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Child maltreatment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909390/child-welfare-involved-parents-and-pathways-triple-p-perceptions-of-program-acceptability-and-appropriateness
#1
Ericka M Lewis, Megan Feely, Kristen D Seay, Nicole Fedoravicis, Patricia L Kohl
Nearly half of children in the child welfare system have clinically significant behavior problems and are at risk of developing disruptive behavioral disorders. Yet, behavioral parent training interventions, which are the most effective way to treat these problems, are rarely provided to child welfare involved families. As a result, little is known about the acceptability and appropriateness of these parent training interventions with these families. This qualitative study explored implementation outcomes of an evidenced-based parenting intervention, Pathways Triple P, with families in the child welfare system...
December 2016: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895198/autism-and-reactive-attachment-disinhibited-social-engagement-disorders-co-occurrence-and-differentiation
#2
Susan Dickerson Mayes, Susan L Calhoun, Daniel A Waschbusch, Raman Baweja
DSM-5 (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition) Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD) and Disinhibited Social Engagement Disorder (DSED) are rare disorders sharing social difficulties with autism. The DSM-5 and ICD-10 (International Classification of Diseases, 10th revsion) state that RAD/DSED should not be diagnosed in children with autism. The purpose of our study is to determine whether children can meet criteria for both autism and RAD/DSED and to identify specific symptoms discriminating the disorders...
November 28, 2016: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893581/the-effect-of-socioeconomic-status-and-parental-demographics-on-activation-of-department-of-child-and-family-services-in-pediatric-burn-injury
#3
Jessica K Campos, Yee M Wong, Brittany N Hasty, Kelly A McElligott, Michael J Mosier
Burns resulting from child maltreatment are tragic causes of significant morbidity and mortality, most commonly affecting children under 3 years of age. More than one third of nonaccidental burns occur in single-parent homes or have parents with history of mental illness, substance abuse, incarceration, or Department of Children and Family Services (DCFS) involvement. The authors sought to profile pediatric burn injuries associated with DCFS investigations. They performed a retrospective chart review of pediatric burn patients, admitted between January 1, 2011 and December 31, 2014...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889563/parent-and-peer-pathways-linking-childhood-experiences-of-abuse-with-marijuana-use-in-adolescence-and-adulthood
#4
W Alex Mason, M Jean Russo, Mary B Chmelka, Roy C Herrenkohl, Todd I Herrenkohl
INTRODUCTION: The social developmental processes by which child maltreatment increases risk for marijuana use are understudied. This study examined hypothesized parent and peer pathways linking preschool abuse and sexual abuse with adolescent and adult marijuana use. METHODS: Analyses used data from the Lehigh Longitudinal Study. Measures included child abuse (physical abuse, emotional abuse, domestic violence, and neglect) in preschool, sexual abuse up to age 18, adolescent (average age=18years) parental attachment and peer marijuana approval/use, as well as adolescent and adult (average age=36years) marijuana use...
November 17, 2016: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888737/an-intervention-to-improve-sibling-relationship-quality-among-youth-in-foster-care-results-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#5
Brianne H Kothari, Bowen McBeath, Paul Sorenson, Lew Bank, Jeff Waid, Sara Jade Webb, Joel Steele
Sibling programming is an important part of a prevention framework, particularly for youth in foster care. After children are removed from their families and placed into foster care in the aftermath of maltreatment, the sibling relationship is often the most viable ongoing relationship available to the child, and may be critical to a youth's sense of connection, emotional support, and continuity. The promise of dyadic sibling programming in particular rests on the ability of interventions to enhance the quality of sibling relationships; yet little research exists that suggests that sibling interventions can improve relationship quality among foster youth...
November 23, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886518/maltreatment-family-environment-and-social-risk-factors-determinants-of-the-child-welfare-to-juvenile-justice-transition-among-maltreated-children-and-adolescents
#6
Sarah Vidal, Dana Prince, Christian M Connell, Colleen M Caron, Joy S Kaufman, Jacob K Tebes
This study prospectively examines the transition from the child welfare system into the juvenile justice system among 10,850 maltreated children and adolescents and explores how patterns of risks, including severity and chronicity of maltreatment, adverse family environment, and social risk factors, affect service systems transition. Almost three percent of maltreated children and adolescents had their first juvenile justice adjudication within an average of approximately six years of their initial child protective services investigation (CPS)...
