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Renal nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531643/lipid-based-nutrient-supplements-containing-vitamins-and-minerals-attenuate-renal-electrolyte-loss-in-hiv-aids-patients-starting-antiretroviral-therapy-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-zambia
#1
D Munkombwe, T L Muungo, C Michelo, P Kelly, S Chirwa, S Filteau
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Advanced HIV infection combined with undernutrition and antiretroviral therapy (ART) places HIV/AIDS patients at high risk of electrolyte abnormalities and increased morbidity and mortality. Here, in a sub-study of a large published randomized trial, we evaluated if nutritional supplements will help curtail renal electrolyte loss in HIV/AIDS patients starting ART. METHODS: 130 malnourished HIV-positive patients referred for ART received lipid-based nutrient supplements alone (LNS, n = 63) or together with vitamins and minerals (LNS-VM, n = 67)...
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531400/parenteral-nutrition-in-renal-failure
#2
Bojan Knap
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528087/prognostic-value-of-inflammatory-and-nutritional-scores-in-renal-cell-carcinoma-after-nephrectomy
#3
Ding Peng, Zhi-Song He, Xue-Song Li, Qi Tang, Lei Zhang, Kai-Wei Yang, Xiao-Teng Yu, Cui-Jian Zhang, Li-Qun Zhou
INTRODUCTION: We compared the prognostic significance of inflammatory and nutritional scores, including the prognostic nutritional index (PNI), neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio, and lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio in patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) undergoing nephrectomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the data from 1360 patients with RCC undergoing nephrectomy from 2001 to 2010. The PNI was calculated as the serum albumin level (g/L) + 5 × lymphocyte count (10(9)/L)...
April 27, 2017: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508187/associations-between-serum-zinc-levels-and-mental-health-findings-from-the-2010-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#4
Na-Rae Kim, Ko-Woon Kim, Ha-Na Kim, Sang-Wook Song
Mental health problems are a major public health issue worldwide, and zinc may be associated with psychiatric symptoms, but such associations have not been investigated extensively. This study was conducted to evaluate the relationship between serum zinc levels and mental health problems in Korean adults. We used data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey V-1, a cross-sectional survey of Korean civilians. Data from 1748 subjects were analyzed. Serum zinc levels did not differ significantly according to psychiatric symptoms including sleep duration, stress, depressed mood, suicidal ideation, and whether respondents sought psychiatric consultation...
May 15, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506761/the-decline-in-kidney-function-with-chromium-exposure-is-exacerbated-with-co-exposure-to-lead-and-cadmium
#5
Tsung-Lin Tsai, Chin-Chi Kuo, Wen-Harn Pan, Yu-Teh Chung, Chiu-Ying Chen, Trong-Neng Wu, Shu-Li Wang
Environmental factors contribute significantly to the pathogenesis of chronic kidney disease. However, these factors, and particularly the toxic effects of heavy metals, have not been completely evaluated. Chromium is a widespread industrial contaminant that has been linked to nephrotoxicity in animal and occupational population studies. Nevertheless, its role in population renal health and its potential interactions with other nephrotoxic metals, such as lead and cadmium, remain unknown. We assessed the association between exposure to chromium, lead, and cadmium with renal function using estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in an analysis of 360 Taiwanese adults aged 19-84 years from the National Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan (2005-2008)...
May 12, 2017: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506221/the-association-between-urbanization-and-reduced-renal-function-findings-from-the-china-health-and-nutrition-survey
#6
Yosuke Inoue, Annie Green Howard, Amanda L Thompson, Michelle A Mendez, Amy H Herring, Penny Gordon-Larsen
BACKGROUND: While chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a growing public health concern in low- and middle-income countries, such as China, few studies have investigated the association between urbanization and the occurrence of CKD in those countries. METHODS: We investigated the association between urbanization and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), an important CKD risk marker. Data came from the China Health and Nutrition Survey wave 2009, in which we collected fasting serum, individual and household data along with community level urbanization data, which was used to derive a study-specific urbanization measure, in 218 communities across nine provinces...
May 15, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498788/nutritional-status-energy-expenditure-and-protein-oxidative-stress-after-kidney-transplantation
#7
Larissa Vieira Marino, Elen Almeida Romão, Paula Garcia Chiarello
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association between nutritional status, resting energy expenditure (REE), and protein oxidative stress in patients after kidney transplantation (KT). METHODOLOGY: The study evaluated 35 patients transplanted at the time of hospital discharge and 3 months after regarding: body composition, REE (by indirect calorimetry), and injury factor (IF); serum urea, creatinine, glucose, albumin, total protein, advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP), vitamin C...
