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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223069/neuropsychological-and-clinical-heterogeneity-of-cognitive-impairment-in-patients-with-multiple-system-atrophy
#1
Lorena Broseghini Barcelos, Flávia Saad, Carla Giacominelli, Roberta Arb Saba, Patrícia Maria de Carvalho Aguiar, Sonia Maria Azevedo Silva, Vanderci Borges, Paulo Henrique Ferreira Bertolucci, Henrique Ballalai Ferraz
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated neuropsychological tests to compare cognitive impairment between two types of multiple system atrophy: predominant parkinsonism (MSA-P) and predominant cerebellar ataxia (MSA-C). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 14 patients diagnosed with MSA: four with MSA-C and ten with MSA-P. Presence of motor symptoms was determined by using the Unified Rating MSA Scale (URMSAS). Non-motor symptoms were evaluated by the Short Form Health Survey (SF-36), Scales for Outcomes in Parkinson's disease Autonomic (SCOPA-AUT), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI)...
October 31, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222999/the-symbolic-affordances-of-a-video-mediated-gaze-in-emergency-psychiatry
#2
Marianne V Trondsen, Aksel Tjora, Alex Broom, Graham Scambler
While mental illness is a significant health challenge worldwide, the availability of specialists is limited, especially in rural areas and for psychiatric emergencies. Although tele-psychiatry, via real-time videoconferencing (VC), is used to provide consultative services in areas that lack psychiatrists, there are a paucity of studies on the use of VC for psychiatric emergencies. We examine how VC matters for patient involvement and professional practice in the first Norwegian emergency tele-psychiatric service...
December 2, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222834/effects-of-a-music-creation-programme-on%C3%A2-the-anxiety-self-esteem-and-quality-of-life-of%C3%A2-people-with-severe-mental-illness-a-quasi-experimental-design
#3
Beh-Huan Chang, Bo-Wei Chen, Jason W Beckstead, Chiu-Yueh Yang
Many studies have shown that music therapy improves patients' symptoms. However, interventions using music creation as their core await further development for patients with severe mental illness (SMI). The current study investigated the effect of a music-creation programme on the anxiety, self-esteem, and quality of life of patients with SMI. A quasi-experimental design using convenience sampling was adopted to recruit patients with SMI from a psychiatric day care centre. Participants were grouped based on their willingness to undergo an intervention (26 patients in the experimental group and 23 patients in the control group)...
December 8, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222712/categorization-and-association-analysis-of-risk-factors-for-adverse-drug-events
#4
REVIEW
Lina Zhou, Anamika Paul Rupa
PURPOSE: Adverse drug events (ADE) are among the leading causes of morbidity and hospitalization. This review analyzes risk factors for ADE, particularly their categorizations and association patterns, the prevalence, severity, and preventability of ADE, and method characteristics of reviewed studies. METHODS: Literature search was conducted via PubMed, Science Direct, CINAHL, and MEDLINE. A review was conducted of research articles that reported original data about specific risk factors for ADE since 2000...
December 8, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222136/effects-of-a-culturally-tailored-parenting-support-programme-in-somali-born-parents-mental-health-and-sense-of-competence-in-parenting-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
Fatumo Osman, Raziye Salari, Marie Klingberg-Allvin, Ulla-Karin Schön, Renée Flacking
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of a culturally tailored parenting support programme on Somali-born parents' mental health and sense of competence in parenting. DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial. SETTING: A city in the middle of Sweden. PARTICIPANTS: Somali-born parents (n=120) with children aged 11-16 years and self-perceived stress in their parenting were randomised to an intervention group (n=60) or a waiting-list control group (n=60)...
December 7, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222080/the-12-item-self-report-world-health-organization-disability-assessment-schedule-whodas-2-0-administered-via-the-internet-to-individuals-with-anxiety-and-stress-disorders-a-psychometric-investigation-based-on-data-from-two-clinical-trials
#6
Erland Axelsson, Elin Lindsäter, Brjánn Ljótsson, Erik Andersson, Erik Hedman-Lagerlöf
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0 (WHODAS 2.0) is a widespread measure of disability and functional impairment, which is bundled with the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (Fifth Edition) for use in psychiatry. Administering psychometric scales via the Internet is an effective way to reach respondents and allow for convenient handling of data. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to study the psychometric properties of the 12-item self-report WHODAS 2...
December 8, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222079/web-based-interventions-supporting-adolescents-and-young-people-with-depressive-symptoms-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Maritta Välimäki, Katriina Anttila, Minna Anttila, Mari Lahti
BACKGROUND: Although previous studies on information and communication technology (ICT)-based intervention on mental health among adolescents with depressive symptoms have already been combined in a number of systematic reviews, coherent information is still missing about interventions used, participants' engagement of these interventions, and how these interventions work. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of trials to describe the effectiveness of Web-based interventions to support adolescents with depression or depressive symptoms, anxiety, and stress...
