keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Human medical screening

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908833/pilot-evaluation-of-a-method-to-assess-prescribers-information-processing-of-medication-alerts
#1
Alissa L Russ, Brittany L Melton, Joanne K Daggy, Jason J Saleem
BACKGROUND: Prescribers commonly receive alerts during medication ordering. Prescribers work in a complex, time-pressured environment; to enhance the effectiveness of safety alerts, the effort needed to cognitively process these alerts should be minimized. Methods to evaluate the extent to which computerized alerts support prescribers' information processing are lacking. OBJECTIVE: To develop a methodological protocol to assess the extent to which alerts support prescribers' information processing at-a-glance; specifically, the incorporation of information into working memory...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906024/rate-of-initial-highly-active-anti-retroviral-therapy-regimen-change-and-its-predictors-among-adult-hiv-patients-at-university-of-gondar-referral-hospital-northwest-ethiopia-a-retrospective-follow-up-study
#2
Degefaye Zelalem Anlay, Zinahbizu Abay Alemayehu, Berihun Assefa Dachew
BACKGROUND: Regimen change is a major challenge for the sustainability of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) treatment program. In a resource limited setting where treatment options are limited, designing strategies to increase the durability of original regimen are essential. However, information's on rate of initial regimen change and its predictors is scarce in Ethiopia. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to assess the rate of initial highly active anti retroviral therapy (HAART) regimen change and its predictors among adult HIV patients at the University of Gondar Referral Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia...
February 17, 2016: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905984/assessing-the-sensitivity-and-specificity-of-first-response-hiv-1-2-test-kit-with-whole-blood-and-serum-samples-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Raymond Boadu, George Darko, Priscilla Nortey, Patricia Akweongo, Bismark Sarfo
BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) Rapid diagnostic Test (RDT) kits are the preferred assays for HIV testing in many countries. Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission, Know Your Status Campaigns, Blood-Safety, Voluntary Counseling and Testing are major strategies adapted to control transmission of the virus and the pivot of these interventions is either screening or diagnosing individuals through testing. There are reports of inconsistent sensitivity and specificity with whole blood and serum samples collected from the same individual...
February 16, 2016: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900785/a-tryptoline-ring-distortion-strategy-leads-to-complex-and-diverse-biologically-active-molecules-from-the-indole-alkaloid-yohimbine
#4
Nicholas Paciaroni, Ranjala Ratnayake, James Matthews, Verrill Norwood, Austin Arnold, Long Dang, Hendrik Luesch, Robert William Huigens Iii
High-throughput screening (HTS) is the primary driver to current drug discovery efforts. New therapeutic agents that enter the market are a direct reflection of the structurally simple compounds that make up screening libraries. Unlike medically relevant natural products (e.g., morphine), small molecules currently being screened have low fraction sp3 character and few, if any, stereogenic centers. Although simple compounds have been useful in drugging certain biological targets (e.g., protein kinases), more sophisticated targets (e...
November 29, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900753/-issues-related-to-screening-and-caring-for-newborns-with-hearing-impairments
#5
Mei-Show Liou, Ying Tsao
The critical period for auditory development in humans begins at around the 20th gestational week and continues until 3 years of age. Both genetic and environmental factors are known to cause impaired hearing. Without early identification and intervention, hearing-impaired children face a high risk of experiencing significant difficulties with speech and language development, social behavior, and emotional functioning. Two types of commonly used hearing screening technologies include transient evoked otoacoustic emission (TEOAE) and automated auditory brainstem response (aABR)...
December 2016: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897004/identifying-genetic-associations-with-variability-in-metabolic-health-and-blood-count-laboratory-values-diving-into-the-quantitative-traits-by-leveraging-longitudinal-data-from-an-ehr
#6
Shefali S Verma, Anastasia M Lucas, Daniel R Lavage, Joseph B Leader, Raghu Metpally, Sarathbabu Krishnamurthy, Frederick Dewey, Ingrid Borecki, Alexander Lopez, John Overton, John Penn, Jeffrey Reid, Sarah A Pendergrass, Gerda Breitwieser, Marylyn D Ritchie
A wide range of patient health data is recorded in Electronic Health Records (EHR). This data includes diagnosis, surgical procedures, clinical laboratory measurements, and medication information. Together this information reflects the patient's medical history. Many studies have efficiently used this data from the EHR to find associations that are clinically relevant, either by utilizing International Classification of Diseases, version 9 (ICD-9) codes or laboratory measurements, or by designing phenotype algorithms to extract case and control status with accuracy from the EHR...
