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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160195/political-boundary-versus-social-context-dynamics-of-socioeconomic-differentials-in-fertility-in-indian-states
#1
Dharma Arunachalam, Kannan Navaneetham, Walter Forrest
Using data from India's first (1992-93) and third (2005-06) National Family Health Surveys (NFHS-I and NFHS-III) this study examined the fertility differentials between major social groups and the extent to which these varied between states and over time. The analysis was based on a sample of 54,030 and 55,369 currently married women aged 15-34 in the NFHS-I and NFHS-III respectively. Reported parity and desired family size were used to assess variations in fertility behaviour. The results show that interstate variation in childbearing patterns within social groups was at least as high as, if not higher than, variation between states (net of other influences) in both periods, 1992-93 and 2005-06...
November 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157117/honor-and-harmed-social-image-muslims-anger-and-shame-about-the-cartoon-controversy
#2
Patricia M Rodriguez Mosquera
Two studies examined anger and shame, and their associated appraisals and behavioral intentions, in response to harm to an in-group's social-image. In Study 1, 37 British Muslims (18 men, 19 women) reported incidents in which they were devalued as Muslims. In Study 2, 108 British Muslims (57 females, 50 males, 1 undisclosed) were presented with objective evidence of their in-group's devaluation: the controversial cartoons about Prophet Muhammad The appraisal of harm to social-image predicted anger and shame (Studies 1 and 2), whereas the appraisal of offense only predicted anger (Study 2)...
November 20, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155855/iron-status-and-anaemia-in-sri-lankan-secondary-school-children-a-cross-sectional-survey
#3
Angela Allen, Stephen Allen, Rexan Rodrigo, Lakshman Perera, Wei Shao, Chao Li, Duolao Wang, Nancy Olivieri, David J Weatherall, Anuja Premawardhena
BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency, the most common micronutrient disorder and cause of anaemia globally, impairs growth, cognition, behaviour and resistance to infection. METHODS/RESULTS: As part of a national survey of inherited haemoglobin variants in 7526 students from 72 secondary schools purposefully selected from the 25 districts of Sri Lanka, we studied 5912 students with a normal haemoglobin genotype. Median age was 16.0 (IQR 15.0-17.0) years and 3189 (53.9%) students were males...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151201/administrative-stressors-and-islamic-coping-strategies-among-muslim-primary-principals-in-malaysia-a-mixed-method-study
#4
Lokman Mohd Tahir, Aqeel Khan, Mohammed Borhandden Musah, Roslee Ahmad, Khadijah Daud, Shafeeq Hussain Vazhathodi Al-Hudawi, Aede Hatib Musta'Amal, Rohaya Talib
Principals are school leaders who experienced stress while leading their schools towards excellence. However, principals stress experiences are always ignored and least studied. This mixed-methods study investigates primary principals' stress experiences and their Islamic coping strategies used in incapacitating the stress experiences. A total of 216 Muslim primary principals across different gender, types of schools and years of experiences as school leaders responded to the administrative stress and the Islamic coping strategies items...
November 18, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149859/medicinal-plants-used-by-women-in-mecca-urban-muslim-and-gendered-knowledge
#5
Afnan Alqethami, Julie A Hawkins, Irene Teixidor-Toneu
BACKGROUND: This study explores medicinal plant knowledge and use among Muslim women in the city of Mecca, Saudi Arabia. Ethnobotanical research in the region has focused on rural populations and male herbal healers in cities, and based on these few studies, it is suggested that medicinal plant knowledge may be eroding. Here, we document lay, female knowledge of medicinal plants in an urban centre, interpreting findings in the light of the growing field of urban ethnobotany and gendered knowledge and in an Islamic context...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145519/stigmatizing-attitudes-toward-people-living-with-hiv-among-general-adult-thai-population-results-from-the-5th-thai-national-health-examination-survey-nhes
#6
Kriengkrai Srithanaviboonchai, Suwat Chariyalertsak, Jiraluck Nontarak, Sawitri Assanangkornchai, Pattapong Kessomboon, Panwadee Putwatana, Surasak Taneepanichskul, Wichai Aekplakorn
BACKGROUND: HIV-related stigma and discrimination is a significant driver of the HIV and AIDS epidemic. UNAIDS encourages all nations to monitor progress toward elimination of this problem. This study measured the level of stigmatizing attitudes toward people living with HIV (PLHIV) among Thai adults in the general population using recommended global tools. METHODS: Data from the 5th National Health Examination Survey, conducted in 2014 were used. The survey utilized six questions recommended by the Global Stigma and Discrimination Indicator Working Group and was administered to participants aged 20-59 years old...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143624/randomized-controlled-pilot-of-a-group-antenatal-care-model-and-the-sociodemographic-factors-associated-with-pregnancy-related-empowerment-in-sub-saharan-africa
#7
Crystal L Patil, Carrie S Klima, Sebalda C Leshabari, Alana D Steffen, Heather Pauls, Molly McGown, Kathleen F Norr
BACKGROUND: The links between empowerment and a number of health-related outcomes in sub-Saharan Africa have been documented, but empowerment related to pregnancy is under-investigated. Antenatal care (ANC) is the entry point into the healthcare system for most women, so it is important to understand how ANC affects aspects of women's sense of control over their pregnancy. We compare pregnancy-related empowerment for women randomly assigned to the standard of care versus CenteringPregnancy-based group ANC (intervention) in two sub-Saharan countries, Malawi and Tanzania...
