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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087381/prevalence-risk-factors-and-clinical-outcomes-of-atopic-and-nonatopic-asthma-among-rural-children
#1
Joshua A Lawson, Luan M Chu, Donna C Rennie, Louise Hagel, Chandima P Karunanayake, Punam Pahwa, James A Dosman
BACKGROUND: Because of time and cost constraints, objective classification of atopic and nonatopic asthma has been limited in large epidemiologic studies. However, as we try to better understand exposure-outcome associations and ensure appropriate treatment of asthma, it is important to focus on phenotype-defined asthma classification. OBJECTIVE: To compare atopic and nonatopic asthma in rural children with regard to risk factors and clinical outcomes. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study in rural Saskatchewan, Canada, in 2011...
January 10, 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056923/childhood-asthma-asthma-severity-indicators-and-related-conditions-along-an-urban-rural-gradient-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Joshua A Lawson, Donna C Rennie, Don W Cockcroft, Roland Dyck, Anna Afanasieva, Oluwafemi Oluwole, Jinnat Afsana
BACKGROUND: Asthma prevalence is generally lower in rural locations with some indication of an urban-rural gradient. However, among children with asthma, certain rural exposures thought to protect against the development of asthma could aggravate the condition. We examined childhood asthma prevalence and related conditions along an urban-rural gradient and also examined the characteristics of those with asthma along the urban-rural gradient. METHODS: In 2013 we completed a cross-sectional survey of 3509 children aged 5-14 years living in various population densities of Saskatchewan, Canada...
January 5, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050139/report-from-the-17th-annual-western-canadian-gastrointestinal-cancer-consensus-conference-edmonton-alberta-11-12-september-2015
#3
K E Mulder, S Ahmed, J D Davies, C M Doll, S Dowden, S Gill, V Gordon, P Hebbard, H Lim, A McFadden, J P McGhie, J Park, R Wong
The 17th annual Western Canadian Gastrointestinal Cancer Consensus Conference (wcgccc) was held in Edmonton, Alberta, 11-12 September 2015. The wcgccc is an interactive multidisciplinary conference attended by health care professionals from across Western Canada (British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba) who are involved in the care of patients with gastrointestinal cancer. Surgical, medical, and radiation oncologists; pathologists; radiologists; and allied health care professionals participated in presentation and discussion sessions for the purposes of developing the recommendations presented here...
December 2016: Current Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031474/field-evaluation-of-insecticides-for-control-of-cabbage-maggot-diptera-anthomyiidae-in-rutabaga-in-canada
#4
W G van Herk, R S Vernon, D R Waterer, J H Tolman, P J Lafontaine, R P Prasad
At the time of this research, there were only two insecticides registered for control of cabbage maggot, Delia radicum L., in rutabaga in Canada, one of which (diazinon) will be deregistered by 2017, and resistance having been reported in some areas for the other (chlorpyrifos). To screen for chemistries to replace these organophosphates, and obtain efficacy data comparable between key vegetable brassica production areas in Canada, four small plot field studies were conducted concurrently in British Columbia, Saskatchewan, Ontario, and Quebec in 2009...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989494/self-monitoring-of-blood-glucose-impact-of-quantity-limits-in-public-drug-formularies-on-provincial-costs-across-canada
#5
Sandra R Knowles, Kathy Lee, J Michael Paterson, Baiju R Shah, Muhammad M Mamdani, David N Juurlink, Tara Gomes
OBJECTIVES: For most patients with diabetes, routine use of blood glucose test strips (BGTS) has not been shown to be beneficial, yet the economic implications of broad publicly funded reimbursement for BGTS are substantial. We assessed the potential impact of BGTS quantity limits on utilization and costs for 6 publicly funded drug plans across Canada. METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis was conducted in 6 provinces (Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Nova Scotia, Newfoundland and Labrador and Prince Edward Island) for patients who received at least 1 prescription for BGTS in 2014 through the public drug program...
December 15, 2016: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979123/impact-of-molecular-structure-on-the-physicochemical-properties-of-starches-isolated-from-different-field-pea-pisum-sativum-l-cultivars-grown-in-saskatchewan-canada
#6
R Raghunathan, R Hoover, R Waduge, Q Liu, T D Warkentin
The objective of this study was to determine the molecular structure and properties of recently released cultivars of field peas [CDC Golden (CDCG), Abarth (ABAR), CDC Patrick (CDCP) and CDC Amarillo (CDCA)] grown at different locations in Saskatchewan, Canada. Starch yield (on whole seed basis), apparent amylose, total lipid and specific surface area were in the range 34-37%, 38.2-42.6%, 1.07-1.38% and 0.31-0.38m(2)/g, respectively. The proportion of short (DP 6-12) amylopectin chains, amylopectin branching density, molecular order, crystallinity, crystalline heterogeneity, gelatinization transition temperatures, pasting temperatures, peak viscosity, extent of acid hydrolysis, and resistant starch content were higher in CDCG and ABAR...
