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Auditory hallucinations

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740822/neurological-soft-signs-effects-of-trait-schizotypy-psychological-distress-and-auditory-hallucination-predisposition
#1
Saskia de Leede-Smith, Steven Roodenrys, Lauren Horsley, Shannen Matrini, Erin Mison, Emma Barkus
Schizotypy is regarded as a trait vulnerability for psychotic disorders, yet alone is insufficient for development of a diagnosable disorder. Additional symptoms and psychological distress are necessary for help seeking and transition from an at risk mental state to a clinical diagnosis. The present study investigated the interaction between trait schizotypy, state auditory verbal hallucination (AVH) predisposition, distress and handedness for the expression of neurological soft signs (NSS), a neurodevelopmental vulnerability factor for psychosis...
March 2017: Schizophrenia Research. Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738347/negative-beliefs-about-voices-in-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder-are-associated-with-distress-a-plea-for-cognitive-behavioural-therapy
#2
Christina W Slotema, Jan Dirk Blom, Mathijs Deen, Marieke B A Niemantsverdriet, Mark van der Gaag, Hans W Hoek, Iris E C Sommer
BACKGROUND: Auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH) are experienced by 21-54% of patients diagnosed with a borderline personality disorder (BPD), and ensuing distress is often high. Little is known about the beliefs these patients foster about their voices, and the influence thereof on distress and need for hospitalisation. METHODS: In a convenience sample of 38 BPD outpatients with AVH, data were collected with the aid of the Psychotic Symptom Rating Scales (PSYRATS), Beliefs about Voices Questionnaire (BAVQ), Social Comparison Rating Scale (SCRS), and Voice Power Differential Scale (VPDS)...
July 22, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735593/virtual-reality-in-the-assessment-and-treatment-of-psychosis-a-systematic-review-of-its-utility-acceptability-and-effectiveness
#3
M Rus-Calafell, P Garety, E Sason, T J K Craig, L R Valmaggia
Over the last two decades, there has been a rapid increase of studies testing the efficacy and acceptability of virtual reality in the assessment and treatment of mental health problems. This systematic review was carried out to investigate the use of virtual reality in the assessment and the treatment of psychosis. Web of Science, PsychInfo, EMBASE, Scopus, ProQuest and PubMed databases were searched, resulting in the identification of 638 articles potentially eligible for inclusion; of these, 50 studies were included in the review...
July 24, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726350/what-is-distressing-about-auditory-verbal-hallucinations-the-contribution-of-goal-interference-and-goal-facilitation
#4
Filippo Varese, Warren Mansell, Sara J Tai
OBJECTIVES: Distressing and pleasant/positive voices (auditory verbal hallucinations) are common in both clinical and non-clinical voice-hearers. Identifying factors that contribute to emotional reactions to voices is essential for developing effective psychological interventions. Several theories propose that facilitation and interference with personal goals are important predictors of distress and well-being. This study examined whether voice-related distress is related to the degree to which voices interfere with personal goals, and whether pleasantness of voices is influenced by the extent to which they facilitate goals...
July 20, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720416/emotional-fmr-auditory-paradigm-demonstrates-normalization-of-limbic-hyperactivity-after-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-auditory-hallucinations
#5
Eduardo J Aguilar, Iluminada Corripio, Gracián García-Martí, Eva Grasa, Luis Martí-Bonmatí, Beatriz Gómez-Ansón, Julio Sanjuán, Fidel Núñez-Marín, Esther Lorente-Rovira, María J Escartí, Alison Brabban, Douglas Turkington
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 15, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711798/psychotic-like-experiences-and-happiness-in-the-english-general-population
#6
Ai Koyanagi
BACKGROUND: Psychotic-like experiences (PLEs) have been associated with a variety of adverse outcomes but how they affect happiness in individuals with PLE is unknown. Thus, the aim of the study was to assess the association between PLEs and happiness, and the factors that may influence this association. METHODS: Nationally representative data from the 2007 Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey including adults aged ≥ 16 years was analyzed. The Psychosis Screening Questionnaire was used to assess past 12-month PLE...
November 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710677/cerebellar-contributions-to-persistent-auditory-verbal-hallucinations-in-patients-with-schizophrenia
#7
Maximilian Cierpka, Nadine D Wolf, Katharina M Kubera, Mike M Schmitgen, Nenad Vasic, Karel Frasch, Robert Christian Wolf
There is growing evidence that the cerebellum plays a crucial role in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia symptoms. Despite increasing evidence for cerebellar involvement in affective, attentive, and cognitive functions including language processing and perception, investigations of cerebellar contributions to auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH) in schizophrenia are lacking. Using structural magnetic resonance imaging at 3T, we investigated the data of 20 patients with schizophrenia and 14 matched healthy controls...
