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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109122/bleeding-in-the-retroperitoneal-space-under-the-broad-ligament-as-a-result-of-uterine-perforation-after-dilatation-and-curettage-report-of-a-case
#1
Hisato Tokuda, Satoshi Nakago, Hiroki Kato, Tetsuya Oishi, Fumikazu Kotsuji
Uterine perforation, a complication of dilation and curettage, is typically recognized immediately after the procedure by clinical symptoms of peritoneal irritation resulting from intraperitoneal bleeding. Our patient complained of having an uncomfortable feeling, slight dizziness, palpitation in the sitting position and abdominal discomfort but did not show signs of peritoneal irritation 24 h after dilation and curettage. However, she suddenly complained of abdominal pain. Tenderness and rebound tenderness were detected at the lower abdominal wall...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108633/hemoperitoneum-secondary-to-intercostal-arterial-bleeding-in-a-trauma-patient
#2
K Laeeq, S Cheung, B Phillips
Blunt trauma resulting in rib fractures can be associated with hemothorax, pneumothorax, pulmonary contusions or less frequently chest and abdominal wall hematomas. Our case describes the first report of hemoperitoneum secondary to intercostal arterial bleeding from blunt trauma in a patient on anticoagulation.
January 19, 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108042/diagnostic-accuracy-of-transabdominal-ultrasound-in-chronic-pancreatitis
#3
Trond Engjom, Dag A Sangnes, Roald F Havre, Friedemann Erchinger, Khanh Do-Cong Pham, Ingfrid S Haldorsen, Odd H Gilja, Georg Dimcevski
The performance of transabdominal ultrasound (US) in chronic pancreatitis (CP) following the advances in US technology made during recent decades has not been explored. Our aim in this prospective study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of modern abdominal US compared with the Mayo score in CP. One hundred thirty-four patients referred for suspected CP were included in the study. Fifty-four patients were assigned the diagnosis CP. After inclusion, transabdominal US was performed. Ductal features (calculi, dilations and caliber variations, side-branch dilations and hyper-echoic duct wall margins) and parenchymal features (calcifications, cysts, hyper-echoic foci, stranding, lobulation and honeycombing) were recorded...
January 17, 2017: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105356/conversion-therapy-for-pancreatic-cancer-with-peritoneal-metastases-using-intravenous-and-intraperitoneal-paclitaxel-with-s-1
#4
Hiromitsu Kitayama, Yasushi Tsuji, Tomohiro Kondo, Junko Sugiyama, Michiaki Hirayama, Kazuyuki Yamamoto, You Kawarada, Yumiko Oyamada, Satoshi Hirano
Combination chemotherapy consisting of systemic and intraperitoneal agents against peritoneal metastases from several types of cancer has shown promising results. We herein report a case in which combination therapy with intravenous and intraperitoneal paclitaxel with S-1 converted an unresectable pancreatic cancer with peritoneal metastases into a resectable one. The patient was a 65-year old woman with recurrent pancreatitis for 5 months. Endoscopic ultrasonography-guided fine-needle aspiration revealed minute epithelial masses composed of cells with irregular nuclei in the pancreatic body...
December 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105132/unenhanced-areas-revealed-by-contrast-enhanced-abdominal-ultrasonography-with-sonazoid%C3%A2-potentially-correspond-to-colorectal-cancer
#5
Minoru Tomizawa, Mizuki Togashi, Fuminobu Shinozaki, Rumiko Hasegawa, Yoshinori Shirai, Midori Noritake, Yukie Matsuoka, Hiroaki Kainuma, Yasuji Iwasaki, Kazunori Fugo, Yasufumi Motoyoshi, Takao Sugiyama, Shigenori Yamamoto, Takashi Kishimoto, Naoki Ishige
The present study investigated the potential utility of contrast-enhanced abdominal ultrasonography (CEUS), using Sonazoid™, in colorectal cancer (CRC). Three patients were subjected to CEUS with Sonazoid™. Surgical specimens were immunostained for CD31. Numbers of blood vessels positive for CD31 were analyzed in each of five fields at ×400 magnification and averaged to determine blood vessel density. Blood vessel density was compared between non-tumorous and tumorous areas. Prior to the administration of Sonazoid™, CRC was illustrated as irregular-shaped wall thickening...
