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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243213/accuracy-of-co-morbidity-data-in-patients-undergoing-abdominal-wall-hernia-repair-a-retrospective-study
#1
S Hajibandeh, S Hajibandeh, R Deering, D McEleney, J Guirguis, S Dix, A Sreh, E Toner, A El Muntasar, A Kausar, G Sheikh, D OShea, A Shafiq, A Kelly, A Khan, D Arumugam, A Evans
OBJECTIVES: To determine the baseline accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) of routinely collected co-morbidity data in patients undergoing abdominal wall hernia repair. METHODS: All patients aged > 18 who underwent umbilical, para-umbilical, inguinal or incisional hernia repair between 1 January 2015 and 1 November 2016 were identified. All parts of the clinical notes were searched for co-morbidities by two authors independently...
December 14, 2017: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242954/-abdominal-lymphatic-malformations-german-version
#2
REVIEW
W A Wohlgemuth, L M Dendl, R Brill, F Stangl, D Stoevesandt, A G Schreyer
BACKGROUND: Abdominal lymphatic malformations (LM) are relatively rare findings in the differential diagnosis of focal abdominal lesions; however, they represent a challenge especially in younger patients. The aim of this review article is to provide up-to-date information about the different kinds of LM manifestations. In addition, related syndromes and typical imaging features to facilitate the diagnosis are discussed. RESULTS: The clinical presentation of abdominal LM is unspecific, whereby most are asymptomatic and comprise incidental findings of thin-walled cystic masses anywhere in the abdomen...
December 14, 2017: Der Radiologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241998/the-prevalence-and-morphology-of-the-corona-mortis-crown-of-death-a-meta-analysis-with-implications-in-abdominal-wall-and-pelvic-surgery
#3
Beatrice Sanna, Brandon Michael Henry, Jens Vikse, Bendik Skinningsrud, Jakub R Pękala, Jerzy A Walocha, Roberto Cirocchi, Krzysztof A Tomaszewski
PURPOSE: Corona mortis is a highly variable vascular connection between the obturator and external iliac or inferior epigastric arteries or veins located behind the superior pubic ramus in the retropubic space (space of Retzius). Due to the significant variation in this collateral circulation, detailed anatomical knowledge of the corona mortis is vital to enhance the prevention of possible iatrogenic errors in hernia repair and other pubic surgical procedures. The aim of our meta-analysis was to provide comprehensive data on the prevalence, anatomical characteristics, and ethnic variations of the corona mortis vessel...
December 9, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241963/negative-pressure-wound-therapy-in-pediatric-surgery-how-and-when-to-use
#4
REVIEW
Lisieux Eyer de Jesus, Alana Bandeira Martins, Pablo Baptista Oliveira, Fernanda Gomes, Thais Leve, Samuel Dekermacher
INTRODUCTION: Negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) has been widely adopted to treat laparostomy, abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) and complicated wounds associated with tissue loss. The method presents specific aspects, advantages and indications in Pediatrics. Our aim is to review the evidence available about NPWT in children. METHODS: Active search for papers about NPWT in Pediatric patients. Papers referring to orthopedic problems, wound complications after Cardiac Surgery or burns were excluded...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241725/value-of-water-enema-computed-tomography-in-elderly-symptomatic-patients
#5
Heyfa Romdhane, Imen Marzouk, Zeineb Mzoughi, Meriem Cheikh, Meriem Dridi, Houcem Fadhl, Rym Ennaifer, Najet Belhadj
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Colonoscopy remains the gold standard for the examination of the colon. However, its use in the elderly is not well tolerated, and there is often a need for general anaesthesia, thus increasing the risk, especially if there are co-morbidities. Water enema computed tomography has been suggested to be a satisfactory alternative as a non-invasive, fast and effective means for the diagnosis of colorectal supra-centimetric lesions. The aim of our study was to assess the performance of water enema computed tomography as first-line examination by calculating its negative predictive value (NPV) for the diagnosis of supra-centimetric lesions in symptomatic elderly referred to colonoscopy...
