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Interrupted aortic arch

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310563/evaluation-of-factors-associated-with-achievement-of-biventricular-repair-after-bilateral-pulmonary-artery-banding-in-patients-with-interrupted-aortic-arch
#1
Yasuhiro Hirano, Noboru Inamura, Yukiko Kawazu, Hisaaki Aoki, Futoshi Kayatani, Shigemitsu Iwai, Hiroaki Kawata
BACKGROUND: At our institution, we perform bilateral pulmonary artery banding (BPAB) as the first-stage palliation for interrupted aortic arch (IAA) with low birth weight or severe subaortic stenosis (SAS). The present study aimed to identify factors that may influence the decision regarding the type of second-stage operation, that is, univentricular palliation or biventricular repair, in these patients. METHODS: Cardiac catheterization and angiographic data of nine patients with IAA who underwent initial BPAB and subsequent univentricular or biventricular repair were retrospectively analyzed...
January 2018: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300077/repair-of-truncus-arteriosus-with-interrupted-aortic-arch-van-praagh-type-a4
#2
Karl Reyes, Mohsen Ahmed, Alan Brock, Mark Bleiweis
Truncus arteriosus is an extremely rare and complex form of congenital heart disease. Surgical strategies vary depending on anatomic subtype.  In this tutorial, we present our surgical technique for single stage repair of a truncus arteriosus with interrupted aortic arch (Van Praagh type A4).
December 12, 2017: Multimedia Manual of Cardiothoracic Surgery: MMCTS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299821/brain-protection-in-aortic-arch-aneurysm-antegrade-or-retrograde
#3
Amer Harky, Matthew Fok, Mohamad Bashir, Anthony L Estrera
During open aortic arch repair, there is an interruption of cerebral perfusion and to prevent neurological sequelae, the hypothermic circulatory arrest has been established to provide sufficient brain protection coupled with adjuncts including retrograde and antegrade cerebral perfusion. To date, brain protection during open aortic arch repair is a contested topic as to which provides superior brain protection with little evidence existing to suggest supremacy of one modality over the other. This article reviews current literature reflecting on key and emerging studies in brain protection and their associated outcomes in patients undergoing open aortic arch surgery...
January 3, 2018: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287141/isolated-coarctation-of-the-aorta-in-the-fetus-a-diagnostic-challenge
#4
Joshua A Kailin, Alexia B Santos, Betul Yilmaz Furtun, S Kristen Sexson Tejtel, Regina Lantin-Hermoso
Isolated coarctation of the aorta (CoA) is estimated by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to account for 4%-6% of all congenital heart disease (CHD) in the United States, with a reported prevalence of ~4 per 10 000 live births. Prenatal recognition of coarctation is important as it may improve neonatal survival and reduce morbidity. However, despite advances in imaging and the trend toward detailed aortic arch assessment as part of a comprehensive fetal echocardiogram, isolated CoA may still elude prenatal detection, with potentially lethal consequences if the diagnosis is not suspected and the patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) closes spontaneously in postnatal life...
December 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287136/cerebrovascular-hemodynamics-in-fetuses-with-congenital-heart-disease
#5
Tingting Man, Yihua He, Ying Zhao, Lin Sun, Xiaowei Liu, Shuping Ge
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: It is hypothesized that diminished cerebral vascular resistance or the "brain sparing effect" is associated with fetuses with complex congenital heart defects (CHD) and may affect their neurodevelopmental outcome. An alternative explanation is that it is related to the location, cardiac output, pressure, and resistance in left heart obstructive CHDs. We sought to determine the effects of various left and right heart obstructive defects on the cerebral and placental hemodynamics and to evaluate the utility of these variables for the assessment and prognosis of CHDs...
December 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276881/truncus-arteriosus-with-double-aortic-arch-a-rare-association
#6
Selman Vefa Yıldırım, Ali Yıldırım
Yıldırım SV, Yıldırım A. Truncus arteriosus with double aortic arch: A rare association. Turk J Pediatr 2017; 59: 221-223. Truncus arteriosus (TA) is a congenital heart defect often diagnosed in neonatal period; it represents 0.7% of all congenital heart lesions. The pulmonary arteries originate generally above the coronary ostium. Aorto-pulmonary and interventricular defects are believed to represent an abnormality of conotruncal septation. TA is classified into four types, according to Van Praagh and Colette Edwards...
