Read by QxMD icon Read

Err gamma

I Deltour, Y Tsareva, S J Schonfeld, V V Vostrotin, P Okatenko, M Sokolnikov, J Schüz
Long-term effects of in utero exposure to ionizing radiation remain poorly quantified in humans. In this study, the risk of hematologic malignancies was investigated in offspring of female workers of the Mayak Production Association, a large Russian nuclear facility. Excess relative risks (ERR) for exposure to gamma radiation and plutonium were estimated in a cohort of 8,466 offspring who were born between January 1, 1948 and December 31, 1988 and followed until 2009. An unstable linear ERR of 1.12 (95% CI 0...
September 30, 2016: Radiation Research
Irina S Kuznetsova, Elena V Labutina, Nezahat Hunter
Incidence of all types of lymphatic and hematopoietic cancers, including Hodgkin's lymphoma, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, multiple myeloma, acute and chronic myeloid leukemia (AML and CML respectively), chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and other forms of leukemia have been studied in a cohort of 22,373 workers employed at the Mayak Production Association (PA) main facilities during 536,126 person-years of follow-up from the start of employment between 1948 and 1982 to the end of 2004. Risk assessment was performed for both external gamma-radiation and internal alpha-exposure of red bone marrow due to incorporated Pu-239 using Mayak Workers Dosimetry System 2008 taking into account non-radiation factors...
2016: PloS One
Chia-Woei Wang, Cheng-Jeng Tai, Chen-Yen Choong, Yu-Chun Lin, Bao-Hong Lee, Yeu-Ching Shi, Chen-Jei Tai
Chemotherapy, a major approach was used in carcinoma treatment, always involves the development of drug resistance as well as side-effects that affect the quality of patients' lives. An association between epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and chemotherapy resistance was established recently. We demonstrate in this paper that the aqueous extract of Paris polyphylla (AEPP)-a traditional Chinese medicine-can be used in various cancer types for suppression of carcinogenesis. We evaluated the suppressions of EMT and mitochondrial activity by AEPP treatment in a high-glucose (HG) induced-human ovarian carcinoma cell line (OVCAR-3 cells)...
2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Jina Kim, Jungwook Chin, Chun Young Im, Eun Kyung Yoo, Seoyeon Woo, Hee Jong Hwang, Joong-Heui Cho, Kyung-Ah Seo, Jaeyoung Song, Hayoung Hwang, Kyung-Hee Kim, Nam Doo Kim, Suk Kyoon Yoon, Jae-Han Jeon, Seung-Yun Yoon, Yong Hyun Jeon, Hueng-Sik Choi, In-Kyu Lee, Seong Heon Kim, Sung Jin Cho
Estrogen-related receptor gamma (ERRγ) has recently been recognized as an attractive target for treating inflammation, cancer, and metabolic disorders. Herein, we discovered and demonstrated the in vitro pharmacology as well as the absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion, and toxicity (ADMET) properties of chemical entities that could act as highly selective inverse agonists for ERRγ. The results were comparable to those for GSK5182 (4), a leading ERRγ inverse agonist ligand. Briefly, the half-maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) range of the synthesized compounds for ERRγ was 0...
September 14, 2016: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Pierre-Marie Badin, Isabelle K Vila, Danesh H Sopariwala, Vikas Yadav, Sabina Lorca, Katie Louche, Eun Ran Kim, Qingchun Tong, Min Sup Song, Cedric Moro, Vihang A Narkar
Dissecting exercise-mimicking pathways that can replicate the benefits of exercise in obesity and diabetes may lead to promising treatments for metabolic disorders. Muscle estrogen-related receptor gamma (ERRγ) is induced by exercise, and when over-expressed in the skeletal muscle mimics exercise by stimulating glycolytic-to-oxidative myofiber switch, mitochondrial biogenesis and angiogenesis in lean mice. The objective of this study was to test whether muscle ERRγ in obese mice mitigates weight gain and insulin resistance...
2016: Scientific Reports
Veronica Torrano, Lorea Valcarcel-Jimenez, Ana Rosa Cortazar, Xiaojing Liu, Jelena Urosevic, Mireia Castillo-Martin, Sonia Fernández-Ruiz, Giampaolo Morciano, Alfredo Caro-Maldonado, Marc Guiu, Patricia Zúñiga-García, Mariona Graupera, Anna Bellmunt, Pahini Pandya, Mar Lorente, Natalia Martín-Martín, James David Sutherland, Pilar Sanchez-Mosquera, Laura Bozal-Basterra, Amaia Zabala-Letona, Amaia Arruabarrena-Aristorena, Antonio Berenguer, Nieves Embade, Aitziber Ugalde-Olano, Isabel Lacasa-Viscasillas, Ana Loizaga-Iriarte, Miguel Unda-Urzaiz, Nikolaus Schultz, Ana Maria Aransay, Victoria Sanz-Moreno, Rosa Barrio, Guillermo Velasco, Paolo Pinton, Carlos Cordon-Cardo, Jason W Locasale, Roger R Gomis, Arkaitz Carracedo
Cellular transformation and cancer progression is accompanied by changes in the metabolic landscape. Master co-regulators of metabolism orchestrate the modulation of multiple metabolic pathways through transcriptional programs, and hence constitute a probabilistically parsimonious mechanism for general metabolic rewiring. Here we show that the transcriptional co-activator peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma co-activator 1α (PGC1α) suppresses prostate cancer progression and metastasis. A metabolic co-regulator data mining analysis unveiled that PGC1α is downregulated in prostate cancer and associated with disease progression...
