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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770083/an-outbreak-of-shiga-toxin-producing-escherichia-coli-o121-infections-associated-with-flour-canada-2016-2017-%C3%A2
#1
V Morton, J M Cheng, D Sharma, A Kearney
As of May 23, 2017, 29 cases of a new Escherichia coli O121 infection have been identified in six provinces (Alberta, British Columbia, Newfoundland and Labrador, Ontario, Quebec and Saskatchewan) linked with the consumption of uncooked flour. One additional case was identified in a U.S. resident who traveled to Canada during the exposure period. Patients' ages ranged from 2-79 years (median = 23.5 years) and 50% were female. Eight patients were hospitalized, and one developed hemolytic uremic syndrome. Because of the recent emergence of E...
July 6, 2017: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770078/evaluating-the-timeliness-of-reporting-in-a-first-nations-communicable-diseases-program
#2
A Lam, S Woods, N Ndubuka
Background: Timely reporting of communicable diseases is necessary to enable a prompt response to mitigate and control outbreaks. This is especially true among First Nations communities due to a number of factors, including unique social determinants of health, which can contribute to rapid disease transmission. Objective: To assess the timeliness of reporting for 12 notifiable communicable diseases in the Northern Inter-Tribal Health Authority, which includes 33 First Nations on-reserve communities in Northern Saskatchewan, Canada, and to assess whether there were differences in reporting times depending on degree of remoteness of community, season or year...
June 1, 2017: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770076/the-use-of-technology-to-improve-health-care-to-saskatchewan-s-first-nations-communities
#3
I Khan, N Ndubuka, K Stewart, V McKinney, I Mendez
Background: Saskatchewan is a province of over one million people and over 13% are Indigenous peoples, many of whom live on reserve lands. Despite continued efforts, access to health care remains a significant challenge for these Indigenous people, especially those in the North. Objective: To address this challenge, Saskatchewan's health care providers have been incorporating the use of technology for various health services. This paper describes various ways technology has been used in First Nations communities in Saskatchewan...
June 1, 2017: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770057/aids-in-canada-surveillance-report-2016
#4
L Jonah, A C Bourgeois, M Edmunds, A Awan, O Varsaneux, W Siu
Background: Although there continues to be a global epidemic of people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) there has been a decrease in the number of people dying of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), largely due to successful treatment with antiretroviral therapy. Objective: To provide a descriptive overview of the reported cases of AIDS in Canada by identifying trends by geographic location, sex, age group and mortality. While the descriptive analysis focuses on the year 2016, results are presented for reported cases from the beginning of national AIDS surveillance in 1979...
December 7, 2017: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770056/hiv-in-canada-surveillance-report-2016
#5
A C Bourgeois, M Edmunds, A Awan, L Jonah, O Varsaneux, W Siu
Background: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) continues to be a global public health concern, with 2.1 million people newly infected in 2015. Although many high-income countries have noted decreasing rates of HIV, between 2013 and 2015 Canada's rates had stabilized at 5.8 per 100,000 population. Objective: To provide a descriptive overview of reported cases of HIV in Canada up until 2016 by geographic location, sex, age group, exposure category and race/ethnicity, with a focus on the most recent data...
December 7, 2017: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770045/surveillance-for-lyme-disease-in-canada-2009-2015
#6
S Gasmi, N H Ogden, L R Lindsay, S Burns, S Fleming, J Badcock, S Hanan, C Gaulin, M A Leblanc, C Russell, M Nelder, L Hobbs, S Graham-Derham, L Lachance, A N Scott, E Galanis, J K Koffi
Objective: To summarize seven years of surveillance data for Lyme disease cases reported in Canada from 2009 to 2015. Methods: We describe the incidence over time, seasonal and geographic distribution, demographic and clinical characteristics of reported Lyme disease cases. Logistic regression was used to explore differences between age groups, sex and year to better understand potential demographic risk factors for the occurrence of Lyme disease. Results: The number of reported Lyme disease cases increased more than six-fold, from 144 in 2009 to 917 in 2015, mainly due to an increase in infections acquired in Canada...
October 5, 2017: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755765/travel-distance-and-use-of-salvage-palliative-chemotherapy-in-patients-with-metastatic-colorectal-cancer
#7
Shahid Ahmed, Mahjabeen Iqbal, Duc Le, Nayyer Iqbal, Punam Pahwa
Background: Salvage palliative chemotherapy in metastatic colorectal cancer has been associated with significant improvement in survival. However, not all patients receive all available therapies. Travel burden can affect patient access and use of future therapy. The present study aims to determine relationship between travel distance (TD) and salvage palliative chemotherapy in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer. Method: A patient cohort diagnosed with metastatic colorectal cancer during 2006-2010 in the province of Saskatchewan, Canada was studied...
