analyses the emergence of Muslim prison chaplaincies in three German federal states by focussing on how framing strategies of state- and religious actors accommodate the national state-church framework and prison-related norms...
2017: Comparative Migration Studies
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