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Cosmetic surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224289/two-different-techniques-for-frontalis-suspension-using-gore-tex-to-treat-severe-congenital-ptosis
#1
Adel Galal Zaky, Sameh Saad Mandour, Marwa Aly Zaky, Asmaa Mohamed Ebrahem
PURPOSE: Severe congenital ptosis is commonly associated with poor levator function. This study compares the functional and cosmetic outcomes of open versus closed frontalis sling using Gore-Tex in the treatment of such conditions. METHODS: Randomized interventional comparative case series of 20 eyes of 13 patients with severe congenital ptosis with levator excursion < 4 mm. Patients were treated by frontalis suspension using Gore-Tex string sutures either through a skin crease incision (group 1) or supraciliary incisions (group II)...
February 21, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216822/a-systematic-review-of-the-factors-predicting-the-interest-in-cosmetic-plastic-surgery
#2
REVIEW
Panagiotis Milothridis, Leonidas Pavlidis, Anna-Bettina Haidich, Efharis Panagopoulou
BACKGROUND: A systematic review of the literature was performed to clarify the psychosocial characteristics of patients who have an interest in cosmetic plastic surgery. METHODS: Medical literature was reviewed by two independent researchers, and a third reviewer evaluated their results. RESULTS: Twelve studies addressing the predictors of interest in cosmetic surgery were finally identified and analysed. Interest in cosmetic surgery was associated with epidemiological factors, their social networks, their psychological characteristics, such as body image, self-esteem and other personality traits and for specific psychopathology and found that these may either positively or negatively predict their motivation to seek and undergo a cosmetic procedure...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216504/-laparoscopic-assisted-resection-for-colorectal-cancer-without-incision-at-abdomen-versus-traditional-laparoscopic-resection-a-meta-analysis
#3
Xiaofeng Yang, Wenbin Su, Ziqing Deng, Qi Wang, Xiaoyang Xu, Jiaqing Cao
To evaluate the safety, feasibility and effectiveness of laparoscopic-assisted resection of colorectal cancer without incision at abdomen vs the traditional laparoscopic resection.
 Methods: We retrieved literature published from August, 2005 to August, 2015 to compare laparoscopic-assisted resection for colorectal cancer without incision at abdomen with the traditional laparoscopic resection. The clinical indicators were extracted from literature met inclusion criteria. The RevMan 5.3 software with a Meta-analysis was used...
January 28, 2017: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215854/endoscope-assisted-resection-of-elongated-styloid-process-through-a-retroauricular-incision-a-novel-surgical-approach-to-eagle-syndrome
#4
Renhui Chen, Faya Liang, Ping Han, Qian Cai, Shitong Yu, Xiaoming Huang
PURPOSE: Conventional resection of the elongated styloid process is associated with large-scale tissue dissection and poor surgical exposure. The purpose of this study was to show the feasibility, efficacy, and safety of a novel surgical approach using an endoscopic technique to treat Eagle syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors implemented a retrospective cohort study composed of 133 patients undergoing endoscope-assisted styloidectomy (EAS) from June 2010 to August 2015 at a university teaching hospital...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208954/effect-of-surgical-curve-correction-on-exercise-tolerance-and-physical-capacities-in-patients-of-severe-spinal-deformity
#5
Prateek C Patil, Ashok K Rathod, Mandar Borde, Vishwajeet Singh, Hemant U Singh
INTRODUCTION: Traditionally, surgical intervention for patients with a spinal deformity has been considered for cosmetic benefits, but surgical intervention can alter the lung physiology or volumes and in turn leads to increase in physical capacity and exercise tolerance. Therefore, we conducted this to determine whether a surgical correction would restore the lung physiology, physical capacity and exercise tolerance in patients with kyphoscoliosis. AIM: To evaluate the usage of six-minute walk test scores and modified Borg scores as tools/measures for exercise tolerance in patients with spinal deformity and to study the effects of surgical correction of spinal deformity on exercise tolerance with above parameters as the measures...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208179/a-quantitative-approach-to-determining-the-ideal-female-lip-aesthetic-and-its-effect-on-facial-attractiveness
#6
Natalie A Popenko, Prem B Tripathi, Zlatko Devcic, Koohyar Karimi, Kathryn Osann, Brian J F Wong
Importance: Aesthetic proportions of the lips and their effect on facial attractiveness are poorly defined. Established guidelines would aid practitioners in achieving optimal aesthetic outcomes during cosmetic augmentation. Objective: To assess the most attractive lip dimensions of white women based on attractiveness ranking of surface area, ratio of upper to lower lip, and dimensions of the lip surface area relative to the lower third of the face. Design, Setting, and Participants: In phase 1 of this study, synthetic morph frontal digital images of the faces of 20 white women ages 18 to 25 years old were used to generate 5 varied lip surface areas for each face...
