keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Abdominal wall

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454267/necrotizing-infection-of-the-heart
#1
David H Ballard, George Patton Pennington, George P Pennington, Joe Johnson, Sanjeev Bhalla, Constantine Raptis
A case of necrotizing infection of the heart is presented. A 70-year-old woman presented with vague chest and abdominal pain. CT of the abdomen and pelvis was initially obtained, which demonstrated gas in the myocardium of the left ventricle. Subsequent chest CT, endoscopy, and abdominal surgical exploration did not reveal perforated viscus or diaphragm compromise. At median sternotomy, the inferior wall of the heart was found to be necrotic. Culture of the excised tissue grew E. coli. The patient expired shortly after surgical exploration...
February 6, 2018: Clinical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453515/micro-fragmented-adipose-tissue-injection-for-the-treatment-of-complex-anal-fistula-a-pilot-study-accessing-safety-and-feasibility
#2
G Naldini, A Sturiale, B Fabiani, I Giani, C Menconi
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of autologous, micro-fragmented and minimally manipulated adipose tissue injection associated closure of the internal opening in promoting healing of complex anal fistula. METHODS: A pilot study was conducted on patients referred to our center with anal fistula, from April 2015-December 2016. Inclusion criteria were age over 16 years old and a diagnosis of complex anal fistula according to the American Gastroenterological Association classification The patients were divided into 2 groups; the "first time group" (Group I) in which micro-fragmented adipose tissue injection with closure of the internal opening was the first sphincter-saving procedure, and the "recurrent group" (Group II) consisting of patients who had failed prior sphincter-saving procedures...
February 16, 2018: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452784/abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-sex-differences
#3
REVIEW
Christina Villard, Rebecka Hultgren
OBJECTIVE: Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) predominantly affects an elderly male population. Even so, AAA appears more detrimental in women, who experience a higher risk of aneurysm rupture and a worse outcome after surgery than men. Why women are privileged from yet are worse off once affected has been attributed to an effect of sex hormones. This review summarizes the knowledge of sex differences in AAA and addresses the changes in the aneurysm wall from a gender perspective. METHOD: Standard reporting guidelines set by the PRISMA Group were followed to identify studies examining AAA from a gender perspective...
March 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451331/sliding-free-transverse-rectus-abdominis-myocutaneous-flap-for-closure-of-a-massive-abdominal-wall-defect-a-case-report
#4
Annika Senghaas, Thomas Kremer, Volker J Schmidt, Leila Harhaus, Christoph Hirche, Ulrich Kneser, Amir K Bigdeli
Despite considerable advances in reconstructive surgery, massive abdominal wall defects continue to pose a significant surgical challenge. We report the case of a 72-year-old morbidly obese female patient with Clostridium septicum-related gas gangrene of the abdominal wall. After multidisciplinary treatment and multiple extensive debridements, a massive full-thickness defect (40 cm × 35 cm) of the right abdominal wall was present. The abdominal contents were covered with a resorbable mesh to prevent evisceration...
February 16, 2018: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448888/cross-linked-cholecyst-derived-extracellular-matrix-for-abdominal-wall-repair
#5
Jeffrey Chee Yean Chan, Krishna Burugapalli, Yi-Shiang Huang, Jack L Kelly, Abhay Pandit
Abdominal wall repair frequently utilizes either non-degradable or bio-degradable meshes, which are found to stimulate undesirable biological tissue responses or which possess suboptimal degradation rate. In this study, a biologic mesh prototype made from carbodiimide-cross-linked cholecyst-derived extracellular matrix (EDCxCEM) was compared with small intestinal submucosa (Surgisis®), cross-linked bovine pericardium (Peri-Guard®), and polypropylene (Prolene®) meshes in an in vivo rabbit model. The macroscopic appearance and stereological parameters of the meshes were evaluated...
