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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925944/interference-of-paraben-compounds-with-estrogen-metabolism-by-inhibition-of-17%C3%AE-hydroxysteroid-dehydrogenases
#1
Roger T Engeli, Simona R Rohrer, Anna Vuorinen, Sonja Herdlinger, Teresa Kaserer, Susanne Leugger, Daniela Schuster, Alex Odermatt
Parabens are effective preservatives widely used in cosmetic products and processed food, with high human exposure. Recent evidence suggests that parabens exert estrogenic effects. This work investigated the potential interference of parabens with the estrogen-activating enzyme 17β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (17β-HSD) 1 and the estrogen-inactivating 17β-HSD2. A ligand-based 17β-HSD2 pharmacophore model was applied to screen a cosmetic chemicals database, followed by in vitro testing of selected paraben compounds for inhibition of 17β-HSD1 and 17β-HSD2 activities...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917789/chemometric-optimization-of-the-extraction-and-derivatization-of-parabens-for-their-determination-in-water-samples-by-rotating-disk-sorptive-extraction-and-gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry
#2
Mercedes Becerra-Herrera, Valentina Miranda, Daniel Arismendi, Pablo Richter
A combination of rotating disk sorptive extraction (RDSE) using Oasis® HLB as the sorbent phase and gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS) has been performed for the determination of four of the most widely used parabens: methylparaben, ethylparaben, propylparaben and n-butylparaben. The extraction and derivatization of the analytes in water samples were optimized by using factorial (screening) and Doehlert designs, thus reducing the number of analyses with the concomitant reduction of time, reagents, waste, samples and cost...
January 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902174/distribution-of-non-persistent-endocrine-disruptors-in-two-different-regions-of-the-human-brain
#3
Thomas P van der Meer, Francisco Artacho-Cordón, Dick F Swaab, Dicky Struik, Konstantinos C Makris, Bruce H R Wolffenbuttel, Hanne Frederiksen, Jana V van Vliet-Ostaptchouk
Non-persistent endocrine disrupting chemicals (npEDCs) can affect multiple organs and systems in the body. Whether npEDCs can accumulate in the human brain is largely unknown. The major aim of this pilot study was to examine the presence of environmental phenols and parabens in two distinct brain regions: the hypothalamus and white-matter tissue. In addition, a potential association between these npEDCs concentrations and obesity was investigated. Post-mortem brain material was obtained from 24 individuals, made up of 12 obese and 12 normal-weight subjects (defined as body mass index (BMI) > 30 and BMI < 25 kg/m², respectively)...
September 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886595/personal-care-product-use-in-men-and-urinary-concentrations-of-select-phthalate-metabolites-and-parabens-results-from-the-environment-and-reproductive-health-earth-study
#4
Feiby L Nassan, Brent A Coull, Audrey J Gaskins, Michelle A Williams, Niels E Skakkebaek, Jennifer B Ford, Xiaoyun Ye, Antonia M Calafat, Joseph M Braun, Russ Hauser
BACKGROUND: Personal care products (PCPs) are exposure sources to phthalates and parabens; however, their contribution to men's exposure is understudied. OBJECTIVES: We examined the association between PCP use and urinary concentrations of phthalate metabolites and parabens in men. METHODS: In a prospective cohort, at multiple study visits, men self-reported their use of 14 PCPs and provided a urine sample (2004-2015, Boston, MA). We measured urinary concentrations of 9 phthalate metabolites and methylparaben, propylparaben, and butylparaben...