May 12, 2017: Redox Report: Communications in Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497525/risk-of-end-stage-renal-disease-in-hiv-positive-potential-live-kidney-donors
#8
A D Muzaale, K N Althoff, C J Sperati, A G Abraham, L M Kucirka, A B Massie, M M Kitahata, M A Horberg, A C Justice, M J Fischer, M J Silverberg, A A Butt, S L Boswell, A R Rachlis, A M Mayor, M J Gill, J J Eron, S Napravnik, D R Drozd, J N Martin, R J Bosch, C M Durand, J E Locke, R D Moore, G M Lucas, D L Segev
New federal regulations allow HIV-positive individuals to be live kidney donors; however, potential candidacy for donation is poorly understood given the increased risk of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) associated with HIV infection. To better understand this risk, we compared the incidence of ESRD among 41 968 HIV-positive participants of North America AIDS Cohort Collaboration on Research and Design followed for a median of 5 years with the incidence of ESRD among comparable HIV-negative participants of National Health and Nutrition Examination III followed for a median of 14 years...
May 12, 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487264/optimizing-protein-intake-and-nitrogen-balance-opinib-in-adult-critically-ill-patients-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Matteo Danielis, Giulia Lorenzoni, Laura Cavaliere, Mariangela Ruffolo, Luca Peressoni, Amato De Monte, Rodolfo Muzzi, Fabio Beltrame, Dario Gregori
BACKGROUND: Adequate nutrition of critically ill patients plays a key role in the modulation of metabolic response to stress. OBJECTIVE: This paper presents the development of a protocol for a randomized controlled trial (RCT) aimed at comparing clinical outcomes of patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) administered with standard and protein-fortified diet. Together with the RCT study protocol, the results of the observational analysis conducted to assess the feasibility of the RCT are presented...
May 9, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472893/prevalence-and-related-factors-of-irregular-menstrual-cycles-in-korean-women-the-5th-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-knhanes-v-2010-2012
#10
Eun-Kyung Jung, Seok-Won Kim, Sun-Myeong Ock, Kyu-In Jung, Chan-Hee Song
INTRODUCTION: There have been few population-based studies reporting medical, lifestyle and psychological factors associated with irregular menstrual cycles. This study aimed to elucidate the prevalence and related factors of irregular menstrual cycles in Korean women. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from the 5th Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were used. Eligible women were 19-40 years old, not currently taking oral contraceptives or using intrauterine devices, and not currently pregnant or breast feeding, and had no medical history of hysterectomy, thyroid diseases, cancers or renal failure...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468895/vitamin-b-6-deficiency-is-common-and-associated-with-poor-long-term-outcome-in-renal-transplant-recipients
#11
Isidor Minović, Ineke J Riphagen, Else van den Berg, Jenny E Kootstra-Ros, Martijn van Faassen, Antonio W Gomes Neto, Johanna M Geleijnse, Reinold Ob Gans, Manfred Eggersdorfer, Gerjan J Navis, Ido P Kema, Stephan Jl Bakker
Background: Previous studies have reported low circulating concentrations of pyridoxal-5-phospate (PLP) in renal transplant recipients (RTRs). It is unknown whether this is because of low intake or altered handling, and it is also unknown whether variation in circulating concentrations of PLP influences long-term outcome.Objective: We compared vitamin B-6 intake and circulating PLP concentrations of RTRs with those of healthy controls and investigated long-term clinical implications of vitamin B-6 deficiency in stable outpatient RTRs...
May 3, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468893/continuous-renal-replacement-therapy-a-potential-source-of-calories-in-the-critically-ill
#12
Andrea M New, Erin M Nystrom, Erin Frazee, John J Dillon, Kianoush B Kashani, John M Miles
Background: Overfeeding can lead to multiple metabolic and clinical complications and has been associated with increased mortality in the critically ill. Continuous venovenous hemofiltration (CVVH) represents a potential source of calories that is poorly recognized and may contribute to overfeeding complications.Objective: We aimed to quantify the systemic caloric contribution of acid-citrate-dextrose regional anticoagulation and dextrose-containing replacement fluids in the CVVH circuit.Design: This was a prospective study in 10 critically ill adult patients who received CVVH from April 2014 to June 2014...
May 3, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468236/non-traditional-aspects-of-renal-diets-focus-on-fiber-alkali-and-vitamin-k1-intake
#13
Adamasco Cupisti, Claudia D'Alessandro, Loreto Gesualdo, Carmela Cosola, Maurizio Gallieni, Maria Francesca Egidi, Maria Fusaro
Renal diets for advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) are structured to achieve a lower protein, phosphate and sodium intake, while supplying adequate energy. The aim of this nutritional intervention is to prevent or correct signs, symptoms and complications of renal insufficiency, delaying the start of dialysis and preserving nutritional status. This paper focuses on three additional aspects of renal diets that can play an important role in the management of CKD patients: the vitamin K1 and fiber content, and the alkalizing potential...
April 29, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461706/possibilities-for-modifying-risk-factors-for-the-development-of-hospital-acquired-pneumonia-in-intensive-care-patients-results-of-a-retrospective-observational-study
#14
Radovan Uvizl, Milan Kolar, Tomas Herkel, Michaela Vobrova, Katerina Langova
BACKGROUND: Hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) development is affected by a range of risk factors. METHODS: A retrospective, observational study processing data on all consecutive intensive care patients older than 18 years of age between 1 January 2011 and 31 December 2015. The aim was to determine the incidence of potential risk factors and their impact on the development of HAP. RESULTS: A total of 2229 patients. The overall mortality was 24...
