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Zebrafish reproduction

Ana Molina, Nieves Abril, Noelia Morales-Prieto, José Monterde, Nahúm Ayala, Antonio Lora, Rosario Moyano
Thousands of safety-related studies have been published on bisphenol A (BPA), an ubiquitous environmental pollutant with estrogenic activity and many other potential biological effects. In recent years, BPA exposure has been shown to cause anovulation and infertility through irreversible alteration of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis in several organisms, including fish and mammals. Recently, the European Chemical Agency classified BPA as a "substance of very high concern" because of its endocrine-disrupting properties, which have serious effects on human health...
March 14, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Stefan-Adrian Strungaru, Madalina Andreea Robea, Gabriel Plavan, Elena Todirascu-Ciornea, Alin Ciobica, Mircea Nicoara
Fishes are the first group of vertebrates that respond when the environment is contaminated with pollutants resulted from anthropogenic activities. The development of the toxicity tests is bringing new evidence about the toxicological effects of the pollutants upon the life forms. Behavioural abnormalities in the swimming performance and cognitive processes were well associated with the response of organisms to pollutants from environment. The aim of the paper was to study the behavioural changes of zebrafish (memory, swimming performances and aggression) and oxidative stress (superoxide dismutase and malondialdehyde) during 32 h of acute exposure with methylmercury (II) chloride to measure its neurotoxicity effects upon fish community...
May 2018: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
Juan Fernando Paredes, Jose Fernando Lopez-Olmeda, Jose A Muñoz-Cueto, F Sánchez-Vázquez
This research aimed at investigating the light synchronization and endogenous origin of daily expression rhythms of eight key genes involved in epigenetic mechanisms (DNA methylation and demethylation) in zebrafish gonads. To this end, 84 zebrafish were distributed into six tanks, each one containing 14 fish (7 males and 7 females). Animals were subjected to 12 h light:12 h dark cycles (LD, lights on at ZT0 h) and fed randomly three times a day during the light phase. Locomotor activity rhythms were recorded in each tank for 20 days to test their synchronization to light...
March 6, 2018: Chronobiology International
Shamaila Fraz, Abigail H Lee, Joanna Y Wilson
Gemfibrozil (GEM) and carbamazepine (CBZ) are two environmentally relevant pharmaceuticals and chronic exposure of fish to these compounds has decreased androgen levels and fish reproduction in laboratory studies. The main focus of this study was to examine the effects of GEM and CBZ on testicular steroid production, using zebrafish as a model species. Chronic water borne exposures of adult zebrafish to 10 μg/L of GEM and CBZ were conducted and the dosing was confirmed by chemical analysis of water as 17...
February 10, 2018: Aquatic Toxicology
Gloria R Garcia, Sean M Bugel, Lisa Truong, Sean Spagnoli, Robert L Tanguay
The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) is a conserved ligand-activated transcription factor required for proper vertebrate development and homeostasis. The inappropriate activation of AHR by ubiquitous pollutants can lead to adverse effects on wildlife and human health. The zebrafish is a powerful model system that provides a vertebrate data stream that anchors hypothesis at the genetic and cellular levels to observations at the morphological and behavioral level, in a high-throughput format. In order to investigate the endogenous functions of AHR, we generated an AHR2 (homolog of human AHR)-null zebrafish line (ahr2osu1) using the clustered, regulatory interspaced, short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)-Cas9 precision genome editing method...
2018: PloS One
Konrad Dabrowski, Mackenzie Miller
The current body of work on rearing larval/juvenile zebrafish is based on (1) utilization of freshwater and (2) diurnal light/dark cycle, (3) provision of live feed at modest density, and (4) culture in high visibility environment. We challenged these rearing approaches by maintaining zebrafish under constant light for 46-48 days (days postfertilization [dpf]), while securing continuous feeding in high turbidity and saline (1.8-2.1 parts per thousand) environment for the experiment's duration, allowing 24 h feeding/growth of fish from first exogenous feeding to maturation...
February 27, 2018: Zebrafish
Selma Hurem, Tânia Gomes, Dag A Brede, Ian Mayer, Viola H Lobert, Stephen Mutoloki, Kristine B Gutzkow, Hans-Christian Teien, Deborah Oughton, Peter Aleström, Jan L Lyche
The biological effects of gamma radiation may exert damage beyond that of the individual through its deleterious effects on reproductive function. Impaired reproductive performance can result in reduced population size over consecutive generations. In a continued effort to investigate reproductive and heritable effects of ionizing radiation, we recently demonstrated adverse effects and genomic instability in progeny of parents exposed to gamma radiation. In the present study, genotoxicity and effects on the reproduction following subchronic exposure during a gametogenesis cycle to 60 Co gamma radiation (27 days, 8...
