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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932607/percutaneous-endoscopic-management-for-oriental-cholangiohepatitis-a-case-report-and-a-brief-review-of-the-literature
#1
Khalil Aloreidi, Prince Sethi, Terry Yeager, Muslim Atiq
Oriental cholangiohepatitis (OCH) is a disease characterized by intrabiliary pigment stone formation, resulting in recurrent bouts of cholangitis. OCH is found mostly in Southeast Asia but it is occasionally recognized in Western societies. OCH etiology is largely unknown. We report our experience with a patient who presented with acute cholecystitis. Following laparoscopic cholecystectomy, she developed acute cholangitis due to multiple biliary tree stones. She underwent ERCP to clear the stones from common bile duct...
2017: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930004/enteric-infections-circulating-during-hajj-seasons-2011-2013
#2
Moataz Abd El Ghany, Mona Alsomali, Malak Almasri, Eriko Padron Regalado, Raeece Naeem, AbdulHafeez Tukestani, Abdullah Asiri, Grant A Hill-Cawthorne, Arnab Pain, Ziad A Memish
Hajj, the annual Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca, Saudi Arabia, is a unique mass gathering event that raises public health concerns in the host country and globally. Although gastroenteritis and diarrhea are common among Hajj pilgrims, the microbial etiologies of these infections are unknown. We collected 544 fecal samples from pilgrims with medically attended diarrheal illness from 40 countries during the 2011-2013 Hajj seasons and screened the samples for 16 pathogens commonly associated with diarrheal infections...
October 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929879/safer-muslim-motherhood-social-conditions-and-maternal-mortality-in-the-muslim-world
#3
Kylea Laina Liese, Angela B Maeder
The greatest variation in maternal mortality is among poor countries and wealthy countries that rely on emergency obstetric technology to save a woman's life during childbirth. However, substantial variation in maternal mortality ratios (MMRs) exists within and among poor countries with uneven access to advanced obstetric services. This article examines MMRs across the Muslim world and compares the impact of national wealth, female education, and skilled birth attendants on maternal mortality. Understanding how poor countries have lowered MMRs without access to expensive obstetric technologies suggests that certain social variables may act protectively to reduce the maternal risk for life-threatening obstetric complications that would require emergency obstetric care...
September 20, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928059/garlic-extract-increases-non-clipped-kidney-tubular-natriuresis-and-diuresis-in-the-2-kidney-1-clip-rat-model-significance-in-hypertension
#4
Khaled K Al-Qattan, Martha Thomson, Muslim Ali
BACKGROUND: Angiotensin II (AngII) is a potent modulator of vascular tone and renal clearance function. Raw garlic aqueous extract (RGAE) inhibits angiotensin I converting enzyme (ACE) dipeptidase activity and therefore AngII generation in the 2-kidney, 1-clip rat model (2K-1Cr). OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the effect of RGAE on the non-clipped kidney clearance function and blood pressure (BP) in the 2 K-1Cr. METHOD: 2K-1Cr were anesthetized, cannulated and instrumentalized and the acute effect during the first hour post-administration of a single intravenous dose of RGAE (30mg/100gb...
September 12, 2017: Pathophysiology: the Official Journal of the International Society for Pathophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927812/bi-pssm-position-specific-scoring-matrix-based-intelligent-computational-model-for-identification-of-mycobacterial-membrane-proteins
#5
Muslim Khan, Maqsood Hayat, Sher Afzal Khan, Saeed Ahmad, Nadeem Iqbal
Mycobacterium is a pathogenic bacterium, which is a causative agent of tuberculosis (TB) and leprosy. These diseases are very crucial and become the cause of death of millions of people every year in the world. So, the characterize structure of membrane proteins of the protozoan play a vital role in the field of drug discovery because, without any knowledge about this Mycobacterium's membrane protein and their types, the scientists are unable to treat this pathogenic protozoan. So, an accurate and competitive computational model is needed to characterize this uncharacterized structure of mycobacterium...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916289/breast-cancer-screening-utilization-among-women-from-muslim-majority-countries-in-ontario-canada
#6
Mandana Vahabi, Aisha Lofters, Eliane Kim, Josephine Pui-Hing Wong, Lisa Ellison, Erin Graves, Richard H Glazier
Breast cancer screening disparities continue to prevail with immigrant women being at the forefront of the under screened population. There is a paucity of knowledge about the role of religious affiliation or cultural orientation on immigrant women's cancer screening uptake. This study examined differences in uptake of breast cancer screening among women from Muslim and non- Muslim majority countries in Ontario, Canada. A cohort of 1,851,834 screening-eligible women living in Ontario during April 1, 2013 to March 31, 2015 was created using linked health and social administrative databases...
