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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773421/r46l-polymorphism-in-the-pcsk9-gene-relationship-to-lipid-levels-subclinical-vascular-disease-and-erectile-dysfunction
#1
Jose M Mostaza, Carlos Lahoz, Miguel A Salinero-Fort, Olaya de Dios, Elisa Castillo, Teresa González-Alegre, Francisca García-Iglesias, Eva Estirado, Fernando Laguna, Concesa Sabín, Silvia López, Victor Cornejo, Carmen de Burgos, Vanesa Sanchez, Carmen Garcés
BACKGROUND: The R46L variant of the proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) gene has been related to lipid levels and cardiovascular disease. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of this polymorphism on subclinical vascular disease and erectile dysfunction (ED). METHODS: We analyzed the association of the PCSK9 rs11591147 single-nucleotide polymorphism with lipid levels, intima-media thickness (IMT), and the ankle-brachial index, in 1188 adults free of cardiovascular disease, randomly selected from the population...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773352/the-anril-genetic-variants-and-their-interactions-with-environmental-risk-factors-on-atherothrombotic-stroke-in-a-han-chinese-population
#2
Li Xiong, Wei Liu, Li Gao, Qiwen Mu, Xindong Liu, Yuhuan Feng, Zhi Tang, Huanyu Tang, Hua Liu
BACKGROUND: Ischemic stroke (IS) is considered to be a heterogeneous, multifactorial disease with a strong genetic background. This study aims to determine whether variants in the antisense noncoding RNA in the INK4 locus (ANRIL) gene are associated with IS in Han Chinese, as well as whether there is evidence of a gene-environment interactions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A case-controlled association study was conducted in which only patients with atherothrombotic stroke (ATS) were enrolled...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772398/molecular-epidemiology-and-characterization-of-picobirnaviruses-in-small-ruminant-populations-in-india
#3
Yashpal Singh Malik, Shubhankar Sircar, Kuldeep Dhama, Rashmi Singh, Souvik Ghosh, Krisztián Bányai, Anastasia N Vlasova, Touil Nadia, Raj Kumar Singh
Picobirnavirus (PBV) is recognized as a putative cause of diarrhea and respiratory illnesses. Although PBV has been reported in several mammalian (including humans) and avian host species, data pertaining to its presence in small ruminants are limited. We report, here, PBV infection in small ruminants (ovine and caprine), in India. From January 2015 to December 2017, 400 samples were tested for the presence of PBV, using an RT-PCR assay specific for the genome segment-2. The overall rate of PBV infection was 35...
May 14, 2018: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772307/family-environment-interacts-with-crhr1-rs17689918-to-predict-mental-health-and-behavioral-outcomes
#4
Arunima Roy, Kariina Laas, Triin Kurrikoff, Andreas Reif, Toomas Veidebaum, Klaus-Peter Lesch, Jaanus Harro
BACKGROUND: Corticotrophin-releasing hormone receptor-1 gene (CRHR1) variants have been implicated in mental health. However, little is known of the effects of CRHR1 on long-term mental health and behavior in presence of environmental stressors. We assess the effects of CRHR1 variant (rs17689918)-by-environment interactions on emotionality and behavioral traits, including anxiety, depression, aggression and antisocial behaviors. We also determine effects of rs17689918-by-environment-by-sex interactions on the above-mentioned outcomes...
May 14, 2018: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771604/association-of-the-placental-vegf-promoter-polymorphisms-and-vegf-mrna-expression-with-preeclampsia
#5
Farshid Keshavarzi, Mahnaz Shahrakipoor, Batool Teimoori, Minoo Yaghmaei, Mehrnaz Narooei-Nejad, Ava Rasooli, Saeedeh Salimi
BACKGROUND: Preeclampsia (PE), is a pregnancy-specific complication with the placental origin which associated with altered expression of angiogenic factors. Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF), is a growth and hypoxia-induced factor which contributes to the regulation of various processes. The present study has investigated the association of the placental VEGF -634G/C (rs2010963), -1154G/A (rs1570360), and -2549 I/D (18bpindel) polymorphisms in the promoter region with VEGF mRNA expression in PE women and control group...
