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Peng He, Patamarerk Engsontia, Guang-Lei Chen, Qian Yin, Jun Wang, Xu Lu, Ya-Nan Zhang, Zhao-Qun Li, Ming He
BACKGROUND: The white-backed planthopper (WBPH) Sogatella furcifera Horváth, the brown planthopper (BPH) Nilaparvata lugens, and the small brown planthopper (SBPH) Laodelphax striatellus (Hemiptera: Delphacidae) are rice pests that damage rice plants by sap-sucking and by transmitting viruses. Host-seeking behavior involves chemosensory receptor genes, which include odorant receptors (ORs), ionotropic receptors (IRs) and gustatory receptors (GRs). RESULTS: We used genome and transcriptome data to identify 141 ORs, 28 GRs and 25 IRs in BPH, 135 ORs, 18 GRs and 16 IRs in WBPH and 37 ORs, 14 GRs and 6 IRs in SBPH...
March 15, 2018: Pest Management Science
Zona Batacchi, Nicole K Andeen, Subbulaxmi Trikudanathan
A 62-year-old woman presented with an 11-month history of worsening nasal symptoms of rhinorrhoea, anosmia, nasal congestion and intermittent epistaxis. MRI revealed a large mass in the upper nasal vault. Biopsy of the mass revealed an olfactory neuroblastoma. While waiting resection, she acutely developed severe proximal muscle weakness, lethargy and lower extremity oedema. Blood glucose was elevated, and hypokalaemic metabolic alkalosis was noted. Elevated serum cortisol level of 95.7 µg/dL (8.7-22.4 µg/dL) and markedly elevated 24-hour urinary cortisol level of 6962...
March 13, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
(no author information available yet)
Pituitary abscess (PA) is a rare intrasellar infectious disease presented in less than one percent of all cases of pituitary disease.We reported a case of a 58-year-old woman with a history of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) exhibited with headaches, nasal discharge, anosmia, diabetes insipidus and hypopituitarism due to PA, she was diagnosed based on clinical presentations, endocrine examination and MRI image features. She was treated with nasal wash and antibiotic therapy without surgical intervention. She has received hormone replacement therapy for one year and her condition has gradually become stabilized...
February 5, 2018: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
Rhea Choi, Bradley J Goldstein
Disorders causing a loss of the sense of smell remain a therapeutic challenge. Basic research has, however, greatly expanded our knowledge of the organization and function of the olfactory system. This review describes advances in our understanding of the cellular components of the peripheral olfactory system, specifically the olfactory epithelium in the nose. The article discusses recent findings regarding the mechanisms involved in regeneration and cellular renewal from basal stem cells in the adult olfactory epithelium, considering the strategies involved in embryonic olfactory development and insights from research on other stem cell niches...
February 2018: Laryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology
Weijia Du, Zhendong Xu, Wenjing Wang, Zhiqiang Liu
Anesthetics represent an uncommon cause of taste and smell disorders. We describe a case of anosmia and hypogeusia for 6 weeks after recovery from a uterine curettage operation in a 32-year-old woman. The case is unusual because propofol was the only anesthetic used during surgery and anesthesia. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed no abnormality. This case may highly suggest that propofol could induce smell and taste disorders.
February 23, 2018: Journal of Anesthesia
Andrea Ciofalo, Marco De Vincentiis, Giannicola Iannella, Giampietro Zambetti, Paola Giacomello, Giancarlo Altissimi, Antonio Greco, Massimo Fusconi, Benedetta Pasquariello, Giuseppe Magliulo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate olfactory function and clinical-neurological characteristics in a group of patients with mild head trauma. METHODS: A total of 352 patients with MTBI underwent olfactory function evaluation. The site of head trauma, loss of consciousness <20 min, memory loss, subjective presence or absence of olfaction and other clinical, neurological and radiological aspects were evaluated and compared with the olfactory dysfunction. RESULTS: A total of 33...
February 15, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
Helena Gásdal Karstensen, Martin Vestergaard, William F C Baaré, Arnold Skimminge, Bjarki Djurhuus, Bjarki Ellefsen, Norbert Brüggemann, Camilla Klausen, Anne-Mette Leffers, Niels Tommerup, Hartwig R Siebner
The human sense of smell is closely associated with morphological differences of the fronto-limbic system, specifically the piriform cortex and medial orbitofrontal cortex (mOFC). Still it is unclear whether cortical volume in the core olfactory areas and connected brain regions are shaped differently in individuals who suffer from lifelong olfactory deprivation relative to healthy normosmic individuals. To address this question, we examined if regional variations in gray matter volume were associated with smell ability in seventeen individuals with isolated congenital olfactory impairment (COI) matched with sixteen normosmic controls...
