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Child maltreatment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438523/predictors-of-early-childbirth-among-female-adolescents-in-foster-care
#1
Bryn King, Melissa Van Wert
PURPOSE: Placement into foster care is driven by a number of factors, many of which are associated with adolescent childbirth. Yet, there are few studies that identify the experiences and characteristics that predict adolescent childbirth among girls who spend time in foster care. METHODS: A longitudinal, population-based data set was constructed by probabilistically matching California child protective service records for female foster youth to maternal information available on vital birth records for children born between 2001 and 2010...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437730/the-practice-of-prosecuting-child-maltreatment-results-of-an-online-survey-of-prosecutors
#2
Theodore P Cross, Debra Whitcomb
Despite efforts by advocates, practitioners, and legislators to alleviate the burden on child maltreatment victims in the criminal justice system, many challenges remain for prosecutors as they seek to hold offenders accountable while minimizing the emotional impact on children. More than 200 state and local prosecutors in 37 states responded to an online survey to share their perspectives on current challenges, procedures to support children in the adjudication process, and the impact of the U.S. Supreme Court opinion in Crawford v...
April 21, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433086/intergenerational-transmission-of-maternal-childhood-maltreatment-exposure-implications-for-fetal-brain-development
#3
REVIEW
Claudia Buss, Sonja Entringer, Nora K Moog, Philipp Toepfer, Damien A Fair, Hyagriv N Simhan, Christine M Heim, Pathik D Wadhwa
OBJECTIVE: Growing evidence suggests the deleterious consequences of exposure to childhood maltreatment (CM) not only might endure over the exposed individual's lifespan but also might be transmitted across generations. The time windows, mechanisms, and targets of such intergenerational transmission are poorly understood. The prevailing paradigm posits that mother-to-child transmission of the effects of maternal CM likely occurs after her child's birth. The authors seek to extend this paradigm and advance a transdisciplinary framework that integrates the concepts of biological embedding of life experiences and fetal origins of health and disease risk...
May 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430388/associations-between-childhood-maltreatment-and-non-medical-use-of-prescription-drugs-among-chinese-adolescents
#4
Lan Guo, Yan Xu, Jianxiong Deng, Xue Gao, Guoliang Huang, Jinghui Huang, Xueqing Deng, Wei-Hong Zhang, Ciyong Lu
AIMS: To test, among Chinese adolescents: (1) whether childhood maltreatment is associated with non-medical use of prescription drugs (NMUPD), (2) whether there are interaction effects of childhood maltreatment and depressive symptoms on NMUPD. DESIGN: A secondary analysis of the cross-sectional data collected from 7(th) and 12(th) graders who were sampled using a multistage, stratified cluster, random sampling method in the 2015 School-based Chinese Adolescents Health Survey (SCAHS)...
April 21, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421024/family-and-individual-risk-and-protective-factors-of-depression-among-chinese-migrant-children-with-oppositional-defiant-disorder-symptoms
#5
Xu Liu, Xiuyun Lin, Qing Zhou, Nan Zhou, Yanbin Li, Danhua Lin
Migrant children reached 35.81 million in China and were vulnerable to serious emotional problems including depression. The present study aimed to identify the family and individual risk and protective factors for depression in an at-risk sample of Chinese migrant children. Participants were 368 children (9.47 ± 1.46 years old, 73.4% boys) who had at least one symptom of Oppositional Defiant Disorder symptoms (ODD) and their parents in Mainland China. Risk and protective factors within both family (i.e., family maltreatment and family functioning) and individual (i...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420492/commentary-on-research-priorities-for-a-multicenter-child-abuse-pediatrics-network-capnet-by-lindberg-d-et-al-2017-need-for-internationally-agreed-definitions-of-child-maltreatment-for-research-purposes
#6
REVIEW
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420377/the-association-between-child-maltreatment-and-emotional-cognitive-and-physical-health-functioning-in-vietnam
#7
Nhu K Tran, Sheila R Van Berkel, Marinus H van IJzendoorn, Lenneke R A Alink
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of research on correlates of child maltreatment in limited-resource countries with a relatively high tolerance of harsh discipline. This Vietnamese study aimed to investigate associations between different types of child maltreatment and child emotional, cognitive, and physical health functioning as well as moderation effects of gender and ethnicity. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted with 1851 randomly selected students aged 12-17 years...
