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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440356/abnormal-ultrasound-appearance-of-the-amniotic-membranes-diagnostic-and-significance-a-pictorial-essay
#1
Liana Pleș, Romina Marina Sima, Cristina Moisei, Marius Alexandru Moga, Laura Dracea
The obstetrical ultrasound may identify the protrusion of the uterine surface or placental area into the amniotic cavity. The differential diagnosis of this pathology with uterine adhesions, septate uterus, circumvallate placenta, amniotic band or amniotic sheet can be sometimes difficult. The purpose of the pictorial essay is to exemplify the presence of the amniotic sheet and circumvallate placenta in routine obstetrics screening of all trimesters of pregnancy.
April 22, 2017: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436262/private-philanthropy-and-basic-research-in-mid-twentieth-century-america-the-hickrill-chemical-research-foundation
#2
Leon Gortler, Stephen J Weininger
The Hickrill Chemical Research Foundation, located north of New York City on the estate of its patrons, Sylvan and Ruth Alice Norman Weil, had a short (1948-59) but productive life. Ruth Alice Weil received a Ph.D. in organic chemistry in 1947, directed by William von Eggers Doering of Columbia University. She intended that Hickrill contribute to cancer chemotherapy while providing resources for Doering's more speculative research. Ultimately, Doering's commitment to theoretical organic chemistry set Hickrill's research agenda...
April 24, 2017: Ambix
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432224/a-bacterial-cause-of-cancer-an-historical-essay
#3
Marshall A Lichtman
This article reviews the history of the discovery of microbes that increase the risk of cancer of some tissues with a special emphasis on the bacterium Helicobacter pylori and the role played by two Australian physicians, neither schooled in research, who had open minds about the shibboleth that mycobacteria (acid-fast organisms) can survive the acid environment of the stomach, but that other pathogenic bacteria cannot. They discovered one of the most important human pathogens, Helicobacter pylori, and showed it capable of inducing severe gastric inflammatory disease...
April 21, 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430574/how-navigating-uncertainty-motivates-trust-in-medicine
#4
Jonathan B Imber
Three significant factors in the shaping of modern medicine contribute to broad perceptions about trust in the patient-physician relationship: moral, professional, and epidemiological uncertainty. Trusting a physician depends first on trusting a person, then trusting a person's skills and training, and finally trusting the science that underwrites those skills. This essay, in part based on my book, Trusting Doctors: The Decline of Moral Authority in American Medicine (Princeton University Press, 2008), will address the forms of uncertainty that contribute to the nature of difficult encounters in the patient-physician relationship...
April 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430565/do-physicians-have-an-ethical-duty-to-repair-relationships-with-so-called-difficult-patients
#5
Micah Johnson
This essay argues that physicians hold primary ethical responsibility for repairing damaged patient-physician relationships. The first section establishes that the patient-physician relationship has an important influence on patient health and argues that physicians' duty to treat should be understood as including a responsibility to repair broken relationships, regardless of which party was "responsible" for the initial tension. The second section argues that the person with more power to repair the relationship also has more responsibility to do so and considers the moral psychology of pain as foundational to conceiving the patient in this case as especially vulnerable and disempowered...
April 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428656/what-radiologists-should-know-about-tomographic-evaluation-of-acute-diverticulitis-of-the-colon
#6
Aline de Araújo Naves, Giuseppe D'Ippolito, Luis Ronan Marquez Ferreira Souza, Sílvia Portela Borges, Glênio Moraes Fernandes
Acute diverticulitis of the colon is a common indication for computed tomography, and its diagnosis and complications are essential to determining the proper treatment and establishing the prognosis. The adaptation of the surgical classification for computed tomography has allowed the extent of intestinal inflammation to be established, the computed tomography findings correlating with the indication for treatment. In addition, computed tomography has proven able to distinguish among the main differential diagnoses of diverticulitis...
