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Gold response

Hui Li, Xiang Zhou, Dongbao Yao, Haojun Liang
Herein, a class of pH-responsive spherical nucleic acid (SNA) nanostructures prepared by functionalizing gold nanoparticles with DNA nanodevices is presented, which can perform duplex-to-triplex transition upon pH change via pH-sensitive parallel Hoogsteen interactions. The SNA nanostructures exhibit tunable pH sensitivity and a highly rapid and reversible allosteric effect. Furthermore, they can exactly image lysosomes in living cells. We next engineered pH-triggered doxorubicin(Dox)-SNA conjugates that could deliver Dox molecules into cancer cells and achieve pH-dependent drug release...
March 22, 2018: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Eugene Vortia, Victor E Uko, Belinda Yen-Lieberman, Jill Frawley, Sarah E Worley, Lara Danziger-Isakov, Barbara Kaplan, Lori Mahajan
Background: Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) inhibitors are linked with increased risk of reactivation of active tuberculosis. The QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube test is approved for screening latent tuberculosis infection in children and adults. There are limited data on the test performance in children on long-term treatment with TNF-α inhibitors. The objective of this study was to assess the proportion of indeterminate results for the QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube in children with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) on long-term infliximab treatment and to evaluate the range of interferon-γ responses to mitogen...
March 19, 2018: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Georgios D Sideridis, Cengiz Zopluoglu
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate various analytical means to detect academic cheating in an experimental setting. The omega index was compared and contrasted given a gold criterion of academic cheating which entailed a discrepant score between two administrations using an experimental study with real test takers. Participants were 164 elementary school students who were administered a mathematics exam followed by an equivalent mock exam under conditions of strict and relaxed, invigilation, respectively...
2018: Journal of Applied Measurement
Timothy M Rawson, Esmita Charani, Luke Sp Moore, Mark Gilchrist, Pantelis Georgiou, William Hope, Alison H Holmes
BackgroundC-reactive protein (CRP) pharmacodynamic (PD) models have the potential to provide adjunctive methods for predicting the individual exposure-response to antimicrobial therapy. We investigated CRP PD linked to a vancomycin pharmacokinetics (PK) model using routinely collected data from non-critical care adults in secondary care.MethodsPatients receiving intermittent intravenous vancomycin therapy in secondary care were identified. A two-compartment vancomycin PK model was linked to a previously described PD model describing CRP response...
March 20, 2018: Therapeutic Drug Monitoring
Jeffrey R Ashton, Katherine D Castle, Yi Qi, David G Kirsch, Jennifer L West, Cristian T Badea
Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) are emerging as promising agents for both cancer therapy and computed tomography (CT) imaging. AuNPs absorb x-rays and subsequently release low-energy, short-range photoelectrons during external beam radiation therapy (RT), increasing the local radiation dose. When AuNPs are near tumor vasculature, the additional radiation dose can lead to increased vascular permeability. This work focuses on understanding how tumor vascular permeability is influenced by AuNP-augmented RT, and how this effect can be used to improve the delivery of nanoparticle chemotherapeutics...
2018: Theranostics
Graeme A Deuchar, David Brennan, William M Holmes, Martin Shaw, I Mhairi Macrae, Celestine Santosh
The ability to identify metabolically active and potentially salvageable ischaemic penumbra is crucial for improving treatment decisions in acute stroke patients. Our solution involves two complementary novel MRI techniques (Glasgow Oxygen Level Dependant (GOLD) Metabolic Imaging), which when combined with a perfluorocarbon (PFC) based oxygen carrier and hyperoxia can identify penumbra due to dynamic changes related to continued metabolism within this tissue compartment. Our aims were (i) to investigate whether PFC offers similar enhancement of the second technique (Lactate Change) as previously demonstrated for the T2 *OC technique (ii) to demonstrate both GOLD metabolic imaging techniques working concurrently to identify penumbra, following administration of Oxycyte® (O-PFC) with hyperoxia...
2018: Theranostics
Yuan Luo, Parinaz Abiri, Shell Zhang, Chih-Chiang Chang, Amir H Kaboodrangi, Rongsong Li, Ashish K Sahib, Alex Bui, Rajesh Kumar, Mary Woo, Zhaoping Li, René R Sevag Packard, Yu-Chong Tai, Tzung K Hsiai
Introduction: Obesity is associated with an increased risk of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). While Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is a non-invasive gold standard to detect fatty liver, we demonstrate a low-cost and portable electrical impedance tomography (EIT) approach with circumferential abdominal electrodes for liver conductivity measurements. Methods and Results: A finite element model (FEM) was established to simulate decremental liver conductivity in response to incremental liver lipid content...
