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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926974/pregnant-patient-knowledge-and-behavior-regarding-perinatal-oral-health
#1
Bernard Gonik, Eline Wilson, Melanie Mayberry, Bushra Yuki Joarder
Objective Perinatal oral health is important to obstetric practice, with significant implications for maternal, fetal, and infant health. This study sought to describe and compare knowledge and behavior related to perinatal oral health in two distinct populations of pregnant women. Methods An anonymous 13-question survey was distributed at two patient centers (urban teaching clinics and suburban referral center), examining patient knowledge and behaviors pertaining to oral health. Descriptive statistics were tabulated...
December 7, 2016: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926747/peroxide-dental-bleaching-via-laser-microchannels-and-tooth-color-measurements
#2
Gregory Altshuler, Andrey Belikov, Alexei Skrypnik, Felix Feldchtein, Alexandra Pushkareva, Ksenia Shatilova, Igor Cernavin, Valery Tuchin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926431/the-oral-microbiome-in-health-and-its-implication-in-oral-and-systemic-diseases
#3
B Sampaio-Maia, I M Caldas, M L Pereira, D Pérez-Mongiovi, R Araujo
The oral microbiome can alter the balance between health and disease, locally and systemically. Within the oral cavity, bacteria, archaea, fungi, protozoa, and viruses may all be found, each having a particular role, but strongly interacting with each other and with the host, in sickness or in health. A description on how colonization occurs and how the oral microbiome dynamically evolves throughout the host's life is given. In this chapter the authors also address oral and nonoral conditions in which oral microorganisms may play a role in the etiology and progression, presenting the up-to-date knowledge on oral dysbiosis as well as the known underlying pathophysiologic mechanisms involving oral microorganisms in each condition...
2016: Advances in Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925870/hydrogen-sulfide-enhances-pancreatic-%C3%AE-cell-differentiation-from-human-tooth-under-normal-and-glucotoxic-conditions
#4
Ioan Valentin Matei, Hisataka Ii, Ken Yaegaki
AIM: Glucotoxicity obstructs pancreatic differentiation from adult stem cells. The aim was to develop a novel protocol for differentiation of dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) into pancreatic β cells and determine the effect of H2S on glucotoxicity. MATERIALS & METHODS: DPSCs were differentiated with media containing 5.5 or 25.0 mM glucose, exposed to 1 ng/ml H2S. Glucotoxicity, expression of β-cell markers, INS, PDX1 and GLUT2, and PI3K/AKT pathway were assessed...
December 7, 2016: Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925700/the-editor-recommends-this-issue-s-article-to-the-reader-child-maltreatment-prevalence-and-characteristics-of-mandatory-reports-from-dental-professionals-to-the-social-services
#5
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925368/reflections-on-the-encouragement-of-altruism-in-dental-education
#6
A C L Holden
Dental ethics and professionalism are often relegated to being taught on the coat-tails of other disciplines, if they are taught at all. The assumption that students develop professionalism as a by-product of other learned competencies in dentistry is well documented to be false, and yet, little has been done in many institutions to deal with this. This article seeks to propose that altruism should be championed in dental education and that traditional learning through the preaching of professional codes is not the appropriate way to achieve this...
December 7, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925127/-user-evaluation-on-dental-care-in-the-unified-health-system-an-approach-from-the-standpoint-of-humanization
#7
Suzely Adas Saliba Moimaz, Arinilson Moreira Chaves Lima, Cléa Adas Saliba Garbin, José Eduardo Corrente, Nemre Adas Saliba
The scope of this study was to assess user evaluation about dental care in the Unified Health System and analyze the associations between this evaluation, sociodemographic characteristics, and aspects related to humanization of the services. It involved a cross-sectional survey with a quantitative approach, in which 461 users responded to individual interviews. The outcome variable was obtained by means of the question: "How do you consider the care given by the dentist and by the team in this health unit?" Responses were grouped into "positive evaluation" and "negative evaluation...
