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Child maltreatment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816484/implementation-and-evaluation-of-a-parenting-program-to-prevent-child-maltreatment-in-suriname
#1
Inger W van der Kooij, Shandra Bipat, Frits Boer, Ramón J L Lindauer, Tobi L G Graafsma
The prevention of child maltreatment has become a global health concern because child maltreatment is a violation of children's rights. Across the world, a variety of parenting programs have been developed to address this problem. However, no such parenting program currently exists in Suriname. This pilot study aimed to implement Lobi Mi Pikin (LMP) parenting program in Suriname and to evaluate its effects on corporal punishment (CP) and child behavioral problems. Parents-caregivers (N = 70) of children (ages 3-12 years) with externalizing behavioral problems participated in a protocoled parenting program...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813275/child-maltreatment-the-central-roles-of-parenting-capacities-and-attachment
#2
REVIEW
Chantal Cyr, Lenneke Ra Alink
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809059/knowledge-attitudes-and-behaviours-of-healthcare-professionals-regarding-child-maltreatment-in-china
#3
X Li, Q Yue, S Wang, H Wang, J Jiang, L Gong, W Liu, X Huang, T Xu
BACKGROUND: A new, recently issued national law and regulation in China conferred the responsibility of healthcare professionals in child maltreatment intervention. However, few studies have reported on the recognition and reporting of child maltreatment by healthcare professionals in China. The aim of this study was to assess healthcare professionals' knowledge, attitudes, and self-perceived behaviour in terms of identifying, assessing, and reporting child maltreatment cases in China...
August 15, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806991/the-impact-of-an-educational-program-on-recognition-treatment-and-report-of-child-abuse
#4
Pietro Ferrara, Antonio Gatto, Nunzia Pia Manganelli, Francesca Ianniello, Maria Elisa Amodeo, Maria Amato, Ida Giardino, Antonio Chiaretti
BACKGROUND: Pediatricians play a crucial role in the identification and management of child abuse and neglect (CAN) but they often don't have a formal specialized training. METHODS: We analysed retrospectively data about patients, 0 - 18 years of age, victims of CAN between 1 April 2005 and 30 April 2015. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of a multidisciplinary educational program, "CAN: prevention strategies, individuation and treatment", on the knowledge, case recognition, treatment and follow-up of physicians of Gemelli University Hospital in Rome, regarding physical, sexual abuse and neglect...
August 14, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805695/infants-investigated-by-the-child-welfare-system-exploring-a-distinct-profile-of-risks-service-needs-and-referrals-for-support-in-ontario
#5
Joanne Filippelli, Barbara Fallon, Esme Fuller-Thomson, Nico Trocmé
The science of early childhood development underscores that maltreatment and other adversities experienced during infancy heightens the risk for poor developmental and socio-emotional outcomes. Referrals to supportive services by the child welfare system are particularly critical during infancy given the rapidity of brain development and infants' sensitivity to their environment. The main objectives of the current study are to: (1) examine age-specific differences in clinical and case characteristics; (2) determine the factors associated with the service referral decision involving infants; and (3) explore the types of services families have been referred to at the conclusion of a maltreatment-related investigation...
August 12, 2017: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803568/history-of-child-maltreatment-and-telomere-length-in-immune-cell-subsets-associations-with-stress-and-attachment-related-hormones
#6
Christina Boeck, Sabrina Krause, Alexander Karabatsiakis, Katharina Schury, Harald Gündel, Christiane Waller, Iris-Tatjana Kolassa
Experiencing maltreatment during childhood can have long-lasting consequences for both mental and physical health. Immune cell telomere length (TL) shortening might be one link between child maltreatment (CM) experiences and adverse health outcomes later in life. While the stress hormone cortisol has been associated with TL attrition, the attachment-related hormone oxytocin may promote resilience. In 15 mothers with and 15 age- and body mass index-matched mothers without CM, we assessed TL in peripheral blood mononuclear cells and selected immune cell subsets (monocytes, naive, and memory cytotoxic T cells) by quantitative fluorescence in situ hybridization, as well as peripheral cortisol and oxytocin levels...
August 14, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803562/dopamine-receptor-d2-drd2-dopamine-transporter-solute-carrier-family-c6-member-4-slc6a3-and-catechol-o-methyltransferase-comt-genes-as-moderators-of-the-relation-between-maternal-history-of-maltreatment-and-infant-emotion-regulation
#7
Vanessa Villani, Jaclyn Ludmer, Andrea Gonzalez, Robert Levitan, James Kennedy, Mario Masellis, Vincenzo S Basile, Christine Wekerle, Leslie Atkinson
Although infants less than 18 months old are capable of engaging in self-regulatory behavior (e.g., avoidance, withdrawal, and orienting to other aspects of their environment), the use of self-regulatory strategies at this age (as opposed to relying on caregivers) is associated with elevated behavioral and physiological distress. This study investigated infant dopamine-related genotypes (dopamine receptor D2 [DRD2], dopamine transporter solute carrier family C6, member 4 [SLC6A3], and catechol-O-methyltransferase [COMT]) as they interact with maternal self-reported history of maltreatment to predict observed infant independent emotion regulation behavior...