2017: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245349/secondary-hypertension-due-to-isolated-interrupted-aortic-arch-in-a-45-year-old-person-a-case-report
#7
Jian Mei Zhou, Xin Wen Liu, Yi Yang, Bo Zhong Wang, Jian An Wang
RATIONALE: Though it is rare, isolated interrupted aortic arch (IAA) could lead to hypertension. Surgical repair is the only effective curative method to treat IAA conditions and patients with IAA can hardly survive to adulthood with medication alone. We report an IAA case that of a 45-year-old male patient who survived for 45 years without surgical treatment. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 45-year-old man was referred to the hospital presenting with abnormal blood pressure level...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198626/the-impact-of-distal-stent-graft-induced-new-entry-on-aortic-remodeling-of-chronic-type-b-dissection
#8
Chun-Yang Huang, Hung-Lung Hsu, Po-Lin Chen, I-Ming Chen, Chiao-Po Hsu, Chun-Che Shih
BACKGROUND: In chronic type B aortic dissection, late distal stent graft-induced new entry (SINE) has a possible negative role in long-term aortic remodeling. This study aimed to investigate the impact of SINE occurrence on survival by evaluating true and false lumen remodeling in thoracic and abdominal segments at midterm surveillance. METHODS: This study enrolled 65 patients with chronic type B aortic dissection (DeBakey type IIIb), who had received hybrid thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) and had completed surveillance for at least 3 years...
December 1, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187934/-persistence-of-the-5th-aortic-arch-associated-with-interruption-of-the-aortic-arch
#9
Mahdi Ait Houssa, Noureddine Atmani, Mehdi Bamous, Abdessamad Abdou, Fouad Nya, Anis Seghrouchni, Brahim Amahzoune, Youssef El Bekkali, Mohamed Drissi, Abdelatif Boulahya
We report a case of persistence of the 5th aortic arch associated with total interruption of the aortic arch. This clinical case shows the diagnostic pitfall of the persistence of the 5th aortic arch and its beneficial hemodynamic effect. Preoperative clinical picture was misleading, due to the persistence of femoral pulses and clinical signs of left-to-right shunt via a wide ductus arteriosus. The diagnosis was intraoperatively adjusted on the basis of blood pressure monitoring using catheter placed into the femoral artery...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183416/repair-of-interrupted-aortic-arch-using-autologous-pulmonary-artery-tissue
#10
Cheul Lee, Jae Young Lee, Eun-Jung Lee
There are several options for the repair of interrupted aortic arch. Direct anastomosis may cause several problems including anastomotic site stenosis, left main bronchus compression, and acute-angled aortic arch. Interposition of a prosthetic graft has no growth potential. We present a case of 34-month-old child with interrupted aortic arch, which was repaired using a pulmonary autograft tube.
November 29, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181798/low-peak-dp-dt-in-the-descending-aorta-in-patients-after-successful-aortic-arch-repair
#11
Masahiro Shiraishi, Tomoaki Murakami, Atsuhito Takeda
One of the most important problems in patients with aortic coarctation or interruption of the aortic arch after successful aortic arch repair is developing cardiovascular disease in the future. It has been reported that the repaired site is stiff and generates a new pressure wave reflection, which could lead to cardiovascular disease. The purpose of this study was to clarify the influence of the repaired portion's stiffness on the pressure waveform in patients. Fifteen patients (age: 7.4 ± 3.2 years) who had successful aortic arch repair were enrolled...
November 27, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110739/urgent-hybrid-palliation-for-interrupted-aortic-arch-in-a-preterm-infant
#12
Ryan A Romans, Aimee K Armstrong, Ranjit Aiyagari
In patients with ductal-dependent CHD, ductal restriction can be life-threatening. We present the use of urgent hybrid palliation involving placement of bilateral pulmonary artery bands and ductus arteriosus stent implantation in a 1.5 kg premature infant with interrupted aortic arch and ductal restriction.
November 7, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054236/yasui-conversion-for-repair-after-left-ventricular-outflow-tract-obstruction
#13
Satoshi Fujita, Toshihide Nakano, Shinichiro Oda, Hideaki Kado, Hisataka Yasui
We herein report two cases of progressive left ventricular outflow obstruction after primary repair of arch obstruction and ventricular septal defect that was successfully resolved with Yasui conversion. Patients who require surgical reintervention for progressive left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) obstruction after primary biventricular repair of interruption of the aortic arch or coarctation of the aorta complex are occasionally experienced. The modified Konno procedure and Ross operation are well recognized as useful for these cases...