March 2017: Radiologia Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428049/stem-cells-for-retinal-disease-a-perspective-on-the-promise-and-perils
#7
Rajesh C Rao, Vaidehi S Dedania, Mark W Johnson
PURPOSE: To summarize key concepts, and early safety and efficacy signals from clinical trials for stem/progenitor cell-based interventions for retinal disease. DESIGN: Interpretive essay. METHODS: Review and synthesis of selected recent reports of stem/progenitor cell-based approaches for retinal disease, with interpretation and perspective. RESULTS: Stem/progenitor cell-based interventions represent a novel class of potential therapies for retinal diseases, such as age-related macular degeneration, inherited retinal dystrophies, and others...
April 17, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425117/dream-homes-and-dead-ends-in-the-city-a-photo-essay-experiment
#8
Danya Fast
Research focused on the relationship between place and health demonstrates that it is complex and shifting, as overlapping social, historical, institutional and political and economic processes continually transform the landscapes in which lived experiences are embedded. Understanding this relationship requires knowledge of the situated meanings and local worlds that ethnographic methods are well suited to investigate. However, even conventional ethnographic methods can be inadequate to capture the embodied, lived experience of place - experiences in which the sensory and inner processes of memory and imagination are often privileged...
April 20, 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423232/a-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-anatomy-learning-experiences-questionnaire-and-correlations-with-learning-outcomes
#9
Derek L Choi-Lundberg, Anne-Marie M Williams, Craig Zimitat
The Anatomy Learning Experiences Questionnaire (ALEQ) was designed by Smith and Mathias to explore students' perceptions and experiences of learning anatomy. In this study, the psychometric properties of a slightly altered 34-item ALEQ (ALEQ-34) were evaluated, and correlations with learning outcomes investigated, by surveying first- and second-year undergraduate medical students; 181 usable responses were obtained (75% response rate). Psychometric analysis demonstrated overall good reliability (Cronbach's alpha of 0...
April 17, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422708/a-brief-essay-on-non-pharmacological-treatment-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#10
Alberto Raggi, Domenica Tasca, Raffaele Ferri
Current pharmacological therapies for Alzheimer's disease (AD) do not modify its course and are not always beneficial. Therefore, the optimization of quality of life represents the best possible outcome achievable in all stages of the disease. Cognitive and behavioural rehabilitation represents the main therapeutic approach for this purpose, also in order to mitigate indirectly the burden of distress of family caregivers. The aim of this mini-review is to go through this theme by discussing cognitive activation, virtual reality and neuromodulation techniques...
April 19, 2017: Reviews in the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419094/an-open-source-pharma-roadmap
#11
Manica Balasegaram, Peter Kolb, John McKew, Jaykumar Menon, Piero Olliaro, Tomasz Sablinski, Zakir Thomas, Matthew H Todd, Els Torreele, John Wilbanks
In an Essay, Matthew Todd and colleagues discuss an open source approach to drug development.
April 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414628/fried-green-tomatoes-and-the-color-purple-a-case-study-in-lesbian-friendship-and-cultural-controversy
#12
Kristen Proehl
Published in the 1980s, Fannie Flagg's Fried Green Tomatoes at the Whistle Stop Café and Alice Walker's The Color Purple are lesbian coming-of-age narratives that share a great deal in common in terms of their thematic content, publication histories, and cultural afterlives. In both novels, female friendships are shaped by patriarchal violence and develop in the context of the rural, segregated, early twentieth-century U.S. South. But the two novels also diverge in significant ways, as differences in race, gender, class, and sexuality shape their protagonists' experiences of love and friendship...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Lesbian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412832/gondeshapur-revisited-what-historical-evidence
#13
Touraj Nayernouri
In recent years, in European academic circles, there has been a trend to dismiss Gondeshapur as a myth perpetrated by the Bokhtishu family in early Islamic era, despite many historiographical attestations. The writings of Islamic historians such as Al-Qifti and Ibn Abi Usaibia have been discounted as exaggerations by non-contemporary historians, and the lack of primary Pahlavi sources blamed for historical hyperbole. In this essay, I have attempted to show through primary Syriac Christian texts, that there was both a medical school and a bimarestan in Gondeshapur in pre-Islamic Sassanid era, and that Galenic medical texts had been translated and taught in that institution...
