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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905939/causes-of-death-in-vanuatu
#1
Karen Carter, Viran Tovu, Jeffrey Tila Langati, Michael Buttsworth, Lester Dingley, Andy Calo, Griffith Harrison, Chalapati Rao, Alan D Lopez, Richard Taylor
BACKGROUND: The population of the Pacific Melanesian country of Vanuatu was 234,000 at the 2009 census. Apart from subsistence activities, economic activity includes tourism and agriculture. Current completeness of vital registration is considered too low to be usable for national statistics; mortality and life expectancy (LE) are derived from indirect demographic estimates from censuses/surveys. Some cause of death (CoD) data are available to provide information on major causes of premature death...
March 15, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905896/the-impact-of-medical-tourism-on-colorectal-screening-among-korean-americans-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#2
Linda K Ko, Victoria M Taylor, Jihye Yoon, Wade K Copeland, Joo Ha Hwang, Eun Jeong Lee, John Inadomi
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) remains the most commonly diagnosed cancer among Korean Americans (KAs) in part due to low screening rates. Recent studies suggest that some KA patients engage in medical tourism and receive medical care in their home country. The impact of medical tourism on CRC screening is unknown. The purpose of this paper was to 1) investigate the frequency of medical tourism, 2) examine the association between medical tourism and CRC screening, and 3) characterize KA patients who engage in medical tourism...
December 1, 2016: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902990/medical-tourism
#3
Joseph H Friedman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2016: Rhode Island Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888818/high-altitude-illness
#4
Anna Hartman-Ksycińska, Jolanta Kluz-Zawadzka, Bogumił Lewandowski
High-altitude illness is a result of prolonged high-altitude exposure of unacclimatized individuals. The illness is seen in the form of acute mountain sickness (AMS) which if not treated leads to potentially life-threatening high altitude pulmonary oedema and high-altitude cerebral oedema. Medical problems are caused by hypobaric hypoxia stimulating hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) release. As a result, the central nervous system, circulation and respiratory system function impairment occurs. The most important factor in AMS treatment is acclimatization, withdrawing further ascent and rest or beginning to descent; oxygen supplementation, and pharmacological intervention, and, if available, a portable hyperbaric chamber...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876457/providers-perspectives-on-inbound-medical-tourism-in-central-america-and-the-caribbean-factors-driving-and-inhibiting-sector-development-and-their-health-equity-implications
#5
Rory Johnston, Valorie A Crooks, Alejandro Cerón, Ronald Labonté, Jeremy Snyder, Emanuel O Núñez, Walter G Flores
BACKGROUND: Many governments and health care providers worldwide are enthusiastic to develop medical tourism as a service export. Despite the popularity of this policy uptake, there is relatively little known about the specific local factors prospectively motivating and informing development of this sector. OBJECTIVE: To identify common social, economic, and health system factors shaping the development of medical tourism in three Central American and Caribbean countries and their health equity implications...
2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845576/assisted-suicide-as-a-remedy-for-suffering-the-end-of-life-preferences-of-british-suicide-tourists
#6
Naomi Richards
The highly charged debate about the moral status of assisted suicide features regularly in the news media in medically advanced countries. In the UK, the debate has been dominated in recent years by a new mode of death: assisted suicide in Switzerland, so-called 'suicide tourism'. Drawing on in-depth interviews with people who were actively planning on 'going to Switzerland', alongside participant-observation at a do-it-yourself self-deliverance workshop, I discuss how participants arrived at their decision to seek professionalized assistance...
November 15, 2016: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843818/the-dire-need-for-primary-care-specialization-in-india-concerns-and-challenges
#7
Nafis Faizi, Najam Khalique, Anees Ahmad, Mohammad Salman Shah
Primary health care is an evidence-based priority, but it is still inadequately supported in many countries. Ironically, on one hand, India is a popular destination for medical tourism due to the affordability of high quality of health care and, on the other hand, ill health and health care are the main reasons for becoming poor through medical poverty traps. Surprisingly, this is despite the fact that India was committed to 'Health for All by 2000' in the past, and is committed to 'Universal Health Coverage' by 2022! Clearly, these commitments are destined to fail unless something is done to improve the present state of affairs...