2018: Theranostics
Woo-Ri Shin, Simranjeet Singh Sekhon, Sung-Keun Rhee, Jung Ho Ko, Ji-Young Ahn, Jiho Min, Yang-Hoon Kim
Aptamer-based paper strip sensor for detecting Vibrio fischeri was developed. Our method was based on the aptamer sandwich assay between whole live cells, V. fischeri and DNA aptamer probes. Following 9 rounds of Cell-SELEX and one of the negative-SELEX, V. fischeri Cell Aptamer (VFCA)-02 and -03 were isolated, with the former showing approximately 10-fold greater avidity (in the sub-nanomolar range) for the target cells when arrayed on a surface. The colorimetric response of a paper sensor based on VFCA-02 was linear in the range of 4 × 101 to 4 × 105 CFU/mL of target cell by using scanning reader...
March 19, 2018: ACS Combinatorial Science
Igor Gayduchenko, Georgy Fedorov, Maxim Moskotin, Denis Yagodkin, Sergey Seliverstov, Gregory N Gol'tsman, Alexander Kuntsevich, Maxim Rybin, Elena D Obraztsova, Vladimir Leiman, Michael S Shur, Taiichi Otsuji, Victor Ryzhii
We report on the sub-THz (129 - 450 GHz) photoresponse of devices based on single layer graphene and graphene nanoribbons with asymmetric source and drain (vanadium and gold) contacts. Vanadium forms a barrier at the graphene interface while gold forms an Ohmic contact. We find that at low temperatures (77K) the detector responsivity rises with the increasing frequency of the incident sub-THz radiation. We interpret this result as a manifestation of a plasmonic effect in the devices with the relatively long plasmonic wavelengths...
March 19, 2018: Nanotechnology
Chuandong Zhu, Lixue Wang, Yang Cai, Guoxiang Wang, Hanfeng Xu, Yuan Wan, Qin Zheng
The high atomic number of gold nanoparticles (GNPs) enables them to offer potential as practical and efficient radiosensitizing agents for cancer radiotherapy applications. In the present study, it was demonstrated that GNPs can significantly modulate the irradiation response of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells in vitro and in vivo , of which the underlying mechanisms were investigated. Cetuximab (C225) is a targeting agent, which binds to the extracellular domain of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Ani Ozcelik, Raquel Pereira-Cameselle, Alexander von Weber, Mateusz Paszkiewicz, Marco Carlotti, Tobias Paintner, Liding Zhang, Tao Lin, Yi-Qi Zhang, Johannes Barth, Tim van den Nobelen, Ryan C Chiechi, Matthias Jakob, Ueli Heiz, Stefano Chiussi, Aras Kartouzian, Florian Klappenberger, J Lorenzo Alonso-Gómez
Chiroptical methods have been proven to be superior compared to their achiral counterparts for the structural elucidation of many compounds. In order to expand the use of chiroptical systems to everyday applications, the development of functional materials exhibiting intense chiroptical responses is essential. Particularly, tailored and robust interfaces compatible with standard device operation conditions are required. Herein, we present the design and synthesis of chiral allenes and their use for the functionalization of gold surfaces...
March 19, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Ling Ling Liau, Suzana Makpol, Abdul Ghani Nur Azurah, Kien Hui Chua
Currently, orthotopic liver transplantation is the gold standard therapy for liver failure. However, it is limited by the insufficient organ donor and risk of immune rejection. Stem cell therapy is a promising alternative treatment for liver failure. One of the most ideal sources of stem cells for regenerative medicine is adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs). In this study, primary ADSCs seeded on cell culture insert were indirectly co-cultured with injured HepG2 to elucidate the role of ADSCs in promoting the recovery of injured HepG2 in non-contact manner...
March 16, 2018: Cytotechnology
Miroslav Stredansky, Luca Redivo, Peter Magdolen, Adam Stredansky, Luciano Navarini
Amperometric biosensor utilizing FAD-dependent glucose dehydrogenase (FAD-GDH) for a specific sucrose monitoring in green coffee is described. FAD-GDH was co-immobilized with invertase and mutarotase on a thin-layer gold planar electrode using chitosan. The biosensor showed a wide linearity (from 10 to 1200 μM), low detection limit (8.4 μM), fast response time (50 s), and appeared to be O2 independent. In addition the biosensors exhibited a good operational (3 days) and storage (1 year) stability...