February 13, 2018: Brain Imaging and Behavior
Y Niu, C Zhou, H Xu, D Wang, Y Chen, Z Li, T Wang, G Pokhrel, D W Wang, J Liu
Kallmann syndrome (KS) is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous condition characterised by hypogonadotropic hypogonadism with anosmia or hyposmia. More than nineteen genes causing KS have been reported to date. KAL1, first identified to causing the X-linked form of KS, accounts for 10%-20% of KS patients. In this study, we designed a panel including 17 known genes causing KS for genetic diagnosis and research and report a typical and rare family of which three generations had been affected by KS. A novel CNV in Xp22...
February 14, 2018: Andrologia
Sangzin Ahn, Mooseok Choi, Hyunju Kim, Eunjeong Yang, Usman Mahmood, Seong-Il Kang, Hyun-Woo Shin, Dae Woo Kim, Hye-Sun Kim
Olfactory loss is known to affect both mood and quality of life. Transient anosmia was induced in mice to study the resulting changes in mood, behavior, and on a molecular level. Transient anosmia was induced by a single intranasal instillation of ZnSO4 in BALB/c mice. Hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining, and potato chip finding test were performed to confirm olfactory loss. Tail suspension, forced swim, and splash tests were performed to evaluate depression-related behavior; while the open field, and elevated plus maze tests were used to evaluate anxiety-related behavior...
February 9, 2018: Chemical Senses
Andrés Di Pietrantonio, Humberto Asmus, Christian Ingratta, Walter Brennan, Javier Schulz, Leandro Carballo
Introduction: Inverted papilloma is a locally-aggressive benign neoplasm of the paranasal sinuses with a high potential for recurrence and malignancy. Intracranial extension is infrequent, and dural penetration even more so, typically associated with recurrence of the disease or its degeneration into squamous cell carcinoma. Clinical Case: A 32-year-old female patient consulted us for an exophytic lesion in her right nostril and exophthalmos, associated with headache, anosmia and dysgeusia...
2018: Surgical Neurology International
Raghav Gupta, Justin M Moore, Kai Miller, Griffith R Harsh
Intracranial hemangiopericytomas (HPCs) are solitary fibrous tumors of the smooth muscle and the mesenchymal origin. While meningiomas located within the olfactory groove are common, an HPC in this location has never been reported previously. Here we describe the rare presentation of a differentiated HPC masquerading as an olfactory groove meningioma in a 33-year-old female presenting with the progressive headaches, anosmia, and visual field disturbances. Following resection, the histopathological analysis confirmed a grade II HPC...
November 25, 2017: Curēus
Carlos Martínez-Rivera, Astrid Crespo, Celia Pinedo-Sierra, Juan L García-Rivero, Abel Pallarés-Sanmartín, Núria Marina-Malanda, Silvia Pascual-Erquicia, Alicia Padilla, Sagrario Mayoralas-Alises, Vicente Plaza, Antolín López-Viña, César Picado
BACKGROUND: Bronchial hypersecretion is a poorly studied symptom in asthma. The aim of the study was to determine the specific characteristics of asthmatics with bronchial hypersecretion. METHODS: A total of 142 asthmatics (21.8% men; mean age 49.8 years) were prospectively followed for one year. Mucus hypersecretion was clinically classified into two severity categories: daily sputum production and frequent expectoration but not every day. Clinical and pulmonary function variables associated with mucus hypersecretion were assessed by multiple logistic regression analysis...