December 11, 2017: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241163/diagnosis-and-management-of-necrotizing-enterocolitis-an-international-survey-of-neonatologists-and-pediatric-surgeons
#6
Mélanie Valpacos, Delphine Arni, Amy Keir, Ann Aspirot, James C H Wilde, Spencer Beasley, Daniele De Luca, Riccardo E Pfister, Oliver Karam
BACKGROUND: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a serious complication of prematurity. Currently, there is limited evidence to guide investigation and treatment strategies. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the parameters used to diagnose or exclude NEC, and to identify differences between neonatologists and pediatric surgeons. METHODS: A scenario-based survey was sent to neonatologists and pediatric surgeons. RESULTS: 173 physicians from 26 countries completed the survey (55% neonatologists and 45% pediatric surgeons)...
December 15, 2017: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238828/validation-of-the-strain-assessment-of-an-abdominal-phantom-aortic-aneurysm-comparison-of-results-obtained-from-magnetic-resonance-imaging-measurements-and-stereovision-measurements
#7
Yufei Wang, David Joannic, Patrick Juillion, Aurélien Monnet, Patrick Delassus, Alain Lalande, Jean-Francois Fontaine
Predicating aortic aneurysm ruptures is a complex problem that has been investigated by many research teams over several decades. Work on this issue is notably complex and involves both the mechanical behavior of the artery and the blood flow. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can provide measurements concerning the shape of an organ and the blood that flows through it. Measuring local distortion of the artery wall is the first essential element to evaluate a ruptured artery. This paper aims to demonstrate the feasibility of this measure by MRI on phantom realistic abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA)...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238022/-coexistence-of-takayasu-s-arteritis-and-inflammatory-colitis-detected-by-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomography
#8
Yoshiro Horai, Shota Kurushima, Takashi Igawa, Kunihiro Ichinose, Hideki Nakamura, Atsushi Kawakami
  A woman in her thirties was diagnosed as Takayasu's arteritis (TAK) by dilatation, wall thickness of her abdominal aorta in contrast-enhanced computed tomography. Although she didn't have any subjective bowel symptoms, fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-positron emission tomography (PET) also revealed uptake of FDG in descending colon, and colonoscopy revealed aphthous colitis. After the start of steroid therapy, both arteritis and colitis were improved. FDG-PET can detect TAK and inflammatory bowel diseases at an early stage...
2017: Nihon Rinshō Men'eki Gakkai Kaishi, Japanese Journal of Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237538/periconception-exposure-to-air-pollution-and-risk-of-congenital-malformations
#9
Sheng Ren, Erin Haynes, Eric Hall, Monir Hossain, Aimin Chen, Louis Muglia, Long Lu, Emily DeFranco
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between increased exposure to airborne fine particulate matter (PM2.5) during the periconception period with risk of congenital anomalies. STUDY DESIGN: Using birth certificate data from the Ohio Department of Health (2006-2010) and PM2.5 data from the US Environmental Protection Agency's 57 monitoring stations located throughout Ohio, the geographic coordinates of the mother's residence for each birth were linked to the nearest PM2...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236795/comparative-study-of-intraperitoneal-adhesions-related-to-light-weight-polypropylene-mesh-and-type-i-polymerized-and-purified-bovine-collagen-coated-light-weight-polypropylene-mesh-in-rabbits
#10
Diego Paim Carvalho Garcia, Clarissa Santos, Cristiana Buzelin Nunes, Marcelo Araújo Buzelin, Andy Petroianu, Luiza Ohasi de Figueiredo, Andreia Souto da Motta, Cristiane de Barros Gaspar, Luiz Ronaldo Alberti
PURPOSE: To compare the effectiveness of light-weight polypropylene mesh coated with polymerized and purified bovine type I collagen (Surgidry HNB) in the treatment of abdominal wall defect and the degree of adhesion formation. METHODS: Two types of polypropylene mesh were implanted after creation of defect measuring 6.0cm X 5.5cm in the anterior abdominal wall of 32 male New Zealand breed rabbits, divided in two groups (n = 32): (1) light-weigh macroporous polypropylene, (2) type I polymerized and purified bovine collagen coated light-weigh macroporous polypropylene...
