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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942349/metaphorical-interpretations-of-the-educator-student-relationship-an-innovation-in-nursing-educational-research
#1
Zenobia C Y Chan, Wai Tong Chien, Saras Henderson
Previous research has shown that collecting and analysing metaphors is a useful strategy in seeking data that are difficult to collect via verbal interviews or that cannot be represented by statistics. This study explored nursing students' perceptions of the educator-student relationship using metaphorical interpretation. A qualitative study with a personal essay approach was adopted. A total of 124 students were recruited from a nursing school in Hong Kong. A personal essay form was distributed to the participants...
September 18, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940339/rough-justice
#2
(no author information available yet)
In the Perspective in this issue of the Hastings Center Report (September-October 2017), Barron Lerner contrasts the "true believers" in public health schools-"people willing to crusade for any program designed to reduce morbidity and mortality"-and the political operators in the "real world" who often stand in their way. Lerner takes us through some of those programs, both past efforts that were successful and widely accepted and current endeavors that look promising but face all sorts of obstacles. Keep the faith, he admonishes...
September 2017: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937193/exploring-the-limits-of-surgeon-disclosure-where-are-the-boundaries-first-place-essay%C3%A2-con
#3
Reema Mallick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Bulletin of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937192/exploring-the-limits-of-surgeon-disclosure-where-are-the-boundaries-first-place-essay%C3%A2-pro
#4
Christopher F McNicoll
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Bulletin of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937191/ras-acs-symposium-essays-residents-debate-the-boundaries-of-surgeon-disclosure
#5
William H Ward
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Bulletin of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936892/initial-experience-with-cinematic-rendering-for-chest-cardiovascular-imaging
#6
Steven Rowe, Pamela Johnson, Elliot Fishman
Three-dimensional (3D) computed tomography (CT) with volume rendering (VR) and maximum intensity projection (MIP) is an integral component of CT interpretation for diagnosis and treatment planning of vascular pathology. Cinematic rendering (CR is a new rendering algorithm that incorporates a more advanced lighting model than that used for VR, to create photorealistic 3D CT images. The post-processing tool is not yet widely available and its ultimate clinical utility has yet to be assessed in well-designed studies...
September 22, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934040/thoughts-about-population-health-nursing-research-methods-questions-about-participants-and-informed-consent
#7
Jacqueline Fawcett, AbdulMuhsen M AbuFannouneh
The purpose of this essay is to discuss who participants should be in population health nursing research within the context of the Conceptual Model of Nursing and Population Health. The emphasis is on recruitment of research participants who constitute populations rather than samples drawn from populations and the challenges of obtaining informed consent from populations.
October 2017: Nursing Science Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933923/propagandizing-the-healthy-bolshevik-life-in-the-early-ussr
#8
Tricia A Starks
This essay outlines the problems facing Soviet health authorities at the inception of the People's Commissariat of Public Health in 1918 and the innovative methods employed in sanitary enlightenment propaganda in Russia throughout the 1920s. Beset by funding issues and supply problems, the emissaries of health chose the cheapest means of health improvement (propaganda) with the most cost-effective method (prevention), and crowed of great successes even as large portions of the nation still suffered from lack of contact with sanitary authorities...
September 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930090/biomimetic-matrix-fabricated-by-lmp-1-gene-transduced-mc3t3-e1-cells-for-bone-regeneration
#9
Junxuan Ma, Wei Guo, Manman Gao, Baoding Huang, Qihua Qi, Zemin Ling, Yan Chen, Hao Hu, Hailian Zhou, Fei Yu, Ke Chen, Zhiyu Zhou, Deming Xiao, Xuenong Zou
Bone healing is regulated by multiple microenvironmental signals provided by the extracellular matrix (ECM). The study aimed to mimic native osteoinductive microenvironment by developing an ECM using gene-transduced cells. LIM mineralization protein-1 (LMP-1) gene was transferred to the murine pre-osteoblast cells (MC3T3-E1) using lentiviral vectors. Western blotting essay indicated that the MC3T3-E1 cells expressed an increased level of bone morphologic protein-2, -4 and-7 (BMP-2, -4 and -7) after LMP-1 gene transduction...
September 20, 2017: Biofabrication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928321/opening-gambit-strategic-options-to-initiate-the-tobacco-endgame
#10
Pranay Lal, Rana J Singh, Ashish Kumar Pandey
Endgame strategies to rapidly hasten the decline of tobacco are already well within reach; a few plausible policy options are outlined herein for policy practitioners, tobacco control advocates, and public health specialists. The implementation of these measures which already exist within the gamut of existing legislation requires the galvanization of political will. The options we essay include liquidating existing public investments in tobacco, holding tobacco companies accountable within the jurisdictions of their operations, fixing liability for injury and the imposition of realistic costs on insurance providers...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923129/a-cinema-for-the-unborn-moving-pictures-mental-pictures-and-electra-sparks-s-new-thought-film-theory
#11
Patrick Ellis
In the 1910s, New York suffragette Electra Sparks wrote a series of essays in the Moving Picture News that advocated for cine-therapy treatments for pregnant women. Film was, in her view, the great democratizer of beautiful images, providing high-cultural access to the city's poor. These positive 'mental pictures' were important for her because, she claimed, in order to produce an attractive, healthy child, the mother must be exposed to quality cultural material. Sparks's championing of cinema during its 'second birth' was founded upon the premise of New Thought...