July 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
Maria J Gonzalez-Moa, Bieke Van Dorst, Ole Lagatie, Ann Verheyen, Lieven Stuyver, Marco A Biamonte
Three O. volvulus immunogenic peptide sequences recently discovered by peptide microarray were adapted to a lateral flow assay (LFA). The LFA employs gold nanoshells as novel high-contrast reporter nanoparticles and detects a serological response against the 3 peptides, found in OvOC9384, OvOC198, and OvOC5528, respectively. When tested on 118 sera from O. volvulus infected patients and 208 control sera, the LFA was 90, 63, and 98% sensitive for each peptide, respectively, and 99-100% specific vs. samples from healthy volunteers...
March 16, 2018: ACS Infectious Diseases
Takuma Ohmichi, Masaki Kondo, Masahiro Itsukage, Hidetaka Koizumi, Shigenori Matsushima, Nagato Kuriyama, Kazunari Ishii, Etsuro Mori, Kei Yamada, Toshiki Mizuno, Takahiko Tokuda
OBJECTIVE The gold standard for the diagnosis of idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) is the CSF removal test. For elderly patients, however, a less invasive diagnostic method is required. On MRI, high-convexity tightness was reported to be an important finding for the diagnosis of iNPH. On SPECT, patients with iNPH often show hyperperfusion of the high-convexity area. The authors tested 2 hypotheses regarding the SPECT finding: 1) it is relative hyperperfusion reflecting the increased gray matter density of the convexity, and 2) it is useful for the diagnosis of iNPH...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
Loïc Peter, Marcel Tella-Amo, Dzhoshkun Ismail Shakir, George Attilakos, Ruwan Wimalasundera, Jan Deprest, Sébastien Ourselin, Tom Vercauteren
PURPOSE: The standard clinical treatment of Twin-to-Twin transfusion syndrome consists in the photo-coagulation of undesired anastomoses located on the placenta which are responsible to a blood transfer between the two twins. While being the standard of care procedure, fetoscopy suffers from a limited field-of-view of the placenta resulting in missed anastomoses. To facilitate the task of the clinician, building a global map of the placenta providing a larger overview of the vascular network is highly desired...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
Cheleka A M Mpande, One B Dintwe, Munyaradzi Musvosvi, Simbarashe Mabwe, Nicole Bilek, Mark Hatherill, Elisa Nemes, Thomas J Scriba
Background: Maintenance of long-lasting immunity is thought to depend on stem cell memory T cells (TSCM ), which have superior self-renewing capacity, longevity and proliferative potential compared with central memory (TCM ) or effector (TEFF ) T cells. Our knowledge of TSCM derives primarily from studies of virus-specific CD8+ TSCM . We aimed to determine if infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis ( M. tb ), the etiological agent of tuberculosis, generates antigen-specific CD4+ TSCM and to characterize their functional ontology...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Iwona Sembratowicz, Katarzyna Ognik
Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) are one of the most examined nanomaterials, but information about their immunogenic potential is still insufficient. Understanding interaction of AuNPs with immune system is essential in designing their safety and possibilities of biomedical applications. An experiment was conducted to determine immunotropic activity of gold nanocolloid (AuNPs) administered orally to chickens depending on dose and duration time. 162 birds were assigned to 9 experimental groups of 18 birds each. The control group (C) did not receive AuNPs...
May 2018: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
David Vrana, Viktor Hlavac, Veronika Brynychova, Radka Vaclavikova, Cestmir Neoral, Jiri Vrba, Rene Aujesky, Marcel Matzenauer, Bohuslav Melichar, Pavel Soucek
The prognosis of esophageal cancer (EC) is poor, despite considerable effort of both experimental scientists and clinicians. The tri-modality treatment consisting of neoadjuvant chemoradiation followed by surgery has remained the gold standard over decades, unfortunately, without significant progress in recent years. Suitable prognostic factors indicating which patients will benefit from this tri-modality treatment are missing. Some patients rapidly progress on the neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy, which is thus useless and sometimes even harmful...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Peng Chen, Xiaohu Liu, Garima Goyal, Nhung Thi Tran, James Chin Shing Ho, Yi Wang, Daniel Aili, Bo Liedberg
Localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) constitutes a versatile technique for biodetection exploiting the sensitivity of plasmonic nanostructures to small changes in refractive index. The optical shift in the LSPR band caused by molecular in-teractions in the vicinity of the nanostructures are typically < 5 nm and can readily be detected using a spectrophotometer. Widespread use of LSPR based sensors require cost effective devices and would benefit from sensing schemes that enables use of very simple spectrophotometers or even naked eye detection...
March 15, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
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