August 18, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877408/application-of-dispersive-liquid-liquid-microextraction-for-the-preconcentration-of-eight-parabens-in-real-samples-and-their-determination-by-hplc
#5
Xiong Shen, Jian Liang, Luxia Zheng, Qianzhou Lv, Hong Wang
A simple and sensitive method for the simultaneous determination of eight parabens in human plasma and urine samples was developed. The samples were preconcentrated using dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction based on the solidification of floating organic drops and determined by high-performance liquid chromatography with UV detection. The influence of variables affecting the extraction efficiency was investigated and optimized using Placket-Burman design and Box-Behnken design. The optimized values were: 58 μL of 1-decanol (as extraction solvent), 0...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877310/consumer-preferences-product-characteristics-and-potentially-allergenic-ingredients-in-best-selling-moisturizers
#6
Shuai Xu, Michael Kwa, Mary E Lohman, Rachel Evers-Meltzer, Jonathan I Silverberg
Importance: Because moisturizer use is critical for the prevention and treatment of numerous dermatological conditions, patients frequently request product recommendations from dermatologists. Objective: To determine the product performance characteristics and ingredients of best-selling moisturizers. Design and Setting: This cohort study involved publicly available data of the top 100 best-selling whole-body moisturizing products at 3 major online retailers (Amazon, Target, and Walmart)...
September 6, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854378/detection-of-bisphenol-a-cumylphenol-and-parabens-in-surface-waters-of-greater-poland-voivodeship
#7
Beata Czarczyńska-Goślińska, Agnieszka Zgoła-Grześkowiak, Magdalena Jeszka-Skowron, Robert Frankowski, Tomasz Grześkowiak
Amounts of bisphenol A (BPA), 4-cumylphenol (CP) and 5 parabens - methylparaben (MP), ethylparaben (EP), propylparaben (PP), butylparaben (BP) and benzylparaben (BzP) in Greater Poland Voivodeship's surface waters are reported. The water samples were collected from selected 15 locations in 2015-2016 at seven different time points: in March, June, August, and October 2015 and March, June, and September 2016. MP was found in every tested sample with typical concentration at several dozen nanograms per liter and the highest level almost 1600 ng L(-1) in a sample collected from the Warta River in October 2015...
August 27, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830670/ultrasound-gel-as-an-unrecognized-source-of-exposure-to-phthalates-and-phenols-among-pregnant-women-undergoing-routine-scan
#8
Carmen Messerlian, Vicente Mustieles, Blair J Wylie, Jennifer B Ford, Myra Keller, Xiaoyun Ye, Antonia M Calafat, Paige L Williams, Russ Hauser
BACKGROUND: Systemic absorption of phthalates and parabens has been demonstrated after dermal application of body lotion, and medical devices such as intravenous bags and tubing have been identified as a source of exposure to di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP). However, use of products during medical procedures such as aqueous gel applied during obstetrical ultrasound in pregnancy has not been investigated as a potential source of endocrine disrupting chemical (EDC) exposure. Human studies have associated EDCs with various adverse pregnancy outcomes...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825536/tlc-densitometric-and-rp-hplc-methods-for-simultaneous-determination-of-dexamethasone-and-chlorpheniramine-maleate-in-the-presence-of-methylparaben-and-propylparaben
#9
Nehal F Farid, Ibrahim A Naguib, Radwa S Moatamed, Mohamed R El Ghobashy
Validated simple, sensitive, and highly selective methods are applied for the quantitative determination of dexamethasone and chlorpheniramine maleate in the presence of their reported preservatives (methylparaben and propylparaben), whether in pure forms or in pharmaceutical formulation. TLC is the first method, in which dexamethasone, chlorpheniramine maleate, methylparaben, and propylparaben are separated on silica gel TLC F254 plates using hexane-acetone-ammonia (5.5 + 4.5 + 0.5, v/v/v) as the developing phase...
January 1, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799928/greywater-characterization-and-handling-practices-among-urban-households-in-ghana-the-case-of-three-communities-in-kumasi-metropolis
#10
Bismark Dwumfour-Asare, Philomina Adantey, Kwabena Biritwum Nyarko, Eugene Appiah-Effah
Greywater management in Ghana receives little or no attention although untreated greywater is associated with environmental and public health risks. This paper assesses greywater characteristics and handling practices among urban households in three selected communities in Kumasi, the second largest city of Ghana. The study involved in-depth surveys (interviews and observations) with 90 households, and collection of 18 greywater samples from nine greywater sources for laboratory analysis. Average greywater generation is 43...
