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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910462/prehospital-cricothyrotomy-kits-used-in-combat
#1
Steven G Schauer, Michael D April, Cord W Cunningham, Adrianna N Long, Robert Carter
BACKGROUND: Surgical cricothyrotomy remains the only definitive airway management modality for the tactical setting recommended by Tactical Combat Casualty Care guidelines. Some units have fielded commercial cricothyrotomy kits to assist Combat Medics with surgical cricothyrotomy. To our knowledge, no previous publications report data on the use of these kits in combat settings. This series reports the the use of two kits in four patients in the prehospital combat setting. METHODS: Using the Department of Defense Trauma Registry and the Prehospital Trauma Registry, we identified four cases of patients who underwent prehospital cricothyrotomy with the use of commercial kits...
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857641/safety-events-in-high-risk-prehospital-neonatal-calls
#2
Rebecca Duby, Matt Hansen, Garth Meckler, Barbara Skarica, William Lambert, Jeanne-Marie Guise
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to quantify and characterize patient safety events during high-risk neonatal transports in the prehospital setting. METHOD: We conducted a retrospective chart review of all "lights and sirens" ambulance transports of neonates ≤30 days old over a four-year period in a metropolitan area. Each case was independently reviewed for potential patient safety events that may have occurred in clinical assessment and decision making, resuscitation, airway management, fluid or medication administration, procedures performed, and/or equipment used...
August 31, 2017: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742797/a-comparison-of-selective-aortic-arch-perfusion-and-resuscitative-endovascular-balloon-occlusion-of-the-aorta-for-the-management-of-hemorrhage-induced-traumatic-cardiac-arrest-a-translational-model-in-large-swine
#3
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Ed B G Barnard, James E Manning, Jason E Smith, Jason M Rall, Jennifer M Cox, James D Ross
BACKGROUND: Survival rates remain low after hemorrhage-induced traumatic cardiac arrest (TCA). Noncompressible torso hemorrhage (NCTH) is a major cause of potentially survivable trauma death. Resuscitative Endovascular Balloon Occlusion of the Aorta (REBOA) at the thoracic aorta (Zone 1) can limit subdiaphragmatic blood loss and allow for IV fluid resuscitation when intrinsic cardiac activity is still present. Selective Aortic Arch Perfusion (SAAP) combines thoracic aortic balloon hemorrhage control with intra-aortic oxygenated perfusion to achieve return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) when cardiac arrest has occurred...
July 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615900/predictors-of-outcome-in-children-with-status-epilepticus-during-resuscitation-in-pediatric-emergency-department-a-retrospective-observational-study
#4
Indumathy Santhanam, Sangeetha Yoganathan, V Akila Sivakumar, Rubini Ramakrishnamurugan, Sharada Sathish, Murali Thandavarayan
OBJECTIVES: To study the clinical profile and predictors of outcome in children with status epilepticus (SE) during resuscitation in pediatric emergency department. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study was carried out in a tertiary care teaching hospital. Admission and resuscitation data of children, aged between 1 month and 12 years, treated for SE, between September 2013 and August 2014, were extracted using a standard data collection form. Our SE management protocol had employed a modified pediatric assessment triangle to recognize and treat acute respiratory failure, cardiovascular dysfunction (CD), and subtle SE until all parameters resolved...
April 2017: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611887/derivation-and-validation-of-the-prehospital-difficult-airway-identificationtool-predait-a-predictive-model-for-difficult-intubation
#5
Jestin N Carlson, David Hostler, Francis X Guyette, Mark Pinchalk, Christian Martin-Gill
INTRODUCTION: Endotracheal intubation (ETI) in the prehospital setting poses unique challenges where multiple ETI attempts are associated with adverse patient outcomes. Early identification of difficult ETI cases will allow providers to tailor airway-management efforts to minimize complications associated with ETI. We sought to derive and validate a prehospital difficult airway identification tool based on predictors of difficult ETI in other settings. METHODS: We prospectively collected patient and airway data on all airway attempts from 16 Advanced Life Support (ALS) ground emergency medical services (EMS) agencies from January 2011 to October 2014...
June 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599052/tccc-updates-two-decades-of-saving-lives-on-the-battlefield-tactical-combat-casualty-care-turns-20
#6
Frank K Butler
BACKGROUND: Twenty years ago, the original Tactical Combat Casualty Care (TCCC) article was published in this journal. Since TCCC is essentially a set of bestpractice prehospital trauma care guidelines customized for use on the battlefield, the presence of a journal with a specific focus on military medicine was a profound benefit to the initial presentation of TCCC to the US Military. METHODS: In the two ensuing decades, which included the longest continuous period of armed conflict in our nation's history, TCCC steadily evolved as the prehospital trauma care evidence base was augmented and as feedback from user medics, corpsmen, and pararescuemen was obtained...
