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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549260/identification-of-oral-cavity-biofilm-forming-bacteria-and-determination-of-their-growth-inhibition-by-acacia-arabica-tamarix-aphylla-l-and-melia-azedarach-l-medicinal-plants
#1
Muhammad Khalid, Danial Hassani, Muhammad Bilal, Zahid Ali Butt, Muhammad Hamayun, Ayaz Ahmad, Danfeng Huang, Anwar Hussain
OBJECTIVE: Biofilms are complex, multi-species bacterial communities that colonize the oral cavity in the form of plaque and are known to cause dental caries and periodontal disease. Present study demonstrated the potential of three selected medicinal plants against isolated and identified dental biofilm forming strains. METHODS: Pathogenic bacteria from dental biofilms were isolated, cultured, identified by phylogenetic analysis using PCR-based 16S ribosomal RNA (or 16S rRNA) nucleotide sequences and were analyzed for their biofilm forming capability...
May 18, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548884/patient-centered-perspectives-and-understanding-of-peri-implantitis
#2
Angel Insua, Alberto Monje, Hom-Lay Wang, Marita Inglehart
BACKGROUND: Daily-basis patients have uncertain understanding about dental implant therapy and its complications. Therefore, an assessment of the level of knowledge, awareness and attitudes on peri-implantitis, evaluation of information provided by the dentist/specialist that performed the treatment and assessment of perceptions, level of satisfaction and impact in the quality of life of the patients were carried out. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients with implant therapy and currently undergoing peri-implant implant maintenance therapy were recruited...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548883/simultaneous-detection-of-oral-pathogens-in-subgingival-plaque-and-prostatic-fluid-of-men-with-periodontal-and-prostatic-diseases
#3
John Estemalik, Catherine Demko, Nabil F Bissada, Nishant Joshi, Donald Bodner, Eswar Shankar, Sanjay Gupta
BACKGROUND: Chronic prostatitis (CP) and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) are complex inflammatory conditions for which the etiological determinants are still poorly defined. Periodontitis is caused by subgingival colonizing bacteria in the oral cavity. The causal effect of periodontal disease on prostatic inflammation has not been established. The purpose of this study is to isolate oral pathogens from expressed prostatic secretions of patients with periodontal disease and chronic prostatitis or benign prostatic hyperplasia...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548618/openness-to-experience-predicts-intrinsic-value-shifts-after-deliberating-one-s-own-death
#4
Mike Prentice, Tim Kasser, Kennon M Sheldon
Individual differences that might moderate processes of value shifting during and after deliberating one's own death remain largely unexplored. Two studies measured participants' openness and relative intrinsic to extrinsic value orientation (RIEVO) before randomly assigning them to conditions in which they wrote about their own death or dental pain for 6 days, after which RIEVO was assessed again up to 12 days later. When participants confronted thoughts about their own death over a sustained period, high openness to experience helped them shift towards intrinsic values...
May 26, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547864/sociodemographic-determinants-of-spatial-disparities-in-early-childhood-caries-an-ecological-analysis-in-braunschweig-germany
#5
Frederic Meyer, André Karch, Kristin Maria Schlinkmann, Johannes Dreesman, Johannes Horn, Nicole Rübsamen, Henny Sudradjat, Rainer Schubert, Rafael Mikolajczyk
OBJECTIVES: To identify spatial disparities in dental caries experience (measured by dmft (decayed missing filled teeth) index) of children in the city of Braunschweig and to evaluate whether these disparities can be explained by sociodemographic characteristics. METHODS: We examined the dental health of children aged 3-6 years visiting a daycare centre (DCC) in the metropolitan area of Braunschweig between 2009 and 2014 by combining data on dental health from the annual visits of the local health service with aggregated data on sociodemographic factors for Braunschweig's city districts...
May 26, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547773/dental-and-periodontal-health-and-microbiological-and-salivary-conditions-in-patients-with-or-without-diabetes-undergoing-haemodialysis
#6
Gerhard Schmalz, Nora Schiffers, Sandra Schwabe, Radovan Vasko, Gerhard A Müller, Rainer Haak, Rainer F Mausberg, Dirk Ziebolz
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the dental and periodontal health, as well as the microbiological and salivary conditions, of patients with and without diabetes mellitus (DM) who are receiving haemodialysis. METHODS: One-hundred and fifty-nine haemodialysis patients were included and divided into groups according to the pre-existing diabetes status: DM or no DM. The oral examination included dental findings and assessment of the periodontal situation...
