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Diabetes coagulation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619996/farnesoid-x-receptor-and-liver-x-receptor-ligands-initiate-formation-of-coated-platelets
#1
Amanda J Unsworth, Alexander P Bye, Dionne S Tannetta, Michael J R Desborough, Neline Kriek, Tanya Sage, Harriet E Allan, Marilena Crescente, Parveen Yaqoob, Timothy D Warner, Chris I Jones, Jonathan M Gibbins
OBJECTIVES: The liver X receptors (LXRs) and farnesoid X receptor (FXR) have been identified in human platelets. Ligands of these receptors have been shown to have nongenomic inhibitory effects on platelet activation by platelet agonists. This, however, seems contradictory with the platelet hyper-reactivity that is associated with several pathological conditions that are associated with increased circulating levels of molecules that are LXR and FXR ligands, such as hyperlipidemia, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and obesity...
June 15, 2017: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606852/new-prodrugs-of-metformin-do-not-influence-the-overall-haemostasis-potential-and-integrity-of-the-erythrocyte-membrane
#2
Magdalena Markowicz-Piasecka, Joanna Sikora, Łukasz Mateusiak, Elżbieta Mikiciuk-Olasik, Kristiina M Huttunen
Although metformin, an oral anti-diabetic drug, has been found to have multidirectional effects over the past decade, it is characterised by unfavourable pharmacokinetic properties. This study discusses the effects of metformin, phenformin and three prodrugs of metformin on the haemostasis and integrity of Red Blood Cells (RBCs). The influence of examined biguanide derivatives on haemostasis was evaluated spectrophotometrically by clot formation and lysis test (CL-test) at 405 nm. The extrinsic and intrinsic coagulation pathway were examined by measuring the PT (Prothrombin Time) and aPTT (Activated Partial Tromboplastin Time)...
June 9, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602181/health-outcomes-and-costs-for-injured-young-people-hospitalised-with-and-without-chronic-health-conditions
#3
Rebecca J Mitchell, Kate Curtis, Jeffrey Braithwaite
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of chronic health conditions such as diabetes among young people is increasing. Limited information is known about the impact of these conditions on young people who have been traumatically injured. Injury is the global leading cause of death and disability in young people. The aim of this study is to compare health outcomes for injured young people with and without chronic health conditions. METHOD: A retrospective examination of injury in young people aged≤25years with and without a chronic health condition using linked hospitalisation and mortality records during 1 January 2010 to 30 June 2014 in New South Wales, Australia...
June 8, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601907/high-glucose-increases-the-formation-and-pro-oxidative-activity-of-endothelial-microparticles
#4
Dylan Burger, Maddison Turner, Fengxia Xiao, Mercedes N Munkonda, Shareef Akbari, Kevin D Burns
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Individuals with diabetes exhibit increases in circulating endothelial microparticles (eMPs, also referred to as endothelial microvesicles), which are associated with endothelial dysfunction and a heightened risk of cardiovascular complications. We have shown that eMPs are markers and mediators of vascular injury although their role in diabetes is unclear. We hypothesised that the composition and biological activity of eMPs are altered in response to high glucose exposure...
June 10, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595632/a-comparison-of-gene-expression-profiles-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease-type-2-diabetes-and-their-coexisting-conditions
#5
Rui Gong, Menghui Chen, Cuizhao Zhang, Manli Chen, Haibin Li
BACKGROUND: To support a hypothesis that there is an intrinsic interplay between coronary artery disease (CAD) and type 2 diabetes (T2D), we used RNA-seq to identify unique gene expression signatures of CAD, T2D, and coexisting conditions. METHODS: After transcriptome sequencing, differential expression analysis was performed between each disordered state and normal control group. By comparing gene expression profiles of CAD, T2D, and coexisting conditions, common and specific patterns of each disordered state were displayed...