2016: Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876325/does-early-goal-directed-therapy-decrease-mortality-compared-with-standard-care-in-patients-with-septic-shock
#7
Michael E Winters, Robert Sherwin, Gary M Vilke, Gabriel Wardi
BACKGROUND: Current international guidelines for the treatment of patients with severe sepsis and septic shock recommend that patients receive targeted care to various physiologic endpoints, thereby optimizing tissue perfusion and oxygenation. These recommendations are primarily derived from a protocol published >15 years ago, which was viewed by many as complex and was therefore not widely adopted. Instead, many emergency physicians focused on the administration of early antibiotics, source control, aggressive fluid resuscitation, vasoactive medications as needed to maintain mean arterial blood pressure, and careful monitoring of these patients...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873028/mcr-modern-colistin-resistance
#8
REVIEW
I Caniaux, A van Belkum, G Zambardi, L Poirel, M F Gros
Recently, plasmid-mediated and, therefore, transferable bacterial polymyxin resistance was discovered in strains from both humans and animals. Such a trait may widely spread geographically, while simultaneously crossing microbial species barriers. This may ultimately render the "last resort" polymyxin antibiotics therapeutically useless. Colistin is currently used to treat infections caused by Gram-negative carbapenemase producers and colistin resistance may lead to practical pan-antibiotic resistance. We here analyzed the medical and diagnostic consequences of (emerging) colistin resistance and propose pathways toward adequate diagnostics for timely detection of both asymptomatic carriage and infection...
November 21, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872116/reporting-quality-of-abstracts-of-trials-published-in-top-five-pain-journals-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-survey
#9
Kamath Sriganesh, Suparna Bharadwaj, Mei Wang, Luciana P F Abbade, Rachel Couban, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Lehana Thabane
INTRODUCTION: Abstracts of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) are often the first and the only source read in a journal by busy healthcare providers. This necessitates good reporting of abstracts. The quality of reporting of abstracts, though gradually improving over time, is still not uniform across medical journals. Improvement in completeness of reporting of abstracts has been documented in general medical journals after the publication of the consolidated standards of reporting trials (CONSORT) extension for abstracts in 2008...
November 21, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870871/functional-genomic-analysis-of-candida-albicans-adherence-reveals-a-key-role-for-the-arp2-3-complex-in-cell-wall-remodelling-and-biofilm-formation
#10
Jason A Lee, Nicole Robbins, Jinglin L Xie, Troy Ketela, Leah E Cowen
Fungal biofilms are complex, structured communities that can form on surfaces such as catheters and other indwelling medical devices. Biofilms are of particular concern with Candida albicans, one of the leading opportunistic fungal pathogens of humans. C. albicans biofilms include yeast and filamentous cells that are surrounded by an extracellular matrix, and they are intrinsically resistant to antifungal drugs such that resolving biofilm infections often requires surgery to remove the contaminated device. C...
November 2016: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865852/delivery-methods-for-site-specific-nucleases-achieving-the-full-potential-of-therapeutic-gene-editing
#11
REVIEW
Jia Liu, Sai-Lan Shui
The advent of site-specific nucleases, particularly CRISPR/Cas9, provides researchers with the unprecedented ability to manipulate genomic sequences. These nucleases are used to create model cell lines, engineer metabolic pathways, produce transgenic animals and plants, perform genome-wide functional screen and, most importantly, treat human diseases that are difficult to tackle by traditional medications. Considerable efforts have been devoted to improving the efficiency and specificity of nucleases for clinical applications...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862170/multicentre-study-of-y-chromosome-microdeletions-in-1-808-chinese-infertile-males-using-multiplex-and-real-time-polymerase-chain-reaction
#12
X-B Zhu, Y-H Gong, J He, A-L Guo, E-L Zhi, J-E Yao, B-S Zhu, A-J Zhang, Z Li
Azoospermia factor (AZF) genes on the long arm of the human Y chromosome are involved in spermatogenesis, and microdeletions in the AZF region have been recognised to be the second major genetic cause of spermatogenetic failure resulting in male infertility. While screening for these microdeletions can avoid unnecessary medical and surgical treatments, current methods are generally time-consuming. Therefore, we established a new method to detect and analyse microdeletions in the AZF region quickly, safely and efficiently...
November 10, 2016: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846440/evaluation-of-human-papillomavirus-detection-by-abbott-m2000-system-on-samples-collected-by-fta-elute%C3%A2-card-in-a-chinese-hiv-1-positive-population
#13
Yu Qin, Hongyun Zhang, Natalia Marlowe, Mandong Fei, Judy Yu, Xiaoqin Lei, Lulu Yu, Jia Zhang, Di Cao, Li Ma, Wen Chen
BACKGROUND: HIV+/AIDS women have an increased risk of developing into CIN and cervical cancer compared to the general population. Limited medical resource and the lack of AIDS relevant knowledge impair the coverage and efficiency of cervical cancer screening. OBJECTIVES: To compare the clinical performance of self-collected dry storage medium (FTA Elute card) and physician-collected PreservCyt medium in detection of high risk human papillomavirus (HR HPV) among HIV-1 positive population...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830235/unintended-consequences-new-problems-new-solutions-contributions-from-2015
#14
R Koppel, Y Chen
OBJECTIVE: To select the best of the 2015 published papers on unintended consequences of healthcare information technology (HIT). METHOD: Literature searches in several areas of scholarship, including IT, human factors, evaluation studies, medical errors, medical informatics, and implementation science. Also, because the specific terms "unintended consequences" were not often included in abstracts and titles, a more nuanced search algorithm was developed. RESULTS: We identified 754 papers that had some empirical research on unintended consequences of HIT...
