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Babak Bakhshinejad, Saeedeh Ghiasvand
The gastrointestinal (GI) tract is populated by a huge variety of viruses. Bacterial viruses (bacteriophages) constitute the largest and the most unrecognized part of virome. The total bacteriophage community of the human gut is called phageome. Phages colonize the gut from the earliest moments of life and become our fellow travelers throughout life. Phageome seems to be unique to each individual and shows a high degree of interpersonal variation. In the healthy gut, a vast majority of phages have a lysogenic lifestyle...
August 15, 2017: Virus Research
Victoria Hall, Emily Banerjee, Cynthia Kenyon, Anna Strain, Jayne Griffith, Kathryn Como-Sabetti, Jennifer Heath, Lynn Bahta, Karen Martin, Melissa McMahon, Dave Johnson, Margaret Roddy, Denise Dunn, Kristen Ehresmann
On April 10, 2017, the Minnesota Department of Health (MDH) was notified about a suspected measles case. The patient was a hospitalized child aged 25 months who was evaluated for fever and rash, with onset on April 8. The child had no history of receipt of measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine and no travel history or known exposure to measles. On April 11, MDH received a report of a second hospitalized, unvaccinated child, aged 34 months, with an acute febrile rash illness with onset on April 10. The second patient's sibling, aged 19 months, who had also not received MMR vaccine, had similar symptoms, with rash onset on March 30...
July 14, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Silja Bühler, Phung Lang, Bettina Bally, Christoph Hatz, Veronika K Jaeger
BACKGROUND: In line with the worldwide strive to combat measles, the Swiss Federal Office of Public Heath (FOPH) launched a National Strategy for measles elimination 2011-2015. In this study, we highlight the importance of travel medicine consultations to complement measles vaccination programmes based on data from the Travel Clinic of the University of Zurich. METHOD: We analysed measles vaccination data from the Zurich Travel Clinic between July 2010 and February 2016 and focused on three groups: (i) all clients who received the measles vaccination, (ii) all clients aged>two years who received the measles vaccination ("catch-up vaccination"), and (iii) all clients aged>two years and born after 1963 ("FOPH recommended catch-up vaccination")...
June 27, 2017: Vaccine
Wilbur C Hitt, Gordon M Low, Christian E Lynch, C Heath Gauss, Everett F Magann, Curtis L Lowery, Hari Eswaran
BACKGROUND: Individuals in rural areas are often restricted by the amount of physicians' availability, thus limiting access to healthcare in those settings. INTRODUCTION: While Pap smear screening has increased across the United States, the rural South still reports high rates of cervical cancer and mortality. One solution to improve patient outcomes related to cervical cancer in rural settings is telecolposcopy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Women with abnormal Pap results or an abnormal visual examination needing an evaluation by colposcopy were referred to a hospital-based telecolposcopy program...
October 2016: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
Jaime Martinez-Urtaza, Andy Powell, Josep Jansa, José Luís Castro Rey, Oscar Paz Montero, Marta García Campello, M José Zamora López, Anxela Pousa, M José Faraldo Valles, Joaquin Trinanes, Domique Hervio-Heath, William Keay, Amanda Bayley, Rachel Hartnell, Craig Baker-Austin
We describe an outbreak of seafood-associated Vibrio parahaemolyticus in Galicia, Spain in on 18th of August 2012 affecting 100 of the 114 passengers travelling on a food banquet cruise boat. Epidemiological information from 65 people was available from follow-on interviews, of which 51 cases showed symptoms of illness. The food items identified through the questionnaires as the most probable source of the infections was shrimp. This product was unique in showing a statistically significant and the highest OR with a value of 7...
2016: SpringerPlus
Jayden MacRae, Simon Kingham, Ed Griffin
The closure of the Manawatu Gorge in New Zealand in August 2011 caused a change in the travel time for patients living in the east of the MidCentral Health District to their health services located in Palmerston North. This presented an opportunity to study the effect a change in spatial access had on a population before and after such an event. We used a retrospective cohort design with routinely collected data from general practice and hospital services. Realised accessibility was calculated for 101,456 patients over 3...
September 2015: Health & Place
William D Spector, Rhona Limcangco, Ryan L Mutter, Jesse M Pines, Pamela Owens
INTRODUCTION: Inpatient hospital costs represent nearly a third of heath care spending. The proportion of inpatients visits that originate in the emergency department (ED) has been growing, approaching half of all inpatient admissions. Injury is the most common reason for adult ED visits, representing nearly one-quarter of all ED visits. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to explore the association of clinical and nonclinical factors with the decision to admit ED patients with injury...
June 2015: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Hugh McLeod, Gemma Heath, Elaine Cameron, Geoff Debelle, Carole Cummins
OBJECTIVES: In line with a national policy to move care 'closer to home', a specialist children's hospital in the National Health Service in England introduced consultant-led 'satellite' clinics to two community settings for general paediatric outpatient services. Objectives were to reduce non-attendance at appointments by providing care in more accessible locations and to create new physical clinic capacity. This study evaluated these satellite clinics to inform further development and identify lessons for stakeholders...
June 2015: BMJ Quality & Safety
A Stathakis, K P Lim, P Boan, M Lavender, J Wrobel, M Musk, C H Heath
Penicillium marneffei is a thermally dimorphic fungus that can cause severe opportunistic infections in endemic regions of Southeast Asia, particularly in individuals infected with human immunodeficiency virus-1, but has rarely been reported in solid organ transplant recipients. Herein, we report the first case, to our knowledge, of P. marneffei infection in a lung transplant recipient, occurring in a 41-year-old woman 28 months post lung transplantation, after recent travel to Vietnam. We have reviewed the literature to derive some management principles for this rare infection in this clinical context...
