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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656381/cowpea-an-overview-on-its-nutritional-facts-and-health-benefits
#1
REVIEW
Chathuni Jayathilake, Rizliya Visvanathan, Afka Deen, Ruksheela Bangamuwage, Barana C Jayawardana, Srinivas Nammi, Ruvini Liyanage
Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is a legume consumed as a high-quality plant protein source in many parts of the world. High protein and carbohydrate contents with relatively low fat content and complementary amino acid pattern to that of cereal grains make cowpea an important nutritional food in the human diet. Cowpea has gained more attention recently from consumers and researchers worldwide due to its exerted health beneficial properties including anti-diabetic, anti-cancer, anti-hyperlipidemic, anti-inflammatory and anti-hypertensive properties...
April 15, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656127/the-protective-effects-of-taurine-on-oxidative-stress-cytoplasmic-free-ca-2-and-apoptosis-of-pufferfish-takifugu-obscurus-under-low-temperature-stress
#2
Chang-Hong Cheng, Zhi-Xun Guo, An-Li Wang
The present study was aimed to investigate the low temperature toxicity and its protection by taurine in pufferfish. The experimental basal diets supplemented with taurine at the rates of 250 (control), 550, 850, 1140, 1430, 1740 mg kg-1 were fed to fish for 8 weeks. The results showed that fish fed diet with taurine had significantly improved weight gain and specific growth rate. After the feeding trial, the fish were then exposed to low temperature stress. The results showed that low temperature stress could induce reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, disturb the cytoplasm Ca2+ homeostasis, and lead to oxidative stress and apoptosis...
April 12, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652550/chia-seed-supplementation-reduces-senescence-markers-in-epididymal-adipose-tissue-of-high-fat-diet-fed-samp8-mice
#3
Yehua Rui, Shengyi Yang, Li-Hua Chen, Li-Qiang Qin, Zhongxiao Wan
Adipose tissue is a key organ with substantial senescent cell accumulation under both obesity and aging conditions. Chia seed is an ancient seed and is the richest plant source of α-linolenic acid. We aimed to determine how cellular senescence markers will be altered in adipose tissue of senescence-accelerated mouse-prone 8 (SAMP8) mice fed with high-fat diets (HFDs); and how chia seed can affect the above markers. SAMP8 mice and their control senescence-accelerated mouse-resistant 1 (SAMR1) were divided into four groups, that is, SAMR1 low-fat diet group (R1LF), SAMP8LF group (P8LF), SAMP8 high-fat group (P8HF), and SAMP8HF group supplemented with 10% chia seed (P8HC)...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651541/monovalerin-and-trivalerin-increase-brain-acetic-acid-decrease-liver-succinic-acid-and-alter-gut-microbiota-in-rats-fed-high-fat-diets
#4
Thao Duy Nguyen, Olena Prykhodko, Frida Fåk Hållenius, Margareta Nyman
PURPOSE: Short-chain fatty acids (SCFA) are known for their anti-inflammatory properties and may also prevent against the development of metabolic diseases. This study investigated possible effects of two valeric acid esters, monovalerin (MV) and trivalerin (TV) in rats fed high-fat diets. METHODS: Four groups of rats were given a low-fat diet (LF) or a high-fat control diet (HFC) with or without supplementation of MV or TV (5 g/kg) for 3 weeks (n = 7/group)...
April 12, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644942/postnatal-undernutrition-in-mice-causes-cardiac-arrhythmogenesis-which-is-exacerbated-when-pharmacologically-stressed
#5
J R Visker, D P Ferguson
Growth restriction caused by postnatal undernutrition increases risk for cardiovascular disease in adulthood with the potential to induce arrhythmogenesis. Thus, the purpose was to determine if undernutrition during development produced arrhythmias at rest and when stressed with dobutamine in adulthood. Mouse dams were fed (CON: 20% protein), or low-protein (LP: 8%) diet before mating. A cross-fostering model was used where pups nursed by dams fed LP diet in early [EUN; postnatal day (PN) 1-10], late (LUN; PN11-21) and whole (PUN; 1-21) phases of postnatal life...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644487/therapeutic-use-of-carbohydrate-restricted-diets-in-an-autistic-child-a-case-report-of-clinical-and-18fdg-pet-findings
#6
Iwona Żarnowska, Beata Chrapko, Grażyna Gwizda, Anna Nocuń, Krystyna Mitosek-Szewczyk, Maciej Gasior
The ketogenic diet (KD) is a high-fat, adequate-protein, and low-carbohydrate diet that has been used successfully in the treatment of refractory epilepsies for almost 100 years. There has been accumulating evidence to show that the KD may provide a therapeutic benefit in autism spectrum disorders, albeit by a yet-unknown mechanism. We report a case of a 6-year-old patient with high-functioning autism and subclinical epileptic discharges who responded poorly to several behavioural and psychopharmacological treatments...
