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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542334/flight-initiation-by-ferruginous-hawks-depends-on-disturbance-type-experience-and-the-anthropogenic-landscape
#1
Cameron J Nordell, Troy I Wellicome, Erin M Bayne
The expansion of humans and their related infrastructure is increasing the likelihood that wildlife will interact with humans. When disturbed by humans, animals often change their behaviour, which can result in time and energetic costs to that animal. An animal's decision to change behaviour is likely related to the type of disturbance, the individual's past experience with disturbance, and the landscape in which the disturbance occurs. In southern Alberta and Saskatchewan, we quantified probability of flight initiation from the nest by Ferruginous Hawks (Buteo regalis) during approaches to nests by investigators...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532628/milestones-barriers-and-beacons-shared-decision-making-in-canada-inches-ahead
#2
France Légaré, Dawn Stacey, Pierre-Gerlier Forest, Marie-France Coutu, Patrick Archambault, Laura Boland, Holly O Witteman, Annie LeBlanc, Krystina B Lewis, Anik M C Giguere
Canada's approach to shared decision making (SDM) remains as disparate as its healthcare system; a conglomerate of 14 public plans - ten provincial, three territorial and one federal. The healthcare research funding environment has been largely positive for SDM because there was funding for knowledge translation research which also encompassed SDM. The funding climate currently places new emphasis on patient involvement in research and on patient empowerment in healthcare. SDM fields have expanded from primary care to elder care, paediatrics, emergency and critical care medicine, cardiology, nutrition, occupational therapy and workplace rehabilitation...
May 19, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526093/canine-infection-with-borrelia-burgdorferi-dirofilaria-immitis-anaplasma-spp-and-ehrlichia-spp-in-canada-2013-2014
#3
Brian H Herrin, Andrew S Peregrine, Jonas Goring, Melissa J Beall, Susan E Little
BACKGROUND: Canine test results generated by veterinarians throughout Canada from 2013-2014 were evaluated to assess the geographical distribution of canine infection with Borrelia burgdorferi, Dirofilaria immitis, Ehrlichia spp., and Anaplasma spp. METHODS: The percent positive test results of 115,636 SNAP® 4Dx® Plus tests from dogs tested were collated by province and municipality to determine the distribution of these vector-borne infections in Canada. RESULTS: A total of 2,844/115,636 (2...
May 19, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499790/self-monitoring-blood-glucose-test-strip-utilization-in-saskatchewan-a-retrospective-study
#4
Lynette Kosar, Wasem Alsabbagh, Xinya Lu, Lisa M Lix, Yvonne Shevchuk, Gary F Teare, Anne Champagne, David F Blackburn
OBJECTIVES: To describe trends in blood glucose test strip (TS) utilization and cost in Saskatchewan. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of TS use between January 1, 1996, and December 31, 2013, was conducted using population-based health administrative databases in Saskatchewan. The prescription drug database was used to describe the annual number of TS dispensations, the number of strips dispensed, the number of unique beneficiaries and the total costs. A patient-level analysis was also carried out to describe the patterns of TS use (i...
May 9, 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499282/can-social-network-analysis-help-address-the-high-rates-of-bacterial-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-saskatchewan
#5
Molly A Trecker, Jo-Anne R Dillon, Kathy Lloyd, Maurice Hennink, Ann Jolly, Cheryl Waldner
BACKGROUND: Saskatchewan has one of the highest rates of gonorrhea among the Canadian provinces-more than double the national rate. In light of these high rates, and the growing threat of untreatable infections, improved understanding of gonorrhea transmission dynamics in the province and evaluation of the current system and tools for disease control are important. METHODS: We extracted data from a cross-sectional sample of laboratory-confirmed gonorrhea cases between 2003 and 2012 from the notifiable disease files of the Regina Qu'Appelle Health Region...
June 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469511/understanding-women-s-choice-of-mastectomy-versus-breast-conserving-therapy-in-early-stage-breast-cancer
#6
Jeffrey Gu, Gary Groot, Lorraine Holtslander, Rachel Engler-Stringer
OBJECTIVE: To identify factors that influence Saskatchewan women's choice between breast conserving therapy (BCT) and mastectomy in early-stage breast cancer (ESBC) and to compare and contrast underlying reasons behind choice of BCT versus mastectomy. METHODS: Interpretive description methods guided this practice-based qualitative study. Data were analyzed using thematic analysis and presented in thematic maps. RESULTS: Women who chose mastectomy described 1 of the 3 main themes: worry about cancer recurrence, perceived consequences of BCT treatment, or breast-tumor size perception...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469443/self-reported-effects-of-water-on-health-in-first-nations-communities-in-saskatchewan-canada-results-from-community-based-participatory-research
#7
Cheryl L Waldner, Hubert Tote Alimezelli, Lianne McLeod, Rebecca Zagozewski, Lori Ea Bradford, Lalita A Bharadwaj
Water-related health challenges on First Nations reserves in Canada have been previously documented. Our objective was to describe factors associated with self-reported health effects from tap water in 8 First Nations reserve communities in Saskatchewan, Canada. Community-based participatory approaches were used in designing and implementing cross-sectional household surveys. Individual, household, community, and contextual effects were considered in multilevel analysis. Negative health effects from tap water were reported by 28% of households (n = 579)...
