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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775991/redefining-perinatal-experience-a-philosophical-exploration-of-a-hypothetical-case-of-gender-diversity-in-labour-and-birth
#1
Brianna Richardson, Sheri Price, Marsha Campbell-Yeo
OBJECTIVE AND AIMS: Using a queer phenomenological approach, the objective of this philosophical analysis is to explore the transgender experience in highly gendered clinical areas, such as the birth unit, and make recommendations on how to provide perinatal care that is inclusive of gender diversity within these areas. This paper aims to describes a hypothetical clinical experience to provide insight on the institutional barriers that currently exist and to provide nurses and midwives with pragmatic strategies to enhance gender-diverse care in general and gendered clinical areas...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775969/the-scale-on-community-care-perceptions-scope-for-nursing-students-a-development-and-psychometric-validation-study
#2
Margriet van Iersel, Rien de Vos, Corine Latour, Paul A Kirschner, Wilma Scholte Op Reimer
The aim of this study was to develop a valid instrument to measure student nurses' perceptions of community care (SCOPE). DeVellis' staged model for instrument development and validation was used. Scale construction of SCOPE was based on existing literature. Evaluation of its psychometric properties included exploratory factor analysis and reliability analysis. After pilot-testing, 1062 bachelor nursing students from six institutions in the Netherlands (response rate 81%) took part in the study. SCOPE is a 35-item scale containing: background variables, 11 measuring the affective component, 5 measuring community care perception as a placement, 17 as a future profession, and 2 on the reasons underlying student preference...
May 11, 2018: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775916/cortisol-trajectory-melancholia-and-response-to-electroconvulsive-therapy
#3
Brian J Mickey, Yarden Ginsburg, Adam F Sitzmann, Clara Grayhack, Srijan Sen, Clemens Kirschbaum, Daniel F Maixner, James L Abelson
While biomarkers have been used to define pathophysiological types and to optimize treatment in many areas of medicine, in psychiatry such biomarkers remain elusive. Based on previously described abnormalities of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis function in severe forms of depression, we hypothesized that the temporal trajectory of basal cortisol levels would vary among individuals with depression due to heterogeneity in pathophysiology, and that cortisol trajectories that reflect elevated or increasing HPA activity would predict better response to electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775883/hydrolysis-and-recycling-of-urea-formaldehyde-resin-residues
#4
Ming Liu, Yan Wang, Yiqiang Wu, Hui Wan
Urea formaldehyde (UF) resin residues generate many poisonous chemicals during traditional disposal technologies for organic hazardous wastes. In this study, hydrothermal hydrolysis was developed to decompose, remove, and recycle cured UF resin. Under 140 °C and 2 h of hydrothermal process, 20 mL of either 2 M HCl or 30 w.t. % of formaldehyde solutions can decompose as much as 1.7 g of cured UF resin. In addition, from the attenuated total reflection Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR), gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy (GCMS), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and 1 H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) analyses, it confirmed that the hydrothermal hydrolysis could hydrolyze cured UF resin...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775870/adverse-and-adaptive-childhood-experiences-are-associated-with-parental-reflective-functioning-in-mothers-with-substance-use-disorder
#5
Ulrika Håkansson, Reidulf Watten, Kerstin Söderström, Finn Skårderud, Merete Glenne Øie
Mothers with a substance use disorder (SUD) are at risk for maladaptive parenting practices, and have heightened likelihood of having experienced childhood adversity themselves. In addition, parental reflective functioning (PRF), a capacity underlying sensitive caregiving, is often low in mothers with SUD. This study examines the relationship between PRF and aversive (emotional, physical, sexual abuse and neglect) and adaptive (safety and competence) experiences, in different developmental phases (early childhood, latency, and adolescence) in mothers with a SUD...
May 15, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775836/cognitive-and-behavioural-dispositions-in-offspring-at-high-risk-for-alcoholism
#6
Rajesh Kumar, Keshav Janakiprasad Kumar, Vivek Benegal
OBJECTIVES: Offspring with family history of alcoholism are considered to be at high risk for alcoholism. The present study sought to expand our understanding of cognitive and behavioural dispositions associated with executive control and self-regulation in alcohol naïve offspring with and without family history of alcoholism. METHODS: Sample comprised of alcohol naive offspring in two groups: (i) at high risk (n = 34) and (ii) at low risk for alcoholism (n = 34)...
May 15, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775762/aortic-vascular-calcification-is-inversely-associated-with-the-trabecular-bone-score-in-patients-receiving-dialysis
#7
Jasna Aleksova, Samantha Kurniawan, Mirna Vucak-Dzumhur, Peter Kerr, Peter R Ebeling, Frances Milat, Grahame J Elder
INTRODUCTION: Progressive chronic kidney disease (CKD) confers a marked increase in risk for vascular calcification, cardiovascular disease, fracture and mortality, with likely contributing factors including dysregulated bone metabolism and mineral homeostasis. In general population studies, increased vascular calcification is directly related to mortality and inversely related to bone mineral density (BMD) measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). In patients with CKD, abnormalities in turnover, mineralization and bone volume, reduce the ability of DXA to predict fracture...
