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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104721/topical-a-agonist-therapy-for-persistent-facial-erythema-of-rosacea-and-the-addition-of-oxmetazoline-to-the-treatment-armamentarium-where-are-we-now
#1
REVIEW
James Q Del Rosso
The presence of vasoactivity in rosacea-affected skin led to the development of two topical α-adrenergic receptor agonists, brimonidine tartrate 0.5% gel and oxymetazoline hydrochloride 1% cream, both approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration for treatment of persistent facial erythema of rosacea. In this article, the author discusses challenges related to the treatment of persistent facial erythema of rosacea and the use of a-agonist therapy. The author also discusses cases of worsening of facial erythema after the application of brimonidine, as well as briefly reviews recently reported clinical data on oxymetazoline...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094614/role-of-topical-oxymetazoline-for-management-of-erythematotelangiectatic-rosacea
#2
Rebecca M Hoover, John Erramouspe
OBJECTIVE: To review and summarize topical oxymetazoline's pharmacology, pharmacokinetics, efficacy, safety, cost, and place in therapy for persistent redness associated with erythematotelangiectatic rosacea. DATA SOURCES: Literature searches of MEDLINE (1975 to September 2017), International Pharmaceutical Abstracts (1975 to September 2017), and Cochrane Database (publications through September 2017) using the terms rosacea, persistent redness, α -agonist, and oxymetazoline...
November 1, 2017: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093758/tgtt-and-aaca-two-transcriptionally-active-ltr-retrotransposon-subfamilies-with-a-specific-ltr-structure-and-horizontal-transfer-in-four-rosaceae-species
#3
Hao Yin, Xiao Wu, Dongqing Shi, Yangyang Chen, Kaijie Qi, Zhengqiang Ma, Shaoling Zhang
Background: Long terminal repeat retrotransposons (LTR-RTs) are major components of plant genomes. Common LTR-RTs contain the palindromic dinucleotide 5'-'TG'-'CA'-3' motif at the ends. Thus, further analyses of non-canonical LTR-RTs with non-palindromic motifs will enhance our understanding of their structures and evolutionary history. Results: Here, we report two new LTR-RT subfamilies (TGTT and AACA) with atypical dinucleotide ends of 5'-'TG'-'TT'-3', and 5'-'AA'-'CA'-3' in pear, apple, peach and mei...
2017: Mobile DNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091380/real-world-efficacy-of-azelaic-acid-15-gel-for-the-reduction-of-inflammatory-lesions-of-rosacea
#4
P J Wirth, M H Henderson Berg, N Sadick
Approximately 16 million Americans have rosacea, an inflammatory cutaneous disorder with central facial erythema, papules, pustules, telangiectasia, flushing, and swelling being among the more commonly recognized features. Overexpression of cathelicidin peptide LL-37 has been implicated in the pathophysiology of rosacea. Azelaic acid has been found to inhibit the pathologic expression of cathelicidin, as well as the hyperactive protease activity that cleaves cathelicidin into LL-37. Given these findings, a small prospective, open-label, interventional trial was undertaken to assess the effects of azelaic acid 15% gel on inflammatory lesions of papulopustular rosacea in a real-world setting...
November 2017: Skin Therapy Letter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090055/severe-rosacea-a-case-report
#5
Ebrahim Shirzadeh, Abbas Bagheri, Mojtaba Fattahi Abdizadeh, Mozhgan Rezaei Kanavi
PURPOSE: To describe a case of severe rosacea with ocular involvement. CASE REPORT: A 28-year-old female patient presented with extensive facial and ocular eruptions. She had a history of treatment with oral prednisolone due to the clinical diagnosis of lupus erythematosus (LE), which had resulted in transient improvement of the lesions, but was followed by exacerbation of the lesions. With the clinical diagnosis of severe oculofacial rosacea, she was successfully treated with oral doxycycline, steroid eye drops, and ocular lubricants...
