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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636289/loss-of-idealism-or-realistic-optimism-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-dental-hygiene-students-and-registered-dental-hygienists-professional-identity-perceptions
#1
J M Champine, M R Inglehart, D Furgeson, J F Halaris, M Fitzgerald, T E Danciu, J S Kinney
OBJECTIVES: The dental hygiene profession in the U.S. is in the process of establishing a direct access model of care and contributing to the creation of the profession of a dental therapist. The objectives were to analyse the professional role perceptions of dental hygiene students and registered dental hygienists in these times of change. Specifically, it was explored whether dental hygiene students' current professional identities differ (i) from their expected future identities, and (ii) from dental hygienists' current and (iii) past identities...
June 21, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636235/stem-cell-based-tooth-and-periodontal-regeneration
#2
Lei Hu, Yi Liu, Songlin Wang
Currently regeneration of tooth and periodontal damage still remains great challenge. Stem cell-based tissue engineering raised novel therapeutic strategies for tooth and periodontal repair. Stem cells for tooth and periodontal regeneration include dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs), periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs), stem cells from the dental apical papilla (SCAPs), and stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHEDs), dental follicle stem cells (DFSCs), dental epithelial stem cells (DESCs), bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMMSCs), adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs), embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs)...
June 21, 2017: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636151/method-of-teaching-undergraduate-students-to-perform-root-canal-treatment-it-s-influence-on-the-quality-of-root-fillings
#3
A Baaij, A R Özok
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to assess whether the method of teaching endodontology influenced the quality of root fillings made by undergraduate students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The method of teaching endodontology at our institution was revised. Changes concerned: the programme (ie method of clinical training and summative assessment), and the supervision whilst performing root canal treatment on patients. An intermediate cohort (N=91) comprised partly students attending the former programme (involving patients) and partly students attending the revised programme (without patients)...
June 21, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636131/state-trait-and-dental-anxiety-in-caregivers-of-individuals-with-disabilities
#4
Roberto Carlos Mourão Pinho, André Cavalcante da Silva Barbosa, Arnaldo de França Caldas-Júnior, Márcia Maria Vendiciano Barbosa Vasconcelos, Renata Cimões, Maria Teresa Botti Rodrigues Dos Santos
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare state anxiety, trait anxiety, and dental anxiety in caregivers of patients with special needs and caregivers of pediatric patients without special needs at dental clinics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A quantitative, cross-sectional study was conducted. Data were collected using a semistructured questionnaire. All respondents were older than 18 years of age. Individuals with cognitive impairment and those taking anxiolytics, antidepressants, or sleep-inducing medication were excluded from the study...
June 21, 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636116/curriculum-content-and-assessment-of-pre-clinical-dental-skills-a-survey-of-undergraduate-dental-education-in-europe
#5
J Field, S Stone, C Orsini, A Hussain, S Vital, A Crothers, D Walmsley
INTRODUCTION: Since 1981, the qualifications for various healthcare professionals across the European Union have enjoyed mutual recognition in accordance with the EU Directive 81/1057/EEC. Whilst the directive includes dental practitioners, it is recognised that significant variation exists in curriculum structure, content and scope of practice across institutions. This article aimed to explore pan-European practice in relation to curriculum content, teaching and learning strategies and assessment of pre-clinical dental skills...
June 21, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635867/-the-investigations-into-the-amino-acid-composition-of-the-tooth-for-the-purpose-of-forensic-medical-personality-identification
#6
Yu I Pigolkin, G V Zolotenkova, P S Velenko, B N Izotov
The increasingly greater requirements for the new approaches to the forensic medical personality identification necessitate the extensive search for and the development of the precise methods enabling the experts to determine the general personality signs in the cases of mass mortality and the large number of victims with the conspicuous post-mortem changes in their appearance including those associated with putrefaction and strong fragmentation of the bodies. This article presents the analytical review demonstrating that determination of the victims' age in the combination with the analysis of the amino acid composition of dental tissues provides a promising tool for the investigations not only in the fields of archeology and anthropology but also for the purpose of personality identification in forensic medicine...
2017: Sudebno-meditsinskaia Ekspertiza
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635381/provoked-eagle-syndrome-after-dental-procedure-a-review-of-the-literature
#7
Shuo Li, Neeraj Blatt, Jubin Jacob, Nishant Gupta, Yogesh Kumar, Scott Smith
Eagle syndrome is an uncommon condition caused by an elongated ossified styloid process. The majority of individuals with an elongated ossified styloid process are asymptomatic. Therefore, this condition is diagnosed based on clinical presentation, with radiologic imaging serving to confirm the diagnosis. The styloid process is considered elongated if measuring greater than 3 cm, but there is little correlation between length of the styloid process and severity of symptoms. This syndrome was originally described in post-tonsillectomy patients, but has since been seen in other clinical settings...
