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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945059/tissue-dielectric-constant-and-circumference-measurement-in-the-follow-up-of-treatment-related-changes-in-lower-limb-lymphedema
#1
Alper Tugral, Tuomas Viren, Yesim Bakar
BACKGROUND: Lymphedema of lower limbs is a chronic condition that requires life-long management. Therapeutic effect of Complex Decongestive Physiotherapy (CDP) is most often followed by circumference measurements (CM). However, the CM measurements are not specific to interstitial tissue fluid and have problems in sensitivity and objectivity. The aim of present study was to evaluate the therapeutic effect of CDP with a new tissue water specific measurement technique, in patients with lower limb lymphedema (LLL)...
September 22, 2017: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945047/-analysis-of-chinese-patent-medicine-prescriptions-for-qi-stagnation-and-blood-stasis-syndrome
#2
Jia-Liang Gao, Guang Chen, Qing-Yong He, Jun Li, Jie Wang
To analyze the medication characteristics and compatibility rules in treatment of Qi stagnation and blood stasis syndrome. Chinese patent medicine prescriptions for Qi stagnation and blood stasis were collected from the 2015 edition of Pharmacopoeia of the people's Republic of China(herein after referred to as Chinese Pharmacopoeia) and Drug Standards of the People's Republic of China Ministry of Public Health-Chinese Patent Drug(herein after referred to as Chinese Patent Drug). Traditional Chinese medicine inheritance support system(TCMISS V2...
January 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945046/-analysis-of-on-medication-rules-for-qi-deficiency-and-blood-stasis-syndrome-of-chronic-heart-failure-based-on-data-mining-technology
#3
Qian Wang, Geng-Zhen Yao, Guang-Ming Pan, Jing-Yi Huang, Yi-Pei An, Xu Zou
To analyze the medication features and the regularity of prescriptions of traditional Chinese medicine in treating patients with Qi-deficiency and blood-stasis syndrome of chronic heart failure based on modern literature. In this article, CNKI Chinese academic journal database, Wanfang Chinese academic journal database and VIP Chinese periodical database were all searched from January 2000 to December 2015 for the relevant literature on traditional Chinese medicine treatment for Qi-deficiency and blood-stasis syndrome of chronic heart failure...
January 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944991/a-qualitative-study-exploring-midwives-perceptions-and-knowledge-of-maternal-obesity-reflecting-on-their-experiences-of-providing-healthy-eating-and-weight-management-advice-to-pregnant-women
#4
Mary T McCann, Lisa Newson, Catriona Burden, Jane S Rooney, Margaret S Charnley, Julie C Abayomi
Midwives are responsible for providing advice regarding the complex issues of healthy eating and weight management during pregnancy. This study utilised an inductive data-driven thematic approach in order to determine midwives' perceptions, knowledge, and experiences of providing healthy eating and weight management advice to pregnant women. Semistructured interviews with 17 midwives were transcribed verbatim and data subjected to thematic analysis. The findings offer insight into the challenges facing midwives in their role trying to promote healthy eating and appropriate weight management to pregnant women...
September 25, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944827/cerebral-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-induces-airway-mucus-hypersecretion-in-rats-and-activates-il%C3%A2-13%C3%A2-associated-inflammatory-mechanisms
#5
Baoning Xu, Lei Zhang, Yuqin Che, Chengyang Song, Wenjun Jiang, Jianhua Fan, Dali Tian
The majority of patients that suffer a stroke have excessive sputum, which accelerates the development of pulmonary complications. However, it is unclear whether cerebral ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) injury induces mucus hypersecretion, and the potential role of inflammation remains unknown. In the present study, the reversible middle cerebral artery occlusion model was applied in rats to induce cerebral I/R injury. The rats were grouped according to the duration of reperfusion (6, 12, 24, 48 and 72 h). Neurological dysfunction was evaluated by Longa scoring and lung dry‑to‑wet weight (dw/ww) ratios were determined to reflect the degree of mucus secretion...