October 2017: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089181/evidence-based-update-on-rosacea-comorbidities-and-their-common-physiologic-pathways
#6
REVIEW
Anna D Holmes, Julia Spoendlin, Anna L Chien, Hilary Baldwin, Anne Lynn S Chang
Rosacea is a common chronic inflammatory disease affecting the facial skin whose etiology and pathophysiology are the subject of much investigation. Risk factors include genetic and environmental elements that may predispose individuals to localized inflammation and abnormal neurovascular responses to stimuli. Recent studies have introduced an array of systemic rosacea comorbidities, such as inflammatory bowel disease and neurologic conditions, that can be challenging to synthesize. We critically review the current data behind reported rosacea comorbidities and identify and highlight underrecognized physiologic mediators shared among rosacea and associated comorbidities...
October 28, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089180/standard-classification-and-pathophysiology-of-rosacea-the-2017-update-by-the-national-rosacea-society-expert-committee
#7
REVIEW
Richard L Gallo, Richard D Granstein, Sewon Kang, Mark Mannis, Martin Steinhoff, Jerry Tan, Diane Thiboutot
In 2002, the National Rosacea Society assembled an expert committee to develop the first standard classification of rosacea. This original classification was intended to be updated as scientific knowledge and clinical experience increased. Over the last 15 years, significant new insights into rosacea's pathogenesis and pathophysiology have emerged, and the disorder is now widely addressed in clinical practice. Growing knowledge of rosacea's pathophysiology has established that a consistent multivariate disease process underlies the various clinical manifestations of this disorder, and the clinical significance of each of these elements is increasing as more is understood...
October 28, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071268/development-of-ocular-rosacea-following-combined-ipilimumab-and-nivolumab-treatment-for-metastatic-malignant-skin-melanoma
#8
Niels J Brouwer, John B A G Haanen, Martine J Jager
PURPOSE: To report a case of severe ocular rosacea following ipilimumab plus nivolumab treatment in a patient with metastatic malignant skin melanoma. METHODS: Case report and review of the literature. RESULTS: A 68-year-old male with newly diagnosed metastatic malignant cutaneous melanoma was treated with first-line ipilimumab plus nivolumab, which resulted in a partial response. Four months after initiation of treatment, the patient developed red eyelids and conjunctivae, with painful gritty eyes, limiting his capacity to read...
September 2017: Ocular Oncology and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050447/uncaria-tomentosa
#9
Valentina Della Valle
Uncaria tomentosa (U. tomentosa) or uña de gato, a species of vine of Rubiaceae family, was used from centuries in various medical conditions. Although there are no randomized controlled trials or published human outcome studies, some conditions reportedly improved by U. tomentosa include osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, prostatitis, viral illnesses and cancer (acting as a non-specific immunomodulantign agent) and it may also have potential as an immunomodulating adaptogen in cellular aging. The understanding of some specific mechanisms of molecular action leads to the demonstration of various anti-inflammatory, immunostimulating and protective effects...
December 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038917/chromatin-associated-regulation-of-sorbitol-synthesis-in-flower-buds-of-peach
#10
Alba Lloret, Amparo Martínez-Fuentes, Manuel Agustí, María Luisa Badenes, Gabino Ríos
PpeS6PDH gene is postulated to mediate sorbitol synthesis in flower buds of peach concomitantly with specific chromatin modifications. Perennial plants have evolved an adaptive mechanism involving protection of meristems within specialized structures named buds in order to survive low temperatures and water deprivation during winter. A seasonal period of dormancy further improves tolerance of buds to environmental stresses through specific mechanisms poorly known at the molecular level. We have shown that peach PpeS6PDH gene is down-regulated in flower buds after dormancy release, concomitantly with changes in the methylation level at specific lysine residues of histone H3 (H3K27 and H3K4) in the chromatin around the translation start site of the gene...
