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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531836/trauma-exposure-incident-psychiatric-disorders-and-disorder-transitions-in-a-longitudinal-population-representative-sample
#1
Kate Walsh, Katie A McLaughlin, Ava Hamilton, Katherine M Keyes
Heterotypic continuity, whereby individuals transition from one disorder to another, is common; however, longitudinal studies examining transdiagnostic predictors of heterotypic continuity are lacking. The current study examined whether trauma exposure during childhood (maltreatment) and adulthood (interpersonal and non-interpersonal trauma) is associated with heterotypic continuity in a national sample. Men and women (N = 34,653) who participated in Waves 1 (2001-2002) and 2 (2004-2005) of the National Survey of Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC) completed face-to-face interviews about trauma exposure and psychopathology...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528806/educational-neglect-understanding-20-years-of-child-welfare-trends
#2
Melissa Van Wert, Barbara Fallon, Nico Trocmé, Delphine Collin-Vézina
Educational neglect is an understudied phenomenon that is difficult to define and also to address. While it is clear that attending to children's academic needs is important to child development, few studies focus on educational neglect and therefore little is known about its associated risk factors and the outcomes following this form of maltreatment. The purpose of this research was to (a) determine the rate at which child welfare service providers investigate educational neglect in Canada and identify any trends in rates over time, (b) better understand educational neglect and its distinction from other types of neglect and truancy, and (c) understand how child welfare services respond to allegations of educational neglect...
May 18, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515026/corrigendum-to-development-of-a-prediction-model-for-child-maltreatment-recurrence-in-japan-a-historical-cohort-study-using-data-from-a-child-guidance-center-child-abuse-neglect-59-2016-55-65
#3
Hiroyuki Horikawa, S Pilar Suguimoto, Patou Masika Musumari, Teeranee Techasrivichien, Masako Ono-Kihara, Masahiro Kihara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509622/attachment-insecurity-as-a-mediator-of-the-relationship-between-childhood-trauma-and-adult-dissociation
#4
Seong Sook Kong, Dae Ryong Kang, Min Jung Oh, Nam Hee Kim
This study aimed to investigate whether attachment insecurity mediates the relationship between childhood trauma and adult dissociation, specifically in regards to individual forms of childhood maltreatment. Psychiatric outpatients who visited a specialized trauma clinic (n = 115) participated in the study. Data were collected via the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, Revised Adult Attachment Scale, and Dissociative Experience Scale. Structural equation modeling and path analysis were performed to analyze the mediating effects of attachment insecurity on the relationship between childhood trauma and adult dissociation...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508738/social-ecological-predictors-of-externalizing-behavior-trajectories-in-at-risk-youth
#5
Caleb J Figge, Cecilia Martinez-Torteya, Jessica E Weeks
Extant research consistently links youth externalizing problems and later maladaptive outcomes, and these behaviors are particularly detrimental given their relative stability across development. Although an array of risk and protective factors for externalizing problems have been identified, few studies have examined factors reflecting the multiple social-ecological levels that influence child development and used them to predict longitudinal trajectories of externalizing problems. The current study examined externalizing behavior trajectories in a sample of 1,094 at-risk youth (539 boys, 555 girls) from the Longitudinal Studies in Child Abuse and Neglect multisite longitudinal study of child maltreatment...
May 16, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505501/cognitive-affective-depression-and-somatic-symptoms-clusters-are-differentially-associated-with-maternal-parenting-and-coparenting
#6
Diogo Lamela, Inês Jongenelen, Ana Morais, Bárbara Figueiredo
BACKGROUND: Both depressive and somatic symptoms are significant predictors of parenting and coparenting problems. However, despite clear evidence of their co-occurrence, no study to date has examined the association between depressive-somatic symptoms clusters and parenting and coparenting. The current research sought to identify and cross-validate clusters of cognitive-affective depressive symptoms and nonspecific somatic symptoms, as well as to test whether clusters would differ on parenting and coparenting problems across three independent samples of mothers...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500923/history-injury-and-psychosocial-risk-factor-commonalities-among-cases-of-fatal-and-near-fatal-physical-child-abuse
#7
Mary Clyde Pierce, Kim Kaczor, Deborah Acker, Tina Webb, Allen Brenzel, Douglas J Lorenz, Audrey Young, Richard Thompson
Failure to recognize child maltreatment results in chronic exposure to high-risk environments where re-injury or death may occur. We analyzed a series (n=20) of fatal (n=10) and near-fatal (n=10) physical child abuse cases from the Commonwealth of Kentucky to identify commonalities and determine whether indicators of maltreatment were present prior to the child's fatal or near-fatal event. We conducted retrospective state record reviews involving children <4years of age classified as physical child abuse by the Cabinet for Health and Family Services during a 12 month period...
