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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913489/platelets-in-infectious-disease
#1
Elizabeth Middleton, Matthew T Rondina
Sepsis is a dynamic, acute, infectious disease syndrome characterized by dysregulated thrombo-inflammatory responses. The high mortality associated with sepsis has been recognized since the earliest clinicians' writings. Despite this, advances in the treatment of sepsis have been more modest. This is limited, in part, by the heterogeneity in the definition, population, presentation, and causal factors of infectious syndromes. Given the persistently high morbidity and mortality associated with sepsis, a better understanding of the dysregulated cellular biology underpinning sepsis is needed...
December 2, 2016: Hematology—the Education Program of the American Society of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913156/the-oral-spelling-profile-of-posterior-cortical-atrophy-and-the-nature-of-the-graphemic-representation
#2
Silvia Primativo, Keir X X Yong, Timothy J Shakespeare, Sebastian J Crutch
Spelling is a complex cognitive task where central and peripheral components are involved in engaging resources from many different cognitive processes. The present paper aims to both characterize the oral spelling deficit in a population of patients affected by a neurodegenerative condition and to clarify the nature of the graphemic representation within the currently available spelling models. Indeed, the nature of graphemic representation as a linear or multi-componential structure is still debated. Different hypotheses have been raised about its nature in the orthographic lexicon, with one positing that graphemes are complex objects whereby quantity and identity are separately represented in orthographic representations and can thus be selectively impaired...
November 29, 2016: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911542/higher-loop-amplitude-monodromy-relations-in-string-and-gauge-theory
#3
Piotr Tourkine, Pierre Vanhove
The monodromy relations in string theory provide a powerful and elegant formalism to understand some of the deepest properties of tree-level field theory amplitudes, like the color-kinematics duality. This duality has been instrumental in tremendous progress on the computations of loop amplitudes in quantum field theory, but a higher-loop generalization of the monodromy construction was lacking. In this Letter, we extend the monodromy relations to higher loops in open string theory. Our construction, based on a contour deformation argument of the open string diagram integrands, leads to new identities that relate planar and nonplanar topologies in string theory...
November 18, 2016: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911091/who-adopts-queer-and-pansexual-sexual-identities
#4
James S Morandini, Alexander Blaszczynski, Ilan Dar-Nimrod
Some nonheterosexual individuals are eschewing lesbian/gay and bisexual identities for queer and pansexual identities. The present study aimed to examine the sexual and demographic characteristics of nonheterosexual individuals who adopt these labels. A convenience sample of 2,220 nonheterosexual (1,459 lesbian/gay, 413 bisexual, 168 queer, 146 pansexual, and 34 other "write-in") individuals were recruited for a cross-sectional online survey. In support of our hypotheses, those adopting pansexual identities were younger than those adopting lesbian, gay, and bisexual identities, and those adopting queer and pansexual identities were more likely to be noncisgender than cisgender, and more likely to be cisgender women than men...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910450/first-order-reversal-curves-forc-analysis-of-individual-magnetic-nanostructures-using-micro-hall-magnetometry
#5
Merlin Pohlit, Paul Eibisch, Maryam Akbari, Fabrizio Porrati, Michael Huth, Jens Müller
Alongside the development of artificially created magnetic nanostructures, micro-Hall magnetometry has proven to be a versatile tool to obtain high-resolution hysteresis loop data and access dynamical properties. Here we explore the application of First Order Reversal Curves (FORC)-a technique well-established in the field of paleomagnetism for studying grain-size and interaction effects in magnetic rocks-to individual and dipolar-coupled arrays of magnetic nanostructures using micro-Hall sensors. A proof-of-principle experiment performed on a macroscopic piece of a floppy disk as a reference sample well known in the literature demonstrates that the FORC diagrams obtained by magnetic stray field measurements using home-built magnetometers are in good agreement with magnetization data obtained by a commercial vibrating sample magnetometer...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910338/a-streak-camera-based-fiber-optic-pulsed-polarimetry-technique-for-magnetic-sensing-to-sub-mm-resolution
#6
R J Smith, T E Weber
The technique of fiber optic pulsed polarimetry, which provides a distributed (local) measurement of the magnetic field along an optical fiber, has been improved to the point where, for the first time, photocathode based optical detection of backscatter is possible with sub-mm spatial resolutions. This has been realized through the writing of an array of deterministic fiber Bragg gratings along the fiber, a so-called backscatter-tailored optical fiber, producing a 34 000-fold increase in backscatter levels over Rayleigh...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910107/gestating-times-women-s-accounts-of-the-temporalities-of-pregnancies-that-end-in-abortion-in-england
#7
Siân M Beynon-Jones
Tensions between the 'clock time' of medicine and the embodied times of its subjects are central to feminist writing concerning Western obstetric practice. In this article, I expand the focus of this literature by addressing the temporal dynamics of another site of reproductive healthcare: abortion provision. Echoing obstetric accounts of birth, time in legal, healthcare and social scientific discourse on abortion is routinely conceptualised as a finite resource contained within the pregnant/foetal body, which can be measured using clocks and calendars...
