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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332007/impacts-of-canada-s-minimum-age-for-tobacco-sales-mats-laws-on-youth-smoking-behaviour-2000-2014
#1
Russell Clarence Callaghan, Marcos Sanches, Jodi Gatley, James K Cunningham, Michael Oliver Chaiton, Robert Schwartz, Susan Bondy, Claire Benny
BACKGROUND: Recently, the US Institute of Medicine has proposed that raising the minimum age for tobacco purchasing/sales to 21 years would likely lead to reductions in smoking behavior among young people. Surprisingly few studies, however, have assessed the potential impacts of minimum-age tobacco restrictions on youth smoking. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the impacts of Canadian minimum age for tobacco sales (MATS) laws on youth smoking behaviour. DESIGN: A regression-discontinuity design, using seven merged cycles of the Canadian Community Health Survey, 2000-2014...
January 13, 2018: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331820/using-vibrational-molecular-spectroscopy-to-reveal-association-of-steam-flaking-induced-carbohydrates-molecular-structural-changes-with-grain-fractionation-biodigestion-and-biodegradation
#2
Ningning Xu, Jianxin Liu, Peiqiang Yu
Advanced vibrational molecular spectroscopy has been developed as a rapid and non-destructive tool to reveal intrinsic molecular structure conformation of biological tissues. However, this technique has not been used to systematically study flaking induced structure changes at a molecular level. The objective of this study was to use vibrational molecular spectroscopy to reveal association between steam flaking induced CHO molecular structural changes in relation to grain CHO fractionation, predicted CHO biodegradation and biodigestion in ruminant system...
January 5, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326211/draft-whole-genome-sequence-of-deinococcus-sp-ur1-a-putative-novel-species-isolated-from-an-external-stainless-steel-surface-in-the-canadian-prairies
#3
Danae M Suchan, Joel J Steve, Alexa J Pierce, Stephen C Olshefsky, Morgan W B Kirzinger, Benjamin J Perry, Andrew D S Cameron, Christopher K Yost
Deinococcus sp. strain UR1, a resilient bacterium isolated from the surface of a stainless steel sign located on the University of Regina campus in Saskatchewan, Canada, was sequenced to 56-fold coverage to produce 73 contigs with a consensus length of 4,472,838 bp and a G+C content of 69.37%.
January 11, 2018: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323865/building-capacity-through-urban-agriculture-report-on-the-ask%C3%A3-y-project
#4
Wanda Martin, Lindsey Vold
INTRODUCTION: Many North American cities have a built environment that provides access to energy-dense food and little opportunity for active living. Urban agriculture contributes to a positive environment involving food plant cultivation that includes processing, storing, distributing and composting. It is a means to increase local food production and thereby improve community health. The purpose of this study was to understand how participating in urban agriculture can help to empower young adults and build capacity for growing food in the city...
January 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317933/uptake-of-the-medication-assessment-program-in-saskatchewan-tracking-claims-during-the-first-year
#5
Lynette Kosar, Nianping Hu, Lisa M Lix, Yvonne Shevchuk, Gary F Teare, Anne Champagne, David F Blackburn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Canadian Pharmacists Journal: CPJ, Revue des Pharmaciens du Canada: RPC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310076/epilepsy-in-an-elderly-population-classification-etiology-and-drug-resistance
#6
Lizbeth Hernández-Ronquillo, Scott Adams, Stephanie Ballendine, Jose F Téllez-Zenteno
PURPOSE: To characterize epilepsy in an elderly population and describe the prevalence of drug resistant epilepsy (DRE) using recently validated International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) criteria. METHODS: Using a case-control design, 72 patients aged 60 years and older (cases) and 223 patients under age 60 (controls) were identified from the Saskatchewan Epilepsy Program database. Patients' charts were retrospectively reviewed. Bivariate and multiple logistic regression analyses were performed to identify variables that were associated with epilepsy in elderly patients...
January 3, 2018: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294694/examining-the-relationship-between-intimate-partner-violence-and-concern-for-animal-care-and-safekeeping
#7
Melissa A Wuerch, Crystal J Giesbrecht, Jill A B Price, Tracy Knutson, Frances Wach
The current study examined the knowledge and experience of animal welfare and human service providers in urban and rural communities of Saskatchewan, Canada. Nine exploratory qualitative interviews were conducted to gather a more in-depth understanding of whether the concern for animal care and safekeeping impacts the decision to leave situations of intimate partner violence. The interviews were semistructured and guided by four questions, which were designed, reviewed, and revised based on feedback from a community-based research team...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291483/worldwide-prevalence-of-familial-multiple-sclerosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Mohammad Hossein Harirchian, Farzad Fatehi, Payam Sarraf, Niyaz Mohammadzadeh Honarvar, Sama Bitarafan
BACKGROUND: Several studies have suggested that the existence of a history of multiple sclerosis (MS) in family, is one of the predisposing factors for MS. Based on our knowledge, the review and estimation of the prevalence of familial multiple sclerosis (FMS) in the world has not been reported up to now. This study is a systematic review and a meta-analysis of FMS prevalence in the world. METHODS: Two researchers searched "epidemiology" or "prevalence" or "incidence" and "familial multiple sclerosis" as relevant keywords in international databases such as PubMed, web of science and Scopus up to 2016...
