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Alyssa Truman, Liad Mudrik
Objects in the real world typically appear within a broader context, having relationships with the environment. Do these relations between objects and the contexts in which they appear affect object identification? Previous findings of an N300 component evoked by scene-incongruent objects were taken as evidence for such an effect, since N300 is held to reflect object identification processes. Yet this conjuncture was never directly tested, and ignores differences between the fronto-central incongruency-evoked N300 and the typically bi-polar fronto-occipital identification-related N300...
June 7, 2018: Neuropsychologia
Michael J Bond, Marina Bleiler, Lauren E Harrison, Eric W Scocchera, Masako Nakanishi, Narendran G-Dayanandan, Santosh Keshipeddy, Daniel W Rosenberg, Dennis L Wright, Charles Giardina
AK3 compounds are mitotic-arrest agents that induce high levels of γH2AX during mitosis and apoptosis following release from arrest. We synthesized a potent AK3 derivative, AK306, that induced arrest and apoptosis of the HCT116 colon cancer cell line with an EC50 of ~50 nM. AK306 was active on a broad spectrum of cancer cell lines with total growth inhibition values ranging from ~25 nM to 25 µM. Using biotin and BODIPY-linked derivatives of AK306, binding to clathrin heavy chain (CLTC/CHC) was observed, a protein with roles in endocytosis and mitosis...
May 16, 2018: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
Shazia N Aslam, Jan Strauss, David N Thomas, Thomas Mock, Graham J C Underwood
Diatoms are significant primary producers in sea ice, an ephemeral habitat with steep vertical gradients of temperature and salinity characterizing the ice matrix environment. To cope with the variable and challenging conditions, sea ice diatoms produce polysaccharide-rich extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) that play important roles in adhesion, cell protection, ligand binding and as organic carbon sources. Significant differences in EPS concentrations and chemical composition corresponding to temperature and salinity gradients were present in sea ice from the Weddell Sea and Eastern Antarctic regions of the Southern Ocean...
January 18, 2018: ISME Journal
Arpit Aggarwal, Lindsey Schrimpf, John Lauriello
Bipolar I disorder is a serious and disabling psychiatric illness. It is associated with a significant reduction in quality of life and an increased risk for suicide. Pharmacotherapy is essential for both the acute and maintenance treatment of bi-polar I disorder. While multiple oral medications are recommended for the maintenance treatment, there are not many long-acting injectable medications approved for this indication. New treatments that would improve patient adherence have the potential for decreasing relapses and improving patients' ability to remain functional members of society...
January 2018: Clinical Schizophrenia & related Psychoses
K Bandopadhyay, K N Prajapati, J Mitra
Resistive switching in nanostructured metal oxide semiconductors has been broadly understood to originate from the dynamics of its native point defects. Experimental results of switching observed in individual n-ZnO nanorods grown on a p-type polymer is presented along with an empirical model describing the underlying defect dynamics necessary to observe bi-polar switching. Selective photo excitation of electrons into the defect states delineates the incidence and role of an ionic current in the switching behavior...
March 9, 2018: Nanotechnology
Daitaro Kanno, Etsuo Tsuchikane, Kenya Nasu, Osamu Katoh, Yoshifumi Kashima, Umihiko Kaneko, Tsutomu Fujita, Yoriyasu Suzuki, Takahiko Suzuki
OBJECTIVES: To examine the safety, efficacy, and efficiency of the PlasmaWireTM System to recanalize coronary chronic total occlusions (CTO) using controlled ablation inside the CTO. BACKGROUND: The PlasmaWireTM System is a new bipolar radiofrequency (RF) wire system utilizing plasma-mediated ablation to facilitate wire crossing in CTOs. Two independent PlasmaWireTM wires are used in tandem for channel creation by applying RF energy between the tips so as to localize the ablation...
May 1, 2018: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Darrin J Lee, Ali Izadi, Mikhail Melnik, Stacey Seidl, Angela Echeverri, Kiarash Shahlaie, Gene G Gurkoff
Temporal lobe epilepsy often leads to hippocampal sclerosis and persistent cognitive deficits, including difficulty with learning and memory. Hippocampal theta oscillations are critical in optimizing hippocampal function and facilitating plasticity. We hypothesized that pilocarpine-induced status epilepticus would disrupt oscillations and behavioral performance and that electrical neuromodulation to entrain theta would improve cognition specifically in injured rats. Rats received a pilocarpine (n=30) or saline injection (n=27) and unilateral bi-polar electrodes were implanted into the medial septum and hippocampus the following day...
February 2017: Epilepsy Research
Matthieu Bergé, Sébastien Campagne, Johann Mignolet, Seamus Holden, Laurence Théraulaz, Suliana Manley, Frédéric H-T Allain, Patrick H Viollier
Although free-living and obligate intracellular bacteria are both polarized it is unclear whether the underlying polarization mechanisms and effector proteins are conserved. Here we dissect at the cytological, functional and structural level a conserved polarization module from the free living α-proteobacterium Caulobacter crescentus and an orthologous system from an obligate intracellular (rickettsial) pathogen. The NMR solution structure of the zinc-finger (ZnR) domain from the bifunctional and bipolar ZitP pilus assembly/motility regulator revealed conserved interaction determinants for PopZ, a bipolar matrix protein that anchors the ParB centromere-binding protein and other regulatory factors at the poles...
