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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345047/effects-of-maternal-heart-sounds-on-pain-and-comfort-during-aspiration-in-preterm-infants
#1
Dilek Küçük Alemdar, Fatma Güdücü Tüfekcİ
AIM: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of providing prerecorded maternal heart sounds on the level of pain and comfort that are experienced by preterm infants during aspiration. METHODS: This was a randomized controlled trial. Preterm infants (N = 62) who were receiving care or treatment at a neonatal intensive care unit were eligible for participation in this study. Infants in the intervention group (n = 32) were provided with prerecorded maternal heart sounds before, during, and after aspiration, whereas the infants in the control group (n = 30) received routine care...
January 17, 2018: Japan Journal of Nursing Science: JJNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343025/-correlation-between-the-parameters-of-acoustic-cardiography-and-bnp-lvef-and-cardiac-function-grading-in-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure
#2
Q Xie, F W Zhang, M S Chen, Y X Zhang, L Q Ren, B Xing, D Y Li
Objective: To explore the correlation between the parameters of the new generation of Acoustic Cardiography and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and cardiac function grading in the diagnosis of heart failure. Methods: One hundred and sixty-eight inpatients, who were hospitalized in Department of Cardiology, Haikou People's Hospital from May 2016 to July 2017, were enrolled as heart failure group, including NYHA class Ⅰ(n=29), NYHA class Ⅱ(n=40), NYHA class Ⅲ(n=64), NYHA class Ⅳ (n=35)...
January 2, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336213/heart-versus-head-differential-bodily-feedback-causally-alters-economic-decision-making
#3
Philip A Powell, Kaisa Puustinen-Hopper, Martin de Jode, Panagiotis Mavros, Jennifer Roberts
Metaphorically, altruistic acts, such as monetary donations, are said to be driven by the heart, whereas sound financial investments are guided by reason, embodied by the head. In a unique experiment, we tested the effects of these bodily metaphors using biofeedback and an incentivized economic decision-making paradigm. Participants played a repeated investment game with a simulated partner, alternating between tactical investor and altruistic investee. When making decisions, participants received counterbalanced visual feedback from their own or a simulated partner's heart or head, as well as no feedback...
October 1, 2017: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330044/effects-of-acupuncture-on-the-heart-rate-variability-cortisol-levels-and-behavioural-response-induced-by-thunder-sound-in-beagles
#4
Carolina Elisabetta Martins Maccariello, Carla Caroline Franzini de Souza, Laura Morena, Daniel Penteado Martins Dias, Magda Alves de Medeiros
Sound stimuli such as fireworks, firearms, and claps of thunder have been used as a stress reactivity model for dogs. Acupuncture has been widely used to treat and prevent physiological and behavioural disorders induced by stress. Our study aims to evaluate the effects of acupuncture on cardiac autonomic modulation (heart rate variability - HRV), behavioural (reactivity) and endocrine (cortisol levels) responses in dogs exposed to sounds of thunder. Twenty-four laboratory beagles (12 males and 12 females, 1-6years old) with no history of phobia to thunder were subjected to a sound stimulus that consisted of a standardized recording of thunder over a 150s period with a maximum intensity of 103-104dB...
January 9, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324478/site-of-entry-and-surgical-timing-in-infective-endocarditis
#5
Francesco Bovenzi, Lucia Borelli, Lauro Cortigiani
: Infective endocarditis is the manifestation of the endocardial involvement during a systemic infectious process.The prognosis of this condition is still dismal, and the mortality associated with it remains high despite improvement in antimicrobial treatment. Antibiotic prophylaxis is still recommended only in high-risk cases, that is, procedures at high risk for inducing systemic bacteremia.It is important to provide an educational prophylaxis consisting of sound hygienic recommendations for the cleansing of the oral cavity, the skin, genital-urinary, and gastrointestinal systems...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321984/effects-of-bhramari-pranayama-on-health-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Maheshkumar Kuppusamy, Dilara Kamaldeen, Ravishankar Pitani, Julius Amaldas, Poonguzhali Shanmugam
Pranayama, a branch of yoga practice is extremely beneficial to mankind in maintaining sound physical and mental health and this article aims to attain an insight on the studies conducted on the effectiveness of Bhramari Pranayama (Bhr.P) on health. The studies done until May 2016 were found using Medline, Embase, Google scholar and manual search. Studies conducted on the health effectiveness of Bhr.P specifically were included on the basis of prisma guidelines. The data were defined by their objectives, methodology, study setting, findings, interventions done and implications suggested in the study...
January 2018: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311401/hepatic-cyst-compressing-the-right-atrial-and-ventricular-inflow-tract-an-uncommon-cardiac-complication
#7
Maulik Panchal, Ahmed Alansari, Marc Wallack, Ferdinand Visco, Susan Williams, Alexander M Sy
Commonly reported complications of hepatic cysts are spontaneous hemorrhage, rupture into the peritoneal cavity, infection and compression of the biliary tree however cardiac complications are not commonly reported. We are presenting a case of a large liver cyst presenting with right atrial and ventricular inflow tract impingement resulting in cardiac symptoms. A 68 year-old Hispanic female presented with one month of fatigue and shortness of breath after household work and walking less than one block, right upper quadrant pain and weight loss...