April 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414491/associations-between-emotional-abuse-and-neglect-and-dimensions-of-alexithymia-the-moderating-role-of-sex
#8
Shaquanna Brown, Paula J Fite, Katie Stone, Allora Richey, Marco Bortolato
OBJECTIVE: Child maltreatment, specifically emotional maltreatment (i.e., an act, such as belittling, blaming, or rejection, that is potentially harmful to a child's emotional development), has emerged as an important correlate of alexithymia. However, the evidence is mixed with regard to how emotional abuse and neglect might relate to dimensions of alexithymia (i.e., externally oriented thinking, difficulty describing feelings, and difficulty identifying feelings). Furthermore, research is needed to identify individual factors that might influence these associations...
April 17, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413922/child-maltreatment-welcomes-new-board-members
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413920/first-births-to-maltreated-adolescent-girls-differences-associated-with-spending-time-in-foster-care
#10
Bryn King
Few studies have examined early parenting among girls receiving child welfare services (CWS) or disentangled the relationship between maltreatment, spending time in foster care, and adolescent childbirth. Using population-based, linked administrative data, this study calculated birth rates among maltreated adolescent girls and assessed differences in birth rates associated with spending time in foster care. Of the 85,766 girls with substantiated allegations of maltreatment during adolescence, nearly 18% subsequently gave birth...
May 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413919/examining-child-welfare-decisions-and-services-for-asian-canadian-versus-white-canadian-children-and-families-in-the-child-welfare-system
#11
Barbara Lee, Esme Fuller-Thomson, Barbara Fallon, Tara Black, Nico Trocmé
Using administrative child welfare data from the Ontario Child Abuse and Neglect Data System (OCANDS), this study compared the profiles of Asian-Canadian and White-Canadian children and families that experienced a case closure after an investigation instead of being transferred to ongoing child protection services (CPS). Child protection investigations involving Asian-Canadian and White-Canadian children and families that were transferred to ongoing CPS presented a different profile of case characteristics and caregiver and child clinical needs...
May 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413917/is-the-families-first-home-visiting-program-effective-in-reducing-child-maltreatment-and-improving-child-development
#12
Mariette J Chartier, Marni D Brownell, Michael R Isaac, Dan Chateau, Nathan C Nickel, Alan Katz, Joykrishna Sarkar, Milton Hu, Carole Taylor
While home visiting programs are among the most widespread interventions to support at-risk families, there is a paucity of research investigating these programs under real-world conditions. The effectiveness of Families First home visiting (FFHV) was examined for decreasing rates of being in care of child welfare, decreasing hospitalizations for maltreatment-related injuries, and improving child development at school entry. Data for 4,562 children from home visiting and 5,184 comparison children were linked to deidentified administrative health, social services, and education data...
May 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413210/acute-pulmonary-thromboembolism-in-a-case-of-fatal-child-abuse
#13
R Rahimi, Z F Zulkifli, E Omar, H Ismail, S Md Noor
Child abuse is a worldwide problem. The four major types of abuse include physical abuse, child neglect, psychological maltreatment and sexual violence. We describe a fatal case of child abuse which presented with numerous old and recent soft tissue injuries all over the body. The injuries on the legs have immobilized the victim for quite some time, giving rise to deep vein thrombosis, leading to death as a result of acute pulmonary thromboembolism. This case demonstrates presence of both elements of abuse and neglect in one victim...