February 16, 2018: Tissue Engineering. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447856/laparoscopic-sacrohysteropexy-in-a-12-weeks-pregnant-woman
#6
Berna Haliloglu Peker, Erdin Ilter, Hakan Peker, Aygen Celik, Ali Gursoy, Onur Gunaldi
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate laparoscopic sacrohysteropexy for a case of uterine prolapse in a 12 weeks and 3 days pregnant woman. To our knowledge, this is the first case of laparoscopic sacrohysteropexy performed at 12th weeks of gestation to be reported in literature. DESIGN: A step-by-step explanation of the surgical procedure (Canadian Task Force classification III) SETTING: Uterine prolapse is very rare condition manifesting in an estimated 10000 to 15000 pregnancies (1)...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446991/fluid-structure-interaction-modeling-of-aneurysmal-arteries-under-steady-state-and-pulsatile-blood-flow-a-stability-analysis
#7
Mohammadali Sharzehee, Seyed Saeid Khalafvand, Hai-Chao Han
Tortuous aneurysmal arteries are often associated with a higher risk of rupture but the mechanism remains unclear. The goal of this study was to analyze the buckling and post-buckling behaviors of aneurysmal arteries under pulsatile flow. To accomplish this goal, we analyzed the buckling behavior of model carotid and abdominal aorta with aneurysms by utilizing fluid-structure interaction (FSI) method with realistic waveforms boundary conditions. FSI simulations were done under steady-state and pulsatile flow for normal (1...
February 15, 2018: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446669/segmental-arterial-mediolysis-abdominal-imaging-of-and-disease-course-in-111-patients
#8
Sailen G Naidu, Christine O Menias, Rahmi Oklu, Robert S Hines, Kinan Alhalabi, Gerges Makar, Fadi E Shamoun, Stanislav Henkin, Robert D McBane
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to identify the imaging characteristics of segmental arterial mediolysis (SAM) at presentation and establish the longitudinal course of disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively identified patients with SAM at a single institution from 2000 through 2015. Diagnosis was based on published guidelines with multidisciplinary consensus. Imaging studies obtained at initial evaluation were reviewed to evaluate imaging findings and vascular territory distribution...
February 15, 2018: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444277/pathophysiology-and-management-of-abdominal-myofascial-pain-syndrome-amps-a-three-year-prospective-audit-of-a-management-pathway-in-120-patients
#9
Gopinath Niraj
Background: Chronic abdominal wall pain arising from the myofascial structures is termed abdominal myofascial pain syndrome and is an important cause of refractory abdominal pain that utilizes significant health care costs. The current literature is vague on its management. Design: The author presents a prospective audit of a structured management pathway and discusses the pathophysiology of abdominal myofascial pain syndrome. The objective was to identify an effective and durable treatment for the individual patient and evaluate patient satisfaction with the management pathway...
February 9, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442058/multiparametric-evaluation-of-risk-factors-associated-to-seroma-formation-in-abdominal-wall-surgery
#10
L Licari, G Salamone, Z Parinisi, S Campanella, C Sabatino, G Ciolino, P De Marco, N Falco, S Boventre, G Gulotta
INTRODUCTION: Incisional hernia is one of the main topics in the general surgery since there is not a unanimous consensus concerning to the best surgical methodology to adopt. It seems that prosthetic surgery is the best technique, even if responsible for the development of periprosthetic seroma. The aim of this study is to assess whether the preoperative abnormalities of the bio-humoral parameters may be considered as risk factors for seroma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From July 2016 to July 2017 at the "Policlinico Paolo Giaccone", Palermo, Department of Emergency Surgery, 56 patients included in this study, underwent laparotomic mesh repair...
November 2017: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438059/electroporation-of-postimplantation-mouse-embryos-in-utero
#11
Cheng-Chiu Huang, Abel Carcagno
Gene transfer by electroporation is possible in mouse fetuses within the uterus. As described in this protocol, the pregnant female is anesthetized, the abdominal cavity is opened, and the uterus with the fetuses is exteriorized. A solution of plasmid DNA is injected through the uterine wall directly into the fetus, typically into a cavity like the brain ventricle, guided by fiber optic illumination. Electrodes are positioned on the uterus around the region of the fetus that was injected, and electrical pulses are delivered...