September 19, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944699/compiling-standardized-information-from-clinical-practice-using-content-analysis-and-icf-linking-rules-in-a-goal-oriented-youth-rehabilitation-program
#6
Nadia A Lustenberger, Birgit Prodinger, Delgerjargal Dorjbal, Sara Rubinelli, Klaus Schmitt, Anke Scheel-Sailer
PURPOSE: To illustrate how routinely written narrative admission and discharge reports of a rehabilitation program for eight youths with chronic neurological health conditions can be transformed to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health. METHODS: First, a qualitative content analysis was conducted by building meaningful units with text segments assigned of the reports to the five elements of the Rehab-Cycle(®): goal; assessment; assignment; intervention; evaluation...
September 23, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944617/genetic-diversity-anti-microbial-resistance-plasmid-profile-and-frequency-of-the-vi-antigen-in-salmonella-dublin-strains-isolated-in-brazil
#7
F P Vilela, M R Frazão, D P Rodrigues, R G Costa, M R T Casas, S A Fernandes, J P Falcão, F Campioni
Salmonella Dublin is strongly adapted to cattle causing enteritis and/or systemic disease with high rates of mortality. However, it can be sporadically isolated from humans, usually causing serious disease, especially in patients with underlying chronic diseases. The aim of this study was to molecularly type S. Dublin strains isolated from humans and animals in Brazil to verify the diversity of these strains as well as to ascertain possible differences between strains isolated from humans and animals. Moreover, the presence of the capsular antigen Vi and the plasmid profile was characterized in addition to the anti-microbial resistance against 15 drugs...
September 24, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944562/autoantibodies-against-aldehyde-modified-collagen-type-iv-are-associated-with-risk-of-development-of-myocardial-infarction
#8
J Vallejo, P Dunér, G N Fredrikson, J Nilsson, E Bengtsson
BACKGROUND: Oxidation of LDL particles entrapped in the extracellular matrix of the arterial wall is a key factor in the development of atherosclerosis. Lipid oxidation products, such as malondialdehyde (MDA), react with surrounding extracellular matrix proteins and cause modifications that are recognized by the immune system. MDA modification of collagen type IV is increased in carotid lesions from symptomatic patients and correlates with autoantibodies against MDA-modified collagen type IV in plasma...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944558/imaging-the-neuroimmune-response-to-alcohol-exposure-in-adolescent-baboons-a-tspo-pet-study-using-18-f-dpa-714
#9
Wadad Saba, Sébastien Goutal, Sylvain Auvity, Bertrand Kuhnast, Christine Coulon, Virginie Kouyoumdjian, Irène Buvat, Claire Leroy, Nicolas Tournier
The effects of acute alcohol exposure to the central nervous system are hypothesized to involve the innate immune system. The neuroimmune response to an initial and acute alcohol exposure was investigated using translocator protein 18 kDa (TSPO) PET imaging, a non-invasive marker of glial activation, in adolescent baboons. Three different alcohol-naive adolescent baboons (3-4 years old, 9 to 14 kg) underwent (18) F-DPA-714 PET experiments before, during and 7-12 months after this initial alcohol exposure (0...
September 25, 2017: Addiction Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944541/overcoming-the-other-race-effect-in-infancy-with-multisensory-redundancy-10-12-month-olds-discriminate-dynamic-other-race-faces-producing-speech
#10
Nicholas J Minar, David J Lewkowicz
We tested 4-6- and 10-12-month-old infants to investigate whether the often-reported decline in infant sensitivity to other-race faces may reflect responsiveness to static or dynamic/silent faces rather than a general process of perceptual narrowing. Across three experiments, we tested discrimination of either dynamic own-race or other-race faces which were either accompanied by a speech syllable, no sound, or a non-speech sound. Results indicated that 4-6- and 10-12-month-old infants discriminated own-race as well as other-race faces accompanied by a speech syllable, that only the 10-12-month-olds discriminated silent own-race faces, and that 4-6-month-old infants discriminated own-race and other-race faces accompanied by a non-speech sound but that 10-12-month-old infants only discriminated own-race faces accompanied by a non-speech sound...
