Read by QxMD icon Read


Casey Panning, Michelle Lem, Shane Bateman
No abstract available.
October 20, 2016: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
Sanna Nybacka, Heléne Bertéus Forslund, Elisabet Wirfält, Ingrid Larsson, Ulrika Ericson, Eva Warensjö Lemming, Göran Bergström, Bo Hedblad, Anna Winkvist, Anna Karin Lindroos
Two web-based dietary assessment tools have been developed for use in large-scale studies: the Riksmaten method (4-d food record) and MiniMeal-Q (food-frequency method). The aim of the present study was to examine the ability of these methods to capture energy intake against objectively measured total energy expenditure (TEE) with the doubly labelled water technique (TEEDLW), and to compare reported energy and macronutrient intake. This study was conducted within the pilot study of the Swedish CArdioPulmonary bioImage Study (SCAPIS), which included 1111 randomly selected men and women aged 50-64 years from the Gothenburg general population...
2016: Journal of Nutritional Science
Jean Joel R Bigna, Jean Jacques N Noubiap, Serra Lem Asangbeh, Lewis N Um, Paule Sandra D Sime, Elvis Temfack, Mathurin Cyrille Tejiokem
BACKGROUND: Sufficiently detailed abstracts of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are important, because readers often base their assessment of a trial solely on information in the abstract. We aimed at comparing reporting quality of RCTs in HIV/AIDS medicine before and after the publication of the 2008 CONSORT extension for abstracts and to investigate factors associated with better reporting quality. METHODS: We searched PubMed/Medline for HIV/AIDS RCTs published between 2006-07 (Pre-CONSORT) and 2014-15 (Post-CONSORT) in 40 leading general medicine and infectious diseases journals...
October 13, 2016: BMC Medical Research Methodology
Brant M Webster, David J Thaller, Jens Jäger, Sarah E Ochmann, Sapan Borah, C Patrick Lusk
The integrity of the nuclear envelope barrier relies on membrane remodeling by the ESCRTs, which seal nuclear envelope holes and contribute to the quality control of nuclear pore complexes (NPCs); whether these processes are mechanistically related remains poorly defined. Here, we show that the ESCRT-II/III chimera, Chm7, is recruited to a nuclear envelope subdomain that expands upon inhibition of NPC assembly and is required for the formation of the storage of improperly assembled NPCs (SINC) compartment. Recruitment to sites of NPC assembly is mediated by its ESCRT-II domain and the LAP2-emerin-MAN1 (LEM) family of integral inner nuclear membrane proteins, Heh1 and Heh2...
October 12, 2016: EMBO Journal
Anika V Prabhu, Winnie Luu, Dianfan Li, Laura J Sharpe, Andrew J Brown
The conversion of 7-dehydrocholesterol to cholesterol, the final step of cholesterol synthesis in the Kandutsch-Russell pathway, is catalyzed by the enzyme 7-dehydrocholesterol reductase (DHCR7). Homozygous or compound heterozygous mutations in DHCR7 lead to the developmental disease Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome, which can also result in fetal mortality, highlighting the importance of this enzyme in human development and survival. Besides serving as a substrate for DHCR7, 7-dehydrocholesterol is also a precursor of vitamin D via the action of ultraviolet light on the skin...
September 30, 2016: Progress in Lipid Research
Nicole P C Konijn, Lilian H D van Tuyl, Maarten Boers, Debby den Uyl, Marieke M Ter Wee, Pit Kerstens, Alexandre E Voskuyl, Dirkjan van Schaardenburg, Michael T Nurmohamed, Willem F Lems
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether remission at single and consecutive visits predicts good outcome in early rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: The presence of remission according to ACR/EULAR and other criteria (Boolean clinical, CDAI, DAS, DAS28, RAPID3) was assessed in early RA patients during the first year of the COBRA-light trial. Likelihood ratios were used to assess whether meeting the remission criteria at single visits (13, 26, 39 or 52 weeks) and consecutive visits (13 + 26, 26 + 39 or 39 + 52 weeks) predicted good outcome in the second year (52-104 weeks)...
October 1, 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
G Akdemir, I M Markusse, Y P M Goekoop-Ruiterman, G M Steup-Beekman, B A M Grillet, P J S M Kerstens, W F Lems, T W J Huizinga, C F Allaart
To compare rheumatologists' adherence to treatment protocols for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) targeted at Disease Activity Score (DAS) ≤2.4 or <1.6. The BeSt-study enrolled 508 early RA (1987) patients targeted at DAS ≤2.4. The IMPROVED-study included 479 early RA (2010) and 122 undifferentiated arthritis patients targeted at DAS <1.6. We evaluated rheumatologists' adherence to the protocols and assessed associated opinions and conditions during 5 years. Protocol adherence was higher in BeSt than in IMPROVED (86 and 70 %), with a greater decrease in IMPROVED (from 100 to 48 %) than in BeSt (100 to 72 %)...