November 22, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884508/adverse-childhood-experiences-and-behavioral-problems-in-middle-childhood
#7
Tenah K A Hunt, Lawrence M Berger, Kristen S Slack
Children who have been exposed to maltreatment and other adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are at increased risk for various negative adult health outcomes, including cancer, liver disease, substance abuse, and depression. However, the proximal associations between ACEs and behavioral outcomes during the middle childhood years have been understudied. In addition, many of the ACE studies contain methodological limitations such as reliance on retrospective reports and limited generalizability to populations of lower socioeconomic advantage...
November 21, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884506/family-abduction-in-a-national-sample-of-us-children
#8
David Finkelhor, Megan Henly, Heather Turner, Sherry Hamby
This study examined the prevalence and characteristics of family abduction episodes occurring in a nationally representative sample of US children ages 0-17. It drew on the experiences of 13,052 children and youth from the aggregation of three cross-sectional waves (2008, 2011, and 2014) of the National Surveys of Children Exposed to Violence. The overall prevalence rate was 4.1% for a lifetime and 1.2% for a past year episode. Rates were higher for younger than older children. Parents constituted 90% of the abductors with females outnumbering males 60% to 40%, although men outnumbered women as perpetrators for certain types of abductions...
November 21, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881240/risk-factors-for-fatal-and-non-fatal-child-maltreatment-in-families-previously-investigated-by-cps-a-case-control-study
#9
Sheridan Miyamoto, Patrick S Romano, Emily Putnam-Hornstein, Holly Thurston, Madan Dharmar, Jill G Joseph
The objective of this study was to identify individual, family and caregiver risk factors for serious child maltreatment, resulting in hospitalization or death, among children and families investigated by Child Protective Services (CPS). We conducted a matched case-control study of 234 children who sustained fatal or serious nonfatal maltreatment due to physical abuse or neglect and whose mother was named in a CPS investigation between 1999 and 2013. A total of 702 children and their caregivers were included in the study with 234 cases matched 2:1,resulting in 468 controls...
November 20, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878912/maternal-sensitivity-in-mothers-with-mild-intellectual-disabilities-is-related-to-experiences-of-maltreatment-and-predictive-of-child-attachment-a-matched-comparison-study
#10
Lene Lindberg, Mari Fransson, Tommie Forslund, Lydia Springer, Pehr Granqvist
BACKGROUND: Scientific knowledge on the quality of caregiving/maternal sensitivity among mothers with mild intellectual disabilities (ID) is limited and subject to many methodological shortcomings, but seems to suggest that these mothers are less sensitive than mothers without intellectual disabilities. METHODS: In this matched-comparison study (N = 48), the present authors observed maternal sensitivity for 20 min in four different laboratory play situations...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878826/a-multifaceted-risk-analysis-of-fathers-self-reported-physical-violence-toward-their-children
#11
Noora Ellonen, Kirsi Peltonen, Tarja Pösö, Staffan Janson
Existing research has shown that child maltreatment is carried out by both mothers and fathers. There is also an extensive body of literature analyzing reasons for mothers' violent behavior. Among fathers, reasons are less well studied, resulting in the lack of a comprehensive picture of paternal child abuse. In this study, 20 child-, parent-, and family-related factors have been included in a combined analysis to assess which of these may pose a risk for fathers' severe violent behavior toward their children...
November 23, 2016: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878415/direct-and-indirect-effects-of-maltreatment-and-social-support-on-children-s-social-competence-across-reporters
#12
Laura E Miller-Graff, Kathryn H Howell, Cecilia Martinez-Torteya, Katherine Grein
Children's social competence is a key characteristic of resilience, yet little research has assessed contributing factors to this construct. The objectives of this study were to examine direct and indirect effects of maltreatment on children's social competence, the promotive role of child and caregiver social support, and factors contributing to reports of child social competence across informants. Structural equation modeling evaluated the influence of CPS report history, child adjustment, and child and caregiver social support on child social competence in n = 783 caregiver-child dyads...
November 22, 2016: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870760/systematic-braiding-of-2-evidence-based-parent-training-programs-qualitative-results-from-the-pilot-phase
#13
Kate Guastaferro, Katy Miller, Jenelle R Shanley Chatham, Daniel J Whitaker, Kate McGilly, John R Lutzker
An effective approach in early intervention for children and families, including child maltreatment prevention, is home-based services. Although several evidence-based programs exist, they are often grouped or delivered together, despite having different foci and approaches. This article describes the development and pilot phases of a trial evaluating the systematic braiding of 2 evidence-based home-based models, SafeCare and Parents as Teachers. We describe the methodology for braiding model implementation and curriculum, specifically focusing on how structured qualitative feedback from pilot families and providers was used to create the braided curriculum and implementation...
