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Auditory hallucinations

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625224/auditory-verbal-hallucinations-are-related-to-cortical-thinning-in-the-left-middle-temporal-gyrus-of-patients-with-schizophrenia
#1
Y Cui, B Liu, M Song, D M Lipnicki, J Li, S Xie, Y Chen, P Li, L Lu, L Lv, H Wang, H Yan, J Yan, H Zhang, D Zhang, T Jiang
BACKGROUND: Auditory verbal hallucinations (AVHs) are one of the most common and severe symptoms of schizophrenia, but the neuroanatomical abnormalities underlying AVHs are not well understood. The present study aims to investigate whether AVHs are associated with cortical thinning. METHODS: Participants were schizophrenia patients from four centers across China, 115 with AVHs and 93 without AVHs, as well as 261 healthy controls. All received 3 T T1-weighted brain scans, and whole brain vertex-wise cortical thickness was compared across groups...
June 19, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622335/psychotic-symptoms-in-older-people-without-dementia-from-a-brazilian-community-based-sample-a-seven-years-follow-up
#2
Walter Barbalho Soares, Eriton Barros Dos Santos, Cássio Machado de Campos Bottino, Helio Elkis
BACKGROUND: Studies of the incidence of psychotic symptoms in elderly people at risk of dementia are scarce. This is a seven year follow up study aiming to determine the incidence of psychotic symptoms and their correlation with other clinical aspects, in particular the rate of development of cognitive impairment. METHODS: Cohort study of a community-based sample of elderly subjects. At study entry in 2004, the sample was composed of 1,125 individuals aged 60 years and older...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615781/-radio-inside-my-head-a-curious-case-of-early-onset-stuck-song-syndrome-or-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-with-predominant-musical-obsession
#3
Subrata Naskar, Robin Victor, Kamal Nath, Hasina Anjuman Choudhury
Musical obsessions also called "stuck song syndrome" is a topic of limited research. It is among the most poorly understood and rare phenomenology. There are only a few cases reported across the world which describes it. Subjects usually present with complaints of continuous play of a musical tune in the head which the subject is unable to remove. Because of its similarity in presentation with auditory musical hallucination, it presents a diagnostic dilemma to the clinician. Here, we present the case of a 25-year-old man who presented with this particular phenomenon, and the approach we took to manage it...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615779/multimodal-hallucinations-in-a-visually-impaired-elderly-female-is-it-a-variant-of-charles-bonnet-syndrome
#4
Sukanto Sarkar, Eswaran Subramanium, Kirti Nath Jha
Charles Bonnet Syndrome (CBS) is a common cause of visual hallucinations seen in elderly people with visual impairment. Well-formed visual hallucinations in clear consciousness with preserved insight are commonly reported in literature. We report a case of CBS having multisensory hallucinations. An elderly patient with visual impairment fulfilling the criteria of CBS presents with various modalities of hallucinations viz. visual, auditory and tactile hallucinations improved completely with low dose of antipsychotics...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615775/online-methods-of-managing-auditory-hallucinations-a-new-trend-to-understand-psychopathology
#5
Manoj Kumar Sharma, Poornima Mahindru
Treatment seekers use various coping methods to reduce the distress associated with auditory hallucinations. With the increase use of technology, the technology means are also in use to manage the auditory hallucination. The current report documents the implications of technology means for the management of auditory hallucinations. The user was assessed using clinical interview, internet addiction test, problematic online gaming questionnaire, and screening questions for technology addiction. It showed the use of technology to manage the auditory hallucinations...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609679/segregating-polymorphisms-of-foxp2-are-associated-with-measures-of-inner-speech-speech-fluency-and-strength-of-handedness-in-a-healthy-population
#6
Bernard Crespi, Silven Read, Peter Hurd
We genotyped a healthy population for three haplotype-tagging FOXP2 SNPs, and tested for associations of these SNPs with strength of handedness and questionnaire-based metrics of inner speech characteristics (ISP) and speech fluency (FLU), as derived from the Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire-BR. Levels of mixed-handedness were positively correlated with ISP and FLU, supporting prior work on these two domains. Genotype for rs7799109, a SNP previously linked with lateralization of left frontal regions underlying language, was associated with degree of mixed handedness and with scores for ISP and FLU phenotypes...
June 10, 2017: Brain and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576898/sex-differences-in-auditory-verbal-hallucinations-in-early-middle-and-late-adolescence-results-from-a-survey-of-17-451-japanese-students-aged-12-18-years
#7
Yoko Morokuma, Kaori Endo, Atushi Nishida, Syudo Yamasaki, Shuntaro Ando, Yuko Morimoto, Miharu Nakanishi, Yuji Okazaki, Toshi A Furukawa, Shigeru Morinobu, Shinji Shimodera
OBJECTIVES: Women have higher rates of auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH) than men; however, less is known about sex differences in the prevalence of AVH in early, middle and late adolescence. We sought to elucidate the differences in the prevalence of AVH and to examine the degree to which these differences could be explained by differences in levels of depressive symptoms. DESIGN: We used a cross-sectional design and a self-reported questionnaire. SETTING: Participants were recruited from public junior and senior high schools in Tsu, Mie Prefecture and Kochi Prefecture, Japan...