April 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936981/the-impact-of-price-cap-regulations-on-market-entry-by-generic-pharmaceutical-firms
#7
Wei Zhang, Huiying Sun, Daphne Guh, Aslam H Anis
BACKGROUND: In 1998, the province of Ontario, Canada implemented price-cap '70/90' regulations: the first generic must be priced at ≤70% of the associated brand-name price and subsequent generics must be priced at ≤90% of the first generics' price. The price-cap was further lowered to 50% in 2006 and 25% in 2010 for all generic drugs regardless of the first or subsequent generic entrants. This study assessed the impact of such price-cap regulations on market entry by generic firms using the formulary database from 9 provinces (January 2004-March 2013)...
December 27, 2016: Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914641/reduction-of-neonicotinoid-insecticide-residues-in-prairie-wetlands-by-common-wetland-plants
#8
Anson R Main, Jessica Fehr, Karsten Liber, John V Headley, Kerry M Peru, Christy A Morrissey
Neonicotinoid insecticides are frequently detected in wetlands during the early to mid-growing period of the Canadian Prairie cropping season. These detections also overlap with the growth of macrophytes that commonly surround agricultural wetlands which we hypothesized may reduce neonicotinoid transport and retention in wetlands. We sampled 20 agricultural wetlands and 11 macrophyte species in central Saskatchewan, Canada, over eight weeks to investigate whether macrophytes were capable of reducing movement of neonicotinoids from cultivated fields and/or reducing concentrations in surface water by accumulating insecticide residues into their tissues...
February 1, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904233/examining-the-supply-of-and-demand-for-physiotherapy-in-saskatchewan-the-relationship-between-where-physiotherapists-work-and-population-health-need
#9
Brighid McFadden, Kendra Jones McGrath, Teghan Lowe, Carla Thiessen, Steven Irinici, Tayyab Shah, Stephan Milosavljevic, Brenna Bath
Purpose: This research examined the association between the distribution of physiotherapists in Saskatchewan relative to population health characteristics and self-reported physiotherapy use. Methods: Using a cross-sectional design, de-identified data were collected from the 2013 Saskatchewan College of Physical Therapy membership renewals (n=643), and Saskatchewan population health characteristics data were obtained from the 2009-2012 Canadian Community Health Surveys (CCHSs). Age- and sex-adjusted proportions of selected population health characteristics were calculated and stratified by health region and rural-urban location; both were determined, for physiotherapists and CCHS participants, using postal codes...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900393/the-effects-of-alcohol-related-harms-to-others-on-self-perceived-mental-well-being-in-a-canadian-sample
#10
Candace Lewis-Laietmark, Ashley Wettlaufer, Kevin D Shield, Norman Giesbrecht, Nicole April, Mark Asbridge, Colleen Dell, Jürgen Rehm, Tim Stockwell
OBJECTIVES: To examine (1) the harms related to the drinking of others in five Canadian provinces, stratified by socio-demographic variables, and (2) the relationship between these harms and mental well-being. METHODS: A telephone survey sampled 375 adults from British Columbia, Saskatchewan, Ontario, Quebec, and Nova Scotia. Harms related to the drinking of others were measured through 16 questions in the domains of psychological, physical, social, and financial harms...
November 29, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876843/experienced-migratory-songbirds-do-not-display-goal-ward-orientation-after-release-following-a-cross-continental-displacement-an-automated-telemetry-study
#11
Dmitry Kishkinev, Dominik Heyers, Bradley K Woodworth, Greg W Mitchell, Keith A Hobson, D Ryan Norris
The ability to navigate implies that animals have the capability to compensate for geographical displacement and return to their initial goal or target. Although some species are capable of adjusting their direction after displacement, the environmental cues used to achieve this remain elusive. Two possible cues are geomagnetic parameters (magnetic map hypothesis) or atmospheric odour-forming gradients (olfactory map hypothesis). In this study, we examined both of these hypotheses by surgically deactivating either the magnetic or olfactory sensory systems in experienced white-throated sparrows (Zonotrichia albicollis) captured in southern Ontario, Canada, during spring migration...
November 23, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865434/potential-water-resource-impacts-of-hydraulic-fracturing-from-unconventional-oil-production-in-the-bakken-shale
#12
REVIEW
Namita Shrestha, Govinda Chilkoor, Joseph Wilder, Venkataramana Gadhamshetty, James J Stone
Modern drilling techniques, notably horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing, have enabled unconventional oil production (UOP) from the previously inaccessible Bakken Shale Formation located throughout Montana, North Dakota (ND) and the Canadian province of Saskatchewan. The majority of UOP from the Bakken shale occurs in ND, strengthening its oil industry and businesses, job market, and its gross domestic product. However, similar to UOP from other low-permeability shales, UOP from the Bakken shale can result in environmental and human health effects...
January 1, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861917/saskatchewan-s-school-based-dental-program-staffed-by-dental-therapists-a-retrospective-case-study
#13
Kavita R Mathu-Muju, Jay W Friedman, David A Nash
OBJECTIVES: The poor oral health of Saskatchewan's children, in concert with a significant shortage of dentists, prompted the province in the early 1970s to seek an alternative method of addressing the oral health care needs of children. The result was the Saskatchewan Health Dental Plan (SHDP), which trained and employed dental therapists in school-based clinics to provide basic dental care to all children. The program was initiated over the opposition of Saskatchewan's dentists. The purpose of this research was to provide information and data previously not documented in the refereed dental literature regarding the only school-based program staffed by dental therapists to ever exist in North America...
