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William L Baker
Magnesium is the fourth most abundant cation in the human body and is the second most prevalent cation in intracellular tissues. Myocardial cell action potentials are mediated by voltage-dependent Na(+), K(+), and Ca(2+ )channels which, when their function is altered, can lead to the genesis of cardiac dysrythmias. Magnesium regulates the movement of ions through these channels within myocardial tissues. The potential ability of magnesium supplementation to prevent and/or treat arrhythmias has been recognized in clinical medicine for years...
September 15, 2016: European Heart Journal. Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy
I O Ditkivskiy
Efficacy and security of transcutaneous closure for secondary defect of interatrial septum (DIAS) in 299 patients, using occluders, were studied. Cardiac dysrythmia was the most frequent complication--in 10 (3.3%) patients, the apparatus shift was noted in 4 (1.3%), in 1 (0.3%)--the air embolism of right parts of the heart have occurred. In 289 (98.2%) patients normalization of right parts of heart was achieved. In 84.4% of patients the absence of a residual shunt immediately after the procedure was observed, before the check-out from the hospital--in 89...
February 2016: Klinichna Khirurhiia
Murat Dursun, Emin Ozbek, Alper Otunctemur, Suleyman Sahin, Suleyman Sami Cakir
AIM OF THE STUDY: We compared stone size, localization, complaint at the time of applying, comorbidity, treatment and complications between older (60 years of age and older) and younger patients with urolithiasis (59 years of age and younger). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of 950 consecutive patients who presented to our clinic and underwent surgery for urolithiasis from January 2007 to March 2012. The patients were divided into two groups: patients ≥ 60 years an patients < 60 years...
December 2014: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
Francis Veyckemans, Mona Momeni
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: There is a strong pressure to widen the indications of ambulatory anaesthesia in children. Making a decision concerning a child with a history of cardiac disease is often difficult. The aim of this review is to give practical recommendations to help the anaesthesiologist recognize potentially dangerous situations in children with a history of cardiac disease. RECENT FINDINGS: The anaesthetic care of a child with a history of heart disease presenting for an ambulatory procedure includes three steps: understanding the pathophysiology of the child's current haemodynamic status, checking whether he/she is actually eligible for outpatient anaesthesia and planning the safest anaesthetic plan, accordingly...
December 2013: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
Adam Gąsiorowski, Jacek Dutkiewicz
Chronic heart failure (CHF) is a complex disease process connected with cardiovascular system as well as other organs and skeletal muscles. In connection with the above, cardiac rehabilitation, consisting of exercise training and diet supplementation, aims at recovery of physical, social and psychic function and removing risk factors influencing the occurrence of circulatory system diseases. Evidence has shown that exercise training in CHF patients, both aerobic and resistance, can increase peak oxygen consumption and exercise capacity, improve NYHA (New York Heart Association) functional class, reduce mortality and improve the quality of life...
2013: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
Wadu Arachchige Dharshika Lakmali Amarasiri, Arunasalam Pathmeswaran, Arjuna Priyadharshin de Silva, Anuradha Supun Dassanayake, Channa Dhammika Ranasinha, Hithanadura Janaka de Silva
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Asthmatics have abnormal esophageal motility and increased prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). The contribution of gastric motility is less studied. We studied gastric myoelectrical activity, gastric emptying (GE) and their association with GERD symptoms and vagal function in adult asthmatics. METHODS: Thirty mild, stable asthmatics and 30 healthy controls underwent real-time ultrasonography and 1 hour pre- and post-prandial cutaneous electrogastrography, following a test meal (480 kcal, 60% carbohydrate, 20% protein, 20% fat and 200 mL water)...
July 2013: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
Delphine Magis, Alessandro Vigano, Simona Sava, Tullia Sasso d'Elia, Jean Schoenen, Gianluca Coppola
BACKGROUND: Primary headaches are functional neurological diseases characterized by a dynamic cyclic pattern over time (ictal/pre-/interictal). Electrophysiological recordings can non-invasively assess the activity of an underlying nervous structure or measure its response to various stimuli, and are therefore particularly appropriate for the study of primary headaches. Their interest, however, is chiefly pathophysiological, as interindividual, and to some extent intraindividual, variations preclude their use as diagnostic tools...
June 2013: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
C Pérez-Caballero Macarrón, E Sobrino Ruiz, J Burgos Flores, Jl Vázquez Martínez, A Coca Pérez, E Alvarez Rojas, Jj Sánchez Ruas
INTRODUCTION: The management of patients with Fontan physiology who undergo scoliosis surgery is difficult. The purpose of this article was to describe our experience in the management of patients with Fontan circulation undergoing spinal surgery for correction of scoliosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study including patients with Fontan physiology who underwent spinal orthopaedic surgery. Anaesthetic management, post-operative complications, paediatric intensive care unit and total hospital stay, and the need for blood transfusions were analysed...
February 2014: Cardiology in the Young
Éric Pautas, Clara Lopez, Adeline Gouronnec, Sophie Gravelaine, Isabelle Peyron, Frédéric Lapostolle
The indications for digoxin are currently limited to rare cases of heart failure and/or atrial fibrillation. Its use should be even more rare in geriatrics its pharmacological characteristics, associated with age-related changes and comorbidities, particularly increase the risk of digoxin poisoning in the elderly. However, at least a third of aged patients suffering from heart failure and/or atrial fibrillation is treated by digitalis. Digoxin intoxication can provoke gastrointestinal troubles, neurological disturbances and, above all, cardiac conduction impairment and dysrythmias, which explain its severity and high mortality rate...
