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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322511/discrimination-religious-and-cultural-factors-and-middle-eastern-arab-americans-psychological-distress
#1
Ayse S Ikizler, Dawn M Szymanski
OBJECTIVE(S): We investigated (1) the moderating role of religiosity in the link between religious affiliation and ethnic discrimination and (2) the moderating roles of religiosity, ethnic identity, and family connectedness in the relations between ethnic discrimination and psychological distress. METHOD: Our sample consisted of 122 (60% women, 40% men) Middle Eastern/Arab Americans (MEAAs), ranging in age from 18 to 82 years old, who completed an online survey...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305048/the-current-state-of-knowledge-perception-and-practice-in-diabetes-management-during-fasting-in-ramadan-by-healthcare-professionals
#2
Sueziani B Zainudin, Aslena B Hussain
AIMS: Obligatory Ramadan fasting is challenging in the management of Muslims with diabetes due to increased risk of complications from altered meals and activities. This study aimed to evaluate the knowledge, perception and practice of healthcare professionals in diabetes management during fasting and the outcome of education on management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We surveyed healthcare professionals enrolled in pre-Ramadan education involving an endocrinologist, diabetes specialized nurse and dietician...
December 28, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304869/improving-local-health-through-community-health-workers-in-cambodia-challenges-and-solutions
#3
Kim Ozano, Padam Simkhada, Khem Thann, Rose Khatri
BACKGROUND: Volunteer community health workers (CHWs) are an important link between the public health system and the community. The 'Community Participation Policy for Health' in Cambodia identifies CHWs as key to local health promotion and as a critical link between district health centres and the community. However, research on the challenges CHWs face and identifying what is required to optimise their performance is limited in the Cambodian context. This research explores the views of CHWs in rural Cambodia, on the challenges they face when implementing health initiatives...
January 6, 2018: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304829/muslim-women-s-use-of-contraception-in-the-united-states
#4
Henna Budhwani, Jami Anderson, Kristine R Hearld
BACKGROUND: American Muslim women are an understudied population; thus, significant knowledge gaps exist related to their most basic health behaviors and indicators. Considering this, we examined American Muslim women's contraception utilization patterns. METHODS: Self-reported data collected in late 2015 were analyzed. Women who identified as Muslim, were at least 18 years old, sexually active, and current residents of the United States (n = 224) met the inclusion criteria...
January 5, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302552/complementary-feeding-practices-among-children-aged-6-23-months-in-aligarh-uttar-pradesh
#5
Istiyaq Ahmad, Najam Khalique, Salman Khalil, Urfi, Mohd Maroof
Context: Complementary feeding practices play an important role in the growth and development of the children. Aims: The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of complementary feeding practices among children aged 6-23 months and its association with various sociodemographic factors. Settings and Design: The study was a community-based, cross-sectional study conducted at field practice area of Urban Health Training Centre and Rural Health Training Centre, Department of Community Medicine, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299787/spiritual-health-and-outcomes-in-muslim-icu-patients-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-study
#6
Farshid R Bashar, Amir Vahedian-Azimi, Mahmood Salesi, Mohammadreza Hajiesmaeili, Seyedpouzhia Shojaei, Behrooz Farzanegan, Reza Goharani, Seyed J Madani, Kivan G Moghaddam, Sevak Hatamian, Hosseinali J Moghaddam, Abilio Arrascaeta-Llanes, Andrew C Miller
The aim of the present study is to describe how religiosity and spirituality affect the psychiatric morbidity of Muslim intensive care unit (ICU) patients. We conducted a prospective nationwide cross-sectional study of ICU patients discharged from 45 medical centers spanning 31 proivinces in Iran. Adults (age ≥ 18 years) admitted to the ICU and treated with invasive mechanical ventilation were eligible. Nine validated survey tools were administered to detect direct and indirect associations between spiritual health (SH) and depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic disorder...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299784/religiosity-and-telomere-length-in-colorectal-cancer-patients-in-saudi-arabia
#7
Mahmoud Shaheen Al Ahwal, Faten Al Zaben, Mohammad Gamal Sehlo, Doaa Ahmed Khalifa, Harold G Koenig
Numerous studies have reported a significant relationship between psychological stress, depression, and telomere length (TL), an indicator of cellular lifespan. Religious involvement, which is associated with lower levels of stress and depression, has also recently been related to TL. To our knowledge, this relationship has not yet been examined in Muslims, colorectal cancer patients, cancer patients more generally, or any population outside the USA. A convenience sample of 50 colorectal patients was recruited from hospital-based oncology clinics in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294832/domestic-violence-against-women-working-in-four-educational-hospitals-in-iran