October 16, 2017: Plant Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989281/efficacy-and-tolerability-of-liposomal-polyvinylpyrrolidone-iodine-hydrogel-for-the-localized-treatment-of-chronic-infective-inflammatory-dermatoses-an-uncontrolled-pilot-study
#11
Matthias Augustin, Lisa Goepel, Arnd Jacobi, Bjoern Bosse, Stefan Mueller, Michael Hopp
Infection is common in many chronic, inflammatory skin conditions but is often difficult to treat, in part due to growing bacterial resistance to antibiotics. Liposomal polyvinyl-pyrrolidone (PVP)-iodine hydrogel has a unique mode of action, combining the antiseptic and anti-inflammatory actions of PVP-iodine with the drug delivery and moisturizing properties of liposomes. We investigated the utility of liposomal PVP-iodine to treat infective dermatoses. In this prospective, single-arm (uncontrolled), open-label Phase II pilot study, patients with acne vulgaris (n=30), atopic dermatitis (n=20), impetigo contagiosa (n=10), and rosacea (n=10) received PVP-iodine (3%) hydrogel for ≤4 weeks...
2017: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979654/the-burden-of-illness-of-erythematotelangiectatic-rosacea-and-papulopustular-rosacea-findings-from-a-web-based-survey
#12
James Q Del Rosso, Emil A Tanghetti, Hilary E Baldwin, David A Rodriguez, Ilia L Ferrusi
Objective: Evaluate patients' perceptions of rosacea symptoms and treatments. Design: Cross-sectional, web-based survey conducted from May 8 to July 1,2015. Setting: E-mail invitation. Participants: Male and female adults in the United States who self-reported having a physician's diagnosis of rosacea. Measurements: Sociodemographic and clinical characteristics were collected for eligible respondents using the Self-Assessment of Rosacea Facial Redness scale and the Symptom Assessment for Rosacea Facial Bumps and Pimples questionnaire...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966509/pulsed-dye-laser-treatment-combined-with-oral-minocycline-reduces-recurrence-rate-of-rosacea
#13
Hye Soo Ko, Young Ju Suh, Ji Won Byun, Gwang Seong Choi, Jeonghyun Shin
BACKGROUND: The recurrence rate of rosacea was not known very well, but has been reported as 60% in 6 months after withdrawal of the drug. It is not known which treatment can reduce relapses of rosacea effectively. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to identify whether 595 nm-pulsed dye laser (PDL) treatment reduced recurrence rate among rosacea patients who were treated with oral minocycline. METHODS: One hundred and seven Korean patients with rosacea who started treatment with oral minocycline (100 mg/d) with or without PDL (2∼4 sessions) were evaluated retrospectively...
October 2017: Annals of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943211/rhinophyma-our-experience-based-on-a-series-of-12-cases
#14
P Clarós, M-C Sarr, F-B Nyada, A Clarós
INTRODUCTION: Rhinophyma is a rare, benign and unsightly disease of the skin of the nose that was first described a very long time ago, as illustrated by portrait of an old man with a bulbous nose holding his grandson, by Ghirlandaio in 1490. It was described for the first time by Ferdinando Hebra Von (1816-1880), as the third stage of rosacea. The objective of this study is to report the author's experience and propose a new treatment option in the management of rhinophyma. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We describe our experience of rhinophyma based on a retrospective case study...
September 21, 2017: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932125/an-empirically-generated-responder-definition-for-rosacea-treatment
#15
Gerald Staedtler, Kaweh Shakery, Jan Endrikat, Richard Nkulikiyinka, Christoph Gerlinger
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to empirically generate a responder definition for the treatment of papulopustular rosacea. METHODS: A total of 8 multicenter clinical studies on patients with papulopustular facial rosacea were analyzed. All patients were treated with azelaic acid and/or comparator treatments. The severity of rosacea was described by the Investigator Global Assessment (IGA) and the number of lesions. Patients with the IGA score of "clear/minimal" were considered as responders, and those staying in the range of IGA "mild to severe" as nonresponders...
