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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914641/reduction-of-neonicotinoid-insecticide-residues-in-prairie-wetlands-by-common-wetland-plants
#1
Anson R Main, Jessica Fehr, Karsten Liber, John V Headley, Kerry M Peru, Christy A Morrissey
Neonicotinoid insecticides are frequently detected in wetlands during the early to mid-growing period of the Canadian Prairie cropping season. These detections also overlap with the growth of macrophytes that commonly surround agricultural wetlands which we hypothesized may reduce neonicotinoid transport and retention in wetlands. We sampled 20 agricultural wetlands and 11 macrophyte species in central Saskatchewan, Canada, over eight weeks to investigate whether macrophytes were capable of reducing movement of neonicotinoids from cultivated fields and/or reducing concentrations in surface water by accumulating insecticide residues into their tissues...
November 30, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904233/examining-the-supply-of-and-demand-for-physiotherapy-in-saskatchewan-the-relationship-between-where-physiotherapists-work-and-population-health-need
#2
Brighid McFadden, Kendra Jones McGrath, Teghan Lowe, Carla Thiessen, Steven Irinici, Tayyab Shah, Stephan Milosavljevic, Brenna Bath
Purpose: This research examined the association between the distribution of physiotherapists in Saskatchewan relative to population health characteristics and self-reported physiotherapy use. Methods: Using a cross-sectional design, de-identified data were collected from the 2013 Saskatchewan College of Physical Therapy membership renewals (n=643), and Saskatchewan population health characteristics data were obtained from the 2009-2012 Canadian Community Health Surveys (CCHSs). Age- and sex-adjusted proportions of selected population health characteristics were calculated and stratified by health region and rural-urban location; both were determined, for physiotherapists and CCHS participants, using postal codes...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900393/the-effects-of-alcohol-related-harms-to-others-on-self-perceived-mental-well-being-in-a-canadian-sample
#3
Candace Lewis-Laietmark, Ashley Wettlaufer, Kevin D Shield, Norman Giesbrecht, Nicole April, Mark Asbridge, Colleen Dell, Jürgen Rehm, Tim Stockwell
OBJECTIVES: To examine (1) the harms related to the drinking of others in five Canadian provinces, stratified by socio-demographic variables, and (2) the relationship between these harms and mental well-being. METHODS: A telephone survey sampled 375 adults from British Columbia, Saskatchewan, Ontario, Quebec, and Nova Scotia. Harms related to the drinking of others were measured through 16 questions in the domains of psychological, physical, social, and financial harms...
November 29, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876843/experienced-migratory-songbirds-do-not-display-goal-ward-orientation-after-release-following-a-cross-continental-displacement-an-automated-telemetry-study
#4
Dmitry Kishkinev, Dominik Heyers, Bradley K Woodworth, Greg W Mitchell, Keith A Hobson, D Ryan Norris
The ability to navigate implies that animals have the capability to compensate for geographical displacement and return to their initial goal or target. Although some species are capable of adjusting their direction after displacement, the environmental cues used to achieve this remain elusive. Two possible cues are geomagnetic parameters (magnetic map hypothesis) or atmospheric odour-forming gradients (olfactory map hypothesis). In this study, we examined both of these hypotheses by surgically deactivating either the magnetic or olfactory sensory systems in experienced white-throated sparrows (Zonotrichia albicollis) captured in southern Ontario, Canada, during spring migration...
November 23, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865434/potential-water-resource-impacts-of-hydraulic-fracturing-from-unconventional-oil-production-in-the-bakken-shale
#5
REVIEW
Namita Shrestha, Govinda Chilkoor, Joseph Wilder, Venkataramana Gadhamshetty, James J Stone
Modern drilling techniques, notably horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing, have enabled unconventional oil production (UOP) from the previously inaccessible Bakken Shale Formation located throughout Montana, North Dakota (ND) and the Canadian province of Saskatchewan. The majority of UOP from the Bakken shale occurs in ND, strengthening its oil industry and businesses, job market, and its gross domestic product. However, similar to UOP from other low-permeability shales, UOP from the Bakken shale can result in environmental and human health effects...
November 4, 2016: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861917/saskatchewan-s-school-based-dental-program-staffed-by-dental-therapists-a-retrospective-case-study
#6
Kavita R Mathu-Muju, Jay W Friedman, David A Nash
OBJECTIVES: The poor oral health of Saskatchewan's children, in concert with a significant shortage of dentists, prompted the province in the early 1970s to seek an alternative method of addressing the oral health care needs of children. The result was the Saskatchewan Health Dental Plan (SHDP), which trained and employed dental therapists in school-based clinics to provide basic dental care to all children. The program was initiated over the opposition of Saskatchewan's dentists. The purpose of this research was to provide information and data previously not documented in the refereed dental literature regarding the only school-based program staffed by dental therapists to ever exist in North America...