May 17, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768442/genetic-variation-in-the-clock-gene-is-associated-with-idiopathic-recurrent-spontaneous-abortion
#6
Alenka Hodžić, Polona Lavtar, Momčilo Ristanović, Ivana Novaković, Jelena Dotlić, Borut Peterlin
Physiological studies in animals and human support an important role of circadian system in reproduction. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential association of CLOCK gene polymorphisms with idiopathic recurrent spontaneous abortion (IRSA). We performed a case-control study. The study group consisted of 268 women with a history of three or more idiopathic recurrent spontaneous abortions and 284 women with at least two live births and no history of pathologic pregnancies all from Slovenia and Serbia...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768284/predictive-value-of-excision-repair-cross-complementing-group-2-gene-lys751gln-and-asp312asn-polymorphisms-in-melanoma-risk
#7
Xue Zhou, Yong Zeng, Huayong Jiang, Limei Xia, Chuan Liu
Epidemiological studies have assessed the association between excision repair cross-complementing group 2 (ERCC2) Lys751Gln and Asp312Asn polymorphisms and melanoma risk with conflicting results. Relevant articles were searched from PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science with a time limit of 3 September 2016. Pooled odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) was used to assess the strength of the association. We performed this meta-analysis with 12 studies including 6157 cases and 8873 controls for Lys751Gln and nine studies including 5037 cases and 7542 controls for Asp312Asn polymorphism...
May 15, 2018: Melanoma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765472/development-of-novel-cyclic-ngr-peptide-daunomycin-conjugates-with-dual-targeting-property
#8
Andrea Angelo Pierluigi Tripodi, Szilárd Tóth, Kata Nóra Enyedi, Gitta Schlosser, Gergely Szakács, Gábor Mező
Cyclic NGR peptides as homing devices are good candidates for the development of drug conjugates for targeted tumor therapy. In our previous study we reported that the Dau=Aoa-GFLGK(c[KNGRE]-GG-)-NH2 conjugate has a significant antitumor activity against both CD13+ HT-1080 human fibrosarcoma and CD13- but integrin positive HT-29 human colon adenocarcinoma cells. However, it seems that the free ε-amino group of Lys in the cycle is not necessary for the biological activity. Therefore, we developed novel cyclic NGR peptide-daunomycin conjugates in which Lys was replaced by different amino acids (Ala, Leu, Nle, Pro, Ser)...
2018: Beilstein Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763933/the-calcium-sensing-receptor-gene-polymorphism-rs1801725-and-calcium-related-phenotypes-in-hemodialysis-patients
#9
Alicja E Grzegorzewska, Dariusz Bednarski, Monika Świderska, Adrianna Mostowska, Paweł P Jagodziński
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The calcium-sensing receptor gene (CASR) rs1801725 variant is responsible for a non-conservative amino-acid change (A986S) in the calcium-sensing receptor cytoplasmic tail. We hypothesized that rs1801725 polymorphism might be helpful in understanding Ca-related abnormalities in HD patients. METHODS: In 1215 subjects (245 on cinacalcet), we determined the associations of rs1801725 with secondary hyperparathyroidism (sHPT)-related laboratory parameters, PTH-decreasing effect of cinacalcet hydrochloride, coronary artery disease (CAD), myocardial infarction (MI), nephrolithiasis-related ESRD, and mortality...
May 10, 2018: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763368/matrix-metalloproteinase-9-gene-polymorphisms-and-their-interaction-with-environment-on-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-risk
#10
Tao Wang, Wanxing Fu, Shuang Song, Yanlong Han, Lihong Yao, Youkui Lu, Junshuai Zheng, Jing Wang
The current study aimed to investigate the relations of three single nucleotide polymorphisms of matrix metalloproteinase-9 gene, and single nucleotide polymorphisms-smoking interaction to subarachnoid hemorrhage risk. The optimal pattern of the interaction among single nucleotide polymorphisms and smoking was selected by generalized multifactor dimensionality reduction. The association between the three single nucleotide polymorphisms within the matrix metalloproteinase-9 gene was analyzed by logistic regression test...