December 8, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222077/can-facebook-reduce-perceived-anxiety-among-college-students-randomized-controlled-exercise-trial-using-the-transtheoretical-model-of-behavior-change
#8
Emily Frith, Paul Loprinzi
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest social media may be an attractive strategy to promote mental health and wellness. There remains a need to examine the utility for individually tailored wellness messages posted to social media sites such as Facebook to facilitate positive psychological outcomes. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to extend the growing body of evidence supporting the potential for social media to enhance mental health. We evaluated the influence of an 8-week social media intervention on anxiety in college students and examined the impact of dynamic (active) versus static (passive) Facebook content on physical activity behaviors...
December 8, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221763/cognitive-impairment-and-quality-of-life-of-people-with-epilepsy-and-neurocysticercosis-in-zambia
#9
Anne L Nau, Kabemba E Mwape, Jasmin Wiefek, Kathie Schmidt, Emmanuel Abatih, Pierre Dorny, Nicolas Praet, Clarance Chiluba, Holger Schmidt, Isaac K Phiri, Andrea S Winkler, Sarah Gabriël, Joachim Blocher
Cognitive impairment and quality of life (Qol) are important to assess the burden of epilepsy and neurocysticercosis (NCC), which are common but neglected in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). The aims of this study were to assess cognitive performance and Qol of people with epilepsy (PWE) in Zambia and to explore differences in PWE with and without NCC. In this community based, cross-sectional case-control-study, 47 PWE and 50 healthy controls completed five neuropsychological tests (Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), Digit Span, Selective Reminding Test (SRT), Spatial Recall Test (SPART), Test Battery of Attentional Performance (TAP)) and a World Health Organization (WHO) questionnaire of Qol...
December 5, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221697/prevalence-of-mental-health-disorders-in-elderly-u-s-military-veterans-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review
#10
Victoria Williamson, Sharon A M Stevelink, Karla Greenberg, Neil Greenberg
OBJECTIVE: Older veterans may be vulnerable to mental health problems. Meta-analytic and systematic review methods sought to determine the prevalence rate of mental health disorders in older military veterans (≥65 years). METHODS: Eleven studies were eligible, and meta-analyses of veteran depression, substance abuse, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety, dementia, bipolar disorder, and schizophrenia were conducted. RESULTS: Although conducted exclusively with U...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221518/measuring-healthy-lifestyle-and-mental-health-indicators-in-south-asian-women-using-the-your-health-quality-of-life-and-well-being-questionnaire
#11
Nida Ahmed, Sabahat Ahmed, Zartasht Carmichael, Amtul Salam Sami
INTRODUCTION: Health is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. A literature review has revealed that there is no specific questionnaire available to assess well-being within the community. METHODS: Fifty South Asian women were randomly selected to complete the "Your Health: Quality of Life and Well-being Questionnaire" assessing diet, lifestyle, and mental health among others. Data from the questionnaires was extracted and participants were categorised based on these findings...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221473/prevalence-of-somatic-and-urogenital-symptoms-as-well-as-psychological-health-in-women-aged-45-to-55-attending-primary-health-care-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Lena Rindner, Gunilla Strömme, Lena Nordeman, Margareta Wigren, Dominique Hange, Ronny Gunnarsson, Gun Rembeck
BACKGROUND: Women's physical and mental ill-health such as stress-related symptoms, depression, pain, hypertension and urogenital health shows a marked increase around the ages 45-55 years. These women are an important group for Primary Health Care (PHC) due to their prevalent symptoms and illnesses. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of somatic, psychological and urogenital symptoms in women aged 45-55 attending PHC and evaluate factors associated with severe symptoms...
December 8, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221456/effect-of-multimorbidity-on-quality-of-life-in-adult-with-cardiovascular-disease-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Bijan Shad, Asieh Ashouri, Tolou Hasandokht, Fatemeh Rajati, Arsalan Salari, Moona Naghshbandi, Fardin Mirbolouk
BACKGROUND: The aim of present study was to describe the effect of multimorbidity on Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: A cross-sectional study with a simple sampling method of 296 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery in a referral hospital of the northern part of Iran was conducted between April, 2015 and September, 2016. Multimorbidity was defined as the presence of at least two chronic diseases based on self-reporting and medical records...
December 8, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221455/mental-health-professionals-family-focused-practice-with-families-with-dependent-children-a-survey-study
#14
Patraporn Tungpunkom, Darryl Maybery, Andrea Reupert, Nick Kowalenko, Kim Foster
BACKGROUND: Many people with a mental illness are parents caring for dependent children. These children are at greater risk of developing their own mental health concerns compared to other children. Mental health services are opportune places for healthcare professionals to identify clients' parenting status and address the needs of their children. There is a knowledge gap regarding Thai mental health professionals' family-focused knowledge and practices when working with parents with mental illness and their children and families...
