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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812972/barbershop-prostate-cancer-education-factors-associated-with-client-knowledge
#1
Barry C Hill, David R Black, Cleveland G Shields
The purpose of this paper is to identify characteristics of Black barbershop clients and barbers in an urban Midwestern city participating in a health promotion program called Affecting Cancer Together (ACT) that are associated with client knowledge about prostate cancer. Statistical analyses examined client and barber characteristics for their potential association with client prostate cancer knowledge, while controlling for ACT variables. Study findings suggested clients who are married (β = 0.99; CI [0...
September 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812961/community-managed-services-for-persons-with-intellectual-disability-andhra-pradesh-experience
#2
Jayanthi Narayan, Raja Pratapkumar, Sudhakara P Reddy
In resource poor settings innovative and bottom-up approaches are required to provide services to people with with disabilities. In this context, the present paper explains a community-based model of manpower development and coordination of services for people with intellectual disabilities in unified state of Andhra Pradesh in India. Women with disabilities from the village were identified, and those willing to be trained to work as community resource persons (CRPs) were selected and given hands-on training in a phased manner...
September 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812930/increasing-colorectal-cancer-screening-at-an-urban-fqhc-using-ifobt-and-patient-navigation
#3
Richard L Martin, Madelaine Tully, Allison Kos, David Frazer, Amy Williamson, Amy Conlon, James J Enser, Noelle K LoConte
INTRODUCTION: Colorectal cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in the United States. Black Americans suffer even higher incidence and death rates than the general population. Genetics and patient perceptions explain some of this difference, however, modifiable health care system factors such as lack of access to colon cancer screening also contribute. Partnering an academic health center with local community groups, we piloted a colorectal cancer screening program at a Federally Qualified Health Center (FQHC) serving predominately low socioeconomic status Black Americans...
September 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812894/enhanced-production-of-%C3%AE%C2%BA-carrageenase-and-%C3%AE%C2%BA-carrageenan-oligosaccharides-through-immobilization-of-thalassospira-sp-fjfst-332-with-magnetic-fe3o4-chitosan-microspheres
#4
Juanjuan Guo, Zhichang Zheng, Chi Chen, Xu Lu, Yi Zhang, Baodong Zheng
In this study, immobilized bacteria (IMB) microsphere was prepared by embedding κ-carrageenase-producing Thalassospira sp.Fjfst-332 (TF332) onto a magnetic Fe3O4-chitosan carrier. The performance of Fe3O4-chitosan carrier was optimized by comparing their bacteria immobilization capacity at different Fe3O4:chitosan ratios and temperatures, while the functions of IMB microspheres were characterized by examining their κ-carrageenase production at different temperatures, pH, and reuse cycles. At the 1:1 (w:w) Fe3O4:chitosan ratio, the Fe3O4-chitosan carriers possessed sufficient anchoring capacity for bacterial immobilization without significant compromise of their magnetism for magnetic separation of IMB from culture media...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812849/global-health-in-the-anthropocene-moving-beyond-resilience-and-capitalism-comment-on-health-promotion-in-an-age-of-normative-equity-and-rampant-inequality
#5
Remco van de Pas
There has been much reflection on the need for a new understanding of global health and the urgency of a paradigm shift to address global health issues. A crucial question is whether this is still possible in current modes of global governance based on capitalist values. Four reflections are provided. (1) Ecological -centered values must become central in any future global health framework. (2) The objectives of 'sustainability' and 'economic growth' present a profound contradiction. (3) The resilience discourse maintains a gridlock in the functioning of the global health system...
December 24, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812847/evidence-informed-deliberative-processes-for-universal-health-coverage-broadening-the-scope-comment-on-priority-setting-for-universal-health-coverage-we-need-evidence-informed-deliberative-processes-not-just-more-evidence-on-cost-effectiveness
#6
Unni Gopinathan, Trygve Ottersen
Universal health coverage (UHC) is high on the global health agenda, and priority setting is fundamental to the fair and efficient pursuit of this goal. In a recent editorial, Rob Baltussen and colleagues point to the need to go beyond evidence on cost-effectiveness and call for evidence-informed deliberative processes when setting priorities for UHC. Such processes are crucial at every step on the path to UHC, and hopefully we will see intensified efforts to develop and implement processes of this kind in the coming years...
November 27, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812838/forced-migration-and-global-responsibility-for-health-comment-on-defining-and-acting-on-global-health-the-case-of-japan-and-the-refugee-crisis
#7
Kayvan Bozorgmehr, Oliver Razum
Forced migration has become a world-wide phenomenon in the past century, affecting increasing numbers of countries and people. It entails important challenges from a global health perspective. Leppold et al have critically discussed the Japanese interpretation of global responsibility for health in the context of forced migration. This commentary complements their analysis by outlining three priority areas of global health responsibility for European Union (EU) countries. We highlight important stages of the migration phases related to forced migration and propose three arguments...
