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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813467/meat-consumption-reduction-in-italian-regions-health-co-benefits-and-decreases-in-ghg-emissions
#1
Sara Farchi, Manuela De Sario, Enrica Lapucci, Marina Davoli, Paola Michelozzi
INTRODUCTION: Animal agriculture has exponentially grown in recent decades in response to the rise in global demand for meat, even in countries like Italy that traditionally eat a Mediterranean, plant-based diet. Globalization related dietary changes are contributing to the epidemic of non-communicable diseases and to the global climate crisis, and are associated with huge carbon and water footprints. The objective of the study is to assess inequalities in health impacts and in attributable greenhouse gases-GHG emissions in Italy by hypothesizing different scenarios of reduction in red and processed meat consumption towards healthier consumption patterns more compliant with the recommendations of the Mediterranean food pyramid...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811712/association-between-cyp24a1-polymorphisms-and-the-risk-of-colonic-polyps-and-colon-cancer-in-a-chinese-population
#2
Xue-Qi Chen, Jia-Yu Mao, Wen-Bin Li, Jian Li, Hong Yang, Jia-Ming Qian, Jing-Nan Li
AIM: To determine the pathogenesis and potential single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) as screening sites for colonic polyps, colon cancer and ulcerative colitis, and to analyze the possible association between these genetic polymorphisms and the three diseases. METHODS: We evaluated genetic polymorphisms in 144 newly diagnosed colonic polyp patients, 96 colon cancer patients and 44 ulcerative colitis patients. The four SNPs genotyped were rs4809957, rs6068816, rs6091822 and rs8124792...
July 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811597/vitamin-d-receptor-gene-polymorphisms-modify-cardiometabolic-response-to-vitamin-d-supplementation-in-t2dm-patients
#3
Nasser M Al-Daghri, Abdul Khader Mohammed, Omar S Al-Attas, Mohammed Ghouse Ahmed Ansari, Kaiser Wani, Syed D Hussain, Shaun Sabico, Gyanendra Tripathi, Majed S Alokail
There is conflicting evidence on the favorable effects of vitamin D supplementation on metabolic profile in Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients and this might be due to genetic variations in vitamin D receptors (VDRs). Thus, we studied the metabolic effects of a 12-month vitamin D supplementation in T2DM patients according to VDR polymorphisms. A total of 204 T2DM subjects received 2000 IU vitamin D3 daily for 12 months. Serum 25(OH)D and metabolic profiles were measured at baseline and after 12 months...
August 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808214/association-of-three-single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-of-esr1with-breast-cancer-susceptibility-a-meta-analysis
#4
Xu Hu, Linfei Jiang, Chenhui Tang, Yuehong Ju, Li Jiu, Yongyue Wei, Li Guo, Yang Zhao
Expression of estrogen receptors is correlated with breast cancer risk, but inconsistent results have been reported. To clarify potential estrogen receptor (ESR)-related breast cancer risk, we analyzed genetic variants ofESR1 in association with breast cancer susceptibility. We performed a meta-analysis to investigate the association between rs2234693, rs1801132, and rs2046210 (single nucleotide polymorphisms ofESR1), and breast cancer risk. Our analysis included 44 case-control studies. For rs2234693, the CC genotype had a higher risk of breast cancer compared to the TT or CT genotype...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807727/association-between-park16-and-parkinson-s-disease-a-meta-analysis
#5
Tao He, Jie Wang, Xiaoli Wang, Wenshuai Deng, Hong Jiang, Junxia Xie, Peng Sun
Recent years, several case-control studies reported that two polymorphisms (rs947211 and 1572913) within the PARK16 locus were associated with the Parkinson's disease (PD). However, the results were still controversial. Herein, we conducted a comprehensive meta-analysis to estimate the associations between two polymorphisms and PD. Seven databases (PubMed, Google Scholar, EMBASE, Web of Science, CNKI (China National Knowledge Infrastructure), VIP and Wanfang) were searched to identify the eligible studies. Odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated to evaluate the associations of two polymorphisms with PD susceptibility...