#8
Hojat Sheikhbardsiri, Ahmadreza Raeisi, Gholamreza Khademipour
Domestic violence is a serious threat to the health of women in the world and derives from several factors. Therefore, due to the importance of this issue, this study aimed to determine domestic violence against women in four educational hospitals in Iran as a Muslim country. The study employed a cross-sectional design and was conducted in four educational hospitals supervised by the Kerman University of Medical Sciences in 2016. Using a researcher-made questionnaire, we assessed factors associated with domestic violence in female employees using a census method ( N = 400)...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294716/-the-mosques-are-the-biggest-problem-we-ve-got-right-now-key-agent-and-survivor-accounts-of-engaging-mosques-with-domestic-and-honor-based-violence-in-the-united-kingdom
#9
Mohammad Mazher Idriss
This article considers the role of mosques in addressing domestic violence (DV) and honor-based violence (HBV) in the United Kingdom. Utilizing data extracted from interviews with 38 key agents and survivors, this article will highlight that some mosques can be difficult to engage with when attempting to raise awareness on violence against women (VAW). Participants explained that the patriarchal nature of mosques contributes to this difficulty together with their exclusion of women within organizational structures...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291574/holy-anorexia-eating-disorders-symptomatology-and-religiosity-among-muslim-women-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#10
Justin Thomas, Lily O'Hara, Sabrina Tahboub-Schulte, Ian Grey, Nayeefa Chowdhury
There is a substantial body of literature reporting a negative association between religiosity and psychiatric symptoms. In the context of eating disorders, however, this relationship appears to be reversed. The few studies exploring the relationship between religiosity and eating disorders have mostly focused on the Judeo-Christian religious traditions in Western nations. The present study examines this relationship among Muslim college women from the United Arab Emirates (UAE). All participants (N = 1069) independently completed the religious commitment inventory (RCI-10) and the eating attitudes test (EAT-26)...
December 5, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291273/religious-coping-in-iranian-mothers-of-children-with-cancer-a-qualitative-content-analysis
#11
Lida Nikfarid, Maryam Rassouli, Leili Borimnejad, Hamid Alavimajd
OBJECTIVE: Religious coping is one of the most frequently used coping methods in parents of children with cancer. This study aims to explain dimensions of religious coping in mothers of children with cancer in Iran. METHODS: In this qualitative content analysis, using purposeful sampling, 8 mothers of children with cancer were selected and interviewed. When saturation was achieved, data were analyzed through directed content analysis. Primary and secondary codes were placed in prelabeled categories and subcategories based on Pargament's religious coping theory...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing: Official Journal of the Association of Pediatric Oncology Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287102/the-influence-of-the-social-and-cultural-environment-on-maternal-mortality-in-nigeria-evidence-from-the-2013-demographic-and-health-survey
#12
Oluwatosin Ariyo, Ifeoma D Ozodiegwu, Henry V Doctor
INTRODUCTION: Reducing maternal mortality remains a priority for global health. One in five maternal deaths, globally, are from Nigeria. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the sociocultural correlates of maternal mortality in Nigeria. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of nationally representative data from the 2013 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey. The analysis was based on responses from the core women's questionnaire...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274934/perspectives-of-immigrant-women-on-the-gender-of-provider-during-childbirth
#13
Christa Aubrey, Zubia Mumtaz, Patrick Patterson, Radha Chari, B F Peter Mitchell
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to gain an understanding of the importance and effect of provider gender for immigrant women accessing obstetrical care. METHODS: A focused ethnography was conducted using purposive sampling of 38 immigrant women from one hospital in Edmonton, Alberta. Data collection consisted of semistructured interviews conducted antenatally (n = 38); an attempt was made to conduct interviews postpartum (n = 21), and intrapartum observations were made (n = 17)...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251246/interventions-highlighting-hypocrisy-reduce-collective-blame-of-muslims-for-individual-acts-of-violence-and-assuage-anti-muslim-hostility
#14
Emile Bruneau, Nour Kteily, Emily Falk
Collectively blaming groups for the actions of individuals can license vicarious retribution. Acts of terrorism by Muslim extremists against innocents, and the spikes in anti-Muslim hate crimes against innocent Muslims that follow, suggest that reciprocal bouts of collective blame can spark cycles of violence. How can this cycle be short-circuited? After establishing a link between collective blame of Muslims and anti-Muslim attitudes and behavior, we used an "interventions tournament" to identify a successful intervention (among many that failed)...