November 2017: Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234944/investigating-the-mincing-method-for-isolation-of-adipose-derived-stem-cells-from-pregnant-women-fat
#11
Yuan-Sheng Li, Pao-Jen Chen, Li-Wei Wu, Pei-Wen Chou, Li-Yi Sun, Tzyy-Wen Chiou
The success of stem cell application in regenerative medicine, usually require a stable source of stem or progenitor cells. Fat tissue represents a good source of stem cells because it is rich in stem cells and there are fewer ethical issues related to the use of such stem cells, unlike embryonic stem cells. Therefore, there has been increased interest in adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) for tissue engineering applications. Here, we aim to provide an easy processing method for isolating adult stem cells from human adipose tissue harvested from the subcutaneous fat of the abdominal wall during gynecologic surgery...
December 12, 2017: Cytotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234935/cardiac-and-respiratory-gated-volumetric-murine-ultrasound
#12
Arvin H Soepriatna, Frederick W Damen, Pavlos P Vlachos, Craig J Goergen
Current cardiovascular ultrasound mainly employs planar imaging techniques to assess function and physiology. These techniques rely on geometric assumptions, which are dependent on the imaging plane, susceptible to inter-observer variability, and may be inaccurate when studying complex diseases. Here, we developed a gated volumetric murine ultrasound technique to visualize cardiovascular motion with high spatiotemporal resolution and directly evaluate cardiovascular health. Cardiac and respiratory-gated cine loops, acquired at 1000 frames-per-second from sequential positions, were temporally registered to generate a four-dimensional (4D) dataset...
December 12, 2017: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234058/relation-of-ultrasound-findings-and-abdominal-symptoms-obtained-with-the-cfabd-score-in-cystic-fibrosis-patients
#13
Harold Tabori, Anke Jaudszus, Christin Arnold, Hans-Joachim Mentzel, Michael Lorenz, Ruth K Michl, Thomas Lehmann, Diane M Renz, Jochen G Mainz
Abdominal symptoms are a hallmark of Cystic fibrosis (CF). Yet, their association with morphological abnormalities of different abdominal organs is still poorly understood. Aim was therefore to relate these symptoms, assessed with a questionnaire, to findings in abdominal ultrasound (US). In 114 CF patients of all ages, findings in US considering seventeen specific parameters were related to abdominal symptoms compiled with our novel CF-specific 26-modal symptom score (CFAbd-Score). US abnormalities were detected in 95% of the patients...
December 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233624/first-and-second-trimester-screening-for-fetal-structural-anomalies
#14
REVIEW
Lindsay Edwards, Lisa Hui
Fetal structural anomalies are found in up to 3% of all pregnancies and ultrasound-based screening has been an integral part of routine prenatal care for decades. The prenatal detection of fetal anomalies allows for optimal perinatal management, providing expectant parents with opportunities for additional imaging, genetic testing, and the provision of information regarding prognosis and management options. Approximately one-half of all major structural anomalies can now be detected in the first trimester, including acrania/anencephaly, abdominal wall defects, holoprosencephaly and cystic hygromata...