July 14, 2017: Cerebellum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699493/hallucinations-associated-with-topiramate-therapy-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#8
Shelby L Register, Orlando L Ruano, Deborah L Sanchez, Glenn Catalano, Maria C Catalano
BACKGROUND: Topiramate is a medication that is approved as both monotherapy and adjunctive treatment of seizure disorder in adults and adolescents. It is also approved for migraine prophylaxis. It has been associated with many side effects, including weight loss and the development of renal stones. It has also been associated with various central nervous system side effects such as dizziness, nervousness, parasthesias, and fatigue. Less commonly, it has been associated with the development of psychotic symptoms such as hallucinations...
July 10, 2017: Current Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665917/brief-psychosis-induced-by-methylphenidate-in-a-child-with-attention-deficit-disorder-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#9
Juan Carlos Martínez-Aguayo, Marcelo Arancibia, Nicolás Meza-Concha, Camila Bustamante, Javier Pérez-Bracchiglione, Eva Madrid
Methylphenidate-induced psychosis has been scarcely studied due to bioethical and neurobiological issues regarding its research. Although some authors have hypothesized that there might be a vulnerability for the development of a major psychiatric disorder in the long term, there is no agreement about the predictive value of this type of psychosis in children and adolescents, and its origin is also uncertain. It has been suggested that higher dopamine levels in some cerebral regions and a family history of mental disorders might increase the risk of psychosis secondary to psychostimulants...
June 21, 2017: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663785/case-report-novel-mutations-in-tbc1d24-are-associated-with-autosomal-dominant-tonic-clonic-and-myoclonic-epilepsy-and-recessive-parkinsonism-psychosis-and-intellectual-disability
#10
Erika Banuelos, Keri Ramsey, Newell Belnap, Malavika Krishnan, Chris Balak, Szabolcs Szelinger, Ashley L Siniard, Megan Russell, Ryan Richholt, Matt De Both, Ignazio Piras, Marcus Naymik, Ana M Claasen, Sampathkumar Rangasamy, Matthew J Huentelman, David W Craig, Philippe M Campeau, Vinodh Narayanan, Isabelle Schrauwen
Mutations disrupting presynaptic protein TBC1D24 are associated with a variable neurological phenotype, including DOORS syndrome, myoclonic epilepsy, early-infantile epileptic encephalopathy, and non-syndromic hearing loss. In this report, we describe a family segregating autosomal dominant epilepsy, and a 37-year-old Caucasian female with a severe neurological phenotype including epilepsy, Parkinsonism, psychosis, visual and auditory hallucinations, gait ataxia and intellectual disability. Whole exome sequencing revealed two missense mutations in the TBC1D24 gene segregating within this family (c...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660668/fmri-capture-of-auditory-hallucinations-validation-of-the-two-steps-method
#11
Arnaud Leroy, Jack R Foucher, Delphine Pins, Christine Delmaire, Pierre Thomas, Mathilde M Roser, Stéphanie Lefebvre, Ali Amad, Thomas Fovet, Nemat Jaafari, Renaud Jardri
Our purpose was to validate a reliable method to capture brain activity concomitant with hallucinatory events, which constitute frequent and disabling experiences in schizophrenia. Capturing hallucinations using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) remains very challenging. We previously developed a method based on a two-steps strategy including (1) multivariate data-driven analysis of per-hallucinatory fMRI recording and (2) selection of the components of interest based on a post-fMRI interview. However, two tests still need to be conducted to rule out critical pitfalls of conventional fMRI capture methods before this two-steps strategy can be adopted in hallucination research: replication of these findings on an independent sample and assessment of the reliability of the hallucination-related patterns at the subject level...
June 28, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651663/brief-coping-strategy-enhancement-for-distressing-voices-an-evaluation-in-routine-clinical-practice
#12
Mark Hayward, Rebecca Edgecumbe, Anna-Marie Jones, Clio Berry, Clara Strauss
BACKGROUND: Hearing voices can be a common and distressing experience. Psychological treatment in the form of cognitive behavioural therapy for psychosis (CBTp) is effective, but is rarely available to patients. The barriers to increasing access include a lack of time for clinicians to deliver therapy. Emerging evidence suggests that CBTp delivered in brief forms can be effective and offer one solution to increasing access. AIMS: We adapted an existing form of CBTp, coping strategy enhancement (CSE), to focus specifically on distressing voices in a brief format...
June 27, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643843/perisylvian-including-insular-childhood-epilepsy-presurgical-workup-and-surgical-outcome
#13
Elena Freri, Sara Matricardi, Francesca Gozzo, Massimo Cossu, Tiziana Granata, Laura Tassi
OBJECTIVE: To report the presurgical workup, surgical procedures, and outcomes in a series of pediatric patients with drug-resistant epilepsy involving the perisylvian/insular regions. METHODS: We retrospectively assessed 16 pediatric patients affected by drug-resistant focal epilepsy involving perisylvian/insular regions, who consecutively underwent tailored resective surgery. All patients underwent a detailed presurgical workup, which included the analysis of the anatomoelectroclinical correlations with scalp electroencephalography (EEG) and/or with stereo-electroencephalography (SEEG), brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and comprehensive cognitive and neuropsychological evaluations...