February 16, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207197/changing-the-surgical-dogma-in-frontal-sinus-trauma-transnasal-endoscopic-repair
#7
Jessica W Grayson, Hari Jeyarajan, Elisa A Illing, Do-Yeon Cho, Kristen O Riley, Bradford A Woodworth
BACKGROUND: Management of frontal sinus trauma includes coronal or direct open approaches through skin incisions to either ablate or obliterate the frontal sinus for posterior table fractures and openly reduce/internally fixate fractured anterior tables. The objective of this prospective case-series study was to evaluate outcomes of frontal sinus anterior and posterior table trauma using endoscopic techniques. METHODS: Prospective evaluation of patients undergoing surgery for frontal sinus fractures was performed...
February 16, 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207032/commentary-on-complications-after-cosmetic-surgery-tourism
#8
Kaveh Alizadeh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 16, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204935/a-review-of-body-dysmorphic-disorder-in-aesthetic-surgery-patients-and-the-legal-implications
#9
Iliana E Sweis, Jamie Spitz, David R Barry, Mimis Cohen
BACKGROUND: Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is an often under-recognized yet severe psychiatric illness. There is limited guidance for plastic surgeons in the USA in how to recognize and manage patients with BDD and protect themselves from potential litigation and harm. Therefore, in collaboration with legal counsel, we remind our profession of the serious nature of patients with BDD, provide warning signs for recognizing BDD, and critically evaluate the validity of informed consent and the legal ramifications of operating on such patients in the USA...
February 15, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204933/a-systematic-review-of-patient-reported-outcome-measures-following-transsexual-surgery
#10
REVIEW
M Barone, A Cogliandro, N Di Stefano, V Tambone, P Persichetti
BACKGROUND: The aims of our study were to identify studies that evaluated patient satisfaction after transsexual surgery, analyze existing questionnaires, and summarize their development, psychometric properties, and content. METHODS: A systematic review of the English-language literature was performed. Patient-reported outcome measures designed to assess patient satisfaction and quality of life following transsexual surgery were identified. Qualifying instruments were assessed for content and adherence to international guidelines for development and validation...
February 15, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203426/a-novel-technique-for-chest-drain-removal-using-a-two-layer-method-with-triclosan-coated-sutures
#11
Yujiro Yokoyama, Takahiro Nakagomi, Daichi Shikata, Taichiro Goto
In thoracic surgery, a thoracic drain is always inserted after the surgical procedure. Repair of the wound after removal of the thoracic tube is performed postoperatively, but no universally standard methods currently exists for this tube removal. Here we report a technique using triclosan-coated sutures that is used in thoracic surgery in our hospital. There are several advantages of this technique. First, there is no need for stitches removal on follow-up. Second, it prevents the leakage of pleural exudate because of the tight two-layer sutures...
January 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203187/reconstructive-surgery-of-the-upper-eyelid-using-the-residual-tarsus-after-excision-of-sebaceous-gland-carcinoma
#12
Tatsuya Yunoki, Yasuhisa Nakamura, Chiharu Fuchizawa, Atsushi Hayashi
PURPOSE: To report a successful eyelid reconstruction performed using the residual tarsus after excision of a sebaceous gland carcinoma. CASE REPORT: An 86-year-old woman presented with a sebaceous gland carcinoma of the upper eyelid margin. After excision of the tumor, she underwent reconstructive surgery of the superior eyelid performed using the residual tarsus. Because the tumor was localized on the upper lid margin, a tarsus of about 4-5 mm in height remained after the excision; we therefore used the residual tarsus to reconstruct the upper eyelid...
September 2016: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202996/-surgical-reconstruction-of-maxillary-defects-using-a-computer-assisted-techniques
#13
W B Zhang, Y Yu, Y Wang, X J Liu, C Mao, C B Guo, G Y Yu, X Peng
The maxilla is the most important bony support of the mid-face skeleton and is critical for both esthetics and function. Maxillary defects, resulting from tumor resection, can cause severe functional and cosmetic deformities. Furthermore, maxillary reconstruction presents a great challenge for oral and maxillofacial surgeons. Nowadays, vascularized composite bone flap transfer has been widely used for functional maxillary reconstruction. In the last decade, we have performed a comprehensive research on functional maxillary reconstruction with free fibula flap and reported excellent functional and acceptable esthetic results...
February 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195452/practical-indications-for-the-management-of-non-melanoma-skin-cancer-patients
#14
Alessandro DI Stefani, Laura Del Regno, Alfredo Piccerillo, Ketty Peris
Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), together encompassed in the term non--melanoma skin cancers (NMSC), are the most common cancers among fair--skinned populations. Individuating accurate risk stratification of NMSC patients is crucial to select different options among various treatment strategies. The majority of low risk NMSCs are easily treated with surgery, offering excellent cure rates and cosmetic results. Other treatment modalities include physical destruction (curettage, cautery and cryotherapy), chemical destruction (photodynamic therapy and topical 5--flurouracil) and immunomodulatory therapy (topical imiquimod)...
