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Jameel T Abualenain, Maha M Al-Alawi
BACKGROUND: Millions of Muslims from across the world gather annually to perform pilgrimage. This can import unusual communicable diseases such as Ebola. Communicable diseases with a high risk of mortality necessitate special training to master the required competency to avert transmission of infections. The efficacy of simulation-based training (SBT) has been shown in such circumstances. OBJECTIVE: We sought to develop an SBT program in Ebola Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) for all healthcare workers (HCWs)...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Marcia C Inhorn, Daphna Birenbaum-Carmeli, Soraya Tremayne, Zeynep B Gürtin
This article compares the use of assisted reproductive technology (ART) and resultant kinship formations in four Middle Eastern settings: the Sunni Muslim Arab world, the Sunni Muslim but officially 'secular' country of Turkey, Shia Muslim Iran and Jewish Israel. This four-way comparison reveals considerable similarities, as well as stark differences, in matters of Middle Eastern kinship and assisted reproduction. The permissions and restrictions on ART, often determined by religious decrees, may lead to counter-intuitive outcomes, many of which defy prevailing stereotypes about which parts of the Middle East are more 'progressive' or 'conservative'...
June 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine & Society Online
Roland B Sookias, Samuel Passmore, Quentin D Atkinson
How historical connections, events and cultural proximity can influence human development is being increasingly recognized. One aspect of history that has only recently begun to be examined is deep cultural ancestry, i.e. the vertical relationships of descent between cultures, which can be represented by a phylogenetic tree of descent. Here, we test whether deep cultural ancestry predicts the United Nations Human Development Index (HDI) for 44 Eurasian countries, using language ancestry as a proxy for cultural relatedness and controlling for three additional factors-geographical proximity, religion and former communism...
April 2018: Royal Society Open Science
Judith-Ann Walker, Yahaya Hashim, Nelson Oranye
Expanding access to maternal, newborn and child health (MNCH) services in traditional societies is a public health challenge, often complicated by cultural and religious beliefs about what is permitted or not permitted within a faith group. This is particularly true in the Muslim majority North of Nigeria, where deep suspicions of Western public health programmes, coupled with failing and underfunded health system, have led to the emergence of a new generation of Muslim Opinion Leaders (MOLs) with counter-narratives against family planning, immunisation and nutrition programmes...
May 15, 2018: Global Public Health
Sadeeq Ullah, Aftab Ahmad, Fazli Subhan, Aminullah Jan, Muslim Raza, Arif Ullah Khan, Aziz-Ur Rahman, Usman Ali Khan, Muhammad Tariq, Qipeng Yuan
Graphene-based materials have attracted a significant attention in constructing hybrid systems for drug delivery with enhanced antimicrobial activities. In our work, we demonstrated the formation of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) on graphene oxide (GO) using tobramycin (TOB), an aminoglycoside antibiotic, as reducing and decorating agent. The TOB decorated GO AgNPs (TOB-GO-Ag) composite was used as an antibacterial agent against multi-drug resistant Gram-negative E-coli (BL21 DE3). The reversal of surface potential from -30 mV (GO) to +20 mV confirms the successful reduction of GO by TOB...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Saber Yezli
The Hajj and Umrah mass gatherings represent many of the risk factors for meningococcal disease and have historically been associated with both local and international outbreaks of the disease. The implementation of strict preventative measures including mandatory meningococcal vaccination with the quadrivalent (A,C,Y,W) vaccine has prevented pilgrimage-associated meningococcal outbreaks and significantly reduced the incidence of the disease at these events. However, meningococcal disease remains an important public health threat at the Hajj and Umrah due in part to the evolving nature of the disease, characterized with diverse and varying geographic trends, fluctuations in incidence and shifts in serogroups and genotypes...
May 8, 2018: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
Neil Krishan Aggarwal
Since the start of the global War on Terror, governments have used the mental health system for counterintelligence purposes. A recent manifestation of this trend is the call from policymakers and mental health researchers to screen individuals at risk for violent extremism through the public health system. Civil rights organisations have raised alarms that Muslims are being disproportionately referred to law enforcement agencies and that Muslim communities are being selected for surveillance despite government assurances that violent extremism is not exclusive to any ideology...