November 8, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142575/the-attitudes-of-fertile-and-infertile-women-to-oocyte-donation-in-a-muslim-and-secular-population
#8
Mehmet Musa Aslan, Vedat Ugurel, Koray Elter
Objective: To determine general attitudes of fertile and infertile women to oocyte donation in a Muslim and secular population. Methods: The participants consisted of fertile women (n=133) who had at least one healthy living child spontaneously conceived without any fertility treatment and infertile women (n=133) who were diagnosed with primary infertility. Both groups were evaluated with charts comprised of 34 questions addressing demographic characteristics and the social aspects of oocyte and sperm donation...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129355/a-metagenomic-approach-to-dissect-the-genetic-composition-of-enterotypes-in-han-chinese-and-two-muslim-groups
#9
Jing Li, Ruiqing Fu, Yajun Yang, Hans-Peter Horz, Yaqun Guan, Yan Lu, Haiyi Lou, Lei Tian, Shijie Zheng, Hongjiao Liu, Meng Shi, Kun Tang, Sijia Wang, Shuhua Xu
Distinct enterotypes have been observed in the human gut but little is known about the genetic basis of the microbiome. Moreover, it is not clear how many genetic differences exist between enterotypes within or between populations. In this study, both the 16S rRNA gene and the metagenomes of the gut microbiota were sequenced from 48 Han Chinese, 48 Kazaks, and 96 Uyghurs, and taxonomies were assigned after de novo assembly. Single nucleotide polymorphisms were also identified by referring to data from the Human Microbiome Project...
November 9, 2017: Systematic and Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129317/the-genetic-legacy-of-the-indian-ocean-slave-trade-recent-admixture-and-post-admixture-selection-in-the-makranis-of-pakistan
#10
Romuald Laso-Jadart, Christine Harmant, Hélène Quach, Nora Zidane, Chris Tyler-Smith, Qasim Mehdi, Qasim Ayub, Lluis Quintana-Murci, Etienne Patin
From the eighth century onward, the Indian Ocean was the scene of extensive trade of sub-Saharan African slaves via sea routes controlled by Muslim Arab and Swahili traders. Several populations in present-day Pakistan and India are thought to be the descendants of such slaves, yet their history of admixture and natural selection remains largely undefined. Here, we studied the genome-wide diversity of the African-descent Makranis, who reside on the Arabian Sea coast of Pakistan, as well that of four neighboring Pakistani populations, to investigate the genetic legacy, population dynamics, and tempo of the Indian Ocean slave trade...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126397/no-mers-cov-but-positive-influenza-viruses-in-returning-hajj-pilgrims-china-2013-2015
#11
Xuezheng Ma, Fang Liu, Lijuan Liu, Liping Zhang, Mingzhu Lu, Abuduzhayier Abudukadeer, Lingbing Wang, Feng Tian, Wei Zhen, Pengfei Yang, Kongxin Hu
BACKGROUND: There is global health concern that the mass movement of pilgrims to and from Mecca annually could contribute to the international spread of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV). In China, about 11,000 Muslim pilgrims participate in the Hajj gathering in Mecca annually. This is the first report of MERS-CoV and respiratory virus molecular screening of returning pilgrims at points of entry in China from 2013 to 2015. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 847 returning Hajj pilgrims participated in this study...
November 10, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116878/evaluation-of-methadone-treatment-in-malaysia-findings-from-the-malaysian-methadone-treatment-outcome-study-mytos
#12
Norsiah Ali, Salina Abd Aziz, Salmah Nordin, Norliza Che Mi, Norni Abdullah, V Paranthaman, Maimunah Mahmud, Anne Yee, Mahmoud Danaee
BACKGROUND: Opioid misuse and dependence is a global issue with a huge negative impact. In Malaysia, heroin is still the main illicit drug used, and methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) has been used since 2005. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of MMT. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted in 103 treatment centers between October and December 2014 using a set of standard questionnaires. Data were analyzed using SPSS Statistics 20...
November 8, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114866/trump-s-electoral-speeches-and-his-appeal-to-the-american-white-working-class
#13
Michèle Lamont, Bo Yun Park, Elena Ayala-Hurtado
This paper contributes to the study of social change by considering boundary work as a dimension of cultural change. Drawing on the computer-assisted qualitative analysis of 73 formal speeches made by Donald Trump during the 2016 electoral campaign, we argue that his political rhetoric, which led to his presidential victory, addressed the white working class's concern with their declining position in the national pecking order. He addressed this group's concern by raising their moral status, that is, by (1) emphatically describing them as hard-working Americans who are victims of globalization; (2) voicing their concerns about 'people above' (professionals, the rich, and politicians); (3) drawing strong moral boundaries toward undocumented immigrants, refugees, and Muslims; (4) presenting African Americans and (legal) Hispanic Americans as workers who also deserve jobs; (5) stressing the role of working-class men as protectors of women and LGBTQ people...