December 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104496/risk-factors-clinical-presentation-and-outcomes-for-abdominal-wall-endometriosis
#6
Zaraq Khan, Valentina Zanfagnin, Sherif A El-Nashar, Bimbola O Famuyide, Gaurang S Daftary, Matthew R Hopkins
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate risk factors, presentation and outcomes in cases of abdominal wall endometriosis. DESIGN: This is a case control study. DESIGN CLASSIFICATION: Canadian Task Force classification II-2 SETTING: Academic medical center PATIENTS: Total of 102 (34 cases and 68 controls) were included. INTERVENTION(S): Surgical resection of abdominal wall endometriosis. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Cases underwent surgical excision for abdominal wall endometriosis at Mayo Clinic from January 1, 2000 through December 31, 2013...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104280/-robot-assisted-frykman-goldberg-procedure-case-report
#7
Gregorio Zubieta-O'Farrill, Moisés Ramírez-Ramírez, Eduardo Villanueva-Sáenz
BACKGROUND: Rectal prolapse is defined as the protrusion of the rectal wall through the anal canal; with a prevalence of less than 0.5%. The most frequent symptoms include pain, incomplete defecation sensation with blood and mucus, fecal incontinence and/or constipation. The surgical approach can be perineal or abdominal with the tendency for minimal invasion. Robot-assisted procedures are a novel option that offer technique advantages over open or laparoscopic approaches. CASE REPORT: 67 year-old female, who presented with rectal prolapse, posterior to an episode of constipation, that required manual reduction, associated with transanal hemorrhage during defecation and occasional fecal incontinence...
January 16, 2017: Cirugia y Cirujanos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103499/incarcerated-incisional-hernia-of-the-sigmoid-colon-after-appendectomy-a-case-report
#8
Pyong Wha Choi
INTRODUCTION: Incisional hernia after appendectomy is rare, affecting 0.4% to 0.9% of cases. The small bowel and omentum are commonly herniated through the abdominal wall defect, but incisional hernia of the sigmoid colon is extremely rare. CASE PRESENTATION: A 78-year-old man presented with a right lower quadrant abdominal wall mass on the previous McBurney incision site. He had a history of appendectomy for appendicitis 40 years ago. Computed tomography (CT) showed the sigmoid colon herniated thorough the abdominal wall defect...
January 5, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102927/complex-abdominal-wall-reconstruction-in-the-setting-of-active-infection-and-contamination-a-systematic-review-of-hernia-and-fistula-recurrence-rates
#9
REVIEW
Jonathan D Hodgkinson, Yasuko Maeda, Cosimo A Leo, Janindra Warusavitarne, Carolynne J Vaizey
INTRODUCTION: Minimal evidence exists to guide the surgeon on the risk of complications when performing abdominal wall reconstruction (AWR) in the presence of active infection, contamination or enterocutaneous fistula. This study aims to establish the outcomes of contaminated complex AWR. METHODS: Analysis was conducted according to PRISMA guidelines. Systematic search of the MEDLINE, EMBASE and Pubmed databases was performed. Studies reporting exclusively on single-staged repair of contaminated complex AWR were included...