November 12, 2016: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853482/improving-carbon-monitoring-and-reporting-in-forests-using-spatially-explicit-information
#7
Céline Boisvenue, Byron P Smiley, Joanne C White, Werner A Kurz, Michael A Wulder
BACKGROUND: Understanding and quantifying carbon (C) exchanges between the biosphere and the atmosphere-specifically the process of C removal from the atmosphere, and how this process is changing-is the basis for developing appropriate adaptation and mitigation strategies for climate change. Monitoring forest systems and reporting on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and removals are now required components of international efforts aimed at mitigating rising atmospheric GHG. Spatially-explicit information about forests can improve the estimates of GHG emissions and removals...
December 2016: Carbon Balance and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848199/anesthesiology-resident-wellness-program-at-the-university-of-saskatchewan-concept-and-development
#8
Anita Chakravarti, Mateen Raazi, Jennifer O'Brien, Breanna Balaton
PURPOSE: We describe the need for an anesthesiology resident wellness program (ARWP) and the challenges associated with its development and implementation. We also present the results of a preliminary program evaluation. METHODS: We conducted a needs assessment of Canadian anesthesiology residency programs for a formal ARWP. This endeavor involved both a cross-sectional survey and a focus group of Canadian anesthesiology residency training program directors (PDs)...
November 15, 2016: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844198/anesthesiology-resident-wellness-program-at-the-university-of-saskatchewan-curriculum-content-and-delivery
#9
Anita Chakravarti, Mateen Raazi, Jennifer O'Brien, Breanna Balaton
Resident and physician health are increasingly recognized by the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada and its CanMEDS framework as integral to residency training in Canada. Resident stress, burnout, and depression also have implications for patient care. Although curricula have been advocated to promote resident wellness and resilience, no such published curricula exist to guide programs in addressing these needs. The purpose of this article is to describe the curriculum content and delivery of the Anesthesiology Residency Wellness Program (ARWP) at the University of Saskatchewan...
November 14, 2016: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834180/exploring-beliefs-around-physical-activity-among-older-adults-in-rural-canada
#10
Laurie Schmidt, Gwen Rempel, Terra C Murray, Tara-Leigh McHugh, Jeff K Vallance
OBJECTIVE: As physical activity can improve health and reduce the risk of chronic disease, it is important to understand the contributing factors to physical activity engagement among older adults, particularly those living in rural communities to assist in remaining active and healthy as long as possible. The purpose of this study was to gain a deeper understanding of the socio-ecological factors that influence or contribute to physical activity among rural-dwelling older adults in rural Saskatchewan, Canada...
2016: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829573/advancing-interprofessional-primary-health-care-services-in-rural-settings-for-people-with-chronic-low-back-disorders-protocol-of-a-community-based-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Brenna Bath, Stacey Lovo Grona, Stephan Milosavljevic, Nazmi Sari, Biaka Imeah, Megan E O'Connell
BACKGROUND: Chronic low back disorders (CLBDs) are a substantial burden on individuals and societies, and impact up to 20% of Canadians. Rural and remote residents are approximately 30% more likely to have CLBDs. Reduced access to appropriate team-based health services, including physical therapy, is a key factor that may magnify the impact of CLBD on pain, physical function, overall quality of life, health-related system costs, and individual costs. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this project is to evaluate the validity, comparative effectiveness, costs, barriers, and facilitators of an interprofessional management approach for people with CLBDs, delivered via telehealth...
November 9, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807659/cultural-connectedness-and-its-relation-to-mental-wellness-for-first-nations-youth
#12
Angela Snowshoe, Claire V Crooks, Paul F Tremblay, Riley E Hinson
We explored the interrelationships among components of cultural connectedness (i.e., identity, traditions, and spirituality) and First Nations youth mental health using a brief version of the original Cultural Connectedness Scale. Participants included 290 First Nations youth (M age = 14.4) who were recruited from both urban and rural school settings in Saskatchewan and Southwestern Ontario. We performed a confirmatory factor analysis of the Cultural Connectedness Scale-Short Version (CCS-S) items to investigate the factor stability of the construct in our sample...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803600/use-of-low-value-radiotherapy-practices-in-canada-an-analysis-of-provincial-cancer-registry-data
#13
K Tran, R Rahal, M Brundage, S Fung, C Louzado, M Milosevic, J Xu, H Bryant
BACKGROUND: As part of Choosing Wisely Canada (a national campaign to encourage patient-provider conversations about unnecessary medical tests, treatments, and procedures), a list of ten oncology practices that could be low-value in some instances was developed. Of those practices, two were specific to radiation therapy (rt): conventional fractionation as part of breast-conserving therapy (bct) for women with early-stage breast cancer, and multifraction radiation for palliation of uncomplicated painful bone metastases...
October 2016: Current Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790632/infodemiological-data-of-high-school-drop-out-related-web-searches-in-canada-correlating-with-real-world-statistical-data-in-the-period-2004-2012
#14
Anna Siri, Hicham Khabbache, Ali Al-Jafar, Mariano Martini, Francesco Brigo, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi
The present data article describes high-school drop-out related web activities in Canada, from 2004 to 2012, obtained mining Google Trends (GT), using high-school drop-out as key-word. The searches volumes were processed, correlated and cross-correlated with statistical data obtained at national and province level and broken down for gender. Further, an autoregressive moving-average (ARMA) model was used to model the GT-generated data. From a qualitative point of view, GT-generated relative search volumes (RSVs) reflect the decrease in drop-out rate...