February 1, 2018: Cold Spring Harbor Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437572/cilostazol-attenuates-angiotensin-ii-induced-abdominal-aortic-aneurysms-but-not-atherosclerosis-in-apolipoprotein-e-deficient-mice
#12
Ryoko Umebayashi, Haruhito A Uchida, Yuki Kakio, Venkateswaran Subramanian, Alan Daugherty, Jun Wada
OBJECTIVE: Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a permanent dilation of the abdominal aorta associated with rupture, which frequently results in fatal consequences. AAA tissue is commonly characterized by localized structural deterioration accompanied with inflammation and profound accumulation of leukocytes, although the specific function of these cells is unknown. Cilostazol, a phosphodiesterase III inhibitor, is commonly used for patients with peripheral vascular disease or stroke because of its anti-inflammatory effect, which is vasoprotective effects through its anti-inflammatory effect...
February 8, 2018: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436874/the-influence-of-fiber-dispersion-on-the-mechanical-response-of-aortic-tissues-in-health-and-disease-a-computational-study
#13
Justyna A Niestrawska, Daniel Ch Haspinger, Gerhard A Holzapfel
Changes in the structural components of aortic tissues have been shown to play a significant role in the pathogenesis of aortic degeneration. Therefore, reliable stress analyses require a suitable and meaningful constitutive model that captures micro-structural changes. As recent data show, in-plane and out-of-plane collagen fiber dispersions vary significantly between healthy and aneurysmatic aortic walls. The aim of this study is to computationally investigate the influence of fiber dispersion on the mechanical response of aortic tissues in health and disease...
February 13, 2018: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434948/granulocyte-colony-stimulating-factor-producing-mucinous-cystic-neoplasm-with-an-associated-invasive-carcinoma-of-the-pancreas
#14
Kazuhide Shimamatsu, Yoshiki Naito, Yutaro Mihara, Masamichi Nakayama, Masahiko Tanigawa, Yushi Abe, Ken Nakamura, Toshihiro Araki, Kenji Sakata, Kazunori Noguchi, Jun Akiba, Hirohisa Yano, Osamu Nakashima
The present case study documents an autopsy case of granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF)-producing mucinous cystic neoplasm (MCN), with an associated invasive carcinoma of the pancreas. A 65-year-old woman presented to Omuta City Hospital (Omuta Japan) with a primary complaint of abdominal pain. Multiple liver nodules and a pancreatic cyst were detected upon abdominal computed tomography. Initially, liver abscess was suspected as the patient exhibited leukocytosis and elevated C-reactive protein level...
February 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434652/the-open-abdomen-in-trauma-and-non-trauma-patients-wses-guidelines
#15
REVIEW
Federico Coccolini, Derek Roberts, Luca Ansaloni, Rao Ivatury, Emiliano Gamberini, Yoram Kluger, Ernest E Moore, Raul Coimbra, Andrew W Kirkpatrick, Bruno M Pereira, Giulia Montori, Marco Ceresoli, Fikri M Abu-Zidan, Massimo Sartelli, George Velmahos, Gustavo Pereira Fraga, Ari Leppaniemi, Matti Tolonen, Joseph Galante, Tarek Razek, Ron Maier, Miklosh Bala, Boris Sakakushev, Vladimir Khokha, Manu Malbrain, Vanni Agnoletti, Andrew Peitzman, Zaza Demetrashvili, Michael Sugrue, Salomone Di Saverio, Ingo Martzi, Kjetil Soreide, Walter Biffl, Paula Ferrada, Neil Parry, Philippe Montravers, Rita Maria Melotti, Francesco Salvetti, Tino M Valetti, Thomas Scalea, Osvaldo Chiara, Stefania Cimbanassi, Jeffry L Kashuk, Martha Larrea, Juan Alberto Martinez Hernandez, Heng-Fu Lin, Mircea Chirica, Catherine Arvieux, Camilla Bing, Tal Horer, Belinda De Simone, Peter Masiakos, Viktor Reva, Nicola DeAngelis, Kaoru Kike, Zsolt J Balogh, Paola Fugazzola, Matteo Tomasoni, Rifat Latifi, Noel Naidoo, Dieter Weber, Lauri Handolin, Kenji Inaba, Andreas Hecker, Yuan Kuo-Ching, Carlos A Ordoñez, Sandro Rizoli, Carlos Augusto Gomes, Marc De Moya, Imtiaz Wani, Alain Chichom Mefire, Ken Boffard, Lena Napolitano, Fausto Catena
Damage control resuscitation may lead to postoperative intra-abdominal hypertension or abdominal compartment syndrome. These conditions may result in a vicious, self-perpetuating cycle leading to severe physiologic derangements and multiorgan failure unless interrupted by abdominal (surgical or other) decompression. Further, in some clinical situations, the abdomen cannot be closed due to the visceral edema, the inability to control the compelling source of infection or the necessity to re-explore (as a "planned second-look" laparotomy) or complete previously initiated damage control procedures or in cases of abdominal wall disruption...
