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E. Coli O157

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635589/regulation-of-escherichia-coli-pathogenesis-by-alternative-sigma-factor-n
#1
James T Riordan, Avishek Mitra
σ(N) (also σ(54)) is an alternative sigma factor subunit of the RNA polymerase complex that regulates the expression of genes from many different ontological groups. It is broadly conserved in the Eubacteria with major roles in nitrogen metabolism, membrane biogenesis, and motility. σ(N) is encoded as the first gene of a five-gene operon including rpoN (σ(N)), ptsN, hpf, rapZ, and npr that has been genetically retained among species of Escherichia, Shigella, and Salmonella. In an increasing number of bacteria, σ(N) has been implicated in the control of genes essential to pathogenic behavior, including those involved in adherence, secretion, immune subversion, biofilm formation, toxin production, and resistance to both antimicrobials and biological stressors...
June 2017: EcoSal Plus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630857/effectiveness-of-a-commercial-lactic-acid-bacteria-intervention-applied-to-inhibit-shiga-toxin-producing-escherichia-coli-on-refrigerated-vacuum-aged-beef
#2
Katie R Kirsch, Tamra N Tolen, Jessica C Hudson, Alejandro Castillo, Davey Griffin, T Matthew Taylor
Because of their antagonistic activity towards pathogenic and spoilage bacteria, some members of the lactic acid bacteria (LAB) have been evaluated for use as food biopreservatives. The objectives of this study were to assess the antimicrobial utility of a commercial LAB intervention against O157 and non-O157 Shiga-toxigenic E. coli (STEC) on intact beef strip loins during refrigerated vacuum aging and determine intervention efficacy as a function of mode of intervention application. Prerigor strip loins were inoculated with a cocktail (8...
2017: International journal of food science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630239/an-unusual-case-of-escherichia-coli-o157-h7-infection-with-pseudomembranous-colitis-like-lesions-associated-with-haemolytic-uraemic-syndrome-and-neurological-sequelae
#3
James Kennedy, Lauren Simmonds, Robert Orme, Warren Doherty
A 75-year-old man was admitted with abdominal pain and fresh rectal bleeding. Significantly, he had no risk factors for Clostridium difficile infection. An abdominal CT demonstrated colonic thickening, and flexible sigmoidoscopy identified pseudomembranous colitis-like lesions. After initial treatment as C. difficile colitis, a stool sample revealed Escherichia coli O157:H7 infection. Antibiotic therapy was stopped due to the risk of lysis-mediated toxin release, but unfortunately, the patient continued to deteriorate...
June 18, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628436/contaminated-stream-water-as-source-for-escherichia-coli-o157-illness-in-children
#4
William S Probert, Glen M Miller, Katya E Ledin
In May 2016, an outbreak of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli O157 infections occurred among children who had played in a stream flowing through a park. Analysis of E. coli isolates from the patients, stream water, and deer and coyote scat showed that feces from deer were the most likely source of contamination.