April 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412757/fatty-acid-metabolism-in-breast-cancer-subtypes
#14
REVIEW
Marie E Monaco
Dysregulation of fatty acid metabolism is recognized as a component of malignant transformation in many different cancers, including breast; yet the potential for targeting this pathway for prevention and/or treatment of cancer remains unrealized. Evidence indicates that proteins involved in both synthesis and oxidation of fatty acids play a pivotal role in the proliferation, migration and invasion of breast cancer cells. The following essay summarizes data implicating specific fatty acid metabolic enzymes in the genesis and progression of breast cancer, and further categorizes the relevance of specific metabolic pathways to individual intrinsic molecular subtypes of breast cancer...
February 18, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408409/broadening-participation-in-the-sciences-within-and-from-africa-purpose-challenges-and-prospects
#15
Iruka N Okeke, Chinedum P Babalola, Denis K Byarugaba, Abdoulaye Djimde, Omolaja R Osoniyi
Many of Africa's challenges have scientific solutions, but there are fewer individuals engaged in scientific activity per capita on this continent than on any other. Only a handful of African scientists use their skills to capacity or are leaders in their disciplines. Underrepresentation of Africans in scientific practice, discourse, and decision making reduces the richness of intellectual contributions toward hard problems worldwide. This essay outlines challenges faced by teacher-scholars from sub-Saharan Africa as we build scientific expertise...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406317/the-influence-of-everyday-interpersonal-communication-on-the-medical-encounter-an-extension-of-street-s-ecological-model
#16
Katharine J Head, Jennifer J Bute
Street's ecological model has shaped the research-examining communication during medical encounters for over a decade. Although the model accounts for the variety of contexts that shape the conversations in which patients and health-care providers engage, the model does not adequately address the way that everyday conversations about health carry over into patient-provider interactions. In this essay, we propose an extension of Street's model that adds the context of everyday communication about health as a contributing factor in the medical encounter...
April 13, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403732/what-s-the-matter-with-workers-moody-kim-2014-in-solidarity-essays-on-working-class-organization-in-the-united-states-chicago-il-haymarket-books-400-pp-22-paperback-isbn-978-1-60846-326-8
#17
Mike Prokosch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401584/psychodynamic-couple-therapy-a-practical-synthesis
#18
Arthur C Nielsen
This essay reviews the most significant contributions of psychodynamic thought to the field of couple therapy. It distills the work of numerous clinicians and researchers who, though writing from diverse perspectives, share fundamental assumptions and concerns. Rather than emphasizing differences between schools of thought, this paper mines their best contributions in a discussion of five central therapeutic targets: underlying issues, divergent subjective experiences, transferences, projective identification, and acceptance...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398396/-bioresorbable-vascular-scaffolds-clinical-experience-of-the-emilia-romagna-region-italy
#19
Alberto Menozzi, Gianluca Calogero Campo, Vincenzo Guiducci, Gianni Dall'Ara, Andrea Santarelli, Paolo Sbarzaglia, Marco Balducelli, Paolo Magnavacchi, Fabio Sgura, Luciano Losi, Luigi Vignali, Gianni Casella, Luigi Steffanon, Fabio Tarantino, Francesco Saia
BACKGROUND: The bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BRS) technology constitutes the new revolution of the coronary artery disease interventional treatment. Currently, three distinct types of BRSs are available but only one, the Absorb BVS, was on the market in 2013 when the Regional Commission for Medical Devices and the Cardiology and Cardiac Surgery Commission of the Emilia-Romagna Region drew up a technical and scientific essay to provide guidance for the introduction of BRS in public and affiliated health facilities...
February 2017: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392596/will-catholic-hospitals-survive-without-government-reimbursements
#20
David L Archer
This brief essay will begin to address the feasibility of operating a Catholic healthcare system without reimbursement from government healthcare programs such as Medicare and Medicaid. This question stems from the recent ACA/HHS "Nondiscrimination in Health Programs and Activities" final rule. Summary : The average hospital in the United States receives 40-50 percent of its net revenues from governmental sources. Participation in Medicare is contingent upon the hospital having a Medicare provider agreement...
February 2017: Linacre Quarterly
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