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Cosmetic surgery

I A Filatova
By improving the existing surgical technologies for dacryocystitis, one enhances the effectiveness of patient rehabilitation. AIM: To evaluate the effectiveness of radio-wave surgery in the treatment of dacryocystitis and lacrimal sac abscesses. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The clinical group consisted of 207 patients ranging in age from 7 to 89 years (the mean age of 41±7.3 years). For 39% of patients this was a repeated treatment, while 9.3% had undergone 4-5 surgical interventions...
2018: Vestnik Oftalmologii
S P Paul
Objective There remains confusion between Langer's lines and wrinkle lines with respect to the optimal orientation of elliptical excisions on the trunk. This study sought to determine the directions of wound closure that would result in least wound tension after skin lesion excisions. Materials and methods Some 1181 consecutive skin lesion excisions were investigated (age range 13-95 years, median 64 years) using a tensiometer to determine directions of least wound tension. These lines were mapped. Skin tension measurements were taken during the procedure and analysed...
March 15, 2018: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
Jason Talmadge, Robin High, William Wesley Heckman
IMPORTANCE: Spreader grafts are commonly used for nasal valve stenosis. There is debate among practitioners regarding the optimal approach for spreader graft placement. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine whether an endonasal spreader graft placement leads to equivalent postoperative outcomes using a standardized nasal obstruction symptom score and whether there is a significant difference in operative time between the 2 approaches. DESIGN: A retrospective review of functional rhinoplasties by a single facial plastic surgeon over a 2-year period was conducted...
March 13, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Sonja Frimmel, J Tjeerd de Faber, Rene J Wubbels, Christoph Kniestedt, Dion Paridaens
PURPOSE: To study the type, severity, management and outcome of firework-related adnexal and ocular injuries during New Year's Eve festivities. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 123 injured patients (143 eyes) treated at the Rotterdam Eye Hospital between 2009 and 2013. All ages were included and analysed according to age, gender, active participant or bystander, laterality, location, dimension and severity of injury. Outcome parameter was the final best-corrected visual acuity...
March 13, 2018: Acta Ophthalmologica
Sathasivam Sureshkumar, Narayan Vignesh, J Venkatachalam, Chellappa Vijayakumar, Sundaramurthi Sudharsanan
Background The color Doppler, a better investigation to identify the perforators objectively has replaced the clinical examination for the same. However, this has led to a significant number of negative explorations and cosmetic disfigurement. Objective To compare the efficacy of the clinical tests combined with the color Doppler versus color Doppler alone to identify the perforator incompetence during the surgery for primary varicose veins of the lower limb. Methods This was a prospective analytical study, including 61 lower limb varicose vein patients who belonged to the Clinical-Etiology-Anatomy-Pathophysiology (CEAP) class four-six, planned for the surgical treatment for perforator incompetence, excluding those requiring additional vascular or nonvascular procedure, recurrent varicose veins and those who had injection sclerotherapy prior to the surgery...
January 5, 2018: Curēus
Qiang Wang, Jia-Xin Ye, Min Ge, Dong-Jin Wang
This study reviews our results and experience with cardiothoracic surgery via RVIAT over the past 15 years. This retrospective overview summarises our results, describing the early and late clinical outcomes of 1,126 patients, including 370 ASD closures, 488 VSD closures and 268 valve surgeries, at a single center between October 2001 and December 2015. The mean follow-up time was 52 ± 35 months (range 8-120 months). The mean incision length was 6 ± 2.22 cm (range 3.9-8.9 cm). No patient required conversion to median sternotomy...
March 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
Viktor Smanykó, Norbert Mészáros, Mihály Újhelyi, Georgina Fröhlich, Gábor Stelczer, Tibor Major, Zoltán Mátrai, Csaba Polgár
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: To report the clinical outcomes of second breast-conserving therapy with perioperative interstitial radiotherapy for the treatment of ipsilateral breast tumor recurrences. METHOD: Between 1999 and 2015, 33 patients, presenting with an ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence after previous breast conserving therapy, were salvaged by re-excision and perioperative high-dose-rate interstitial brachytherapy. A median of 8 (range: 4-24) catheters were implanted into the tumor bed intraoperatively...