July 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621585/inactivation-of-nonpathogenic-escherichia-coli-escherichia-coli-o157-h7-salmonella-enterica-typhimurium-and-listeria-monocytogenes-in-ice-using-a-uvc-light-emitting-diode
#5
Suguru Murashita, Shuso Kawamura, Shigenobu Koseki
Ice, widely used in the food industry, is a potential cause of food poisoning resulting from microbial contamination. Direct microbial inactivation of ice is necessary because microorganisms may have been present in the source water used to make it and/or may have been introduced due to poor hygiene during production or handling of the ice. Nonthermal and nondestructive microbial inactivation technologies are needed to control microorganisms in ice. We evaluated the applicability of a UVC light-emitting diode (UVC-LED) for microbial inactivation in ice...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614372/intestinal-organoids-model-human-responses-to-infection-by-commensal-and-shiga-toxin-producing-escherichia-coli
#6
Sayali S Karve, Suman Pradhan, Doyle V Ward, Alison A Weiss
Infection with Shiga toxin (Stx) producing Escherichia coli O157:H7 can cause the potentially fatal complication hemolytic uremic syndrome, and currently only supportive therapy is available. Lack of suitable animal models has hindered study of this disease. Induced human intestinal organoids (iHIOs), generated by in vitro differentiation of pluripotent stem cells, represent differentiated human intestinal tissue. We show that iHIOs with addition of human neutrophils can model E. coli intestinal infection and innate cellular responses...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610446/impacts-of-pulsed-electric-field-and-heat-treatment-on-quality-and-sensory-properties-and-microbial-inactivation-of-pomegranate-juice
#7
Gulsun A Evrendilek
Synergistic effects of pulsed electric field+mild heat on quality properties of pomegranate juice were modeled using the best-fit multiple (non-) linear regression models with inactivation kinetics parameters of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Staphylococcus aureus. No significant difference was detected between the control and the treated samples in terms of pH; °Brix; total antioxidant capacity; total monomeric anthocyanin content; total ascorbic acid concentration; and the sensory properties of flavor, taste, aftertaste, and overall acceptance ( p > 0...
January 1, 2017: Food Science and Technology International, Ciencia y Tecnología de Los Alimentos Internacional
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607988/synthesis-structures-and-biomolecular-interactions-of-new-silver-i-5-5-diethylbarbiturate-complexes-of-monophosphines-targeting-gram-positive-bacteria-and-breast-cancer-cells
#8
Veysel T Yilmaz, Ceyda Icsel, Jenaidullah Batur, Seyma Aydinlik, Murat Cengiz, Orhan Buyukgungor
A series of new silver(i) 5,5-diethylbarbiturate (barb) complexes with the formulas [Ag2(μ-barb)2(PPh3)2] (1), [Ag(barb)(PPh2Cy)] (2), [Ag(barb)(PPhCy2)] (3) and [Ag(barb)(PCy3)] (4) (PPh3 = triphenylphosphine, PPh2Cy = diphenylcyclohexylphosphine, PPhCy2 = dicyclohexylphenylphosphine and PCy3 = tricyclohexylphosphine) were synthesized and fully characterized by elemental analysis, IR, NMR, ESI-MS and X-ray crystallography. All the complexes display a significant affinity towards DNA with a groove binding mode and also strongly bind to BSA via hydrophobic interactions...
June 13, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607374/amplifying-the-signal-of-localized-surface-plasmon-resonance-sensing-for-the-sensitive-detection-of-escherichia-coli-o157-h7
#9
Liping Song, Lei Zhang, Youju Huang, Liming Chen, Ganggang Zhang, Zheyu Shen, Jiawei Zhang, Zhidong Xiao, Tao Chen
Gold nanorods (Au NRs) based localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) sensors have been widely employed in various fields including biology, environment and food safety detection, but their size- and shape-dependent sensitivity limits their practical applications in sensing and biological detection. In our present work, we proposed an approach to maximally amplify the signal of Au NRs based LSPR sensing by coating an optimized thickness of mesoporous silica onto Au NRs. The plasmonic peaks of Au NRs@SiO2 with different shell thickness showed finely linear response to the change of surrounding refractive index...
June 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607018/antibiotic-mediated-modulations-of-outer-membrane-vesicles-in-enterohemorrhagic-escherichia-coli-o104-h4-and-o157-h7
#10
Andreas Bauwens, Lisa Kunsmann, Helge Karch, Alexander Mellmann, Martina Bielaszewska
Ciprofloxacin, meropenem, fosfomycin, and polymyxin B strongly increase production of outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) in Escherichia coli O104:H4 and O157:H7. Ciprofloxacin also upregulates OMV-associated Shiga toxin 2a, the major virulence factor of these pathogens, whereas the other antibiotics increase OMV production without the toxin. Both these effects might worsen the clinical outcome of infections caused by Shiga toxin-producing E. coli Our data support the existing recommendations to avoid antibiotics for treatment of these infections...