September 28, 2016: Clinical Rheumatology
Willem F Lems, Merel M E Baak, Lilian H D van Tuyl, Mariëtte C Lodder, Ben A C Dijkmans, Maarten Boers
BACKGROUND: Bone loss during glucocorticoid (GC) therapy is poorly quantified. OBJECTIVE: Quantification of bone loss in GC-treated patients with chronic inflammatory diseases (CID; low dose) and transplants (high dose). METHODS: Meta-analysis of cohorts: PubMed, Cochrane, EMBASE and bibliographic searches (1995-2012). Eligible studies prospectively included GC-treated patients with two dual X-ray absorptiometry measurements of spine or hip over a period of at least 12 months...
2016: RMD Open
Axel Poulet, Aline V Probst, Katja Graumann, Christophe Tatout, David E Evans
In this study, we explore the plasticity during evolution of proteins of the higher plant nuclear envelope (NE) from the most ancestral plant species to advanced angiosperms. The higher plant NE contains a functional Linker of Nucleoskeleton and Cytoskeleton (LINC) complex based on conserved Sad1-Unc84 (SUN) domain proteins and plant specific Klarsicht/Anc1/Syne homology (KASH) domain proteins. Recent evidence suggests the presence of a plant lamina underneath the inner membrane and various coiled-coil proteins have been hypothesised to be associated with it including Crowded Nuclei (CRWN; also termed LINC and NMCP), Nuclear Envelope Associated Protein (NEAP) protein families as well as the CRWN binding protein KAKU4...
September 19, 2016: Nucleus
Martin van der Esch, Marike van der Leeden, Leo D Roorda, Willem F Lems, Joost Dekker
The aims of the study were to (i) determine the prevalence and course of self-reported knee instability at 2-year follow-up and (ii) identify factors predictive of retention of self-reported knee instability among patients with established knee osteoarthritis (OA). Among 201 patients from the Amsterdam Osteoarthritis (AMS-OA) cohort, demographic characteristics, self-reported knee instability, muscle strength, proprioception, pain, and physical function were assessed at baseline and at 2 years. Exercise over the past 2 years was assessed by evaluating the medical files...
September 17, 2016: Clinical Rheumatology
Li-Wei Wu, Wei-Liang Chen, Tao-Chun Peng, Sheng-Ta Chiang, Hui-Fang Yang, Yu-Shan Sun, James Yi-Hsin Chan, Tung-Wei Kao
OBJECTIVES: Disability is considered an important issue that affects the elderly population. This study aimed to explore the relationship between disability and all-cause mortality in US elderly individuals. DESIGN: Retrospective and longitudinal designs. SETTING: Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES 1999-2002) conducted by the National Center for Health Statistics of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention...
September 13, 2016: BMJ Open
Jan Sulc, Krystof Slaby, Zuzana Hlinkova, Pavel Kolar, Jiri Kozak, Jiri Kriz
OBJECTIVES: Respiratory complications are most common cause of morbidity/mortality in patients with cervical spinal cord injury (cSCI) due to respiratory muscle weakness and lower diaphragm position resulting in limited availability of inspiration, reduced thorax mobility and limited forced expiration. Differences in respiratory dysfunctions (RDs) in patients with motor complete versus incomplete cSCI were assessed. DESIGN: Prospective longitudinal study, serial measurement...
July 16, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
Robert S Rogers, Hiroshi Nishimune
The synapse between motor neurons and skeletal muscle is known as the neuromuscular junction (NMJ). Proper alignment of presynaptic and post-synaptic structures of motor neurons and muscle fibers, respectively, is essential for efficient motor control of skeletal muscles. The synaptic cleft between these two cells is filled with basal lamina. Laminins are heterotrimer extracellular matrix molecules that are key members of the basal lamina. Laminin α4, α5, and β2 chains specifically localize to NMJs, and these laminin isoforms play a critical role in maintenance of NMJs and organization of synaptic vesicle release sites known as active zones...
