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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335552/virological-surveillance-of-influenza-a-subtypes-isolated-in-2014-from-clinical-outbreaks-in-canadian-swine
#1
Helena Grgić, Jackie Gallant, Zvonimir Poljak
Influenza A viruses (IAVs) are respiratory pathogens associated with an acute respiratory disease that occurs year-round in swine production. It is currently one of the most important pathogens in swine populations, with the potential to infect other host species including humans. Ongoing research indicates that the three major subtypes of IAV-H1N1, H1N2, and H3N2-continue to expand in their genetic and antigenic diversity. In this study, we conducted a comprehensive genomic analysis of 16 IAVs isolated from different clinical outbreaks in Alberta, Manitoba, Ontario, and Saskatchewan in 2014...
March 21, 2017: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300448/photoprotection-knowledge-and-behaviours-among-organ-transplant-recipients
#2
Kirsten Walker, Kerry Gardner, Angela Law, Nicole Hawkins, Peter Hull
BACKGROUND: Organ transplant recipients (OTRs) are at an increased risk of developing a de novo malignant neoplasm compared to the general population. The primary contributor to skin cancer in all patients is sun exposure. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aim to ascertain both OTR skin cancer awareness and photoprotection practices. METHODS: A questionnaire-based study of Saskatchewan transplant recipients. RESULTS: Nearly all respondents were aware that sun exposure is the best-known cause of skin cancer and that as an OTR, they are at increased risk of skin cancer (99...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290299/in-vitro-digestibility-protein-composition-and-techno-functional-properties-of-saskatchewan-grown-yellow-field-peas-pisum-sativum-l-as-affected-by-processing
#3
Zhen Ma, Joyce I Boye, Xinzhong Hu
Saskatchewan grown yellow field pea was subjected to different processing conditions including dehulling, micronization, roasting, conventional/microwave cooking, germination, and combined germination and conventional cooking/roasting. Their nutritional and antinutritional compositions, functional properties, microstructure, thermal properties, in vitro protein and starch digestibility, and protein composition were studied. Processed field peas including conventional cooked yellow peas (CCYP), microwave cooked yellow peas (MCYP), germinated-conventional cooked yellow peas (GCCYP), and germinated-roasted yellow peas (GRYP) exhibited the significantly higher in vitro protein digestibility (IVPD), which was in accordance with their significantly lower trypsin inhibitor activity and tannin content...
February 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260865/the-healthy-weights-initiative-the-first-1-000-participants
#4
Mark Lemstra, Jeff Fox, Randy Klassen, Dean Dodge
BACKGROUND: According to Statistics Canada, the number of adults who are overweight or obese rises every year in Canada. As such, it is obvious that various public policies are not working. After extensive community consultation, the Healthy Weights Initiative (HWI) started in Moose Jaw and expanded to Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine adherence, factors affecting adherence and their impact on various health outcomes. METHODS: From January 2014 to March 2015, 229 participants started the comprehensive 6-month HWI program...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224097/understanding-academic-clinicians-intent-to-treat-pediatric-obesity
#5
Claudia Frankfurter, Charles Cunningham, Katherine M Morrison, Heather Rimas, Karen Bailey
AIM: To examine the extent to which the theory of planned behavior (TPB) predicts academic clinicians' intent to treat pediatric obesity. METHODS: A multi-disciplinary panel iteratively devised a Likert scale survey based on the constructs of the TPB applied to a set of pediatric obesity themes. A cross-sectional electronic survey was then administered to academic clinicians at tertiary care centers across Canada from January to April 2012. Descriptive statistics were used to summarize demographic and item agreement data...
February 8, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218983/single-radial-haemolysis-compared-to-hemagglutinin-inhibition-and-microneutralization-as-a-correlate-of-protection-against-influenza-a-h3n2-in-children-and-adolescents
#6
Biao Wang, Margaret L Russell, Angela Brewer, Jennifer Newton, Pardeep Singh, Brian J Ward, Mark Loeb
BACKGROUND: Serum antibodies are often used as correlates of protection for influenza. Three commonly used serological assays for detecting influenza-specific serum antibodies are single radial haemolysis (SRH), hemagglutinin inhibition (HAI), and microneutralization (MN). However, here are limited data on SRH as well as HAI and MN as correlates of protection against influenza in children and adolescents. There are also limited data that compare SRH to HAI and MN. OBJECTIVES: We sought primarily to understand how SRH titres correlate to protection against influenza infection in children and adolescents...