September 2017: British Journal for the History of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922907/organ-vouchers-and-barter-markets-saving-lives-reducing-suffering-and-trading-in-human-organs
#12
Mark J Cherry
The essays in this issue of The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy explore an innovative voucher program for encouraging kidney donation. Discussions cluster around a number of central moral and political/theoretical themes: (1) What are the direct and indirect health care costs and benefits of such a voucher system in human organs? (2) Do vouchers lead to more effective and efficient organ procurement and allocation or contribute to greater inequalities and inefficiencies in the transplantation system? (3) Do vouchers contribute to the inappropriate commodification of human body parts? (4) Is there a significant moral difference between such a voucher system and a market in human organs for transplantation? This paper argues that while kidney vouchers constitute a step in the right direction, fuller utilization of market-based incentives, including, but not limited to, barter exchanges (e...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Medicine and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922817/children-class-and-the-search-for-security-writing-the-future-in-1930s-britain
#13
Hester Barron, Claire Langhamer
This article is based on 269 essays written in 1937 by Middlesbrough schoolboys aged 12-16 years on the topic 'When I leave school', which were collected by the social research organization Mass Observation. The essays provide a counterpoint to social scientific surveys of ordinary people and allow us to work with the boys' own understandings of the world they inhabited. They offer an alternative lens on a period which, at least in relation to the industrial areas of Britain, is often characterized by poverty and unemployment...
September 1, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922815/duncan-tanner-essay-prize-2016-historical-pageants-citizenship-and-the-performance-of-women-s-history-before-second-wave-feminism
#14
Zoë Thomas
This article argues that the early twentieth-century craze for historical pageants provided an opportunity for women's groups to bring a nascent, accessible form of women's history into the lives of local communities across Britain. Mainstream historical pageants were organized across the country, depicting selected episodes from the past usually relating to the local area. However, more than 200 inter-war pageants staged by women's organizations, church groups, and a number of university colleges have not yet been studied...
September 1, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922352/60-years-ago-francis-crick-changed-the-logic-of-biology
#15
Matthew Cobb
In September 1957, Francis Crick gave a lecture in which he outlined key ideas about gene function, in particular what he called the central dogma. These ideas still frame how we understand life. This essay explores the concepts he developed in this influential lecture, including his prediction that we would study evolution by comparing sequences.
September 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920726/the-human-subject-vulnerable-populations-and-medical-history-the-problem-of-presentism-and-the-discourse-of-bioethics
#16
J T H Connor
This discussion considers recent historical works of eugenics and sterilization in Canada, but it is not an historiographic review essay or critique per se of this literature. Rather, by focussing on the topic of historic diagnostic categories such as "feeble-minded," "idiot," and "moron," methodological issues such as historical presentism and its possible interactions with the discourse of modern bioethics are examined. The conclusions derived are meant only to be cautionary, and are neither prescriptive nor proscriptive...
2017: Canadian Bulletin of Medical History, Bulletin Canadien D'histoire de la Médecine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916168/scripting-a-place-in-time
#17
Thomas B Kornberg
Evidence in many experimental systems supports the idea that non-uniform distributions of morphogen proteins encode positional information in developing tissues. There is also strong evidence that morphogen dispersal is mediated by cytonemes and that morphogen proteins transfer from producing to receiving cells at morphogenetic synapses that form at sites of cytoneme contacts. This essay considers some implications of this mechanism and its relevance to various contexts including large single cells such as the pre-cellular Drosophila embryo and the ciliate Stentor...
September 12, 2017: Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915963/hepcidin-and-metallothioneins-as-molecular-base-for-sex-dependent-differences-in-clinical-course-of-experimental-autoimmune-encephalomyelitis-in-chronic-iron-overload
#18
Božena Ćurko-Cofek, Tanja Grubić Kezele, Vesna Barac-Latas
Multiple sclerosis is a chronic demyelinating disease of the central nervous system characterised by inflammatory and degenerative changes. It is considered that disease arises from the influence of environmental factors on genetically susceptible individuals. Recent researches, using magnetic resonance imaging, connected iron deposits in different brain regions with demyelinating process in multiple sclerosis patients. Although iron is an essential trace element important for many biological functions it could be harmful because iron excess can induce the production of reactive oxygen species, development of oxidative stress and lipid peroxidation which leads to demyelination...
September 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906204/context-is-everything-from-cardiovascular-disease-to-cerebral-microbleeds
#19
Andreas Charidimou, Deborah Blacker, Anand Viswanathan
Increasingly, our approach to cerebrovascular disease has become blurred by evidence published in literature often without careful consideration of what this evidence implies for specific patients at hand. In this essay, we analyze key contextual issues in cerebrovascular small vessel disease, in an attempt to highlight the symbolic gap that exists between research and clinical practice, a recurring theme in medicine. We highlight the importance of considering context when using data from epidemiologic, neuroimaging, and biomarker studies in determining relevance to the patient at hand...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902070/contending-with-preplanned-death-questions-for-clinicians
#20
Joel Yager
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The goal of this column is to assist readers in reflecting on their attitudes and responses toward clinical and nonclinical situations involving preplanned deaths by decisionally capable individuals. Such circumstances range from encountering individuals in one's personal and professional lives who desire and intend to end their lives under their own terms, to having such individuals request assistance with predeath and postdeath arrangements. METHODS: Attending to pertinent literature, this essay uses Socratic inquiry to question conventional assumptions and attitudes, push readers' thoughts beyond typical comfort zones, and consider alternative modes of responding to challenges posed by preplanned death...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
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