2018: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434413/influence-of-ultrasound-transducer-tilt-in-the-cranial-and-caudal-directions-on-measurements-of-inter-rectus-distance-in-parous-women
#16
Nicole F Hills, Nadia Keshwani, Linda McLean
Purpose: An increased inter-rectus distance (IRD) can persist after a pregnancy and may be associated with lumbopelvic dysfunction. Ultrasound imaging (USI) is currently the gold standard for measuring IRD; however, no study has explored the need to standardize the transducer angle during these evaluations. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the angle of the ultrasound transducer relative to the underlying abdominal wall has an effect on measurements of IRD in parous women. Method: Ultrasound images of the linea alba (LA) were captured from 15 women, at rest and during a head lift, beginning with images acquired perpendicular to the LA at the midline, then tilted in 5° increments to 15° in both the cranial and the caudal directions...
2018: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433874/acellular-derivatives-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells-prevent-peritoneal-adhesions-in-an-animal-model
#17
Daniel Rojo, Paulette Conget
BACKGROUND: Peritoneal adhesions are nonanatomical connections that bind organs to the abdominal wall or among them. They arise after peritoneal injury, which triggers an inflammatory response followed by a healing process that leads to fibrotic tissue formation. Mesenchymal stem cells and their secretion products, also referred to as acellular derivatives (ACDs), have anti-inflammatory, fibrinolytic, and antifibrogenic properties. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of intraoperative administration of ACD on the appearance, severity, and progression of peritoneal adhesions, in an animal model...
March 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433870/parecoxib-s-effects-on-anastomotic-and-abdominal-wound-healing-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Eirini Martinou, Stamatoula Drakopoulou, Eftychia Aravidou, Theodore Sergentanis, Agathi Kondi-Pafiti, Eriphyli Argyra, Dionysios Voros, Georgios P Fragulidis
BACKGROUND: Current evidence regarding the effects of selective cyclooxygenase inhibitors on gastrointestinal anastomoses is controversial. An experimental randomized control study was conducted in our institution to histopathologically evaluate the consequences of parecoxib, on intestinal and abdominal wound healing. METHODS: Twenty-four adult Wistar rats underwent laparotomy, ascending colon transection, and hand-sewn anastomosis. They were randomized to receive either parecoxib (0...
March 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433406/chest-wall-metastasis-of-endometrial-cancer-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
Osman Nuri Dilek, Emine Özlem Gür, Turan Acar, Serpil Aydoğmuş
INTRODUCTION: Endometrial cancer is the fourth most common female cancer and also distant metastases to the chest wall associated with these tumors are seen less common. Surgical treatment options for metastases of endometrial cancer are limited. CASE: A 57-year-old patient who underwent total abdominal hysterectomy + bilateral salpingo oophorectomy and received adjuvant chemotherapy for endometrioid-type adenocarcinoma of the endometrium and tuba is presented...
February 12, 2018: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432192/cysteinyl-leukotriene-receptor-1-antagonism-prevents-experimental-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm
#20
Antonio Di Gennaro, Ana Carolina Araújo, Albert Busch, Hong Jin, Dick Wågsäter, Emina Vorkapic, Kenneth Caidahl, Per Eriksson, Bengt Samuelsson, Lars Maegdefessel, Jesper Z Haeggström
Cysteinyl-leukotrienes (cys-LTs) are 5-lipoxygenase-derived lipid mediators involved in the pathogenesis and progression of inflammatory disorders, in particular asthma. We have previously found evidence linking these mediators to increased levels of proteolytic enzymes in tissue specimens of human abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). Here we show that antagonism of the CysLT1 receptor by montelukast, an established antiasthma drug, protects against a strong aorta dilatation (>50% increase = aneurysm) in a mouse model of CaCl 2 -induced AAA at a dose comparable to human medical practice...
February 5, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
keyword
keyword
21048
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"