June 12, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598391/rapid-waterborne-pathogen-detection-with-mobile-electronics
#11
Tsung-Feng Wu, Yu-Chen Chen, Wei-Chung Wang, Ashwini S Kucknoor, Che-Jen Lin, Yu-Hwa Lo, Chun-Wei Yao, Ian Lian
Pathogen detection in water samples, without complex and time consuming procedures such as fluorescent-labeling or culture-based incubation, is essential to public safety. We propose an immunoagglutination-based protocol together with the microfluidic device to quantify pathogen levels directly from water samples. Utilizing ubiquitous complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) imagers from mobile electronics, a low-cost and one-step reaction detection protocol is developed to enable field detection for waterborne pathogens...
June 9, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597303/current-pathogenic-escherichia-coli-foodborne-outbreak-cases-and-therapy-development
#12
REVIEW
Shih-Chun Yang, Chih-Hung Lin, Ibrahim A Aljuffali, Jia-You Fang
Food contamination by pathogenic microorganisms has been a serious public health problem and a cause of huge economic losses worldwide. Foodborne pathogenic Escherichia coli (E. coli) contamination, such as that with E. coli O157 and O104, is very common, even in developed countries. Bacterial contamination may occur during any of the steps in the farm-to-table continuum from environmental, animal, or human sources and cause foodborne illness. To understand the causes of the foodborne outbreaks by E. coli and food-contamination prevention measures, we collected and investigated the past 10 years' worldwide reports of foodborne E...
June 9, 2017: Archives of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596790/high-doses-of-halotolerant-gut-indigenous-lactobacillus-plantarum-reduce-cultivable-lactobacilli-in-newborn-calves-without-increasing-its-species-abundance
#13
Alexander Rodriguez-Palacios, Henry R Staempfli, J Scott Weese
To elucidate the ecological effect of high oral doses of halotolerant (resistant to table salt) indigenous-gut bacteria on other commensals early in life, we conducted a culture-based study to quantify the effect of intestinal Lactobacillus plantarum strain of bovine origin (with remarkable aerobic growth capabilities and inhibitory activity against Escherichia coli O157:H7 and F5) on clinical health and gut lactobacilli/coliforms in newborn calves. In a double-blind placebo-randomized trial twelve colostrum-fed calves, consecutively born at a farm, were fed L...
2017: International Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585607/microangiopathic-haemolytic-anaemia-maha-caused-by-non-o157-h7-e-coli
#14
Mahum Shahid
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585286/improved-sample-preparation-for-direct-quantitative-detection-of-escherichia-coli-o157-in-soil-using-qpcr-without-pre-enrichment
#15
Callum J Highmore, Steve D Rothwell, Charles W Keevil
The prominence of fresh produce as a vehicle for foodborne pathogens such as enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) O157 is rising, where disease cases can cause hospitalization and in some cases death. This rise emphasises the necessity for accurate and sensitive methods for detection of pathogens in soil, potential sources of contamination of fresh produce. The complexity of the soil matrix has previously proven prohibitive to pathogen detection via molecular methods without the use of a culture enrichment step, thereby excluding the detection of viable but non-culturable cells...
June 6, 2017: Microbial Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578089/virulence-genes-shiga-toxin-subtypes-major-o-serogroups-and-phylogenetic-background-of-shiga-toxin-producing-escherichia-coli-strains-isolated-from-cattle-in-iran
#16
Maziar Jajarmi, Abbas Ali Imani Fooladi, Mahdi Askari Badouei, Ali Ahmadi
The aim of this study was to investigate the virulence potential of the isolated bovine STEC for humans in Iran. In this study a collection of STEC strains (n = 50) had been provided via four stages, including sampling from feces of cattle, E. coli isolation, molecular screening of Shiga toxin (stx) genes, and saving the STEC strains from various geographical areas in Iran. The STEC isolates were subjected to stx-subtyping, O-serogrouping, and phylo-grouping by conventional polymerase chain reaction (PCR)...