January 19, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101617/a-new-ct-guided-modified-trocar-technique-for-drainage-of-difficult-locations-abscesses
#10
Chiang J Tyng, Maurício K Amoedo, Yves Bohrer, Almir G V Bitencourt, Paula N V Barbosa, Maria Fernanda A Almeida, Charles E Zurstrassen, Felipe J F Coimbra, Wilson L da Costa, Rubens Chojniak
PURPOSE: Computed tomography (CT) is commonly used to guide drainage of deep-seated abdominal fluid collections. However, in some cases, these collections seem to be inaccessible due to surrounding organs or their being in difficult locations. The aim of this study is to describe a modified Trocar technique to drain collections in difficult locations, especially those in the subphrenic space, without passing through intervening organs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective case series study describes seven inpatients who underwent CT-guided drainage using a modified Trocar technique for abscesses that are difficult to access percutaneously...
January 18, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100060/boerhaave-s-syndrome-diagnostic-gastroscopy
#11
Rocío Ferreiro-Iglesias, Manuel Narciso Blanco Freire, Manuel Paz Novo, J Enrique Domínguez Muñoz
A 47-year-old man was attended at the emergency room for severe chest pain after eating sausage with subsequent vomiting and mild upper gastrointestinal bleeding. In the chest radiography we could not see abnormalities. He referred previous episodes of choking without consulting. The urgent gastroscopy detected tertiary contractile activity (nutcracker esophagus) and a foreign body in the lower third of the esophagus. After removing the food bolus, we observed a 4 cm longitudinal tear compatible with esophageal rupture or Boerhaave's syndrome in the right posterior wall of the lower esophagus, proximal to the gastroesophageal junction...
January 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100056/pneumatosis-cystoides-intestinalis
#12
Adriana Fabiola Romano-Munive, Rafael Barreto-Zuñiga
A 54-year-old woman underwent colonoscopy for colon cancer screening. Colonoscopy showed multiple cysts in the sigmoid colon, with the largest being 4 cm in diameter. One of the cysts was biopsied. Cyst walls were observed; during biopsy, the gas was released and the cyst collapsed. Computed tomography of the abdomen confirmed a diagnosis of pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis. Pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis is a rare disease characterized by the presence in the intestinal submucosa or subserosa of multiple cysts filled with gas (nitrogen, oxygen, carbon dioxide and hydrogen)...
January 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098413/dermatomal-spread-following-posterior-transversus-abdominis-plane-block-in-pediatric-patients-our-initial-experience
#13
Maria A Hernandez, Tricia Vecchione, Karen Boretsky
INTRODUCTION: Several techniques for the transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block have been described. The extent of sensory changes using an ultrasound-guided posterior TAP block (pTAP) remains unclear in pediatric patients. The primary aim of this study was to report the extent of sensory changes achieved with pTAP; specifically the highest thoracic dermatome anesthetized. Secondary outcomes were pain scores (PS), opioid consumption, and complications. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients less than 21 years of age undergoing abdominal surgery with a unilateral or bilateral pTAP(s) for postoperative analgesia...
January 18, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097852/laryngotracheal-edema-due-to-thermal-injury-a-complication-after-thyroidectomy-in-children
#14
Pinar Kendigelen, Ayse C Tutuncu, Gulruh Ashyralyyeva, Senol Emreb, Seval Urkmez, Tughan Utkua, Guner Kaya
Postoperative respiratory insufficiency is a serious complication of total thyroidectomies which can be multifactorial, especially in children. We report two siblings who had undergone thyroidectomy with subsequent respiratory distress. Electrothermal bipolar and harmonic scalpel were used during thyroid dissections. Both patients had early postoperative respiratory problems. The older one suffered from mild respiratory distress for 24 hours and then he spontaneously recovered. The younger one was extubated but then she had serious stridor accompanied with abdominal and intercostal retractions...
1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097449/open-retromuscular-large-mesh-reconstruction-of-lumbar-incisional-hernias-including-the-atrophic-muscular-area
#15
Y Renard, L de Mestier, A Cagniet, N Demichel, C Marchand, J-L Meffert, R Kianmanesh, J-P Palot
PURPOSE: Lumbar incisional hernias (LIH) are a rare wall defect, whose surgical management is challenging because no recommendation exists. Moreover, LIH are frequently associated with flank bulging which should be taken into account during LIH surgical repair. We aimed to describe a cohort of patients operated on for LIH using a homogeneous surgical technique and to report surgical outcomes. METHODS: The records of all consecutive patients operated on in a specialized surgical center between January 2009 and January 2015 were retrospectively reviewed...