August 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764904/photosensitized-methyl-paraben-induces-apoptosis-via-caspase-dependent-pathway-under-ambient-uvb-exposure-in-human-skin-cells
#11
Divya Dubey, Deepti Chopra, Jyoti Singh, Ajeet K Srivastav, Smita Kumari, Ankit Verma, Ratan Singh Ray
Methyl paraben (MP), is a widely used preservative in pharmaceutical, food and cosmetic products. Its molecular mechanism under ambient ultraviolet radiation is not well understood. We investigated photosensitizing mechanism of MP under ambient UVB (0.6 mW/cm(2)) intensity. MP showed dose dependent decrease in cell viability of human keratinocyte cell line (HaCaT) by MTT and NRU assays. Study showed 40% reduction in antimicrobial activity of UVB irradiated MP through E. coli culture. Photosensitized MP (25 μg/ml) significantly enhanced lipid peroxidation, intracellular ROS generation and disrupted mitochondrial membrane integrity...
July 29, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758506/exposure-to-modern-widespread-environmental-endocrine-disrupting-chemicals-and-their-effect-on-the-reproductive-potential-of-women-an-overview-of-current-epidemiological-evidence
#12
Anetta Karwacka, Dorota Zamkowska, Michał Radwan, Joanna Jurewicz
Growing evidence indicates that exposure to widespread, environmental contaminants called endocrine disruptors (EDCs) negatively affects animal and human reproductive health and has been linked to several diseases including infertility. This review aims to evaluate the impact of environmental exposure to endocrine disrupting chemicals [phthalates, parabens, triclosan, bisphenol A (BPA), organochlorine (PCBs) and perfluorinated (PFCs) compounds] on the reproductive potential among women, by reviewing most recently published literature...
July 31, 2017: Human Fertility: Journal of the British Fertility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753508/photocatalytic-ozonation-using-doped-tio2-catalysts-for-the-removal-of-parabens-in-water
#13
João F Gomes, Inês Leal, Katarzyna Bednarczyk, Marta Gmurek, Marek Stelmachowski, Magdalena Diak, M Emília Quinta-Ferreira, Raquel Costa, Rosa M Quinta-Ferreira, Rui C Martins
Conventional wastewater treatments are inefficient for the removal of parabens. The aim of this study was finding a suitable solution using ozone and UVA irradiation combined with TiO2 catalysts doped with different noble metals (Ag, Pt, Pd, Au). Photocatalytic ozonation required lower amounts of ozone for higher efficiency on the removal of parabens, chemical oxygen demand (COD) and total organic carbon (TOC). The best catalyst for the initial contaminants degradation was 0.5% Ag-TiO2 leading to total parabens removal using 46mgO3/L...
December 31, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738570/determination-of-selected-bisphenols-parabens-and-estrogens-in-human-plasma-using-lc-ms-ms
#14
Lucie Kolatorova Sosvorova, Tereza Chlupacova, Jana Vitku, Martin Vlk, Jiri Heracek, Luboslav Starka, David Saman, Marketa Simkova, Richard Hampl
In this study, a novel liquid chromatography - tandem mass spectrometry method for the simultaneous determination of bisphenols (BPA, BPS, BPF, BPAF), parabens (methyl-, ethyl-, propyl-, butyl-, benzyl-paraben) and estrogens (estrone, estradiol, estriol) in human plasma is presented. Since all analytes possess the phenolic group, dansyl chloride derivatization was applied in order to gain high sensitivity. The method was validated according to FDA guidelines, and all validation requirements were satisfactory...