February 2018: Respiratory Medicine
Maria Paola Cecchini, Nicolò Cardobi, Andrea Sbarbati, Salvatore Monaco, Michele Tinazzi, Stefano Tamburin
Since 1800s there are reports of post-traumatic anosmia, but few studies investigated post-traumatic gustatory deficit and adopted validated evaluation tests. Peripheral and/or central mechanisms may be involved in the genesis of post-traumatic gustatory dysfunction. Beyond a reduction/loss (hypogeusia/ageusia) of gustatory function following a trauma, qualitative taste changes (dysgeusia) may occur. Especially when persistent, taste deficits might be particularly relevant for patient's quality of life and activities of daily life, but knowledge on this topic is limited...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Neurology
Basile N Landis, Julien W Hsieh, Géraldine Coppin
We report the case of a 27-year-old female who presented with a peculiar story of anosmia fluctuating in a circadian manner. Olfactory function appeared an hour after breakfast, was normal during daytime, and disappeared in the early evening. Imaging confirmed chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). Initial systemic, followed by topical steroid treatment, rapidly and sustainably reversed this condition. The olfactory fluctuation paralleled the endogenous steroid production. This suggests that slight congestion changes in a chronically inflamed nasal mucosa may have been sufficient to induce this circadian anosmia...
February 5, 2018: Laryngoscope
Thomas Humphries, Rajiv Singh
OBJECTIVES: Olfactory disturbance (OD) is common after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Screening for OD can be performed by several different methods. While odour identification tools are considered more accurate, they are time consuming. The predominant method in clinical practice remains the use of a single odour. This study aimed to compare a brief single-odour identification tool (BSOIT) with a more detailed 12-odour assessment tool. MATERIALS/METHODS: One hundred seventy consecutive patients with TBI had their olfaction assessed using BSOIT and a 12-item tool at a single time point...
February 2, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
Seyed Javad Seyed Toutounchi, Mohamad Yazdchi, Rana Asgari, Negisa Seyed Toutounchi
Introduction: Olfactory loss in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis has been measured by different methods. However, the results have been variable, and it is not clear whether endoscopic sinus surgery significantly improves olfactory function. This study was performed to evaluate the influence of endoscopic sinus surgery on olfactory function in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis. Materials and Methods: In this prospective analytic study, 73 patients (mean age, 39...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Murat Kiraz, Omur Gunaldi, Osman Tanriverdi, Ibrahim Erdim, Lutfi Sinasi Postalci, Bekir Tugcu, Mine Zahide Yazici
AIM: Thesurgical success rates of microscopic and endoscopic transsphenoidalapproaches for treatment of hypophyseal adenomas have often been compared. However, little has been reported regarding sinonasal complications of these approaches. We comparedsinonasal complications after microscopic and endoscopic approaches for hypophyseal adenomas. MATERIAL AND METHODS: At our clinic, sinonasal complications occurred in in 31 patients who underwent microscopic transsphenoidal surgery between 2007 and 2014 and in 32 patients who underwent endoscopic transsphenoidal surgery between 2014 and 2016...
December 17, 2017: Turkish Neurosurgery
Oded Nahlieli, Awfa Abu-Nimer, Boaz Forer, Abed Abu-Elhija, Dorit Dil Nahlieli, Andy A Boiangiu
OBJECTIVE: The present article reports how a dental implant with an internal port dental implant valve approach (DIVA) can be utilized as oroantral port to treat chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) in a minimally invasive manner. METHOD AND MATERIALS: Eleven patients (age mean 68.1 years) with CRS were subjected to the transimplant lavage technique. For three patients the CRS treatment was performed via previously installed dental implants, and for another eight patients the implantation procedure was combined with the CRS treatment...
January 22, 2018: Quintessence International
Ashley Wu, Michael A Garcia, Stephen T Magill, William Chen, Harish N Vasudevan, Arie Perry, Philip V Theodosopoulos, Michael W McDermott, Steve E Braunstein, David R Raleigh
BACKGROUND: Meningioma is the most common primary intracranial tumor and patients present with diverse neurologic symptoms related to meningioma location. OBJECTIVE: To systematically quantify the presenting symptoms of meningioma and identify prognostic factors for symptomatic outcome following resection. METHODS: Two-hundred eighty-three patients who underwent resection of 313 meningiomas at a single institution were retrospectively identified, including 161 WHO grade I (52...
December 14, 2017: World Neurosurgery
Ahmet Gorkem Yasak, Ozgur Yigit, Ela Araz Server, Sevgi Durna Dastan, Mehmet Gul
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed to functionally and morphologically demonstrate the effectiveness of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) on anosmia in a mouse model of anosmia. STUDY DESIGN: Animal study. METHODS: A total of 16 male mice were included. When selecting the mice, the food-finding test (FFT) was used to make sure that the animals could smell, and anosmia was induced by administration of intraperitoneal 3-methylindole. The mice were randomly divided into two groups of eight (groups A and B)...
December 15, 2017: Laryngoscope
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