May 2018: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762778/the-effect-of-%C3%AE-mannanase-on-nutrient-utilization-and-blood-parameters-in-chicks-fed-diets-containing-soybean-meal-and-guar-gum
#11
Justina V Caldas, Karen Vignale, Nirun Boonsinchai, Jinrong Wang, Monticha Putsakum, Judith A England, Craig N Coon
The present study was conducted to determine whether the addition of β-mannanase in broiler feed changes hormonal profiles in the blood and broiler performance and nutrient availability. Five hundred and four Cobb male chickens were studied during d 7 to 21. Three corn-soybean meal (SBM) based diets 1) Low SBM (18% SBM); 2) High SBM (31% SBM); and 3) High SBM+GG (31% SBM + Guar Gum (GG) 0.5%) with 3 levels of β-mannanase (0, 200, and 400 ppm) were mixed to produce 9 diets. A factorial design 3 × 3 was performed with JMP pro 13 (SAS, 2017)...
May 11, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762266/flow-cytometry-evolution-of-microbiological-methods-for-probiotics-enumeration
#12
Marco Pane, Serena Allesina, Angela Amoruso, Stefania Nicola, Francesca Deidda, Luca Mogna
GOALS: The purpose of this trial was to verify that the analytical method ISO 19344:2015 (E)-IDF 232:2015 (E) is valid and reliable for quantifying the concentration of the probiotic Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (ATCC 53103) in a finished product formulation. BACKGROUND: Flow cytometry assay is emerging as an alternative rapid method for microbial detection, enumeration, and population profiling. The use of flow cytometry not only permits the determination of viable cell counts but also allows for enumeration of damaged and dead cell subpopulations...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761647/four-polymorphisms-in-the-il-22-gene-and-the-risk-of-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#13
Jie Zhang, Taiqiang Zhao, Chengjie Xu, Hua Yu
OBJECTIVE: IL-22 plays an important role in cancer carcinogenesis. However, the association between IL-22 polymorphisms and cancer risk was inconclusive. The objective of the current study was to assess these associations by meta-analysis. METHODS: PubMed, EMbase, CNKI, VIP, and Wanfang databases were searched up to 31 January 2018. The results were screened according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The associations between polymorphisms and cancer risk were estimated by meta-analysis...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760797/-lmo1-super-enhancer-polymorphism-rs2168101-g-t-correlates-with-decreased-neuroblastoma-risk-in-chinese-children
#14
Jing He, Xiaohong Zhang, Jiao Zhang, Ruizhong Zhang, Tianyou Yang, Jinhong Zhu, Huimin Xia, Yan Zou
Neuroblastoma is one of the most frequently occurring childhood cancers. The rs2168101 G>T polymorphism observed in the LMO1 gene is located at a conserved GATA transcription factor binding motif. This polymorphism was reported to be significantly associated with neuroblastoma susceptibility. However, whether this and other functional polymorphisms can affect neuroblastoma risk of Chinese children remains unknown. We conducted a two-center hospital-based case-control study with a total of 374 cases and 812 controls to assess the role of five LMO1 gene polymorphisms in the neuroblastoma risk...
2018: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760554/the-cxcl12-rs1801157-polymorphism-and-risk-of-colorectal-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#15
Ke Xu, Hong Dai, Shaolong Wang, Jie Zhang, Tao Liu
Background: The CXCL12 rs1801157 polymorphism is putatively associated with the risk of malignancy. However, research results are inconsistent regarding particular cancers, especially colorectal cancer (CRC). Methods: We conducted a meta-analysis via a comprehensive literature search of the databases PubMed and Embase. Odds ratios and their corresponding 95% confidence intervals were extracted to assess comprehensively the association between the CXCL12 rs1801157 polymorphism and the risk of CRC...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758349/habitual-aerobic-exercise-gene-apoa5-named-rs662799-snp-and-response-of-blood-lipid-and-lipoprotein-phenotypes-among-older-chinese-adult
#16
Xiangyun Liu, Guoyuan Huang, Zhanbin Niu, Yuqin Wei, Ru Wang
BACKGROUND: The genetic component of dyslipidemia has been studied in adults but little in older population. It is remains unknown regarding influence and interaction of APOA5 gene single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) and habitual aerobic exercise (HAE) on changes of blood lipids and lipoprotein phenotypes in older Chinese adults. METHODS: Four-hundred-twenty-three old Chinese individuals with HAE were divided into hyperlipidemia and normal groups. We genotyped polymorphic loci using matrix assisted laser desorption ionization time of flight mass spectrometry detection technology (MALDI-TOF)...