January 17, 2017: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096643/intestinal-obstruction-associated-with-ovarian-remnant-in-postmenopausal-female
#16
Ridhima Gupta, Pushpender Gupta
Ovarian remnant syndrome (ORS) is a rare condition, in which the ovarian tissue is inadvertently left behind after difficult oophorectomy. The most common preexisting conditions associated for this complication include endometriosis, pelvic inflammatory disease, and prior abdominal surgery as in these conditions, removal of ovarian tissue becomes difficult. This is likely due to the presence of the dense fibrotic adhesions between an ovary and the surrounding structures. This residual ovarian tissue can become functional and cystic...
October 2016: Journal of Mid-life Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093615/the-open-abdomen-route-by-eurahs-introduction-of-the-data-set-and-initial-results-of-procedures-and-procedure-related-complications
#17
A Willms, F Muysoms, C Güsgen, R Schwab, J Lock, S Schaaf, C Germer, I Richardsen, U Dietz
INTRODUCTION: Open abdomen management has become a well-established strategy in the treatment of serious intra-abdominal pathologies. Key objectives are fistula prevention and high fascial closure rates. The current level of evidence on laparostoma is insufficient. This is due to the rareness of laparostomas, the heterogeneity of study cohorts, and broad diversity of techniques. Collecting data in a standardised, multicentre registry is necessary to draw up evidence-based guidelines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In order to improve the level of evidence on laparostomy, CAMIN (surgical working group for military and emergency surgery) of DGAV (German Society for General and Visceral Surgery), initiated the implementation of a laparostomy registry...
January 16, 2017: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093117/the-biological-prosthesis-is-a-viable-option-for-abdominal-wall-reconstruction-in-pediatric-high-risk-defects
#18
Osnat Zmora, Shannon L Castle, Stephanie Papillon, James E Stein
BACKGROUND: Our aim was to explore the indications for and outcome of biological prostheses to repair high risk abdominal wall defects in children. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed of all cases of abdominal wall reconstruction in a single institution between 2007 and 2015. Demographic and clinical variables, technique and complications were described and compared between prosthesis types. RESULTS: A total of 23 patients underwent abdominal wall reconstruction using a biological prosthesis including 17 neonates...
January 6, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090187/recurrent-intestinal-obstruction-in-a-patient-with-selective-iga-deficiency
#19
Chee-Kin Hui
A 32 year old woman presented with acute onset of abdominal pain and fever. An urgent computerised tomography (CT) of the whole abdomen showed dilated loop at the terminal ileum in the right lower abdomen with thickening of the wall and oedema. The CT was suggestive of distal small bowel obstruction at the ileum with surrounding wall oedema. Multiple biopsies taken from the terminal ileum and colon on colonoscopy were all unremarkable. She represented one-year later with a recurrence of intestinal obstruction...
November 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088944/gastroduodenal-artery-aneurysm-a-rare-complication-of-traumatic-pancreatic-injury
#20
Annu Babu, Amulya Rattan, Maneesh Singhal, Amit Gupta, Subodh Kumar
Aneurysm of gastroduodenal artery (GDA) is rare. Most reported cases are due to pancreatitis and atherosclerosis; however, those following pancreatic trauma have not been reported. We encoun- tered GDA aneurysm in a patient of blunt abdominal trauma, who had pancreatic contusion and retroduodenal air on contrast enhanced computed tomography of abdomen. Emergency laparotomy for suspected duodenal injury revealed duodenal wall and pancreatic head contusion, mild hemo- peritoneum and no evidence of duodenal perforation...
December 1, 2016: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
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