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Zorica Nikolić, Gordana Petrović, Dejana Panković, Maja Ignjatov, Dragana Marinković, Milan Stojanović, Vuk Đorđević
The aim of this study is to assess DNA degradation, DNA amplification, and GMO quantity during tofu production. Soybean seeds were spiked with Roundup Ready® soybeans (RRS) at 0.9, 2, 3 and 5% (by mass), to assess the level of RSS that would be of practical interest for threshold labelling. Real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was more effective than conventional PCR in the analysis of raw soymilk, okara, boiled soymilk and tofu. The negative effect of grinding and mechanical manipulation was obvious in the okara sample prepared with 3 and 5% RRS, where GMO content was reduced to (2...
December 2017: Food Technology and Biotechnology
Sanyog Jain, Pooja Yadav, Rajan Swami, Nitin Kumar Swarnakar, Varun Kushwah, Sameer S Katiyar
Implication of different dietary specific lipids such as phytantriol (PT) and glyceryl monooleate (GMO) on enhancing the oral bioavailability of amphotericin B (AmB) was examined. Liquid crystalline nanoparticles (LCNPs) were prepared using hydrotrope method, followed by in vitro characterization, Caco-2 cell monolayer uptake, and in vivo pharmacokinetic and toxicity evaluation. Optimized AmB-LCNPs displayed small particle size (< 210 nm) with a narrow distribution (~ 0.2), sustained drug release and high gastrointestinal stability, and reduced hemolytic toxicity...
March 12, 2018: AAPS PharmSciTech
Andrew Spicer, Attila Molnar
It is abundantly clear that the development of gene editing technologies, represents a potentially powerful force for good with regard to human and animal health and addressing the challenges we continue to face in a growing global population. This now includes the development of approaches to modify microalgal strains for potential improvements in productivity, robustness, harvestability, processability, nutritional composition, and application. The rapid emergence and ongoing developments in this area demand a timely review and revision of the current definitions and regulations around genetically modified organisms (GMOs), particularly within Europe...
March 6, 2018: Biology
Heba F Salem, Rasha M Kharshoum, Fatma I Abo El-Ela, Amr Gamal F, Khaled R A Abdellatif
Tamoxifen citrate (TXC) is commonly indicated to prevent cell multiplication and development of breast cancer. However, it is usually associated with limited activity and development of toxicity and resistance. This study aimed to describe an in situ pH-responsive niosomes as a carrier for localized and sustained delivery of TXC. The thin film hydration method was utilized to produce TXC niosomes using sorbitan monostearate and cholesterol of 1:1 Molar ratio. The produced formula displayed nano-spherical shape with entrapment efficiency (EE) of 88...
February 27, 2018: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
Tengyi Zheng, Xintian Huang, Jintian Chen, Disang Feng, Liling Mei, Ying Huang, Guilan Quan, Chune Zhu, Vikramjeet Singh, Hao Ran, Xin Pan, Chuan-Yu Wu, Chuanbin Wu
Lyotropic liquid crystals (LLC) have received increasing attention as a drug delivery system. In this study, a novel intra-canal disinfectant based on the glycerol monooleate (GMO) LLC precursor incorporation with chlorhexidine (CHX) and silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) was designed and evaluated. The LLC precursor with excellent fluidity was able to penetrate deeply into the complex tiny collateral branch root canals. The transformation of cubic LLC in root canals upon coming into contact with water provided long-lasting disinfection against multidrug-resistant bacteria to avoid the endodontic reinfection and follow-up visits...
February 6, 2018: Biomaterials Science
Marco Mendozza, Costanza Montis, Lucrezia Caselli, Marcell Wolf, Piero Baglioni, Debora Berti
The inclusion of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) in lipid mesophases is a promising strategy for drug-delivery applications, combining the innate biocompatibility of lipid architectures with SPIONs' response to external magnetic fields. Moreover, the organization of SPIONs within the lipid scaffold can lead to locally enhanced SPIONs concentration and improved magnetic response, which is key to overcome the current limitations of hyperthermic treatments. Here we present a Small-Angle X-ray Scattering (SAXS) structural investigation of the thermotropic and magnetotropic behavior of glyceryl monooleate (GMO)/water mesophases, loaded with hydrophobic SPIONs...