December 0: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435902/emergency-medical-service-personnel-need-to-improve-knowledge-and-attitude-regarding-prehospital-sepsis-care
#7
Joongmin Park, Sung Yeon Hwang, Tae Gun Shin, Ik Joon Jo, Hee Yoon, Tae Rim Lee, Won Chul Cha, Min Seob Sim
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the knowledge and attitudes of emergency medical service (EMS) personnel pertaining to sepsis. We also compared EMS personnel's knowledge of sepsis and their intention to engage in prehospital sepsis management. METHODS: The survey was conducted during education conferences for EMS personnel in December 2013 and January 2015 in Seoul, Korea. The questionnaire composed of 10 questions relevant to sepsis, was distributed on-scene, and was retrieved by investigators after the conference...
March 2017: Clinical and Experimental Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290925/two-decades-of-saving-lives-on-the-battlefield-tactical-combat-casualty-care-turns-20
#8
Frank K Butler
BACKGROUND: Twenty years ago, the original Tactical Combat Casualty Care (TCCC) article was published in this journal. Since TCCC is essentially a set of best-practice prehospital trauma care guidelines customized for use on the battlefield, the presence of a journal with a specific focus on military medicine was a profound benefit to the initial presentation of TCCC to the U.S. Military. METHODS: In the two ensuing decades, which included the longest continuous period of armed conflict in our nation's history, TCCC steadily evolved as the prehospital trauma care evidence base was augmented and as feedback from user medics, corpsmen, and pararescuemen was obtained...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159434/-and-if-it-happened-to-children-adapting-medical-care-during-terrorist-attacks-with-multiple-pediatric-victims
#9
L Alix-Séguin, N Lodé, G Orliaguet, E Chamorro, F Kerroué, C Lorge, A Moreira
In light of the recent terrorist attacks in Europe, we need to reconsider the organization of rescue and medical management and plan for an attack involving multiple pediatric victims. To ensure quick surgical management, but also to minimize risk for on-site teams (direct threats from secondary terrorist attacks targeting deployed emergency services), it is crucial to evacuate patients in a swift but orderly fashion. Children are vulnerable targets in terrorist attacks. Their anatomical and physiological characteristics make it likely that pediatric victims will suffer more brain injuries and require more, often advanced, airway management...
March 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137493/prehospital-nsaids-use-prolong-hospitalization-in-patients-with-pleuro-pulmonary-infection
#10
Ourania S Kotsiou, Sotirios G Zarogiannis, Konstantinos I Gourgoulianis
OBJECTIVE: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) pre-hospitalization consumption might affect the course of pneumonia. We opted to assess the potential effects of pre-hospitalization use of NSAIDs in patients with pleuropulmonary infection in the context of the duration of hospitalization. METHODS: A prospective observational study of 57 consecutive patients with a diagnosis of pneumonia and parapneumonic pleural effusion was conducted. The exact medication history the previous fifteen days was recorded...
February 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942784/-introduction-of-prehospital-emergency-ultrasound-into-an-emergency-medical-service-area
#11
C Weilbach, A Kobiella, N Rahe-Meyer, K Johanning
BACKGROUND: Emergency ultrasound as part of the provision of emergency medical services using mobile devices offers great benefits regarding to some important questions related to the management of critically ill and injured patients in the prehospital situation where diagnostic resources are limited. The aim of this study is to determine whether the comprehensive introduction of prehospital emergency ultrasound examinations into a German Emergency Medical Services ("rescue services") area is both feasible and beneficial for patients...
January 2017: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891283/streptococcus-intermedius-causing-necrotizing-pneumonia-in-an-immune-competent-female-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#12
Faris Hannoodi, Israa Ali, Hussam Sabbagh, Sarwan Kumar
We report a case of a 52-year-old immunocompetent Caucasian female treated for necrotizing Streptococcus intermedius pneumonia and review available literature of similar cases. Our patient presented with respiratory failure and required hospitalization and treatment in the intensive care unit. Moreover, she required surgical drainage of right lung empyema as well as decortication and resection. The review of literature revealed three cases of S. intermedius pneumonia, one of which was a mortality. Comparison of the published cases showed a highly varied prehospital course and radiological presentations, with a symptomatic phase ranging from 10 days to five months...
2016: Case Reports in Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832978/current-practice-of-hypoglycemia-management-in-the-ed
#13
Matthew H Bilhimer, Cierra N Treu, Nicole M Acquisto
PURPOSE: To characterize hypoglycemia management and identify characteristics associated with refractory (need for additional treatment following initial management) and recurrent (adequate initial treatment followed by blood glucose [BG] ≤50 mg/dL) hypoglycemia. METHODS: Retrospective review of adult emergency department (ED) patients who presented to a large academic medical center with hypoglycemia (BG ≤ 50 mg/dL) between January 2011 and July 2015. Data collection focused on BG measurements and treatment practices...