November 5, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812837/labont%C3%A3-identifies-key-issues-for-health-promoters-in-the-new-world-order-comment-on-health-promotion-in-an-age-of-normative-equity-and-rampant-inequality
#8
Dennis Raphael Raphael
For over 35 years Ronald Labonté has been critically analyzing the state of health promotion in Canada and the world. In 1981, he identified the shortcomings of the groundbreaking Lalonde Report by warning of the seductive appeal of so-called lifestyle approaches to health. Since then, he has left a trail of critical work identifying the barriers to - and opportunities for -health promotion work. More recently, he has shown how the rise of economic globalization and acceptance of neo-liberal ideology has come to threaten the health of those in both developed and developing nations...
November 2, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812831/multisectoral-actions-for-health-challenges-and-opportunities-in-complex-policy-environments
#9
EDITORIAL
Viroj Tangcharoensathien, Orapan Srisookwatana, Poldej Pinprateep, Tipicha Posayanonda, Walaiporn Patcharanarumol
Multisectoral actions for health, defined as actions undertaken by non-health sectors to protect the health of the population, are essential in the context of inter-linkages between three dimensions of sustainable development: economic, social, and environmental. These multisectoral actions can address the social and economic factors that influence the health of a population at the local, national, and global levels. This editorial identifies the challenges, opportunities and capacity development for effective multisectoral actions for health in a complex policy environment...
May 16, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812821/-re-making-the-procrustean-bed-standardization-and-customization-as-competing-logics-in-healthcare
#10
EDITORIAL
Russell Mannion, Mark Exworthy
Recent years have witnessed a parallel and seemingly contradictory trend towards both the standardization and the customization of healthcare and medical treatment. Here, we explore what is meant by 'standardization' and 'customization' in healthcare settings and explore the implications of these changes for healthcare delivery. We frame the paradox of these divergent and opposing factors in terms of institutional logics - the socially constructed rules, practices and beliefs which perpetuate institutional behaviour...
March 28, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812808/history-structure-and-agency-in-global-health-governance-comment-on-global-health-governance-challenges-2016-are-we-ready
#11
Stephen Gill, Solomon R Benatar
Ilona Kickbusch's thought provoking editorial is criticized in this commentary, partly because she fails to refer to previous critical work on the global conditions and policies that sustain inequality, poverty, poor health and damage to the biosphere and, as a result, she misreads global power and elides consideration of the fundamental historical structures of political and material power that shape agency in global health governance. We also doubt that global health can be improved through structures and processes of multilateralism that are premised on the continued reproduction of the ecologically myopic and socially unsustainable market civilization model of capitalist development that currently prevails in the world economy...
August 29, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812807/health-technology-assessment-global-advocacy-and-local-realities-comment-on-priority-setting-for-universal-health-coverage-we-need-evidence-informed-deliberative-processes-not-just-more-evidence-on-cost-effectiveness
#12
Kalipso Chalkidou, Ryan Li, Anthony J Culyer, Amanda Glassman, Karen J Hofman, Yot Teerawattananon
Cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) can help countries attain and sustain universal health coverage (UHC), as long as it is context-specific and considered within deliberative processes at the country level. Institutionalising robust deliberative processes requires significant time and resources, however, and countries often begin by demanding evidence (including local CEA evidence as well as evidence about local values), whilst striving to strengthen the governance structures and technical capacities with which to generate, consider and act on such evidence...
August 29, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812683/megafaunal-isotopes-reveal-role-of-increased-moisture-on-rangeland-during-late-pleistocene-extinctions
#13
M Timothy Rabanus-Wallace, Matthew J Wooller, Grant D Zazula, Elen Shute, A Hope Jahren, Pavel Kosintsev, James A Burns, James Breen, Bastien Llamas, Alan Cooper
The role of environmental change in the late Pleistocene megafaunal extinctions remains a key question, owing in part to uncertainty about landscape changes at continental scales. We investigated the influence of environmental changes on megaherbivores using bone collagen nitrogen isotopes (n = 684, 63 new) as a proxy for moisture levels in the rangelands that sustained late Pleistocene grazers. An increase in landscape moisture in Europe, Siberia and the Americas during the Last Glacial-Interglacial Transition (LGIT; ~25-10 kyr bp) directly affected megaherbivore ecology on four continents, and was associated with a key period of population decline and extinction...
April 18, 2017: Nature ecology & evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812626/dispersal-governs-the-reorganization-of-ecological-networks-under-environmental-change
#14
Patrick L Thompson, Andrew Gonzalez
Ecological networks, such as food webs, mutualist webs and host-parasite webs, are reorganizing as species abundances and spatial distributions shift in response to environmental change. Current theoretical expectations for how this reorganization will occur are available for competition or for parts of interaction networks, but these may not extend to more complex networks. Here we use metacommunity theory to develop new expectations for how complex networks will reorganize under environmental change, and show that dispersal is crucial for determining the degree to which networks will retain their composition and structure...