February 20, 2017: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216689/prevalence-of-maedi-visna-in-saskatchewan-sheep
#7
Rhonda Heinrichs, Wendy Wilkins, Gordon Schroeder, John Campbell
A study was conducted to estimate flock and individual seroprevalence of Maedi-visna in Saskatchewan and evaluate risk factors for seropositive flocks. Thirty-five percent (24/68) of flocks and 4.6% (93/2010) of individual samples were positive. Within-flock prevalence ranged from 3.3% to 96.7%. Significant flock-level predictors of flock prevalence included large flock size, purchasing > 50 sheep and respiratory problems in the previous 5 years.
February 2017: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216279/outcomes-and-drug-costs-of-sunitinib-regimens-for-metastatic-renal-cell-carcinoma-a-provincial-population-based-study
#8
Aleksi Suo, Urooj Iqbal, June Lim, Chel Lee, Kathy Gesy, Nayyer Iqbal, Tahir Abbas
BACKGROUND: Conventional sunitinib dosing in metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) administers 50 mg daily on a 4 weeks on/2 weeks off (4/2) schedule. Not all patients tolerate this regimen and many undergo modifications to schedule, dose, or both. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All patients with mRCC treated with sunitinib by the Saskatchewan Cancer Agency between January 1, 2006, and January 1, 2013, were included. Regimens were categorized as standard intermittent dosing (SID), modified intermittent schedule (MIS), modified intermittent dosing (MID), combination of modified schedule and dosing (MSD), or continuous dosing (CD)...
February 1, 2017: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194190/prevalence-of-allergen-sensitization-in-1000-adults-in-saskatchewan
#9
Stacey D Lok, Beth E Davis, Donald W Cockcroft
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of sensitization varies geographically based on multiple environmental factors including humidity. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of atopy in symptomatic adults. More importantly we aimed to obtain a regional statistic of sensitization to common allergens given Saskatchewan's dry climate. METHODS: One thousand consecutive symptomatic adults were screened for atopy via skin prick test over 10 years (2006-2016) in the Division of Respirology...
2017: Allergy, Asthma, and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187075/investigating-the-association-between-lower-extremity-and-low-back-symptoms-among-saskatchewan-farmers-using-the-standardized-nordic-questionnaire
#10
Samuel Kwaku Essien, Catherine Trask, James Dosman, Brenna Bath
STUDY DESIGN: Cross sectional survey OBJECTIVE.: To investigated the association between self-reported low back symptoms and symptoms in the hip, knee, and ankle in a high-risk occupational group SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA.: Low back pain, with or without lower extremity referral, poses a major challenge to occupational productivity, especially in farming. Although low back symptoms can occur independent of lower extremity symptoms, anatomical positioning of nerves supplying the lower limbs means structural and physiological changes in the spine can lead to referred pain in the lower limbs, but the magnitude of the association between low back and lower extremity symptoms is unclear...
February 9, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186046/building-research-capacity-results-of-a-feasibility-study-using-a-novel-mhealth-epidemiological-data-collection-system-within-a-gestational-diabetes-population
#11
Allen McLean, Nathaniel Osgood, Jill Newstead-Angel, Kevin Stanley, Dylan Knowles, William van der Kamp, Weicheng Qian, Roland Dyck
Public health researchers have traditionally relied on individual self-reporting when collecting much epidemiological surveillance data. Data acquisition can be costly, difficult to acquire, and the data often notoriously unreliable. An interesting option for the collection of individual health (or indicators of individual health) data is the personal smartphone. Smartphones are ubiquitous, and the required infrastructure is well-developed across Canada, including many remote areas. Researchers and health professionals are asking themselves how they might exploit increasing smartphone uptake for the purposes of data collection, hopefully leading to improved individual and public health...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154440/case-report-using-a-remote-presence-robot-to-improve-access-to-physical-therapy-for-people-with-chronic-back-disorders-in-an-underserved-community
#12
Stacey Lovo Grona, Brenna Bath, Luis Bustamante, Ivar Mendez
Purpose: The purpose of this case study was to evaluate the delivery of an inter-professional (IP) spinal triage management approach to chronic back disorders using remote presence robotic technology as an innovative form of telerehabilitation in a northern Saskatchewan community. Methods: The IP team, consisting of a local nurse practitioner (NP) and a physical therapist in an urban centre, completed a comprehensive neuromusculoskeletal assessment of, and one follow-up visit with, a post-surgical spinal patient...
