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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149953/myocardial-perfusion-scans-and-mortality-in-asymptomatic-patients-awaiting-renal-transplantation
#1
A Jauhal, S Harenberg, J J Crawford, I Bare, B Prasad, L Zahorski, G Ollenberger, V Trivedi, V Chopra, A Shoker, A Lavoie, P Dehghani
Cardiac risk assessment for asymptomatic patients awaiting renal transplantation is controversial. Patients awaiting renal transplantation in Southern Saskatchewan from 2005 to 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Patients underwent cardiac risk stratification with stress myocardial perfusion scan. Baseline clinical characteristics, nuclear scan results, all-cause mortality, and cardiovascular events were analyzed. Abnormal scans were defined as studies with reversible defects, wall motion abnormalities, lung uptake, or transient ischemic dilation...
November 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138191/evaluation-of-guidelines-regarding-surgical-treatment-of-breast-cancer-using-the-agree-instrument-a-systematic-review
#2
Xin Lei, Fengtao Liu, Shuying Luo, Ya Sun, Liling Zhu, Fengxi Su, Kai Chen, Shunrong Li
OBJECTIVES: Many clinical practice guidelines and consensus statements (CPGs/consensus statements) have been developed for the surgical treatments for breast cancer. This study aims to evaluate the quality of these CPGs/consensus statements. METHODS: We systematically searched the PubMed and EMBASE databases, as well as four guideline repositories, to identify CPGs and consensus statements regarding surgical treatments for breast cancer between January 2009 and December 2016...
November 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126282/comment-on-high-levels-of-susceptibility-to-new-and-older-antibiotics-in-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-isolates-from-saskatchewan-2003-15-time-to-consider-point-of-care-or-molecular-testing-for-precision-treatment
#3
Benjamin Davido, Aurelien Dinh, Morgan Matt, Olivia Senard, Laurene Deconinck, Frederique Bouchand, Jerome Salomon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 8, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120303/lunch-is-ready%C3%A2-but-not-healthy-an-analysis-of-lunches-served-in-childcare-centres-in-two-canadian-provinces
#4
Stephanie Ward, Mathieu Bélanger, Denise Donovan, Hassan Vatanparast, Rachel Engler-Stringer, Anne Leis, Natalie Carrier
OBJECTIVES: Childcare centres (CCs) typically offer one meal and snacks daily. This study compared what is served in CCs with what the nutritional recommendations are; described and compared the nutritional composition of lunches served in CCs in New Brunswick and Saskatchewan; and examined differences between French and English, and urban and rural centres. METHODS: The study involved 61 randomly selected CCs in New Brunswick and Saskatchewan, Canada. Lunch content was measured on two consecutive days by weighing each food item served to children and by visually documenting the food items using digital photography...
November 9, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110060/community-response-and-engagement-during-extreme-water-events-in-saskatchewan-canada-and-queensland-australia
#5
Dena W McMartin, Alison J Sammel, Katherine Arbuthnott
Technology alone cannot address the challenges of how societies, communities, and individuals understand water accessibility, water management, and water consumption, particularly under extreme conditions like floods and droughts. At the community level, people are increasingly aware challenges related to responses to and impacts of extreme water events. This research begins with an assessment of social and political capacities of communities in two Commonwealth jurisdictions, Queensland, Australia and Saskatchewan, Canada, in response to major flooding events...
November 6, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109576/baseline-competency-assessment-of-pharmacists-prescribing-and-managing-vancomycin-therapy-in-the-regina-qu-appelle-health-region
#6
Kirsten Tangedal, Jennifer Bolt, Suzanne Len, Ali Bell
Background: Pharmacists in the Regina Qu'Appelle Health Region (RQHR), Saskatchewan, independently dose, monitor, and adjust vancomycin therapy. No framework exists for ongoing competency assessment of pharmacists. Objectives: The primary objective was to determine pharmacists' overall level of competency for all components of the vancomycin prescribing procedure. The secondary objectives were to determine competency for individual prescribing phases, to stratify overall competency in relation to pharmacist and patient factors, and to identify the 3 most frequent errors...
September 2017: Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100142/determining-geographic-accessibility-of-family-physician-and-nurse-practitioner-services-in-relation-to-the-distribution-of-seniors-within-two-canadian-prairie-provinces
#7
Tayyab Ikram Shah, Stephan Milosavljevic, Brenna Bath
Equitable access and distribution of health care services for rural and remote populations is a substantial challenge for health workforce planners and policy makers. Geospatial examination of access to health care considers both need and supply dimensions together to determine spatial access scores which contribute to a greater understanding of potential inequity in accessibility. This geospatial investigation explores geographic variation in accessibility to primary health care services utilizing combined access scores for family physicians and nurse practitioner services in urban and rural communities in the Canadian Prairie provinces of Saskatchewan and Alberta...