February 14, 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194541/undermining-plastic-surgery-as-a%C3%A2-possible-option-for-treating-basal-cell-carcinoma-of-the-forehead
#15
Georgi Tchernev, Ivan Pidakev, Ilia Lozev, Torello Lotti, Jose Carlos Cardoso, James W Patterson
Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common cutaneous cancer. Although most cases can be cured with simple surgical procedures and are associated with a good prognosis, a minority of BCCs may pose significant therapeutic challenges. This occurs mostly in cases of so-called advanced BCC, which a loosely defined term that encompasses locally advanced lesions and tumors with metastatic spread. Treatment of these cases is often complex and sometimes may need combinations of therapeutic modalities, including surgery, radiotherapy and/or targeted therapy directed towards sonic hedgehog (SHH) signaling pathways, such as vismodegib...
February 13, 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194347/is-rectosigmoid-vaginoplasty-still-useful
#16
Seok-Kwun Kim, Ji-Woen Park, Kwang-Ryeol Lim, Keun-Cheol Lee
BACKGROUND: The ideal vaginoplasty must be successful functionally as well as have a natural appearance, and also must retain its functionality and appearance over the long term. Conventional vaginoplasty techniques have functional limitations and are associated with recurrent complications, but rectosigmoid vaginoplasty is known to have a high satisfaction rate due to its functional similarity with the vagina. We conducted the present study to assess the usability of rectosigmoid vaginoplasty over the course of long-term follow-up...
January 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192525/a-prospective-study-of-breast-anthropomorphic-measurements-volume-and-ptosis-in-605-asian-patients-with-breast-cancer-or-benign-breast-disease
#17
Nai-Si Huang, Chen-Lian Quan, Miao Mo, Jia-Jian Chen, Ben-Long Yang, Xiao-Yan Huang, Jiong Wu
OBJECTIVES: The current study aims to summarize breast anthropomorphic measurement features in Chinese patients with breast diseases and to investigate their potential correlations with demographic factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifteen breast anthropomorphic parameters of 605 Chinese female patients were collected prospectively. Breast ptosis status was scaled by two methods and breast volume was calculated according to a modified formula of BREAST-V. RESULTS: Among 1210 breasts, the average breast volume was 340...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188018/surgical-treatment-of-disabling-conditions-caused-by-anogenital-lichen-sclerosus-in-women-an-account-of-surgical-procedures-and-results-including-patient-satisfaction-benefits-and-improvements-in-health-related-quality-of-life
#18
Filip Rangatchew, Jens Knudsen, Michael V Thomsen, Krzysztof T Drzewiecki
BACKGROUND: Anogenital lichen sclerosus (LS), a chronic dermatitis that causes scarring and introital stenosis, may prevent sexual intercourse and reduce health-related quality of life (QoL). Surgery can restore the anatomy, allowing patients to resume their sexual lives. This study investigates outcomes in women treated with local skin flaps. METHODS: Thirty-eight consecutive LS-verified patients, surgically treated for debilitating conditions between 1990 and 2013, were retrospectively evaluated...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183159/a-novel-schedule-of-accelerated-partial-breast-radiation-using-intensity-modulated-radiation-therapy-in-elderly-patients-survival-and-toxicity-analysis-of-a-prospective-clinical-trial
#19
Mutlay Sayan, Karen Wilson, Carl Nelson, Havaleh Gagne, Deborah Rubin, Ruth Heimann
Purpose: Several accelerated partial breast radiation (APBR) techniques have been investigated in patients with early-stage breast cancer (BC); however, the optimal treatment delivery techniques remain unclear. We evaluated the feasibility and toxicity of APBR delivered using intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) in elderly patients with stage I BC, using a novel fractionation schedule. Materials and Methods: Forty-two patients aged ≥65 years, with stage I BC who underwent breast conserving surgery were enrolled in a phase I/II study evaluating APBR using IMRT...
February 13, 2017: Radiation Oncology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179700/calvarial-remodelling-surgery-neurosurgical-experience-of-multidisciplinary-craniofacial-reconstruction
#20
Abdul Ghaffar, Zahid Hussain, Shahzad Ahmed Qasmi, Shahid Hameed Chaudhry
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety, cosmetic and functional outcome of craniofacial reconstruction surgery for primary craniosynostosis and clefts. METHODS: This quasi-experimental study was conducted at the Combined Military Hospital, Rawalpindi, Pakistan, from June 2011 to December 2014, and comprised paediatric patients undergoing calvarial reconstructive procedures. Fronto-orbital advancement and reconstruction, total calvarial remodelling and box flap reconstruction techniques were used...
December 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
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