November 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110203/the-coping-mechanisms-and-strategies-of-hypertension-patients-in-ghana-the-role-of-religious-faith-beliefs-and-practices
#14
Frederick Anyan, Birthe Loa Knizek
This qualitative study explored the role of religious faith, belief and practice systems in the coping mechanisms and strategies of essential hypertension patients in Accra, Ghana. Six participants were recruited for participation, of which five were Christians and one was a Muslim. Interviews were conducted and interpretative phenomenological analysis was used to analyze the data. Results showed that participants used their religious faith, beliefs and practices as coping resources. Participants used a deferring-collaborative style of religious coping, which seemed to have provided them with an avoidance strategy that protected the participants from conscious confrontation with their illness...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107174/influenza-risk-at-muslim-pilgrimages-in-iraq-and-saudi-arabia
#15
EDITORIAL
Philippe Gautret
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 26, 2017: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083016/comparison-of-lung-function-values-of-trained-divers-in-1-5-ata-hyperbaric-chamber-after-inhaling-100-oxygen-and-regular-air-a-crossover-study
#16
Muhammad Irfan Ilmi, Faisal Yunus, Muhammad Guritno, Triya Damayanti, Erlang Samoedro, Ahmad Muslim Nazaruddin, Fariz Nurwidya
INTRODUCTION: Diving is an activity performed in more than 1 atmosphere absolute pressure (ATA) either underwater or in a hyperbaric chamber. We aimed to compare lung function values of trained divers in 1.5 ATA hyperbaric chambers after inhaling 100% oxygen and regular air. METHODS: This experimental study with crossover design involved 18 trained divers in 1.5 ATA hyperbaric room, which is equivalents to a 5-meter depth. The eighteen subjects as the supplementation group, using oro-nasal mask, inhaled 100% oxygen for 30 minutes followed by a one-day washout period...
October 30, 2017: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075949/understanding-the-perception-of-islamic-medicine-among-the-malaysian-muslim-community
#17
Khadher Ahmad, Mohd Farhan Md Ariffin, Fauzi Deraman, Sedek Ariffin, Mustaffa Abdullah, Monika Munirah Abd Razzak, M Y Zulkifli Mohd Yusoff, Meguellati Achour
This study was conducted to identify and describe the patients' perceptions of Islamic medicine based on gender, age, marital, educational level and working status among the Malaysian Muslim population. A nationwide interviewer-administered questionnaire survey was conducted in 2013. An open-ended questionnaire pertaining to Islamic medicine was used to increase the probability of capturing maximum data. This survey implemented a multistage design, stratified by state, proportionate to the size of the state population and was representative of the Malaysian population...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073821/widowhood-in-the-israeli-arab-muslim-society
#18
Hend Yasien-Esmael, Simon Shimshon Rubin, Yohanan Eshel
Adjustment of Israeli Arab Muslim widows to the traumatic loss of their husbands was examined by comparing their reported ways of coping with those of married women of their community by means of the Two-Track-Bereavement Model. Participants included 93 widows and 86 comparable married women who were mostly middle aged and of middle class. We hypothesized that widows will express concurrently greater suffering and higher resilience to adverse life events compared with married women. It was hypothesized further that positive and close relations to a deceased husband will be reported by Arab widows as well as Arab married women...
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067599/legislative-enforcement-of-nonconsensual-determination-of-neurological-brain-death-in-muslim-patients-a-violation-of-religious-rights
#19
Mohamed Y Rady, Joseph L Verheijde
Death is defined in the Quran with a single criterion of irreversible separation of the ruh (soul) from the body. The Quran is a revelation from God to man, and the primary source of Islamic knowledge. The secular concept of death by neurological criteria, or brain death, is at odds with the Quranic definition of death. The validity of this secular concept has been contested scientifically and philosophically. To legitimize brain death for the purpose of organ donation and transplantation in Muslim communities, Chamsi-Pasha and Albar (concurring with the US President's Council on Bioethics) have argued that irreversible loss of capacity for consciousness and breathing (apneic coma) in brain death defines true death in accordance with Islamic sources...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058835/-diabetes-and-ramadan-consequences-of-fasting-and-practical-aspects-of-management
#20
S Bessemans, N Paquot
A lot of diabetic Muslims choose to fast during Ramadan, despite recommendations that advise some patients to abstain according to established risk factors. Fasting exposes the diabetic subject to acute major complications, including diabetic ketoacidosis and severe hypoglycaemia. Patients with diabetes, therefore, had to benefit from individualized care already before Ramadan, including a risk assessment, a specific education integrating in particular the adaptation of the pharmacological treatment in order to limit the occurrence of these acute complications...
October 2017: Revue Médicale de Liège
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