April 11, 2018: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643928/effect-of-low-energy-diet-for-eight-weeks-to-adults-with-overweight-or-obesity-on-folate-retinol-vitamin-b-12-d-and-e-status-and-the-degree-of-inflammation-a-post-hoc-analysis-of-a-randomized-intervention-trial
#7
Nina Rica Wium Geiker, Mette Veller, Louise Kjoelbaek, Jette Jakobsen, Christian Ritz, Anne Raben, Arne Astrup, Janne Kunchel Lorenzen, Lesli H Larsen, Susanne Bügel
Background: Obesity is associated with vitamin insufficiency and low grade inflammation. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of weight loss on folate, retinol, vitamin B12 , D and E status and the degree of inflammation. Methods: Out of 110, 85 individuals (75% women) aged 39 ± 11 years with a mean ± SD BMI of 33 ± 4 kg/m2 , completed an eight-week low energy diet (LED). Serum concentration of folate, retinol, B12 , D and E and C-reactive protein and homocysteine (Hcy) were measured at baseline and at end of the LED...
2018: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629279/effects-of-education-on-low-phosphate-diet-and-phosphate-binder-intake-to-control-serum-phosphate-among-maintenance-hemodialysis-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Eunsoo Lim, Sunah Hyun, Jae Myeong Lee, Seirhan Kim, Min-Jeong Lee, Sun-Mi Lee, Ye-Sung Oh, Inwhee Park, Gyu-Tae Shin, Heungsoo Kim, Donald E Morisky, Jong Cheol Jeong
Background: For phosphate control, patient education is essential due to the limited clearance of phosphate by dialysis. However, well-designed randomized controlled trials about dietary and phosphate binder education have been scarce. Methods: We enrolled maintenance hemodialysis patients and randomized them into an education group (n = 48) or a control group (n = 22). We assessed the patients' drug compliance and their knowledge about the phosphate binder using a questionnaire...
March 2018: Kidney Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628462/-long-term-dietary-nitrite-and-nitrate-deficiency-causes-metabolic-syndrome-endothelial-dysfunction-and-cardiovascular-death-in-mice
#9
Mika Kina-Tanada, Mayuko Sakanashi, Akira Arasaki, Masato Tsutsui
Nitric oxide (NO) is synthesized not only from L-arginine by NO synthases (NOSs), but also from its inert metabolites, nitrite and nitrate. Green leafy vegetables are abundant in nitrate, however whether or not a deficiency in dietary nitrite/nitrate spontaneously causes disease remains to be clarified. In this study, we tested our hypothesis that long-term dietary nitrite/nitrate deficiency induces metabolic syndrome (MetS) in mice. To this end, we prepared a low nitrite/nitrate diet (LND) consisting of an amino acid-based low nitrite/nitrate chow in which the contents of L-arginine, fat, carbohydrates, protein, and energy were identical with a regular chow, and potable ultrapure water...