May 15, 2018: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775687/effects-of-bronchodilation-on-biomarkers-of-peripheral-airway-inflammation-in-copd
#8
Pierachille Santus, Dejan Radovanovic, Susanna Mascetti, Alessia Pauletti, Vincenzo Valenti, Marco Mantero, Alberto Papi, Marco Contoli
Peripheral airway inflammation and dysfunction are key elements in the pathogenesis of COPD. The exhaled alveolar fraction of nitric oxide (CANO) is an indirect biomarker of lung peripheral inflammation. We tested whether inhaled long-acting bronchodilators (LABA) can affect CANO and we evaluated correlations with lung mechanics in patients with COPD. Two-centre, randomised, double blind, crossover study including COPD patients with moderate-to-severe airflow obstruction. Following a pharmacological washout, multi-flow exhaled fraction of NO (FENO), plethysmography, lung diffusion (DLCO), single breath nitrogen washout test and dyspnoea were measured in a crossover manner at baseline and 30, 60 and 180 minutes following administration of salmeterol (Sal) or formoterol fumarate (FF)...
May 15, 2018: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775619/proteomic-approach-to-profiling-immune-complex-antigens-in-cerebrospinal-fluid-samples-from-patients-with-central-nervous-system-autoimmune-diseases
#9
Nozomi Aibara, Kunihiro Ichinose, Miyako Baba, Hideki Nakajima, Katsuya Satoh, Ryuichiro Atarashi, Naoya Kishikawa, Noriyuki Nishida, Atsushi Kawakami, Naotaka Kuroda, Kaname Ohyama
BACKGROUND: Immune complexes (ICs) may clearly reflect immunological abnormalities caused by disease, especially for autoimmune diseases. Although ICs have been detected in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from patients with CNS autoimmune diseases, identities of antigens in such ICs have not been comprehensively determined. METHODS: We used immune complexome analysis, in which nano-liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry is employed to comprehensively identify antigens incorporated into ICs in biological fluids, to characterize ICs in CSF samples from patients with CNS autoimmune diseases, and to find disease-specific IC antigen to a certain CNS autoimmune disease...
May 15, 2018: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775509/exploring-the-growth-trajectory-of-cultural-competence-in-taiwanese-paediatric-nurses
#10
Chiu-I Chen, Mei-Chih Huang
AIM: The purpose of this study was to explore the evolution of cultural competence in Taiwanese paediatric nurses. BACKGROUND: Because transnational marriage has become a social phenomenon in Taiwan, the proportion of newborns of new immigrant mothers accounts for 8-10% of total births every year. Since family-centered care is the core value of paediatric nursing, it is necessary to teach caregivers how to take care of hospitalized children and perform related nursing care as well as to determine what difficulties nurses will encounter when they care for patients from diverse cultures and to find solutions for these problems...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775504/biomimetic-supramolecular-fibers-exhibit-water-induced-supercontraction
#11
Yuchao Wu, Darshil U Shah, Baoyuan Wang, Ji Liu, Xiaohe Ren, Michael H Ramage, Oren A Scherman
Spider silk is a fascinating material, combining high strength and elasticity that outperforms most synthetic fibers. Another intriguing feature of spider silk is its ability to "supercontract," shrinking up to 50% when exposed to water. This is likely on account of the entropy-driven recoiling of secondary structured proteins when water penetrates the spider silk. In contrast, humidity-driven contraction in synthetic fibers is difficult to achieve. Here, inspired by the spider silk model, a supercontractile fiber (SCF), which contracts up to 50% of its original length at high humidity, comparable to spider silk, is reported...
May 18, 2018: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775493/the-importance-of-reflecting-on-practice-how-personal-professional-development-activities-affect-perceived-teamwork-and-performance
#12
Annalena Welp, Anya Johnson, Helena Nguyen, Lin Perry
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationships between participation in personal professional development activities (e.g. coaching, mentoring), teamwork and performance; to investigate the mediating and moderating effects of reflective thinking and perceived usefulness of development activities. BACKGROUND: Professional development is associated with better performance and attitudes towards one's work. The current study adds to this research by focusing on understanding this effect and the conditions under which this occurs...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775291/reactive-uptake-of-glyoxal-by-ammonium-containing-salt-particles-as-a-function-of-relative-humidity
#13
Masao Gen, Dandan Huang, Chak Keung Chan
Reactions between dissolved ammonia and carbonyls, which form light-absorbing species in atmospheric particles, can be accelerated by actively removing water from the reaction system. Here, we examine the effects of relative humidity (RH) on the reactive uptake of glyoxal (Gly) by aqueous particles of ammonium sulfate (AS), ammonium bisulfate, sodium sulfate, magnesium sulfate, ammonium nitrate (AN), and sodium nitrate. In-situ Raman analysis was used to quantify particle-phase Gly and a colored product, 2,2'-biimidazole (BI) as a function of uptake time...