February 6, 2018: Nanoscale
Prabath K Abeysundara, Inoshi Athukorala, K P C Dalpatadu, Karthiha Balendran, M D S A Dilrukshi, Gmo Fernando
Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura is a rare thrombotic disease characterized by episodes of thrombocytopenia and microangiopathic hemolytic anemia due to disseminated microvascular thrombosis. Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura was first described in 1924 by Moschowitz as a disease presenting with a pentad of signs and symptoms (anemia, thrombocytopenia, fever, hemiparesis and hematuria). Previous studies have described atypical manifestations of thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura such as hemolysis, anemia and thrombosis...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Hematology-oncology and Stem Cell Research
Dennis Eriksson, Eugénia de Andrade, Borut Bohanec, Sevasti Chatzopolou, Roberto Defez, Nélida Leiva Eriksson, Piet van der Meer, Bernd van der Meulen, Anneli Ritala, László Sági, Joachim Schiemann, Tomasz Twardowski, Tomáš Vaněk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 10, 2018: Nature Biotechnology
Jianwei Chen, Ning Shao, Jiaying Hu, Rong Li, Yuanshou Zhu, Dabing Zhang, Shujuan Guo, Junhou Hui, Peng Liu, Litao Yang, Sheng-Ce Tao
Multi-target, short time, and resource-affordable methodologies for the detection of multiple nucleic acids in a single, easy to operate test are urgently needed in disease diagnosis, microbial monitoring, genetically modified organism (GMO) detection, and forensic analysis. We have previously described the platform called CALM (Capillary Array-based Loop-mediated isothermal amplification for Multiplex visual detection of nucleic acids). Herein, we describe improved fabrication and performance processes for this platform...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Loren G Rabinowitz, Haley M Zylberberg, Alan Levinovitz, Melissa S Stockwell, Peter H R Green, Benjamin Lebwohl
BACKGROUND: There has been a marked increase in the adoption of the gluten-free (GF) diet. AIMS: To query individuals with celiac disease (CD) and non-celiac gluten sensitivity (NCGS) on their beliefs toward the health effects of gluten, and safety of vaccines and GF food products. METHODS: We distributed a Web-based survey to individuals with CD and NCGS on a CD center e-mail list. We used univariate and multivariate analysis to compare responses of respondents with CD and NCGS...
December 14, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
Giovanni Tagliabue
The expression "Genetically Modified Organisms" was coined to indicate a group of agricultural products (mostly crops and vegetables), modified through direct DNA recombination in order to obtain useful phenotypic traits or to inhibit undesirable characteristics. But the border between rDNA ("GMO") and other biotech methods is blurred. Moreover, the ill-assorted group is frequently charged with having peculiar, negative characteristics: many activists, part of the public and a few social science scholars think that "GMOs" are all dubious, even inherently dangerous...
October 2, 2017: GM Crops & Food
Joseph A Braimah, Kilian N Atuoye, Siera Vercillo, Carrie Warring, Isaac Luginaah
This paper examines the highly contested and ongoing biotechnology (Bt) policy-making process in Ghana. We analyse media content on how Bt is viewed in the context of Ghana's parliamentary debate on the Plant Breeders Bill and within the broader public policy-making literature. This paper does not seek to take a position on Bt or the Bill, but to understand how policy actors influence the debate with political and scientific rhetoric in Ghana. The study reveals that in the midst of scientific uncertainties of Bt's potential for sustainable agriculture production and food security, policy decisions that encourage its future adoption are heavily influenced by health, scientific, economic, environmental and political factors dictated by different ideologies, values and norms...
2017: Global Bioethics, Problemi di Bioetica
Anindya Bandyopadhyay, Shamik Mazumdar, Xiaojia Yin, William Paul Quick
The clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR) system is a prokaryotic adaptive immune system that has the ability to identify specific locations on the bacteriophage (phage) genome to create breaks in it, and internalize the phage genome fragments in its own genome as CRISPR arrays for memory-dependent resistance. Although CRISPR has been used in the dairy industry for a long time, it recently gained importance in the field of genome editing because of its ability to precisely target locations in a genome...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Katarzyna Grelewska-Nowotko, Magdalena Żurawska-Zajfert, Ewelina Żmijewska, Sławomir Sowa
In recent years, digital polymerase chain reaction (dPCR), a new molecular biology technique, has been gaining in popularity. Among many other applications, this technique can also be used for the detection and quantification of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) in food and feed. It might replace the currently widely used real-time PCR method (qPCR), by overcoming problems related to the PCR inhibition and the requirement of certified reference materials to be used as a calibrant. In theory, validated qPCR methods can be easily transferred to the dPCR platform...