January 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658942/algorithm-for-activation-of-coagulation-support-treatment-in-multiple-injured-patients-cohort-study
#14
D Brilej, D Stropnik, R Lefering, R Komadina
BACKGROUND: Early recognition and management of trauma related coagulopathy improves the outcome. Trauma facilities should implement an algorithm to identify the bleeding trauma patient with coagulopathy. OBJECTIVE: The scope of the paper is to identify the indicators of early coagulopathy and to optimize the indications for thromboelastometry and coagulation support. DESIGN: Cohort study based on data from trauma registry. SETTING: Data of 493 major trauma patients treated in GH Celje from 2006 to 2014 were included into The TraumaRegister DGU(®) (TR-DGU)...
August 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27496231/identification-of-adults-with-sepsis-in-the-prehospital-environment-a-systematic-review
#15
Michael A Smyth, Samantha J Brace-McDonnell, Gavin D Perkins
OBJECTIVE: Early identification of sepsis could enable prompt delivery of key interventions such as fluid resuscitation and antibiotic administration which, in turn, may lead to improved patient outcomes. Limited data indicate that recognition of sepsis by paramedics is often poor. We systematically reviewed the literature on prehospital sepsis screening tools to determine whether they improved sepsis recognition. DESIGN: Systematic review. The electronic databases MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, the Cochrane Library and PubMed were systematically searched up to June 2015...
August 5, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27393760/management-of-septic-shock-in-the-remote-prehospital-setting
#16
Emma Lucy Joynes, Jodie Martin, Mark Ross
This study aims to assess the management of septic shock by air medical retrieval teams in the remote setting. A retrospective observational study was performed over 36 months. Sixty-seven adult patients who met the criteria for septic shock were included. Respiratory sepsis was the working diagnosis for 53% of patients; this was confirmed on intensive care unit (ICU) discharge in 39% of patients. Intravenous antibiotics and oxygen were delivered in over 90% of patients. Central and arterial line insertions were performed in 48% and 40% of patients, respectively, and 79% of patients were catheterized...
July 2016: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27002277/use-of-the-glidescope-ranger-video-laryngoscope-for-emergency-intubation-in-the-prehospital-setting-a-randomized-control-trial
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Helmut Trimmel, Janett Kreutziger, Robert Fitzka, Stephan Szüts, Christoph Derdak, Elisabeth Koch, Boris Erwied, Wolfgang G Voelckel
OBJECTIVES: We sought to assess whether the GlideScope Ranger video laryngoscope may be a reliable alternative to direct laryngoscopy in the prehospital setting. DESIGN: Multicenter, prospective, randomized, control trial with patient recruitment over 18 months. SETTING: Four study centers operating physician-staffed rescue helicopters or ground units in Austria and Norway. PATIENTS: Adult emergency patients requiring endotracheal intubation...
July 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26864327/prehospital-management-and-identification-of-sepsis-by-emergency-medical-services-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Daniel Lane, Robbie I Ichelson, Ian R Drennan, Damon C Scales
OBJECTIVE: To identify studies describing the accuracy of prehospital sepsis identification and to summarise results of studies of prehospital management of patients with sepsis, severe sepsis or septic shock. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review to retrieve studies that evaluated the prehospital identification or treatment of patients with sepsis by emergency medical services (EMS). Two authors extracted data describing the study characteristics, incidence of sepsis among EMS-transported patients, criteria used to identify sepsis and specific treatments provided to patients with sepsis...
June 2016: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26719966/indication-bias-explains-some-of-the-observed-increased-mortality-associated-with-use-of-prehospital-intravenous-fluids-in-a-pediatric-trauma-population
#19
Tabitha Garwe, Jeremy J Johnson, Robert W Letton
OBJECTIVES: Traditionally, in both pediatric and adult trauma patients, management of hemorrhage and shock has included early rapid intravenous fluid (IVF) replacement at the scene or during transport to a definitive care facility. Because prehospital resuscitation can be considered as a lifesaving intervention, severely injured patients are more likely to receive IVF. Observational studies not adequately adjusting for this confounding by indication (indication bias) while evaluating the impact of prehospital IVF on mortality in clinically heterogeneous patient populations are likely to find an increased mortality associated with the use of prehospital IVF, an association that may be spurious even after traditional multivariable risk adjustment...
January 2016: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26680137/prehospital-interventions-in-severely-injured-pediatric-patients-rethinking-the-abcs
#20
Kyle K Sokol, George E Black, Kenneth S Azarow, William Long, Matthew J Martin, Matthew J Eckert
BACKGROUND: The current conflict in Afghanistan has resulted in a high volume of significantly injured pediatric patients. The austere environment has demanded emphasis on prehospital interventions (PHIs) to sustain casualties during transport. METHODS: The Department of Defense Trauma Registry was queried for all pediatric patients (≤18 years) treated at Camp Bastion from 2004 to 2012. PHIs were grouped by Advanced Trauma Life Support categories into (1) airway (A)--intubation or surgical airway; 2) breathing (B)--chest tube or needle thoracostomy; and 3) circulation (C)--tourniquet or hemostatic dressing...
December 2015: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
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