October 19, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096153/uptake-and-speciation-of-uranium-in-synthetic-gypsum-caso4%C3%A2-2h2o-applications-to-radioactive-mine-tailings
#8
Jinru Lin, Wei Sun, Jacques Desmarais, Ning Chen, Renfei Feng, Patrick Zhang, Dien Li, Arthur Lieu, John S Tse, Yuanming Pan
Phosphogypsum formed from the production of phosphoric acid represents by far the biggest accumulation of gypsum-rich wastes in the world and commonly contains elevated radionuclides, including uranium, as well as other heavy metals and metalloids. Therefore, billions-of-tons of phosphogypsum stockpiled worldwide not only possess serious environmental problems but also represent a potential uranium resource. Gypsum is also a major solid constituent in many other types of radioactive mine tailings, which stems from the common usage of sulfuric acid in extraction processes...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095863/conservation-genetics-of-the-eastern-yellow-bellied-racer-coluber-constrictor-flaviventris-and-bullsnake-pituophis-catenifer-sayi-river-valleys-are-critical-features-for-snakes-at-northern-range-limits
#9
Christopher M Somers, Carly F Graham, Jessica A Martino, Timothy R Frasier, Stacey L Lance, Laura E Gardiner, Ray G Poulin
On the North American Great Plains, several snake species reach their northern range limit where they rely on sparsely distributed hibernacula located in major river valleys. Independent colonization histories for the river valleys and barriers to gene flow caused by the lack of suitable habitat between them may have produced genetically differentiated snake populations. To test this hypothesis, we used 10 microsatellite loci to examine the population structure of two species of conservation concern in Canada: the eastern yellow-bellied racer (Coluber constrictor flaviventris) and bullsnake (Pituophis catenifer sayi) in 3 major river valleys in southern Saskatchewan...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074519/development-and-pilot-testing-of-a-decision-aid-for-the-initiation-of-antipsychotic-medications-in-persons-with-dementia-in-long-term-care-using-a-systematic-approach-a-study-protocol
#10
Leslie J Malloy-Weir, Andrew Kirk
INTRODUCTION: Antipsychotic medications are commonly used in long-term care to treat neuropsychiatric symptoms of dementia despite concerns that their risks (eg, infection, falls, death) may outweigh their benefits. This study protocol outlines the development and pilot testing of a decision aid for antipsychotic medications that is tailored to the information needs of residents with dementia in long-term care and family caregivers (or decision makers). The goals of the decision aid are to help residents and caregivers (1) better understand the risks and benefits of antipsychotic medications in long-term care, and (2) make informed decisions about their use (or non-use)...
October 25, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043760/retail-food-environments-shopping-experiences-first-nations-and-the-provincial-norths
#11
Kristin Burnett, Kelly Skinner, Travis Hay, Joseph LeBlanc, Lori Chambers
INTRODUCTION: This paper looks at the market food environments of First Nations communities located in the provincial Norths by examining the potential retail competition faced by the North West Company (NWC) and by reporting on the grocery shopping experiences of people living in northern Canada. METHODS: We employed two methodological approaches to assess northern retail food environments. First, we mapped food retailers in the North to examine the breadth of retail competition in the provincial Norths, focussing specifically on those communities without year-round road access...
October 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038325/saskatchewan-first-nations-drafts-suicide-prevention-plan
#12
Laura Eggertson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 16, 2017: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029217/high-levels-of-susceptibility-to-new-and-older-antibiotics-in-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-isolates-from-saskatchewan-2003-15-time-to-consider-point-of-care-or-molecular-testing-for-precision-treatment
#13
Sidharath D Thakur, Paul N Levett, Gregory B Horsman, Jo-Anne R Dillon
Objectives: The antimicrobial susceptibility of Neisseria gonorrhoeae isolates from Saskatchewan was determined retrospectively (2003-15) to ascertain temporal trends to both current and older antimicrobials used for treatment. Method: The agar dilution method was used to test the antimicrobial susceptibilities of 685 isolates to seven antibiotics. Results: Over the period, only three (0.4%) gonococcal isolates had reduced susceptibility to cefixime and/or ceftriaxone...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983383/the-incidence-of-hip-fractures-in-long-term-care-homes-in-saskatchewan-from-2008-to-2012-an-analysis-of-provincial-administrative-databases
#14
Lilian U Thorpe, Susan J Whiting, Wenbin Li, William Dust, Thomas Hadjistavropoulos, Gary Teare
BACKGROUND: Hip fractures (HFs) represent an important cause of morbidity and mortality among adults in long-term care (LTC), but lack of detailed epidemiological data poses challenges to intervention planning. We aimed to determine the incidence of HFs among permanent LTC residents in Saskatchewan between 2008 and 2012, using linked, provincial administrative health databases, exploring associations between outcomes and basic individual and institutional characteristics. METHODS: We utilized the Ministry of Health databases to select HF cases based on ICD 10 diagnoses fracture of head and neck of femur, pertrochanteric fracture and subtrochanteric fracture of femur...
