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Cervical spine trauma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138069/traumatic-fractures-of-the-cervical-spine-analysis-of-changes-in-incidence-etiology-concurrent-injuries-and-complications-among-488-262-patients-from-2005-2013
#1
Peter G Passias, Gregory W Poorman, Frank A Segreto, Cyrus M Jalai, Samantha R Horn, Cole A Bortz, Dennis Vasquez-Montes, Bassel G Diebo, Shaleen Vira, Olivia J Bono, Rafael De La Garza-Ramos, John Y Moon, Charles Wang, Brandon P Hirsch, Peter L Zhou, Michael Gerling, Heiko Koller, Virginie Lafage
OBJECTIVE: The etiologies and epidemiology of traumatic cervical spine fracture have not been described with sufficient power or recency. Our goal is to describe demographics, incidence, etiology, spinal cord injuries (SCIs), concurrent injuries, treatments, and complications of traumatic cervical spine fractures. METHODS: Retrospective review of the Nationwide Inpatient Sample. ICD-9 E-Codes identified trauma cases from 2005-2013. Patients with cervical fracture were isolated...
November 11, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133003/atlantooccipital-rotatory-dislocation-a-case-report-and-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Luis A Robles, Greg M Mundis, Abel Cuevas-Solórzano
BACKGROUND: Atlanto-occipital rotatory dislocation (AORD) has been rarely reported in the literature; for this reason, the clinical-radiological characteristics of this injury are not well described. METHODS: The authors describe the case of a 67 years old male who sustained a cervical spine trauma. He only referred neck pain and was neurologically intact. The CT scan showed a rotatory displacement of the atlanto-occipital joints (AOJs) associated with a widened condylar-C1 interval; in addition, the MRI revealed injuries to the stabilizing ligaments of this area...
November 10, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129272/incidence-and-risk-factors-for-infection-in-spine-surgery-a-prospective-multicenter-study-of-1764-instrumented-spinal-procedures
#3
Wenfei Gu, Laiyong Tu, Zhiquan Liang, Zhenbin Wang, Kahaer Aikenmu, Ge Chu, Enfeng Zhang, Jiang Zhao
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infection (SSI) is a common complication in spinal surgery, imposing a high burden on patients and society. However, information about its characteristics and related risk factors is limited. We designed this prospective, multicenter study to address this issue. METHODS: From January 2015 through February 2016, a total of 1764 patients who had spinal trauma or degenerative spinal diseases were treated with instrumented surgeries and followed up for 1 year with complete data...
November 9, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119335/unilateral-vertebral-artery-injury-in-a-patient-with-displaced-upper-cervical-spine-fractures-the-treatment-for-one-case-of-vertebral-artery-embolism
#4
Hong-Jun Zou, Jun Wu, Yong Hu, Dong Cheng, Jin-Bo Liu
PURPOSE: To report a novel treatment method for vertebral artery injury. Vertebral artery injuries may be caused during trauma by fracture and excessive motion with subluxation from C2 to C6 in spite of vertebral artery deeply seated and normally well protected inside the transverse foramen. Optimal medical management of the occluded vertebral artery has yet to be determined. METHODS: We report on a severely displaced C2-C3 fracture that was found to have a vertebral artery injury...
November 8, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109636/comparison-of-polyvinyl-chloride-curved-reinforced-and-straight-reinforced-endotracheal-tubes-for-tracheal-intubation-through-airtraq%C3%A2-laryngoscope-in-anesthetized-patients
#5
Kush Ashokkumar Goyal, Shaji Mathew, Arun Kumar Handigodu Duggappa, Kanika P Nanda, Souvik Chaudhuri, Renganathan Sockalingam
Background and Aims: The Airtraq™ video laryngoscope facilitates tracheal intubations in patients with difficult airway or cervical spine immobilization. However, curved reinforced tracheal tube and straight reinforced tracheal tubes are useful where neck of the patient is likely to be moved or flexed or if patient is in prone position, wherein nonreinforced endotracheal tube (ETT) might get kinked and/or compressed. We compared intubation success rate of curved and straight reinforced tracheal tubes with polyvinyl chloride (PVC) tracheal tube using Airtaq™ laryngoscope in paralyzed and anesthetized patients...
July 2017: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108846/predictors-of-pediatric-blunt-cerebrovascular-injury
#6
Avery C Rossidis, Sasha J Tharakan, Sourav K Bose, Karuna V Shekdar, Michael L Nance, Thane A Blinman
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Blunt cerebrovascular injury (BCVI) is clinically challenging because these injuries are hard to detect and can have serious neurological consequences, and optimal screening criteria have not been established for children. This study aims to determine risk factors for BCVI in pediatric patients and to evaluate screening practices in a single institutional series. METHODS: A retrospective review of all pediatric blunt trauma patients evaluated over a 10-year period was performed...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098965/orthopedic-injuries-in-pediatric-trauma
#7
Eman Loubani, Rodrick Lim, Debra Bartley
Trauma remains the leading cause of death in children, of which the majority of patients have orthopedic injuries. The range of injured bones is various, each requiring knowledge and expertise to appropriately manage in a timely fashion. The importance of a systematic approach to the pediatric polytrauma patient is paramount. This chapter will highlight orthopedic issues important to the pediatric polytrauma patient including the unique anatomy and properties of pediatric bone. A systematic approach to the pediatric polytrauma patient will also be discussed...
