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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813592/3d-printed-phema-materials-for-topographical-and-biochemical-modulation-of-dorsal-root-ganglion-cell-response
#1
Adina Badea, Joselle M McCracken, Emily G Tillmaand, Mikhail Eugene Kandel, Aaron W Oraham, Molly B Mevis, Stanislav S Rubakhin, Gabriel Popescu, Jonathan V Sweedler, Ralph G Nuzzo
Understanding and controlling the interactions occurring between cells and engineered materials are central challenges towards progress in the development of biomedical devices. In this work, we describe materials for direct ink writing (DIW), an extrusion-based type of 3D printing, that embed a custom synthetic protein (RGD-PDL) within the microfilaments of 3D-hydrogel scaffolds to modify these interactions and differentially direct tissue-level organization of complex cell populations in vitro. The RGD-PDL is synthesized by modifying poly-ᴅ-lysine (PDL) to varying extents with peptides containing the integrin-binding motif Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD)...
August 16, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813075/violence-in-schools-and-the-voice-of-teachers
#2
Rodrigo Dornelas, Thaynara Alves Dos Santos, Daniela Sena de Oliveira, Roxane de Alencar Irineu, Aline Brito, Kelly Silva
Purpose: To correlate self-reporting of voice disorders with habits that impact voice production and situations of violence experienced by teachers. Methods: The study involved 41 elementary-school teachers of rural and urban areas. Two instruments were used for data collection: The Vocal Production Condition - Teacher (CPV-P) questionnaire and the Screening Index for Voice Disorders - ITDV. The chi-square test was used to verify association among variables with a significance level of 5%...
August 10, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812845/a-qualitative-assessment-of-the-evidence-utilization-for-health-policy-making-on-the-basis-of-support-tools-in-a-developing-country
#3
Mohammad Hasan Imani-Nasab, Hesam Seyedin, Bahareh Yazdizadeh, Reza Majdzadeh
BACKGROUND: SUPPORT tools consist of 18 articles addressing the health policy-makers so that they can learn how to make evidence-informed health policies. These tools have been particularly recommended for developing countries. The present study tries to explain the process of evidence utilization for developing policy documents in the Iranian Ministry of Health and Medical Education (MoHME) and to compare the findings with those of SUPPORT tools. METHODS: A qualitative research was conducted, using the framework analysis approach...
January 8, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811981/-how-to-write-a-scientific-paper-tips-and-highlights-from-the-global-spine-congress-members-only-session
#4
EDITORIAL
Jeffrey C Wang, Jens R Chapman, Karsten Wiechert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811837/an-interview-with-samuel-shem-author-of-the-house-of-god
#5
Claire Brash
Dr Stephen Bergman, Professor of medical humanities at New York University, writes under the name Samuel Shem. He is an acclaimed author of several novels, plays and textbooks, and his work has been translated into several languages -'The House of God' his first novel has sold over 3 million copies. His work exposes the potential moral challenges of the medical workplace and the connection between values, good relationships and healing. In 2015 he visited the UK for medical humanities academic tour which included keynote talks at the RCGP 2015 Annual Conference and at the Royal Society of Medicine...
July 2017: London Journal of Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811736/mentored-training-to-increase-diversity-among-faculty-in-the-biomedical-sciences-the-nhlbi-summer-institute-programs-to-increase-diversity-sipid-and-the-programs-to-increase-diversity-among-individuals-engaged-in-health-related-research-pride
#6
Treva K Rice, Donna B Jeffe, Josephine E A Boyington, Jared B Jobe, Victor G Dávila-Román, Juan E Gonzalez, Lisa de Las Fuentes, Levi H C Makala, Rita Sarkar, Gbenga G Ogedegbe, Anne L Taylor, Susan Czajkowski, Dabeeru C Rao, Betty S Pace, Girardin Jean-Louis, Mohamed Boutjdir
OBJECTIVE: To report baseline characteristics of junior-level faculty participants in the Summer Institute Programs to Increase Diversity (SIPID) and the Programs to Increase Diversity among individuals engaged in Health-Related Research (PRIDE), which aim to facilitate participants' career development as independent investigators in heart, lung, blood, and sleep research. DESIGN AND SETTING: Junior faculty from groups underrepresented in the biomedical-research workforce attended two, 2-3 week, annual summer research-education programs at one of six sites...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810985/multimedia-campaign-enhances-orthopaedic-patient-perceptions-of-health-care-quality-a-prospective-analysis-of-effect-at-a-military-treatment-facility
#7
Andrew J Sheean, James N Foster, James K Aden, Creighton C Tubb, Anthony E Johnson, Daniel J Stinner