2017: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917186/compounds-isolated-from-eriobotrya-deflexa-leaves-protect-against-ultraviolet-radiation-b-induced-photoaging-in-human-fibroblasts
#16
Chung-Yu Huang, Yi-Tzu Lin, Hsiang-Chun Kuo, Wen-Fei Chiou, Mei-Hsien Lee
Ultraviolet (UV) irradiation leads to skin photoaging because of the upregulation of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1 and downregulation of type I collagen and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP)-1. Eriobotrya deflexa (Hemsl.) Nakai (Rosaceae) is a flowering plant endemic to Taiwan, and its leaves have been used as an expectorant and in antitussive folk remedy. Our previous studies have demonstrated that an E. deflexa leaf extract functions as a free radical scavenger. The current evaluated the antiphotoaging effect of partitioned fractions and specific compounds from the leaves of E...
October 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915286/treatment-of-rosacea-with-concomitant-use-of-topical-ivermectin-1-cream-and-brimonidine-0-33-gel-a-randomized-vehicle-controlled-study
#17
Linda Stein Gold, Kim Papp, Charles Lynde, Edward Lain, Melinda Gooderham, Sandra Johnson, Nabil Kerrouche
BACKGROUND: There is currently a lack of data on the simultaneous treatment of different features of rosacea. Individually, ivermectin 1% (IVM) cream and brimonidine 0.33% (BR) gel have demonstrated efficacy on inflammatory lesions and persistent erythema, respectively. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy, safety, patient satisfaction, and optimal timing of administration of IVM associated with BR (IVM+BR) versus their vehicles in rosacea (investigator global assessment [IGA] ≥3)...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902026/chemical-peels-indications-and-special-considerations-for-the-male-patient
#18
REVIEW
Jeave Reserva, Amanda Champlain, Seaver L Soon, Rebecca Tung
BACKGROUND: Chemical peels are a mainstay of aesthetic medicine and an increasingly popular cosmetic procedure performed in men. OBJECTIVE: To review the indications for chemical peels with an emphasis on performing this procedure in male patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Review of the English PubMed/MEDLINE literature and specialty texts in cosmetic dermatology, oculoplastic, and facial aesthetic surgery regarding sex-specific use of chemical peels in men...
November 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898474/quality-of-life-measurement-in-acne-position-paper-of-the-european-academy-of-dermatology-and-venereology-task-forces-on-quality-of-life-and-patient-oriented-outcomes-and-acne-rosacea-and-hidradenitis-suppurativa
#19
REVIEW
P V Chernyshov, C C Zouboulis, L Tomas-Aragones, G B Jemec, L Manolache, T Tzellos, F Sampogna, A W M Evers, C Dessinioti, S E Marron, V Bettoli, O D van Cranenburgh, A Svensson, A I Liakou, F Poot, J C Szepietowski, M S Salek, A Y Finlay
Acne causes profound negative psychological and social effects on the quality of life (QoL) of patients. The European Dermatology Forum S3-Guideline for the Treatment of Acne recommended adopting a QoL measure as an integral part of acne management. Because of constantly growing interest in health-related QoL assessment in acne and because of the high impact of acne on patients' lives, the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology Task Force on QoL and Patient Oriented Outcomes and the Task Force on Acne, Rosacea and Hidradenitis Suppurativa have documented the QoL instruments that have been used in acne patients, with information on validation, purposes of their usage, description of common limitations and mistakes in their usage and overall recommendations...
September 12, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895387/chaenomeles-%C3%A2-health-promoting-benefits
#20
REVIEW
Katarzyna Watychowicz, Katarzyna Janda, Karolina Jakubczyk, Jolanta Wolska
Chaenomeles is a genus of deciduous spiny in the family of Rosaceae (Pomoideae subfamily). For centuries, the plant was used for a treatment of anemia, rheumatism, gout and cardiovascular diseases. The chemical composition studies of Chaenomeles showed the presence of many biologically active compounds, such as: phenolic compounds, organic acids, terpenoids, alcohols, ketones or aldehydes. Fruit of Chaenomeles has the largest applying potential due to extensive use of medicinal and high concentration of vitamin C...
2017: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
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