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Brazilian wandering spider

Barbara C Dias, Rodrigo H Willemart
Most empirical and theoretical papers on prey-predator interactions are for animals with long-range detection, animals that can detect and react to predators long before these touch the prey. Heavy-bodied and chemically defended harvestmen (Arachnida, Opiliones) are an exception to this general pattern and rely on contact to detect arthropod predators. We examined the interactions between the Brazilian wandering spider Ctenus ornatus with harvestmen (Mischonyx cuspidatus) or control prey (Gryllus sp. and M...
June 2013: Zoology: Analysis of Complex Systems, ZACS
M Richardson, A M C Pimenta, M P Bemquerer, M M Santoro, P S L Beirao, M E Lima, S G Figueiredo, C Bloch, E A R Vasconcelos, F A P Campos, P C Gomes, M N Cordeiro
The proteomes of the venoms of the Brazilian wandering "armed" spiders Phoneutria nigriventer, Phoneutria reidyi, and Phoneutria keyserlingi, were compared using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. The venom components were also fractionated using a combination of preparative reverse phase HPLC on Vydac C4, analytical RP-HPLC on Vydac C8 and C18 and cation exchange FPLC on Resource S at pH 6.1 and 4.7, or anion exchange HPLC on Synchropak AX-300 at pH 8.6. The amino acid sequences of the native and S-pyridyl-ethylated proteins and peptides derived from them by enzymatic digestion and chemical cleavages were determined using a Shimadzu PPSQ-21(A) automated protein sequencer, and by MS/MS collision induced dissociations...
March 2006: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology & Pharmacology: CBP
E Folly-Ramos, C E Almeida, M Carmo-Silva, J Costa
Ctenus medius Keyserling, 1891 is a wandering spider common in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest. It has been the subject of few studies. Thus, this work aims to elucidate aspects of its natural history, such as the life cycle and reproductive behavior of this species, through laboratory and field observations. Two females with egg sacs were observed in the laboratory and one was observed in field (Barra Mansa, 22 degrees 32'S and 44 degrees 10'W) until the emergence of the spiderlings. For observation of the immature stage development, a portion of the spiderlings from the same hatch were taken to the laboratory and watched until sexual maturity...
November 2002: Brazilian Journal of Biology, Revista Brasleira de Biologia
C R Diniz, M do N Cordeiro, L R Junor, P Kelly, S Fischer, F Reimann, E B Oliveira, M Richardson
A lethal neurotoxic polypeptide of Mr 8 kDa was purified from the venom of the South American 'armed' or wandering spider Phoneutria nigriventer by centrifugation, gel filtration on Superose 12, and reverse phase FPLC on columns of Pharmacia PepRPC and ProRPC. The purified neurotoxin Tx1 had an LD50 of 0.05 mg/kg in mice following intracerebroventricular injection. The complete amino acid sequence of the neurotoxin was determined by automated Edman degradation of the native and S-carboxymethylated protein in pulsed liquid and dual phase sequencers, and by the manual DABITC/PITC double coupling method applied to fragments obtained after digestions with the S...
April 24, 1990: FEBS Letters
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