April 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724391/the-association-between-endotoxin-and-beta-1-%C3%A2-3-d-glucan-in-house-dust-with-asthma-severity-among-schoolchildren
#8
Oluwafemi Oluwole, Donna C Rennie, Ambikaipakan Senthilselvan, Roland Dyck, Anna Afanasieva, Shelley Kirychuk, George Katselis, Joshua A Lawson
BACKGROUND: Asthma severity can be affected by microbial exposures. However, less is known about the specific indoor agents aggravating the disease in children. We examined the associations between indoor endotoxin and beta-(1 → 3)-D-glucan exposures and asthma severity in children with asthma. METHODS: A clinical cross-sectional study of schoolchildren (aged 7-17 years) was conducted in the province of Saskatchewan, Canada. Children with asthma (n = 116) were identified from 335 participants using a combination of survey responses and objective clinical assessments...
May 2018: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697009/factors-associated-with-drinking-and-being-satisfied-with-tap-water-in-indigenous-communities-in-saskatchewan-canada
#9
Silvia Bermedo-Carrasco, Lalita Bharadwaj, Cheryl L Waldner
Previous studies have described concerns regarding tap water in Indigenous communities, yet there is little information on participants who report drinking their tap water and being satisfied with its quality. This study undertaken with members of 8 Indigenous communities in Saskatchewan, Canada, and identified factors associated with both the decision to drink tap water at home and being satisfied with its quality. We examined the importance of factors such as individual attributes, experiences, attitudes, household and community-based variables...
December 2018: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688882/withdrawn-disparity-in-public-funding-of-therapies-for-metastatic-castrate-resistant-prostate-cancer-across-canadian-provinces
#10
Dixon T S Woon, Thenappan Chandrasekar, Lorne Aaron, Naveen S Basappa, Kim N Chi, Henry J Conter, Brita Danielson, Sebastien J Hotte, Shawn Malone, Fred Saad, Bobby Shayegan, Laura Park-Wyllie, Robert J Hamilton
Ahead of print article withdrawn by publisher.
April 12, 2018: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676215/being-and-becoming-a-helper-illness-disclosure-and-identity-transformations-among-indigenous-people-living-with-hiv-or-aids-in-saskatoon-saskatchewan
#11
Andrew R Hatala, Kelley Bird-Naytowhow, Tamara Pearl, Jen Peterson, Sugandhi Del Canto, Eddie Rooke, Stryker Calvez, Ryan Meili, Michael Schwandt, Jason Mercredi, Patti Tait
Saskatoon has nearly half of the diagnoses of HIV in Saskatchewan, Canada, with an incidence rate among Indigenous populations within inner-city contexts that is 3 times higher than national rates. Previous research does not adequately explore the relations between HIV vulnerabilities within these contexts and the experiences of illness disclosure that are informed by identity transformations, experiences of stigma, and social support. From an intersectionality framework and a constructivist grounded theory approach, this research involved in-depth, semistructured interviews with 21 Indigenous people living with HIV and/or AIDS in Saskatoon, both male and female...
April 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648461/using-two-eyed-seeing-to-explore-interagency-collaboration
#12
Cheryl Whiting, Stephanie Cavers, Sandra Bassendowski, Pammla Petrucka
Background Health-care environments influence service delivery; approaches need to be more wholistic and culturally competent requiring effective interagency collaboration to bridge traditional Indigenous and mainstream health services. Despite considerable research on collaboration, the concept remains misunderstood, at worst, and formative, at best. Within the nexus of these two diverse health services, there is limited information on how collaborations could be created and sustained effectively. Purpose To explore the perspectives/experiences of collaboration of select Saskatchewan health professionals practicing across these diverse services to understand the concept from their perspectives...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, Revue Canadienne de Recherche en Sciences Infirmières
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622002/does-specialist-physician-supply-affect-pediatric-asthma-health-outcomes
#13
Guido Filler, Tom Kovesi, Erik Bourdon, Sarah Ann Jones, Laurentiu Givelichian, Cheryl Rockman-Greenberg, Jason Gilliland, Marion Williams, Elaine Orrbine, Bruno Piedboeuf
BACKGROUND: Pediatrician and pediatric subspecialist density varies substantially among the various Canadian provinces, as well as among various states in the US. It is unknown whether this variability impacts health outcomes. To study this knowledge gap, we evaluated pediatric asthma admission rates within the 2 Canadian provinces of Manitoba and Saskatchewan, which have similarly sized pediatric populations and substantially different physician densities. METHODS: This was a retrospective cross-sectional cohort study...
April 5, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615014/assessing-the-implementation-processes-of-a-large-scale-multi-year-quality-improvement-initiative-survey-of-health-care-providers
#14
Donna Goodridge, Masud Rana, Elizabeth L Harrison, Thomas Rotter, Roy Dobson, Gary Groot, Sonia Udod, Joshua Lloyd
BACKGROUND: Beginning in 2012, Lean was introduced to improve health care quality and promote patient-centredness throughout the province of Saskatchewan, Canada with the aim of producing coordinated, system-wide change. Significant investments have been made in training and implementation, although limited evaluation of the outcomes have been reported. In order to better understand the complex influences that make innovations such as Lean "workable" in practice, Normalization Process Theory guided this study...