April 2017: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407233/language-disorder-and-retrospectively-reported-sexual-abuse-of-girls-severity-and-disclosure
#14
E B Brownlie, Eva Graham, Lin Bao, Emiko Koyama, Joseph H Beitchman
BACKGROUND: Despite emerging evidence for an association between communication disorders and maltreatment, little research has examined sexual abuse characteristics or disclosure experiences among individuals with language disorder (LD). Given that communication difficulties may constitute a barrier to disclosure, the disclosure experiences among individuals with and without communication difficulties may also differ. METHODS: Five-year-old children identified with a language and/or speech disorder from a nonclinical community sample and a control group were followed to adulthood in a prospective longitudinal study...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403680/examining-the-relationship-between-child-maltreatment-and-school-performance-in-public-schools-in-saudi-arabia-a-pilot-study
#15
Dana Altamimi, Maha Almuneef, Fadia Albuhairan, Hassan Saleheen
AIMS: The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between child maltreatment (CM) and school performance among adolescents in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, in 2014. The enrolment criteria included both male and female Saudi students ( n=674; 52.7% male) aged 12-19 years ( Mage=15.6±1.6 years), attending intermediate and secondary schools belonging to the Ministry of National Guard. A self-administered questionnaire was used to gather information on different forms of abuse that had occurred in the past or were currently occurring...
April 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401847/enhancing-executive-functioning-among-toddlers-in-foster-care-with-an-attachment-based-intervention
#16
Teresa Lind, K Lee Raby, E B Caron, Caroline K P Roben, Mary Dozier
Young children in foster care often experience adversity, such as maltreatment and lack of stability in early caregiving relationships. As a result, these children are at risk for a range of problems, including deficits in executive functioning. The Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-up for Toddlers (ABC-T) intervention was designed to help foster parents behave in ways that promote the development of young children's emerging self-regulatory capabilities. Participants included 173 parent-toddler dyads in three groups: foster families that were randomly assigned to receive either the ABC-T intervention (n = 63) or a control intervention (n = 58), as well as low-risk parent-toddler dyads from intact families (n = 52)...
May 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395846/pathways-between-childhood-trauma-intimate-partner-violence-and-harsh-parenting-findings-from-the-un-multi-country-study-on-men-and-violence-in-asia-and-the-pacific
#17
Emma Fulu, Stephanie Miedema, Tim Roselli, Sarah McCook, Ko Ling Chan, Regine Haardörfer, Rachel Jewkes
BACKGROUND: Although childhood trauma and violence against women are global public health issues, few population-based data from low-income and middle-income countries exist about the links between them. We present data from the UN Multi-country Study on Men and Violence in Asia and the Pacific, exploring the pathways between different forms of childhood trauma and violence against women. METHODS: In this multicountry study, we interviewed multistage representative samples of men and women, aged 18-49 years, in Asia and the Pacific, using standardised population-based household surveys...
May 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392674/interventions-to-improve-the-response-of-professionals-to-children-exposed-to-domestic-violence-and-abuse-a-systematic-review
#18
William Turner, Marianne Hester, Jonathan Broad, Eszter Szilassy, Gene Feder, Jessica Drinkwater, Adam Firth, Nicky Stanley
Exposure of children to domestic violence and abuse (DVA) is a form of child maltreatment with short- and long-term behavioural and mental health impact. Health care professionals are generally uncertain about how to respond to domestic violence and are particularly unclear about best practice with regards to children's exposure and their role in a multiagency response. In this systematic review, we report educational and structural or whole-system interventions that aim to improve professionals' understanding of, and response to, DVA survivors and their children...
January 2017: Child Abuse Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391075/trauma-symptom-profiles-of-adolescents-in-child-welfare
#19
Elena Gallitto, Jennifer Lyons, Kelly Weegar, Elisa Romano
In the province of Ontario (Canada), over 28,900 adolescents are investigated by child welfare agencies each year because of suspected maltreatment. Exposure to childhood maltreatment represents a major threat to the psychological well-being of young people, particularly in terms of trauma-related stress. The present study investigated trauma symptom profiles among 479 adolescents (13-17 years) involved with the Canadian child welfare system between 2003 and 2010. Latent profile analysis identified three profiles using self-report data from the Trauma Symptom Checklist for Children...
April 6, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386396/letter-to-the-editor-child-maltreatment-between-knowledge-attitude-and-beliefs-among-saudi-pediatricians-pediatric-residency-trainees-and-medical-students
#20
Mohamad Al-Othman, Mohamad-Hani Temsah, Fatima Al-Haidar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
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