August 11, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807506/altered-vulnerability-to-asthma-at-various-levels-of-ambient-benzo-a-pyrene-by-ctla4-stat4-and-cyp2e1-polymorphisms
#6
Hyunok Choi, Nana Tabashidze, Pavel Rossner, Miroslav Dostal, Anna Pastorkova, Sek Won Kong, Hans Gmuender, Radim J Sram
BACKGROUND: Within fossil- and solid-fuel dependent geographic locations, mechanisms of air pollution-induced asthma remains unknown. In particular, sources of greater genetic susceptibility to airborne carcinogen, namely, benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) has never been investigated beyond that of a few well known genes. OBJECTIVES: To deepen our understanding on how the genotypic variations within the candidate genes contribute to the variability in the children's susceptibility to ambient B[a]P on doctor-diagnosed asthma...
August 11, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807247/interleukins-as-new-prognostic-genetic-biomarkers-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#7
Cristina Pérez-Ramírez, Marisa Cañadas-Garre, Ahmed Alnatsha, Miguel Ángel Molina, Ana I Robles, Eduardo Villar, Juan Ramón Delgado, María José Faus-Dáder, Miguel Ángel Calleja-Hernández
BACKGROUND: Surgery is the standard treatment for early-stage NSCLC, and platinum-based chemotherapy remains as the treatment of choice for advanced-stage NSCLC patients with naïve EGFR status. However, overall 5-years relative survival rates are low. Interleukins (ILs) are crucial for processes associated with tumor development. In NSCLC, IL1B, IL6, IL12A, IL13 and IL16 gene polymorphisms may contribute to individual variation in terms of patient survival. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between IL gene polymorphisms and survival in NSCLC patients...
September 2017: Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805974/effect-of-single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-in-adh1b-adh4-adh1c-oprm1-drd2-bdnf-and-aldh2-genes-on-alcohol-dependence-in-a-caucasian-population
#8
Martha-Spyridoula Katsarou, Konstantinos Karakonstantis, Nikolaos Demertzis, Emmanouil Vourakis, Aspasia Skarpathioti, Aleksandr E Nosyrev, Aristidis Tsatsakis, Theodoris Kalogridis, Nikolaos Drakoulis
Alcohol is a frequently used addictive substance worldwide. Aim of this study is to determine the frequency distribution of SNPs within ADH1B, ADH4, ADH1C, ALDH2, BDNF, OPRM1, and DRD2 genes in a southeastern European Caucasian population from Greece. For this purpose samples of 1276 volunteers were analyzed after deidentification and anonymization. The allele distribution of the examined polymorphisms in the present Greek population cohort was as follows: rs1229984 (ADH1B): GG(wt) = 64.14%, GA = 29.86%, AA = 4...
August 2017: Pharmacology Research & Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804718/cd36-gene-polymorphisms-are-associated-with-intracerebral-hemorrhage-susceptibility-in-a-han-chinese-population
#9
Qiu-Wen Gong, Mao-Fan Liao, Liang Liu, Xiao-Yi Xiong, Qin Zhang, Qi Zhong, Kai Zhou, Yuan-Rui Yang, Zhao-You Meng, Chang-Xiong Gong, Rui Xu, Qing-Wu Yang
The CD36 gene encodes a membrane glycoprotein (type B scavenger receptor, SR-B2) that plays a crucial role in lipid sensing, innate immunity, atherogenesis, and glycolipid metabolism. In this study, we aimed to investigate the association between CD36 gene polymorphisms and intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) in a Han Chinese population. We performed genotype and allele analyses for eleven single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of CD36 in a case-controlled study involving 292 ICH patients and 298 control participants...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804625/the-relationship-between-tumor-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE-polymorphisms-and-gastric-cancer-risk-an-updated-meta-analysis
#10
Wenxian Zheng, Shuisheng Zhang, Shenfeng Zhang, Li Min, Yihong Wang, Jian Xie, Yong Hou, Xiufang Tian, Jian Cheng, Kun Liu, Deguo Xu, Xinshuang Yu, Zhen Liu, Yajuan Lv, Ning Liang, Jiandong Zhang, Fengjun Liu, Yuan Tian
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and the development of gastric cancer, and to investigate whether it can be used as a biological marker for gastric cancer. In the current study, a new meta-analysis was performed to assess the association between TNF-α gene polymorphisms and gastric cancer susceptibility. Subgroup analyses based on ethnicity, control population source and non-cardia cancers were also conducted. Summary odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using a random-effects model...