June 8, 2017: Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587168/physicochemical-properties-biological-activity-health-benefits-and-general-limitations-of-aged-black-garlic-a-review
#6
REVIEW
Ji Hyeon Ryu, Dawon Kang
Garlic (Allium sativum) has been used as a medicinal food since ancient times. However, some people are reluctant to ingest raw garlic due to its unpleasant odor and taste. Therefore, many types of garlic preparations have been developed to reduce these attributes without losing biological functions. Aged black garlic (ABG) is a garlic preparation with a sweet and sour taste and no strong odor. It has recently been introduced to Asian markets as a functional food. Extensive in vitro and in vivo studies have demonstrated that ABG has a variety of biological functions such as antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, anti-obesity, anti-diabetic, anti-allergic, cardioprotective, and hepatoprotective effects...
June 1, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581834/updates-on-smart-polymeric-carrier-systems-for-protein-delivery
#7
Ibrahim El-Sherbiny, Islam Khalil, Isra Ali, Magdi Yacoub
Smart materials are those materials that are responsive to chemical (organic molecules, chemical agents or specific agents), biochemical (protein, enzymes, growth factors, substrates or ligands), physical (electric field, magnetic field, temperature, pH, ionic strength or radiation) or mechanical (pressure or mechanical stress) signals. These responsive materials interact with the stimuli by changing their properties or conformational structures in a predictable manner. Recently, smart polymers have been utilized in various biomedical applications...
June 21, 2017: Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569923/interplay-between-elevated-cellular-fibronectin-and-plasma-fibrin-clot-properties-in-type-2-diabetes
#8
Małgorzata Konieczyńska, Agata Hanna Bryk, Krzysztof P Malinowski, Katarzyna Draga, Anetta Undas
Type 2 diabetes is associated with faster formation of poorly lysable, denser fibrin clots and elevated cellular fibronectin (cFn), a marker of vascular injury. We investigated whether cFn affects clot properties in type 2 diabetes. In 200 consecutive patients with type 2 diabetes and 100 control subjects matched for age and sex, we determined plasma cFn along with clot formation and degradation using turbidimetric and permeability assays. Diabetic patients had elevated cFn (median, 3.99 [interquartile range, 2...
June 1, 2017: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526762/exacerbation-of-thromboinflammation-by-hyperglycemia-precipitates-cerebral-infarct-growth-and-hemorrhagic-transformation
#9
Jean-Philippe Desilles, Varouna Syvannarath, Véronique Ollivier, Clément Journé, Sandrine Delbosc, Célina Ducroux, William Boisseau, Liliane Louedec, Lucas Di Meglio, Stéphane Loyau, Martine Jandrot-Perrus, Louis Potier, Jean-Baptiste Michel, Mikael Mazighi, Benoit Ho-Tin-Noé
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Admission hyperglycemia is associated with a poor outcome in acute ischemic stroke. How hyperglycemia impacts the pathophysiology of acute ischemic stroke remains largely unknown. We investigated how preexisting hyperglycemia increases ischemia/reperfusion cerebral injury. METHODS: Normoglycemic and streptozotocin-treated hyperglycemic rats were subjected to transient middle cerebral artery occlusion. Infarct growth and brain perfusion were assessed by magnetic resonance imaging...
