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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774301/an-economic-analysis-of-a-system-wide-lean-approach-cost-estimations-for-the-implementation-of-lean-in-the-saskatchewan-healthcare-system-for-2012-2014
#1
Nazmi Sari, Thomas Rotter, Donna Goodridge, Liz Harrison, Leigh Kinsman
BACKGROUND: The costs of investing in health care reform initiatives to improve quality and safety have been underreported and are often underestimated. This paper reports direct and indirect cost estimates for the initial phase of the province-wide implementation of Lean activities in Saskatchewan, Canada. METHODS: In order to obtain detailed information about each type of Lean event, as well as the total number of corresponding Lean events, we used the Provincial Kaizen Promotion Office (PKPO) Kaizen database...
August 3, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767540/interprofessional-competency-toolkit-for-internationally-educated-health-professionals-evaluation-and-pilot-testing
#2
Mubashir Arain, Esther Suter, Shelanne Hepp, Shyama Nanayakkara, Elizabeth L Harrison, Grace Mickelson, Lesley Bainbridge, Ruby E Grymonpre
INTRODUCTION: Internationally Educated Health Professionals (IEHPs) constitute a major health care workforce in Canada. Interprofessional education is particularly important for IEHPs to integrate into the Canadian health care system. We designed an online interprofessional education curriculum for IEHPs. The curriculum is designed to cover the six interprofessional competency domains defined in the Canadian Interprofessional Health Collaborative National Interprofessional Competency Framework...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764120/modelling-carbon-dioxide-emissions-from-agricultural-soils-in-canada
#3
Dhananjay Yadav, Junye Wang
Agricultural soils are a leading source of atmospheric greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and are major contributors to global climate change. Carbon dioxide (CO2) makes up 20% of the total GHG emitted from agricultural soil. Therefore, an evaluation of CO2 emissions from agricultural soil is necessary in order to make mitigation strategies for environmental efficiency and economic planning possible. However, quantification of CO2 emissions through experimental methods is constrained due to the large time and labour requirements for analysis...
July 27, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724070/marker-trait-association-analysis-of-iron-and-zinc-concentration-in-lentil-lens-culinaris-medik-seeds
#4
Hamid Khazaei, Rajib Podder, Carolyn T Caron, Shudhangshu S Kundu, Marwan Diapari, Albert Vandenberg, Kirstin E Bett
Lentil ( Medik.) seeds are relatively rich in iron (Fe) and zinc (Zn), making lentil a potential crop to aid in the global battle against human micronutrient deficiency. Understanding the genetic basis for uptake of seed Fe and Zn is required to increase sustainable concentrations of these minerals in seeds. The objectives of this study were to characterize genetic variation in seed Fe and Zn concentration and to identify molecular markers associated with these traits across diverse lentil accessions. A set of 138 cultivated lentil accessions from 34 countries were evaluated in four environments (2 sites × 2 yr) in Saskatchewan, Canada...
July 2017: Plant Genome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716120/advancing-team-based-primary-health-care-a-comparative-analysis-of-policies-in-western-canada
#5
Esther Suter, Sara Mallinson, Renee Misfeldt, Omenaa Boakye, Louise Nasmith, Sabrina T Wong
BACKGROUND: We analyzed and compared primary health care (PHC) policies in British Columbia, Alberta and Saskatchewan to understand how they inform the design and implementation of team-based primary health care service delivery. The goal was to develop policy imperatives that can advance team-based PHC in Canada. METHODS: We conducted comparative case studies (n = 3). The policy analysis included: Context review: We reviewed relevant information (2007 to 2014) from databases and websites...
July 17, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681297/sediment-plume-model-a-comparison-between-use-of-measured-turbidity-data-and-satellite-images-for-model-calibration
#6
Amir Sadeghian, Jeff Hudson, Howard Wheater, Karl-Erich Lindenschmidt
In this study, we built a two-dimensional sediment transport model of Lake Diefenbaker, Saskatchewan, Canada. It was calibrated by using measured turbidity data from stations along the reservoir and satellite images based on a flood event in 2013. In June 2013, there was heavy rainfall for two consecutive days on the frozen and snow-covered ground in the higher elevations of western Alberta, Canada. The runoff from the rainfall and the melted snow caused one of the largest recorded inflows to the headwaters of the South Saskatchewan River and Lake Diefenbaker downstream...
