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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213018/pathogen-biofilm-formation-on-cantaloupe-surface-and-its-impact-on-the-antibacterial-effect-of-lauroyl-arginate-ethyl
#1
Yezhi Fu, Amanda J Deering, Arun K Bhunia, Yuan Yao
Pathogen biofilm at fruit surface may pose a particular risk to food safety. In this study, the biofilms of Listeria monocytogenes V7 and Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium ATCC 13311 on cantaloupe fruit surface were visualized, and the resistance of biofilms against lauroyl arginate ethyl (LAE, an antibacterial compound) was evaluated. Each bacterium was inoculated on isolated cantaloupe rind surfaces at 10(5)-10(6) CFU/cm(2) and after incubation for 2, 12, 24, and 48 h, the surfaces were imaged using cryo-scanning electron microscopy (Cryo-SEM)...
June 2017: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210244/assessment-of-the-antimicrobial-activity-of-olive-leaf-extract-against-foodborne-bacterial-pathogens
#2
Yanhong Liu, Lindsay C McKeever, Nasir S A Malik
Olive leaf extract (OLE) has been used traditionally as a herbal supplement since it contains polyphenolic compounds with beneficial properties ranging from increasing energy levels, lowering blood pressure, and supporting the cardiovascular and immune systems. In addition to the beneficial effects on human health, OLE also has antimicrobial properties. The aim of this work was to investigate the antimicrobial effect of OLE against major foodborne pathogens, including Listeria monocytogenes, Escherichia coli O157:H7, and Salmonella Enteritidis...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178381/comparison-of-the-antimicrobial-and-sanitizer-resistance-of-salmonella-isolates-from-chicken-slaughter-processes-in-korea
#3
So Youn Youn, Ok Mi Jeong, Byung Kook Choi, Suk Chan Jung, Min Su Kang
Salmonella is a foodborne pathogen worldwide. Outbreaks of Salmonella are commonly associated with consumption of contaminated foods such as poultry products. Therefore, the objective of this study was to determine the occurrence, biofilm formation, antibiotic resistance, and sanitizer resistance of Salmonella enterica isolated from chicken carcasses. A total of 318 samples were collected from 15 chicken slaughterhouses in 8 provinces of Korea. They were then examined for Salmonella contamination. S. enterica isolates were tested for their susceptibilities to 15 antimicrobials by broth microdilution method...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149169/anti-quorum-sensing-and-anti-biofilm-activity-of-amomum-tsaoko-amommum-tsao-ko-crevost-et-lemarie-on-foodborne-pathogens
#4
Md Ramim Tanver Rahman, Zaixiang Lou, Fuhao Yu, Peng Wang, Hongxin Wang
Cell-to-cell communication or quorum sensing (QS) leads to biofilm formation and causing other virulence factors which are extreme problems for food safety, biofilm related infectious diseases etc. This study evaluated the anti-QS activity of the Amomum tsaoko extract (0.5-4 mg/ml) by using Chromobacterium violaceum a biosensor strain and biofilm formation by crystal violate assay. Experimental results demonstrated that the overall yield of Amomum tsao-ko extract was 11.33 ± 0.3% (w/w). MIC for Staphylococcus aureus (Gram positive), Salmonella Typhimurium and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Gram negative) was 1, 2 and 2 mg/ml, respectively...
February 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148244/detailed-analysis-of-c-di-gmp-mediated-regulation-of-csgd-expression-in-salmonella-typhimurium
#5
Irfan Ahmad, Annika Cimdins, Timo Beske, Ute Römling
BACKGROUND: The secondary messenger cyclic di-GMP promotes biofilm formation by up regulating the expression of csgD, encoding the major regulator of rdar biofilm formation in Salmonella typhimurium. The GGDEF/EAL domain proteins regulate the c-di-GMP turnover. There are twenty- two GGDEF/EAL domain proteins in the genome of S. typhimurium. In this study, we dissect the role of individual GGDEF/EAL proteins for csgD expression and rdar biofilm development. RESULTS: Among twelve GGDEF domains, two proteins upregulate and among fifteen EAL domains, four proteins down regulate csgD expression...