April 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808056/-mountain-medicine-an-introduction-i
#8
Kasper Fjellhaugen Hjuler, Bjørn Bay
Tourism to high-altitude areas is increasingly popular even from low-lying regions such as Denmark. Mountain sports include skiing, mountaineering, and ski touring. The young, elderly and at-risk individuals with pre-existing illnesses engage in recreational mountain activities. Thus, risk assessment and counselling regarding altitude exposure is increasingly relevant to all healthcare providers. In this first article of two in a review series, we summarize the state of the art of altitude physiology, alpine dangers and avalanches, and medical aspects of the increased UV-exposure at altitude...
October 31, 2016: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795305/carbapenem-resistant-acinetobacter-baumannii-and-enterobacteriaceae-in-south-and-southeast-asia
#9
REVIEW
Li-Yang Hsu, Anucha Apisarnthanarak, Erum Khan, Nuntra Suwantarat, Abdul Ghafur, Paul Anantharajah Tambyah
Carbapenem-resistant Gram-negative bacteria, in particular the Acinetobacter baumannii-calcoaceticus complex and Enterobacteriaceae, are escalating global public health threats. We review the epidemiology and prevalence of these carbapenem-resistant Gram-negative bacteria among countries in South and Southeast Asia, where the rates of resistance are some of the highest in the world. These countries house more than a third of the world's population, and several are also major medical tourism destinations. There are significant data gaps, and the almost universal lack of comprehensive surveillance programs that include molecular epidemiologic testing has made it difficult to understand the origins and extent of the problem in depth...
January 2017: Clinical Microbiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717389/-that-s-enough-patients-for-everyone-local-stakeholders-views-on-attracting-patients-into-barbados-and-guatemala-s-emerging-medical-tourism-sectors
#10
Jeremy Snyder, Valorie A Crooks, Rory Johnston, Alejandro Cerón, Ronald Labonte
BACKGROUND: Medical tourism has attracted considerable interest within the Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) region. Governments in the region tout the economic potential of treating foreign patients while several new private hospitals primarily target international patients. This analysis explores the perspectives of a range of medical tourism sector stakeholders in two LAC countries, Guatemala and Barbados, which are beginning to develop their medical tourism sectors. These perspectives provide insights into how beliefs about international patients are shaping the expanding regional interest in medical tourism...
October 7, 2016: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683650/effective-factors-in-expansion-of-medical-tourism-in-iran
#11
Reza Rezaee, Mehdi Mohammadzadeh
BACKGROUND: Medical tourism (MT) refers to circumstances in which people travel for medical treatments. The present study focuses on determining factors affecting MT in Iran. METHODS: The study uses a mixed method approach. Initially, through a qualitative study, 12 experts were interviewed deeply; then, 22 participants in three equal focus groups expressed their ideas about growth and development of MT in Iran. Based on the expressed ideas, 120 factors were identified and accordingly a structured questionnaire was developed...
2016: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27640117/a-questionnaire-based-assessment-of-numbers-motivation-and-medical-care-of-uk-patients-undergoing-liver-transplant-abroad
#12
Ben Kerr Winter, Anand Odedra, Steve Green
BACKGROUND: Medical tourism, where patients travel abroad intentionally to access medical treatment, is a growing trend. Some of these patients travel to undergo organ transplantation. This study aims to quantify the number of UK patients who undergo liver transplantation abroad, assessing their motivations and management. METHODS: Questionnaires were sent to all seven UK liver transplant units enquiring about liver patients receiving transplant abroad. Included were questions on destination, motivation, and pre and post-transplant care...
September 14, 2016: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27596698/the-dangerous-drugs-act-amendment-in-jamaica-reviewing-goals-implementation-and-challenges
#13
Steven Davenport, Bryce Pardo
BACKGROUND: After decades of internal discussion, the Government of Jamaica recently amended its laws to create a regulated and licensed cannabis industry for medical and scientific purposes. The new law also decriminalizes personal possession and use of cannabis; allows cannabis to be used by individuals for religious, medical, scientific and therapeutic purposes; and permits home cultivation of up to five plants. METHODS: We first describe the statutory changes under the Dangerous Drugs (Amendment) Act of 2015 and compare it with other jurisdictions...
September 2, 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573631/dengue-virus-seroconversion-in-travelers-to-dengue-endemic-areas
#14
Rosemary M Olivero, Davidson H Hamer, William B MacLeod, Christine M Benoit, Carolina Sanchez-Vegas, Emily S Jentes, Lin H Chen, Mary E Wilson, Nina Marano, Emad A Yanni, Winnie W Ooi, Adolf W Karchmer, Laura Kogelman, Elizabeth D Barnett
We conducted a prospective study to measure dengue virus (DENV) antibody seroconversion in travelers to dengue-endemic areas. Travelers seen in the Boston Area Travel Medicine Network planning to visit dengue-endemic countries for ≥ 2 weeks were enrolled from 2009 to 2010. Pre- and post-travel blood samples and questionnaires were collected. Post-travel sera were tested for anti-DENV IgG by indirect IgG enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and anti-DENV IgM by capture IgM ELISA. Participants with positive post-travel anti-DENV IgG or IgM were tested for pre-travel anti-DENV IgG and IgM; they were excluded from the seroconversion calculation if either pre-travel anti-DENV IgG or IgM were positive...