September 11, 2017: Current Pediatric Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089670/complications-exclusive-to-long-strut-grafts-used-following-multilevel-cervical-corpectomy-utilization-of-advanced-imaging-techniques
#8
Pushpa B Thippeswamy, Sunitha P Kumaran, Vinay Hegde, Sanjaya Viswamitra
When surgical decompression of cervical spine is considered, multilevel cervical corpectomy with long strut grafts is the preferred treatment. This procedure is used in a variety of pathologies including degenerative disease, tumors, trauma and infection. Corpectomy with interbody grafting helps in adequate spinal canal and neural decompression compared to multilevel discectomy, which could be difficult as well as inadequate. Fibular/iliac strut grafts are used for reconstruction along with a stabilizing hardware in this procedure...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084406/a-retrospective-study-of-cervical-spine-mri-findings-in-children-with-abusive-head-trauma
#9
Lance S Governale, Farah W Brink, Charles P Pluto, Victoria A Schunemann, Rachel Weber, Jerome Rusin, Beth A Fischer, Megan M Letson
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Increasing attention has been given to the possible association of cervical spine (c-spine) injuries with abusive head trauma (AHT). The aims of this study were to describe c-spine MRI findings in hospitalized AHT patients. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of children under the age of 5 years with AHT admitted to hospital in 2004-2013. Those with c-spine MRI were identified, and the images were reviewed. RESULTS: 250 AHT cases were identified, with 34 (14%) undergoing c-spine MRI...
October 31, 2017: Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081394/a-case-of-asymptomatic-occipital-condyle-fracture-with-incomplete-occipito-cervical-dislocation-how-did-it-happen
#10
P Anania, P Fiaschi, P F Sbaffi, G L Zona
Atlanto-occipital dislocation (AODs) is a lesion rarely observed in a trauma center, due to high mortality in the preclinical phase. The number of AODs survivors is increasing thanks to the improvement in prehospital resuscitation. Our goal is to describe a case of incomplete atlanto-occipital dislocation presented without any neurological, cardio-respiratory, or metabolic problems, which remained constant even after surgical treatment. Our purpose is also to discuss treatment approaches to minimize subsequent neurological deficits...
October 25, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079071/occult-spinal-cord-injury-after-blunt-force-trauma-in-a-patient-with-achondroplasia-a-case-report-and-review-of-trauma-management-strategy
#11
Martin Huecker, Zach Harris, Eric Yazel
BACKGROUND: Achondroplastic dwarfism is associated with anatomic abnormalities that can predispose to occult injury and challenges in trauma management. Airway anatomy is problematic due to macrocephaly, midface hypoplasia, and a narrow nasopharynx. Manipulation of the neck is very dangerous due to the high likelihood of preexisting cervicomedullary stenosis. Restrictive lung disease and obstructive sleep apnea may complicate respiratory status. Peripheral and central venous access can be difficult to obtain...
October 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078907/cervical-spine-injuries-in-young-children-pattern-and-outcomes-in-accidental-versus-inflicted-trauma
#12
Joanne Baerg, Arul Thirumoorthi, Rajaie Hazboun, Rosemary Vannix, Paul Krafft, Alexander Zouros
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to compare the cervical spine (c-spine) pattern of injury and outcomes in children below 3 y with a head injury from confirmed inflicted versus accidental trauma. METHODS: After Institutional Review Board approval, data were prospectively collected between July 2011 and January 2016. Inclusion criteria were age below 3 y, a loss of consciousness, and any one of the following initial head computed tomography (CT) findings (subdural hematoma, intraventricular, intraparenchymal, subarachnoid hemorrhage, or cerebral edema)...
