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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149583/why-traditional-metrics-may-not-adequately-represent-ethnic-minority-psychology
#1
Moin Syed
The first Perspectives on Psychological Science symposium on eminence in psychology focused almost exclusively on "traditional" markers of success (e.g., citation counts, awards, grants). In this essay, I argue that the context of the research and the context of the researchers are crucial components of ethnic minority psychology. First, I describe structural reasons for why ethnic minority researchers might have less impressive traditional markers of success; then, I highlight how the "minority tax" contours the scholarly activities of ethnic minority researchers...
November 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149371/imaging-patterns-of-venous-related-brain-injury-in-children
#2
Luke L Linscott, James L Leach, Blaise V Jones, Todd A Abruzzo
Venous-related brain injury is a common form of cerebrovascular injury in children and encompasses a diverse group of cerebrovascular diagnoses. The purpose of this pictorial essay is to introduce the relevant anatomy, pathophysiology and various imaging patterns of venous-related cerebral injury in children. Unifying concepts to better understand the effects of venous hypertension in the developing brain will be emphasized. These unifying concepts will provide the imaging professional with a conceptual framework to better understand and confidently identify imaging patterns of venous-related cerebral injury...
December 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149335/liberty-in-health-care-a-comparative-study-between-hong-kong-and-mainland-china
#3
Jingxian Wu, Ying Mao
This essay contends that individual liberty, understood as the permissibility of making choices about one's own health care in support of one's own good and the good of one's family utilizing private resources, is central to the moral foundations of a health care system. Such individual freedoms are important not only because they often support more efficient and effective health care services, but because they permit individuals to fulfill important moral duties. A comparative study of the health care systems in Hong Kong and mainland China is utilized to illustrate the conceptual and moral concerns at stake...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Medicine and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149165/-reflections-on-the-death-of-my-father
#4
Domenico Ribatti
This short essay aims to provide the reader with some general considerations from a private matter, namely the death of the author's father after a long and disabling neurodegenerative disease. The author's reflection revolves around the meaning of death, the relationship between children and parents, the importance of individual and collective memory, and the role that physicians should have in dealing with relatives of subjects suffering from this type of disease.
November 2017: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147766/pictorial-essay-imaging-findings-following-y90-radiation-segmentectomy-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#5
REVIEW
Ronald A Mora, Rehan Ali, Ahmed Gabr, Nadine Abouchaleh, Ali Al Asadi, Joseph Ralph Kallini, Frank H Miller, Vahid Yaghmai, Samdeep Mouli, Bartley Thornburg, Kush Desai, Ahsun Riaz, Robert J Lewandowski, Riad Salem
Transarterial radioembolization is a novel therapy that has gained rapid clinical acceptance for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Segmental radioembolization [also termed radiation segmentectomy (RS)] is a technique that can deliver high doses (> 190 Gy) of radiation selectively to the hepatic segment(s) containing the tumor. The aim of this comprehensive review is to provide an illustrative summary of the most relevant imaging findings encountered after radiation segmentectomy. A 62-patient cohort of Child-Pugh A patients with solitary HCC < 5 cm in size was identified...
November 17, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146713/autonomy-nudging-and-post-truth-politics
#6
Geoff Keeling
In his excellent essay, 'Nudges in a post-truth world', Neil Levy argues that 'nudges to reason', or nudges which aim to make us more receptive to evidence, are morally permissible. A strong argument against the moral permissibility of nudging is that nudges fail to respect the autonomy of the individuals affected by them. Levy argues that nudges to reason do respect individual autonomy, such that the standard autonomy objection fails against nudges to reason. In this paper, I argue that Levy fails to show that nudges to reason respect individual autonomy...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141699/the-chimes-of-freedom
#7
John Harris
This essay brings together work I have done over the past 10 years: on the nature of ethics, on the purpose of ethics, and on its foundations in a way that, I hope, as E.M. Forster put it, connects "the prose and the passion." I deploy lessons learned in this process to identify and face what I believe to be crucial challenges to science and to freedom (as defended by, among others, Cicero, Pete Seeger, Bob Dylan, Thomas Hobbes, John Stuart Mill, and Bertrand Russell). Finally I consider threats to freedom of a different sort, posed by the creation and dissemination of "alternative facts" and by what is sometimes called "super" or "full" artificial intelligence (AI)...
November 16, 2017: Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics: CQ: the International Journal of Healthcare Ethics Committees
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137452/pathologic-basis-of-the-sonographic-differences-between-thyroid-cancer-and-noninvasive-follicular-thyroid-neoplasm-with-papillary-like-nuclear-features
#8
Grace C H Yang, Karen O Fried
Ultrasonography is pivotal in triage thyroid biopsy in the era after the identification of noninvasive follicular thyroid neoplasm with papillary-like nuclear features (NIFTP). This pictorial essay illustrates the pathologic basis of the sonographic features that distinguish NIFTP from thyroid cancers. In this study, we present the correlations of ultrasonography to ×1 histopathology to assess shape and margin characteristics. Markedly hypoechoic nodules correlate to microfollicular/solid nodules, while isoechoic/hyperechoic thyroid nodules correlate to normofollicular/macrofollicular nodules...