June 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547659/quiescent-adult-stem-cells-in-murine-teeth-are-regulated-by-shh-signaling
#7
Yuko Ishikawa, Mitsushiro Nakatomi, Hiroko Ida-Yonemochi, Hayato Ohshima
The mechanisms regulating the maintenance of quiescent adult stem cells in teeth remain to be fully elucidated. Our aim is to clarify the relationship between BrdU label-retaining cells (LRCs) and sonic hedgehog (Shh) signaling in murine teeth. After prenatal BrdU labeling, mouse pups were analyzed during postnatal day 1 (P1) to week 5 (P5W). Paraffin sections were processed for immunohistochemistry for BrdU, Sox2, Gli1, Shh, Patched1 (Ptch1) and Ki67 and for in situ hybridization for Shh and Ptch1. Dense LRCs, Gli1-(+) cells and Ptch1-(+) cells were co-localized in the outer enamel epithelium of the apical bud and apical dental papilla of incisors...
May 26, 2017: Cell and Tissue Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547134/clinical-radiographic-and-biochemical-characteristics-of-adult-hypophosphatasia
#8
T Schmidt, H Mussawy, T Rolvien, T Hawellek, J Hubert, W Rüther, M Amling, F Barvencik
In this study, we report on clinical, radiographic and biochemical characteristics of 38 patients with adult hypophosphatasia. High-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography showed alterations of bone microstructure in a subgroup of 14 patients. Pyridoxal-5-phosphate levels correlated with the occurrence of fractures and the number of symptoms. INTRODUCTION: Hypophosphatasia (HPP) is a rare disorder with a wide range of clinical manifestations. A reduced enzymatic activity of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) is the key marker of the disease, causing an accumulation of ALP substrates such as pyridoxal-5-phosphate (PLP)...
May 25, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546970/the-impact-of-mother-s-literacy-on-child-dental-caries-individual-data-or-aggregate-data-analysis
#9
Ali-Akbar Haghdoost, Hossein Hessari, Mohammad Reza Baneshi, Maryam Rad, Arash Shahravan
INTRODUCTION: To evaluate the impact of mother's literacy on child dental caries based on a national oral health survey in Iran and to investigate the possibility of ecological fallacy in aggregate data analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Existing data were from second national oral health survey that was carried out in 2004, which including 8725 6 years old participants. The association of mother's literacy with caries occurrence (DMF (Decayed, Missing, Filling) total score >0) of her child was assessed using individual data by logistic regression model...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546957/radiographic-evaluation-of-dental-age-maturity-in-3-17-years-old-saudi-children-as-an-indicator-of-chronological-age
#10
Ayman A Al-Dharrab, Fahad F Al-Sulaimani, Mohamed S Bamashmous, Hosam A Baeshen, Khalid H Zawawi
OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed to evaluate the dental age in Saudi children from panoramic radiographs using the Demirjian method to estimate their chronological age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective cross-sectional study consisted of 1902 panoramic radiographs of 955 boys and 947 girls between the ages of 3-17 years. All children were placed in the age group closest to their chronological age. The dental age was scored on all seven left mandibular teeth by calibrated examiners...
April 2017: Journal of Orthodontic Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546879/histological-evaluation-and-management-of-rare-case-of-supernumerary-ghost-teeth
#11
Dino Re, Elena Canciani, Corinne Poli, Laura Buccarella, Marilisa Toma, Andrea Carlo Butti, Claudia Dellavia
Supernumerary teeth are teeth that exceed the normal dental formula. Their prevalence in the permanent dentition is 1-14% and they occur more frequently in maxilla with a sex ratio of 2 : 1 in favor of males. They are often associated with syndromes but there are examples of nonsyndromic multiple supernumerary teeth reported in the literature. CBCT is usually the best exam for radiographic diagnosis and treatment planning, because it provides 3D information about location and morphology of supernumerary teeth...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546811/antimicrobial-activity-of-a-cationic-guanidine-compound-against-two-pathogenic-oral-bacteria
#12
E Escamilla-García, A G Alcázar-Pizaña, J C Segoviano-Ramírez, C Del Angel-Mosqueda, A P López-Lozano, E Cárdenas-Estrada, M A De La Garza-Ramos, C E Medina-De La Garza, M Márquez
This study evaluated the potential antimicrobial properties of a polyguanidine (CatDex) on two oral bacteria. Chlorhexidine gluconate 1340 μmoL L(-1) (CHX 0.12%) was used as control. Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) and Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis) were grown in BHI media. Bacterial sensitivity and antimicrobial activity were determined by the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and Kirby-Bauer methods. To study side effects, that is, toxicity, dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) were used. Fluorometric cytotoxicity and confocal microscopy assays were used in order to test cell viability...