April 3, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606729/seroprevalence-of-cache-valley-virus-and-related-viruses-in-sheep-and-other-livestock-from-saskatchewan-canada
#15
Fabienne D Uehlinger, Wendy Wilkins, Dale L Godson, Michael A Drebot
Cache Valley virus, an orthobunyavirus, is an important cause of ovine neonatal malformations. Information on the seroprevalence of this virus in Saskatchewan livestock populations is lacking. The objectives of this study were to determine the seroprevalence of Cache Valley virus and closely related viruses in sheep, cattle, goats, horses, and mule deer in Saskatchewan by performing a plaque-reduction neutralization test using Cache Valley virus. In total, sera from 130 sheep from 50 flocks were tested. Seroprevalence in sheep was 64...
April 2018: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602759/economic-implications-of-endovenous-great-saphenous-ablation-in-a-public-health-care-system
#16
Abdalla Butt, David Kopriva
BACKGROUND: In mid-2007, endovenous ablation (EVA) of the great saphenous vein was introduced into the publicly funded health care system in Saskatchewan, Canada. We hypothesize that the introduction of EVA resulted in a decrease in use of high ligation and stripping (HL/S), decreased costs to the health care system, and increased demand of patients for great saphenous vein ablative procedures. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed administrative data to capture cases of HL/S between 2003 and 2014 and cases of EVA of the great saphenous vein (endovenous laser treatment and radiofrequency ablation) between 2007 and 2014...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599559/characteristics-of-parasitic-egg-shedding-over-a-1-year-period-in-foals-and-their-dams-in-2-farms-in-central-saskatchewan
#17
Elzbieta Misuno, Chris R Clark, Stacy L Anderson, Emily Jenkins, Brent Wagner, Katarzyna Dembek, Lyall Petrie
The goals of this study were to report the seasonal shedding patterns of strongyle and Parascaris spp. eggs in repeated fecal samples for mares ( n = 38) and foals ( n = 39), and to evaluate the efficacy of ivermectin treatment in mares from 2 selected horse breeding farms in central Saskatchewan. Median strongyle fecal egg counts (FEC) peaked in July and August in adult horses. The farms differed significantly ( P = 0.0005) in regard to strongyle shedding categories (< 200; 200 to 500; and > 500 eggs/g) over time, but for each individual horse (both farms combined) these categories did not differ over time ( P = 0...
March 2018: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595422/open-family-presence-adoption-role-of-patient-and-family-advisors
#18
Malori Keller, Jennifer Wright, Serese Selanders, Darlene Dyck
The philosophy of patient- and family-centred care is widely being adopted in Canada. Critical to this philosophy is the engagement of patients and families as full partners in healthcare. Saskatchewan has successfully adopted a provincial policy that eliminates restrictive visiting hours in hospitals and other healthcare facilities that support partnership with patients and families. This article explains the key role that patient and family advisors played in identifying the need for change and co-creating the implemented Open Family Presence Policy in Saskatchewan...
January 2018: Healthcare Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594641/life-interference-due-to-gambling-in-three-canadian-provinces
#19
Tracie O Afifi, Jitender Sareen, Tamara Taillieu, Sarah Turner, Janique Fortier
The gambling landscape among provinces in Canada is diverse. Yet, few studies have investigated provincial differences related to life interference due to gambling. The objectives of the current study were to examine: (1) provincial differences with regard to gambling types and (2) if gender, family history of gambling, and alcohol or drug use while gambling were related to an increased likelihood of life interference in three Canadian provinces. Data were drawn from the 2013 and 2014 cycles of the Canadian Community Health Survey from Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and British Columbia (n = 30,150)...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588975/a-comparison-of-waiting-times-for-assessment-and-epilepsy-surgery-between-a-canadian-and-a-mexican-referral-center
#20
Iris E Martínez-Juárez, Bianca Funes, Julio C Moreno-Castellanos, Elisa Bribiesca-Contreras, Verónica Martínez-Bustos, Lizeth Zertuche-Ortuño, Laura E Hernández-Vanegas, Lizbeth Hernandez Ronquillo, Syed Rizvi, Wu Adam, Jose F Tellez-Zenteno
Objective: To provide a comprehensive transnational overview of wait times for epilepsy surgery in Canada and Mexico. Methods: We reviewed all cases referred for epilepsy surgery between 2007 and 2015 at the Saskatchewan Epilepsy Program Royal University Hospital (SEP) (n = 70; Saskatoon, Canada) and the National Institute of Neurology and Neurosurgery (NINN) (n = 76; Mexico City, Mexico) and compared wait times, calculated as the time from diagnosis of epilepsy on assessment at an epilepsy center to epilepsy surgery...
December 2017: Epilepsia Open
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