March 2018: Orvosi Hetilap
Zhuming Yin, Liqiang Liu, Bingjian Xue, Jincai Fan, Wenlin Chen, Zheng Liu
INTRODUCTION: Prosthesis-assisted penile reconstruction has been performed extensively to restore a cosmetically acceptable phallus. However, a large number of patients will undergo revision surgery for various prosthesis-related complications. AIM: To develop a 1-stage prosthesis-free dynamic cavernosa reconstruction method using bilateral innervated gracilis muscles and to investigate the feasibility and reliability of the surgical design. METHODS: 10 fresh cadavers were dissected to assess the availability of bilateral gracilis muscles for functional cavernosa rebuilding...
March 7, 2018: Sexual Medicine
Rui Qu, Cunchuan Wang, Zhiyong Dong, Jinyi Li, Daosheng Liu
OBJECTIVE: Open surgery is the most common treatment of thyroglossal duct cyst (TGDC), but it leaves obvious neck scarring. This study aimed to explore the feasibility and strategy of total endoscopic procedure by breast approach to avoid such scarring on the neck. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study reviewed 13 patients who underwent endoscopic resection of TGDC and 15 patients who underwent open resection of TGDC. We compared and analyzed factors including operative time, estimated blood loss, postoperative hospitalization, complications, and cosmetic effect...
March 7, 2018: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
Saul N Rajak, Raman Malhotra, Dinesh Selva
PURPOSE: To describe the 'Over-the-Top' Modified Cutler Beard Procedure (OTTMCB) for complete upper eyelid defect reconstruction Methods: This is retrospective case note review of four patients that underwent the OTTMCB procedure. This two-stage procedure comprises the replacement of the posterior lamella with a free tarsal graft from the contralateral upper eyelid, and the anterior lamella with a lower lid skin flap over the lower eyelid margin which is divided 2-4 weeks later. RESULTS: The procedure was undertaken for four patients with 75-90% upper eyelid defects from tumour excision surgery...
March 7, 2018: Orbit
A d'Alessandro, N Kari, A Alameh, N Pasquier, A Tarhini, B Vinson Bonnet, R Noun, E Chouillard
BACKGROUND: The umbilicus, an embryological natural orifice, is increasingly used as the only access route during single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) for colorectal disease. As a part of some of these procedures, a temporary, diverting ostomy could be exteriorized through the umbilicus itself. Theoretical advantages include better preservation of the abdominal wall and potentially superior cosmetic results. The aim of the present study was to evaluate our preliminary experience in SILS colorectal resection with umbilical stoma (u-stoma)...
March 6, 2018: Techniques in Coloproctology
Arun Kelay, Nigel J Hall
Pyloromyotomy is the tried and tested surgical procedure for successful operative treatment of pyloric stenosis. Over time, the operative approach has evolved to take advantage of cosmetically superior incisions and more recently minimally invasive surgery. During and following surgery, complications are uncommon. The specific complications of an inadequate pyloromyotomy requiring repeated procedure and mucosal perforation during an overzealous pyloromyotomy represent the ends of a spectrum within which sits the perfect procedure...
March 6, 2018: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Reza M Robati, Fatemeh Moeineddin, Mina Almasi-Nasrabadi
Background: As the number of patients using dermal filler for face augmentation increases, the number of adverse events associated with injection may increase. Unpredictable repositioning of blood vessels and a more tenuous blood supply in the operated nose may increase the risk of ischemia, necrosis and vascular embolism following the filler injection. Objectives: To highlight the importance of the patient's history of previous cosmetic procedures including rhinoplasty in the emergence of vascular complications...
January 11, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
Ho Jun Lee, Yong Ju Jang
Hypertrophic scars and keloids are fibroproliferative disorders that may arise after any deep cutaneous injury caused by trauma, burns, surgery, etc. Hypertrophic scars and keloids are cosmetically problematic, and in combination with functional problems such as contractures and subjective symptoms including pruritus, these significantly affect patients' quality of life. There have been many studies on hypertrophic scars and keloids; but the mechanisms underlying scar formation have not yet been well established, and prophylactic and treatment strategies remain unsatisfactory...