November 10, 2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829078/sex-specific-alterations-of-white-matter-developmental-trajectories-in-infants-with-prenatal-exposure-to-methamphetamine-and-tobacco
#15
Linda Chang, Kenichi Oishi, Jon Skranes, Steven Buchthal, Eric Cunningham, Robyn Yamakawa, Sara Hayama, Caroline S Jiang, Daniel Alicata, Antonette Hernandez, Christine Cloak, Tricia Wright, Thomas Ernst
Importance: Methamphetamine is a common illicit drug used worldwide. Methamphetamine and/or tobacco use by pregnant women remains prevalent. However, little is known about the effect of comorbid methamphetamine and tobacco use on human fetal brain development. Objective: To investigate whether microstructural brain abnormalities reported in children with prenatal methamphetamine and/or tobacco exposure are present at birth before childhood environmental influences...
November 9, 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825378/buying-and-selling-human-eggs-infertility-providers-ethical-and-other-concerns-regarding-egg-donor-agencies
#16
Robert Klitzman
BACKGROUND: Egg donor agencies are increasingly being used as part of IVF in the US, but are essentially unregulated, posing critical ethical and policy questions concerning how providers view and use them, and what the implications might be. METHODS: Thirty-seven in-depth interviews of approximately 1 h were conducted - with 27 IVF providers and 10 patients. RESULTS: Clinicians vary in their views and interactions concerning egg donor agencies, ranging widely in whether and how often they use agencies...
November 8, 2016: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822404/evolution-of-technology-in-teaching-blackboard-and-beyond-in-medical-education
#17
REVIEW
Jayakumary Muttappallymyalil, Susirith Mendis, Lisha Jenny John, Nisha Shanthakumari, Jayadevan Sreedharan, Rizwana B Shaikh
TEACHING AND LEARNING: the passing of knowledge from one generation to another - has been in existence from the earliest times of human civilization. It began in 1801, with a large piece of slate hung on the wall in a school in Scotland to provide information to a large audience at one time. In the US by mid-19th century, every class room had a blackboard to teach students. The modern version of the blackboard is either green or brown board. This was introduced in late 1960s. The whiteboards came into use during the late 1980s...
October 2016: Nepal journal of epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822207/rapid-detection-strategies-for-the-global-threat-of-zika-virus-current-state-new-hypotheses-and-limitations
#18
REVIEW
Shruti Shukla, Sung-Yong Hong, Soo Hyun Chung, Myunghee Kim
The current scenario regarding the widespread Zika virus (ZIKV) has resulted in numerous diagnostic studies, specifically in South America and in locations where there is frequent entry of travelers returning from ZIKV-affected areas, including pregnant women with or without clinical symptoms of ZIKV infection. The World Health Organization, WHO, announced that millions of cases of ZIKV are likely to occur in the USA in the near future. This situation has created an alarming public health emergency of international concern requiring the detection of this life-threatening viral candidate due to increased cases of newborn microcephaly associated with ZIKV infection...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821132/-why-screen-if-we-cannot-follow-up-and-manage-challenges-for-gestational-diabetes-screening-and-management-in-low-and-lower-middle-income-countries-results-of-a-cross-sectional-survey
#19
Bettina Utz, Vincent De Brouwere
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of gestational diabetes (GDM) in low and lower middle income countries (LLMIC) is increasing. Despite its associated short and long term complications for mothers and their newborns, there is a lack of knowledge about how to detect and manage GDM. The objective of our study was to identify the challenges that first line healthcare providers in LLMIC face in screening and management of GDM. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of key informants from 40 low and lower-middle income countries in Africa, South-Asia and Latin-America by sending out questionnaires to 182 gynecologists, endocrinologists and medical doctors...
November 8, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810222/pharmacists-impact-on-opportunistic-infection-prophylaxis-in-patients-with-hiv-aids
#20
K Schatz, W Guffey, M Maccia, M Templin, K Rector
Pharmacists have demonstrated a positive impact on the care of patients with human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome through enhancing patient outcomes associated with antiretroviral therapy. This pre- and postintervention study assessed the impact of pharmacist intervention on improving the use of prophylactic medications for opportunistic infections (OI). Of the 139 patients screened, 42 patients were included in the prospective intervention group. A total of 27 interventions were made on 15 patients, and 24 recommendations (89%) were accepted by providers...
December 2016: Journal of Hospital Infection
keyword
keyword
21039
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"