December 2, 2016: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909016/using-student-writing-and-lexical-analysis-to-reveal-student-thinking-about-the-role-of-stop-codons-in-the-central-dogma
#8
Luanna B Prevost, Michelle K Smith, Jennifer K Knight
Previous work has shown that students have persistent difficulties in understanding how central dogma processes can be affected by a stop codon mutation. To explore these difficulties, we modified two multiple-choice questions from the Genetics Concept Assessment into three open-ended questions that asked students to write about how a stop codon mutation potentially impacts replication, transcription, and translation. We then used computer-assisted lexical analysis combined with human scoring to categorize student responses...
2016: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908576/the-united-states-pediatric-cardiology-2015-workforce-assessment-a%C3%A2-survey%C3%A2-of-current-training-and%C3%A2-employment-patterns-a-report-of-the-american-college-of-cardiology-american-heart-association-american-academy-of-pediatrics-section-on-cardiology-and-cardiac
#9
Robert D Ross, Shubhika Srivastava, Antonio G Cabrera, Holly S Ruch-Ross, Carrie L Radabaugh, L LuAnn Minich, William T Mahle, David W Brown
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 21, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907984/transnational-collaboration-for-faculty-development-in-health-professions-education-in-mongolia
#10
Hyun Bae Yoon, Jwa-Seop Shin, Seung-Hee Lee, Do-Hwan Kim, Minsun Sung, Nomin Amgalan, Tselmuun Chinzorig
PURPOSE: The Mongolian National University of Medical Sciences is the only national university in Mongolia and has produced more than 90% of health professionals in the country. Experts from Mongolia and Korea embarked on a collaborative effort to develop educational programs for faculty development based on the personal and professional needs of faculty members. This study aimed to evaluate the outcomes of those educational programs to determine whether this transnational collaboration was successful...
December 2016: Korean Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906820/using-editing-tools-to-enhance-assessment-objectivity-in-writing
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Nurse Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906771/postoperative-rehabilitation-of-low-energy-hip-fractures-in-the-elderly
#12
Robert H Quinn, Pekka A Mooar, Jayson N Murray, Ryan Pezold, Kaitlyn S Sevarino
Evidence-based information, in conjunction with the clinical expertise of physicians, was used to develop the Appropriate Use Criteria (AUC) document Postoperative Rehabilitation of Low Energy Hip Fractures in the Elderly to improve patient care and obtain the best outcomes while considering the subtleties and distinctions necessary in making clinical decisions. The AUC clinical patient scenarios were derived from patient indications that typically accompany hip fractures, as well as from current evidence-based clinical practice guidelines and supporting literature...
November 30, 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906408/spatially-uniform-resistance-switching-of-low-current-high-endurance-titanium-niobium-oxide-memristors
#13
Suhas Kumar, Noraica Davila, Ziwen Wang, Xiaopeng Huang, John Paul Strachan, David Vine, A L David Kilcoyne, Yoshio Nishi, R Stanley Williams
We analyzed micrometer-scale titanium-niobium-oxide prototype memristors, which exhibited low write-power (<3 μW) and energy (<200 fJ per bit per μm(2)), low read-power (∼nW), and high endurance (>millions of cycles). To understand their physico-chemical operating mechanisms, we performed in operando synchrotron X-ray transmission nanoscale spectromicroscopy using an ultra-sensitive time-multiplexed technique. We observed only spatially uniform material changes during cell operation, in sharp contrast to the frequently detected formation of a localized conduction channel in transition-metal-oxide memristors...