February 13, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Daniane C Zago, Alessandro C Santos, Carlos F C Lanes, Daniela V Almeida, Gessi Koakoski, Murilo S de Abreu, Carla C Zeppenfeld, Berta M Heinzmann, Luis F Marins, Bernardo Baldisserotto, Leonardo J G Barcellos, Mauro A Cunha
Dietary supplements are commonly used by animals and humans and play key roles in diverse systems, such as the immune and reproductive systems, and in metabolism. Essential oils (EOs), which are natural substances, have potential for use in food supplementation; however, their effects on organisms remain to be elucidated. Here, we examine the effects of dietary Aloysia triphylla EO supplementation on zebrafish behavior, metabolism, stress response, and growth performance. We show that fish fed diets containing A...
February 8, 2018: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
Jiyun Lee, Na-Youn Park, Younglim Kho, Kyunghee Ji
The compound 4-hydroxyphenyl 4-isoprooxyphenylsulfone (BPSIP), a derivative of bisphenol S (BPS), has been detected in thermal paper and human urine samples; however, its potential effects on the endocrine system are largely unknown. The present study was conducted to determine the adverse effects of BPSIP on egg production, relative organ weights, plasma levels of sex hormones, and transcription of genes related to the hypothalamus-pituitary-gonad (HPG) axis in zebrafish (Danio rerio). In male fish, the gonadosomatic index was significantly decreased at concentrations of 5 and 50 μg/L BPSIP...
January 26, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
Jennifer L Matthews, Joy M Murphy, Carrie Carmichael, Huiping Yang, Terrence Tiersch, Monte Westerfield, Zoltan M Varga
Sperm cryopreservation is a highly efficient method for preserving genetic resources. It extends the reproductive period of males and significantly reduces costs normally associated with maintenance of live animal colonies. However, previous zebrafish (Danio rerio) cryopreservation methods have produced variable outcomes and low post-thaw fertilization rates. To improve post-thaw fertilization rates after cryopreservation, we developed a new extender and cryoprotective medium (CPM), introduced quality assessment (QA), determined the optimal cooling rate, and improved the post-thaw in vitro fertilization process...
January 25, 2018: Zebrafish
C J Lee, C R Tyler, G C Paull
This study examined the effects of simple changes in the tank environment on the wellbeing of laboratory-maintained zebrafish Danio rerio. Groups of D. rerio were either housed in stable environments (where they were maintained in the same tanks throughout the study) or in environments subject to change (where they were periodically moved to novel but identical tanks) and the effects of these treatments on morphometry, reproductive success and aggressive behaviour assessed. No effect of simple tank changes was found on body condition, reproductive output or aggression, for the periods of time studied, indicating that more complex scenarios in housing tank conditions are required for significant welfare benefits for captive D...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Fish Biology
Lianguo Chen, Weipeng Zhang, Jianghuan Hua, Chenyan Hu, Nelson Lok-Shun Lai, Pei-Yuan Qian, Paul K S Lam, James C W Lam, Bingsheng Zhou
To determine how environmental pollutants induce dysbiosis of the gut microbiota, we exposed adult zebrafish to model pollutants with varied modes of action (atrazine, estradiol, polychlorinated biphenyl [PCB]126, and PCB153) for 7 days. Subsequently, metagenomic sequencing of the intestines was performed to compare the gut microbiomes among the groups. We observed clear compound- and sex-specific responses to xenobiotic stress. Principal component analysis revealed involvement of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) and, to a lesser extent, the estrogen receptor (ER) in the dysregulation of the intestinal microbiota...
February 20, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
Mohammad Navid Forsatkar, Maryam HedayatiRad, Ana Carolina Luchiari
CONTEXT: There is growing interest in the pharmacological evaluation of Rue due to its potential to treat a variety of clinical diseases. The plant seems to present potent endocrine disrupting effects, and its excretion and disposal are not a concern. OBJECTIVE: The effects of Ruta graveolens L. (Rutaceae) ethanol extract (RE) on reproductive behaviour, fertility, and steroid and thyroid hormone levels in zebrafish were investigated. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We exposed subjects to varying concentrations of RE, and one-tenth the LC50 concentration (2...