September 2017: Canadian Geriatrics Journal: CGJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981633/impact-of-an-integrated-model-of-care-on-outcomes-of-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-diseases-evidence-from-a-population-based-study
#15
Juan Nicolás Peña-Sánchez, Lisa M Lix, Gary F Teare, Wenbin Li, Sharyle A Fowler, Jennifer L Jones
Background and Aims: Studies evaluating the impact of integrated models of care [IMC] for inflammatory bowel disease [IBD] on disease-related outcomes are needed. We compared the risk of IBD-related outcomes and prescription medication claims between patients exposed and non-exposed to an IMC. Methods: A retrospective population-based matched cohort study was conducted between 2009 and 2015, using administrative health data of Saskatchewan, Canada. Patients aged 18+ years with a diagnosis of IBD were identified with a validated administrative definition...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966353/epidemiology-of-gastrointestinal-nematode-infections-in-grazing-yearling-beef-cattle-in-saskatchewan
#16
Murray Jelinski, John Gilleard, Lisa Rocheleau, Grant Royan, Cheryl Waldner
The objective of this study was to provide contemporary data on the epidemiology of gastrointestinal nematode parasite infections of grazing yearling beef cattle in the province of Saskatchewan. Fecal samples (n = 1290) were collected over 4 time periods during the summer grazing season from 21 separately managed groups of cattle. Fecal egg counts (FEC) were estimated using generalized estimating equations with a negative binomial distribution with log link function, adjusting for clustering of samples within each herd for each time period...
October 2017: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964606/bioconcentration-of-polycyclic-musks-in-fathead-minnows-caged-in-a-wastewater-effluent-plume
#17
Claudine Lefebvre, Linda E Kimpe, Chris D Metcalfe, Vance L Trudeau, Jules M Blais
The synthetic polycyclic musks HHCB (Galaxolide(®)) and AHTN (Tonalide(®)) were monitored in fathead minnows (FHMs) caged for a month at various locations in the North Saskatchewan River (NSR), upstream and downstream of the Gold Bar wastewater treatment plant that serves the city of Edmonton, AB, Canada. In addition, the distribution of these musk compounds in the river was predicted using the fugacity-based Quantitative Water Air Sediment Interface (QWASI) model. In FHMs caged 0.15 km downstream of the wastewater outfall, mean concentrations of HHCB and AHTN were 7...
December 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960630/patient-family-advisors-perspectives-on-engagement-in-health-care-quality-improvement-initiatives-power-and-partnership
#18
Donna Goodridge, Tanner Isinger, Thomas Rotter
BACKGROUND: Engagement of the public in defining and shaping the organization and delivery of health care is increasingly viewed as integral to improving quality and promoting transparent decision making. Meaningful engagement of the public in health-care reform is predicated on shifting entrenched power imbalances between health-care systems and those it claims to serve. OBJECTIVES: To describe the expressions, forms and spaces of power from the perspectives of persons who participated as Patient/Family Advisors (PFAs) in Rapid Process Improvement Workshops (RPIWs) within Saskatchewan, Canada...
September 28, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957412/cohort-profile-the-canadian-hiv-women-s-sexual-and-reproductive-health-cohort-study-chiwos
#19
Mona Loutfy, Alexandra de Pokomandy, V Logan Kennedy, Allison Carter, Nadia O'Brien, Karène Proulx-Boucher, Erin Ding, Johanna Lewis, Valerie Nicholson, Kerrigan Beaver, Saara Greene, Wangari Tharao, Anita Benoit, Danièle Dubuc, Jamie Thomas-Pavanel, Paul Sereda, Shahab Jabbari, Jayson H Shurgold, Guillaume Colley, Robert S Hogg, Angela Kaida
Globally, women are at increased vulnerability to HIV due to biological, social, structural, and political reasons. Women living with HIV also experience unique issues related to their medical and social healthcare, which makes a clinical care model specific to their needs worthy of exploration. Furthermore, there is a dearth of research specific to women living with HIV. Research for this population has often been narrowly focused on pregnancy-related issues without considering their complex structural inequalities, social roles, and healthcare and biological needs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949817/resilience-of-farm-women-working-the-third-shift
#20
Valerie Elliot, Louise Hagel, James A Dosman, Masud Rana, Josh Lawson, Barbara Marlenga, Catherine Trask, William Pickett
BACKGROUND: We examined physical health and work experiences in a Saskatchewan population of farm women, and determined how participation in the "third shift" (a phenomenon where women engage in off-farm employment, farm labor, and as homemakers) relates to their demographic, physical health, and work experiences. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional epidemiological study. Reports from 980 women who lived or worked on Saskatchewan farms were analyzed to describe their health status, comorbidities, use of medications, and exposures to farm work...
September 26, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
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