August 19, 2017: Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134473/doctor-anonymous-creating-contexts-for-homosexuality-as-mental-illness
#9
Guy Fredrick Glass
In this essay, the author describes how he faced institutionalized homophobia during his psychiatric training, and how he later wrote a play inspired by the life of a gay psychiatrist. Despite Freud's supportive stance, homosexuality aroused the antipathy of American organized psychiatry and psychoanalysis and came to be listed as an illness in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM). Dr. John E. Fryer outed himself as "Dr. H Anonymous" at a 1972 meeting of the American Psychiatric Association, and the next year homosexuality was removed from the DSM...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134239/temporomandibular-joint-atlas-for-detection-and-grading-of-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-involvement-by-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#10
Christian J Kellenberger, Thitiporn Junhasavasdikul, Mirkamal Tolend, Andrea S Doria
Contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is considered the diagnostic standard for identifying involvement of the temporomandibular joint by juvenile idiopathic arthritis. Early or active arthritis is shown as bone marrow oedema, joint effusion, synovial thickening and increased joint enhancement. Subsequent joint damage includes characteristic deformity of the mandibular condyle, bone erosion, disk abnormalities and short mandibular ramus due to impaired growth. In this pictorial essay, we illustrate normal MRI findings and growth-related changes of the temporomandibular joint in children...
November 13, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133500/hatpins
#11
Irene Koplinka-Loehr
Hatpins is a first-person narrative that delves into a physician's experience of a patient death during the early years of residency. The essay reflects on the conflicted physician-patient relationships that can develop even over the short tenure of residency. While residency seeks to create medically prepared and compassionate physicians, this piece speaks to the importance of the often subtle learning that comes from ethical, social, and cultural aspects of both the lives and deaths of our patients.
November 2017: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133458/the-responses-to-the-cancer-drugs-scandal-must-fully-involve-patients-an-essay-by-tessa-richards
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 13, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131270/imaging-assessment-of-portal-venous-system-pictorial-essay-of-normal-anatomy-anatomic-variants-and-congenital-anomalies
#13
A Guerra, A M De Gaetano, A Infante, C Mele, M G Marini, E Rinninella, R Inchingolo, L Bonomo
The purpose of this pictorial essay is to describe anatomic variants and congenital anomalies of portal venous system and related liver parenchymal alterations. The imaging findings of some of these entities have been previously described in other articles, however this work encompasses all congenital anomalies of portal venous system with attention to their features on various imaging modalities; in particular we illustrated with detailed pictures all the main portal vein variants, congenital extra- and intra-hepatic porto-systemic venous shunts and portal vein aneurysm...
October 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129731/individual-differences-in-visual-science-what-can-be-learned-and-what-is-good-experimental-practice
#14
John D Mollon, Jenny M Bosten, David H Peterzell, Michael A Webster
We all pass out our lives in private perceptual worlds. The differences in our sensory and perceptual experiences often go unnoticed until there emerges a variation (such as 'The Dress') that is large enough to generate different descriptions in the coarse coinage of our shared language. In this essay, we illustrate how individual differences contribute to a richer understanding of visual perception, but we also indicate some potential pitfalls that face the investigator who ventures into the field.
November 9, 2017: Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125246/history-of-the-discovery-of-the-mode-of-transmission-of-yellow-fever-virus
#15
Alan N Clements, Ralph E Harbach
This essay documents and examines the historical circumstances and events surrounding the discovery of the mode of transmission of yellow fever virus in Cuba. Close scrutiny of the articles published by Walter Reed and his colleagues in 1900, 1901 and 1902 reveals their limitations as historic documents. Fortunately, other sources of information from that period survive in letters and documents written by individuals involved in the quest for the mode of transmission. Examination and comparison of those sources of information unveiled a fascinating story which reveals that misunderstandings engendered by published articles accorded merit where it was not fully due...
December 2017: Journal of Vector Ecology: Journal of the Society for Vector Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122751/tropical-cyclones-and-public-health-how-climate-change-is-driving-increasingly-extreme-weather-an-essay-by-fintan-hughes-jack-hodkinson-and-hugh-montgomery
#16
Fintan Hughes, Jack Hodkinson, Hugh Montgomery
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 9, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121224/hill-s-heuristics-and-explanatory-coherentism-in-epidemiology
#17
Olaf Dammann
In this essay, I argue that Ted Poston's theory of explanatory coherentism is well-suited as a tool for causal explanation in the health sciences, particularly in epidemiology. Coherence has not only played a role in epidemiology for more than half a century as one of Hill's viewpoints, it can also provide background theory for the development of explanatory systems by integrating epidemiologic evidence with a diversity of other error-independent data. I propose that computational formalization of Hill's viewpoints in an explanatory coherentist framework would provide an excellent starting point for a formal epistemological (knowledge-theoretical) project designed to improve causal explanation in the health sciences...
June 9, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120105/an-essay-on-the-intrinsic-relationship-between-social-facts-and-moral-questions
#18
Anne Warfield Rawls
Value neutrality and science are often equated. This paper argues that the work of doing science and engaging in scientific practices with meaningful objects depend on social facts which have moral prerequisites and are not value neutral.
November 2017: Canadian Review of Sociology, Revue Canadienne de Sociologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119602/closing-the-celebration-of-200-years-of-parkinson-s-essay-on-the-shaking-palsy-where-do-we-go-in-the-next-200-years
#19
EDITORIAL
Christopher G Goetz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 9, 2017: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119326/neurodegeneration-and-the-ordered-assembly-of-%C3%AE-synuclein
#20
REVIEW
Maria Grazia Spillantini, Michel Goedert
In 2017, it was 200 years since James Parkinson published 'An Essay on the Shaking Palsy' and 20 years since α-synuclein aggregation came to the fore. In 1998, multiple system atrophy joined Parkinson's disease and dementia with Lewy bodies as the third major synucleinopathy. Here, we describe the work that led to the identification of α-synuclein in Lewy bodies, Lewy neurites and Papp-Lantos bodies. We also review some of the findings reported since 1997.
November 8, 2017: Cell and Tissue Research
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