November 12, 2016: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853482/improving-carbon-monitoring-and-reporting-in-forests-using-spatially-explicit-information
#14
Céline Boisvenue, Byron P Smiley, Joanne C White, Werner A Kurz, Michael A Wulder
BACKGROUND: Understanding and quantifying carbon (C) exchanges between the biosphere and the atmosphere-specifically the process of C removal from the atmosphere, and how this process is changing-is the basis for developing appropriate adaptation and mitigation strategies for climate change. Monitoring forest systems and reporting on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and removals are now required components of international efforts aimed at mitigating rising atmospheric GHG. Spatially-explicit information about forests can improve the estimates of GHG emissions and removals...
December 2016: Carbon Balance and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848199/anesthesiology-resident-wellness-program-at-the-university-of-saskatchewan-concept-and-development
#15
Anita Chakravarti, Mateen Raazi, Jennifer O'Brien, Breanna Balaton
PURPOSE: We describe the need for an anesthesiology resident wellness program (ARWP) and the challenges associated with its development and implementation. We also present the results of a preliminary program evaluation. METHODS: We conducted a needs assessment of Canadian anesthesiology residency programs for a formal ARWP. This endeavor involved both a cross-sectional survey and a focus group of Canadian anesthesiology residency training program directors (PDs)...
November 15, 2016: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844198/anesthesiology-resident-wellness-program-at-the-university-of-saskatchewan-curriculum-content-and-delivery
#16
Anita Chakravarti, Mateen Raazi, Jennifer O'Brien, Breanna Balaton
Resident and physician health are increasingly recognized by the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada and its CanMEDS framework as integral to residency training in Canada. Resident stress, burnout, and depression also have implications for patient care. Although curricula have been advocated to promote resident wellness and resilience, no such published curricula exist to guide programs in addressing these needs. The purpose of this article is to describe the curriculum content and delivery of the Anesthesiology Residency Wellness Program (ARWP) at the University of Saskatchewan...
November 14, 2016: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834180/exploring-beliefs-around-physical-activity-among-older-adults-in-rural-canada
#17
Laurie Schmidt, Gwen Rempel, Terra C Murray, Tara-Leigh McHugh, Jeff K Vallance
OBJECTIVE: As physical activity can improve health and reduce the risk of chronic disease, it is important to understand the contributing factors to physical activity engagement among older adults, particularly those living in rural communities to assist in remaining active and healthy as long as possible. The purpose of this study was to gain a deeper understanding of the socio-ecological factors that influence or contribute to physical activity among rural-dwelling older adults in rural Saskatchewan, Canada...
2016: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829573/advancing-interprofessional-primary-health-care-services-in-rural-settings-for-people-with-chronic-low-back-disorders-protocol-of-a-community-based-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Brenna Bath, Stacey Lovo Grona, Stephan Milosavljevic, Nazmi Sari, Biaka Imeah, Megan E O'Connell
BACKGROUND: Chronic low back disorders (CLBDs) are a substantial burden on individuals and societies, and impact up to 20% of Canadians. Rural and remote residents are approximately 30% more likely to have CLBDs. Reduced access to appropriate team-based health services, including physical therapy, is a key factor that may magnify the impact of CLBD on pain, physical function, overall quality of life, health-related system costs, and individual costs. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this project is to evaluate the validity, comparative effectiveness, costs, barriers, and facilitators of an interprofessional management approach for people with CLBDs, delivered via telehealth...
November 9, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807659/cultural-connectedness-and-its-relation-to-mental-wellness-for-first-nations-youth
#19
Angela Snowshoe, Claire V Crooks, Paul F Tremblay, Riley E Hinson
We explored the interrelationships among components of cultural connectedness (i.e., identity, traditions, and spirituality) and First Nations youth mental health using a brief version of the original Cultural Connectedness Scale. Participants included 290 First Nations youth (M age = 14.4) who were recruited from both urban and rural school settings in Saskatchewan and Southwestern Ontario. We performed a confirmatory factor analysis of the Cultural Connectedness Scale-Short Version (CCS-S) items to investigate the factor stability of the construct in our sample...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803600/use-of-low-value-radiotherapy-practices-in-canada-an-analysis-of-provincial-cancer-registry-data
#20
K Tran, R Rahal, M Brundage, S Fung, C Louzado, M Milosevic, J Xu, H Bryant
BACKGROUND: As part of Choosing Wisely Canada (a national campaign to encourage patient-provider conversations about unnecessary medical tests, treatments, and procedures), a list of ten oncology practices that could be low-value in some instances was developed. Of those practices, two were specific to radiation therapy (rt): conventional fractionation as part of breast-conserving therapy (bct) for women with early-stage breast cancer, and multifraction radiation for palliation of uncomplicated painful bone metastases...
October 2016: Current Oncology
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