June 1, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572112/delirium-in-children-identification-prevention-and-management
#8
Amanda Bettencourt, Jodi E Mullen
Delirium in children is an often underrecognized but serious complication of hospitalization. Delirium in this age group has been described as behaviors such as refractory agitation and restlessness, visual or auditory hallucinations, children being "not themselves," and a lethargic state. Often, children with delirium are at risk for harming themselves by dislodging tubes, falling, or refusing care. Pediatric nurses must recognize and intervene to prevent and treat delirium in hospitalized children because the delirium may be an indicator of worsening clinical status and is associated with high mortality and morbidity in children of all ages and with posttraumatic stress disorder...
June 2017: Critical Care Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572034/decreased-middle-temporal-gyrus-connectivity-in-the-language-network-in-schizophrenia-patients-with-auditory-verbal-hallucinations
#9
Linchuan Zhang, Baojuan Li, Huaning Wang, Liang Li, Qimei Liao, Yang Liu, Xianghong Bao, Wenlei Liu, Hong Yin, Hongbing Lu, Qingrong Tan
As the most common symptoms of schizophrenia, the long-term persistence of obstinate auditory verbal hallucinations (AVHs) brings about great mental pain to patients. Neuroimaging studies of schizophrenia have indicated that AVHs were associated with altered functional and structural connectivity within the language network. However, effective connectivity that could reflect directed information flow within this network and is of great importance to understand the neural mechanisms of the disorder remains largely unknown...
May 29, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567134/-doctor-i-hear-music-a-brief-review-about-musical-hallucinations
#10
REVIEW
Purificacion Alvarez Perez, Maria Jose Garcia-Antelo, Eduardo Rubio-Nazabal
Auditory hallucinations are defined as the abnormal perception of sound in the absence of an external auditory stimulus. Musical hallucinations constitute a complex type of auditory hallucination characterized by perception of melodies, music, or songs. Musical hallucinations are infrequent and have been described in 0.16% of a general hospital population. The auditory hallucinations are popularly associated with psychiatric disorders or degenerative neurological diseases but there may be other causes in which the patient evolves favorably with treatment...
2017: Open Neurology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562181/working-memory-predicts-presence-of-auditory-verbal-hallucinations-in-schizophrenia-and-bipolar-disorder-with-psychosis
#11
Lisanne M Jenkins, Anjuli S Bodapati, Rajiv P Sharma, Cherise Rosen
OBJECTIVE: The recent dramatic increase in research investigating auditory verbal hallucinations (AVHs) has broadened the former narrow focus on schizophrenia to incorporate additional populations that experience these symptoms. However, an understanding of potential shared mechanisms remains elusive. Based on theories suggesting a failure of top-down cognitive control, we aimed to compare the relationship between AVHs and cognition in two categorical diagnoses of psychosis, schizophrenia and psychotic bipolar disorder...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558877/mhealth-for-mental-health-in-the-middle-east-need-technology-use-and-readiness-among-palestinians-in-the-west-bank
#12
Dror Ben-Zeev, Cherie Fathy, Geneva Jonathan, Batoul Abuharb, Rachel M Brian, Lana Kesbeh, Samer Abdelkader
Palestinians in the West Bank are at heightened risk for mental health problems. Limited availability of clinicians and a host of geopolitical, topographical, and infrastructural challenges create significant regional barriers to clinic-based care. The objective of this study was to examine whether mHealth approaches that leverage mobile phones for remote mental health treatment may be viable alternatives. We surveyed 272 Palestinian adults in urban, rural, and refugee camp settings. Most participants (93.4%) reported owning mobile phones...
June 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554165/network-modeling-of-resting-state-connectivity-points-towards-the-bottom-up-theories-of-schizophrenia
#13
François Orliac, Pascal Delamillieure, Nicolas Delcroix, Mikael Naveau, Perrine Brazo, Annick Razafimandimby, Sonia Dollfus, Marc Joliot
The dysconnectivity theory of schizophrenia proposes that schizophrenia symptoms arise from abnormalities in neuronal synchrony. Resting-state Functional Connectivity (FC) techniques allow us to highlight synchronization of large-scale networks, the Resting-state Networks (RNs). A large body of work suggests that disruption of RN synchronization could give rise to specific schizophrenia symptoms. The present study aimed to explore within- and between-network FC strength of 34 RNs in 29 patients suffering from schizophrenia, and their relationships with schizophrenia symptoms...
April 12, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546056/glutamate-in-dorsolateral-prefrontal-cortex-and-auditory-verbal-hallucinations-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-a-1-h-mrs-study
#14
Branislava Ćurčić-Blake, Leonie Bais, Anita Sibeijn-Kuiper, Hendrika Maria Pijnenborg, Henderikus Knegtering, Edith Liemburg, André Aleman
PURPOSE: Glutamatergic models of psychosis propose that dysfunction of N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptors, and associated excess of glutamate, may underlie psychotic experiences in people with schizophrenia. However, little is known about the specific relation between glutamate and auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH) in patients with psychosis. In this study, levels of glutamate+glutamine (Glx) in the left lateral prefrontal lobe were determined using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H MRS) to calculate their association with AVH...