December 1, 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246233/correction-to-medicinal-plants-used-by-women-in-mecca-urban-muslim-and-gendered-knowledge
#15
Afnan Alqethami, Julie A Hawkins, Irene Teixidor-Toneu
In the original publication [1] were the Arabic letters in Table 2 incorrect. The corrected version of Table 2 can be found as Additional file 1 in this Erratum.
December 15, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238417/the-effect-of-music-intervention-on-dental-anxiety-during-dental-extraction-procedure
#16
Tantry Maulina, Nina Djustiana, M Nurhalim Shahib
Background: In order to minimize the possibility of unsuccessful dental extraction procedure due to dental anxiety, there are several approaches that can be used, including music intervention. Objective: The objective of this research was to investigate the effectiveness of classical and religious Islamic music on reducing dental anxiety. Materials and methods: Two hundred and twenty-five muslim participants (105 males, 120 females) were recruited for this study and randomly assigned to three groups: classical music group, religious Islamic music group, and the group with no music intervention, equally in numbers...
2017: Open Dentistry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235795/so-much-not-known-about-muslim-nurses-in-canada
#17
Nasrin Saleh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Canadian Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230911/social-dimensions-of-health-across-the-life-course-narratives-of-arab-immigrant-women-ageing-in-canada
#18
Jordana Salma, Norah Keating, Linda Ogilvie, Kathleen F Hunter
The increase in ethnically and linguistically diverse older adults in Canada necessitates attention to their experiences and needs for healthy ageing. Arab immigrant women often report challenges in maintaining health, but little is known about their ageing experiences. This interpretive descriptive study uses a transnational life course framework to understand Arab Muslim immigrant women's experiences of engaging in health-promoting practices as they age in Canada. Women's stories highlight social dimensions of health such social connectedness, social roles and social support that are constructed and maintained within different migration contexts across the life course...
December 12, 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230208/ramadan-fasting-exerts-immunomodulatory-effects-insights-from-a-systematic-review
#19
Mohammad Adawi, Abdulla Watad, Stav Brown, Khadija Aazza, Hicham Aazza, Mohamed Zouhir, Kassem Sharif, Khaled Ghanayem, Raymond Farah, Hussein Mahagna, Stefano Fiordoro, Samir Giuseppe Sukkar, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Naim Mahroum
Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic lunar calendar and is observed by Muslims as a month of fasting. All Muslim adults are expected to fast; nevertheless certain subgroups, including sick, frail subjects, and pregnant women, among others, are exempted. Ramadan fasting has been shown to impact on body systems in different manners. The influence of Ramadan fasting on immune system regulation remains elusive; however, immune system changes, such as the modulation of body response to various infectious, stressful, and other harmful events, are of great interest during fasting...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229084/serological-study-of-bordetella-pertussis-mycoplasma-pneumonia-and-chlamydia-pneumonia-in-iranian-hajj-pilgrims-with-prolonged-cough-illnesses-a-follow-up-study
#20
Masoud Rahimian, Mahdi HosseiniB
INTRODUCTION: Hajj pilgrimage is the biggest and longest mass gathering in the Muslim world. Annually, about 50% of more than 2.5 million pilgrims participating in this ritual get involved in severe devastating coughs. Most coughs continue, so the pilgrims turn back home and transmit them to family members and other people. Despite the high prevalence of coughs for many years, what causes them remains unknown. Considering the pertussis-like clinical picture of the so-called "hajj coughs", the researchers conducted a study to measure antibodies against three known common atypical bacteria, namely Bordetella Pertussis, Chlamydia Pneumonia and Mycoplasma Pneumonia...
November 2017: Respiratory Medicine
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