July 5, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680423/control-of-sulfide-production-in-high-salinity-bakken-shale-oil-reservoirs-by-halophilic-bacteria-reducing-nitrate-to-nitrite
#7
Biwen A An, Yin Shen, Gerrit Voordouw
Microbial communities in shale oil fields are still poorly known. We obtained samples of injection, produced and facility waters from a Bakken shale oil field in Saskatchewan, Canada with a resident temperature of 60°C. The injection water had a lower salinity (0.7 Meq of NaCl) than produced or facility waters (0.6-3.6 Meq of NaCl). Salinities of the latter decreased with time, likely due to injection of low salinity water, which had 15-30 mM sulfate. Batch cultures of field samples showed sulfate-reducing and nitrate-reducing bacteria activities at different salinities (0, 0...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679170/evidence-for-substrate-influence-on-artificial-substrate-invertebrate-communities
#8
Iain D Phillips, Kate S Prestie
Cobble baskets are frequently used as a tool to measure differences in benthic macroinvertebrate communities between waterbodies; however, underlying differences in substrate type may influence the resultant colonization of baskets, misrepresenting communities. This study tests the hypothesis that cobble basket placement influences the resulting benthic macroinvertebrate community. Cobble basket arrays (n = 4) were deployed in Dog Lake, Saskatchewan, in 2011 (97 d) and 2012 (95 d) on cobble habitats and soft or sandy substrates ∼100 m apart...
June 29, 2017: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677345/assessing-the-impacts-of-saskatchewan-s-minimum-alcohol-pricing-regulations-on-alcohol-related-crime
#9
Tim Stockwell, Jinhui Zhao, Adam Sherk, Russell C Callaghan, Scott Macdonald, Jodi Gatley
INTRODUCTION: Saskatchewan's introduction in April 2010 of minimum prices graded by alcohol strength led to an average minimum price increase of 9.1% per Canadian standard drink (=13.45 g ethanol). This increase was shown to be associated with reduced consumption and switching to lower alcohol content beverages. Police also informally reported marked reductions in night-time alcohol-related crime. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to assess the impacts of changes to Saskatchewan's minimum alcohol-pricing regulations between 2008 and 2012 on selected crime events often related to alcohol use...
July 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662706/prevalence-and-associated-risk-factors-of-chronic-bronchitis-in-first-nations-people
#10
Punam Pahwa, Chandima P Karunanayake, Donna C Rennie, Joshua A Lawson, Vivian R Ramsden, Kathleen McMullin, P Jenny Gardipy, Judy MacDonald, Sylvia Abonyi, Jo-Ann Episkenew, James A Dosman
BACKGROUND: Inadequate housing, low family income, household smoking, personal smoking status, and poor schooling are some of the conditions that have been significantly associated with the prevalence and incidence of chronic bronchitis. The aim of the current study was to determine the prevalence of chronic bronchitis (CB) and associated risk factors among First Nations people. METHODS: An interviewer-administered survey was conducted as part of the First Nations Lung Health Project in 2012 and 2013 with 874 individuals from 406 households in two First Nations communities located in the province of Saskatchewan, Canada...
June 29, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653785/lung-function-in-relation-to-farm-dwelling-and-farming-activities-in-rural-dwelling-children
#11
Lakshmi Balakrishnan, Donna Rennie, James Dosman, Punam Pahwa, Chandima Karunanayake, Louise Hagel, Joshua Lawson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The relationship between farming exposures and pulmonary function in a rural paediatric population was evaluated. METHODS: Baseline data collection records of the Saskatchewan Rural Health Study (SRHS), a population-based study, were used. A subset of children (6-14 years old) participated in clinical testing, including anthropometric measures and pulmonary function testing (PFT), using spirometry (n = 584). PFTs followed ATS criteria and all statistical analyses were controlled for age, sex and height...
June 27, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644733/trends-of-atv-use-and-associated-injury-on-saskatchewan-farms
#12
Lynne Clay, Stephan Milosavljevic, Niels Koehncke, James Dosman, Catherine Trask
PURPOSE: All-terrain vehicles (ATV's) are a hazardous source of injury in many contexts and geographical regions, but to date have not been investigated in Saskatchewan. METHODS: Baseline surveys from the Saskatchewan Farm Injury Project were examined at two time points in terms of: 1) rates and correlated characteristics of reported ATV use; and 2) qualitative content analysis of injury events involving ATVs. The sample of eligible farmers was 2972 in 2007 and 1702 in 2013...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638811/cost-effectiveness-of-eplerenone-in-treatment-of-cardiovascular-diseases-a-systematic-review
#13
Hossein Mobaraki, Saber Azami-Aghdash, Ali Sarabi Asiabar, Aziz Rezapour, Mohammad Hossein Kafaei Mehr, Saeed Emamgolizadeh
Background: No clear evidence is available on the cost-effectiveness of eplerenone in treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Thus, the present study aimed at systematically reviewing studies that have investigated this issue. Methods: This systematic review study was conducted in 2016. The required information were collected using key Mesh words from the following databases: Google scholar, PubMed, Science Direct, MagIran, SID, Scopus, and handsearching journals and the references of the selected articles. The quality of the selected articles was assessed by the Drummond's checklist...