BACKGROUND: The importance of patient satisfaction as a measure of quality has grown with initiatives intended to enhance demand for services, refocus reimbursement paradigms, encourage health care efficiencies, and ultimately improve clinical outcomes. The purpose of our performance improvement project was to (1) characterize the effect of a two-pronged multimedia initiative on patient perceptions of health care quality and satisfaction as assessed by the Army Provider Level Satisfaction Survey (APLSS) and (2) assess for differences in APLSS scores between the surgeons that did and did not participate in the program...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810461/a-journey-to-hiv-prevention-research-from-social-psychology-to-social-health-via-multidisciplinarity
#8
Susan Kippax
This article is a personal account of my research in HIV prevention and how and why I navigated my way from social psychology to 'social health' via multidisciplinarity. My work in HIV prevention - from 1984 to the present day - developed my understandings of epistemology, building on and expanding the ways in which I undertook research. This article describes those whose writings and research influenced me and the input of colleagues and students. It also demonstrates my disquiet with the individualism of psychology as a way of thinking about what was needed to prevent HIV transmission...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810348/-a-preliminary-discussion-on-the-contents-and-value-of-all-diseases-1-the-medical-bamboo-slips-unearthed-from-han-tomb-in-laoguanshan-of-chengdu
#9
Y Ye, Q Zhang, Y L Ren, J M Li
Among the medical bamboo slips unearthed from Han tomb in Laoguanshan of Chengdu, the Zhu bing (All Diseases) is a monograph to discuss the characteristics of signs and symptoms. Based on the differences of writing styles, diseases involved, expounding methods and writing rules, the book is divided, by the research team, into 2 parts: All Diseases(1) and All Diseases(2). All Diseases(1) includes over 130 slips, 2 000 characters with totally more than 100 disease names, containing multiple clinical disciplines...
May 28, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810135/is-processing-of-symbols-and-words-influenced-by-writing-system-evidence-from-chinese-korean-english-and-greek
#10
Angeliki Altani, George K Georgiou, Ciping Deng, Jeung-Ryeul Cho, Katerina Katopodi, Wei Wei, Athanassios Protopapas
We examined cross-linguistic effects in the relationship between serial and discrete versions of digit naming and word reading. In total, 113 Mandarin-speaking Chinese children, 100 Korean children, 112 English-speaking Canadian children, and 108 Greek children in Grade 3 were administered tasks of serial and discrete naming of words and digits. Interrelations among tasks indicated that the link between rapid naming and reading is largely determined by the format of the tasks across orthographies. Multigroup path analyses with discrete and serial word reading as dependent variables revealed commonalities as well as significant differences between writing systems...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809465/recoverable-self-polarization-in-lead-free-bismuth-sodium-titanate-piezoelectric-thin-films
#11
Jinyan Zhao, Wei Ren, Gang Niu, Nan Zhang, Guohua Dong, Lingyan Wang, Ming Liu, Peng Shi, Zuo-Guang Ye
Bismuth sodium titanate, Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3 (BNT), is a promising lead-free ferroelectric material. However, its potential applications have not been fully explored, mainly because of the complex domain structure arising from its intricate phase transitions. A deep and thorough study of its domain structure and polarization switching behavior will greatly help with understanding the polarization nature and with promoting future applications. In this work, we demonstrate that BNT polycrystalline films possess a highly ordered out-of-plane polarization (self-polarization) and randomly oriented in-plane polarizations...
August 15, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808235/direct-ink-write-diw-3d-printed-cellulose-nanocrystal-aerogel-structures
#12
Vincent Chi-Fung Li, Conner K Dunn, Zhe Zhang, Yulin Deng, H Jerry Qi
Pure cellulose nanocrystal (CNC) aerogels with controlled 3D structures and inner pore architecture are printed using the direct ink write (DIW) technique. While traditional cellulosic aerogel processing approaches lack the ability to easily fabricate complete aerogel structures, DIW 3D printing followed by freeze drying can overcome this shortcoming and can produce CNC aerogels with minimal structural shrinkage or damage. The resultant products have great potential in applications such as tissue scaffold templates, drug delivery, packaging, etc...
August 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806150/the-puncta-enigma
#13
Daniel J Klionsky
This Editor's Corner may sound like the title of a mystery novel, but it actually reflects a question I have about the puncta articles that appear in Autophagy. In particular, I am surprised by the number of solicitations sent out for puncta that are either ignored, or, less frequently, declined. It is not that I expect the principal investigator (PI) to find the invitation to write a punctum undeniably attractive. Rather, it is the unilateral decision that it is not worthwhile for graduate students or postdocs who performed the work---and likely wrote at least the first draft of the paper---to write the punctum...