June 2015: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
Suwarat Wongjittraporn, Ornusa Teerasukjinda, Melvin Yee, Heath H Chung
BACKGROUND: Streptococcus suis meningoencephalitis is a rare but increasingly important condition. Good history taking will give clues to the diagnosis. This is the fourth case report in the United States. CASE: A 52-year-old Filipino man who recently returned from a trip to the Philippines was admitted with classic symptoms of bacterial meningitis. His cerebrospinal fluid culture grew Streptococcus suis. His clinical course was complicated by seizures, hearing loss, and permanent tinnitus...
September 2014: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
Wendy H Ducat, Vanessa Burge, Saravana Kumar
BACKGROUND: Allied health professionals play a critical role in enhancing health outcomes in primary and tertiary settings. Issues affecting the recruitment and retention of allied health workers in rural and remote areas are multifactorial. Access to relevant and effective continuing professional development is argued to be a recruitment and retention strategy for health professionals in non-metropolitan areas, however trial of the effectiveness of professional development programs and identification of enablers and barriers to participation is needed...
2014: BMC Medical Education
Jessica L Robb, Brian J Clapson
The Canadian health care system was designed to ensure that all Canadian citizens would receive equal access to health care. However, in rural areas of Canada, patients are required to travel long distances and pay significant out-of-pocket expenses to access health care. The present study attempted to quantify the added out-of-pocket costs that rural Saskatchewan residents must pay to receive plastic surgical specialist care compared with urban residents of Saskatoon. A cost analysis was performed to generate a numerical value that would represent a minimum cost for patients travelling from three different locations within the province...
2014: Plastic Surgery
Teneale Alyce McGuckin, Wade Heath Sinclair, Rebecca Maree Sealey, Paul Bowman
The current study explored the effects of short haul air travel within the same country on elite Australian rugby league (RL) players (n=12) during two away and two home games of elite competition. Physiological tests of handgrip strength and leg power were assessed along with psychological tests and perceptions of leg soreness and tiredness on the day before the game (Time 1 and Time 2) and on game day (Time 3). Game statistics of tackles and metres gained were assessed for the games analysed. Significant differences were found for daily analyses of life demands for athletes (DALDA) worse than normal responses at Time 2 (2...
2014: European Journal of Sport Science
Marysa Laguë, Nessy Tania, Joel Heath, Leah Edelstein-Keshet
Significant progress has been made towards understanding the social behaviour of animal groups, but the patch model, a foundation of foraging theory, has received little attention in a social context. The effect of competition on the optimal time to leave a foraging patch was considered as early as the original formulation of the marginal value theorem, but surprisingly, the role of facilitation (where foraging in groups decreases the time to find food in patches), has not been incorporated. Here we adapt the classic patch model to consider how the trade-off between facilitation and competition influences optimal group size...
October 7, 2012: Journal of Theoretical Biology
Allen C G Heath, Scott Hardwick
Humans coming into New Zealand occasionally, and unwittingly, bring exotic ticks with them, either attached to their bodies or with luggage. Of the 172 available records for tick interception at New Zealand's border, half can be attributed to human agency. Here, together with an outline of tick biology and ecology, we present evidence of at least 17 species of ticks being brought in by humans, with Australia, North America and Asia the most frequent countries of origin. Risks posed by some of the nine species of ticks already in New Zealand are briefly examined...
July 29, 2011: New Zealand Medical Journal
Timothy J J Inglis, Lyn O'Reilly, Adam J Merritt, Avram Levy, Christopher H Heath, Christopher Heath
Melioidosis became a notifiable disease in Western Australia (WA) 2 years after the West Kimberley melioidosis outbreak. Two cases of melioidosis caused by the outbreak genotype of Burkholderia pseudomallei (National Collection of Type Cultures [NCTC] 13177) occurred in 1998 and 1999 in persons who visited the outbreak location at the time. No other infections caused by the outbreak strain have been recorded in WA since that time, despite an average of four culture-positive cases per year. Sporadic cases of melioidosis often follow tropical storms and cyclones during summer, and they have been detected outside the endemic area when cyclones travel far inland...
June 2011: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Scott Macconnell
This article represents a first step in the process of restoring the legacy of pioneer California winemaker Jean-Louis Vignes (1780–1862). Vignes was a native of France who established and operated a commercial winery (El Aliso) in Los Angeles for 22 years (1833–1855). The article includes the first known photograph of Vignes discovered by the author. While prominent twentieth-century American wine historians have acknowledged Vignes, the author emphasizes a key distinction made by French historian Leonce Jore...
2011: Gastronomica: the Journal of Food and Culture
David D Hsu, Daniel Inman, Garvin A Heath, Edward J Wolfrum, Margaret K Mann, Andy Aden
Projected life cycle greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and net energy value (NEV) of high-ethanol blend fuel (E85) used to propel a passenger car in the United States are evaluated using attributional life cycle assessment. Input data represent national-average conditions projected to 2022 for ethanol produced from corn grain, corn stover, wheat straw, switchgrass, and forest residues. Three conversion technologies are assessed: advanced dry mill (corn grain), biochemical (switchgrass, corn stover, wheat straw), and thermochemical (forest residues)...
July 1, 2010: Environmental Science & Technology
Tracy Burton, David Farley, Anthony Rhea
PURPOSE: To compare the level of perceived stress and somatization experienced by spouses of deployed versus nondeployed servicemen, and to determine the relationship between stress and somatization. DATA SOURCES: Using Lazarus and Folkman's theory of Stress and Coping, a descriptive correlational design was used with 130 participants; 68 spouses of nondeployed servicemen and 62 spouses of servicemen deployed to a combat zone. Participants completed a Perceived Stress Scale-10 and Patient Heath Questionnaire-15...
June 2009: Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners
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