June 2016: Nature Cell Biology
Y Tsareva, I Deltour, M Sokolnikov, P Okatenko, V V Vostrotin, S J Schonfeld, J Schüz
Studies of cancer risk following in utero exposure to ionizing radiation are limited in number, particularly for adult-onset cancers, and the evidence is unclear. In the present study, the risk of solid cancer incidence following in utero radiation exposure is examined among 8466 offspring of female nuclear workers at one of the largest nuclear facilities (Mayak Production Association) in the Russian Federation. Poisson regression methods were used to estimate excess relative risks (ERRs) per Gray (Gy). Mother's uterine gamma dose served as a surrogate for fetal gamma dose...
August 2016: Radiation and Environmental Biophysics
Xiao-Lin Zhang, Na Liu, Shan-Fan Weng, Hong-Sheng Wang
Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is characterized by great metastasis and invasion capability. Our study revealed that nanomolar bisphenol A (BPA), one of the most ubiquitous endocrine disruptors, can increase wound closure and invasion of both MDA-MB-231 and BT-549 cells. BPA treatment can increase protein and mRNA expression of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and MMP-9, while had no effect on the expression of vimentin (Vim) and fibronectin (FN) in TNBC cells. The expression of G-protein-coupled receptor (GPER), which has been suggested to mediate rapid oestrogenic signals, was not varied in BPA-treated MDA-MB-231 and BT-549 cells...
October 2016: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
Tamara V Azizova, Maria V Bannikova, Evgenia S Grigorieva, Yaroslava P Bagaeva, Elena V Azizova
In this study the incidence risk of lower extremity arterial disease (LEAD; international classification of diseases version 9 code 440.2) was assessed in a cohort of workers occupationally exposed to radiation over a prolonged period. The study cohort includes 22,377 workers of the Mayak Production Association (25% of whom are females) first employed at one of the main facilities in 1948-1982 and followed up to the end of 2008. Dose estimates used in the study are provided by Mayak Worker Dosimetry System 2008...
May 2016: Radiation and Environmental Biophysics
Vanessa Jacob Victorino, W A Barroso, A K M Assunção, V Cury, I C Jeremias, R Petroni, B Chausse, S K Ariga, A C S A Herrera, C Panis, T M Lima, H P Souza
Breast cancer is a prevalent neoplastic disease among women worldwide which treatments still present several side effects and resistance. Considering that cancer cells present derangements in their energetic homeostasis, and that peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor- gamma coactivator 1 (PGC-1) is crucial for cellular metabolism and redox signaling, the main objective of this study was to investigate whether there is a relationship between PGC-1 expression, the proliferation of breast cancer cells and the mechanisms involved...
May 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Bingdong Tao, Lidan Liu, Ni Wang, Dongyi Tong, Wei Wang, Jin Zhang
Sepsis is common in intensive care units (ICU) and is associated with high mortality. Cardiac dysfunction complicating sepsis is one of the most important causes of this mortality. This dysfunction is due to myocardial inflammation and reduced production of energy by the heart. A number of studies have shown that hydrogen-rich saline (HRS) has a beneficial effect on sepsis. Therefore, we tested whether HRS prevents cardiac dysfunction by increasing cardiac energy. Four groups of rats received intraperitoneal injections of one of the following solutions: normal saline (NS), HRS, lipopolysaccharide (LPS), and LPS plus HRS...
December 2015: Shock
Yong-Hyun Han, Don-Kyu Kim, Tae-Young Na, Na-Lee Ka, Hueng-Sik Choi, Mi-Ock Lee
Increased cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1) expression is the main cause of oxidative stress, which exacerbates alcoholic liver diseases (ALDs). Estrogen-related receptor gamma (ERRγ) induces CYP2E1 expression and contributes to enhancing alcohol-induced liver injury. Retinoic acid-related orphan receptor alpha (RORα) has antioxidative functions; however, potential cross-talk between ERRγ and RORα in the regulation of CYP2E1 has not been studied. We report that RORα suppressed ERRγ-mediated CYP2E1 expression...
February 18, 2016: Nucleic Acids Research
Haixing Song, Tao Zhang, Ping Yang, Minhui Li, Yuhan Yang, Yuanyuan Wang, Jun Du, Kejian Pan, Kun Zhang
The effects and mechanisms of bisphenol A (BPA) on the development of breast cancer are still not well illustrated. The present study revealed that nanomolar BPA significantly promoted the proliferation of both estrogen receptor (ER) positive (MCF-7) and negative (SkBr3) breast cancer cells, which was confirmed by up regulation of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and Bcl-2. Neither ERα nor G-protein-coupled estrogen receptor (GPER) mediated this effect of BPA because their inhibitors had no effect on the BPA induced cell proliferation...