August 14, 2017: Autophagy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805652/alloy-multilayers-and-ternary-nanostructures-by-direct-write-approach
#14
Fabrizio Porrati, Roland Sachser, Gian Carlo Gazzadi, Stefano Frabboni, Andreas Terfort, Michael Huth
The fabrication of nanopatterned multilayers, as used in optical and magnetic applications, is usually achieved by two independent steps, which consist in the preparation of multilayer films and in the successive patterning by means of lithography and etching processes. Here we show that multilayer nanostructures can be fabricated by using focused electron beam induced deposition (FEBID), which allows the direct writing of nanostructures of any desired shape with nanoscale resolution. In particular, [Co2Fe=Si]n multilayers are prepared by the alternating deposition from the metal carbonyl precursors, HFeCo3(CO)12 and Fe(CO)5, and neopentasilane, Si5H12...
August 14, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805517/further-commentary-on-the-pace-trial-biased-methods-and-unreliable-outcomes
#15
Keith J Geraghty
Geraghty in the year 2016, outlines a range of controversies surrounding publication of results from the PACE trial and discusses a freedom of information case brought by a patient refused access to data from the trial. The PACE authors offer a response, writing 'Dr Geraghty's views are based on misunderstandings and misrepresentations of the PACE trial'. This article draws on expert commentaries to further detail the critical methodological failures and biases identified in the PACE trial, which undermine the reliability and credibility of the major findings to emerge from this trial...
August 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805364/laser-direct-writing-of-tree-shaped-hierarchical-cones-on-a-superhydrophobic-film-for-high-efficiency-water-collection
#16
Meng Wang, Qian Liu, Haoran Zhang, Chuang Wang, Lei Wang, Bingxi Xiang, Yongtao Fan, Chuanfei Guo, Shuangchen Ruan
Directional water collection has stimulated a great deal of interests because of its potential applications in the field of microfluidics, liquid transportation, fog harvesting, and so forth. There have been some bio or bioinspired structures for directional water collection, from one-dimensional spider silk to two-dimensional star-like patterns to three-dimensional Nepenthes alata. Here we present a simple way for the accurate design and highly controllable driving of tiny droplets: by laser direct writing of hierarchical patterns with modified wettability and desired geometry on a superhydrophobic film, the patterned film can precisely and directionally drive tiny water droplets, and dramatically improve the efficiency of water collection with a factor of ~36...
August 14, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804452/supervised-and-unsupervised-learning-technology-in-the-study-of-rodent-behavior
#17
REVIEW
Katsiaryna V Gris, Jean-Philippe Coutu, Denis Gris
Quantifying behavior is a challenge for scientists studying neuroscience, ethology, psychology, pathology, etc. Until now, behavior was mostly considered as qualitative descriptions of postures or labor intensive counting of bouts of individual movements. Many prominent behavioral scientists conducted studies describing postures of mice and rats, depicting step by step eating, grooming, courting, and other behaviors. Automated video assessment technologies permit scientists to quantify daily behavioral patterns/routines, social interactions, and postural changes in an unbiased manner...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803223/social-responsibilities-of-a-physician-reflections-of-major-general-s-l-bhatia-1891-1981
#18
Radhika Hegde, Mario Vaz
This paper examines various documents written by Major General SL Bhatia CIE, MC, IMS from the 1920s to the1960s on the "Social Responsibilities of a Physician". His reflections are of historical significance, since they provide us with an insight into the challenges confronting the people who attempted to rebuild a nation plagued by poverty resulting from fractured agricultural growth, a feudalistic social structure and the regional inequalities that accompany it, and prolonged imperial rule, among other things...
July 25, 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803221/reflective-student-narratives-honing-professionalism-and-empathy
#19
Upreet Dhaliwal, Satendra Singh, Navjeevan Singh
The affective domain is not explicitly targeted during medical studies and poor skills in this domain may lead to conflict when dealing with patients. Reflective narratives are said to promote humanitarianism and professional development. We aimed to examine reflective narratives written by medical students in our institution for content relating to ethical and professional Attitude and Behaviour, Communication, respect for Diversity and Disability, and Empathy (the ABCDE paradigm). We were also interested in understanding how far the students enjoyed learning through the writing of narratives and in determining their perceived learning from the exercise...
July 18, 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802938/impulse-control-and-related-disorders-in-parkinson-s-disease
#20
Daniel Weintraub, Daniel O Claassen
Impulse control disorders (ICDs), such as compulsive gambling, buying, sexual, and eating behaviors, are a serious and increasingly recognized complication in Parkinson's disease (PD), occurring in up to 20% of PD patients over the course of their illness. Related behaviors include punding (stereotyped, repetitive, purposeless behaviors), dopamine dysregulation syndrome (DDS) (compulsive medication overuse), and hobbyism (e.g., compulsive internet use, artistic endeavors, and writing). These disorders have a significant impact on quality of life and function, strain interpersonal relationships, and worsen caregiver burden, and are associated with significant psychiatric comorbidity...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
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