May 10, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492165/-the-contribution-of-legal-medicine-in-child-protection-presentation-of-a-multidisciplinary-approach
#8
J Hiquet, E Christin, O Dubourg, J Fougas, C Baup, G Brunet, J Millington, N Grosleron, S Gromb-Monnoyeur
INTRODUCTION: Maltreatment is a complex issue and therefore, requires a multidisciplinary approach, which has been commonly used in North America since the 1980s but remains unsystematic in France. Since 1999, the Centre d'Accueil en Urgence des Victimes d'Agression (emergency unit for victims of assault) of the Bordeaux University Hospital has brought together various medical, paramedical, and social actors on this issue. A standardized psychosocial assessment procedure has been introduced and is detailed in this paper, and was consistently conducted in all cases of suspicion of abuse on a minor...
December 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486160/predictors-of-substantiated-re-reports-in-a-sample-of-children-with-initial-unsubstantiated-reports
#9
Merav Jedwab, Donna Harrington, Howard Dubowitz
Many children with unsubstantiated reports of child abuse and neglect repeatedly return to the child protection system, indicating that unsubstantiated reports may represent actual child maltreatment or risk for future maltreatment. Identifying patterns of re-reporting and predictors that may be associated with later substantiated re-reporting could help to identify children who are very likely to be maltreated. This knowledge may guide the development of policies and interventions to prevent further maltreatment and the risk for re-reports...
May 6, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483290/school-connectedness-and-high-school-graduation-among-maltreated-youth
#10
Allison Lemkin, Caroline J Kistin, Howard J Cabral, Ann Aschengrau, Megan Bair-Merritt
Maltreated youth have higher rates of school dropout than their non-maltreated peers. School connectedness is a modifiable predictor of school success. We hypothesized maltreated youth's school connectedness (supportive relationships with adults at school and participation in school clubs) would be positively associated with high school graduation. We included youth with at least one Child Protective Services (CPS) report by age twelve from Longitudinal Studies of Child Abuse and Neglect, a prospective cohort study...
May 5, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481563/mother-child-interactions-at-six-months-postpartum-are-not-predicted-by-maternal-histories-of-abuse-and-neglect-or-maltreatment-type
#11
Minden B Sexton, Margaret T Davis, Rena Menke, Greer A Raggio, Maria Muzik
OBJECTIVE: A history of childhood maltreatment (CM) is associated with increased rates of maternal psychiatric symptoms and other adverse outcomes in adulthood among postpartum women. However, to date only a few studies have examined associations between CM and mother-child interactions among a nonclinical sample of postpartum women, and the specific potential influence of the type of abuse or neglect is poorly understood. This study was an aim to examine the relationships between CM types and observed parenting in a nonclinical group of recently postpartum mothers with maltreatment histories...
May 8, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471337/childhood-maltreatment-and-child-protective-services-involvement-among-the-commercially-sexually-exploited-a-comparison-of-women-who-enter-as-juveniles-or-as-adults
#12
Andrea N Cimino, Elissa E Madden, Kris Hohn, Courtney M Cronley, Jaya B Davis, Karen Magruder, M Alexis Kennedy
A risk for commercial sexual exploitation is childhood maltreatment. It's unknown whether juveniles in commercial sexual exploitation experience more childhood maltreatment than adults or how involved child protective services is in investigating maltreatment, a focus of this study. Women (N = 96) who sold sex commercially completed a cross-sectional questionnaire. Descriptive statistics, t tests, chi-squares, and odds ratios were used to examine differences in background, childhood maltreatment, and child protective services involvement by juvenile or adult entry...