June 23, 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641772/susac-syndrome-a-differential-diagnosis-of-white-matter-lesions
#14
Mariano Marrodan, Jorge Correale, Lucas Alessandro, Mariela Amaya, Maria Eugenia Fracaro, Alejandro Alfredo Köhler, Marcela Fiol
INTRODUCTION: Susac Syndrome is an autoimmune endotheliopathy affecting capillaries and precapillary arterioles of the brain, inner ear and retina. The classic symptom triad includes visual disturbances, hypoacusia, and encephalopathy, but is rarely fully manifest at onset. The syndrome typically follows an active fluctuating monophasic course. Typical imaging findings on brain magnetic resonance show central fiber microischemias/microinfarctions of the corpus callosum known as "snow balls", as well as lineal infarcts and upper callosal fiber involvement...
July 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638205/effects-of-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-tdcs-for-auditory-hallucinations-a-systematic-review
#15
Haibin Li, Yiran Wang, Jiangling Jiang, Wei Li, Chunbo Li
BACKGROUND: Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a non-invasion brain stimulation, which has been suggested as a safe and promising treatment for auditory hallucinations, however, no systematic review has been conducted to evaluate the effects of tDCS on auditory hallucinations (AH). OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy and safety of tDCS for auditory hallucinations among patients with schizophrenia. METHODS: We searched relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) from PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chongqing VIP database for Chinese Technical Periodicals, WANFANG DATA, Chinese Biological Medical Literature Database, and Taiwan Electronic Periodical Services (TEPS) before February 13, 2016...
December 25, 2016: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625224/auditory-verbal-hallucinations-are-related-to-cortical-thinning-in-the-left-middle-temporal-gyrus-of-patients-with-schizophrenia
#16
Y Cui, B Liu, M Song, D M Lipnicki, J Li, S Xie, Y Chen, P Li, L Lu, L Lv, H Wang, H Yan, J Yan, H Zhang, D Zhang, T Jiang
BACKGROUND: Auditory verbal hallucinations (AVHs) are one of the most common and severe symptoms of schizophrenia, but the neuroanatomical abnormalities underlying AVHs are not well understood. The present study aims to investigate whether AVHs are associated with cortical thinning. METHODS: Participants were schizophrenia patients from four centers across China, 115 with AVHs and 93 without AVHs, as well as 261 healthy controls. All received 3 T T1-weighted brain scans, and whole brain vertex-wise cortical thickness was compared across groups...
June 19, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622335/psychotic-symptoms-in-older-people-without-dementia-from-a-brazilian-community-based-sample-a-seven-years-follow-up
#17
Walter Barbalho Soares, Eriton Barros Dos Santos, Cássio Machado de Campos Bottino, Helio Elkis
BACKGROUND: Studies of the incidence of psychotic symptoms in elderly people at risk of dementia are scarce. This is a seven year follow up study aiming to determine the incidence of psychotic symptoms and their correlation with other clinical aspects, in particular the rate of development of cognitive impairment. METHODS: Cohort study of a community-based sample of elderly subjects. At study entry in 2004, the sample was composed of 1,125 individuals aged 60 years and older...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615781/-radio-inside-my-head-a-curious-case-of-early-onset-stuck-song-syndrome-or-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-with-predominant-musical-obsession
#18
Subrata Naskar, Robin Victor, Kamal Nath, Hasina Anjuman Choudhury
Musical obsessions also called "stuck song syndrome" is a topic of limited research. It is among the most poorly understood and rare phenomenology. There are only a few cases reported across the world which describes it. Subjects usually present with complaints of continuous play of a musical tune in the head which the subject is unable to remove. Because of its similarity in presentation with auditory musical hallucination, it presents a diagnostic dilemma to the clinician. Here, we present the case of a 25-year-old man who presented with this particular phenomenon, and the approach we took to manage it...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615779/multimodal-hallucinations-in-a-visually-impaired-elderly-female-is-it-a-variant-of-charles-bonnet-syndrome
#19
Sukanto Sarkar, Eswaran Subramanium, Kirti Nath Jha
Charles Bonnet Syndrome (CBS) is a common cause of visual hallucinations seen in elderly people with visual impairment. Well-formed visual hallucinations in clear consciousness with preserved insight are commonly reported in literature. We report a case of CBS having multisensory hallucinations. An elderly patient with visual impairment fulfilling the criteria of CBS presents with various modalities of hallucinations viz. visual, auditory and tactile hallucinations improved completely with low dose of antipsychotics...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615775/online-methods-of-managing-auditory-hallucinations-a-new-trend-to-understand-psychopathology
#20
Manoj Kumar Sharma, Poornima Mahindru
Treatment seekers use various coping methods to reduce the distress associated with auditory hallucinations. With the increase use of technology, the technology means are also in use to manage the auditory hallucination. The current report documents the implications of technology means for the management of auditory hallucinations. The user was assessed using clinical interview, internet addiction test, problematic online gaming questionnaire, and screening questions for technology addiction. It showed the use of technology to manage the auditory hallucinations...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
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