December 25, 2015: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
Kurt W Fisher, Binita Das, Hyun Seok Kim, Beth K Clymer, Drew Gehring, Deandra R Smith, Diane L Costanzo-Garvey, Mario R Fernandez, Michael G Brattain, David L Kelly, John MacMillan, Michael A White, Robert E Lewis
A major goal of cancer research is the identification of tumor-specific vulnerabilities that can be exploited for the development of therapies that are selectively toxic to the tumor. We show here that the transcriptional coactivators peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1β (PGC1β) and estrogen-related receptor α (ERRα) are aberrantly expressed in human colon cell lines and tumors. With kinase suppressor of Ras 1 (KSR1) depletion as a reference standard, we used functional signature ontology (FUSION) analysis to identify the γ1 subunit of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) as an essential contributor to PGC1β expression and colon tumor cell survival...
November 2015: Molecular and Cellular Biology
Tamara V Azizova, Evgeniya S Grigoryeva, Richard G E Haylock, Maria V Pikulina, Maria B Moseeva
OBJECTIVE: Incidence and mortality from ischaemic heart disease (IHD) was studied in an extended cohort of 22,377 workers first employed at the Mayak Production Association during 1948-82 and followed up to the end of 2008. METHODS: Relative risks and excess relative risks per unit dose (ERR/Gy) were calculated based on the maximum likelihood using Epicure software (Hirosoft International Corporation, Seattle, WA). Dose estimates used in analyses were provided by an updated "Mayak Worker Dosimetry System-2008"...
October 2015: British Journal of Radiology
T V Azizova, E S Grigorieva, N Hunter, M V Pikulina, M B Moseeva
Mortality from circulatory diseases (CD) (ICD-9 codes 390-459) was studied in an extended Mayak worker cohort, which included 22,377 workers first employed at the Mayak Production Association in 1948-1982 and followed up to the end of 2008. The enlarged cohort and extended follow-up as compared to the previous analyses provided an increased number of deaths from CD and improved statistical power of this mortality study. The analyses were based on dose estimates provided by a new Mayak Worker Dosimetry System 2008 (MWDS-2008)...
September 2015: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
Yong Wu, Marianna Sarkissyan, Eva Mcghee, Sangkyu Lee, Jaydutt V Vadgama
Targeting glycolysis for cancer treatment has been investigated as a therapeutic method but has not offered a feasible chemotherapeutic strategy. Our aim was to examine whether AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), a conditional oncogene, rescues the energetic stress and cytotoxicity induced by 2-deoxyglucose (2-DG), a glycolytic inhibitor, and the related mechanisms. Luciferin/luciferase adenosine triphosphate (ATP) determination, Western analysis, qRT-PCR analyses, MTT growth assay, clonogenic assay, and statistical analysis were performed in this study...
June 2015: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Subha Madhavan, Yuriy Gusev, Salendra Singh, Rebecca B Riggins
BACKGROUND: One-third of estrogen (ER+) and/or progesterone receptor-positive (PGR+) breast tumors treated with Tamoxifen (TAM) do not respond to initial treatment, and the remaining 70% are at risk to relapse in the future. Estrogen-related receptor gamma (ESRRG, ERRγ) is an orphan nuclear receptor with broad, structural similarities to classical ER that is widely implicated in the transcriptional regulation of energy homeostasis. We have previously demonstrated that ERRγ induces resistance to TAM in ER+ breast cancer models, and that the receptor's transcriptional activity is modified by activation of the ERK/MAPK pathway...
2015: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
Zhongqian Ren, Hui Yang, Cuicui Wang, Xiaoxin Ma
BACKGROUND: It is well known that peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator-1 alpha (PGC-1α) plays an important role in tissue energy metabolism. However, the roles of PGC-1α in malignant endometrial cancer remain unknown. METHODS: Forty cases of endometrial carcinoma, 15 cases with proliferative endometrial tissues, and 21 cases with normal endometrial tissues were collected. Real-time polymerase chain reaction was used to detect the mRNA levels of PGC-1α and estrogen-related receptor gamma (ERRγ)...
2015: OncoTargets and Therapy
Arash Hamidian, Kristoffer von Stedingk, Matilda Munksgaard Thorén, Sofie Mohlin, Sven Påhlman
Hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs) are differentially regulated in tumor cells. While the current paradigm supports post-translational regulation of the HIF-α subunits, we recently showed that hypoxic HIF-2α is also transcriptionally regulated via insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-II in the childhood tumor neuroblastoma. Here, we demonstrate that transcriptional regulation of HIF-2α seems to be restricted to neural cell-derived tumors, while HIF-1α is canonically regulated at the post-translational level uniformly across different tumor forms...
June 5, 2015: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"