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Cosmetic surgery

Ana Karen Medina Lira, Argenis Jose Mayorga Soto, Pamela Frigerio
BACKGROUND: Choledochal cyst is a congenital dilatation of the biliary tree. It may affect only the extrahepatic bile duct (type I, II and III), intrahepatic (type V) or both (type IVa). Vater first described choledochal cyst in 1723. Open excision was the standard procedure made a great impact in the treatment but since 1995 Farello et al. first reported laparoscopic choledochal cyst excision and this has been used worldwide. CASE REPORT: Female, 17 years old, past medical history two years ago a laparoscopic cholecystectomy for gallbladders...
October 5, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Monique Vanaman Wilson, Sabrina Guillen Fabi, Ryan Greene
Importance: The pivotal approval trial for a smooth, highly cohesive, viscous, 20-mg/mL hyaluronic acid filler demonstrated sustained aesthetic improvement, with a mean injection volume of 6.65 mL. In daily practice, however, it is not often practical or necessary to use large injection volumes to achieve the desired cosmetic outcome. Objective: To assess the efficacy, longevity, and patient satisfaction associated with correction of age-related midface volume loss using the low volumes of hyaluronic acid filler more commonly used in day-to-day practice...
October 20, 2016: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 21, 2016: British Dental Journal
Sujata R Mehta-Ambalal
An internet search was made looking for articles about chemical and physical modalities that are known to induce collagen and elastin formation. Textbooks, independent articles, journals and books on pathology, biochemistry, aesthetic medicine and cosmetic and plastic surgery were used as references. Here, we take a look at various studies, in vitro and in vivo, that lend credence to the products and procedures used in clinical practice to induce neocollagenesis and neoelastinogenesis.
July 2016: Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
Nirav Patel, Justine Pierson, Timothy Lee, Bruce Mast, Bernard T Lee, Irene Estores, Dhruv Singhal
BACKGROUND: Integrative medicine (IM) is currently used by 40% of Americans. Our objective is to examine the prevalence and perception of IM utilization in patients being evaluated for elective plastic surgery. METHODS: In July 2014, 402 consecutive patients presenting to plastic surgery clinics at the University of Florida, Veterans Affairs (VA), and Private Practices in Gainesville, Florida were requested to complete a survey regarding utilization of and attitudes towards IM...
October 17, 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Tiffany Loh, Ashley G Rubin, Shang I Brian Jiang
BACKGROUND: Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common malignancy in the United States. Most BCCs occur on cutaneous surfaces, but rare cases on the mucosal lip have also been documented. Because only a small number of mucosal BCC (mBCC) cases have been reported, data on their clinical characteristics and management are limited. OBJECTIVE: To perform an updated literature review of the management of mBCCs on the lip. METHODS: A comprehensive literature review was conducted through a search of the PubMed database with the key phrases "mucosal basal cell carcinoma," "basal cell carcinoma mucosa," and "basal cell carcinoma lip mucosa...
October 13, 2016: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
J Lindert, O Hiort, L Tüshaus, K Tafazzoli-Lari, L Wünsch
A variable spectrum of urogenital malformations exists in girls with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH). The vagina may enter the urethra at a variable level, and relations to the sphincter complex vary accordingly. Furthermore, an enlarged clitoris and variations in the bladder sphincter anatomy can be found. Endoscopy, genitography or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are commonly used for the assessment of these anomalies, and to provide information for counselling and treatment. When surgery is planned, introitoplasty cosmetical reduction of the clitoris and labioplasty are discussed with the families; introitoplasty is the most demanding aspect...
September 10, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
V Peretti, E Chereau, E Lambaudie, F Greco, M Butarelli, C Jauffret, S Rua-Ribeiro, G Houvenaeghel
OBJECTIVE: Carry out a preliminary study comparing postoperative pain and intraoperative and postoperative complications between micro-laparoscopy and laparoscopic monotrocart non-oncological adnexal surgery. METHODS: All patients should benefit from a benign adnexal surgery were included prospectively from February to May 2014. The insufflation pressure, infiltration of trocar holes with a local anesthetic, postoperative analgesics were prescribed standardized...
October 14, 2016: Gynécologie, Obstétrique & Fertilité
Min-Hui Hung, Chun-Ta Liao, Chung-Jan Kang, Shiang-Fu Huang
Most parotid tumors grow slowly, and sometimes these patients do not request surgical treatment until the tumors become large and affect their appearance. The surgical treatment of these large tumors is usually accompanied by large skin defects after excision, and it is challenging for surgeons to close the defect primarily. This report describes the case of a 68-year-old man with a left parotid gland tumor (largest dimension, 110 mm) and the case of a 79-year-old man with a left parotid gland tumor measuring approximately 77 mm that had existed for decades...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Sumul A Gandhi, Jeremy T Kampp
BACKGROUND: Dermatologic surgery requires precision and accuracy given the delicate nature of procedures performed. The use of the most appropriate instrument for each action helps optimize both functionality and cosmetic outcome. OBJECTIVE: To review the history of surgical instruments used in dermatology, with a focus on mechanism and evolution to the instruments that are used in current practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was conducted via textbook and journal research for historic references while review of current references was conducted online using multiple search engines and PubMed...
