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Renal nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663999/-analysis-of-high-risk-factors-of-intensive-care-unit-acquired-weakness-in-patients-with-sepsis
#1
Xiaofan Yu, Xiaohong Wan, Linjun Wan, Qingqing Huang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate high risk factors of intensive care unit-acquired weakness (ICUAW) in patients with sepsis. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted. 164 patients with mechanical ventilation (MV) who were diagnosed sepsis and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS), admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University from January 1st, 2015 to September 30th, 2017 were enrolled. The general situation, the basic diseases (hypertension, diabetes), body mass index (BMI), protopathy diseases, the level of albumin before ICU admission, the MV time, whether to use glucocorticoid and continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) or not, nutrition supply (nutritional way, nutrition initiation time, amino acid/protein supply, nutritional status on ICU 3 days and 7 days), myoglobin, the length of ICU stay, the length of hospital stay, and acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II (APACHE II) score were collected...
April 2018: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662747/nutritional-insufficiency-as-a-predictor-for-adverse-outcomes-in-adult-spinal-deformity-surgery
#2
Kevin Phan, Jun S Kim, Joshua Xu, John Di Capua, Nathan J Lee, Parth Kothari, Khushdeep S Vig, James Dowdell, Samuel K Cho
Study Design: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data. Objective: The effect of malnutrition on outcomes after general surgery has been well reported in the literature. However, there is a paucity of data on the effect of malnutrition on postoperative complications during adult deformity surgery. The study attempts to explore and quantify the association between hypoalbuminemia and postoperative complications. Methods: A retrospective cohort analysis was performed on the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS NSQIP) database from 2010 to 2014...
April 2018: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657203/the-development-of-malnutrition-is-not-dependent-on-its-traditional-contributing-factors-in-patients-on-maintenance-hemodialysis-in-developing-countries
#3
Syed Rizwan Ali Bokhari, Mirza Ameer Faizan Ali, Syed Arsalan Khalid, Bushra Iftikhar, Hafiz Ijaz Ahmad, Ahlam Safdar Hussain, Usman Yaqoob
Malnutrition in dialysis population is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Nutritional assessment is a neglected area in hemodialysis (HD) patients in developing countries. The aim of the study was to find out whether any traditional parameters have statistically significant correlation with malnutrition. All 58 end-stage renal disease patients on maintenance HD in our dialysis unit were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. The nutritional status was assessed by a predesigned questionnaire including subjective global assessment (SGA)...
March 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644468/-pharmacological-treatment-of-osteoarthritis-related-pain
#4
REVIEW
T A Nees, M Schiltenwolf
Joint pain due to osteoarthritis (OA) is often severe and disabling and affects a large proportion of the aging population impairing daily living and quality of life. Numerous pharmacological treatment approaches are available. Including major OA guidelines this review presents the current evidence of pharmacological therapies in OA-related pain and covers topical, oral and intraarticular treatment approaches. In patients with mild OA topical nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can be recommended...
April 11, 2018: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644065/frailty-and-chronic-kidney-disease-current-evidence-and-continuing-uncertainties
#5
Andrew C Nixon, Theodoros M Bampouras, Neil Pendleton, Alexander Woywodt, Sandip Mitra, Ajay Dhaygude
Frailty, the state of increased vulnerability to physical stressors as a result of progressive and sustained degeneration in multiple physiological systems, is common in those with chronic kidney disease (CKD). In fact, the prevalence of frailty in the older adult population is reported to be 11%, whereas the prevalence of frailty has been reported to be greater than 60% in dialysis-dependent CKD patients. Frailty is independently linked with adverse clinical outcomes in all stages of CKD and has been repeatedly shown to be associated with an increased risk of mortality and hospitalization...
April 2018: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614806/prediction-of-renal-acid-load-in-adult-patients-on-parenteral-nutrition
#6
Roberto Iacone, Clelia Scanzano, Anna D'Isanto, Andrea Vitalone, Ignazio Frangipane, Mariana D'Angeli, Lidia Santarpia, Franco Contaldo
Metabolic acidosis and metabolic bone disease are frequent complications in patients on parenteral nutrition (PN). A common contributor to these complications could be a daily high renal acid load. This study aims to find a method for predicting the potential total acid load (PTAL) and the pH of the compounded parenteral nutrition mixtures. The pH and titratable acidity (TA) of fifty compounded mixtures were measured. The potential metabolic acid load (PMAL) was calculated by considering the amount of nutrients that are acid producers and consumers...
April 2, 2018: Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611144/treatment-dose-and-the-elimination-rates-of-electrolytes-vitamins-and-trace-elements-during-continuous-veno-venous-hemodialysis-cvvhd
#7
Thomas Datzmann, Karl Träger, Bernd Schröppel, Helmut Reinelt, Philipp von Freyberg
INTRODUCTION: During continuous renal replacement therapy, achievement of recommended treatment dose is important. However, relevant substrate loss may occur and recommended nutrition during critical illness could not be sufficient for higher dialysis doses. We investigated the correlation of dialysis dose and substrate loss for a broad range of dialysis doses. METHODS: Forty critically ill patients with acute kidney injury undergoing citrate CVVHD were included in this prospective study...