August 14, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802911/childhood-maltreatment-and-high-dietary-fat-intake-behaviors-in-adulthood-a-birth-cohort-study
#8
Amanuel Alemu Abajobir, Steve Kisely, Gail Williams, Lane Strathearn, Jake Moses Najman
Childhood maltreatment has been associated with a wide range of chronic medical conditions including obesity, other metabolic events and eating disorders. However, little is known about the association between childhood maltreatment and high dietary fat intake. This study addresses the extent to which co-occurring and specific forms of substantiated childhood maltreatment are associated with self-reported high dietary fat intake in adulthood and whether there is a gender-childhood maltreatment interaction in predicting this association...
August 10, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792561/-childhood-maltreatment-and-mental-health-problems-in-adulthood-a-national-study-of-women-in-quebec
#9
Geneviève Paquette, Marc Tourigny, Karine Baril, Jacques Joly, Monique Séguin
Objective The study aims to estimate the specific contribution of various forms of child maltreatment on the mental health among a Quebeckers' women representative sample. Method A telephone survey was conducted with a representative sample of 1001 women from the province of Quebec (Canada). Different demographic variables, all four child maltreatment forms (sexual, physical, psychological and neglect) and intimate partner violence experienced in the last 12 months were evaluated to explore their links with depression and post-traumatic stress symptoms of the participants at the time of the investigation...
2017: Santé Mentale Au Québec
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792079/mentoring-relationship-quality-and-maltreated-children-s-coping
#10
Ashley A Chesmore, Lindsey M Weiler, Heather N Taussig
Coping strategies are believed to protect against the harmful effects of maltreatment on children's psychosocial outcomes. Caregivers are thought to be critical in helping children develop adaptive coping strategies, yet many maltreated children have poor and/or insecure relationships with their parents. A quality relationship with a caring, non-parental adult (e.g., a mentor), however, may be one strategy to promote healthy coping among maltreated children. Children (N = 154) in this study participated in a mentoring and skill-based program for maltreated preadolescents placed in foster care...
August 9, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792060/screening-for-housing-instability-and-homelessness-among-families-undergoing-child-maltreatment-investigation
#11
Anne F Farrell, Kate E Dibble, Kellie G Randall, Preston A Britner
This paper reports results of mixed methods, population survey of housing instability, and homelessness. Child welfare personnel conducted the Quick Risks and Assets for Family Triage (QRAFT), a three-question screening tool intended to identify housing instability and homelessness. The QRAFT requires users to assess family housing history, current housing arrangement, and current housing condition, on a four-point scale from "asset/not a risk" to "severe risk." The QRAFT was completed among 6828 families undergoing new child maltreatment investigations...
August 9, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790873/parent-child-interaction-therapy-current-perspectives
#12
REVIEW
Corey C Lieneman, Laurel A Brabson, April Highlander, Nancy M Wallace, Cheryl B McNeil
Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT) is an empirically supported intervention originally developed to treat disruptive behavior problems in children between the ages of 2 and 7 years. Since its creation over 40 years ago, PCIT has been studied internationally with various populations and has been found to be an effective intervention for numerous behavioral and emotional issues. This article summarizes progress in the PCIT literature over the past decade (2006-2017) and outlines future directions for this important work...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766877/munchausen-by-proxy-a-qualitative-investigation-into-online-perceptions-of-medical-child-abuse
#13
Anoushka P A Anderson, Marc D Feldman, Joanne Bryce
In Munchausen by proxy (MBP) maltreatment, increasingly termed "medical child abuse" (MCA), a caregiver fabricates or induces illness in another. The perpetrator's goal for the behavior is to meet personal emotional needs by forcing unnecessary or misguided medical or psychological treatment. Generally, a mother is the perpetrator and her child is the victim. There is a serious lack of research into most aspects of MCA, and this study is the first to utilize the anonymity of an Internet forum to investigate victims' first-hand experiences of, and the public's opinions about, suspected and confirmed MCA...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765679/placement-instability-among-young-people-removed-from-their-original-family-and-the-likely-mental-health-implications
#14
Simon Rice, Sue Cotton, Kristen Moeller-Saxone, Cathrine Mihalopoulos, Anne Magnus, Carol Harvey, Cathy Humphreys, Stephen Halperin, Angela Scheppokat, Patrick McGorry, Helen Herrman
BACKGROUND: Young people in out-of-home care are more likely to experience poorer mental and physical health outcomes related to their peers. Stable care environments are essential for ameliorating impacts of disruptive early childhood experiences, including exposure to psychological trauma, abuse and neglect. At present there are very few high quality data regarding the placement stability history of young people in out-of-home care in Australia or other countries. OBJECTIVES: To undertake the first systematic census of background, care type and placement stability characteristics of young people living in the out-of-home care sector in Australia...