January 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868422/correction-to-dennison-et-al-2016
#14
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Neurobehavioral markers of resilience to depression amongst adolescents exposed to child abuse" by Meg J. Dennison, Margaret A. Sheridan, Daniel S. Busso, Jessica L. Jenness, Matthew Peverill, Maya L. Rosen and Katie A. McLaughlin (Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 2016[Nov], Vol 125[8], 1201-1212). In the original record, there was an error in the title. The word "Adolescents" was singular. The online version of this article has been corrected.(The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2016-52992-014...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865013/dancing-around-families-neonatal-nurses-and-child-protection
#15
Tina Saltmarsh, Denise Wilson
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the processes neonatal intensive care nurses used in their child protection role with pre-term infants. BACKGROUND: Neonatal nurses' screening for family violence is important in identifying at-risk preterm infants requiring protection upon discharge from neonatal intensive care settings. We know little about neonatal nurses and their role in child protection. DESIGN: A qualitative research design using Glaserian Grounded Theory...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845521/adolescents-experience-of-parental-psychological-caregiving-and-neglect-construct-development
#16
Sharon L Christ, Yoon Young Kwak, Ting Lu
Psychological or emotional neglect is a recognized form of child maltreatment in the United States. However, neglect as a form of maltreatment and particularly psychological neglect as a subtype are understudied relative to other forms of maltreatment. One reason for this is that few measures of psychological (or emotional) neglect are available and there remains some uncertainty about how to define and measure it. In this article, we put forth a theoretical definition of psychological caregiving, including omission of care or psychological neglect of adolescents by their primary caregivers...
August 15, 2016: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842522/what-is-the-impact-of-child-abuse-on-gray-matter-abnormalities-in-individuals-with-major-depressive-disorder-a-case-control-study
#17
Sung Jun Ahn, Sunghyon Kyeong, Sang Hyun Suh, Jae-Jin Kim, Tae-Sub Chung, Jeong-Ho Seok
BACKGROUND: Patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) present heterogeneous clinical symptoms, and childhood abuse is associated with deepening of psychopathology. The aim of this study was to identify structural brain abnormalities in MDD and to assess further differences in gray matter density (GMD) associated with childhood abuse in MDD. METHODS: Differences in regional GMD between 34 MDD patients and 26 healthy controls were assessed using magnetic resonance imaging and optimized voxel-based morphometry...
November 14, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837009/a-technology-mediated-approach-to-the-implementation-of-an-evidence-based-child-maltreatment-prevention-program
#18
Shannon R Self-Brown, Melissa C Osborne, Whitney Rostad, Ed Feil
Implementation of evidence-based parenting programs is critical for parents at-risk for child maltreatment perpetration; however, widespread use of effective programs is limited in both child welfare and prevention settings. This exploratory study sought to examine whether a technology-mediated approach to SafeCare(®) delivery can feasibly assist newly trained providers in achieving successful implementation outcomes. Thirty-one providers working in child welfare or high-risk prevention settings were randomized to either SafeCare Implementation with Technology-Assistance (SC-TA) or SafeCare Implementation as Usual (SC-IU)...
November 11, 2016: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836161/violence-by-parents-against-their-children-reporting-of-maltreatment-suspicions-child-protection-and-risk-in-mental-illness
#19
REVIEW
Miranda McEwan, Susan Hatters Friedman
Psychiatrists are mandated to report suspicions of child abuse in America. Potential for harm to children should be considered when one is treating parents who are at risk. Although it is the commonly held wisdom that mental illness itself is a major risk factor for child abuse, there are methodologic issues with studies purporting to demonstrate this. Rather, the risk from an individual parent must be considered. Substance abuse and personality disorder pose a separate risk than serious mental illness. Violence risk from mental illness is dynamic, rather than static...
December 2016: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832068/time-dependent-changes-in-t1-during-fracture-healing-in-juvenile-rats-a-quantitative-mr-approach
#20
Katharina Baron, Bernhard Neumayer, Eva Amerstorfer, Eva Scheurer, Clemens Diwoky, Rudolf Stollberger, Hanna Sprenger, Annelie M Weinberg
Quantitative magnetic resonance imaging (qMRI) offers several advantages in imaging and determination of soft tissue alterations when compared to qualitative imaging techniques. Although applications in brain and muscle tissues are well studied, its suitability to quantify relaxation times of intact and injured bone tissue, especially in children, is widely unknown. The objective observation of a fracture including its age determination can become of legal interest in cases of child abuse or maltreatment. Therefore, the aim of this study is the determination of time dependent changes in intact and corresponding injured bones in immature rats via qMRI, to provide the basis for an objective and radiation-free approach for fracture dating...
2016: PloS One
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