November 6, 2017: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Mariane de Cássia Lima Dante, Livia Neves Borgheti-Cardoso, Marcia Carvalho de Abreu Fantini, Fabíola Silva Garcia Praça, Wanessa Silva Garcia Medina, Maria Bernadete Riemma Pierre, Marilisa Guimarães Lara
Celecoxib (CXB) is a widely used anti-inflammatory drug that also acts as a chemopreventive agent against several types of cancer, including skin cancer. As the long-term oral administration of CXB has been associated with severe side effects, the skin delivery of this drug represents a promising alternative for the treatment of skin inflammatory conditions and chemoprevention of skin cancer. We prepared and characterized liquid crystalline systems based on glyceryl monooleate and water containing penetration enhancers which were primarily designed to promote skin delivery of CXB...
March 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Hao Li, Juan Li, Rongfang Xu, Ruiying Qin, Fengshun Song, Li Li, Pengcheng Wei, Jianbo Yang
Using promoters expressed in nonendosperm tissues to activate target genes in specific plant tissues or organs with very limited expression in the endosperm is an attractive approach in crop transgenic engineering. In this article, five putative nonendosperm tissue-expressed promoters were cloned from the rice genome and designated PO s NETE 1 , PO s NETE 2 , PO s NETE 3 , PO s NETE 4 and PO s NETE 5 . By qualitatively and quantitatively examining GUSplus reporter gene expression in transgenic rice plants, PO s NETE 1 -PO s NETE 5 were all found to be active in the roots, leaves, stems, sheaths and panicles but not in the endosperm of plants at different developmental stages...
November 3, 2017: Plant Biotechnology Journal
Alexandra Bogožalec Košir, Alfred J Arulandhu, Marleen M Voorhuijzen, Hongmei Xiao, Rico Hagelaar, Martijn Staats, Adalberto Costessi, Jana Žel, Esther J Kok, Jeroen P van Dijk
The majority of feed products in industrialised countries contains materials derived from genetically modified organisms (GMOs). In parallel, the number of reports of unauthorised GMOs (UGMOs) is gradually increasing. There is a lack of specific detection methods for UGMOs, due to the absence of detailed sequence information and reference materials. In this research, an adapted genome walking approach was developed, called ALF: Amplification of Linearly-enriched Fragments. Coupling of ALF to NGS aims for simultaneous detection and identification of all GMOs, including UGMOs, in one sample, in a single analysis...
October 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
David Dobnik, Tina Demšar, Ingrid Huber, Lars Gerdes, Sylvia Broeders, Nancy Roosens, Frederic Debode, Gilbert Berben, Jana Žel
Digital PCR (dPCR), as a new technology in the field of genetically modified (GM) organism (GMO) testing, enables determination of absolute target copy numbers. The purpose of our study was to test the transferability of methods designed for quantitative PCR (qPCR) to dPCR and to carry out an inter-laboratory comparison of the performance of two different dPCR platforms when determining the absolute GM copy numbers and GM copy number ratio in reference materials certified for GM content in mass fraction. Overall results in terms of measured GM% were within acceptable variation limits for both tested dPCR systems...
October 25, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Zhen Cao, Wei Zhang, Xiangxue Ning, Baomin Wang, Yunjun Liu, Qing X Li
Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1Ac, Cry1Ia1, and Cry1Ie are δ-endotoxin insecticidal proteins widely implemented in genetically modified organisms (GMO), such as cotton, maize, and potato. Western blot assay integrates electrophoresis separation power and antibody high specificity for monitoring specific exogenous proteins expressed in GMO. Procedures for evoking monoclonal antibody (mAb) for Western blot were poorly documented. In the present study, Cry1Ac partially denatured at 100 °C for 5 min was used as an immunogen to develop mAbs selectively recognizing a linear epitope of Cry1Ac for Western blot...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
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