2017: Environmental Health Insights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437651/population-attributable-risk-associated-with-lung-cancer-induced-by-residential-radon-in-canada-sensitivity-to-relative-risk-model-and-radon-probability-density-function-choices-in-memory-of-professor-jan-m-zielinski
#8
Mo'tassem Al-Arydah
Indoor radon has been identified as the second leading cause of lung cancer after tobacco smoking. The Population Attributable Risk (PAR) estimates the proportion of lung cancer cases associated with indoor radon exposure. Different relative risk (RR) models have been used in the literature to calculate PAR. The aim of this study is to assess how sensitive PAR is to the relative risk model and radon probability distribution functions choices. METHODS: Using Canadian observed first floor radon data collected by Health Canada during the period October 2010 to March 2011, seven common PAR radon models used for North American miners and dwelling scenarios were applied...
April 21, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434855/health-care-use-before-a-first-demyelinating-event-suggestive-of-a-multiple-sclerosis-prodrome-a-matched-cohort-study
#9
José M A Wijnands, Elaine Kingwell, Feng Zhu, Yinshan Zhao, Tanja Högg, Karen Stadnyk, Okechukwu Ekuma, Xinya Lu, Charity Evans, John D Fisk, Ruth Ann Marrie, Helen Tremlett
BACKGROUND: Degenerative processes in neurodegenerative diseases can start years before clinical manifestation. We aimed to establish whether a multiple sclerosis prodromal period exists by examining patterns of health-care use before a first demyelinating event. METHODS: In this matched cohort study, we used data from linked health administrative and clinical databases from four Canadian provinces (British Columbia, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, and Nova Scotia) to compare hospital, physician, and prescription use data from people with multiple sclerosis and matched general population controls in the 5 years before the first demyelinating disease claim (health administrative index date) or clinically reported symptom onset (clinical index date)...
April 20, 2017: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427340/does-the-association-between-adherence-to-statin-medications-and-mortality-depend-on-measurement-approach-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#10
Mhd Wasem Alsabbagh, Dean Eurich, Lisa M Lix, Thomas W Wilson, David F Blackburn
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between mortality and statin adherence using two different approaches to adherence measurement (summary versus repeated-measures). METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted using administrative data from Saskatchewan, Canada between 1994 and 2008. Eligible individuals received a prescription for a statin following hospitalization for acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Adherence was measured using proportion of days covered (PDC) expressed either as: 1) a fixed summary measure, or 2) as a repeatedly measured covariate...
April 20, 2017: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421914/seeing-the-forest-but-not-the-trees-heterogeneity-in-community-size-effects-in-canadian-ice-hockey-players
#11
N Wattie, J Schorer, J Baker
The community size effect (or birthplace effect) suggests that high-performance athletes are less likely to emerge from regions with population sizes that are very small or very large. However, previous research on elite Canadian ice hockey players has not considered the influence of intra-national regional variation of population distributions with respect to community size effects. Therefore, the purpose of the current study was to test the heterogeneity of the community size effect between Canadian National Hockey League draftees (2000-2014: n = 1505), from 7 provincial regions within Canada (i...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400708/costs-and-savings-associated-with-a-pharmacists-prescribing-for-minor-ailments-program-in-saskatchewan
#12
Ellen Rafferty, Mohsen Yaghoubi, Jeff Taylor, Marwa Farag
BACKGROUND: Health care systems around the world have started to develop pharmacists prescribing for minor ailments (PPMA) programs. These programs aim to improve the efficiency of care, reduce physician visits, and increase the accessibility to prescription medication (Rx). This study performed an economic impact analysis of the pharmacists prescribing for minor ailments program in Saskatchewan. METHODS: We measured costs for the program and the alternative scenario (i...
2017: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation: C/E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391385/the-association-between-a-lifetime-history-of-low-back-injury-in-a-motor-vehicle-collision-and-future-low-back-pain-a-population-based-cohort-study
#13
Paul S Nolet, Vicki L Kristman, Pierre Côté, Linda J Carroll, J David Cassidy
PURPOSE: This population-based cohort study investigated the association between a lifetime history of a low back injury in a motor vehicle collision (MVC) and future troublesome low back pain. Participants with a history of a low back injury in a motor vehicle collision who had recovered (no or mild low back pain) were compared to those without a history of injury. Current evidence from two cross-sectional and one prospective study suggests that individuals with a history of a low back injury in a MVC are more likely to experience future LBP...