April 25, 2017: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763786/child-maltreatment-in-nepal-prevalence-and-associated-factors
#15
P Kandel, R Kunwar, S Karki, D Kandel, P Lamichhane
OBJECTIVES: Child maltreatment is a global public health problem. There is limited information about this problem in low-income countries. We aimed to document the prevalence and factors associated with physical punishment of children less than 14 years of age in Nepal. STUDY DESIGN: Population-based cross-sectional study. METHODS: We conducted an in-depth analysis using data from the Nepal Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey, a nationally representative multi-stage-stratified cluster sampling survey...
July 29, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762156/quantifying-sources-of-bias-in-longitudinal-data-linkage-studies-of-child-abuse-and-neglect-measuring-impact-of-outcome-specification-linkage-error-and-partial-cohort-follow-up
#16
Jared W Parrish, Meghan E Shanahan, Patricia G Schnitzer, Paul Lanier, Julie L Daniels, Stephen W Marshall
BACKGROUND: Health informatics projects combining statewide birth populations with child welfare records have emerged as a valuable approach to conducting longitudinal research of child maltreatment. The potential bias resulting from linkage misspecification, partial cohort follow-up, and outcome misclassification in these studies has been largely unexplored. This study integrated epidemiological survey and novel administrative data sources to establish the Alaska Longitudinal Child Abuse and Neglect Linkage (ALCANLink) project...
December 2017: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756353/a-birth-cohort-study-of-asian-and-pacific-islander-children-reported-for-abuse-or-neglect-by-maternal-nativity-and-ethnic-origin
#17
Megan Finno-Velasquez, Lindsey Palmer, John Prindle, Christina C Tam, Emily Putnam-Hornstein
Research identifying racial and ethnic disparities in child protective services (CPS) involvement in the U.S. has focused on the overrepresentation of Black children and the growing Latino child population. Little attention has been paid to children of Asian origin, the most underrepresented group of children in the U.S. CPS system. The objective of this analysis was to examine subgroup patterns of CPS involvement in California for Asian and Pacific Islander (API) children prospectively based on maternal nativity and ethnic origin...
July 27, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755627/the-importance-of-laboratory-re-evaluation-in-cases-of-suspected-child-abuse-a-case-report
#18
L Woydt, C König, M K Bernhard, P Nickel, J Dreßler, B Ondruschka
In order to accurately diagnose child abuse or neglect, a physician needs to be familiar with diseases and medical conditions that can simulate maltreatment. Unrecognized cases of abuse may lead to insufficient child protection, whereas, on the other hand, over-diagnosis could be the cause of various problems for the family and their potentially accused members. Regarding child abuse, numerous cases of false diagnoses with undetected causes of bleeding are described in the scientific literature, but, specifically concerning leukemia in childhood, only very few case reports exist...
July 24, 2017: Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750346/relationship-and-community-factors-related-to-better-mental-health-following-child-maltreatment-among-adolescents
#19
Kristene Cheung, Tamara Taillieu, Sarah Turner, Janique Fortier, Jitender Sareen, Harriet L MacMillan, Michael H Boyle, Tracie O Afifi
Research on factors associated with good mental health following child maltreatment is often based on unrepresentative samples and focuses on individual-level factors. To address these gaps, the present study examined the association between relationship- and community-level factors and overall mental health status among adolescents with and without a history of maltreatment in a representative sample. Data were drawn from the National Comorbidity Survey of Adolescents (NCS-A; n=10,148; data collection 2001-2004); a large, cross-sectional, nationally representative sample of adolescents aged 13-17 years from the United States...
July 24, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750264/the-perpetrators-of-medical-child-abuse-munchausen-syndrome-by-proxy-a-systematic-review-of-796-cases
#20
REVIEW
Gregory Yates, Christopher Bass
INTRODUCTION: Little is known about the perpetrators of medical child abuse (MCA) which is often described as "Munchausen's syndrome by proxy" or "factitious disorder imposed on another". The demographic and clinical characteristics of these abusers have yet to be described in a sufficiently large sample. We aimed to address this issue through a systematic review of case reports and series in the professional literature. METHOD: A systematic search for case reports and series published since 1965 was undertaken using MEDLINE, Web of Science and EMBASE...
July 24, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
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