February 2, 2017: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120710/the-role-of-universal-stress-proteins-in-bacterial-infections
#6
Andrew O Connor, Siobhán McClean
Universal stress proteins are ubiquitously expressed in bacteria, archaea and plants and other eukaryotes. A general property of USPs is their role in adaptation of bacteria to oxidative stress, high temperature, low pH and/or hypoxia. There is increasing evidence that these proteins facilitate the adaption of bacterial pathogens to the human host environment, thereby facilitating colonisation and pathogenicity. USPs in Mycobacterium tuberculosis are well studied and may play a role in latency of tuberculosis...
January 24, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081368/smart-metal-organic-framework-coatings-triggered-antibiofilm-compound-release
#7
Birgit Claes, Tom Boudewijns, Laurens Muchez, Geert Hooyberghs, Erik V Van der Eycken, Jozef Vanderleyden, Hans P Steenackers, Dirk E De Vos
Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have a large potential for delivery of active molecules. Here, a MOF coating is investigated as a smart host matrix for triggered release of antibiofilm compounds. In addition to a coating consisting of the regular Fe-terephthalate MIL-88B(Fe), a new hydrophobic MIL-88B(Fe) coating is synthesized in hydrothermal conditions using palmitic acid as a lattice terminating group. These porous materials are used as a host matrix for the antibiofilm compound 5-(4-chlorophenyl)-N-(2-isobutyl)-2-aminoimidazole, which has a specific biofilm-inhibiting effect at concentrations at which no activity against planktonic cells is detected...
January 24, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062292/use-of-carvacrol-thymol-and-eugenol-for-biofilm-eradication-and-resistance-modifying-susceptibility-of-salmonella-enterica-serovar-typhimurium-strains-to-nalidixic-acid
#8
Hanene Miladi, Tarek Zmantar, Bochra Kouidhi, Yassine Chaabouni, Kacem Mahdouani, Amina Bakhrouf, Kamel Chaieb
The Aims of the study was to evaluate the antibacterial susceptibility and the biofilm eradication of three natural compounds carvacrol (CAR), thymol (TH) and eugenol (EUG), alone or in combination with nalidixic acid (NA) against twelve Salmonella Typhimurium strains. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and the minimum biofilm eradication concentration (BEC50) of the tested compounds (CAR, TH and EUG) and their combinations with NA were evaluated. In order to assess whether these bacteria had active efflux pumps, ethidium bromide (EtBr) accumulation assays was achieved using spectrophotometric accumulation assays...
January 3, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062286/qseb-mediates-biofilm-formation-and-invasion-in-salmonella-enterica-serovar-typhi
#9
Ying Ji, Wenliang Li, Ying Zhang, Long Chen, Yiquan Zhang, Xueming Zheng, Xinxiang Huang, Bin Ni
QseB is a response regulator of the QseBC two-component system (TCS) which is associated with quorum sensing and functions as a global regulator of flagella, biofilm formation, and virulence. The function of QseB and its interaction with QseC has been the subject of study in some organisms, however, little work was done in Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi (S. Typhi). The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of QseB on biofilm formation and virulence in S. Typhi. It showed that the biofilm formation ability of qseC mutant was limited as compared to the wild type strain...
January 3, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995873/the-crispr-cas-system-presents-multiple-transcriptional-units-including-antisense-rnas-that-are-expressed-in-minimal-medium-and-up-regulated-by-ph-in-salmonella-enterica-serovar-typhi
#10
Liliana Medina-Aparicio, Javier Esteban Rebollar-Flores, América Abigail Beltrán-Luviano, Alejandra Vázquez Ramos, Rosa María Gutíerrez-Ríos, Leticia Olvera, Edmundo Calva, Ismael Hernández Lucas
The CRISPR-Cas system is involved in bacterial immunity, virulence, gene regulation, biofilm formation and sporulation. In Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi this system consists of five transcriptional units including antisense RNAs. It was determined that these genetic elements are expressed in minimal medium and are up-regulated by pH. In addition, a transcriptional characterization of cas3 and ascse2-1 is included herein.