May 11, 2018: Global Public Health
Alaa Gouda, Norah Alrasheed, Alaa Ali, Ahmad Allaf, Najd Almudaiheem, Youssuf Ali, Ahmad Alghabban, Sami Alsalolami
Introduction: Only a few studies from Arab Muslim countries address do-not-resuscitate (DNR) practice. The knowledge of physicians about the existing policy and the attitude towards DNR were surveyed. Objective: The objective of this study is to identify the knowledge of the participants of the local DNR policy and barriers of addressing DNR including religious background. Methods: A questionnaire has been distributed to Emergency Room (ER) and Intensive Care Unit (ICU) physicians...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
Anja Schoeps, Reyn van Ewijk, Gisela Kynast-Wolf, Eric Nebié, Pascal Zabré, Ali Sié, Sabine Gabrysch
Ramadan exposure in utero can be regarded as a natural experiment to study how nutritional conditions in utero influence susceptibility to disease later in life. We analyzed data from rural Burkina Faso on 41,025 children born between 1993 and 2012, of which 25,093 to Muslim mothers. Ramadan exposure was assigned based on overlap between Ramadan dates and gestation, creating seven exclusive categories. We used proportional hazards regression with difference-in-differences to estimate the association between Ramadan exposure at different gestational ages and under-five mortality...
May 5, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
Susanne R de Rooij
Studies across different species have shown that moderate dietary restriction is associated with longer lifespan. Surprisingly however, when diet is restricted in prenatal life, the effect is completely the opposite. Animal work and human epidemiologic data have shown that undernutrition in utero negatively affects health in later life and reduces lifespan considerably. In this issue of the American Journal of Epidemiology, Schoeps et al. provide new evidence that variations in nutritional conditions during pregnancy relate to the future health of the unborn child (1)...
May 5, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
Aryeh D Stein
Ramadan is observed by 1.6 billion Muslims. In a paper published this month that uses data from the Nouna Health and Demographic Surveillance System site in Burkina Faso, it is found that experiencing Ramadan in early pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of child mortality. Ramadan exposes observant individuals to a specific pattern of nutrition and other behaviors, including changes in sleep patterns. How these behaviors might result in child mortality is not yet understood, and the findings reported in the paper should be replicated in other settings...
May 5, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
Fang-Ying Lek, Hing-Huat Ong, Yee-How Say
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the association of DRD2 Taq1A, Taq1B and Taq1D gene polymorphisms with eating behavior, the preference/intake frequency/craving of high-fat foods and obesity in 394 Malaysian adults (161 males, 233 females; 308 Chinese, 86 Indians; 67 obese, 327 non-obese). METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Eating behaviors namely Cognitive Restraint, Uncontrolled Eating and Emotional Eating scores were assessed by the Three Factor Eating Questionnaire-R18...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
George Muishout, Hanneke W M van Laarhoven, Gerard Wiegers, Ulrike Popp-Baier
BACKGROUND: Muslim norms concerning palliative sedation can differ from secular and non-Muslim perceptions. Muslim physicians working in a Western environment are expected to administer palliative sedation when medically indicated. Therefore, they can experience tension between religious and medical norms. OBJECTIVE: To gain insight into the professional experiences of Muslim physicians with palliative sedation in terms of religious and professional norms. DESIGN: Interpretative phenomenological study using semi-structured interviews to take a closer look at the experiences of Muslim physicians with palliative sedation...
May 8, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Madeeha Kamal, Samia Halileh, Soha Dargham, Khalid A Alyafei, Rita Giacaman, Sawsan Imseeh, Nehal Eldeeb, Shiraz Nasr, Mona Korayem, Niveen Abu-Rmeileh, Ziyad Mahfoud, Hassan Tawfik, Mohamed H Mahmoud, Marcellina Mian, Margaret A Lynch
This paper explores child disciplinary methods used by parents in Qatar and Palestine. In this study ICAST-P, an internationally recognized tool, was used with mothers reporting on one of their children up to their 12th birthday. It questions about disciplinary methods: nonviolent; physical: moderate and severe; and psychological methods that had been used in the previous year on the index child in the family. A comparative national cross-sectional household survey of mothers aged 25-50 years old was conducted in both Qatar and Palestine, both Arabic Muslim states, but with very different socio-economic and political contexts that place Qataris in a much more advantageous position...
