keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Err

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212414/decline-in-infection-related-morbidities-following-drug-mediated-reductions-in-the-intensity-of-schistosoma-infection-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Gisele Andrade, David J Bertsch, Andrea Gazzinelli, Charles H King
BACKGROUND: Since 1984, WHO has endorsed drug treatment to reduce Schistosoma infection and its consequent morbidity. Cross-sectional studies suggest pre-treatment correlation between infection intensity and risk for Schistosoma-related pathology. However, evidence also suggests that post-treatment reduction in intensity may not reverse morbidity because some morbidities occur at all levels of infection, and some reflect permanent tissue damage. The aim of this project was to systematically review evidence on drug-based control of schistosomiasis and to develop a quantitative estimate of the impact of post-treatment reductions in infection intensity on prevalence of infection-associated morbidity...
February 17, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209382/err%C3%AE-a-junior-orphan-with-a-senior-role-in-metabolism
#2
REVIEW
Jagannath Misra, Don-Kyu Kim, Hueng-Sik Choi
Estrogen-related receptor (ERR)γ is an orphan nuclear hormone receptor that belongs to the ERR subfamily of transcription factors. No endogenous ligand has been identified to date. ERRγ possesses ligand-independent transcriptional activity that is regulated by co-regulator interactions, and post-translational modifications (PTMs). Recent data from animal models have established ERRγ as a crucial mediator of multiple endocrine and metabolic signals. ERRγ plays important roles in pathological conditions such as insulin resistance, alcoholic liver injury, and cardiac hypertrophy, and controls energy metabolism in the heart, skeletal muscle, and pancreatic β cells...
February 13, 2017: Trends in Endocrinology and Metabolism: TEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199274/seven-step-pathway-for-preventing-errors-in-healthcare
#3
Rebin Zikhani
The Institute of Medicine's 1999 report To Err Is Human shed light on the grave consequences of medical errors and led to a substantial increase in awareness in the federal government and private sector regarding medical errors. In addition, the literature contains myriad solutions, strategies, and recommendations for dealing with this problem; however, because of their complexity and inflexibility, most cannot be implemented and are inapplicable on an individual level. This essay proposes a seven-step pathway for preventing errors-a flexible, feasible, and organized method that can be used by healthcare administrators and providers...
July 2016: Journal of Healthcare Management / American College of Healthcare Executives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196562/deference-to-expertise-making-care-safer
#4
Gwendolyn Cherese Godlock, Rebecca Suzie Miltner, Dori Taylor Sullivan
Since the seminal report by the Institute of Medicine, To Err Is Human, was issued in 1999, significant efforts across the health care industry have been launched to improve the safety and quality of patient care. Recent advances in the safety of health care delivery have included commitment to creating high-reliability organizations (HROs) to enhance existing quality improvement activities. This article will explore key elements of the HRO concept of deference to expertise, describe the structural elements that support nurses and other personnel in speaking up, and provide examples of practical, evidence-based tools to help organizations support and encourage all members of the health care team to speak up...
February 1, 2017: Creative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193497/i-act-therefore-i-err-eeg-correlates-of-success-and-failure-in-a-virtual-throwing-game
#5
Boris Yazmir, Miriam Reiner
What are the neural responses to success and failure in a throwing task? To answer this question, we compared Event Related Potentials (ERPs) correlated with success and failure during a highly-ecological-virtual game. Participants played a tennis-like game in an immersive 3D virtual world, against a computer player, by controlling a virtual tennis racket with a force feedback robotic arm. Results showed that success, i.e. hitting the target, and failure, by missing the target, evoked ERP's that differ by peak, latencies, scalp signal distributions, sLORETA source estimation, and time-frequency patterns...
February 10, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185075/paediatric-patient-safety-and-the-need-for-aviation-black-box-thinking-to-learn-from-and-prevent-medication-errors
#6
Chi Huynh, Ian C K Wong, Jo Correa-West, David Terry, Suzanne McCarthy
Since the publication of To Err Is Human: Building a Safer Health System in 1999, there has been much research conducted into the epidemiology, nature and causes of medication errors in children, from prescribing and supply to administration. It is reassuring to see growing evidence of improving medication safety in children; however, based on media reports, it can be seen that serious and fatal medication errors still occur. This critical opinion article examines the problem of medication errors in children and provides recommendations for research, training of healthcare professionals and a culture shift towards dealing with medication errors...
February 10, 2017: Paediatric Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170314/heart-disease-mortality-in-the-life-span-study-1950-2008
#7
Ikuno Takahashi, Yukiko Shimizu, Eric J Grant, John Cologne, Kotaro Ozasa, Kazunori Kodama
Based on the findings from the Radiation Effects Research Foundation's studies of the cohort of Japanese atomic bomb survivors, it has been reported that total-body irradiation at 0.5-1.0 Gy could be responsible for increased rates of mortality from broad-based categories of cardiovascular disease (CVD), i.e., stroke and heart disease. However, CVD consists of various subtypes that have potentially different radiation dose responses, as well as subtype-specific risks that have not been fully evaluated. Potential problems with changes in the coding rules for the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) and the underlying causes and trends in CVD mortality in Japan also need to be considered...