December 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925126/factors-related-to-the-dental-caries-incidence-in-youth-a-cohort-study-in-brazilian-northeastern
#8
Ana Karine Macedo Teixeira, Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli, Luiz Roberto Augusto Noro
The conceptual model of the life course considers that health-disease is a dynamic process that is also affected by previous and current lifelong experiences. The aim of the study was to investigate the incidence of caries and its determinants in young people in Sobral-Ceará, Brazil. This was a cohort study of oral health started in 2000, with waves in 2006 and 2012. 482 young people aged 17-21 years were examined and interviewed. The incidence of caries between 2006 and 2012 was the outcome analyzed and the independent variables were socioeconomic conditions and use of oral health actions and services...
December 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924612/proteomic-analysis-of-dental-tissue-microsamples
#9
Jonathan E Mangum, Jew C Kon, Michael J Hubbard
Improved understanding of dental enamel development will benefit not only dentistry but also biomedicine more generally. Rat and mouse models of enamel development are relatively well characterized and experimentally powerful. However, the diminutive size of murine teeth makes them difficult to study using standard proteomics approaches. Here, we describe gel-based proteomic methods that enable parallel quantification, identification, and functional characterization of proteins from developing rat and mouse teeth...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924596/methods-to-study-antagonistic-activities-among-oral-bacteria
#10
Fengxia Qi, Jens Kreth
Most bacteria in nature exist in multispecies communities known as biofilms. In the natural habitat where resources (nutrient, space, etc.) are usually limited, individual species must compete or collaborate with other neighboring species in order to perpetuate in the multispecies community. The human oral cavity is colonized by >700 microbial species known as the indigenous microbiota. This indigenous flora normally maintains an ecological balance through antagonistic as well as mutualistic interspecies interactions...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924405/an-analysis-of-dental-intercanine-distance-for-use-in-court-cases-involving-bite-marks
#11
Suzana Reinprecht, Paul J van Staden, Joyce Jordaan, Herman Bernitz
High levels of crime in South Africa and the resulting court cases requiring bite mark evidence have necessitated continuous research into the prevalence and interrelationship of recognisable dental features present in bite marks. This study represents the largest data set of descriptive statistics related to intercanine distance, in which the means, standard deviations, medians and interquartile ranges across four racial groups were determined. Intercanine distances were also statistically weighted by determining the common, uncommon and very uncommon values for each of the racial groups...
December 6, 2016: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924166/dental-erosion-and-dentin-hypersensitivity-among-adult-asthmatics-and-non-asthmatics-hospital-based-a-preliminary-study
#12
Zahra Hassan Abdelaziz Farag, Elhadi Mohieldin Awooda
BACKGROUND: Asthma is a chronic inflammatory condition affecting the airways leading to spasm and swelling of the airways. The medications taken for the treatment of asthma can result in dental erosion and dentin hypersensitivity. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to investigate the severity of dental erosion amongst adult asthmatics according to: gender, type and duration of medication taken and to compare dental erosion and dentin hypersensitivity between asthmatics and non-asthmatics...
2016: Open Dentistry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923355/oral-health-related-quality-of-life-and-early-childhood-caries-among-preschool-children-in-trinidad
#13
Rahul Naidu, June Nunn, Erica Donnelly-Swift
BACKGROUND: Early childhood caries (ECC) is a public health problem in developed and developing countries. The purpose of this study was to describe the relationship between oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) and ECC among preschool children in a Caribbean population. METHOD: Parents/primary caregivers of children attending nine, randomly selected preschools in central Trinidad were invited to complete an oral health questionnaire and have their child undertake an oral examination...
December 7, 2016: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922776/part-1-diagnosis-of-oral-diseases-in-the-housebound-patient
#14
Diana Critchlow
Oral disease is common the housebound population ( Tomson et al, 2015 ). There can be a significant impact on the wellbeing of a housebound individuals ( Locker et al, 2000 ), who tend to be elderly, with poorer systemic health ( Qiu et al, 2010 ) and barriers to accessing care ( Freeman, 1999 ). Access to dental care can be limited (Fox, 2010) and prevention of oral disease is therefore paramount. Community nurses are in an excellent position to promote good oral care to the housebound patient and to support family in carers in preventing oral disease...