May 3, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
Lobna F El Toony, Dina Ali Hamad, Omar Mohammed Omar
BACKGROUND: Ramadan fasting is associated with the risk of acute complications including hypoglycaemia. Therefore, patients' education before Ramadan and follow up during Ramadan is essential for safe fasting. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of pre-Ramadan education program on biochemical parameters and the risk of hypoglycaemia in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. METHODS: A prospective interventional controlled design was carried out on 320 Muslim patients with type 2 diabetes...
April 25, 2018: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
M Fazli Sabooh, Nadeem Iqbal, Mukhtaj Khan, Muslim Khan, H F Maqbool
This study examines accurate and efficient computational method for identification of 5-methylcytosine sites in RNA modification. The occurrence of 5-methylcytosine (m5 C) plays a vital role in a number of biological processes. For better comprehension of the biological functions and mechanism it is necessary to recognize m5 C sites in RNA precisely. The laboratory techniques and procedures are available to identify m5 C sites in RNA, but these procedures require a lot of time and resources. This study develops a new computational method for extracting the features of RNA sequence...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Theoretical Biology
Michael C Grillo, Juris Pupcenoks, Keith B Lyle
Whether Geneva Conventions (GC) rights should apply to terrorists is a contentious question that has received little attention in public opinion research. Both personality and contextual factors may be important. We queried participants' support for applying the GC to alleged terrorists, but first we measured participants' authoritarianism and presented them with a scenario concerning an alleged terrorist. We manipulated whether (1) the scenario contained examples of GC rights and (2) the alleged terrorist's religious affiliation was Muslim or non-Muslim...
2018: Politics and the Life Sciences: the Journal of the Association for Politics and the Life Sciences
Abdur Rauf, Usama Shaheen, Muslim Raza, Ghias Uddin, Taibi Ben Hadda, Yahia Nasser Mabkhot, Noor Jehan, Bashir Ahmad, Saleem Raza, Joseph Molnar, Ákos Csonka, Diána Szabó
A dimeric naphthoquinone namely dihydrodyspyrole R (1) was purified once more from Diospyros lotus. Dihydrodyspyrole R and chloroform fractions were evaluated for their effects on the reversion of multidrug resistance (MDR). The compounds (1) and extract exhibited promising MDR reversing effect in a dose-dependent manner against mouse T-lymphoma cell line. Molecular docking of compound 1 revealed the correlation between in-silico with in-vitro results. The molecular docking results showed that compound 1 is bind closely where co-crystal ligand of P-gp is present...
May 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
E Tessier, F Warburton, C Tsang, S Rafeeq, N Boddington, M Sinnathamby, R Pebody
England's influenza vaccination programme targets persons with clinical risk factors, pregnant women, those aged 65 years and older and children. Low vaccine uptake amongst primary school children was previously found to be significantly associated with increasing deprivation, Black or Minority Ethnic (BME) and certain religions. It is unknown whether these population predictors are associated with vaccine uptake in other groups. GP level data for target groups during the 2015/16 and 2016/17 seasons were linearly regressed against various factors to determine potential predictors associated with variation in uptake...
April 28, 2018: Vaccine
Jitlada Piriyasart, Praneed Songwathana, Susan Kools
Background Sex before marriage among Muslim adolescents is becoming a serious issue in Muslim societies exemplified by an increasing incidence of teenage pregnancy. Sexual abstinence is an optimal goal for adolescent health from an Islamic perspective. Muslim adolescent girls' perceptions have not been investigated, therefore, we lack understanding of their strengths and the risks that may contribute to outcomes such as pregnancy or sexually transmitted infections. Objective The purpose of this investigation was to characterize Muslim adolescent girls' perceptions of sexual abstinence...
April 30, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
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