December 2016: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782797/fine-scale-assessment-of-genetic-diversity-of-trembling-aspen-in-northwestern-north-america
#15
Mathieu Latutrie, Yves Bergeron, Francine Tremblay
BACKGROUND: In North America, the last ice age is the most recent event with severe consequences on boreal species' ranges. Phylogeographic patterns of range expansion in trembling aspen (Populus tremuloides) suggested that Beringia is likely to be a refugium and the "ice-free corridor" in Alberta may represent a region where small populations persisted during the last glacial maximum (LGM). The purpose of this study was to ascertain whether the origins of trembling aspen in western North America are reflected in the patterns of neutral genetic diversity and population structure...
October 26, 2016: BMC Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763848/healthy-start-d%C3%A3-part-sant%C3%A3-a-pilot-study-of-a-multilevel-intervention-to-increase-physical-activity-fundamental-movement-skills-and-healthy-eating-in-rural-childcare-centres
#16
Amanda Froehlich Chow, Anne Leis, Louise Humbert, Nazeem Muhajarine, Rachel Engler-Stringer
OBJECTIVES: In order to improve healthy behaviours among rural children in their early years, a physical activity and healthy eating intervention (Healthy Start - Départ Santé) was implemented in rural childcare centres throughout Saskatchewan. The objective of the current study was to evaluate the impact of a multimodal physical activity and healthy eating intervention on educators' provision of opportunities for children to improve their physical activity levels, fundamental movement skills and healthy eating behaviours...
October 20, 2016: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747756/differences-in-fall-injury-hospitalization-and-related-survival-rates-among-older-adults-across-age-sex-and-areas-of-residence-in-canada
#17
Shanthi Johnson, Sheila Kelly, Drona Rasali
BACKGROUND: Falls are the leading cause of injury-related hospital admissions in Canadian older adults, accounting for 85 % of injury hospitalizations among older adults aged over 65 years. While many of these injuries can lead to death, the survival rates of fall-related injuries are rarely examined. This surveillance study examined the fall injury hospitalization and survival rates among older adults in the context of place. METHODS: Saskatchewan's health administrative data on injury hospitalizations among individuals aged 65 years and over (n = 39,867) was utilized for this study...
December 2015: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738826/gender-differences-in-the-association-of-individual-and-contextual-exposures-with-lung-function-in-a-rural-canadian-population
#18
Bonnie Janzen, Chandima Karunanayake, Donna Rennie, William Pickett, Joshua Lawson, Shelley Kirychuk, Louise Hagel, Ambikaipakan Senthilselvan, Niels Koehncke, James Dosman, Punam Pahwa
INTRODUCTION: To investigate the association of individual and contextual exposures with lung function by gender in rural-dwelling Canadians. METHODS: A cross-sectional mail survey obtained completed questionnaires on exposures from 8263 individuals; a sub-sample of 1609 individuals (762 men, 847 women) additionally participated in clinical lung function testing. The three dependent variables were forced expired volume in one second (FEV1), forced vital capacity (FVC), and FEV1/FVC ratio...
October 13, 2016: Lung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738250/indigenous-knowledge-approach-to-successful-psychotherapies-with-aboriginal-suicide-attempters
#19
Lewis Mehl-Madrona
INTRODUCTION: Suicide is disproportionately common among Aboriginal people in Canada. METHODS: Life stories were collected from 54 Aboriginal suicide attempters in northern Saskatchewan. Constant comparison techniques and modified grounded theory identified common themes expressed. RESULTS: Three common plots/themes preceded suicide attempts: 1) relationship breakup, usually sudden, unanticipated, involving a third person; 2) being publicly humiliated by another person(s), accompanied by high levels of shame; and 3) high levels of unremitting, chronic life stress (including poverty) with relative isolation...
November 2016: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733779/a-5-year-study-of-the-incidence-and-economic-impact-of-variant-infectious-bursal-disease-viruses-on-broiler-production-in-saskatchewan-canada
#20
Tara Zachar, Shelly Popowich, Bob Goodhope, Tennille Knezacek, Davor Ojkic, Philip Willson, Khawaja Ashfaque Ahmed, Susantha Gomis
While the prevalence of infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) on chicken farms in some provinces of Canada has been documented, the economic impact of variant IBDV infection on the broiler chicken industry in Saskatchewan has not. The objectives of this study were to identify the variant strains of IBDV circulating on Saskatchewan chicken farms and evaluate their economic impact on broiler production. Infection due to IBDV was detected in 43% of Saskatchewan chicken farms, with variant strains detected in infected birds closely related predominantly to NC171, 586, and Delaware-E...
October 2016: Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research, Revue Canadienne de Recherche Vétérinaire
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