April 2, 2018: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610590/effects-of-appropriate-nutrition-training-in-small-groups-on-laboratory-parameters-in-hemodialysis-patients-from-iran
#8
Nader Aghakhani, Seyyedeh Leila Hoseini, Kourosh Kamali, Davoud Vahabzadeh
Introduction: Adherence to appropriate nutrition and fluid intake is one of the essential parts of chronic renal failure treatment for achieving the desirable results among the patients with hemodialysis. Among various training methods, the "small groups' method", as an advanced method, can be performed by nurses in achieving desirable therapeutic results. The present study was aimed to investigate the effect of appropriate nutrition training in small groups on laboratory parameters in hemodialysis patients...
December 2017: Mædica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609980/age-and-gender-dependent-associations-of-blood-pressure-and-serum-sodium-and-potassium-renal-and-extrarenal-regulations
#9
Hongbing Sun, Michael Sun
Association analyses between blood pressure (BP) and serum sodium and potassium for 14,657 men and 16,977 women between ages 12 and 85 years show that responses of BP to serum sodium and potassium are age and gender dependent. The data were from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey between 2003 and 2014. Associations between serum sodium and BP are positive only for advanced age groups and for serum sodium level greater than 139-140 mmol/L in less advanced groups. These positive associations can be explained by traditional renal-centered mechanism...
March 21, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606271/-low-protein-diet-supplemented-with-ketoanalogues-of-amino-acids-in-patients-with-chronic-renal-insufficiency
#10
P Chauveau, C Lasseur, C Nodimar, K Moreau, S Trolonge, M Aparicio, C Combe
Restricted protein diets in patients with chronic kidney disease have been debated for several decades. In chronic kidney disease as in other chronic diseases, the modulation of the nutritional intake is the object of a certain renewal. It is supported by recent studies that highlight the importance of modulating nutrient intake by diets that are healthier, less rich in animal proteins and richer in plants. The recent reintroduction in France of amino acid supplements and ketoanalogs of amino acids allows the prescription of a very restricted diet...
April 2018: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603266/source-and-quality-of-enteral-nutrition-influences-oxidative-stress-in-preterm-infants-a-prospective-cohort-study
#11
Gerhard Fusch, Souvik Mitra, Heinrich Topp, Arnav Agarwal, So Hon Yiu, Josefin Bruhs, Niels Rochow, Anja Lange, Matthias Heckmann, Christoph Fusch
BACKGROUND: Preterm infants are at risk of oxidative stress from neonatal intensive care interventions. 8-Oxo-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxodG), generated by oxygen radical attack on DNA, is a potential marker of oxidative stress. The aim of the present study was to investigate the impact of quality and source of enteral nutrition (EN) on renal excretion of 8-oxodG in preterm infants. METHODS: Spontaneous urine samples were collected on postnatal days 26-31 in 33 preterm infants...
March 30, 2018: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29597214/evolution-of-technology-for-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy-forty-years-of-improvement
#12
Claudio Ronco
Continuous arteriovenous hemofiltration (CAVH) was proposed in 1977 as an alternative treatment for acute renal failure in patients in whom peritoneal dialysis or hemodialysis was clinically or technically precluded. In the mid-1980s, this technique was extended to infants and children. CAVH presented important advantages in the areas of hemodynamic stability, control of circulating volume, and nutritional support. However, there were serious shortcomings such as the need for arterial cannulation and limited solute clearance...
2018: Contributions to Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29597032/current-advanced-therapy-cell-based-medicinal-products-for-type-1-diabetes-treatment
#13
REVIEW
Alberto Cañibano-Hernández, Laura Sáenz Del Burgo, Albert Espona-Noguera, Jesús Ciriza, Jose Luis Pedraz
In the XXI century diabetes mellitus has become one of the main threats to human health with higher incidence in regions such as Europe and North America. Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) occurs as a consequence of the immune-mediated destruction of insulin producing β-cells located in the endocrine part of the pancreas, the islets of Langerhans. The administration of exogenous insulin through daily injections is the most prominent treatment for T1DM but its administration is frequently associated to failure in glucose metabolism control, finally leading to hyperglycemia episodes...
March 27, 2018: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596313/relationship-between-nutritional-status-and-gastrointestinal-symptoms-in-geriatric-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease-on-dialysis
#14
Dinorah Carrera-Jiménez, Paola Miranda-Alatriste, Ximena Atilano-Carsi, Ricardo Correa-Rotter, Ángeles Espinosa-Cuevas
Gastrointestinal symptoms (GIS) are common in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and are associated with nutritional risks resulting from low food intake. Little is known about the relationship between GIS and malnutrition in geriatric patients with ESRD. The main objective of this study was to determine the relationship between nutritional status and severity of GIS in geriatric patients on dialysis therapy. Clinically-stable geriatric patients (older than 60 years old) who were dialysis outpatients were included in this cross-sectional study...