December 24, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283698/transitions-to-home-mechanical-ventilation-the-experiences-of-canadian-ventilator-assisted-adults-and-their-family-caregivers
#9
Craig M Dale, Judy King, Mika Nonoyama, Sarah Carbone, Douglas McKim, Jeremy Road, Louise Rose
RATIONALE: Several studies have explored the experience of ventilator-assisted individual (VAIs) living at home with family caregivers. However, few explore the experiences of these individuals as they transition from a hospital setting to living at home with a view to identifying modifiable processes that could optimize transition. OBJECTIVE: This descriptive, qualitative study sought to elucidate barriers to, and facilitators of, transition to home mechanical ventilation (HMV) from the perspective of Canadian VAIs and their family caregivers...
December 28, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279776/adolescent-trajectories-of-aerobic-fitness-and-adiposity-as-markers-of-cardiometabolic-risk-in-adulthood
#10
S A Jackowski, J C Eisenmann, L B Sherar, D A Bailey, A D G Baxter-Jones
Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate whether adolescent growth trajectories of aerobic fitness and adiposity were associated with mid-adulthood cardiometabolic risk (CMR). Methods: Participants were drawn from the Saskatchewan Growth and Development Study (1963-1973). Adolescent growth trajectories for maximal aerobic capacity (absolute VO2 (AbsVO2)), skinfolds (SF), representing total body (Sum6SF) and central adiposity (TrunkSF), and body mass index (BMI) were determined from 7 to 17 years of age...
2017: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241349/distribution-and-clustering-of-cutaneous-t-cell-lymphoma-ctcl-cases-in-canada-during-1992-to-2010
#11
Feras M Ghazawi, Elena Netchiporouk, Elham Rahme, Matthew Tsang, Linda Moreau, Steven Glassman, Nathalie Provost, Martin Gilbert, Sara-Elizabeth Jean, Osama Roshdy, Kevin Pehr, Denis Sasseville, Ivan V Litvinov
BACKGROUND: Clustering of patients with cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) was reported in several jurisdictions around the world. This rare cancer is known to affect spouses and in some cases multiple members of the same family. These combined results suggest the existence of external disease triggers/promoters. We recently conducted the first comprehensive analysis of CTCL incidence and mortality in Canada, which revealed case clustering in several regions. OBJECTIVES: To extend our previous analysis on CTCL incidence across Canada and to provide all the collected data on CTCL patient incidence in Canada during the period of 1992 to 2010...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237647/family-physician-perceptions-of-a-medication-assessment-clinic-located-within-a-pharmacy-school
#12
Derek J Jorgenson, Eric J L Landry, Katherine J Lysak
OBJECTIVE: To determine if the clinical services provided at a patient care clinic run by pharmacy faculty and students are valuable to family physicians. DESIGN: Paper-based postal survey. SETTING: The Medication Assessment Centre located within the College of Pharmacy and Nutrition at the University of Saskatchewan in Saskatoon. PARTICIPANTS: Family physicians who had more than 1 patient who underwent a complete assessment at the Medication Assessment Centre between April 1 and October 26, 2015, were included in the study...
December 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233159/determinants-of-excessive-daytime-sleepiness-in-two-first-nation-communities
#13
Ina van der Spuy, Chandima P Karunanayake, James A Dosman, Kathleen McMullin, Gaungming Zhao, Sylvia Abonyi, Donna C Rennie, Joshua Lawson, Shelley Kirychuk, Judith MacDonald, Laurie Jimmy, Niels Koehncke, Vivian R Ramsden, Mark Fenton, Gregory P Marchildon, Malcolm King, Punam Pahwa
BACKGROUND: Excessive daytime sleepiness may be determined by a number of factors including personal characteristics, co-morbidities and socio-economic conditions. In this study we identified factors associated with excessive daytime sleepiness in 2 First Nation communities in rural Saskatchewan. METHODS: Data for this study were from a 2012-13 baseline assessment of the First Nations Lung Health Project, in collaboration between two Cree First Nation reserve communities in Saskatchewan and researchers at the University of Saskatchewan...
December 12, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228973/cohort-profile-the-saskatchewan-rural-health-study-adult-component
#14
Punam Pahwa, Masud Rana, William Pickett, Chandima P Karunanayake, Khalid Amin, Donna Rennie, Josh Lawson, Shelley Kirychuk, Bonnie Janzen, Niels Koehncke, James Dosman
OBJECTIVES: Less is known about the respiratory health of general farming and non-framing populations. A longitudinal Saskatchewan Rural Health Study (SRHS) was conducted to explore the association between individual and contextual factors with respiratory health outcomes in these populations. Hence, the objectives are to: (i) describe the updated methodology of longitudinal SRHS-an extension of baseline survey methodology published earlier; (ii) compare baseline characteristics and the prevalences of respiratory health outcomes between drops-outs and completers; and (iii) summarize key findings based on baseline survey data...