September 12, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915095/ethical-considerations-for-social-workers-working-with-muslim-refugees
#7
Jennifer Simmelink McCleary, Serena Chaudhry
In 2016 almost 39,000 Muslim refugees entered the United States, representing a record of admissions during a time of elevated anti-Muslim political rhetoric and public sentiment. Anti-Muslim attitudes and policies can affect refugees' ability to successfully resettle and contribute to decreased health status. Given the current social and political moment there is an ethical imperative for social workers to engage in resistance to anti-Muslim sentiment and the encoding of Islamophobia in resettlement policy...
September 15, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914142/theorizing-and-measuring-religiosity-across-cultures
#8
Adam B Cohen, Gina L Mazza, Kathryn A Johnson, Craig K Enders, Carolyn M Warner, Michael H Pasek, Jonathan E Cook
For almost 50 years, psychologists have been theorizing about and measuring religiosity essentially the way Gordon Allport did, when he distinguished between intrinsic and extrinsic religiosity. However, there is a historical debate regarding what this scale actually measures, which items should be included, and how many factors or subscales exist. To provide more definitive answers, we estimated a series of confirmatory factor analysis models comparing four competing theories for how to score Gorsuch and McPherson's commonly used measure of intrinsic and extrinsic religiosity...
August 1, 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913374/comparison-of-the-nutritional-values-of-infant-formulas-available-in-saudi-arabia
#9
Abdulhadi Hesn Almazrooy, Abdulrahman Mohammad Alturki, Afaf Mubarak Aljohani, Abeer Alraddadi, Abdulrahman Muslim Allogmani
Introduction. Optimum growth and development are best achieved by breastfeeding, which is the safest source for infant feeding. Mothers in Saudi Arabia start to breastfeed their infants but soon introduce formula brands. Objective. To assess the safety and nutritional adequacy of the oldest formula brands available in the Saudi market. Methods. An observational study has compared between 5 types of infant formula brands; they were chosen based on their international popularity. Also, they are considered as the oldest formula brands available in the Saudi market...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905048/social-determinants-of-health-violent-radicalization-and-terrorism-a-public-health-perspective
#10
REVIEW
Héctor E Alcalá, Mienah Zulfacar Sharif, Goleen Samari
Background: Terrorism-related deaths are at an all-time high as there were 32,685 and 29,376 terrorism-related deaths in 2014 and 2015, respectively. Terrorism is defined as the use of violence and intimidation in the pursuit of political aims. Terrorism is detrimental for mental health, premature mortality, and economic losses and undermines the central tenets of public health to improve the health and well-being of populations. Despite the impact terrorism has on avoidable morbidity and mortality, population health research largely overlooks social determinants of terrorism and risk factors that contribute to terrorist activities...
2017: Health Equity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903649/backlash-the-politics-and-real-world-consequences-of-minority-group-dehumanization
#11
Nour Kteily, Emile Bruneau
Research suggests that members of advantaged groups who feel dehumanized by other groups respond aggressively. But little is known about how meta-dehumanization affects disadvantaged minority group members, historically the primary targets of dehumanization. We examine this important question in the context of the 2016 U.S. Republican Primaries, which have witnessed the widespread derogation and dehumanization of Mexican immigrants and Muslims. Two initial studies document that Americans blatantly dehumanize Mexican immigrants and Muslims; this dehumanization uniquely predicts support for aggressive policies proposed by Republican nominees, and dehumanization is highly associated with supporting Republican candidates (especially Donald Trump)...
January 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900859/efficacy-of-surah-al-rehman-in-managing-depression-in-muslim-women
#12
Rafia Rafique, Afifa Anjum, Shazza Shazdey Raheem
The study empirically investigated the idea that Quranic verses (Surah Al-Rehman) can help manage depression. Abdullah Ibn Mas'ud (radiAllahu anhu) reported that the Prophet (salAllahu alayhi wasalam) said, "Everything has an adornment, and the adornment of the Qur'an is Surah Al-Rehman." Surah Al-Rehman is the most rhythmic surah of the Quran, so it was used for our experimental study. The idea of the study was drawn from the premise that music therapy helps reduce depression. The objective of the present study was to investigate the efficacy of Surah Al-Rehman for managing depression in Muslim women admitted for treatment of major depressive disorder in a psychiatry ward of a government hospital...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899241/the-syrian-refugee-crisis-what-nurses-need-to-know
#13
Esmihan Almontaser, Steven L Baumann
The civil war in Syria that began in 2011 has displaced millions of Syrians of all ages. While the number that have arrived in the United States is small in comparison to many other countries, it is important that nurses and other healthcare workers here understand that many of them have faced considerable trauma and endured stresses. Most of them are Muslims. Muslims in the United States and elsewhere represent a heterogeneous group of people with a long intellectual and cultural history. Islamic cultural patterns do pose unique barriers to a primarily Anglo-Saxon medical system that medical practitioners need to consider in order to avoid misunderstanding and provide culturally sensitive care...
