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Mental health

Scott Griffiths, Susan L Rossell, Deborah Mitchison, Stuart B Murray, Jonathan M Mond
Most individuals with eating disorders do not receive treatment for their eating disorder. Closing this "treatment gap" requires a quantitative examination of individuals' attitudes towards accessing various types of treatment and of individuals' perceived barriers to seeking treatment. Thus, we recruited a sample of 425 individuals with either diagnosed or undiagnosed eating disorders and asked them to complete a survey assessing treatment attitudes, treatment barriers, and eating disorder symptom severity...
September 17, 2018: Eating Disorders
Christy Weaver, Karen Rogers, Michael Gomez, Richard Gilder, Patricia S Yoder-Wise
The number of children diagnosed with mental and behavioral health issues is increasing each year. Early identification and intervention for these issues are vital to improving long-term outcomes. School nurses are among the frontline healthcare providers for school-age children, screening and coordinating care for multiple physical and mental health conditions. This article describes the implementation of a national mental health online training program at a local district. Outcomes of the implementation project and implications for school nurses are discussed...
September 15, 2018: NASN School Nurse
Sabra Melamed, Afona Chernet, Niklaus D Labhardt, Nicole Probst-Hensch, Constanze Pfeiffer
Eritreans comprise the largest group of asylum-seekers in Switzerland. Gaining recognized refugee status can take up to 36 months, during which time asylum-seekers live in a state of legal limbo, intensifying threats to their well-being. Resilience and mental health among this population is poorly understood. We interviewed 10 asylum-seekers residing in Switzerland using qualitative, in-depth interviews. Data were analyzed using the Framework Method. Results indicated that mental health was understood as a binary state rather than a continuum and that trusted friends and family were responsible for recognizing and attempting to treat mental health problems...
September 15, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
Yue Li, Zhaokong Yuan, Kristen Clements-Nolle, Wei Yang
Research in western countries has shown that adolescents who self-identify as lesbian, gay, or bisexual (LGB) are at increased risk for depression, but little is known about this relationship among adolescents in China. A school-based cross-sectional survey was conducted among 1816 high school students in Jiangxi province. Logistic regression was used to explore the relationship between sexual orientation and depressive symptoms. Approximately 4% of participants self-identified as LGB, and 14% reported being unsure of their sexual identity...
September 15, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Reut Oren, Hod Orkibi, Cochavit Elefant, Maayan Salomon-Gimmon
OBJECTIVE: Despite the increase in arts-based programs in community rehabilitation services in many countries, little is known about how these programs are perceived by health professionals who can refer individuals with mental health conditions to community-based psychiatric rehabilitation services. This study examined how senior professionals with key positions in the public health system perceive the integration of the arts in community-based psychiatric rehabilitation services in Israel...
September 17, 2018: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
Jaclyn P Maher, Chaelin K Ra, Adam M Leventhal, Donald Hedeker, Jimi Huh, Chih-Ping Chou, Genevieve F Dunton
Affective volatility (i.e., variability) is typically conceptualized as a marker of poor mental and behavioral health. The current research challenges this notion. Among individuals who typically experience low positive affect (PA), vacillation between bouts of joy and marked anhedonia may be associated with better behavioral health relative to a restricted range of PA experience. We therefore tested the hypothesis that mean levels of PA captured via an 8-day intensive repeated Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA) would moderate the association of EMA-measured PA variability with behavioral health measured at intake among working mothers (N = 202) with young children-a population at risk for experiencing repeated stress- and reward-induced PA changes...
September 17, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
Shirley M Glynn, Linda M Richardson
The new Chief Executive Officer of the American Psychological Association (APA) Arthur C. Evans, Jr., Ph.D., has a long-standing career in public service and an ongoing commitment to public service psychology. Leadership of APA Division 18 (Psychologists in Public Service) recently interviewed Dr. Evans about his position at APA and his vision for public service psychology and its role in the U.S. health care system. Issues for discussion were selected by the Division's sections on community and state hospitals; criminal justice; police and public safety; psychologists in Indian country; serious mental illness/severe emotional disturbance; students; and veterans affairs...
September 17, 2018: Psychological Services
Moshe Bronshtein, Ayala Gover, Ron Beloosesky, Hanin Dabaja, Yuval Ginsberg, Zeev Weiner, Nizar Khatib
BACKGROUND: Ptyalism gravidarum (PG) is a condition of hypersalivation that affects pregnant women early in gestation. Symptoms include massive saliva volumes (up to 2 liters per day), swollen salivary glands, sleep deprivation, significant emotional distress, and social difficulties. OBJECTIVES: To examine maternal and fetal characteristics and pregnancy outcomes of patients with PG. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with PG in our clinic during the years 2001-2016 were identified and contacted...
September 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
Joseph Mergui, David Raveh-Brawer, Meydan Ben-Ishai, Sarah Prijs, Cornelius Gropp, Igor Barash, Jean-Louis Golmard, Sol Jaworowski
BACKGROUND: There is scant research on the psychopathology of Israeli soldiers who present to a general hospital emergency department (ED). OBJECTIVES: To assess the psychopathology among a cohort of Israeli soldiers who presented to a general hospital ED for mental health assessment. METHODS: The demographic and clinical characteristics of 124 consecutive soldiers who presented to the ED for psychiatric assessment between January 2008 and September 2012 were reviewed...