December 11, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216910/perceived-causes-of-stress-among-a-group-of-western-canadian-dental-students
#15
Alyssa Hayes, Jay N Hoover, Chandima P Karunanayake, Gerald S Uswak
OBJECTIVE: The demanding nature of dental education, both academically and clinically, results in higher levels of perceived stress among its students. The aim of this study was to determine how dental students at the College of Dentistry, University of Saskatchewan perceived stress. During the 2013-2014 academic year, all students were asked to complete a modified dental environmental survey (DES). RESULTS: Of the 111 students enrolled at the College that year 92 completed the survey (response rate = 83%)...
December 8, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214329/time-to-surgery-after-hip-fracture-across-canada-by-timing-of-admission
#16
K J Sheehan, C Filliter, B Sobolev, A R Levy, P Guy, L Kuramoto, J D Kim, M Dunbar, S N Morin, J M Sutherland, S Jaglal, E Harvey, L Beaupre, A Chudyk
The extent of Canadian provincial variation in hip fracture surgical timing is unclear. Provinces performed a similar proportion of surgeries within three inpatient days after adjustment. Time to surgery varied by timing of admission across provinces. This may reflect different approaches to providing access to hip fracture surgery. INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to compare whether time to surgery after hip fracture varies across Canadian provinces for surgically fit patients and their subgroups defined by timing of admission...
December 6, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198819/a-day-in-the-life-of-mri-the-variety-and-appropriateness-of-exams-being-performed-in-canada
#17
Sonia Vanderby, Andreea Badea, Juan Nicolás Peña Sánchez, Neil Kalra, Paul Babyn
PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the volumes and types of magnetic resonance imaging exams being performed across Canada, common indications for the exams, and exam appropriateness using multiple evaluation tools. METHODS: Thirteen academic medical institutions across Canada participated. Data were obtained relating to a single common day, October 1, 2014. Patient demographics, type by anatomic region and indication for imaging were analysed. Each exam was assessed for appropriateness via the Canadian Association of Radiologists Referral Guidelines and the American College of Radiology Appropriateness Criteria...
November 30, 2017: Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal, Journal L'Association Canadienne des Radiologistes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183318/the-development-implementation-and-evaluation-of-clinical-pathways-for-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-copd-in-saskatchewan-protocol-for-an-interrupted-times-series-evaluation
#18
Thomas Rotter, Christopher Plishka, Mohammed Rashaad Hansia, Donna Goodridge, Erika Penz, Leigh Kinsman, Adegboyega Lawal, Sheryl O'Quinn, Nancy Buchan, Patricia Comfort, Prakesh Patel, Sheila Anderson, Tanya Winkel, Rae Lynn Lang, Darcy D Marciniuk
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has substantial economic and human costs; it is expected to be the third leading cause of death worldwide by 2030. To minimize these costs high quality guidelines have been developed. However, guidelines alone rarely result in meaningful change. One method of integrating guidelines into practice is the use of clinical pathways (CPWs). CPWs bring available evidence to a range of healthcare professionals by detailing the essential steps in care and adapting guidelines to the local context...
November 28, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182779/phosphine-resistance-in-north-american-field-populations-of-the-lesser-grain-borer-rhyzopertha-dominica-coleoptera-bostrichidae
#19
E Afful, Brent Elliott, Manoj K Nayak, Thomas W Phillips
Phosphine is the most widely used fumigant for stored grain insect pests, and resistance to phosphine has evolved in several species worldwide. This study was designed to determine the presence of phosphine resistance in 34 populations of Rhyzopertha dominica (F.) collected from the United States and Canada. Adult R. dominica were sampled and subjected to a discriminatory dose toxicity assay of exposure to 20 ppm of phosphine for 20 h of exposure to distinguish a susceptible R. dominica adult by death from a resistant beetle that survives the treatment...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149953/myocardial-perfusion-scans-and-mortality-in-asymptomatic-patients-awaiting-renal-transplantation
#20
A Jauhal, S Harenberg, J J Crawford, I Bare, B Prasad, L Zahorski, G Ollenberger, V Trivedi, V Chopra, A Shoker, A Lavoie, P Dehghani
Cardiac risk assessment for asymptomatic patients awaiting renal transplantation is controversial. Patients awaiting renal transplantation in Southern Saskatchewan from 2005 to 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Patients underwent cardiac risk stratification with stress myocardial perfusion scan. Baseline clinical characteristics, nuclear scan results, all-cause mortality, and cardiovascular events were analyzed. Abnormal scans were defined as studies with reversible defects, wall motion abnormalities, lung uptake, or transient ischemic dilation...
November 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
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