May 18, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775278/hybrid-nanomaterials-with-single-site-catalysts-by-spatially-controllable-immobilization-of-nickel-complexes-via-photoclick-chemistry-for-alkene-epoxidation
#14
Dwaipayan Ghosh, Benny Febriansyah, Disha Gupta, Leonard Kia-Sheun Ng, Shibo Xi, Yonghua Du, Tom Baikie, ZhiLi Dong, Han Sen Soo
Catalyst deactivation is a persistent problem not only for the scientific community but also in industry. Isolated single-site heterogeneous catalysts have shown great promise to overcome these problems. Here, a versatile anchoring strategy for molecular complex immobilization on a broad range of semiconducting or insulating metal oxide (e.g. titanium dioxide, mesoporous silica, cerium oxide, and tungsten oxide) nanoparticles to synthesize isolated single-site catalysts has been studied systematically. An oxidatively stable anchoring group, maleimide, is shown to form covalent linkages with surface hydroxyl functionalities of metal oxide nanoparticles by photoclick chemistry...
May 18, 2018: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775222/abca1-inhibits-pdgf-induced-proliferation-and-migration-of-rat-airway-smooth-muscle-cell-through-blocking-tlr2-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-nfatc1-signaling
#15
Wei Cheng, Kun Yan, Yanni Chen, Wen Zhang, Zongzheng Ji, Chengxue Dang
Airway remodeling is a key feature of asthma, characterized by abnormal proliferation and migration of airway smooth muscle cells (ASMCs). ABCA1, a member of the ATP-binding cassette family of active transporters, plays an essential role in the progression of lung diseases. However, the contributions of ABCA1 in ASMCs remain to be explored. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the functional role and potential molecular mechanism of ABCA1 in platelet derived growth factor (PDGF)-induced primary rat ASMC proliferation and migration...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775218/unilateral-movement-preparation-causes-task-specific-modulation-of-tms-responses-in-the-passive-opposite-limb
#16
Lilian Chye, Stephan Riek, Aymar de Rugy, Richard G Carson, Timothy J Carroll
Corticospinal excitability is modulated for muscles on both sides of the body during unilateral movement preparation. For the effector, there is a progressive increase in excitability, and a shift in direction of muscle twitches evoked by transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) toward the impending movement. By contrast, the directional characteristics of excitability changes in the opposite (passive) limb have not been fully characterized. Here we assessed how preparation of voluntary forces towards four spatially distinct visual targets with the left wrist alters muscle twitches and motor evoked potentials (MEPs) elicited by TMS of left motor cortex...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775130/taxonomy-of-clinical-encounters-during-the-first-90-days-post-delivery-of-an-initial-lower-limb-prosthesis
#17
Daniel Joseph Lee, Michael Wininger, David Mahler, Mark Parisi
BACKGROUND: The incidence and etiology of prosthetic services utilization is poorly understood during the first 90 days post-delivery of the initial lower limb prosthesis. This period is of critical importance, as prevailing policy dictates limits on the reimbursement for certain services provided during this time period. The first step in understanding the financial ramifications of such policy is to examine the taxonomy behind clinical encounters during this tenuous time period. OBJECTIVES: Quantify and categorize clinical encounters by incidence and etiology...
May 1, 2018: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775112/attitudes-towards-severe-mental-illness-and-social-distance-a-survey-of-volunteer-befrienders-in-austria
#18
Sarah Toner, Karin Fabisch, Stefan Priebe, Gϋnter Klug
BACKGROUND: Research suggests there is a propensity for people in the general population to distance themselves from people with severe mental illness (SMI), which reportedly decreases with increased contact with individuals with SMI. Volunteer befrienders in the mental health sector have ongoing contact with this population, yet little data exist to reflect their attitudes towards people with SMI. METHOD: A questionnaire was distributed to all volunteer befrienders for people with SMI within volunteering programmes organised in five Austrian regions...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775073/diffuse-gliomas-for-nonneuropathologists-the-new-integrated-molecular-diagnostics
#19
Sunhee C Lee
Diffuse gliomas comprise the bulk of "brain cancer" in adults. The recent update to the 4th edition of the World Health Organization's classification of tumors of the central nervous system reflects an unprecedented change in the landscape of the diagnosis and management of diffuse gliomas that will affect all those involved in the management and care of patients. Of the recently discovered gene alterations, mutations in the Krebs cycle enzymes isocitrate dehydrogenases (IDHs) 1 and 2 have fundamentally changed the way the gliomas are understood and classified...
May 18, 2018: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775034/humanities-in-medicine-a-road-to-reflect-on-clinical-practice
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
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