November 2, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27515375/opportunities-for-reproductive-tourism-cost-and-quality-advantages-of-turkey-in-the-provision-of-in-vitro-fertilization-ivf-services
#15
M Said Yildiz, M Mahmud Khan
BACKGROUND: The scale and scope of medical tourism have expanded rapidly over the last few decades. Turkey is becoming an important player in this market because of its relatively better service quality and large comparative cost advantage. METHODS: This paper compares cost, quality and effectiveness of in-vitro fertilization (IVF) in the USA and in Turkey. The data from Turkey were obtained from a hospital specializing in IVF services and the US data came from secondary sources...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27434822/multistate-us-outbreak-of-rapidly-growing-mycobacterial-infections-associated-with-medical-tourism-to-the-dominican-republic-2013-2014-1
#16
David Schnabel, Douglas H Esposito, Joanna Gaines, Alison Ridpath, M Anita Barry, Katherine A Feldman, Jocelyn Mullins, Rachel Burns, Nina Ahmad, Edith N Nyangoma, Duc B Nguyen, Joseph F Perz, Heather A Moulton-Meissner, Bette J Jensen, Ying Lin, Leah Posivak-Khouly, Nisha Jani, Oliver W Morgan, Gary W Brunette, P Scott Pritchard, Adena H Greenbaum, Susan M Rhee, David Blythe, Mark Sotir
During 2013, the Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene in Baltimore, MD, USA, received report of 2 Maryland residents whose surgical sites were infected with rapidly growing mycobacteria after cosmetic procedures at a clinic (clinic A) in the Dominican Republic. A multistate investigation was initiated; a probable case was defined as a surgical site infection unresponsive to therapy in a patient who had undergone cosmetic surgery in the Dominican Republic. We identified 21 case-patients in 6 states who had surgery in 1 of 5 Dominican Republic clinics; 13 (62%) had surgery at clinic A...
August 2016: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27419164/metallo-%C3%AE-lactamase-mbl-producing-enterobacteriaceae-in-united-states-children
#17
Latania K Logan, Robert A Bonomo
Metallo-β-lactamases (MBLs) are emerging as the most notable resistance determinants in Enterobacteriaceae. In many cases, the genes encoding MBLs are part of complex, mobile genetic elements that carry other resistance determinants. In the United States, there are increasing reports of MBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae, with New Delhi MBLs (NDMs) accounting for the majority of transmissible MBL infections. Many infections caused by NDM-producing bacteria are associated with international travel and medical tourism...
April 2016: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27398374/northern-perspectives-on-medical-elective-tourism-a-qualitative-study
#18
Sarah Coke, Ayelet Kuper, Lisa Richardson, Anita Cameron
BACKGROUND: The Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada recognizes education to be necessary for doctors to provide culturally safe care. Communities in northern Canada have large populations of Aboriginal people and other marginalized groups. Our goal was to identify the elements of appropriate predeparture curricula for these medical trainees. METHODS: We conducted our study in Kenora, Ontario. With the help of a core collaborative group and the support of the local Aboriginal Health Access Centre, we interviewed a purposive sample of community members about their interactions with trainees from southern Canada...
April 2016: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27398342/on-the-ethics-of-medical-tourism-an-examination-of-patients-perspectives
#19
Abdullah Sarwar, David Yong Gun Fie, Suhaimi Mhd Sarif, Seyed Rajab Nikhshemi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27397433/antibiotic-resistance-the-need-for-a-global-strategy
#20
David P Elder, Martin Kuentz, René Holm
The development of antibiotic resistance is a major problem for mankind and results in fatal consequences on a daily basis across the globe. There are a number of reasons for this situation including increasing globalization with worldwide travel, health tourism, over use and ineffective use (both in man and animals), and counterfeiting of the antimicrobial drug products we have available currently. Although there are huge economical, demographic, legal and logistic differences among the global communities, there are also differences regarding the best approach to dealing with antibiotic resistance...
August 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
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