December 9, 2017: Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232529/arantius-ligament-suspension-a-novel-technique-for-retraction-of-the-left-lateral-lobe-liver-during-laparoscopic-isolated-caudate-lobectomy
#15
Songshan Chai, Jianping Zhao, Yuxin Zhang, Shuai Xiang, Wanguang Zhang
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic isolated caudate lobectomy remains a challenging procedure because of its deep location and proximity to the important vessels. We present a novel technique, Arantius ligament suspension, which could improve operative field exposure in laparoscopic isolated caudate lobectomy through retraction of the left lateral lobe liver. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Arantius ligament suspension technique was performed in 6 selected patients during laparoscopic isolated caudate lobectomy in our center: 2 with symptomatic hepatic cavernous hemangioma and 4 with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232006/reconstruction-of-a-large-full-thickness-abdominal-wall-defect-with-flow-through-based-alt-flaps-a-case-report
#16
Dong Yeon Kim, Junho Lee, Jeong Tae Kim, Hye Kyung Chang, Suk-Ho Moon
An extensive 35 × 20 cm sized full-thickness abdominal wall defect was created after resection of aggressive abdominal fibromatosis in a 19-year-old male patient. Immediate reconstruction was not possible due to prolonged operation time and resulting severe bowel edema. A silicone sheet with NPWT was applied over the exposed viscera. After 1 week, silicone sheet was substituted with a composite mesh. Then, abdominal wall reconstruction with bilateral free anterolateral thigh (ALT) flaps (30 × 12 cm and 25 × 12 cm sized) was performed...
December 12, 2017: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229950/aneurysm-severity-is-increased-by-combined-mmp-7-deletion-and-n-cadherin-mimetic-ec4-fc-over-expression
#17
Cressida A Lyon, Helen Williams, Rosaria Bianco, Steven J Simmonds, Bethan A Brown, Kerry S Wadey, Frank C T Smith, Jason L Johnson, Sarah J George
There is an unmet need for treatments to reduce abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) progression. Vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) apoptosis precipitates AAA formation, whereas VSMC proliferation repairs the vessel wall. We previously demonstrated that over-expression of EC4-Fc (truncated N-cadherin), or deletion of matrix-metalloproteinase-7 (Mmp-7) reduced VSMC apoptosis in mouse atherosclerotic plaques. Additionally, MMP-7 promotes VSMC apoptosis by cleavage of N-cadherin. We investigated their combined effect on AAA formation...
December 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229479/defining-normal-neonatal-abdominal-wall-musculature-with-ultrasonography
#18
Adam Ofri, Tim Schindler, Anthony Dilley, John Pereira, Susan Adams
INTRODUCTION: The development of new surgical approaches for the management of congenital abdominal wall defects may be facilitated by using an animal model. However, because the anatomy of the neonatal abdominal wall has not been described, a suitable model is yet to be identified. We aimed to evaluate and define the neonatal abdominal wall musculature using ultrasound, to be used as a reference to identify an appropriate animal model for the neonatal abdominal wall in the future. METHODS: Infants with a postconceptual age of less than one month weighing between 2 and 3 kg were eligible...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229138/abdominal-wall-reconstruction-after-cytoreduction-surgery-hyperthermic-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy
#19
Anthony J Scholer, Joseph B Oliver, Jesus Rosado, Jimmy S Patel, Lindsay J Lynch, Kevin M Spiegler, Karen Houck, Ravi J Chokshi
BACKGROUND: Cytoreduction surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) improve survival and decrease recurrence of peritoneal metastasis in a select population of patients. Abdominal wall resection is often needed to achieve complete CRS and the extent of abdominal wall resection may necessitate abdominal wall reconstruction (AWR). We sought to investigate if postoperative morbidity and mortality was increased in patients who underwent AWR with CRS-HIPEC (AWR group) compared to CRS-HIPEC without AWR (non-AWR group) and to identify if patient, tumor, and operative risk factors were associated with poor outcomes following AWR...
January 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227195/a-new-method-for-laparoscopic-stamm-gastrostomy
#20
Mete Kaya, Serpil Sancar, Esra Ozcakir
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Many methods of laparoscopic gastrostomy have been described, but in the majority of these, purse-string sutures and fixation of the stomach to the abdominal wall are not performed simultaneously. In this study, we aim to present a new laparoscopic gastrostomy tube (GT) placement method developed in accordance with the classical Stamm method. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Intracorporeal purse-string suture is placed at the anterior wall of the stomach where the GT is intended to be placed...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
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