May 22, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532686/mismatch-negativity-mmn-to-spatial-deviants-and-behavioral-spatial-discrimination-ability-in-the-etiology-of-auditory-verbal-hallucinations-and-thought-disorder-in-schizophrenia
#15
Megan A Perrin, Joshua T Kantrowitz, Gail Silipo, Elisa Dias, Omar Jabado, Daniel C Javitt
Persistent auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH) in schizophrenia are increasingly tied to dysfunction at the level of auditory cortex. AVH may reflect in part misattribution of internally generated thoughts to external spatial locations. Here, we investigated the association between persistent AVH and spatial localization abilities assessed both behaviorally and by mismatch negativity (MMN) to location deviants. METHODS: Spatial- and tonal- discrimination abilities were assessed in patients (n=20) and controls (n=20) using free-field tones...
May 19, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517948/randomized-controlled-trial-of-an-internet-cognitive-behavioral-skills-based-program-for-auditory-hallucinations-in-persons-with-psychosis
#16
Jennifer D Gottlieb, Vasudha Gidugu, Mihoko Maru, Miriam C Tepper, Matthew J Davis, Jennifer Greenwold, Ruth A Barron, Brian P Chiko, Kim T Mueser
OBJECTIVE: Despite strong evidence supporting the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral therapy for psychosis (CBTp), most clinicians in the United States have received little or no training in the approach and access remains very low, indicating a potential role for technology in increasing access to this intervention. Coping With Voices (CWV) is a 10-session, interactive, Web-based CBTp skills program that was developed to meet this need, and was shown to be feasible and associated with reduced severity of auditory hallucinations in a previous pilot study...
May 18, 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516807/neurofeedback-based-enhancement-of-single-trial-auditory-evoked-potentials-feasibility-in-healthy-subjects
#17
Kathryn Rieger, Marie-Helene Rarra, Nicolas Moor, Laura Diaz Hernandez, Anja Baenninger, Nadja Razavi, Thomas Dierks, Daniela Hubl, Thomas Koenig
Previous studies showed a global reduction of the event-related potential component N100 in patients with schizophrenia, a phenomenon that is even more pronounced during auditory verbal hallucinations. This reduction assumingly results from dysfunctional activation of the primary auditory cortex by inner speech, which reduces its responsiveness to external stimuli. With this study, we tested the feasibility of enhancing the responsiveness of the primary auditory cortex to external stimuli with an upregulation of the event-related potential component N100 in healthy control subjects...
May 1, 2017: Clinical EEG and Neuroscience: Official Journal of the EEG and Clinical Neuroscience Society (ENCS)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497892/echoes-of-others-a-path-analytic-examination-of-an-interpersonal-cognitive-model-of-voice-related-distress
#18
Esther R Cole, Clara Strauss, Chris Fife-Schaw, Simon McCarthy-Jones
OBJECTIVES: Cognitive models propose that levels of distress associated with auditory verbal hallucinations ('voices') are influenced by the hearers' beliefs about their voices (perceived malevolence and omnipotence), their negative beliefs about themselves and others and their attachment style. This study aims to test a comprehensive model of the relationship between these variables in order to identify distal and proximal interpersonal and cognitive factors contributing to voice-related distress...
May 12, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491313/positron-emission-tomography-imaging-in-a-case-of-e200k-mutation-related-spongiform-encephalopathy-with-non-diagnostic-magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-cerebrospinal-fluid-testing
#19
Pravin George, Christopher R Newey, Karin P Mente, Erik P Pioro
OBJECTIVE: Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease is a rapidly progressive spongiform encephalopathy. The E200K mutation is found in a majority of genetically transmitted Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease cases. METHODS: We describe the case and associated neuroimaging of an E200K-129M gene-mutation-related fatal spongiform encephalopathy with resultant clinical insomnia and thalamic changes. RESULTS: A 46-year-old Caucasian male presented with, who was well until 2 months prior to admission, a rapidly progressive dementia followed by a change in personality with auditory and visual hallucinations...
2017: SAGE open medical case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482196/auditory-and-non-auditory-hallucinations-in-first-episode-psychosis-differential-associations-with-diverse-clinical-features
#20
Chiara Galletti, Enrico Paolini, Alfonso Tortorella, Michael T Compton
Data from 247 first-episode psychosis patients were used to explore associations between types of hallucinations and nine diverse clinical characteristics. Psychopathology was rated using the Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms and Scale for the Assessment of Negative Symptoms (SANS). Childhood adversity was assessed with seven instruments; family history with an adapted version of the Family Interview for Genetic Studies; age at onset of psychosis and duration of untreated psychosis (DUP) with the Symptom Onset in Schizophrenia inventory; and insight with the Birchwood Insight Scale...
April 24, 2017: Psychiatry Research
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