September 24, 2017: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944474/altered-neural-oscillations-during-multisensory-integration-in-adolescents-with-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorder
#11
Alfredo D Bolaños, Brian A Coffman, Felicha T Candelaria-Cook, Piyadasa Kodituwakku, Julia M Stephen
BACKGROUND: Children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD), who were exposed to alcohol in utero, display a broad range of sensory, cognitive, and behavioral deficits, which are broadly theorized to be rooted in altered brain function and structure. Based on the role of neural oscillations in multisensory integration from past studies, we hypothesized that adolescents with FASD would show a decrease in oscillatory power during event-related gamma oscillatory activity (30-100Hz), when compared to typically-developing healthy controls (HC), and that such decrease in oscillatory power would predict behavioral performance...
September 25, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944413/longer-term-baerveldt-to-trabectome-glaucoma-surgery-comparison-using-propensity-score-matching
#12
Tigran Kostanyan, Tarek Shazly, Kevin B Kaplowitz, Steven Z Wang, Sushma Kola, Eric N Brown, Nils A Loewen
PURPOSE: To apply propensity score matching to compare Baerveldt glaucoma drainage implant (BGI) to Trabectome-mediated ab interno trabeculectomy (AIT). Recent data suggests that AIT can produce results similar to BGI which is traditionally reserved for more severe glaucoma. METHODS: BGI and AIT patients with at least 1 year of follow-up were included. The primary outcome measures were intraocular pressure (IOP), number of glaucoma medications, and a Glaucoma Index (GI) score...
September 25, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944395/combined-measurement-of-directional-raman-scattering-and-surface-plasmon-polariton-cone-from-adsorbates-on-smooth-planar-gold-surfaces
#13
Charles K A Nyamekye, Stephen C Weibel, Jonathan M Bobbitt, Emily A Smith
Directional-surface-plasmon-coupled Raman scattering (directional RS) has the combined benefits of surface plasmon resonance and Raman spectroscopy, and provides the ability to measure adsorption and monolayer-sensitive chemical information. Directional RS is performed by optically coupling a 50 nm gold film to a Weierstrass prism in the Kretschmann configuration and scanning the angle of the incident laser under total internal reflection. The collected parameters on the prism side of the interface include a full surface-plasmon-polariton cone and the full Raman signal radiating from the cone as a function of incident angle...
September 25, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944305/network-organization-is-globally-atypical-in-autism-a-graph-theory-study-of-intrinsic-functional-connectivity
#14
Christopher L Keown, Michael C Datko, Colleen P Chen, José Omar Maximo, Afrooz Jahedi, Ralph-Axel Müller
BACKGROUND: Despite abundant evidence of brain network anomalies in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), findings have varied from broad functional underconnectivity to broad overconnectivity. Rather than pursuing overly simplifying general hypotheses ('under' vs. 'over'), we tested the hypothesis of atypical network distribution in ASD (i.e., participation of unusual loci in distributed functional networks). METHODS: We used a selective high-quality data subset from the ABIDE datashare (including 111 ASD and 174 typically developing [TD] participants) and several graph theory metrics...
January 2017: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944293/preventing-caries-in-american-indian-children-lost-battle-or-new-hope
#15
J Albino, T S Batliner, T Tiwari
Knowledge Transfer Statement: Preventing early childhood caries in American Indian children has proved to be an unexpectedly challenging goal. Biological and behavioral variables, as well as parental psychosocial characteristics and experiences, suggest new routes for understanding and mitigating the progress of disease. We provide our reflections after a decade of studying these issues in collaboration with tribal communities.