April 8, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389739/does-socioeconomic-status-affect-lengthy-wait-time-in-canada-evidence-from-canadian-community-health-surveys
#14
Mohammad Hajizadeh
Reasonable access to health services without financial or other barriers is a primary objective of the Canadian health system. Notwithstanding such concern about accessibility of services, long waiting times for health services have been a prominent health policy issue in recent years. Using pooled data from four nationally representative Canadian Community Health Surveys (CCHSs, 2000/01, 2003, 2005 and 2010; n = 266,962) we examine socioeconomic inequality in lengthy wait time (LWT) to health care among adults (aged 18-65) in Canada...
April 7, 2017: European Journal of Health Economics: HEPAC: Health Economics in Prevention and Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384057/when-the-ice-goes-out-on-dor%C3%A3-lake-three-summers-among-cormorants-and-pelicans-in-saskatchewan-s-boreal-forestwhen-the-ice-goes-out-on-dor%C3%A3-lake-three-summers-among-cormorants-and-pelicans-in-saskatchewan-s-boreal-forest-by-thijs-kuiken-nature-saskatchewan
#15
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377676/knowledge-of-journal-impact-factors-among-nursing-faculty-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Maha Kumaran, Chau Ha
OBJECTIVE: The research assessed nursing faculty awareness and knowledge of the journal impact factor (JIF) and its impact on their publication choices. METHODS: A qualitative cross-sectional questionnaire was developed using Fluid Survey and distributed electronically to nursing faculty and instructors at three post-secondary institutions in Saskatchewan. Data were collected on place and status of employment, knowledge and awareness of JIFs, and criteria used to choose journals for publication...
April 2017: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371869/predicting-whole-body-vibration-exposure-in-canadian-prairie-farmers
#17
Xiaoke Zeng, Aaron M Kociolek, Muhammad Idrees Khan, Stephan Milosavljevic, Brenna Bath, Catherine M Trask
Direct workplace whole-body vibration exposure assessment provides ecological validity for evaluating health risk in epidemiological studies, yet it is complex and expensive in practical applications. Exposure prediction modeling could be a cost-efficient alternative to directly assessing occupational vibration exposures. The objective of this study was to model directly measured whole-body vibration exposures with predictors from machinery, farm, and self-reported characteristics among Canadian prairies farmers...
March 20, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370875/adherence-to-disease-modifying-therapies-for-multiple-sclerosis-and-subsequent-hospitalizations
#18
Charity Evans, Ruth Ann Marrie, Feng Zhu, Stella Leung, Xinya Lu, Elaine Kingwell, Yinshan Zhao, Helen Tremlett
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine the association between optimal adherence to first-line disease-modifying therapies (DMT) for multiple sclerosis (MS) and hospitalizations. METHODS: We used population-based administrative data from three Canadian provinces. All individuals receiving DMT (interferon-B-1b, interferon-B-1a, or glatiramer acetate) between January 1, 1996, and December 31, 2011 (British Columbia); March 31, 2012 (Manitoba); or March 31, 2014, (Saskatchewan) were included...
April 3, 2017: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352275/influence-of-harvest-aid-herbicides-on-seed-germination-seedling-vigor-and-milling-quality-traits-of-red-lentil-lens-culinaris-l
#19
Maya Subedi, Christian J Willenborg, Albert Vandenberg
Most red lentil produced worldwide is consumed in dehulled form, and post-harvest milling and splitting qualities are major concerns in the secondary processing industry. Lentil producers in northern temperate regions usually apply pre-harvest desiccants as harvest aids to accelerate the lentil crop drying process and facilitate harvesting operations. This paper reports on field studies conducted at Scott and Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada in the 2012 and 2013 cropping seasons to evaluate whether herbicides applied as harvest aids alone or tank mixed with glyphosate affect seed germination, seedling vigor, milling, and splitting qualities...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343040/the-influence-of-lead-content-in-drinking-water-household-dust-soil-and-paint-on-blood-lead-levels-of-children-in-flin-flon-manitoba-and-creighton-saskatchewan
#20
Adam M Safruk, Erin McGregor, Melissa L Whitfield Aslund, Paul H Cheung, Celine Pinsent, Blair J Jackson, Alan T Hair, Murray Lee, Elliot A Sigal
Lead exposure continues to be an important health issue despite the general removal of lead sources in commercial and industrial applications. Low levels of lead exposure have been found to produce adverse neurodevelopmental effects in children with no evidence that a threshold exists for this critical endpoint. Blood lead levels (BLLs) were measured in children (n=118) under the age of 7years in the northern Canadian smelter community of Flin Flon, Manitoba and Creighton, Saskatchewan. An environmental sampling component was included to examine the relationship between lead content in outdoor soil, household dust, tap water, and paint within a given household and the corresponding BLLs in participating children...
March 23, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
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