February 7, 2017: Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161688/exploring-health-education-with-midwives-as-perceived-by-pregnant-women-in-primary-care-a-qualitative-study-in-the-netherlands
#8
Ruth Baron, Querine Heesterbeek, Judith Manniën, Eileen K Hutton, Johannes Brug, Marjan J Westerman
OBJECTIVE: to explore the experiences, wishes and needs of pregnant women with respect to health education in primary care with midwives. DESIGN: qualitative semi-structured interview study, using thematic analysis and constant comparison. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: twenty-two pregnant women in midwife-led primary care, varying in socio-demographic characteristics, weeks of pregnancy and region of residence in the Netherlands, were interviewed between April and December 2013...
January 21, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126024/efficacy-and-safety-of-praziquantel-40%C3%A2-mg-kg-in-preschool-aged-and-school-aged-children-a-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Julien Zwang, Piero Olliaro
BACKGROUND: Children carry most of the schistosomiasis burden. While school-aged children are the principal target group of preventive chemotherapy with praziquantel, limited information on efficacy and safety exists for preschool-aged children. METHODS: Here, we conducted a meta-analysis of clinical trials of praziquantel for treating children with any form of schistosomiasis. Efficacy was reported as cure rate (CR) and egg reduction rates (ERR); statistical corrections were applied based on methodological disparities across trials to derive the predicted geometrical mean ERR (pERRgm)...
January 26, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119057/immunohistochemical-profiling-of-estrogen-related-receptor-gamma-in-rat-brain-and-colocalization-with-estrogen-receptor-alpha-in-the-preoptic-area
#10
Takashi Tanida, Ken Ichi Matsuda, Shunji Yamada, Mitsuhiro Kawata, Masaki Tanaka
Estrogen-related receptor (ERR) is a member of the nuclear receptor superfamily that has strong homology with estrogen receptor (ER) α. Despite the lack of endogenous ligands, ERR serves as transcription factors through their constitutively active structure with or without interaction with ERα. Among the three subtypes of ERR (α, β, and γ), ERRγ is highly expressed in brain, but the distribution of ERRγ is poorly characterized. Therefore, we investigated ERRγ immunoreactivity throughout the rostro-caudal axis in rat brain...
January 21, 2017: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102944/a-simple-and-robust-trajectory-based-stereotactic-radiosurgery-treatment
#11
Byron Wilson, Karl Otto, Ermias Gete
INTRODUCTION: We present a Trajectory-based Volumetric Modulated Arc Therapy (TVMAT) technique for Stereotactic Radiosurgery (SRS) that takes advantage of a modern linacs ability to modulate dose rate and move the couch dynamically. In addition, we investigate the quality of the developed TVMAT method and the dosimetric accuracy of the technique. METHODS: The main feature of the TVMAT technique is a standard beam trajectory formed by dynamic motion of the treatment couch and the linac gantry...
January 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094344/estrogen-related-receptor-is-required-for-the-testicular-development-and-for-the-normal-sperm-axoneme-mitochondrial-derivatives-in-drosophila-males
#12
Snigdha Misra, Anuj Kumar Pandey, Snigdha Gupta, Ajay Kumar, Priyanka Khanna, Jai Shankar, Kristipati Ravi Ram
Estrogen related receptors (ERRs), categorized as orphan nuclear receptors, are critical for energy homeostasis and somatic development. However, significance of ERRs in the development of reproductive organs/organelles/cells remain poorly understood, albeit their homology to estrogen receptors. In this context, here, we show that knockdown of ERR in the testes leads to improperly developed testes with mis-regulation of genes (aly, mia, bruce, bam, bgcn, fzo and eya) involved in spermatogenesis, resulting in reduced male fertility...
January 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060982/-ethical-dilemmas-about-disclosure-of-errors-in-medicine
#13
Sebastián Lavanderos, Juan Pedraza, Moisés Russo N, Sofía P Salas
Since the publication of the Institute of Medicine’s report “To Err is Human: Building a Safer Health System” awareness of the importance of medical errors has increased. These are a major cause of morbidity and mortality and recent studies suggest that they can be the third leading cause of death in the United States. Difficulties have been identified by health personnel to prevent, detect and disclose to patients the occurrence of a medical error, an also to report them to the appropriate authorities. Although human error cannot be eliminated, it is possible to design safety systems to mitigate their frequency and consequences...