2018: Nihon Yakurigaku Zasshi. Folia Pharmacologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627983/fish-oil-supplementation-alleviates-the-altered-lipid-homeostasis-in-blood-liver-and-adipose-tissues-in-high-fat-diet-fed-rats
#10
Chen-Yuan Chiu, Lou-Pin Wang, Shing-Hwa Liu, Meng Tsan Chiang
This study investigated the effects of dietary supplementation of fish oil on the signals of lipid metabolism involved in hepatic cholesterol and triglyceride influx and excretion in high-fat diet (HFD)-fed rats. Fish oil (FO) repressed body (HFD: 533±18.2 g, HFD+FO: 488±28.0 g, p<0.05) and liver weights (HFD: 5.7±0.6 g/100 g body weight, HFD+FO: 4.8±0.4 g/100 g body weight, p<0.05) in HFD-fed rats. Fish oil could also improve HFD-induced imbalance of lipid metabolism in blood, liver, and adipose tissues including the significant decreases in plasma and liver total cholesterol (TC) (plasma-HFD: 113±33...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625124/theophylline-suppresses-interleukin-6-expression-by-inhibiting-glucocorticoid-receptor-signaling-in-pre-adipocytes
#11
Takakazu Mitani, Tomohide Takaya, Naoki Harada, Shigeru Katayama, Ryoichi Yamaji, Soichiro Nakamura, Hitoshi Ashida
Adipose tissues in obese individuals are characterized by a state of chronic low-grade inflammation. Pre-adipocytes and adipocytes in this state secrete pro-inflammatory adipokines, such as interleukin 6 (IL-6), which induce insulin resistance and hyperglycemia. Theophylline (1,3-dimethylxanthine) exerts anti-inflammatory effects, but its effects on pro-inflammatory adipokine secretion by pre-adipocytes and adipocytes have not been examined. In this study, we found that theophylline decreased IL-6 secretion by 3T3-L1 pre-adipocytes and mouse-derived primary pre-adipocytes...
April 4, 2018: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623687/qualitative-and-quantitative-detection-of-chicken-deoxyribonucleic-acid-dna-in-dry-dog-foods
#12
K Hołda, M Natonek-Wiśniewska, P Krzyścin, R Głogowski
Chicken is a common protein source in pet foods and is concurrently listed among food allergens. Commercial over-the-counter (OTC) diets with an alternative animal protein source are considered suitable for dietary elimination trials by pet owners. The potential presence of undeclared chicken-derived ingredients in these diets can compromise the outcome of the trial during the diagnosis of adverse food reactions. The aim of this study was to selectively verify the absence or presence of chicken DNA in 10 OTC dry canine foods, using qualitative and quantitative approaches...
April 2018: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621327/effects-of-feed-allowance-and-indispensable-amino-acid-reduction-on-feed-intake-growth-performance-and-carcass-characteristics-of-growing-pigs
#13
Stefano Schiavon, Mirco Dalla Bona, Giuseppe Carcò, Luca Carraro, Lutz Bunger, Luigi Gallo
The hypothesis that pigs placed on diets with reduced indispensable amino acid (AA) content attempts to offset the reduction in the nutrient density with increased feed intake was tested. In the experiment, feeds with a high or a low AA content were administrated to pigs fed ad-libitum or restrictively according to a 2 × 2 factorial design. Ninety-six barrows were housed in 8 pens (12 pigs/pen) equipped with automatic feeders. Within pen, and from 47 body weight (BW) onwards, 6 pigs were fed ad libitum. The others pigs were allowed to consume, as a maximum, the feed amounts indicated by the breeding company feeding plane to optimize the feed efficiency...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619113/analysis-of-circulating-angiopoietin-like-protein-3-and-genetic-variants-in-lipid-metabolism-and-liver-health-the-diogenes-study
#14
Anne Lundby Hess, Jérôme Carayol, Trine Blædel, Jörg Hager, Alessandro Di Cara, Arne Astrup, Wim H M Saris, Lesli Hingstrup Larsen, Armand Valsesia
Background: Angiopoietin-like protein 3 (ANGPTL3), a liver-derived protein, plays an important role in the lipid and lipoprotein metabolism. Using data available from the DiOGenes study, we assessed the link with clinical improvements (weight, plasma lipid, and insulin levels) and changes in liver markers, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase (AST), adiponectin, fetuin A and B, and cytokeratin 18 (CK-18), upon low-calorie diet (LCD) intervention. We also examined the role of genetic variation in determining the level of circulating ANGPTL3 and the relation between the identified genetic markers and markers of hepatic steatosis...
2018: Genes & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618325/chylopericardium-in-a-child-with-iga-nephropathy-a-case-report
#15
Yu-Lin Kang, Yun Cui, Ying Wu, Shen Hao, Xin-Yu Kuang, Yu-Cai Zhang, Wen-Yan Huang, Guang-Hua Zhu
BACKGROUND: Chylopericardium effusion is characterized by the accumulation of milky effusion in the pericardium. It is often idiopathic but it can be secondary to trauma, chest radiation, tuberculosis and malignancy. If cardiac tamponade ensues, it becomes life-threatening. Herein we describe chylopericardium tamponade in a child with IgA nephropathy. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of chylopericardium tamponade in IgA nephropathy. CASE PRESENTATION: A 6 years old boy with IgA nephropathy presented with dyspnea, orthopnea, pretibial pitting edema, ascites and fever...