March 2, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Rajiv R Iyer, Carolyn M Carey, S Alex Rottgers, Lisa Tetreault, Ccrp, Nir Shimony, Jennifer Katzenstein, Ernesto Ruas, Gerald F Tuite
OBJECTIVE Infants with severe hydrocephalus and extreme macrocephaly typically undergo CSF diversion early in life, which can result in significant cranial deformity due to CSF overdrainage. In this scenario, overlap of the cranial plates can precede the development of secondary synostosis and/or severe, permanent cranial deformity. As a result, extensive cranial vault remodeling is sometimes undertaken later in life, which is often challenging and has been associated with mortality and a high morbidity rate...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
Leo L Wang, William W Thomas, Oren Friedman
The use of injectable fillers is increasingly popular as an alternative to surgery for facial cosmetic applications. In this regard, silicone is a versatile biomaterial filler that has been used for these purposes, but its use warrants further investigation, especially since it is not clinically approved for such uses. We describe the use of silicone as a facial injectable filler through a scholarly review of the literature for cases of silicone granuloma formation published from September 2007 through September 2017, and we present various contexts in which this complication has been observed...
January 2018: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
Winsion Chow, Goran Jeremic, Leigh Sowerby
Rhinophyma is a disfiguring end-stage manifestation of acne rosacea. It is characterized by a painless hyperplasia of the sebaceous glands and connective tissues of the nose. Numerous surgical modalities-including scalpel surgery, dermabrasion, CO2 laser ablation, and electrocautery-have been reported with varying results. We describe our experience with using a microdebrider to treat 2 patients-a 65-year-old man and a 74-year-old man-who presented with rhinophyma. The instrument we used was the Medtronic Straightshot M4 Microdebrider...
January 2018: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
Venkataram Mysore, Omprakash H Mahadevappa, Shyamanta Barua, Imran Majid, Vishalakshi Viswanath, Ramesh M Bhat, Suresh Talwar, Salim Thurakkal, Sanjeev J Aurangabadkar, Manas Chatterjee, Anil Ganjoo
Background: Currently, the standard protocol regarding the performance of procedures on patients receiving or having recently received isotretinoin (13- cis -retinoic acid) states that the procedures should not be performed. The recommendations in standard books and drug insert require discontinuation of isotretinoin for 6 months before performing cosmetic procedures, including waxing, dermabrasion, chemical peels, laser procedures, or incisional and excisional cold-steel surgery. These recommendations have been followed for over two decades despite little evidence for the stated increased risk of scarring...
October 2017: Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
Harald Dobnig, Karin Amrein
Background Monopolar radiofrequency ablation is currently deemed an exotic treatment option for benign thyroid nodules in many central European countries. The aim of this study was to prospectively evaluate safety and efficacy of this method in a large patient cohort following its introduction in Austria. Patients and methods Peri- and post-interventional complications were analyzed for 277 patients. Efficacy was determined for 300 and 154 nodules at, respectively, 3 and 12 months post-treatment. All treatments were performed with an internally-cooled 18G radiofrequency electrode using a free-hand, so-called "moving-shot" technique following subcutaneous and local perithyroidal anesthesia...
February 28, 2018: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
Lukas Kofler, Katrin Schweinzer, Martin Heister, Maren Kohler, Helmut Breuninger, Hans-Martin Häfner
BACKGROUND: Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic inflammatory skin disease with increasing incidence. Severe disease stages are seen as a therapeutic challenge and pose the threat of significant restrictions in patients' life quality. OBJECTIVES: We evaluated postoperative outcome after wide local excision for HS as well as postoperative course, cosmetic results, disease recurrence and quality of life. METHODS: All patients receiving radical surgical treatment for HS (Hurley III) between 2006-2015 were identified and received a letter-based survey...
February 27, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
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