January 1, 2017: Neuroradiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635358/disability-and-the-impact-of-need-for-periodontal-care-on-quality-of-life-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Maha El Tantawi, Adel AlAgl
Objective The need for periodontal care may negatively impact daily life. We compared the need for periodontal care and its impact on daily life between disabled and healthy adults in the Eastern Province, Saudi Arabia. Methods In this cross-sectional study of 819 adults, a questionnaire was used to assess personal background factors; the impact of periodontitis on pain, avoiding foods, embarrassment, sleeplessness, work absence, and discontinuing daily activities; and risk factors (smoking, diabetes, toothbrushing, insurance, professional tooth cleaning, and dental visits)...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634678/the-iliac-crest-in-forensic-age-estimation-evaluation-of-three-methods-in-pelvis-x-rays
#9
Viola Bartolini, Vilma Pinchi, Barbara Gualco, Stefano Vanin, Giusto Chiaracane, Giovanni D'Elia, Gian-Aristide Norelli, Martina Focardi
Age assessment in children and young adults is a relevant forensic issue. It is requested not only in evaluating criminal responsibility in youths without proper identification documents, often in relation to age thresholds, but also for release of a residency permit, and asylum seekers of minors. The analysis of the Risser sign and the iliac crest ossification process has been proposed as a useful tool for forensic age estimation. We evaluated the applicability of three different age estimation methods on a sample of 497 pelvic radiographs of Italian individuals between 10 and 25 years of age...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634635/erratum-to-long-term-success-of-dental-implant-supported-dentures-in-postirradiated-patients-treated-for-neoplasms-of-the-maxillofacial-skeleton-a-retrospective-study
#10
Yiqun Wu, Wei Huang, Zhiyong Zhang, Zhiyuan Zhang, Duohong Zou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 21, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634600/oral-mucous-membrane-pemphigoid-associated-with-hypothyroidism-a-retrospective-study-and-a-case-report
#11
Ann Siassipour, Joseph Katz
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the relationship between mucous membrane pemphigoid and a state of hypothyroidism. The study included analysis of the dental charts of 40 subjects with clinically and histologically confirmed diagnosis of mucous membrane pemphigoid and 35 age- and gender-matched subjects, from the same clinic, with no diagnosis of vesiculo-ulcerative lesions. RESULTS: Thirteen subjects from the pemphigoid group (32%) had a hypothyroid condition, compared to four subjects (11%) from the control group (P = ...
2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634557/dental-management-of-a-child-with-incidentally-detected-hemophilia-report-of-a-clinical-case
#12
Ricardo Martínez-Rider, Arturo Garrocho-Rangel, Raúl Márquez-Preciado, María Victoria Bolaños-Carmona, Socorro Islas-Ruiz, Amaury Pozos-Guillén
Children with hemophilia (A or B) are at risk for bleeding episodes, which rank from mild mucosal/soft tissues bleeding to life-threatening hemorrhages. This report describes the dental/medical management provided to an 8.10-year-old patient suffering from uncontrolled bleeding after a surgical procedure to expose both permanent upper central incisors, in which hemophilia was a pure incidental finding. Additionally, diverse precautions to be considered during the dental clinical treatment of hemophilic children are discussed...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634492/effectiveness-of-different-preventive-programs-in-cariogram-parameters-of-young-adults-at-high-caries-risk
#13
Said Karabekiroğlu, Nimet Ünlü
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of different preventive programs in young adults at high caries risk using Cariogram software. METHODS: Sixty-six young adults with high caries risk were evaluated. Dental caries risk for all subjects was determined according to WHO criteria. Subjects were divided into three different preventive groups (control: OH, fluoride varnish: FV, and chlorhexidine varnish: CV). They were followed for 12 weeks (baseline: T0, 1 week: T1, 4 weeks: T2, and 12 weeks: T3)...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633987/a-paradigm-shift-for-bone-quality-in-dentistry-a-literature-review
#14
REVIEW
Shinichiro Kuroshima, Masaru Kaku, Takuya Ishimoto, Muneteru Sasaki, Takayoshi Nakano, Takashi Sawase
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to present the current concept of bone quality based on the proposal by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and some of the cellular and molecular factors that affect bone quality. STUDY SELECTION: This is a literature review which focuses on collagen, biological apatite (BAp), and bone cells such as osteoblasts and osteocytes. RESULTS: In dentistry, the term "bone quality" has long been considered to be synonymous with bone mineral density (BMD) based on radiographic and sensible evaluations...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633647/meeting-the-oral-health-needs-of-12-year-olds-in-china-human-resources-for-oral-health
#15
Xiangyu Sun, Eduardo Bernabé, Xuenan Liu, Shuguo Zheng, Jennifer E Gallagher
BACKGROUND: An appropriate level of human resources for oral health [HROH] is required to meet the oral health needs of population, and enable maximum improvement in health outcomes. The aim of this study was to estimate the required HROH to meet the oral health needs of the World Health Organization [WHO] reference group of 12-year-olds in China and consider the implications for education, practice, policy and HROH nationally. METHODS: We estimated the need of HROH to meet the needs of 12-year-olds based on secondary analysis of the epidemiological and questionnaire data from the 3rd Chinese National Oral Health Survey, including caries experience and periodontal factors (calculus), dentally-related behaviour (frequency of toothbrushing and sugar intake), and social factors (parental education)...