December 1, 2016: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906392/multiscale-directed-self-assembly-of-composite-microgels-in-complex-electric-fields
#14
Jérôme J Crassous, Ahmet F Demirörs
This study explored the application of localized electric fields for reversible directed self-assembly of colloidal particles in 3 dimensions. Electric field microgradients, arising from the use of micro-patterned electrodes, were utilized to direct the localization and self-assembly of polarizable (charged) particles resulting from a combination of dielectrophoretic and multipolar forces. Deionized dispersions of spherical and ellipsoidal core-shell microgels were employed for investigating their assembly under an external alternating electric field...
July 5, 2016: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906297/femtosecond-laser-direct-write-waveplates-based-on-stress-induced-birefringence
#15
Ben McMillen, Christos Athanasiou, Yves Bellouard
The use of femtosecond lasers to introduce controlled stress states has recently been demonstrated in silica glass. We use this technique, in combination with chemical etching, to generate and control stress-induced birefringence over a well-defined region of interest, demonstrating direct-write wave plates with precisely tailored retardance levels. This tailoring enables the fabrication of laser-written polarization optics that can be tuned to any wavelength for which silica is transparent, and with a clear aperture free of any laser modifications...
November 28, 2016: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906260/parameterization-of-the-mueller-matrix
#16
Colin J R Sheppard
A deterministic Mueller matrix (Mueller-Jones matrix) contains seven independent parameters. By writing the so-called coherence vector in parametric form, the Mueller matrix can also be written in parametric form, where the matrix elements automatically satisfy the known relationships between each other. Three of these parameters are also related to the so-called anisotropy coefficients. The approach is generalized to express all 16 elements of a general Mueller matrix in terms of a scalar and five three-dimensional vectors...
December 1, 2016: Journal of the Optical Society of America. A, Optics, Image Science, and Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905929/smoking-cessation-programmes-using-traditional-medicine-in-korea
#17
Soobin Jang, Yu Lee Park, Ju Ah Lee, Kyeong Han Kim, Eun-Kyoung Lee, Seung-Ho Sun, Yong-Cheol Shin, Seong-Gyu Ko, Sunju Park
BACKGROUND: There are growing interests in using various methods including traditional and complementary medicines (T&CM) for tobacco control. The study aimed to introduce how traditional Korean medicine (TKM) applied to smoking cessation programmes in Korea and to show the detail information of each programme for designing other smoke cessation programmes. METHODS: Reports of the smoke cessation programmes in Korea were searched on March 10th, 2016, from the webpages of the related agencies and the databases: the Ministry of Health and Welfare, the Korea Health Foundation, the Association of Korean Medicine, PubMed, Google scholar, the RISS, the KISS, the NDSL, and the OASIS...
December 1, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905926/understanding-clinical-and-non-clinical-decisions-under-uncertainty-a-scenario-based-survey
#18
Vlad V Simianu, Margaret A Grounds, Susan L Joslyn, Jared E LeClerc, Anne P Ehlers, Nidhi Agrawal, Rafael Alfonso-Cristancho, Abraham D Flaxman, David R Flum
BACKGROUND: Prospect theory suggests that when faced with an uncertain outcome, people display loss aversion by preferring to risk a greater loss rather than incurring certain, lesser cost. Providing probability information improves decision making towards the economically optimal choice in these situations. Clinicians frequently make decisions when the outcome is uncertain, and loss aversion may influence choices. This study explores the extent to which prospect theory, loss aversion, and probability information in a non-clinical domain explains clinical decision making under uncertainty...
December 1, 2016: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905255/rumination-and-self-reflection-in-stress-narratives-and-relations-to-psychological-functioning
#19
Kelly A Marin, Elena K Rotondo
The longitudinal study aims to expand what is known about the costs and benefits of narrating stressful experiences by exploring changes in rumination within the narrative process and comparing it to changes in self-reflection. Rumination (e.g., brooding, self-criticism, and negative emotions) and self-reflection were measured in stress narratives of 56 college students. There were several goals: (1) examine changes in narrative rumination and narrative self-reflection over 3 days of writing, (2) examine the relations among the changes in narrative rumination variables and narrative self-reflection and (3) examine how changes in narrative rumination and narrative self-reflection relate to multiple measures of psychological functioning...
January 2017: Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905185/how-to-write-a-paper-revising-your-manuscript
#20
Bruce Su'a, Wiremu S MacFater, Andrew G Hill
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 30, 2016: ANZ Journal of Surgery
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