May 11, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757443/impact-of-genetic-polymorphism-in-the-%C3%AE-%C3%A2-receptor-gene-on-risk-of-severe-hypoglycemia-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes
#17
Kim Zillo Rokamp, Niels Vidiendal Olsen, Louise Færch, Peter Lommer Kristensen, Birger Thorsteinsson, Ulrik Pedersen-Bjergaard
Context and Objective: Severe hypoglycemic events are unevenly distributed in subjects with type 1 diabetes making a genetic influence probable. The adrenergic beta-2-receptor gene (ADRB2) has several common polymorphisms of which the Arg16 allele is associated with receptor down-regulation and reduced agonist-mediated endogenous glucose production. We tested the hypothesis that the Arg16 variant is associated with severe hypoglycaemia. Method: A cohort of 311 subjects with type 1 diabetes reported severe hypoglycemic events retrospectively in a validated questionnaire...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756748/%C3%AE-opioid-receptor-genetic-polymorphisms-and-duration-of-epidural-fentanyl-analgesia-during-early-labor
#18
Nathalie K Zgheib, Marie T Aouad, Samar K Taha, Anwar H Nassar, Riwa F Masri, Mira Y Khoury, Maha H Makki, Sahar M Siddik-Sayyid
BACKGROUND: Epidural fentanyl is commonly used for initiation of early labor analgesia. The aim of this prospective study is to test the hypothesis that duration of epidural fentanyl analgesia differs in nulliparous women requesting epidural analgesia in early labor who are variant allele carriers of the OPRM1 SNVs 118A>G rs1799971, IVS2+31G>A rs9479757, and IVS2+691G>C rs2075572. METHODS: Two hundred and twenty parturients who received epidural analgesia with fentanyl were included in the 118A>G analysis, and a 196 subcohort was included in the IVS2+31G>A and IVS2+691G>C exploratory analysis...
May 14, 2018: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756124/functional-promoter-rs189037-variant-of-atm-is-associated-with-decrease-in-lung-diffusing-capacity-after-irradiation-for-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#19
Jose Luis Lopez Guerra, Yi-Peng Song, Quynh-Nhu Nguyen, Daniel R Gomez, Zhongxing Liao, Ting Xu
Objective: Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the ataxia telangiectasia-mutated gene ATM have been linked with pneumonitis after radiotherapy for lung cancer but have not been evaluated in terms of pulmonary function impairment. Here we investigated potential associations between SNPs in ATM and changes in diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (DLCO) in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) after radiotherapy. Methods: From November 1998 through June 2009, 448 consecutive patients with inoperable primary NSCLC underwent definitive (≥60 Gy) radiotherapy, with or without chemotherapy...
March 2018: Chronic Diseases and Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755671/should-reporting-of-peri-neural-invasion-and-extra-prostatic-extension-be-mandatory-in-prostate-cancer-biopsies-correlation-with-outcome-in-biopsy-cases-treated-conservatively
#20
Amar S Ahmad, Vishnu Parameshwaran, Luis Beltran, Gabrielle Fisher, Bernard V North, David Greenberg, Geraldine Soosay, Henrik Møller, Peter Scardino, Jack Cuzick, Daniel M Berney
The identification of perineural invasion (PNI) and extraprostatic extension (ECE) in prostate cancer (PC) biopsies is time consuming and can be difficult. Although this is required information in many datasets, there is little evidence on their effect on outcome in patients treated conservatively. Cases of PC were identified from three cancer registries in the UK from men with clinically localized prostate cancer diagnosed by needle biopsy from 1990-2003. The endpoint was prostate cancer death (DOD). Patients treated radically within 6 months, those with objective evidence of metastases or who had prior hormone therapy were excluded...
April 17, 2018: Oncotarget
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