September 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039389/low-efficacy-of-albendazole-against-trichuris-trichiura-infection-in-schoolchildren-from-port-elizabeth-south-africa
#14
Ivan Müller, Lindsey Beyleveld, Markus Gerber, Uwe Pühse, Rosa du Randt, Jürg Utzinger, Leyli Zondie, Cheryl Walter, Peter Steinmann
BACKGROUND: Albendazole is one of two standard drugs for the control of soil-transmitted helminthiasis. METHODS: A total of 149 schoolchildren from Port Elizabeth, South Africa, were examined for soil-transmitted helminth infections using duplicate Kato-Katz thick smears before and 2 weeks after administration of albendazole (400 mg). RESULTS: Trichuris trichiura was the predominant soil-transmitted helminth species (prevalence 60.4%), followed by Ascaris lumbricoides (47...
December 29, 2016: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030557/anthropometric-improvement-among-hiv-infected-pre-school-children-following-initiation-of-first-line-anti-retroviral-therapy-implications-for-follow-up
#15
Atnafu Mekonnen Tekleab, Birkneh Tilahun Tadesse, Ababi Zergaw Giref, Damte Shimelis, Meseret Gebre
BACKGROUND: Antiretroviral therapy (ART) is a lifesaving intervention for HIV infected children. There is a scarcity of data on immunological recovery and its relation with growth indicators among HIV infected young children. The current study aims to assess the pattern of anthropometric Z-score improvement following initiation of first-line ART among under-five children and the relationship between anthropometric Z-score improvement and immunologic recovery. METHODS: We included under-five children who were on first-line ART at five major hospitals in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024757/expression-of-inflammatory-cytokines-and-chemokines-in-replanted-permanent-teeth-with-external-root-resorption
#16
Juliana Vilela Bastos, Tarcilia A Silva, Enrico A Colosimo, Maria Ilma S Côrtes, Daniela Augusta B Ferreira, Eugenio Marcos A Goulart, Ricardo S Gomez, Walderez O Dutra
INTRODUCTION: The progressive forms of inflammatory external root resorption (IERR) and replacement external root resorption (RERR) are serious complications and the main causes of tooth loss after replantation. This study aimed to investigate the expression pattern of inflammatory molecules in extracted human teeth presenting with external root resorption (ERR) after replantation. METHODS: Root fragments from 22 teeth showing IERR and 20 teeth with RERR were triturated using a homogenizer to extract inflammatory molecules...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994322/accuracy-in-the-diagnosis-of-vertical-root-fractures-external-root-resorptions-and-root-perforations-using-cone-beam-computed-tomography-with-different-voxel-sizes-of-acquisition
#17
Fernanda Paula Bragatto, Liogi Iwaki Filho, Amanda Vessoni Barbosa Kasuya, Mariliani Chicarelli, Alfredo Franco Queiroz, Wilton Mitsunari Takeshita, Lilian Cristina Vessoni Iwaki
AIM: The aim of this study is to assess the accuracy of images acquired with cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) in the identification of three different root alterations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty human premolars were allocated to four experimental groups (n = 10): sound teeth (control), vertical root fracture (VRF), external root resorption (ERR), and root perforation (RP). After the root alterations had been produced, four teeth were randomly assembled into 10 macerated mandibles and submitted to CBCT...
November 2016: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992282/mortality-analysis-of-the-life-span-study-lss-cohort-taking-into-account-multiple-causes-of-death-indicated-in-death-certificates
#18
Ayako Takamori, Ikuno Takahashi, Fumiyoshi Kasagi, Akihiko Suyama, Kotaro Ozasa, Takashi Yanagawa
Mortality analyses have been performed using underlying causes of death as reported on death certificates; these are uniquely determined for a deceased person according to the World Health Organization coding system. Comorbidities, the disease conditions other than the underlying cause of death from death certificates recording multiple causes of death, have rarely been explored in Life Span Study subjects. The purpose of this study was to clarify associations between atomic bomb radiation exposure and mortality from combinations of the underlying cause of death and comorbidities...
January 2017: Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978608/a-case-of-eruptive-neurofibroma-in-a-woman-with-neurofibromatosis-during-treatment-with-methotrexate
#19
Giuliana Onnis, Amelia Lissia, Maria A Montesu, Gianluca Erre, Rosanna Satta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976596/influence-of-non-impacted-third-molars-on-the-pathologies-of-adjacent-second-molars-a-retrospective-study
#20
Zhi-Bang Li, Hong-Lei Qu, Li-Na Zhou, Bei-Min Tian, Fa-Ming Chen
BACKGROUND: Although the removal of impacted third molars (I-M3s) is common in dental clinics, the decision to retain or remove asymptomatic non-impacted third molars (N-M3s) presents a significant challenge. This study investigated the influence of N-M3s on the pathologies of the adjacent second molars (A-M2s). METHODS: The clinical status of M3s was evaluated, and the presence of distal caries, the external root resorption (ERR) and the alveolar bone loss of A-M2s were assessed by orthopantomograms (OPGs)...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Periodontology
keyword
keyword
21079
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"