2017: International Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546632/bonfire-of-the-verities
#13
P Batchelor
The emphasis on ensuring improved governance within the UK dental care system continues to rely on the identification of poorly performing individuals. Such an approach, while addressing certain political expediencies, fails to take into account both the wider system issues and the extensive literature on how to influence performance in a positive way. If sustainable improvements in the qualities of care are to occur, an acknowledgement of the system's shortcomings by the main parties must be made and where individual performance has fallen below that regarded as acceptable, the contribution of the delivery system in general needs to be noted...
May 26, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546629/a-dental-nurse-s-life-dental-nurses-should-be-renamed-as-diplomacy-experts
#14
Kate Quinlan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 26, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546627/exploring-the-potential-value-of-using-data-on-dental-extractions-under-general-anaesthesia-dga-to-monitor-the-impact-of-dental-decay-in-children
#15
A Mortimore, R Wilkinson, J H John
Aim To explore the value of DGA data as an indicator of the impact and inequalities associated with child dental decay (caries) in Southampton.Design Data from the local DGA provider in Southampton was used to investigate trends in child (17 years and under) DGAs between 2006/7 and 2014/15. Retrospective analysis of anonymised child-level 2013/14 and 2014/15 data from the same service was carried out to identify any inequalities with respect to deprivation, impact on school attendance and cost to the health economy...
May 26, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546619/the-dental-practicality-index-assessing-the-restorability-of-teeth
#16
A Dawood, S Patel
The Dental Practicality Index (DPI) has been designed to describe on a clinical level, the 'practicality' of dental restorative treatment. Applicable to everyday clinical practice, the DPI also aims to assist the clinician in deciding when to seek advice and/or refer a patient for secondary or tertiary dental care. It is hoped that this tool will aid in the systematic assessment of dental restorative problems, enhance communication between collaborating practitioners and help to manage patient expectations before carrying out restorative treatment(s)...
May 26, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546618/dental-practice-deep-satisfaction
#17
N Cole
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 26, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546609/just-one-thing-a-novel-patient-feedback-model
#18
I Gharib, S L Rolland, H Bateman, J S Ellis
In response to the Educational Standards of the UK's General Dental Council, Newcastle University, School of Dental Sciences introduced a patient feedback card to gather and incorporate patient feedback into their undergraduate assessment framework. The cards ask for patient response to two questions about their experience, and also ask patients to identify 'Just One Thing' (JOT) the student could do to improve this. JOT cards completed during a two week period were collected to evaluate and analyse the nature of patient responses within this model...
May 26, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546608/patient-safety-in-dentistry-development-of-a-candidate-never-event-list-for-primary-care
#19
I Black, P Bowie
Introduction The 'never event' concept is often used in secondary care and refers to an agreed list of patient safety incidents that 'should not happen if the necessary preventative measures are in place'. Such an intervention may raise awareness of patient safety issues and inform team learning and system improvements in primary care dentistry.Objective To identify and develop a candidate never event list for primary care dentistry.Methods A literature review, eight workshops with dental practitioners and a modified Delphi with 'expert' groups were used to identify and agree candidate never events...
May 26, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546596/is-the-support-that-dental-registrants-in-difficulty-receive-from-postgraduate-dental-teams-and-other-sources-adequate
#20
M Pearce, S J Agius, J Macfarlane, N Taylor
Objective The aim of this research was to investigate the views of dental registrants in difficulty (DRiDS) on the support they received from postgraduate dental teams (PgDT) in Health Education England (HEE) and other sources. These data were complemented by the views of those appointed from the PgDT to support them on the service they provide.Method Qualitative data were collected by recording one-to-one semi structured telephone interviews, lasting approximately 30 minutes, with registrants in difficulty and supporters purposefully sampled from across England and Wales...
May 26, 2017: British Dental Journal
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