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Accelerated vaccination against japanese encephalitis

Shaobo Wang, Yang Liu, Jiao Guo, Peilin Wang, Leike Zhang, Gengfu Xiao, Wei Wang
Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), an arthropod-borne flavivirus, is a major cause of acute viral encephalitis in humans. There is no approved drug available for JEV-specific treatment, and the vaccines are not effective against all clinical JEV isolates. Herein, a high-throughput screening was performed against JEV from an FDA-approved drug library. Five hit drugs were identified that inhibited JEV infection with a selective index > 10. Antiviral activities of these five hit drugs against other flavivirus, including Zika virus, were also validated...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Virology
Catherine Goujon
The recommendations on travelers' immunizations are regularly evolving in accordance with the data of clinical studies and the epidemiological situation in the world. The recent changes concern the schedule of injections: primovaccination DTCaPolio of children and boosters for adults, accelerated schedule of Japanese encephalitis and hepatitis B immunization, preexposure rabies immunization and vaccination against yellow fever; and the indications of poliomyelitis vaccine, immunization of children against Japanese encephalitis and conjugated vaccines against meningococcal meningitis...
April 2015: La Revue du Praticien
Tomas Jelinek, Gerd D Burchard, Sebastian Dieckmann, Silja B├╝hler, Maria Paulke-Korinek, Hans D Nothdurft, Emil Reisinger, Khaleel Ahmed, Dietrich Bosse, Seetha Meyer, Marco Costantini, Michele Pellegrini
BACKGROUND: The current Japanese encephalitis (JE) vaccination regimen requires two doses and 4 weeks to complete, which may not always be feasible for travelers on short notice. One of the primary endpoints of this phase III study was to demonstrate noninferiority of immune responses to a JE vaccine following an accelerated 1-week JE vaccination regimen administered concomitantly with a rabies vaccine as compared to a standard 4-week JE regimen alone. In addition, the immunogenicity of concomitant administration of JE and rabies vaccines following standard regimens was evaluated, as well as the tolerability and safety profile of each regimen under study...
July 2015: Journal of Travel Medicine
A K Broom, M J Wallace, J S Mackenzie, D W Smith, R A Hall
In northwestern Australia, the flavivirus Murray Valley encephalitis (MVE) poses a significant health risk to infants in some aboriginal communities, particularly during each wet season. While there are too few cases to warrant the development of a vaccine against MVE, a safe, effective prophylaxis for these children is still urgently required. The use of passive transfer of human gamma globulin to MVE or immunisation with a vaccine to the closely related Japanese encephalitis (JE) virus were investigated as potential strategies...
June 2000: Journal of Medical Virology
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