December 2, 2016: British Journal of Community Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922732/dental-caries-and-associated-factors-in-twins-with-down-syndrome-a-case-report
#15
Maurício José Santos Moreira, Carolina Schwertner, Ana Paula Dall'Onder, Natália Mincato Klaus, Clarissa Cavalcanti Fatturi Parolo, Lina Naomi Hashizume
Down syndrome (DS) is the most common genetic disorder in humans, but its incidence in monozygotic twins is extremely rare. The aim of this study was to determine the factors associated with dental caries in a pair of monozygotic twin girls with DS, where one had caries experience and the other did not. Clinical examination, salivary Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) levels and their genotypic diversity, the biochemical composition of the dental biofilm, the frequency of sucrose consumption, and toothbrushing habits were assessed from the twin girls...
December 6, 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922723/the-american-indian-and-alaska-native-dentist-workforce-in-the-united-states
#16
Elizabeth Mertz, Cynthia Wides, Paul Gates
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this article is to describe the American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) dentist workforce, the general practice patterns of these providers, and their contributions to oral health care for AI/AN and underserved patients. METHODS: A national sample survey of underrepresented minority dentists was conducted in 2012 and received a 34 percent response rate for self-reported AI/AN dentists. Data were weighted for selection and response bias to be nationally representative...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922642/threshold-values-for-the-perception-of-color-changes-in-human-teeth
#17
Daniel S Thoma, Alexis Ioannidis, Vincent Fehmer, Gioia Michelotti, Ronald E Jung, Irena Sailer
The aim of the present study was to assess the threshold values for color changes on the level of the tooth separately for laypeople, dentists, and dental technicians. Standardized presentations were made of five cases (maxilla, left to right lateral incisors) with the gingiva and teeth separated. The color parameters L (lightness), a, and b (chroma) (CIE L*a*b* parameters) of the tooth layers were adjusted to induce darker and lighter colors. In the presentations, the left part of the pictures (maxillary right central and lateral incisors) was unchanged, whereas the right part was modified...
November 2016: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922455/primary-stability-of-cylindrical-and-conical-dental-implants-in-relation-to-insertion-torque-a-comparative-ex-vivo-evaluation
#18
Henning Staedt, Victor Palarie, Arne Staedt, Jens M Wolf, Karl Martin Lehmann, Peter Ottl, Peer W Kämmerer
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this ex vivo study was to investigate the influence of different insertion torques on primary stability of a conical and a cylindrical implant system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-two dental implants (Astra Tech OsseoSpeed 5.0 S × 11 mm cylindrical [n = 16] and 5.0 × 11 mm conical [n = 16]) were inserted with 20, 30, 40, and 45 N·cm into fresh porcine bone of mixed trabecular-cortical quality. Before insertion, bone quality was assessed via cone beam tomography...
December 2, 2016: Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922188/oral-health-status-of-children-in-los-angeles-county-and-in-the-united-states-1999-2004
#19
Bruce A Dye, Clemencia M Vargas, Cheryl D Fryar, Francisco Ramos-Gomez, Robert Isman
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain and compare the oral health status and related sociodemographic risk indicators in children in Los Angeles (LA) County with children in the United States. METHODS: Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2004 were used to calculate prevalence estimates for children aged 2-13 years living in LA County and in the United States. Sociodemographic indicators were evaluated using multiple logistic regression modeling...
December 6, 2016: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921373/association-between-the-prevalence-of-dental-caries-in-children-and-factors-related-to-their-mothers
#20
B-M Shin, D-Y Park
OBJECTIVES: We assessed the association between the socio-economic, behavioural, psychological and oral health status factors of Korean mothers with the status of dental caries in their children using nationwide representative data from the Fourth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. METHODS: Children were categorized into child (CG, 6-11 years) and adolescent (AG, 12-18 years) groups. Responses from both the child and his/her mother were included in the analysis...
December 6, 2016: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
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