December 27, 2017: Annals of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305115/the-waterbirth-project-s%C3%A3-o-bernardo-hospital-experience
#8
Joyce C S Camargo, Vitor Varela, Fernanda M Ferreira, Lucila Pougy, Angela M Ochiai, Maria Elisabete Santos, Maria Catarina L R Grande
INTRODUCTION: The following quantitative observational study aimed to analyse the maternal and neonatal outcomes of 90 low-risk pregnant women who gave birth in water at São Bernardo Hospital. METHODS: A form containing information on the obstetric history of the parturient, the type of immersion, and the labour and birth follow-up was used by midwives to collect the data. BACKGROUND: The Apgar score (at 1min after birth) used in this study, called Aqua Apgar, was adapted by Cornelia Enning...
January 2, 2018: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302540/a-chart-review-of-morbidity-patterns-among-adult-patients-attending-primary-care-setting-in-urban-odisha-india-an-international-classification-of-primary-care-experience
#9
Subhashisa Swain, Sandipana Pati, Sanghamitra Pati
Introduction: Disease burden estimations based on sound epidemiological research provide the foundation for designing health services. Patients visiting a primary care often present with symptoms and signs. Understanding the burden is crucial for developing countries including India. The project aimed to record the reasons for encounter (RFE) at primary care settings for estimating the burden at the health-care facility. Methodology: This cross-sectional study was undertaken at four urban health dispensaries of Bhubaneswar, Odisha, with the aim to explore the prevailing patterns of diseases among patients attending these facilities...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297265/short-term-effects-of-binaural-beats-on-eeg-power-functional-connectivity-cognition-gait-and-anxiety-in-parkinson-s-disease
#10
Gerardo Gálvez, Manuel Recuero, Leonides Canuet, Francisco Del-Pozo
We applied rhythmic binaural sound to Parkinson's Disease (PD) patients to investigate its influence on several symptoms of this disease and on Electrophysiology (Electrocardiography and Electroencephalography (EEG)). We conducted a double-blind, randomized controlled study in which rhythmic binaural beats and control were administered over two randomized and counterbalanced sessions (within-subjects repeated-measures design). Patients ([Formula: see text], age [Formula: see text], stage I-III Hoehn & Yahr scale) participated in two sessions of sound stimulation for 10[Formula: see text]min separated by a minimum of 7 days...
November 13, 2017: International Journal of Neural Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276221/effects-of-postprandial-body-position-on-gastrointestinal-motility-the-autonomic-nervous-system-and-subjective-comfort
#11
Ayaka Okano, Shun Masuhara, Sonoka Ota, Chie Motegi, Noriko Takabayashi, Tetsuya Ogino
We examined postprandial body positions' effects on gastrointestinal motility, the autonomic nervous system and subjective comfort, i.e., whether lowering the head after a meal is beneficial for gastrointestinal motility and the prevention of pressure ulcer. We examined 10 healthy subjects and compared 3 body positions: (1) Seated upright. (2) Lying on a bed with the head at 60° and knees up by 20° (60° position). (3) Identical to (2) until post-meal; the head was then lowered to 30° (60°-30° position)...
December 2017: Acta Medica Okayama
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250219/use-of-acoustic-cardiography-immediately-following-electrical-cardioversion-to-predict-relapse-of-atrial-fibrillation
#12
Paul Erne, Therese J Resink, Andrea Mueller, Michael Coslovsky, Richard Kobza, David Conen, Peter Bauer, Patricia Arand
Predicting atrial fibrillation (AF) recurrence after successful electrical cardioversion (ECV) is difficult. The main aim of this study was to investigate whether acoustic cardiography (AUDICOR® 200) immediately post-ECV might provide indices for AF relapse following cardioversion. Acoustic cardiography parameters included Electromechanical Activation Time (EMAT), Left Ventricular Systolic Time (LVST), QRS duration, heart rate and third heart sound intensity (S3 Strength). We analysed data from 140 patients who underwent successful cardioversion and in whom AUDICOR results and echocardiographic measurements immediately after (baseline) ECV were available...
June 2017: Journal of Atrial Fibrillation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248325/spontaneous-pneumothorax-diagnosis-may-be-a-click-away
#13
S Cabasson, M Q Do, A Giraudon, T Mansir
We report the case of a 14-year-old boy presenting to our unit because of a spontaneous left pneumothorax. Over the 3 preceding weeks, he described a rhythmic precordial click and the sensation of bubbles floating inside his chest. This noise, audible to the patient and his family without a medical device, proved to be the Hamman sign, a rare although typical sound formerly related to pneumomediastinum that can be exceptionally encountered in isolated left pneumothorax. Its pathophysiology remains unclear...