April 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469701/infants-and-the-decision-to-provide-ongoing-child-welfare-services
#13
Joanne Filippelli, Barbara Fallon, Nico Trocmé, Esme Fuller-Thomson, Tara Black
BACKGROUND: Infants are the most likely recipients of child welfare services; however, little is known about infants and families who come into contact with the child welfare system and factors that are associated with service provision. Investigations involving infants and their families present an unparalleled opportunity for the child welfare sector to enhance infants' safety and well-being through early identification, referral and intervention. Understanding how the child welfare system responds to the unique needs of infants and caregivers is critical to developing appropriate practice and policy responses within the child welfare sector and across other allied sectors...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467103/pathways-linking-childhood-maltreatment-and-adolescent-sexual-risk-behaviors-the-role-of-attachment-security
#14
Marie-Eve Thibodeau, Francine Lavoie, Martine Hébert, Martin Blais
Previous research has shown an association between child maltreatment (sexual abuse, physical abuse, neglect, or witnessing interparental violence) and adolescent sexual risk behaviors (SRBs). The mechanisms explaining this association are not well understood, but attachment theory could provide further insight into them. This study examined the relationships between child maltreatment and SRBs and investigated anxious and avoidant attachment as mediators. The sample comprised 1,900 sexually active adolescents (13 to 17 years old; 60...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464173/diagnosis-of-child-maltreatment-a-family-medicine-physician-s-dilemma
#15
Kehinde Eniola, Lori Evarts
OBJECTIVES: Cases of child maltreatment (CM) in the United States remain high, and primary care providers lack the confidence and training to diagnose these cases. This study provides recommendations to improve family medicine physicians' confidence in diagnosing CM. METHODS: We e-mailed an electronic survey to family medicine residents and physicians practicing in the United States. Responses were collected during August and September 2015. Respondents were asked about their familiarity and competence level regarding the diagnosis of CM...
May 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460367/a-retrospective-study-with-icast-r-ispcan-child-abuse-screening-tools-retrospective-questionnaire-for-determination-of-child-abuse-in-first-year-medical-students-in-turkish-population
#16
Erdem Simsek, Sevay Alsen Guney, Serpil Ugur Baysal
Child Abuse and Neglect (CAN) is an important problem both in Turkey and worldwide. Unfortunately, we still don't have enough and reliable data on this important subject. In this study, we aimed to investigate the prevalence of childhood maltreatment in a population of first year medical students in a Turkish university using the retrospective version of the ISPCAN Child Abuse Screening Tool (ICAST-R). One hundred seventy three first year medical students, aged between 18 and 24 years, who agreed to complete the ICAST-R questionnaire, were recruited in our study...
April 28, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457581/attitudes-beliefs-and-perceived-norms-about-corporal-punishment-and-related-training-needs-among-members-of-the-american-professional-society-on-the-abuse-of-children
#17
Catherine A Taylor, Julia M Fleckman, Shawna J Lee
Hitting children for disciplinary purposes (i.e., spanking or corporal punishment [CP]) is a strong risk factor for child physical abuse and is highly prevalent in the U.S. Yet, little is currently known about the relevant attitudes, beliefs, or training needs of key professionals who often advise parents regarding child discipline strategies. A survey of the American Professional Society on the Abuse of Children (APSAC) membership, comprised of mental health professionals, physicians, child welfare professionals, and other professionals in the child maltreatment field, was conducted to assess attitudes, beliefs, perceived norms, training needs, and motivations to change norms regarding CP (N=571, response rate=51%)...
April 27, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456069/child-maltreatment-in-u-s-emergency-departments-imaging-and-admissions
#18
Krista K Wheeler, Junxin Shi, Henry Xiang, Kathy J Haley, Jonathan I Groner
OBJECTIVE: We report imaging and admission ratios for children with definitive and suggestive maltreatment in a national sample of emergency departments (EDs). METHODS: Using the 2012 Nationwide Emergency Department Sample (NEDS), we generated national estimates of ED visits for children <10 years with both definitive and suggestive maltreatment. Outcomes were admission/transfer ratios for children <10years and screening ratios by skeletal surveys and head computed tomography (CT) for children <2 years with suspected physical abuse...
April 28, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456068/summary-of-comparison-between-fft-cw-%C3%A2-and-usual-care-sample-from-administration-for-children-s-services
#19
Charles W Turner, Michael S Robbins, Sylvia Rowlands, Lisa R Weaver
This evaluation compared the efficiency and effectiveness of Functional Family Therapy-Child Welfare (FFT-CW(®), n=1625) to Usual Care (UC: n=2250) in reducing child maltreatment. FFT-CW(®) is a continuum of care model based on the family's risk status. In a child welfare setting, families received either UC or FFT-CW(®) in a quasi-experimental, stepped wedge design across all five boroughs of New York City. The families were matched using stratified propensity scoring on their pre-service risk status and followed for 16 months...
April 26, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455636/childhood-neglect-internalizing-symptoms-and-adolescent-substance-use-does-the-neighborhood-context-matter
#20
Erinn B Duprey, Assaf Oshri, Margaret O Caughy
Childhood neglect is associated with risk behaviors in adolescence, including substance use. There is evidence that internalizing behaviors may serve as a mechanism linking childhood neglect and substance use; however, further research is needed to examine this developmental pathway. According to developmental and ecological approaches, the neighborhood context and the developmental timing of maltreatment should both be considered when examining the sequelae of childhood neglect. Hence, the present study uses a longitudinal sample of youth (N = 965, 49...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
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