December 2012: Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement
Wang Jian, Liu Heng, Qi Qing Hui
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of Da-Cheng-Qi-Tang (DCQT) on the gastrointestinal motility after abdominal surgery in humans. METHODOLOGY: Thirty-three patients with abdominal surgery and 36 patients with cholecystectomy were divided into DCQT and control groups at random. Electrogastrography (EGG) and antroduodenojejunal manometry were performed and the level of plasma ghrelin were measured by ELISA. RESULTS: On the operative day, the ratio of EGG normal slow waves in DCQT group was higher than in control group (p<0...
November 2011: Hepato-gastroenterology
Kurt Vanhoutte, Carlo de Asmundis, Anna Francesconi, Jurgen Figysl, Griet Steurs, Tim Boussy, Markus Roos, Andreas Mueller, Lucio Massimo, Gaetano Paparella, Kristien Van Caelenberg, Gian Battista Chierchia, Andrea Sarkozy, Pedro Brugada Y Terradellas, Martin Zizi
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a frequent chronic dysrythmia with an incidence that increases with age (>40). Because of its medical and socio-economic impacts it is expected to become an increasing burden on most health care systems. AF is a multi-factorial disease for which the identification of subtypes is warranted. Novel approaches based on the broad concepts of systems biology may overcome the blurred notion of normal and pathological phenotype, which is inherent to high throughput molecular arrays analysis...
2009: Bioinformation
Claudia Sánchez Bravo, Silvia Esther Rodríguez Colorado, Jorge Carreño Meléndez, Pilar Meza Rodríguez, Hortensia Zámano Segura
BACKGROUND: One difficulty that a woman with urinary incontinence faces up is quality and control of her sexual life, the more it is complicated the more it affects her in different ways. These complications require, as well as medical treatment, evaluation and special psychological intervention to integrally recovery. OBJECTIVE: To know frequency and origin of sexual disturbances in women with urinary incontinence. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Demographical, confirmatory, descriptive, transversal, retrospective with non-experimental design study...
November 2008: Ginecología y Obstetricia de México
Mahrukh Zahoor, Muhammed Mafsheen Iqbal, Shahab Naqvi, Azhar Rasheed, S Afzal Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) on one hand allows controlled haemodynamics with superior graft quality while on the other hand carries inherent risks of CPB which has renewed interest in Off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB). Haemodynamic instability and intraoperative dysrythmias are major procedural complications of OPCAB, threatening conversion to emergency on-pump surgery. The purpose of this study was to compare intraoperative dysrythmias and inotropic use for haemodynamic stabilization during OPCAB surgery against conventional CABG...
January 2008: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1948: Acta Paediatrica
F R Schwartz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1976: Western Journal of Medicine
Timothy W Stark, Jessica Seebauer, Bruce Walker, Neal McGurk, Jeff Cooley
BACKGROUND: This case features an 18-year-old female with glenohumeral dysrhythmia and subluxation-relocation patterns. This unusual case highlights the need for careful examination and consideration to the anatomical structures involved.Conventional approaches to shoulder examination include range of motion, orthopaedic tests and manual resistance tests. We also assessed the patient's cognitive ability to coordinate muscle function. With this type of assessment we found that co-contraction of local muscle groups seemed to initially improve the patients abnormal shoulder motion...
2007: Chiropractic & Osteopathy
Kim Ticehurst, Sanaa Zaki, Kieren Maddern, Amy Lingard, Vanessa Barrs, Richard Malik
A 14-year-old neutered male domestic shorthaired cat was presented to the University Veterinary Centre Sydney for evaluation and treatment of dental disease. This cat developed an unusual bradyarrhythmia under anaesthesia. The possible causes and treatment of the dysrythmia are discussed.
December 2007: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Jennifer C Gidley Larson, Stewart H Mostofsky, Melissa C Goldberg, Laurie E Cutting, Martha B Denckla, E Mark Mahone
Few studies have contrasted performance of typically developing boys and girls on standardized motor assessment. In the present study, developmental status of the motor system was assessed in 144 typically developing children (72 boys, 72 girls, ages 7-14), using the Physical and Neurological Examination for Subtle Signs (PANESS, Denckla, 1985). Four summary variables were examined: (1) Gaits and Stations, (2) Overflow, (3) Dysrythmia, and (4) Timed Movements. For most variables, gender differences were not significant; however significant gender effects were observed for some subtle signs (involuntary movements), gaits and stations, and timed patterned movements...
2007: Developmental Neuropsychology
Qing Hui Qi, Jian Wang, Guo Gang Liang, Xian Zhong Wu
In order to examine the effects of Da-Cheng-Qi-Tang (DCQT) on gastrointestinal motility functions after abdominal surgery in humans, 33 patients with abdominal surgeries and 36 patients with cholecystectomies were divided into the DCQT and the control groups at random. Electrogastrography (EGG) and gastroduodenojejunal manometry was performed and the levels of plasma motilin were measured by radioimmunoassay. The results were as follows: (1) on the day of surgery, the ratio of EGG normal frequency in the DCQT group was higher than in the control group (P=0...
June 2007: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
Rohit Gupta, Seth Kaufman
Already the major cause of mortality in the United States, cardio-vascular emergencies will become increasingly prevalent in the future as the geriatric population doubles. This article discusses five cardiovascular emergencies: acute coronary syndrome, congestive heart failure, dysrythmias, aortic dissection, and ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm. The discussion focuses on the differences in presentation, management, and outcomes that characterize each disease amongst the elderly. As a rule, the elderly have significantly worse outcomes than younger patients...
May 2006: Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America
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