September 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
Abirami Kirubarajan, Stephen Puntis, Devon Perfect, Marc Tarbit, Mary Buckman, Andrew Molodynski
Aims and methodStreet triage services are increasingly common and part of standard responses to mental health crises in the community, but little is understood about them. We conducted a national survey of mental health trusts to gather detailed information regarding street triage services alongside a survey of Thames Valley police officers to ascertain their views and experiences. RESULTS: Triage services are available in most areas of the country and are growing in scope. There is wide variation in levels of funding and modes of operation, including hours covered...
September 17, 2018: BJPsych Bulletin
Penelope Abbott, Ron Brooker, Jennifer Reath
ISSUE ADDRESSED: Housing renewal is a common urban housing and development strategy internationally. An intended result is increased social inclusion and wellbeing of residents through public housing de-concentration. In this study we examined challenges encountered during the process of housing renewal from the perspectives of community-based staff and volunteers. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured qualitative interviews with housing and community workers, service managers and community volunteers who were working with residents experiencing housing renewal in an outer metropolitan estate in New South Wales...
September 16, 2018: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
Lotta Lempinen, Terhi Luntamo, Andre Sourander
The use of children's mental health services has increased, but most children with psychiatric problems are still not in contact with these services. This time-trend study assessed changes in considered and reported service use over a 24-year period and studied the factors associated with it using four cross-sectional studies. Information was gathered on 8-year-old children living in the area covered by Turku University Hospital, Finland, at four time points: 986 children in 1989, 891 in 1999, 930 in 2005, and 942 in 2013...
September 15, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Silvia Corchón, Irene Carrillo-López, Omar Cauli
Patients with a neurodevelopmental disorder such as Rett syndrome (RS), as well as their families, have complex needs that affect their quality of life (QoL). Therefore, both families and patients with RS must be provided with multidisciplinary health care that can identify the clinical features that most affect their QoL and mental health risks. The main objective of this paper is to provide a comprehensive overview of the QoL subdimensions of families affected by RS, including both the parents and children...
September 16, 2018: Metabolic Brain Disease
Z Carr, M Maeda, D Oughton, W Weiss
Available experience from Chernobyl and Fukushima clearly demonstrate that nuclear emergencies may result in low and very low exposure levels, at which psychological and social effects among the affected population will dominate over the actual biological effects of ionising radiation. International protection standards and guidelines request, that both radiological and non-radiological health consequences have to be considered in preparedness and response to an actual emergency and there is a need to broaden the radiation protection system's philosophy beyond the metrics of radioactivity and radiation dose...
September 14, 2018: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
Robyn L Shepardson, Jesse D Kosiba, Lee I Bernstein, Jennifer S Funderburk
Background: Although anxiety is prevalent in primary care, the association between anxiety symptoms and suicide risk remains understudied. Objectives: This cross-sectional study aimed to (i) assess the prevalence of suicide risk among Veteran primary care patients with anxiety symptoms and (ii) compare suicide risk between patients with a positive (versus negative) depression screen. Methods: Participants were 182 adult primary care patients (84...
September 14, 2018: Family Practice
Kathryn Lacey O'Connor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Shitao Rao, Cynthia O Siu, Mai Shi, Jihui Zhang, Macro Ho Bun Lam, Mandy Yu, Yun Kwok Wing, Mary Miu Yee Waye
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a fatal outcome for subjects with mental ill-health. Genetic factors and psychological correlates are believed to contribute to the risk of suicide attempts (SA), whereas both factors are reported to exert a small effect. This study therefore tried to investigate if combination of the two aspects can enhance the explanation of variance in SA. METHODS: A common variant rs7713917 in HOMER1 gene was genotyped for 333 Chinese psychiatric patients with or without SA...
September 13, 2018: Gene
Sarah Curtis, Jamie Pearce, Mark Cherrie, Christopher Dibben, Niall Cunningham, Clare Bambra
This paper reports research exploring how trends in local labour market conditions during the period 2007-2011 (early stages of the 'great recession') relate to reported mental illness for individuals. It contributes to research on spatio-temporal variation in the wider determinants of health, exploring how the lifecourse of places relates to socio-geographical inequalities in health outcomes for individuals. This study also contributes to the renewed research focus on the links between labour market trends and population health, prompted by the recent global economic recession...
August 13, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
Natalie K Skead, Shane L Rogers, Jerome Doraisamy
Research indicates that, in comparison to professionals and University students in other disciplines, lawyers and law students may be at greater risk of experiencing high levels of psychological distress. There is also a large body of literature supporting an association between stress, anxiety and depression and unhealthy eating. This article reports on the results of a study of Australian legal professionals and law students that evidence a positive association between psychological distress; disordered eating, weight and shape concerns; and maladaptive eating habits in lawyers and law students...
September 12, 2018: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
Samantha Hurst, Meghan Maiya, Danielle Casteel, Andrew J Sarkin, Salvatore Libretto, A Rani Elwy, Crystal L Park, Erik J Groessl
OBJECTIVE: Millions of military personnel and veterans live with chronic mental and physical health conditions that often do not respond well to pharmacological treatments. Serious side effects and lack of treatment response have led to widespread efforts to study and promote non-pharmacological and behavioral health treatments for many chronic health conditions. Yoga is an increasingly popular mind-body intervention that has growing research support for its efficacy and safety. Our objective was to explore the attitudes, perspectives, and preferences of military personnel and veterans toward yoga as a therapeutic modality, thus providing needed information for designing and promoting yoga interventions for this population...
October 2018: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
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