2017: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636751/using-experimentation-to-understand-the-10-year-snowshoe-hare-cycle-in-the-boreal-forest-of-north-america
#14
C J Krebs, R Boonstra, S Boutin
Population cycles have long fascinated ecologists from the time of Charles Elton in the 1920s. The discovery of large population fluctuations in undisturbed ecosystems challenged the idea that pristine nature was in a state of balance. The 10-year cycle of snowshoe hares (Lepus americanus Erxleben) across the boreal forests of Canada and Alaska is a classic cycle, recognized by fur traders for more than 300 years. Since the 1930s ecologists have investigated the mechanisms that might cause these cycles. Proposed causal mechanisms have varied from sunspots to food supplies, parasites, diseases, predation, and social behaviour...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Animal Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636146/recent-climatic-drying-leads-to-age-independent-growth-reductions-of-white-spruce-stands-in-western-canada
#15
Edward H Hogg, Michael Michaelian, Trisha I Hook, Michael E Undershultz
Since 2001, climatic conditions have been notably drier than normal across large areas of the western Canadian interior, leading to widespread impacts on the forests of this region. This poses a major concern for the future, given climate change projections for continued warming and drying. We conducted tree-ring analysis in 75 pure stands of white spruce (Picea glauca) across Alberta and west-central Saskatchewan to examine the effects of recent climatic drying on the growth of this important boreal tree species...
June 21, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620186/phenotypic-genotypic-and-antigenic-characterization-of-emerging-avian-reoviruses-isolated-from-clinical-cases-of-arthritis-in-broilers-in-saskatchewan-canada
#16
Lisanework E Ayalew, Ashish Gupta, Jenny Fricke, Khawaja Ashfaque Ahmed, Shelly Popowich, Betty Lockerbie, Suresh K Tikoo, Davor Ojkic, Susantha Gomis
In recent years, emerging strains of pathogenic arthrogenic avian reovirus (ARV) have become a challenge to the chicken industry across USA and Canada causing significant economic impact. In this study, we characterized emerging variant ARV strains and examined their genetic and antigenic relationship with reference strains. We isolated 37 emerging variant ARV strains from tendons of broiler chickens with clinical cases of arthritis/tenosynovitis at commercial farms in Saskatchewan, Canada. Viral characterization using immunocytochemistry, gold-immunolabeling and electron microscopy revealed distinct features characteristic of ARV...
June 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617239/bifurcation-of-health-policy-regimes-a-study-of-sleep-apnea-care-and-benefits-coverage-in-saskatchewan
#17
Gregory P Marchildon, Caroline A Beck, Tarun R Katapally, Sylvia Abonyi, James A Dosman, Jo-Ann Episkenew
BACKGROUND: A complex, poorly understood bifurcated health policy regime exists for Canada's First Nations people for extended health benefits coverage. This research adds to a small body of literature on the regime's impact on access and quality of care and its role in perpetuating health inequities in First Nations populations. METHODS: Using a case study of sleep apnea care in Saskatchewan, we identified issues of health service access and coverage through a literature review of extended benefits programs, legislation and policies and through 10 key informant interviews with federal and provincial extended benefit program administrators and sleep medicine physicians...
May 2017: Healthcare Policy, Politiques de Santé
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610279/redescription-of-i-cletocamptus-i-albuquerquensis-and-i-c-dominicanus-i-harpacticoida-canthocamptidae-i-incertae-i-i-sedis-i-and-description-of-two-new-species-from-the-us-virgin-islands-and-bonaire
#18
Samuel Gómez, Ray Gerber, Juan Manuel Fuentes-Reinés
The history surrounding the identity of Cletocamptus albuquerquensis (Herrick, 1894) and C. dominicanus Kiefer, 1934 is very complex. This complexity has been exacerbated by incomplete, and in some cases erroneous, original descriptions of these two species. Also, new records from other locations did not describe the significant characters needed to clearly delineate them. This led several authors to consider C. dominicanus as a synonym of C. albuquerquensis, among other taxonomical considerations regarding, for example, the status of Marshia brevicaudata Herrick, 1894...
May 30, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578617/a-serologic-survey-of-mycoplasma-spp-in-farmed-bison-bison-bison-herds-in-western-canada
#19
Ana L Bras, Muhammad Suleman, Murray Woodbury, Karen Register, Herman W Barkema, Jose Perez-Casal, M Claire Windeyer
Mycoplasma bovis is emerging as an important pathogen of farmed bison in North America and is associated with high morbidity and mortality in affected herds. We developed an in-house ELISA to detect antibodies against Mycoplasma spp. in bison sera. The aims of the study were to estimate the seroprevalence against Mycoplasma spp. in bison herds with or without past history of M. bovis-associated disease, and to determine potential risk factors for seropositivity to Mycoplasma spp. in farmed bison in western Canada...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576137/characteristics-of-patients-receiving-midwife-led-prenatal-care-in-canada-results-from-the-maternity-experiences-survey-mes
#20
Peri Abdullah, Sabrina Gallant, Naseem Saghi, Alison Macpherson, Hala Tamim
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the characteristics of women in Canada who received care from a midwife during their prenatal period. METHODS: The findings of this study were drawn from the Maternity Experiences Survey (MES), which was a cross-sectional survey that assessed the experiences of women who gave birth between November 2005 and May 2006. The main outcome variable for this study was the prenatal care provider (i.e. midwife versus other healthcare providers)...
June 2, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
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