April 5, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618018/patterns-of-plant-and-animal-protein-intake-are-strongly-associated-with-cardiovascular-mortality-the-adventist-health-study-2-cohort
#16
Marion Tharrey, François Mariotti, Andrew Mashchak, Pierre Barbillon, Maud Delattre, Gary E Fraser
Background: Current evidence suggests that plant and animal proteins are intimately associated with specific large nutrient clusters that may explain part of their complex relation with cardiovascular health. We aimed at evaluating the association between specific patterns of protein intake with cardiovascular mortality. Methods: We selected 81 337 men and women from the Adventist Health Study-2. Diet was assessed between 2002 and 2007, by using a validated food frequency questionnaire...
April 2, 2018: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617868/responses-in-the-rumen-microbiome-of-bos-taurus-and-indicus-steers-fed-a-low-quality-rice-straw-diet-and-supplemented-protein
#17
E A Latham, K K Weldon, T A Wickersham, J A Coverdale, W E Pinchak
Bos indicus typically perform better than Bos taurus when consuming a low-quality diet; however, the response to supplementation is generally greater in B. taurus. The underlying mechanisms supporting these responses have not been fully elucidated. Characterization of differences in rumen prokaryotic populations and their functional role in the two subspecies may provide additional insight. Ten cannulated steers (5 Angus and 5 Brahman) were used in concurrent 5 × 5 Latin squares. Animals were offered ad libitum access to rice straw (4...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616249/anti-aging-potential-of-tree-nuts-with-a-focus-on-the-phytochemical-composition-molecular-mechanisms-and-thermal-stability-of-major-bioactive-compounds
#18
REVIEW
Marius Emil Rusu, Ana-Maria Gheldiu, Andrei Mocan, Laurian Vlase, Daniela-Saveta Popa
Tree nuts, complete functional foods, contain macro- and micronutrients of high biological value. These bioactive compounds have a synergistic effect in preventing and delaying many age-related pathologies (e.g. cardiovascular diseases, stroke, type 2 diabetes mellitus, certain types of cancer, and several neurodegenerative diseases). Tree nuts are low in carbohydrates, but they abound in healthy fatty acids, in optimal proportion for a good plasma lipid profile, and are a good source of proteins, rich in proteinogenic amino acids...
April 4, 2018: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615796/a-high-nutrient-dense-diet-alters-hypothalamic-gene-expressions-to-influence-energy-intake-in-pigs-born-with-low-birth-weight
#19
Jingbo Liu, Shanchuan Cao, Ming Liu, Liang Chen, Hongfu Zhang
The low birth weight (LBW) individual had greater risk of developing metabolic dysfunction in adulthood. The aim of this study was to test whether the LBW individual is more prone to glucose intolerance on a high nutrient dense (HND) diet, and to investigate the associated hypothalamic gene expressions using pigs as model. The intake of digestible energy intake, if calculated on a body weight basis, was greater in LBW pigs than that of normal birth weight (NBW) pigs. The LBW pigs fed the HND diet had greater digestible energy intake than those fed the NND diet at adulthood, which did not occur for NBW pigs...
April 3, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615653/importance-of-serum-amino-acid-profile-for-induction-of-hepatic-steatosis-under-protein-malnutrition
#20
Hiroki Nishi, Daisuke Yamanaka, Hiroyasu Kamei, Yuki Goda, Mikako Kumano, Yuka Toyoshima, Asako Takenaka, Masato Masuda, Yasushi Nakabayashi, Ryuji Shioya, Naoyuki Kataoka, Fumihiko Hakuno, Shin-Ichiro Takahashi
We previously reported that a low-protein diet caused animals to develop fatty liver containing a high level of triglycerides (TG), similar to the human nutritional disorder "kwashiorkor". To investigate the underlying mechanisms, we cultured hepatocytes in amino acid-sufficient or deficient medium. Surprisingly, the intracellular TG level was increased by amino acid deficiency without addition of any lipids or hormones, accompanied by enhanced lipid synthesis, indicating that hepatocytes themselves monitored the extracellular amino acid concentrations to induce lipid accumulation in a cell-autonomous manner...
April 3, 2018: Scientific Reports
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