August 2017: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803697/tumor-necrosis-factor-alpha-gene-polymorphisms-and-haplotypes-in-egyptian-children-with-nephrotic-syndrome
#11
Doaa M Youssef, Amal S El-Shal, Samia Hussein, Khaled Salah, Abd El Rahman E Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Nephrotic syndrome (NS) characterized by complex pathogenesis and clinical course with relapses; and needs novel breakthroughs for decades. Polymorphisms of cytokines genes including tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α)may influence susceptibility to NS as well as different patients' steroid responses. In the current study, we demonstrated the potential roles of TNF-α promoter gene polymorphisms [-238, -308, -863] and haplotypes in susceptibility to childhood NS. Also, elucidating their possible influence on patients' steroid response and serum TNF-α level...
August 10, 2017: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803525/cytologic-features-and-staining-characteristics-of-gamna-gandy-bodies-from-seven-canine-fine-needle-aspirate-preparations
#12
A Russell Moore, Sarah E Leavell, Francisco O Conrado, Sarah S K Beatty, Amy L MacNeill
Gamna-Gandy (GG) bodies are non-infectious, hyphal-like structures associated with siderotic nodules in lymphoid tissue; GG bodies are very rarely reported in veterinary cytologic samples. Cytologically, GG bodies can be misidentified as hyphae or plant material. Seven canine lymphoid tissue aspiration cases that contained GG bodies were investigated for morphologic variability and staining characteristics. Available archived cytology slides containing GG bodies were stained with reagents known to show positive results (Prussian blue, Alizarin red S, Von Kossa) and negative results (Gomori methenamine silver) in histologic samples...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803490/parkin-pink1-and-dj1-as-possible-modulators-of-mtor-pathway-in-ganglioglioma
#13
Katarzyna Drapalo, Jaroslaw Jozwiak
Ganglioglioma (GG) is a non-malignant tumor classified as G1 by the WHO. Although we currently know that the neoplasm may result from the hyperactivity of protein kinase B (PKB or Akt) or extracellular-regulated kinase (Erk), which upregulates mammalian target of rapamycin kinase (mTOR) and leads to translation of proteins responsible for cell cycle regulation, there are still many questions to be answered. In the current paper we try to analyze the link between GG formation and activity of three proteins known to play a role in neuroprotection...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803404/polymorphisms-in-xrcc1-ercc2-and-ercc3-dna-repair-genes-cyp1a1-xenobiotic-metabolism-gene-and-tobacco-are-associated-with-bladder-cancer-susceptibility-in-tunisian-population
#14
Molka Feki-Tounsi, Rim Khlifi, Ibtihel Louati, Mohamed Fourati, Mohamed-Nabil Mhiri, Amel Hamza-Chaffai, Ahmed Rebai
Other than the established environmental risk factors associated with bladder cancer (BC), little is known about the genetic variations determining the individual susceptibility of this complex disease. This study aimed to investigate the relationship of BC with environmental agents and polymorphisms in XRCC1, ERCC2, and ERCC3 DNA repair genes and CYP1A1, CYP2D6, NAT1, and NAT2 xenobiotic metabolism genes through a hospital-based case-control study in Tunisia. The selection of the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (rs25487, rs 13181, rs415407, rs446421, rs1058172, rs4921880, and rs1208) was performed using the dbSNP database...
August 12, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802544/a-role-of-the-endothelial-nitric-oxide-system-in-acute-renal-colic-caused-by-ureteral-stone
#15
Emre Bulbul, Elif Funda Sener, Nahide Ekici Gunay, Bahadir Taslidere, Elif Taslidere, Serhat Koyuncu, Nurullah Gunay
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Endothelial nitric oxide synthase gene polymorphisms play a role in some pathophysiological processes. In this study, the possible effects of endothelial nitric oxide synthase gene polymorphisms on ureteral stone disease in patients who were admitted to the emergency department with severe pain due to renal colic are examined. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study groups were designed as controls and patients. The control group was formed from the healthy volunteers who applied to the blood center next to the emergency service...