May 8, 2017: Nature ecology & evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812625/larval-fish-dispersal-in-a-coral-reef-seascape
#15
Glenn R Almany, Serge Planes, Simon R Thorrold, Michael L Berumen, Michael Bode, Pablo Saenz-Agudelo, Mary C Bonin, Ashley J Frisch, Hugo B Harrison, Vanessa Messmer, Gerrit B Nanninga, Mark A Priest, Maya Srinivasan, Tane Sinclair-Taylor, David H Williamson, Geoffrey P Jones
Larval dispersal is a critical yet enigmatic process in the persistence and productivity of marine metapopulations. Empirical data on larval dispersal remain scarce, hindering the use of spatial management tools in efforts to sustain ocean biodiversity and fisheries. Here we document dispersal among subpopulations of clownfish (Amphiprion percula) and butterflyfish (Chaetodon vagabundus) from eight sites across a large seascape (10,000 km(2)) in Papua New Guinea across 2 years. Dispersal of clownfish was consistent between years, with mean observed dispersal distances of 15 km and 10 km in 2009 and 2011, respectively...
May 8, 2017: Nature ecology & evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812606/global-marine-protected-areas-to-prevent-extinctions
#16
Lindsay N K Davidson, Nicholas K Dulvy
One goal of global marine protected areas (MPAs) is to ensure they represent a breadth of taxonomic biodiversity. Ensuring representation of species in MPAs, however, would require protecting vast areas of the global oceans and does not explicitly prioritize species of conservation concern. When threatened species are considered, a recent study found that only a small fraction of their geographic ranges are within the global MPA network. Which global marine areas, and what conservation actions beyond MPAs could be prioritized to prevent marine extinctions (Convention on Biological Diversity Aichi Target 12), remains unknown...
January 23, 2017: Nature ecology & evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812603/climate-change-upends-selection-on-ornamentation-in-a-wild-bird
#17
Simon R Evans, Lars Gustafsson
Secondary sexual traits have high heritabilities and are exposed to strong, environmentally sensitive selection, and so are expected to evolve rapidly in response to sustained environmental change. We examine the eco-evolutionary dynamics of ornament expression in a long-term study population of collared flycatchers, Ficedula albicollis, in which forehead patch size, which positively influences male reproductive success, declined markedly over 34 years. Annual fitness selection on forehead patch size switched from positive to negative during the study, a reversal that is accounted for by rising spring temperatures at the breeding site: highly ornamented males were selectively favoured following cold breeding seasons but selected against following warm breeding seasons...
January 23, 2017: Nature ecology & evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812584/revisiting-the-biodiversity-ecosystem-multifunctionality-relationship
#18
Lars Gamfeldt, Fabian Roger
A recent and prominent claim for the value of biodiversity is its importance for sustaining multiple ecosystem functions. The general idea is intuitively appealing: since all species are to some extent unique, each will be important for a different set of functions. Therefore, as more functions are considered, a greater diversity of species is necessary to sustain all functions simultaneously. However, we show here that the relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning does not change with the number of functions considered...
June 22, 2017: Nature ecology & evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812542/the-effect-of-molecular-weight-and-concentration-of-hyaluronan-on-the-recovery-of-the-rat-sciatic-nerve-sustaining-acute-traumatic-injury
#19
Sheng-Min Lan, Cheng-Chang Yang, Chia-Lung Lee, Jung-Shun Lee, I-Ming Jou
Acute traumatic peripheral nerve injury remains a significant clinical issue affecting mostly young individuals and their productivity in spite of advances in current medicine. Hyaluronan has been explored in this scenario for its anti-adhesive and high biocompatibility properties for decades. The molecular weight and concentration of the locally applied hyaluronan has been overlooked and not optimized. We used different molecular weights and concentrations of hyaluronan in a rat sciatic nerve crush injury model and found better overall outcomes with high molecular weight (3000 kDa) hyaluronan...
August 16, 2017: Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812449/balancing-performance-based-expectations-with-a-holistic-perspective-on-coaching-a-qualitative-study-of-swedish-women-s-national-football-team-coaches-practice-experiences
#20
Eva-Carin Lindgren, Natalie Barker-Ruchti
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore how an exclusive sample of women's national football team coaches described how they implement careful coaching while facing social and organizational pressure to win medals. METHOD: To consider coaches' negotiations, we drew on Noddings' concept of caring. Using an interpretive research paradigm, we conducted in-depth interviews with five Swedish women's national football team coaches. An abductive approach was used to simultaneously process the theoretical framework of "ethics of care" and the empirical data...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
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