June 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633135/children-with-a-higher-activity-of-carbonic-anhydrase-vi-in-saliva-are-more-likely-to-develop-dental-caries
#16
Daniele de Cassia Rodrigues Picco, Lenita Marangoni Lopes, Marcelo Rocha Marques, Sergio Roberto Peres Line, Thaís Manzano Parisotto, Marinês Nobre Dos Santos
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to analyze the concentration and activity of carbonic anhydrase (CA) VI in the saliva of school children. We investigated the relationship among caries, CA VI concentration/activity, flow rate, pH, and buffering capacity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-four school children were divided into a caries-free group and a caries group. Clinical examinations were conducted by one examiner according to World Health Organization criteria + early caries lesions...
June 21, 2017: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633093/fracture-resistance-of-ceramic-and-polymer-based-occlusal-veneer-restorations
#17
Majed Al-Akhali, Mohamed Sad Chaar, Adham Elsayed, Abdulaziz Samran, Matthias Kern
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the influence of thermodynamic loading on the durability and fracture resistance behavior of occlusal veneers fabricated from different biomedical dental CAD/CAM materials. METHODS: The occlusal surfaces of 64 extracted premolars were prepared in the enamel layer and restored with occlusal veneers with a fissure/cusp thickness of 0.5/0.8mm made from four different dental CAD/CAM materials: group LD lithium disilicate (e...
June 13, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632910/withdrawn-hypnosis-for-children-undergoing-dental-treatment
#18
REVIEW
Sharifa Al-Harasi, Paul F Ashley, David R Moles, Susan Parekh, Val Walters
BACKGROUND: Managing children is a challenge that many dentists face. Many non-pharmacological techniques have been developed to manage anxiety and behavioural problems in children, such us: 'tell, show & do', positive reinforcement, modelling and hypnosis. The use of hypnosis is generally an overlooked area, hence the need for this review. OBJECTIVES: This systematic review attempted to answer the question: What is the effectiveness of hypnosis (with or without sedation) for behaviour management of children who are receiving dental care in order to allow successful completion of treatment?Null hypothesis: Hypnosis has no effect on the outcome of dental treatment of children...
June 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632257/modeling-of-crestal-bone-after-submerged-vs-transmucosal-implant-placement-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#19
Stefan Paul, Matthias Petsch, Ulrike Held
PURPOSE: To determine differences in marginal bone changes when using submerged or transmucosal dental implants through a systematic review of the literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library were electronically searched for trials comparing marginal bone loss between submerged and transmucosal dental implants with a minimum follow-up of 12 months published between January 1980 and January 2016. Manual searches of the bibliographies of the included studies were also carried out...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632256/scanning-electron-microscopy-analysis-of-the-adaptation-of-single-unit-screw-retained-computer-aided-design-computer-aided-manufacture-abutments-after-mechanical-cycling
#20
Roberto Adrian Markarian, Deborah Pedroso Galles, Fabiana Mantovani Gomes França
PURPOSE: To measure the microgap between dental implants and custom abutments fabricated using different computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacture (CAD/CAM) methods before and after mechanical cycling. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CAD software (Dental System, 3Shape) was used to design a custom abutment for a single-unit, screw-retained crown compatible with a 4.1-mm external hexagon dental implant. The resulting stereolithography file was sent for manufacturing using four CAD/CAM methods (n = 40): milling and sintering of zirconium dioxide (ZO group), cobalt-chromium (Co-Cr) sintered via selective laser melting (SLM group), fully sintered machined Co-Cr alloy (MM group), and machined and sintered agglutinated Co-Cr alloy powder (AM group)...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
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