August 7, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801681/nrf1-and-zscan10-bind-to-the-promoter-region-of-the-six1-gene-and-their-effects-body-measurements-in-qinchuan-cattle
#16
Da-Wei Wei, Lin-Sheng Gui, Sayed Haidar Abbas Raza, Song Zhang, Rajwali Khan, Li Wang, Hong-Fang Guo, Lin-Sen Zan
The SIX1 homeobox gene belongs to the six homeodomain family and is widely thought to play a principal role in mediating of skeletal muscle development. In the present study, we determined that the bovine SIX1 gene was highly expressed in the longissimus thoracis and physiologically immature individuals. DNA sequencing of 428 individual Qinchuan cattle identified nine single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the promoter region of the SIX1 gene. Using a series of 5' deletion promoter plasmid luciferase reporter assays and 5'-rapid amplification of cDNA end analysis (RACE), two of these SNPs were found to be located in the proximal minimal promoter region -216/-28 relative to the transcriptional start site (TSS)...
August 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800122/increased-expression-of-plasma-induced-abcc1-mrna-in-cystic-fibrosis
#17
Justin E Ideozu, Xi Zhang, Amy Pan, Zainub Ashrafi, Katherine J Woods, Martin J Hessner, Pippa Simpson, Hara Levy
The ABCC1 gene is structurally and functionally related to the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator gene (CFTR). Upregulation of ABCC1 is thought to improve lung function in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF); the mechanism underlying this effect is unknown. We analyzed the ABCC1 promoter single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP rs504348), plasma-induced ABCC1 mRNA expression levels, and ABCC1 methylation status and their correlation with clinical variables among CF subjects with differing CFTR mutations...
August 11, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799100/associations-between-ccl21-gene-polymorphisms-and-susceptibility-to-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Guomin Li, Jie Zhao, Bing Li, Jianxiong Ma, Qiubo Zhao, Xiaoquan Wang, Zhen Lv, Kuan Li, Zhongchao Du, Xinlong Ma, Jun Liu
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic systemic disorder characterized by the development through angiogenesis, which is dependent on endothelial cell activation, migration and proliferation and CCL21 plays an important role in this pathology. Currently, CCL21 gene polymorphism studies on rheumatoid arthritis are scarce and the results are diverse. This meta-analysis was performed to determine if CCL21 gene polymorphisms correlate with the risk of developing RA. Association reports for the relationship between CCL21 polymorphisms and RA were identified from PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, SCIELO, CNKI and Wanfang databases on March 22, 2017...
August 10, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798304/comparison-of-pathogenicity-related-genes-in-the-current-pseudorabies-virus-outbreak-in-china
#19
Yan-Dong Tang, Ji-Ting Liu, Tong-Yun Wang, Ming-Xia Sun, Zhi-Jun Tian, Xue-Hui Cai
There is currently a pandemic of pseudorabies virus (PRV) variant strains in China. Despite extensive research on PRV variant strains in the past two years, few studies have investigated PRV pathogenicity-related genes. To determine which gene(s) is/are linked to PRV virulence, ten putative virulence genes were knocked out using clustered regularly interspaced palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/Cas9 technology. The pathogenicity of these mutants was evaluated in a mouse model. Our results demonstrated that of the ten tested genes, the thymidine kinase (TK) and glycoprotein M (gM) knockout mutants displayed significantly reduced virulence...
August 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797039/impact-of-pnpla3-and-ifnl3-polymorphisms-on-hepatic-steatosis-in-asian-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-c
#20
Chao-Min Huang, Kuo-Chin Chang, Chao-Hung Hung, King-Wah Chiu, Sheng-Nan Lu, Jing-Houng Wang, Chien-Hung Chen, Kwong-Ming Kee, Yuan-Hung Kuo, Ming-Chao Tsai, Po-Lin Tseng, Ming-Tsung Lin, Cheng-Kun Wu, Tsung-Hui Hu, Chung-Lung Cho, Yi-Hao Yen
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: A recent meta-analysis revealed that the genotype PNPLA3 rs738409 GG is associated with a higher risk of hepatic steatosis (HS) in Caucasian patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC). However, controversial results were found regarding Asian populations. Furthermore, previous studies have shown a negative association between interferon lambda 3 (IFNL3) rs12979860 CC and HS in Caucasian CHC patients, but there have been no reports indicating any such association in Asian populations...
2017: PloS One
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