December 8, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221421/a-qualitative-study-of-latino-grandparents-involvement-in-and-support-for-grandchildren-s-leisure-time-physical-activity
#15
Hui Xie, Linda L Caldwell, Steven Loy, Mayra Robledo
BACKGROUND: Latino grandparents are often involved in rearing of grandchildren. However, their roles in promoting Latino children's leisure time physical activity (LTPA) have been largely overlooked by researchers. AIM: The purpose of this study is to examine Latino grandparents' involvement in and support for grandchildren's (age 2-12) LTPA as well as issues facing Latino grandparents. METHOD: Participants included 53 Latino grandparents who lived with/cared for or used to live with/care for grandchildren of 2 to 12 years old in three low-income areas of Los Angeles County...
December 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221267/the-acceptance-of-illness-the-intensity-of-pain-and-the-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-lung-cancer
#16
Mariusz Chabowski, Jacek Polański, Beata Jankowska-Polanska, Katarzyna Lomper, Dariusz Janczak, Joanna Rosinczuk
Background: Lung cancer is the major cause of cancer related deaths worldwide. The overall 5-year survival rate is very low and accounts for only 15%. Poor quality of life is considered a prognostic factor for shorter survival in lung cancer patients. The aim of the study was to examine the relationships between pain, the acceptance of illness and quality of life in patients with lung cancer. Methods: The study included 155 patients with lung cancer with mean age of 62...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220685/parental-psychopathology-adult-attachment-and-risk-of-12-month-suicidal-behaviours
#17
David Boyda, Danielle Mc Feeters, Katie Dhingra, Niall Galbraith, Danny Hinton
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms by which parental psychopathology and vulnerability to suicide is transmitted to offspring is not well understood. parental psychopathology and behaviour may impact upon the normal emotional and psychological adjustment of their offspring in various ways. Research shows attachment insecurities may also be a key factor in the facilitation of suicidal behaviours. OBJECTIVE: To examine adult attachment insecurities as a potential mediating pathway between parental psychopathology and 12-month suicidality...
December 5, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220680/adherence-to-physical-activity-recommendations-and-physical-and-mental-health-risk-in-people-with-severe-mental-illness-in-uganda
#18
Davy Vancampfort, Michel Probst, David Basangwa, Marc De Hert, Inez Myin-Germeys, Ruud van Winkel, Philip B Ward, Simon Rosenbaum, James Mugisha
This study investigated cardio-metabolic risk factors among patients with severe mental illness who do or do not meet the recommendations of 150min per week of physical activity. A secondary aim was to assess whether those that do meet the recommendations report lower levels of mental health symptoms. 107 (60♀) Ugandan in- and outpatients (mean age=34.4 ± 9.7 years) with severe mental illness (depression=7, bipolar disorder=55, schizophrenia=45) completed the Physical Activity Vital Sign (PAVS) method and Brief Symptoms Inventory -18...
November 29, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220641/coronary-vascular-disease-event-risk-and-metabolic-syndrome-prevalence-in-patients-enrolled-in-an-assertive-treatment-community-program
#19
Luis Ramudo Cela, María José Ávila González, Juan Carlos Yáñez Rubal, Lucía María Díaz Platas, María Isabel Martín Herranz, Juan Carlos Díaz Del Valle
OBJECTIVE: To examine the risk of coronary vascular disease event (CVDE) and the prevalence metabolic syndrome (MS) and its cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF) in patients with severe mental illnesses enrolled in an assertive treatment community program (ATC) in Spain. METHOD: We carried out a cross-sectional descriptive study with all of the patients included in an ATC program in 2016 in a health area with 547,328 inhabitants in Galicia, Spain. We identified the CVRF in all the individuals, and calculated MS and 10-year CVDE...
November 2, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220621/quality-of-life-in-australian-adults-aged-50-years-and-over-data-using-the-schedule-for-the-evaluation-of-individual-quality-of-life-seiqol-dw
#20
Sofia Robleda, Nancy A Pachana
OBJECTIVES: This study explored unique and personal domains associated with quality of life (QOL) in 153 mid-aged and older Australian adults over age 50, using an innovative measure of individualized QOL, the Schedule for the Evaluation of Individual Quality of Life (SEIQOL-DW). METHODS: Demographic measures as well as the SEIQOL-DW were administered. The qualitative responses on this scale were analyzed by Leximancer, a text analysis program that extracts semantic meaning and relational information automatically from text...
October 27, 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
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