November 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993347/interrupted-aortic-arch-complicated-with-takotsubo-cardiomyopathy-mimicking-aortic-dissection
#14
Farhala Mari Baloch, Javed Majid Tai, Aamir Hameed Khan, Abdul Baqi
A 50-year-old man presented to the emergency department with interscapular pain, diaphoresis and restlessness. Initial examination raised the possibility of aortic dissection; however, the CT scan did not concur with the diagnosis. An ECG showed ST segment elevation in leads V1-V6 and echocardiography showed severe left ventricular systolic dysfunction. Coronary angiography through the right femoral artery was attempted but the diagnostic catheter could not be advanced to the ascending aorta. Radiocontrast injection showed complete obstruction of the descending aorta...
October 9, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925321/an-unusual-combination-of-truncus-arteriosus-interrupted-aortic-arch-and-hypoplastic-left-ventricle
#15
Supreet P Marathe, Sanjeev H Naganur, Sabarinath Menon, Yishay Orr, Stephen G Cooper, David S Winlaw
Truncus arteriosus (common arterial trunk) is known to be associated with interrupted aortic arch in 10% to 15% of cases. However, the association of either of these lesions with a hypoplastic left ventricle is rare. The combination of all three of these lesions along with an intact interventricular septum is virtually unknown with only two cases reported in the literature. We report such a case with its anatomical and surgical management aspects.
January 1, 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918205/direct-closure-of-ventricular-septal-defect-for-left-ventricular-outflow-tract-obstruction-in-interrupted-aortic-arch
#16
Jerome Soquet, Melissa G Y Lee, Christian P Brizard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 24, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752325/single-stage-correction-for-taussig-bing-anomaly-associated-with-aortic-arch-obstruction
#17
Kai Luo, Jinghao Zheng, Shunmin Wang, Zhongqun Zhu, Botao Gao, Zhiwei Xu, Jinfen Liu
Taussig-Bing anomaly and aortic arch obstruction are two types of complex congenital cardiac malformations. Almost 50% of patients with Taussig-Bing anomaly have aortic arch obstruction. This report assesses the surgical outcomes of single-stage correction in neonates with both defects. Between November 2006 and November 2015, 39 neonates with Taussig-Bing anomaly and aortic arch obstruction (28 patients with coarctation of the aorta and 11 patients with interrupted aortic arch) underwent a one-stage arterial switch operation and aortic reconstruction...
December 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743203/biventricular-repair-in-interrupted-aortic-arch-type-c-with-aortic-atresia
#18
Dhananjay P Malankar, Andrew C Glatz, Paul M Weinberg, James W Gaynor
We report a case of interrupted aortic arch type C with aortic atresia and a ventricular septal defect with two well-developed ventricles, who underwent a successful single-stage biventricular repair with the modified Yasui procedure and arch reconstruction. Angiography done during conduit revision showed bilateral brachiocephalic trunks with high branching. The child is doing well six years after the initial operation.
January 1, 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711428/-congenital-heart-disease-mortality-in-spain-during-a-10-year-period-2003-2012
#19
Javier Pérez-Lescure Picarzo, Margarita Mosquera González, Pello Latasa Zamalloa, David Crespo Marcos
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Congenital heart disease is a major cause of infant mortality in developed countries. In Spain, there are no publications at national level on mortality due to congenital heart disease. The aim of this study is to analyse mortality in infants with congenital heart disease, lethality of different types of congenital heart disease, and their variation over a ten-year period. METHODS: A retrospective observational study was performed to evaluate mortality rate of children under one year old with congenital heart disease, using the minimum basic data set, from 2003 to 2012...
July 12, 2017: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690293/tracheal-compression-caused-by-a-mediastinal-hematoma-after-interrupted-aortic-arch-surgery
#20
Qingwang Hua, Zhiyong Lin, Xingti Hu, Qifeng Zhao
Congenital abnormalities of the aortic arch include interrupted aortic arch (IAA), coarctation of the aorta (CoA), and double aortic arch (DAA). Aortic arch repair is difficult and postoperative complications are common. However, postoperative tracheobronchial stenosis with respiratory insufficiency is an uncommon complication and is usually caused by increased aortic anastomotic tension. We report here a case of tracheal compression by a mediastinal hematoma following IAA surgery. The patient underwent a repeat operation to remove the hematoma and was successfully weaned off the ventilator...
August 3, 2017: International Heart Journal
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