March 29, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593798/depressive-symptoms-but-not-chronic-pain-have-an-impact-on-the-survival-of-patients-undergoing-maintenance-hemodialysis
#15
Mariusz Kusztal, Ewa Trafidło, Katarzyna Madziarska, Hanna Augustyniak-Bartosik, Maciej Karczewski, Waclaw Weyde, Magdalena Krajewska, Joanna Rymaszewska, Marian Klinger
Introduction: More than 1/3 of patients with end-stage renal disease who are in a chronic dialysis program suffer from chronic pain and depression/anxiety. The aim of the study was to determine the impacts of symptoms of depression/anxiety, chronic pain and quality of life (QoL) on 6-year patient survival. Material and methods: Observational study of end-stage renal disease patients on maintenance hemodialysis ( n = 205) who met the inclusion criteria. Patients from three dialysis centers in Lower Silesia were asked to complete a battery of validated questionnaires: the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), the 36-item Short Form Health Survey Questionnaire, the Verbal Rating Scale (VRS) and the Visual Analog Scale (VAS)...
March 2018: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576366/low-caloric-and-protein-intake-is-associated-with-mortality-in-patients-with-acute-kidney-injury
#16
M N B Bufarah, N A Costa, M P R P Losilla, N S C Reis, M Z C Silva, A L Balbi, D Ponce
BACKGROUND: Acute renal injury (AKI) interferes greatly with nutritional status, affecting the metabolism of all macronutrients and increased mortality rates in hospitalized patients. Our objective was to evaluate the association of nutritional parameters (albumin, cholesterol, caloric and protein intake and nitrogen balance (NB)) with mortality in patients with AKI. METHODS: This is a prospective observational study that evaluated 595 consecutive patients over the age of 18 years with AKI, requiring enteral or parenteral feeding...
April 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574673/the-association-between-renal-tubular-dysfunction-and-zinc-level-in-a-chinese-population-environmentally-exposed-to-cadmium
#17
Xiao Chen, Zhongqiu Wang, Guoying Zhu, Gunnar F Nordberg, Xiaoqiang Ding, Taiyi Jin
Studies in vivo and in vitro have shown a protective effect of zinc against renal dysfunction caused by cadmium exposure. However, limited human data is available. In this study, we evaluated the association between renal tubular dysfunction and body zinc burden in a Chinese population exposed to cadmium. A total of 331 subjects (170 women and 161 men) living in control and cadmium-polluted area were included. Blood cadmium (BCd), urinary cadmium (UCd), serum zinc (SZn), zinc in hair (HZn), Zn/Cd ratio, and urinary β2 Microglobulin (UBMG) were measured...
March 25, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569270/effect-of-nutritional-status-on-arsenic-and-smokeless-tobacco-induced-genotoxicity-sperm-abnormality-and-oxidative-stress-in-mice-in-vivo
#18
Samrat Das, Pimily Langthasa, Dharmeswar Barhoi, Puja Upadhaya, Sarbani Giri
BACKGROUND: Recently, high concentrations of arsenic have been documented in ground waters of Southern Assam, India. Indiscriminate smokeless tobacco consumption is a common practice in this region. Correlation between nutritional status and arsenic and smokeless tobacco-induced health effects has not been taken up in humans or other test systems. METHODS: Mice were divided into groups based on protein (casein) content in the diet: High protein (40%), optimum protein (20%), and low protein (5%)...
March 22, 2018: Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568552/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-renal-dysfunction-in-patients-on-tenofovir-disoproxil-fumarate-based-antiretroviral-regimens-for-hiv-infection-in-southern-india
#19
EDITORIAL
Nagalingeswaran Kumarasamy, Sruthi Sundaram, Selvamuthu Poongulali, Chandrasekaran Ezhilarasi, Ambrose Pradeep, Devaraj Chitra
Objectives: Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) is a nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitor commonly used in the treatment of HIV infection. This retrospective study aims to establish the prevalence of abnormal renal function among patients with HIV receiving TDF, and to investigate the risks for TDF-related renal dysfunction in this population. Methods: Patients at the YRGCARE Medical Centre, Voluntary Health Services, receiving TDF-containing antiretroviral (ART) regimens between January 2002 and March 2017, were assessed for renal dysfunction using creatinine level and eGFR (DAIDS/NIH) during continuum of care...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Virus Eradication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555548/working-party-approved-by-the-french-society-of-anaesthesia-and-intensive-care-medicine-sfar-and-the-french-society-for-the-study-of-diabetes-sfd
#20
Gaëlle Cheisson, Sophie Jacqueminet, Emmanuel Cosson, Carole Ichai, Anne-Marie Leguerrier, Bogdan Nicolescu-Catargi, Alexandre Ouattara, Igor Tauveron, Paul Valensi, Dan Benhamou
Follow on from continuous intravenous administration of insulin with an electronic syringe (IVES) is an important element in the postoperative management of a diabetic patient. The basal-bolus scheme is the most suitable taking into account the nutritional supply and variable needs for insulin, reproducing the physiology of a normal pancreas: (i) slow (long-acting) insulin (= basal) which should immediately take over from IVES insulin simulating basal secretion; (ii) ultra-rapid insulin to simulate prandial secretion (= bolus for the meal); and (iii) correction of possible hyperglycaemia with an additional ultra-rapid insulin bolus dose...
March 16, 2018: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
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