September 7, 2016: Matrix Biology: Journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology
Aruni Bhatnagar, Roberto Bolli, Brian H Johnstone, Jay H Traverse, Timothy D Henry, Carl J Pepine, James T Willerson, Emerson C Perin, Stephen G Ellis, David X M Zhao, Phillip C Yang, John P Cooke, Robert C Schutt, Barry H Trachtenberg, Aaron Orozco, Micheline Resende, Ray F Ebert, Shelly L Sayre, Robert D Simari, Lem Moyé, Christopher R Cogle, Doris A Taylor
BACKGROUND: Although several preclinical studies have shown that bone marrow cell (BMC) transplantation promotes cardiac recovery after myocardial infarction, clinical trials with unfractionated bone marrow have shown variable improvements in cardiac function. METHODS: To determine whether in a population of post-myocardial infarction patients, functional recovery after BM transplant is associated with specific BMC subpopulation, we examined the association between BMCs with left ventricular (LV) function in the LateTIME-CCTRN trial...
September 2016: American Heart Journal
James S Albert, Donald R Schoolmaster, Victor Tagliacollo, Scott M Duke-Sylvester
Macroevolutionary theory posits three processes leading to lineage diversification and the formation of regional biotas: dispersal (species geographic range expansion), speciation (species lineage splitting), and extinction (species lineage termination). The Theory of Island Biogeography (TIB) predicts species richness values using just two of these processes; dispersal and extinction. Yet most species on Earth live on continents or continental shelves, and the dynamics of evolutionary diversification at regional and continental scales are qualitatively different from those that govern the formation of species richness on biogeographic islands...
September 1, 2016: Systematic Biology
Mariëtte de Rooij, Marike van der Leeden, John Cheung, Martin van der Esch, Arja Häkkinen, Daniël Haverkamp, Leo D Roorda, Jos Twisk, Joke Vollebregt, Willem F Lems, Joost Dekker
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy on physical functioning and safety of tailored exercise therapy in patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA) and comorbidities. METHOD: In a randomized controlled trial, 126 participants were included with a clinical diagnosis of KOA and at least one of the following target comorbidities: coronary disease, heart failure, type 2 diabetes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or obesity (body mass index≥ 30kg/m(2) ), with severity score ≥2 on the Cumulative Illness Rating Scale...
August 26, 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
Michael R Liebowitz, Rita Hanover, Ann Draine, Rita Lemming, Jason Careri, Louis Monti
BACKGROUND: There are no medications approved for as-needed use for feared situations for individuals with social anxiety disorder (SAD). In the present study, intranasal PH94B was provided for use as needed during stressful events. METHODS: Twenty-two subjects were randomized (double-blind) to 2 weeks of treatment with intranasal PH94B or placebo. Following self-administration of medication prior to a feared event, peak levels of anxiety were recorded using the Subjective Units of Distress Scale (SUDS)...
August 25, 2016: Depression and Anxiety
Wulf Becker, Anna Karin Lindroos, Cecilia Nälsén, Eva Warensjö Lemming, Veronica Öhrvik
BACKGROUND: Dietary intake and nutritional status are important for pregnancy and pregnancy outcomes. Dietary advice on folate, targeted to women of childbearing age, aims at preventing neural tube defects in the offspring. AIM: To describe food and nutrient intake and nutritional status among women of childbearing age in Sweden in relation to current nutrition recommendations. METHODS: Dietary intake was assessed using a web-based four-day consecutive food record among adults aged 18-80 years-'Riksmaten 2010-11 adults'...
August 25, 2016: Upsala Journal of Medical Sciences
Keishi Tanigawa, Yusuke Itoh, Yasunobu Kobayashi
Context • Combined treatment with an extract of Lentinula edodes mycelia (LEM) and chemotherapy has been reported to improve quality of life (QOL) and immunological function in cancer patients. However, those effects have not been elucidated for patients receiving cancer immunotherapy. Objective • The present study intended to investigate the effects of oral LEM on QOL and immunological function in cancer patients receiving immunotherapy. Design • The research team designed an open-label, single-armed pilot study...
July 2016: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
Ki Park, Dejian Lai, Eileen M Handberg, Lem Moyé, Emerson C Perin, Carl J Pepine, R David Anderson
We know that endocardial mapping reports left ventricular electrical activity (voltage) and that these data can predict outcomes in patients undergoing traditional revascularization. Because the mapping data from experimental models have also been linked with myocardial viability, we hypothesized an association between increased unipolar voltage in patients undergoing intramyocardial injections and their subsequent improvement in left ventricular performance. For this exploratory analysis, we evaluated 86 patients with left ventricular dysfunction, heart-failure symptoms, possible angina, and no revascularization options, who were undergoing endocardial mapping...
August 2016: Texas Heart Institute Journal
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"