December 20, 2016: Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992644/a-genome-scale-modeling-approach-to-quantify-biofilm-component-growth-of-salmonella-typhimurium
#11
Nicholas Ribaudo, Xianhua Li, Brett Davis, Thomas K Wood, Zuyi Jacky Huang
Salmonella typhimurium (S. typhimurium) is an extremely dangerous foodborne bacterium that infects both animal and human subjects, causing fatal diseases around the world. Salmonella's robust virulence, antibiotic-resistant nature, and capacity to survive under harsh conditions are largely due to its ability to form resilient biofilms. Multiple genome-scale metabolic models have been developed to study the complex and diverse nature of this organism's metabolism; however, none of these models fully integrated the reactions and mechanisms required to study the influence of biofilm formation...
January 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910884/the-hha-tomb-toxin-antitoxin-system-shows-conditional-toxicity-and-promotes-persister-cell-formation-by-inhibiting-apoptosis-like-death-in-s-typhimurium
#12
Sangeeta Jaiswal, Prajita Paul, Chandrashekhar Padhi, Shilpa Ray, Daniel Ryan, Shantoshini Dash, Mrutyunjay Suar
Toxin-antitoxin (TA) modules are two component "addictive" genetic elements found on either plasmid or bacterial chromosome, sometimes on both. TA systems perform a wide range of functions like biofilm formation, persistence, programmed cell death, phage abortive infection etc. Salmonella has been reported to contain several such TA systems. However, the hemolysin expression modulating protein (Hha) and its adjacent uncharacterized hypothetical protein TomB (previously known as YbaJ), have not been listed as a TA module in Salmonella...
December 2, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878485/biofilms-in-bioremediation-and-wastewater-treatment-characterization-of-bacterial-community-structure-and-diversity-during-seasons-in-municipal-wastewater-treatment-process
#13
Yousra Turki, Ines Mehri, Rim Lajnef, Asma Ben Rejab, Amel Khessairi, Hanene Cherif, Hadda Ouzari, Abdennaceur Hassen
The bacterial community structure and diversity were assessed at the scale of rotating biodisk procedure (RB) in a semi-industrial pilot plant. As well, the Salmonella community was particularly monitored, and the effects of ultraviolet (UV-C254) on the bacterial community were studied. The identification of dominant bacteria revealed the presence of beneficial and useful species that could play an important role in the process of wastewater purification. Several species as Enterobacter agglomerans, Cronobacter sakazakii, and Pantoea agglomerans known for their bioremediation activities were revealed in the majority of biofilm samples...
November 22, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878401/enterocin-b3a-b3b-produced-by-lab-collected-from-infant-faeces-potential-utilization-in-the-food-industry-for-listeria-monocytogenes-biofilm-management
#14
Alaa Al-Seraih, Yanath Belguesmia, John Baah, Sabine Szunerits, Rabah Boukherroub, Djamel Drider
Enterococcus faecalis B3A-B3B produces the bacteriocin B3A-B3B with activity against Listeria monocytogenes, Staphylococcus aureus, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and Clostridium perfringens, but apparently not against fungi or Gram-negative bacteria, except for Salmonella Newport. B3A-B3B enterocin has two different nucleotides but similar amino acid composition to the class IIb MR10A-MR10B enterocin. B3A-B3B consists of two peptides of predicted molecular mass of 5176.31 Da (B3A) and 5182...
November 22, 2016: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864173/salad-leaf-juices-enhance-salmonella-growth-colonization-of-fresh-produce-and-virulence
#15
Giannis Koukkidis, Richard Haigh, Natalie Allcock, Suzanne Jordan, Primrose Freestone
: We show in this report that traces of juices released from salad leaves as they become damaged can significantly enhance colonization of salad leaves by Salmonella enterica Salad juices in water increased Salmonella growth by 110% over the level seen with the unsupplemented control and in host-like serum-based media by more than 2,400-fold over control levels. In serum-based media, salad juices induced growth of Salmonella via provision of Fe from transferrin, and siderophore production was found to be integral to the growth induction process...