2017: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152858/prostate-cancer-care-in-canada-informed-decision-making-patterns-of-care-and-treatment-trends
#13
Rami Rahal, Carolyn Sandoval, Geoff Porter, Sharon Fung, Cheryl Louzado, Julie Xu, Heather E Bryant
289 Background: Because treatment options for localized prostate cancer (PCa) have similar survival outcomes but varying side effects, it is important that patients are meaningfully involved in the decision-making process to ensure the chosen treatment aligns with their needs, wants and preferences. Here, we describe PCa patients' experience with informed decision-making as well as treatment patterns and trends over time. METHODS: Focus groups were conducted with 47 men treated for PCa across Canada to understand their cancer journey experience...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151082/book-reviewwhen-the-ice-goes-out-on-dor%C3%A3-lake-three-summers-among-cormorants-and-pelicans-in-saskatchewan-s-boreal-forest-by-thijs-kuiken-nature-saskatchewan-special-publication-35-regina-canada-2016-192-pp-isbn-978-0-921104-31-5-cdn-19-95-paperback-directly
#14
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109723/octogenarian-parkinsonism-clinicopathological-observations
#15
Ali H Rajput, Emma F Rajput
BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease is the second most common neurodegenerative disorder for which old age is the best known risk. The proportion of elderly in the world is increasing, resulting in larger pool of people at risk for Parkinson's disease. Several other neurodegenerative disorders also produce Parkinson syndrome. Distinguishing between those variants is only possible with pathological examination of brain. No autopsy confirmed study of 80 years and older onset in parkinsonism cases has been reported...
January 12, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103861/the-saskatchewan-new-brunswick-healthy-start-d%C3%A3-part-sant%C3%A3-intervention-implementation-cost-estimates-of-a-physical-activity-and-healthy-eating-intervention-in-early-learning-centers
#16
Nazmi Sari, Nazeem Muhajarine, Amanda Froehlich Chow
BACKGROUND: Participation in daily physical activity and consuming a balanced diet high in fruits and vegetables and low in processed foods are behaviours associated with positive health outcomes during all stages of life. Previous literature suggests that the earlier these behaviours are established the greater the health benefits. As such, early learning settings have been shown to provide an effective avenue for exploring and influencing the physical activity and healthy eating behaviours of children before school entry...
January 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087381/prevalence-risk-factors-and-clinical-outcomes-of-atopic-and-nonatopic-asthma-among-rural-children
#17
Joshua A Lawson, Luan M Chu, Donna C Rennie, Louise Hagel, Chandima P Karunanayake, Punam Pahwa, James A Dosman
BACKGROUND: Because of time and cost constraints, objective classification of atopic and nonatopic asthma has been limited in large epidemiologic studies. However, as we try to better understand exposure-outcome associations and ensure appropriate treatment of asthma, it is important to focus on phenotype-defined asthma classification. OBJECTIVE: To compare atopic and nonatopic asthma in rural children with regard to risk factors and clinical outcomes. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study in rural Saskatchewan, Canada, in 2011...
March 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056923/childhood-asthma-asthma-severity-indicators-and-related-conditions-along-an-urban-rural-gradient-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Joshua A Lawson, Donna C Rennie, Don W Cockcroft, Roland Dyck, Anna Afanasieva, Oluwafemi Oluwole, Jinnat Afsana
BACKGROUND: Asthma prevalence is generally lower in rural locations with some indication of an urban-rural gradient. However, among children with asthma, certain rural exposures thought to protect against the development of asthma could aggravate the condition. We examined childhood asthma prevalence and related conditions along an urban-rural gradient and also examined the characteristics of those with asthma along the urban-rural gradient. METHODS: In 2013 we completed a cross-sectional survey of 3509 children aged 5-14 years living in various population densities of Saskatchewan, Canada...
January 5, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050139/report-from-the-17th-annual-western-canadian-gastrointestinal-cancer-consensus-conference-edmonton-alberta-11-12-september-2015
#19
K E Mulder, S Ahmed, J D Davies, C M Doll, S Dowden, S Gill, V Gordon, P Hebbard, H Lim, A McFadden, J P McGhie, J Park, R Wong
The 17th annual Western Canadian Gastrointestinal Cancer Consensus Conference (wcgccc) was held in Edmonton, Alberta, 11-12 September 2015. The wcgccc is an interactive multidisciplinary conference attended by health care professionals from across Western Canada (British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba) who are involved in the care of patients with gastrointestinal cancer. Surgical, medical, and radiation oncologists; pathologists; radiologists; and allied health care professionals participated in presentation and discussion sessions for the purposes of developing the recommendations presented here...
December 2016: Current Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031474/field-evaluation-of-insecticides-for-control-of-cabbage-maggot-diptera-anthomyiidae-in-rutabaga-in-canada
#20
W G van Herk, R S Vernon, D R Waterer, J H Tolman, P J Lafontaine, R P Prasad
At the time of this research, there were only two insecticides registered for control of cabbage maggot, Delia radicum L., in rutabaga in Canada, one of which (diazinon) will be deregistered by 2017, and resistance having been reported in some areas for the other (chlorpyrifos). To screen for chemistries to replace these organophosphates, and obtain efficacy data comparable between key vegetable brassica production areas in Canada, four small plot field studies were conducted concurrently in British Columbia, Saskatchewan, Ontario, and Quebec in 2009...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Economic Entomology
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