May 19, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514338/-a-comparative-chemoreactome-analysis-of-mexidol
#10
I Yu Torshin, O A Gromova, I S Sardaryan, L E Fedotova
AIM: To compare mexidol with control molecules (choline alfoscerate, piracetam, glycine, semax) using chemoreactome analysis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The chemical structure of mexidol was compared to molecule metabolites extracted from the Human Metabolome Database (HMDB) and a drug database. More than 40 000 of metabolites from HMDB were used as a model of human metabolome. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The chemoreactome analysis showed that mexidol may be (1) an agonist of acetylcholine and GABA-A receptors; (2) an anti-inflammatory agent, the effects of which are carried out by inhibiting the synthesis of pro-inflammatory prostaglandins; (3) a neurotrophic agent with neuroprotective properties; (4) a coagulation inhibitor; (5) a diabetes medication and (6) a hypolipidemic agent...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473919/an-unusual-case-of-disseminated-intravascular-coagulation
#11
Dmitri Pchejetski, Mojiba Kenbaz, Heba Alshaker, Dharmesh Rajput, Kiruparajan Jesudason
The use of cardiac pacemakers is increasing worldwide. Infective endocarditis from a pacemaker lead is a rare, but one of the most severe complications of pacemaker insertion. The diagnosis of pacemaker-related infective endocarditis is usually delayed due to unspecific clinical signs and symptoms at presentation compared to native valve infective endocarditis. Several factors can increase the risk of cardiac pacemaker-related infective endocarditis including cachexia, malignancy, diabetes mellitus, immunosuppression and corticosteroid treatment...
April 2017: Oxford Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469465/characterization-of-vitreous-and-aqueous-proteome-in-humans-with-proliferative-diabetic-retinopathy-and-its-clinical-correlation
#12
Sankarathi Balaiya, Zimei Zhou, Kakarla V Chalam
AIMS: Proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) is associated with microvascular complications that cause biochemical changes in the human retina and alter the proteome of vitreous humor and aqueous humor (AH). METHODS: Human vitreous humor and AH of PDR subjects were collected. Subjects who had surgery for epiretinal membrane or macular hole served as controls. Protein profiles were obtained and analyzed after running the samples on a liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry/mass spectrometry...
2017: Proteomic Insights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447577/prognostic-value-of-adamts13-in-patients-with-severe-sepsis-and-septic-shock
#13
M Feroz Azfar, M Faisal Khan, S Shahid Habib, Z Al Aseri, A Mohammad Zubaidi, D Ocampo Aguila, M Owais Suriya, Hameed Ullah
PURPOSE: ADAMTS13 level was evaluated as a predictor of mortality in patients with severe sepsis and septic shock, and compared with Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II) scores. METHODS: This prospective observational study was conducted in the Medical and Surgical Intensive Care Units of King Khalid University Hospital. Detailed clinical evaluations were performed on 84 patients (56.08±18.18 years of age) with severe sepsis and septic shock...
April 26, 2017: Clinical and Investigative Medicine. Médecine Clinique et Experimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442600/effect-of-rivaroxaban-on-preventing-deep-vein-thrombosis-in-aged-diabetics-with-femoral-neck-fractures-after-hip-replacement
#14
Yi-Min Zhang, Xin Jiang, Yan-Shan Sun
This study estimates the effect of rivaroxaban on preventing deep-vein thrombosis (DVT) in aged diabetics with femoral neck fractures after hip replacement. Our study was composed of 236 aged diabetics with femoral neck fractures, which were divided into the rivaroxaban and control groups. Reaction time (R time), clot formation time (K time), alpha angle (α), maximum amplitude (MA), clot elasticity (G) and coagulation index (CI), prothrombin time (PT) and activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) were measured...
April 25, 2017: Bioscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440694/fine-particulate-matter-pm2-5-a-risk-factor-of-rat-gestational-diabetes-with-altered-blood-glucose-and-pancreatic-glut2-expression
#15
Liu Yi, Chen Wei, Wang Fan
Recent studies have shown an association between air pollution and diabetic risk. This study was to investigate the impact of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) on glucose consequences and pancreas glucose transporter 2 (GLUT2) expression and its related mechanisms in a gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) rat model. GDM rats were exposed to a low PM2.5 dose while the controls received saline. Interleukin-6 (IL-6) and blood routine tests (BRT) were detected for analyzing coagulation and inflammation. Pancreas tissues underwent pathologic examination, the levels of homogenate glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), and methane dicarboxylic aldehyde (MDA) were detected for oxidative stress estimation, and the degree of GLUT2 expression of pancreas was analyzed...