October 2017: JDR Clinical and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944274/time-motion-analysis-as-a-novel-approach-for-evaluating-the-impact-of-environmental-heat-exposure-on-labor-loss-in-agriculture-workers
#16
Leonidas G Ioannou, Lydia Tsoutsoubi, George Samoutis, Lucka Kajfez Bogataj, Glen P Kenny, Lars Nybo, Tord Kjellstrom, Andreas D Flouris
Introduction: In this study we (i) introduced time-motion analysis for assessing the impact of workplace heat on the work shift time spent doing labor (WTL) of grape-picking workers, (ii) examined whether seasonal environmental differences can influence their WTL, and (iii) investigated whether their WTL can be assessed by monitoring productivity or the vineyard manager's estimate of WTL. Methods: Seven grape-picking workers were assessed during the summer and/or autumn via video throughout four work shifts...
2017: Temperature: Multidisciplinary Biomedical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944233/protein-structure-and-phenotypic-analysis-of-pathogenic-and-population-missense-variants-in-stxbp1
#17
Mohnish Suri, Jochem M G Evers, Roman A Laskowski, Sinead O'Brien, Kate Baker, Jill Clayton-Smith, Tabib Dabir, Dragana Josifova, Shelagh Joss, Bronwyn Kerr, Alison Kraus, Meriel McEntagart, Jenny Morton, Audrey Smith, Miranda Splitt, Janet M Thornton, Caroline F Wright
BACKGROUND: Syntaxin-binding protein 1, encoded by STXBP1, is highly expressed in the brain and involved in fusing synaptic vesicles with the plasma membrane. Studies have shown that pathogenic loss-of-function variants in this gene result in various types of epilepsies, mostly beginning early in life. We were interested to model pathogenic missense variants on the protein structure to investigate the mechanism of pathogenicity and genotype-phenotype correlations. METHODS: We report 11 patients with pathogenic de novo mutations in STXBP1 identified in the first 4293 trios of the Deciphering Developmental Disorder (DDD) study, including six missense variants...
September 2017: Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944229/targeting-trisomic-treatments-optimizing-dyrk1a-inhibition-to-improve-down-syndrome-deficits
#18
REVIEW
Megan Stringer, Charles R Goodlett, Randall J Roper
Overexpression of Dual-specificity tyrosine-phosphorylated regulated kinase 1A (DYRK1A), located on human chromosome 21, may alter molecular processes linked to developmental deficits in Down syndrome (DS). Trisomic DYRK1A is a rational therapeutic target, and although reductions in Dyrk1a genetic dosage have shown improvements in trisomic mouse models, attempts to reduce Dyrk1a activity by pharmacological mechanisms and correct these DS-associated phenotypes have been largely unsuccessful. Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) inhibits DYRK1A activity in vitro and this action has been postulated to account for improvement of some DS-associated phenotypes that have been reported in preclinical studies and clinical trials...
September 2017: Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944210/effect-of-open-ultraviolet-germicidal-irradiation-lamps-on-functionality-of-excimer-lasers-used-in-cornea-surgery
#19
Jaroslavas Belovickis, Aliaksei Kurylenka, Vadim Murashko
We report on the impact of direct ultraviolet germicidal irradiation (UVGI) on reflective optics, used in the excimer laser system Allegretto Eye-Q. The aim of our work was to confirm our hypothesis based on long-rate observations of obtained anomalies in post-operative results that are attributed to degradation of reflective optics upon ultraviolet radiation. The presence of direct UVGI coupled with humidity in the operating environment caused merging anomalies and unwanted post-operative correction values...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944141/nationwide-trends-of-hospitalizations-for-cystic-fibrosis-in-the-united-states-from-2003-to-2013
#20
Abhinav Agrawal, Abhishek Agarwal, Dhruv Mehta, Rutuja R Sikachi, Doantrang Du, Janice Wang
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a multisystem autosomal recessive genetic disorder with significant advances in early diagnosis and treatment in the last decade. It is important to provide updated information regarding these changing demographics as they also reflect a considerable improvement in survival. We analyzed the National Inpatient Sample Database (NIS) in the United States for all patients in which CF was the primary discharge diagnosis (ICD-9: 277.0-277.09) from 2003 to 2013 to evaluate the rate of hospitalizations and determine the cost and mortality associated with CF along with other epidemiological findings...
August 2017: Intractable & Rare Diseases Research
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