November 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720224/development-of-a-1-0-mm-id-temperature-assisted-focusing-precolumn-for-use-with-2-1-mm-id-columns
#15
Stephen R Groskreutz, Anthony R Horner, Stephen G Weber
On-column solute focusing is a simple and powerful method to decrease the influence of precolumn band spreading and increase the allowable volume injected increasing sensitivity. It relies on creating conditions so that the retention factor, k', is transiently increased during the injection process. Both solvent composition and temperature control can be used to effect solute focusing. In the case of temperature, the release of the transiently delayed solute band requires increasing the temperature rapidly and with a minimum of radial thermal gradients...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719376/stability-of-spironolactone-oral-suspension-in-pcca-base-suspendit
#16
Richard Graves, Kelly V Phan, Levon A Bostanian, Tarun K Mandal, Yashoda V Pramar
Spironolactone (Aldactone) is a potassium-sparing diuretic used to treat hypertension and heart failure and may also be used to treat edema resulting from kidney disease, low potassium levels, or excess aldosterone. No commercial liquid dosage form of spironolactone exists. An extemporaneously compounded suspension from pure drug powder or commercial tablets would provide an alternative option to meet unique patient needs. The purpose of this study was to determine the physicochemical stability of spironolactone in the PCCA base SuspendIt...
July 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutical Compounding
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709372/occurrence-of-and-human-exposure-to-parabens-benzophenones-benzotriazoles-triclosan-and-triclocarban-in-outdoor-swimming-pool-water-in-changsha-china
#17
Jing Lu, Huiyue Mao, Haipu Li, Qiang Wang, Zhaoguang Yang
The entry of personal care products (PCPs) into the environment has, in turn, caused negative influences to human health. Public swimming pools are places that have attracted increasing concerns. In this article, 35 outdoor swimming pools in Changsha City (China) were examined in view of the occurrence of 22 target PCPs contaminants, which fall into four categories: preservatives, UV filters, anticorrosion agents, and antimicrobials. Out of them, 16 compounds were detected in the collected samples. The preservatives was the most dominant category, with methyl paraben being the top compound (a...
December 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709092/exposure-to-benzophenones-parabens-and-triclosan-among-pregnant-women-in-different-trimesters
#18
Hongzhi Zhao, Wenqian Huo, Jiufeng Li, Xinli Ma, Wei Xia, Zhengji Pang, Mingyi Xie, Shunqing Xu, Zongwei Cai
Humans are potentially exposed to many environmental pollutants, many of which may cause adverse health effects, especially to pregnant women and their fetuses. In this study, 11 environmental pollutants from three different chemical classes, including benzophenones, parabens and triclosan were measured in 627 urine samples collected from 209 pregnant women to evaluate exposure and trends as a function of pregnancy stage. Methylparaben (MeP), ethylparaben, propylparaben (PrP), butylparaben, 2,4-dihydroxybenzophenone (BP-1), 2-hydroxy-4-methoxybenzophenone (BP-3) and 4-hydroxybenzophenone were detected in >50% samples...
December 31, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705618/the-impact-of-guest-compounds-on-cyclodextrin-aggregation-behavior-a-series-of-structurally-related-parabens
#19
Jef Stappaerts, Thao Do Thi, Elena Dominguez-Vega, Govert W Somsen, Guy Van den Mooter, Patrick Augustijns
Several studies have demonstrated the presence of aggregates in aqueous cyclodextrin containing solutions. The presence of guest compounds has been shown to influence this cyclodextrin aggregation process. In an attempt to gain insight into the effect of the physicochemical properties of the guest compound on 2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin aggregation formation, a series of structurally related parabens was selected as model compounds. Using nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and phase solubility studies, these parabens, differing only in side chain length, were demonstrated to form inclusion complexes with 2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695774/regulatory-risk-assessments-is-there-a-need-to-reduce-uncertainty-and-enhance-robustness-update-on-propylparaben-in-relation-to-its-eu-regulatory-status
#20
D Snodin
Over 10 years ago, propylparaben (propyl- p-hydroxybenzoate; PP) was withdrawn as a permitted food preservative in the EU based entirely on findings reported in a single dietary study in juvenile rats claiming to show adverse effects on male reproductive parameters [Oishi S. Effects of propyl paraben on the male reproductive system. Food Chem Toxicol 2002; 40(12): 1807 -1813]. Subsequent data reviews have cast serious doubt on the validity of the Oishi results, mainly in relation to aberrant concurrent-control values, and in two further comprehensive studies using neonatal and juvenile rats there were no adverse effects in males at oral doses up to 1000 mg/kg/day...
January 1, 2017: Human & Experimental Toxicology
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