April 26, 2017: Biomedical Papers of the Medical Faculty of the University Palacký, Olomouc, Czechoslovakia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452932/eating-like-a-rainbow-the-development-of-a-visual-aid-for-nutritional-treatment-of-ckd-patients-a-south-african-project
#15
Cecile Verseput, Giorgina Barbara Piccoli
Providing nutritional education for chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients in South Africa is complicated by several conditions: the population is composed of diverse ethnic groups, each with its own culture and food preferences; eleven languages are spoken and illiteracy is common in the lower socio-economic groups. Food preparation and storage are affected by the lack of electricity and refrigeration, and this contributes to a monotonous diet. In traditional African culture, two meals per day are often shared "from the pot", making portion control difficult...
April 28, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446125/soluble-transferrin-receptor-as-a-marker-of-erythropoiesis-in-patients-undergoing-high-flux-hemodialysis
#16
Pei Yin, Jijun Li, Yan Song
Anemia is a common complication in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients receiving hemodialysis. The effect of high-flux dialysis (HFD) on anemia remains unclear. This prospective study aimed to evaluate the effect of HFD on anemia, and the potential of soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR) as a marker of iron status and erythropoiesis in CKD patients on hemodialysis. Forty patients, who switched from conventional low-flux dialysis to HFD for 12 months, were enrolled in this study. The levels of sTfR, hemoglobin, iron, and nutritional markers, as well as the dose of recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) and use of chalybeate were determined at 0, 2, 6, and 12 months after starting HFD...
April 27, 2017: Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434805/pressure-ulcers-in-icu-patients-incidence-and-clinical-and-epidemiological-features-a-multicenter-study-in-southern-brazil
#17
Delmiro Becker, Tatiane Cristiana Tozo, Saionara Savaris Batista, Andréa Luciana Mattos, Mirian Carla Bortolamedi Silva, Sabrina Rigon, Rosane Lucia Laynes, Edilaine C Salomão, Karina Drielli Gonçalves Hubner, Silvia Garcia Barros Sorbara, Péricles A D Duarte
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the incidence and risk factors of pressure ulcers (PU) in adult patients admitted to intensive care units (ICUs), as well as the outcome (including ICU and hospital mortality) of these patients. METHODS: Epidemiological cohort multicenter prospective study, evaluating patients admitted for a period of 31days (June 01 to July 01, 2015) until hospital discharge. Epidemiological and clinical data were collected daily until ICU discharge, as was the incidence of PU, either new or present on admission...
April 20, 2017: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434761/improvement-in-nutritional-status-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-4-by-a-nutrition-education-program-with-no-impact-on-renal-function-and-determined-by-male-sex
#18
Almudena Pérez-Torres, Elena González Garcia, Helena Garcia-Llana, Gloria Del Peso, Ana María López-Sobaler, Rafael Selgas
OBJECTIVE: Protein-energy wasting (PEW) is associated with increased morbidity and mortality and a rapid deterioration of kidney function in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, there is little information regarding the effect of nutrition intervention. The aims of this study were to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a nutrition education program (NEP) in patients with nondialysis dependent CKD (NDD-CKD), based on the diagnostic criteria for PEW proposed by the International Society of Renal Nutrition and Metabolism...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434010/dynamic-analysis-of-kidney-function-and-its-correlation-with-nutritional-indicators-in-a-large-sample-of-hospitalized-elderly-patients
#19
Li Qingping, Wei Ribao, Wang Yang, Su Tingyu, Yang Xi, Huang Mengjie, Miao Hui, Chen Xiangmei
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to analyze changes in kidney function and its correlation with nutritional metabolism indicators in hospitalized elderly patients in a large medical center over the past 7 years. MATERIAL AND METHODS The renal function of patients over 60 years old in the Chinese PLA General Hospital in 2008, 2011, and 2014 were comparatively analyzed. The hemoglobin, serum albumin, triglycerides, cholesterol, uric acid, and urea nitrogen data were collected and used as the nutritional metabolism indicators...
April 23, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433072/correlations-of-dietary-energy-and-protein-intakes-with-renal-function-impairment-in-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-with-or-without-diabetes
#20
Mei-En Chen, Shang-Jyh Hwang, Hung-Chun Chen, Chi-Chih Hung, Hsin-Chia Hung, Shao-Chun Liu, Tsai-Jiin Wu, Meng-Chuan Huang
Dietary energy and protein intake can affect progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD). CKD complicated with diabetes is often associated with a decline in renal function. We investigated the relative importance of dietary energy intake (DEI) and dietary protein intake (DPI) to renal function indicators in nondiabetic and diabetic CKD patients. A total of 539 Stage 3-5 CKD patients [estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR)<60 mL/min/1.73 m(2) using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease equation] with or without diabetes were recruited from outpatient clinics of Nephrology and Nutrition in a medical center in Taiwan...
May 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
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