May 31, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576333/-hygienic-sanitary-quality-in-abattoirs-from-tucuman-province-argentina-detection-isolation-and-characterization-of-shiga-toxin-producing-escherichia-coli
#17
Gabriela B Pérez Terrazzino, Marina S Condorí, Alejandro López Campo, Silvia Vega, Carolina Carbonari, Isabel Chinen, Marta Rivas, Marta C de Castillo, María A Jure
Cattle are the main reservoir of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC), and the strategies to prevent the transmission of these microorganisms are concentrated in the slaughtering plant. The aim of this study was to evaluate the hygienic-sanitary quality and the frequency of detection of STEC in beef carcasses in abattoirs from Tucuman province. Two hundred and seventy four beef carcass sponges were processed; the count of generic E. coli was marginal in 9 (3,3%) of them. Escherichia coli O157 was isolated in 4 (1,4%) samples; 2 of which were characterized as stx2c(vh-a)/eae/ehxA whereas the other 2 were non-toxigenic strains...
May 30, 2017: Revista Argentina de Microbiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572934/evaluation-of-different-solvents-to-extract-antibacterial-compounds-from-jalape%C3%A3-o-peppers
#18
Karleigh Bacon, Renee Boyer, Cynthia Denbow, Sean O'Keefe, Andrew Neilson, Robert Williams
Chili peppers (Capsicum spp.) may possess antibacterial properties and have potential to be used in foods as antimicrobial. The complete chili pepper extract should be evaluated to determine which compounds are responsible for the antimicrobial activity. Extraction of compounds from the pepper is completed using a solvent. The type of solvent used for extraction influences which compounds are isolated, therefore the best extraction method needs to be determined. The purpose of this study was to identify which solvent is most successful at extracting unknown antibacterial compounds from jalapeño peppers...
May 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570505/notice-to-readers-special-podcast-defining-moments-in-mmwr-history-e-coli-o157-h7
#19
(no author information available yet)
MMWR has released a special podcast that highlights the leading role that MMWR played in reporting on the deadly multistate Escherichia coli O157:H7 foodborne outbreak of 1993. "Defining Moments in MMWR History - E. coli O157:H7" features an interview with Dr. Beth Bell conducted by MMWR Editor-in-Chief Dr. Sonja Rasmussen. Dr. Bell, who served as director of the National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID) from 2010 to 2017 and as an Epidemic Intelligence Service Officer during 1992-1994, was one of the first public health responders on the scene for this landmark public health emergency...
June 2, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559930/comparison-of-clinical-and-immunological-findings-in-gnotobiotic-piglets-infected-with-escherichia-coli-o104-h4-outbreak-strain-and-ehec-o157-h7
#20
Bettina Wöchtl, Florian Gunzer, Wilhelm Gerner, Hagen Gasse, Michaela Koch, Zoltán Bagó, Martin Ganter, Herbert Weissenböck, Nora Dinhopl, Sina M Coldewey, Alexandra von Altrock, Karl-Heinz Waldmann, Armin Saalmüller, Kurt Zimmermann, Jörg Steinmann, Jan Kehrmann, Ludger Klein-Hitpass, Jochen Blom, Ralf Ehricht, Ines Engelmann, Isabel Hennig-Pauka
BACKGROUND: Shiga toxin (Stx) producing Escherichia coli (E. coli) (STEC) is the most frequent cause of diarrhoea-positive haemolytic uraemic syndrome (D + HUS) in humans. In 2011, a huge outbreak with an STEC O104:H4 strain in Germany highlighted the limited possibilities for causative treatment of this syndrome. The responsible STEC strain was found to combine Stx production with adherence mechanisms normally found in enteroaggregative E. coli (EAEC). Pathotypes of E. coli evolve and can exhibit different adhesion mechanisms...
2017: Gut Pathogens
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