December 13, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240546/the-psychosocial-themes-of-children-with-a-congenital-heart-defect
#14
Ronél van der Watt, Carina Pheiffer, Stephen Brown
Children living with a congenital heart defect (CHD) carry the burden of a condition affecting their biological, psychological, and social functioning. Even though the physical heartbeats of these children might be inaudible and defective, their intra- and inter-personal 'stories in sound' need to be heard and understood. The aim of this research study was to explore these 'stories in sound' in children diagnosed with CHD. A qualitative, exploratory, descriptive study using thematic analysis was conducted. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with six boys and three girls between the ages of eight and fourteen years, who were diagnosed with CHD...
November 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219909/a-thematic-analysis-of-self-described-authentic-leadership-behaviors-among-experienced-nurse-executives
#15
Catherine Alexander, Ruth Palan Lopez
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to understand the behaviors experienced nurse executives use to create healthy work environments (HWEs). The constructs of authentic leadership formed the conceptual framework for the study. BACKGROUND: The American Association of Critical-Care Nurses recommends authentic leadership as the preferred style of leadership for creating and sustaining HWEs. Behaviors associated with authentic leadership in nursing are not well understood...
January 2018: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210875/comparison-of-the-effects-of-benson-muscle-relaxation-and-nature-sounds-on-the-fatigue-in-patients-with-heart-failure-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#16
Leila Seifi, Tahereh Najafi Ghezeljeh, Hamid Haghani
This study was conducted with the aim of comparing the effects of Benson muscle relaxation and nature sounds on fatigue in patients with heart failure. Fatigue and exercise intolerance as prevalent symptoms experienced by patients with heart failure can cause the loss of independence in the activities of daily living. It can also damage self-care and increase dependence to others, which subsequently can reduce the quality of life. This randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted in an urban area of Iran in 2016...
January 2018: Holistic Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154707/objective-evaluation-of-the-systemic-effects-of-topical-application-of-1-atropine-sulfate-ophthalmic-solution-in-healthy-horses
#17
Rita F Wehrman, Anne J Gemensky-Metzler, Ashley E Zibura, Amelia B Nyhart, Heather L Chandler
OBJECTIVE To determine the safety of topical administration of 1% atropine ophthalmic solution in healthy horses by objectively measuring gastrointestinal transit time. DESIGN Randomized, masked, controlled crossover study. ANIMALS 6 adult geldings. PROCEDURES Horses were randomly assigned (3/group) to first receive topical treatment of the left eye with 1% atropine or artificial tears solution; the right eye was left untreated. After 24 hours of treatment every 6 hours, 200 nontoxic beads were administered to each horse via nasogastric intubation and treatment frequency was decreased to every 12 hours for 4 more days...
December 1, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154421/haemodynamic-monitoring-of-cardiac-status-using-heart-sounds-from-an-implanted-cardiac-device
#18
Pramodsingh H Thakur, Qi An, Lynne Swanson, Yi Zhang, Roy S Gardner
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the haemodynamic correlates of heart sound (HS) parameters such as third HS (S3), first HS (S1), and HS-based systolic time intervals (HSTIs) from an implantable cardiac device. METHODS AND RESULTS: Two unique animal models (10 swine with myocardial ischaemia and 11 canines with pulmonary oedema) were used to evaluate haemodynamic correlates of S1, S3, and HSTIs, namely, HS-based pre-ejection period (HSPEP), HS-based ejection time (HSET), and the ratio HSPEP/HSET during acute haemodynamic perturbations...
November 2017: ESC Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151003/lung-ultrasound-in-the-critically-ill-luci-a-translational-discipline
#19
Daniel A Lichtenstein, Manu L N G Malbrain
In the early days of ultrasound, it was not a translational discipline. The heart was claimed by cardiologists, with others, such as gynaecologists, urologists and vascular surgeons claiming their part while the rest was given to radiologists. Only recently, ultrasound transgressed and crossed the usual borders between the different disciplines, such as emergency and critical care medicine. The advent of portable machines in the early 1980s, allowed the critical care physician to perform bedside ultrasound, and the development of whole body critical care ultrasound (CCUS) was born...
November 18, 2017: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143446/realism-in-paediatric-emergency-simulations-a-prospective-comparison-of-in-situ-low-fidelity-and-centre-based-high-fidelity-scenarios
#20
Fenton O'Leary, Ioannis Pegiazoglou, Kathryn McGarvey, Ruza Novakov, Ingrid Wolfsberger, Jennifer Peat
OBJECTIVE: To measure scenario participant and faculty self-reported realism, engagement and learning for the low fidelity, in situ simulations and compare this to high fidelity, centre-based simulations. METHODS: A prospective survey of scenario participants and faculty completing in situ and centre-based paediatric simulations. RESULTS: There were 382 responses, 276 from scenario participants and 106 from faculty with 241 responses from in situ and 141 from centre-based simulations...
November 16, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
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