April 2017: Nursing Science Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891549/effects-of-health-care-services-and-commodities-cost-on-the-patients-at-the-primary-health-facilities-in-zaria-metropolis-north-western-nigeria
#14
O Adegboyega, K Abioye
INTRODUCTION: The payment for health-care services is a major problem for many poor patients in developing nations. The aim of the study was to examine the cost of services and commodities and how these affect the patients who utilizes the primary health-care centers in Zaria, North western Nigeria. METHODOLOGY: A descriptive cross-sectional survey of six primary health-care facilities in Zaria metropolis, namely Baban dodo, Tudun Wada, Magajiya PHCs from Zaria local government areas (LGA) and Samaru, Kwata, and Dogarawa PHCs from Sabon Gari LGA, was carried out...
August 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890233/-what-would-you-do-when-faced-with-a-muslim-patient-with-a-conversational-disorder
#15
A Martínez Gandolfi, J Rodríguez Mir
The purpose of this work is to present the approach to mental disorders in Moroccan patients from a sociocultural perspective. The anthropology of health and ethno-psychiatry will allow us to analyze the concepts of health and disease. From the Moroccan cosmovision we will analyze the alternative treatments and their association with other therapeutic models.
September 7, 2017: Semergen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886672/purification-of-body-and-soul-for-the-next-journey-practices-surrounding-death-and-dying-among-muslim-women
#16
Chaïma Ahaddour, Stef Van den Branden, Bert Broeckaert
This study aims, first, to compare normative Islamic practices toward death and dying and actual practices of Moroccan Muslim women. Second, it seeks to compare the views and practices of middle-aged and elderly women. Qualitative empirical research was conducted with 30 middle-aged and elderly Moroccan Muslim women living in Antwerp (Belgium) and with 15 experts in the field. Our study shows that religious beliefs and worldview have a great impact on Muslims' practices surrounding death and dying. More specifically, practices are strongly shaped by their eschatological beliefs...
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885047/dating-infidelity-in-turkish-couples-the-role-of-attitudes-and-intentions
#17
Ezgi Toplu-Demirtaş, Frank D Fincham
Studies on dating infidelity have mostly been carried out in individualistic, Western cultures and have tended to investigate either attitudes or intentions toward infidelity in isolation from each other. The current study therefore investigated dating infidelity in a more collectivist, predominantly Muslim culture. Informed by the theory of planned behavior, it tested intentions as a potential mechanism that might account for the association between attitudes toward infidelity and reported infidelity. In doing so, the role of gender and infidelity history was also investigated in regard to attitudes and intentions toward infidelity...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884889/novel-homozygous-missense-mutation-in-nt5c2-underlying-hereditary-spastic-paraplegia-spg45
#18
Rachel Straussberg, Alexandros Onoufriadis, Osnat Konen, Yasmin Zouabi, Lior Cohen, John Y W Lee, Chao-Kai Hsu, Michael A Simpson, John A McGrath
SPG45 is a rare form of autosomal recessive spastic paraplegia associated with mental retardation. Detailed phenotyping and mutation analysis was undertaken in three individuals with SPG45 from a consanguineous family of Arab Muslim origin. Using whole-exome sequencing, we identified a novel homozygous missense mutation in NT5C2 (c.1379T>C; p.Leu460Pro). Our data expand the molecular basis of SPG45, adding the first missense mutation to the current database of nonsense, frameshift, and splice site mutations...
September 8, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882173/risk-factors-for-chronic-periodontitis-in-sri-lankan-adults-a-population-based-case-control-study
#19
Nimali Wellapuli, Lilani Ekanayake
OBJECTIVE: To determine risk factors for chronic periodontitis in 30-60 year olds in Sri Lanka. Cases and controls for this population based unmatched case-control study were identified from a broader cross-sectional study which was conducted to determine the prevalence of chronic periodontitis in 30-60 year old adults in Colombo district Sri Lanka. The study included 694 cases and 706 controls. Data were collected by means of a pre-tested interviewer administered questionnaire to obtain information about socio-demographic and behavioural factors, a physical examination to record anthropometric measurements and an oral examination...
September 7, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880904/prospective-comparison-of-two-models-of-integrating-early-infant-male-circumcision-with-maternal-child-health-services-in-kenya-the-mtoto-msafi-mbili-study
#20
Robert C Bailey, Fredrick Adera, Mary Ellen Mackesy-Amiti, Timothy Adipo, Sherry K Nordstrom, Supriya D Mehta, Walter Jaoko, F L Fredrik G Langi, Walter Obiero, Edmon Obat, Fredrick O Otieno, Marisa R Young
As countries scale up adult voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) for HIV prevention, they are looking ahead to long term sustainable strategies, including introduction of early infant male circumcision (EIMC). To address the lack of evidence regarding introduction of EIMC services in sub-Saharan African settings, we conducted a simultaneous, prospective comparison of two models of EIMC service delivery in Homa Bay County, Kenya. In one division a standard delivery package (SDP) was introduced and included health facility-based provision of EIMC services with community engagement for client referral versus in a different division a standard package plus (SDPplus) that included community-delivered EIMC services...
2017: PloS One
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