January 1, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853317/high-mannose-specific-lectin-msl-mediates-key-interactions-of-the-vaginal-lactobacillus-plantarum-isolate-cmpg5300
#16
Shweta Malik, Mariya I Petrova, Nicole C E Imholz, Tine L A Verhoeven, Sam Noppen, Els J M Van Damme, Sandra Liekens, Jan Balzarini, Dominique Schols, Jos Vanderleyden, Sarah Lebeer
To characterize the interaction potential of the human vaginal isolate Lactobacillus plantarum CMPG5300, its genome was mined for genes encoding lectin-like proteins. cmpg5300.05_29 was identified as the gene encoding a putative mannose-binding lectin. Phenotypic analysis of a gene knock-out mutant of cmpg5300.05_29 showed that expression of this gene is important for auto-aggregation, adhesion to the vaginal epithelial cells, biofilm formation and binding to mannosylated glycans. Purification of the predicted lectin domain of Cmpg5300...
November 17, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836761/effect-of-holarrhena-antidysentrica-ha-and-andrographis-paniculata-ap-on-the-biofilm-formation-and-cell-membrane-integrity-of-opportunistic-pathogen-salmonella-typhimurium
#17
Ankit Tanwar, Raman Chawla, Ankita Singh Chakotiya, Pallavi Thakur, Rajeev Goel, Mitra Basu, Rajesh Arora, Haider Ali Khan
Increasing occurrence of gastroenteritis outbreaks caused by food borne opportunistic microorganisms has become a major problem in food industry as well as in immunocompromised host. Antimicrobial agents are losing their efficacy due to increase in the microbial resistance. For such reasons, conventional treatment has become limited to manage the infections state. Need of the hour is to instigate the search for safer holistic alternatives. The present study was hence conducted to assess the antibiofilm effect and mode of action of aquo alcoholic extracts of Holarrhena antidysentrica (Ha) and Andrographis paniculata (Ap) against the Salmonella enterica serovar typhimurium...
December 2016: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812526/evaluation-and-selection-of-bacillus-species-based-on-enzyme-production-antimicrobial-activity-and-biofilm-synthesis-as-direct-fed-microbial-candidates-for-poultry
#18
Juan D Latorre, Xochitl Hernandez-Velasco, Ross E Wolfenden, Jose L Vicente, Amanda D Wolfenden, Anita Menconi, Lisa R Bielke, Billy M Hargis, Guillermo Tellez
Social concern about misuse of antibiotics as growth promoters (AGP) and generation of multidrug-resistant bacteria have restricted the dietary inclusion of antibiotics in livestock feed in several countries. Direct-fed microbials (DFM) are one of the multiple alternatives commonly evaluated as substitutes of AGP. Sporeformer bacteria from the genus Bacillus have been extensively investigated because of their extraordinary properties to form highly resistant endospores, produce antimicrobial compounds, and synthesize different exogenous enzymes...
2016: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777572/role-of-yqic-in-the-pathogenicity-of-salmonella-and-innate-immune-responses-of-human-intestinal-epithelium
#19
Ke-Chuan Wang, Chih-Hung Huang, Shih-Min Ding, Ching-Kuo Chen, Hsu-Wei Fang, Ming-Te Huang, Shiuh-Bin Fang
The yqiC gene of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium) regulates bacterial growth at different temperatures and mice survival after infection. However, the role of yqiC in bacterial colonization and host immunity remains unknown. We infected human LS174T, Caco-2, HeLa, and THP-1 cells with S. Typhimurium wild-type SL1344, its yqiC mutant, and its complemented strain. Bacterial colonization and internalization in the four cell lines significantly reduced on yqiC depletion. Post-infection production of interleukin-8 and human β-defensin-3 in LS174T cells significantly reduced because of yqiC deleted in S...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777468/effect-of-small-chain-n-acyl-homoserine-lactone-quorum-sensing-signals-on-biofilms-of-food-borne-pathogens
#20
Jamuna Bai A, Ravishankar Rai V
Quorum sensing or cell to cell communication which includes inter- and intra-cellular communication has been implicated in the production of virulence factor and formation of biofilm in food-borne pathogens. In the present study, the effect of quorum sensing signals on the biofilms of food-borne pathogens has been elucidated. N-butryl homoserine lactone and N-hexanoyl homoserine lactone belonging to acyl homoserine lactone (AHL) family of signaling molecules were investigated for their effect on the biofilm formation (attachment and exopolymeric substance production) in the food-borne pathogens Escherichia coli, Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium and Vibrio parahemolyticus...
September 2016: Journal of Food Science and Technology
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