April 25, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433996/factor-xii-as-a-risk-marker-for-hemorrhagic-stroke-a-prospective-cohort-study
#16
Kristina Johansson, Jan-Håkan Jansson, Lars Johansson, Ingemar Bylesjö, Torbjörn K Nilsson, Mats Eliasson, Stefan Söderberg, Marcus Lind
BACKGROUND: Coagulation factor XII (FXII) is involved in pathological thrombus formation and is a suggested target of anticoagulants. It is unclear whether FXII levels are correlated with cardiovascular risk factors and whether they are associated with myocardial infarction or ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke. The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between FXII and cardiovascular risk factors in the general population. We also aimed to study the associations between FXII levels and future myocardial infarction and ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke...
April 21, 2017: Cerebrovascular Diseases Extra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417501/d-dimer-level-in-association-with-humoral-responses-negatively-correlates-with-survival-of-porcine-islet-grafts-in-non-human-primates-with-immunosuppression
#17
Hee Jung Kang, Haneulnari Lee, Eun Mi Park, Jong-Min Kim, Byoung-Hoon Min, Chung-Gyu Park
BACKGROUND: Several immunosuppression (IS) regimens achieve long-term graft survival in non-human primates (NHPs) after porcine islet transplantation (PITx), but their success rates vary. To understand the mechanism of graft loss, we investigated the relationships between graft survival and humoral or inflammatory responses for maintenance IS in NHPs after PITx. METHODS: Islets purified from adult wild-type pigs were intraportally transplanted into streptozotocin-induced diabetic rhesus monkeys...
April 18, 2017: Xenotransplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410617/treatment-with-high-dose-n-3-pufas-has-no-effect-on-platelet-function-coagulation-metabolic-status-or-inflammation-in-patients-with-atherosclerosis-and-type-2-diabetes
#18
Malgorzata Poreba, Magdalena Mostowik, Aleksander Siniarski, Renata Golebiowska-Wiatrak, Krzysztof Piotr Malinowski, Maciej Haberka, Ewa Konduracka, Jadwiga Nessler, Anetta Undas, Grzegorz Gajos
BACKGROUND: Despite numerous studies on cardioprotective effects of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs), there is limited evidence for n-3 PUFA-mediated effects, especially at its higher dose, on cardiovascular risk in patients with type 2 diabetes (DM2) and established atherosclerosis. PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of daily treatment with a higher dose (2 g) of n-3 PUFAs on platelet function, coagulation parameters, fibrin clot properties, markers of systemic inflammation and metabolic status, in patients with atherosclerotic vascular disease and DM2 who receive optimal medical therapy...
April 14, 2017: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393040/vitreous-haemorrhage-a-population-based-study-of-the-incidence-and-risk-factors-in-taiwan
#19
Ching-Yu Wang, Wai-Man Cheang, De-Kuang Hwang, Ching-Heng Lin
AIM: To report the epidemiology and incidence of vitreous hemorrhage and to evaluate risk factors for patients with vitreous hemorrhage (VH) in Taiwan. METHODS: A retrospective population-based study. Analyzing a sample of one million subjects from all enrollees of the Taiwan Health Insurance programme. All data were obtained from the Taiwan Health Insurance Research Database, which contained patient sex, date of birth, all records of clinical visits and hospitalizations, and diagnosis codes as included in the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM)...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377232/comparison-of-safety-and-efficacy-of-unfractionated-heparin-versus-bivalirudin-in-patients-undergoing-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#20
Ahmed Rehmani, Chris Judkins, Alan Whelan, Michael Nguyen, Carl Schultz
BACKGROUND: Anti-platelet and anti-coagulant adjunctive therapies are associated with a clinically significant increased risk of major bleeding. We retrospectively assessed in hospital major adverse clinical events (MACE) and major bleeding in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) who received either unfractionated heparin (UFH) or bivalirudin. METHOD: Consecutive patients undergoing PCI for acute coronary syndrome (ACS) at Fremantle Hospital from August 2008 to December 2013 were identified...
February 28, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
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