December 2018: Pharmaceutical Biology
Selma Hurem, Leonardo Martín Martín, Leif Lindeman, Dag Anders Brede, Brit Salbu, Jan Ludvig Lyche, Peter Aleström, Jorke H Kamstra
Ionizing radiation causes a variety of effects, including DNA damage associated to cancers. However, the effects in progeny from irradiated parents is not well documented. Using zebrafish as a model, we previously found that parental exposure to ionizing radiation is associated with effects in offspring, such as increased hatching rates, deformities, increased DNA damage and reactive oxygen species. Here, we assessed short (one month) and long term effects (one year) on gene expression in embryonic offspring (5...
December 14, 2017: Environmental Pollution
Queenie Wing-Lei Wong, Ming-An Sun, Shuk-Wa Lau, Chirag Parsania, Shaolong Zhou, Silin Zhong, Wei Ge
Ovarian folliculogenesis is always of great interest in reproductive biology. However, the molecular mechanisms that control follicle development, particularly the early phase of follicle activation or recruitment, still remain poorly understood. In an attempt to decipher the gene networks and signaling pathways involved in such transition, we conducted a transcriptomic analysis (RNA-seq) on zebrafish primary growth (PG, stage I; inactive) and previtellogenic (PV, stage II; activated) follicles. A total of 118 unique microRNAs (miRNAs) (11 downregulated and 83 upregulated during PG/PV transition) and 56711 unique messenger RNAs (mRNAs) (1839 downregulated and 7243 upregulated during PG/PV transition) were identified...
January 1, 2018: Biology of Reproduction
Pingping Wang, Pu Xia, Jianghua Yang, Zhihao Wang, Ying Peng, Wei Shi, Daniel L Villeneuve, Hongxia Yu, Xiaowei Zhang
Omics approaches can monitor responses and alterations of biological pathways at genome-scale, which are useful to predict potential adverse effects by environmental toxicants. However, high throughput application of transcriptomics in chemical assessment is limited due to the high cost and lack of "standardized" toxicogenomic methods. Here, a reduced zebrafish transcriptome (RZT) approach was developed to represent the whole transcriptome and to profile bioactivity of chemical and environmental mixtures in zebrafish embryo...
January 16, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
Laia Ribas, Konstantinos Vanezis, Marco Antonio Imués, Francesc Piferrer
BACKGROUND: The role of epigenetic modifications such as DNA methylation during vertebrate sexual development is far from being clear. Using the zebrafish model, we tested the effects of one of the most common DNA methyltransferase (dnmt) inhibitor, 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (5-aza-dC), which is approved for the treatment of acute myeloid leukaemia and is under active investigation for the treatment of solid tumours. Several dose-response experiments were carried out during two periods, including not only the very first days of development (0-6 days post-fertilization, dpf), as done in previous studies, but also, and as a novelty, the period of gonadal development (10-30 dpf)...
December 8, 2017: Epigenetics & Chromatin
Ignacio Fernández, Paulo J Gavaia, Vincent Laizé, M Leonor Cancela
Environmental toxicology has been expanding as growing concerns on the impact of produced and released chemical compounds over the environment and human health are being demonstrated. Among the toxic effects observed in organisms exposed to pollutants, those affecting skeletal tissues (osteotoxicity) have been somehow overlooked in comparison to hepato-, immune-, neuro- and/or reproductive toxicities. Nevertheless, sub-lethal effects of toxicants on skeletal development and/or bone maintenance may result in impaired growth, reduced survival rate, increased disease susceptibility and diminished welfare...
January 2018: Aquatic Toxicology
Hui Xia, Chengrong Zhong, Xingxing Wu, Ji Chen, Binbin Tao, Xiaoqin Xia, Mijuan Shi, Zuoyan Zhu, Vance L Trudeau, Wei Hu
N6 -methyladenosine (m6 A), catalyzed by Mettl3 methyltransferase, is a highly conserved epigenetic modification in eukaryotic messenger RNA (mRNA). Previous studies have implicated m6 A modification in multiple biological processes, but the in vivo function of m6 A has been difficult to study, because mettl3 mutants are embryonic lethal in both mammals and plants. In this study, we have used transcription activator-like effector nucleases and generated viable zygotic mettl3 mutant, Z mettl3m/m , in zebrafish...
February 2018: Genetics
Jane E Morthorst, Birgit F Lund, Henrik Holbech, Poul Bjerregaard
Mild analgesics such as acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) and acetaminophen (APAP) exert their pain-relieving effect in humans by inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis. Prostaglandins play key roles in developmental and reproductive processes in vertebrates, and in recent years, it has been suggested that weak analgesics might also act as endocrine disrupters. In a set of experiments we investigated if ASA and APAP affect well-established endocrine endpoints in zebrafish (Danio rerio), which is a commonly used model organism in the investigation of endocrine disrupting chemicals...
January 2018: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology & Pharmacology: CBP
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