October 4, 2016: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
Abhinav Sinha, Anil Mehtani, Alok Sud, Vipul Vijay, Nishikant Kumar, Jatin Prakash
BACKGROUND: Gentle passive manipulation and casting by the Ponseti method have become the preferred method of treatment of clubfoot presenting at an early age. However, very few studies are available in literature on the use of Ponseti method in older children. We conducted this study to find the efficacy of Ponseti method in treating neglected clubfoot, which is a major disabler of children in developing countries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 41 clubfeet in 30 patients, presenting after the walking age were evaluated to determine whether the Ponseti method is effective in treating neglected clubfoot...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
Taoran Jiang, Yun Xie, Ming Zhu, Peijuan Zhao, Zhuxin Chen, Chen Cheng, Rulin Huang, Kai Liu, Qingfeng Li
BACKGROUND: Patients with congenital or acquired deformities always need fat graft at least twice to remodel facial contour. The purpose of this study was to objectively evaluate the outcomes of the first and second fat grafts for Romberg syndrome by using three-dimensional (3D) volumetric analysis. METHOD: A retrospective study was conducted using the medical records of 13 patients with Romberg disease who were treated with fat graft twice for facial filling. Patient and surgeon satisfactions were evaluated by comparing the preoperative and postoperative two-dimensional (2D) photographs...
July 2, 2016: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
M R Grootendorst, M Cariati, A Kothari, D S Tuch, A Purushotham
Cerenkov luminescence imaging (CLI) is a novel molecular optical imaging technique based on the detection of optical Cerenkov photons emitted by positron emission tomography (PET) imaging agents. The ability to use clinically approved tumour-targeted tracers in combination with small-sized imaging equipment makes CLI a particularly interesting technique for image-guided cancer surgery. The past few years have witnessed a rapid increase in proof-of-concept preclinical studies in this field, and several clinical trials are currently underway...
2016: Clinical and Translational Imaging: Reviews in Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
Safoura Seifi, Shabnam Sohanian, Oveis Khakbaz, Farida Abesi, Fatemeh Aliakbarpour, Arezoo Rayani
INTRODUCTION: The ectopic ciliated cyst is a rare non-odontogenic cyst which occurs as a delayed complication after maxillary sinus radical surgery; this lesion emerges due to the destruction of the sinus mucosa during the surgery and entrapment of the respiratory epithelium in the region. This lesion has been observed in very rare cases following genioplasty and bimaxillary orthognathic surgery. CASE REPORT: We reported a case of the ectopic ciliated cyst in in the mandible of a 37-year-old Iranian woman following genioplasty and Lefort 1 surgery after 2 years...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Amanda J Ampt, Vijay Roach, Christine L Roberts
OBJECTIVES: To compare the characteristics of women who have undergone vulvoplasty with those of other women of reproductive age; to quantify short term adverse events and complications; to determine any association between vulvoplasty and subsequent outcomes for women giving birth. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A population-based record linkage study, analysing New South Wales Admitted Patient Data Collection and NSW Perinatal Data Collection data. The characteristics of all women who had vulvoplasties in NSW hospitals during 2001-2013 were compared with those of all women of reproductive age...
October 17, 2016: Medical Journal of Australia
David Romero-Pérez, Isabel Betlloch-Mas, Belén Encabo-Durán
BACKGROUND: Onychocryptosis or ingrown toenail is a common condition for which there are several treatment options. Surgical matricectomy (SM) is the classical procedure, whereas chemical matricectomy with phenol (CMP) is the most widely used nowadays. OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to evaluate the success rate, postoperative comfort, postoperative complications, and patient satisfaction provided by each of these procedures. METHODS: A retrospective study of all patients who underwent surgery for ingrown toenail over a 5-year period was performed...
October 12, 2016: International Journal of Dermatology
Qingliang Zhao, Cuixia Dai, Shanhui Fan, Jing Lv, Liming Nie
Salicylic acid (SA) has been frequently used as a facial chemical peeling agent (FCPA) in various cosmetics for facial rejuvenation and dermatological treatments in the clinic. However, there is a tradeoff between therapeutic effectiveness and possible adverse effects caused by this agent for cosmetologists. To optimize the cosmetic efficacy with minimal concentration, we proposed a chemical permeation enhancer (CPE) azone to synergistically work with SA on human skin in vivo. The optical properties of human skin after being treated with SA alone and SA combined with azone (SA@azone) were successively investigated by diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS) and optical coherence tomography (OCT)...
October 10, 2016: Scientific Reports
Elie M Ferneini, Daniel Beauvais, Steven I Aronin
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to provide an overview of infections associated with facial soft tissue fillers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature review was performed which evaluated infections associated with facial soft tissue fillers. RESULTS: Infection rates with soft tissue fillers are low and are estimated at 0.04 to 0.2%. Most of these infections arise when skin contaminants infiltrate the injection site at the time of injection...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Merle Spriggs, Lynn Gillam
Is Female Genital Cosmetic Surgery for an adolescent with Body Dysmorphic Disorder ever ethically justified? Cosmetic genital surgery (specifically labioplasty) for adolescent girls is one of the most ethically controversial forms of cosmetic surgery and Body Dysmorphic Disorder is typically seen as a contraindication for cosmetic surgery. Two key ethical concerns are (1) that Body Dysmorphic Disorder undermines whatever capacity for autonomy the adolescent has; and (2) even if there is valid parental consent, the presence of Body Dysmorphic Disorder means that cosmetic surgery will fail in its aims...
November 2016: Bioethics
Eduardo E Montalvo-Javé, Braulio A Crisanto-Campos, Jesús Tapia-Jurado, Edgar Montes de Oca-Duran, Luis Humberto Ortega-León, Stefany Alcántara-Medina, German Eduardo Mendoza-Barrera, César Athie Gutierrez
Natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) represents an alternative in surgical approach, combined with the progress and experience gained from conventional and endoscopic surgery. Bibliographic research in PubMed, Medline database from 2000 to 2015 and analysis of the literature reviews found. NOTES provides vision and natural orifice approach, it has optimized operating times as well as reduced complications and better cosmetic results. Small series of patients have been reported, but there is not a valid clinical multicenter study by evidence-based medicine...
July 2016: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
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