November 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053055/successful-surgical-repair-and-recovery-in-a-2-week-old-infant-after-birth-related-cervical-fracture-dislocation
#13
Sara Saleh, Kyle I Swanson, Taryn Bragg
Cervical spine injuries are the most common spine injuries in the pediatric population. The authors present the youngest known patient who underwent cervical spine fusion to repair birth trauma-induced cervical fracture dislocation, resulting in spondyloptosis and spinal cord injury. A 2-week-old boy was found to have spondyloptosis and spinal cord injury after concerns arose from reduced movement of the extremities. The patient's birth was complicated by undiagnosed abdominal dystocia, which led to cervical distraction injury...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038025/assessment-of-the-cervical-spine-denticulate-ligament-using-mri-volumetric-sequence-comparison-between-1-5-tesla-and-3-0-tesla
#14
Rafael Seragioli, Marcelo Novelino Simao, Gustavo Novelino Simao, Carlos Fernando P S Herrero, Marcello H Nogueira-Barbosa
BACKGROUND: Denticulate ligaments (DLs) are pial extensions on each side of the spinal cord, comprising about 20 to 21 pairs of fibrous structures connecting the dura mater to the spinal cord. These ligaments are significant anatomical landmarks in the surgical approach to intradural structures. To our knowledge, there is no previous study on the detection of DLs using MRI. METHODS: After IRB approval, we retrospectively evaluated 116 consecutive MRI scans of the cervical spine, using the volumetric sequence 3D COSMIC, 65 and 51 studies with 1...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Neuroradiology. Journal de Neuroradiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031873/does-specialty-matter-a-survey-on-176-italian-neurosurgeons-and-orthopaedic-spine-surgeons-confirms-similar-competency-for-common-spinal-conditions-and-supports-multidisciplinary-teams-in-comprehensive-and-complex-spinal-care
#15
Matteo Pejrona, Gabriele Ristori, Jorge Hugo Villafañe, Fabrizio Ernesto Pregliasco, Pedro Berjano
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Spine surgery is a multi-faceted sub-speciality requiring a breadth of knowledge and skill from different branches of medicine for the treatment of pathologies varying from degenerative to deformity, oncological, and trauma. PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to investigate the self-perceived competency of spine surgeons in relation to different types of spinal procedures. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: Survey study. METHODS: We conducted a survey on 176 surgeons (Orthopaedic surgeons and Neurosurgeons)...
October 11, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027857/is-there-added-value-in-obtaining-cervical-spine-mri-in-the-assessment-of-nontraumatic-angiographically-negative-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-a-retrospective-study-and-meta-analysis-of-the-literature
#16
Gelareh Sadigh, Chad A Holder, Jeffrey M Switchenko, Seena Dehkharghani, Jason W Allen
OBJECTIVE Diagnostic algorithms for nontraumatic angiographically negative subarachnoid hemorrhage (AN-SAH) vary, and the optimal method remains subject to debate. This study assessed the added value of cervical spine MRI in identifying a cause for nontraumatic AN-SAH. METHODS Consecutive patients 18 years of age or older who presented with nontraumatic SAH between February 1, 2009, and October 31, 2014, with negative cerebrovascular catheter angiography and subsequent cervical MRI were studied. Patients with intraparenchymal, subdural, or epidural hemorrhage; recent trauma; or known vascular malformations were excluded...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023379/effect-of-early-pelvic-binder-use-in-the-emergency-management-of-suspected-pelvic-trauma-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#17
Sheng-Der Hsu, Cheng-Jueng Chen, Yu-Ching Chou, Sheng-Hao Wang, De-Chuan Chan
BACKGROUND: We aimed to evaluate the effect of early pelvic binder use in the emergency management of suspected pelvic trauma, compared with the conventional stepwise approach. METHODS: We enrolled trauma patients with initial stabilization using a pelvic binder when suspecting pelvic injury. The inclusion criteria were traumatic injury requiring a trauma team and at least one of the following: a loss of consciousness or a Glasgow coma score (GCS) of <13; systolic blood pressure of <90 mmHg; falling from ≥6 m; injury to multiple vital organs; and suspected pelvic injury...
October 12, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021885/fracture-dislocation-at-c6-c7-level-with-quadriplegia-after-traditional-massage-in-a-patient-with-ankylosing-spondylitis-a-case-report
#18
Kak Abilash, Qmq Mohd, Zah Ahmad, Basir Towil
Ankylosing spinal disorders (ASD) tend to result in fractures and/or dislocations after minor trauma because of the altered biomechanical properties. The relative risk of traumatic vertebral fractures in patients with ankylosing spondylitis has been estimated as three times higher than in the general population. These spine traumas, which are located at cervical level in 81% of patients with ankylosing spondylitis, are complicated by neurological lesions in 65% of patients, due to the high inherent instability of these fractures...
July 2017: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021682/spontaneous-regression-of-retro-odontoid-post-traumatic-cicatrix-following-occipitocervical-fixation
#19
Priyank Sinha, Ming-Te Lee, Sasan Panbehchi, Ankur Saxena, Debasish Pal
This case report describes a patient who presented with myelopathy secondary to a large retro-odontoid post traumatic cicatrix. The objective of this study was to discuss the clinical presentation, pathogenesis, imaging, and surgical management of pseudoarthrosis tissue mass associated with odontoid nonunion. Atlantoaxial subluxation (AAS) has been widely reported in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. AAS leads to repeated cycles of partial tear and repair of ligaments around the altantoaxial complex, resulting in the formation of periodontoid mass (pseudotumor)...
July 2017: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019639/spine-conditions-cervical-spine-conditions
#20
Marc A Childress
There are a variety of causes of neck pain, including trauma and degenerative changes. The history of onset helps to direct evaluation, including the need for imaging or ancillary testing. Patterns of pain, weakness, and other specific physical examination findings also aid in diagnosis. Management of most soft tissue injuries involves early mobilization, whereas fractures are managed based on patterns of instability. Acute spinal cord injury requires emergent care, to include possible decompressive surgery...
October 2017: FP Essentials
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