December 23, 2016: ELife
Johann Mignolet, Seamus Holden, Matthieu Bergé, Gaël Panis, Ezgi Eroglu, Laurence Théraulaz, Suliana Manley, Patrick H Viollier
Protein polarization underlies differentiation in metazoans and in bacteria. How symmetric polarization can instate functional asymmetry remains elusive. Here, we show by super-resolution photo-activated localization microscopy and edgetic mutations that the bitopic zinc-finger protein ZitP implements specialized developmental functions - pilus biogenesis and multifactorial swarming motility - while shaping distinct nanoscale (bi)polar architectures in the asymmetric model bacterium Caulobacter crescentus ...
December 23, 2016: ELife
Sylvie Boisnic, Marc Divaris, Marie-Christine Branchet, Andrew A Nelson
BACKGROUND: Bipolar radiofrequency (RF) is capable of heating dermal collagen fibers and inducing skin tightening by collagen remodeling. OBJECTIVE: To substantiate safety and improvement of skin laxity following skin heating with a novel temperature- and impedance-controlled non-invasive radiofrequency (RF) device by histological and biochemical evaluations. METHODS: A split-face study was performed on 4 subjects who underwent 8 weekly RF sessions on one side of their face, leaving the other side an untreated control and then underwent facelift procedure...
June 2017: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
Luigi Cannavacciuolo, Jürg Hulliger
Stochastic formation of a bi-polar state in three dimensional arrays of polar molecules with full Coulomb interactions is reproduced by Monte Carlo simulation. The size of the system is comparable to that of a real crystal seed. The spatial decay of the average order parameter is significantly slowed down by the long range interactions and the exact representation of correlation effects in terms of a single characteristic length becomes impossible. Finite size effects and possible scale invariance symmetry of the order parameter are extensively discussed...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Chemical Physics
Ahuva Y Segal, Tracey L Sletten, Erin E Flynn-Evans, Steven W Lockley, Shantha M W Rajaratnam
While previous studies have demonstrated short-wavelength sensitivity to the acute alerting effects of light during the biological night, fewer studies have assessed the alerting effect of light during the daytime. This study assessed the wavelength-dependent sensitivity of the acute alerting effects of daytime light exposure following chronic sleep restriction in 60 young adults (29 men, 31 women; 22.5 ± 3.1 mean ± SD years). Participants were restricted to 5 h time in bed the night before laboratory admission and 3 h time in bed in the laboratory, aligned by wake time...
October 2016: Journal of Biological Rhythms
Károly Takács, Andreas Flache, Michael Mäs
Both classical social psychological theories and recent formal models of opinion differentiation and bi-polarization assign a prominent role to negative social influence. Negative influence is defined as shifts away from the opinion of others and hypothesized to be induced by discrepancy with or disliking of the source of influence. There is strong empirical support for the presence of positive social influence (a shift towards the opinion of others), but evidence that large opinion differences or disliking could trigger negative shifts is mixed...
2016: PloS One
Nicole Piela, Steven Kornweiss, Alfred Sacchetti, Amanda Gallagher, Allen Abrams
PURPOSE: Placement of TVPs is a core EM procedure. Despite this, there is no specific outcome data on this procedure in the ED setting. This study examines the success of Emergency Physician (EP) attempted TVPs as well as their hospital courses and survivals. METHODS: The charts of patients undergoing TVP placement in the ED of an urban community hospital were prospectively collected by a department billing abstractor and then underwent a structured review. All patients had a TVP placed by a board eligible or board certified EP or by a PGY2 EM resident under the direct supervision of an attending EP...
August 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Carla C Winter, Kritika S Katiyar, Nicole S Hernandez, Yeri J Song, Laura A Struzyna, James P Harris, D Kacy Cullen
UNLABELLED: Neurotrauma, stroke, and neurodegenerative disease may result in widespread loss of neural cells as well as the complex interconnectivity necessary for proper central nervous system function, generally resulting in permanent functional deficits. Potential regenerative strategies involve the recruitment of endogenous neural stem cells and/or directed axonal regeneration through the use of tissue engineered "living scaffolds" built to mimic features of three-dimensional (3-D) in vivo migratory or guidance pathways...
July 1, 2016: Acta Biomaterialia
Guoning Yang, Lihua Cun, Ya Ma, Jingyan Duan
OBJECTIVE: To summary and analyze the bleeding causes after uvulopalatopharyngoplasty(UPPP) with endotherm knife, and preventive measures will be given to effectively reduce postoperation hemorrhage. METHOD: Two hundred and twenty-six cases of obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) adult patients, were carryed out UPPP under general anesthesia with endotherm knife to observe postoperation hemorrhage. RESULT: Eight cases out of 226 patients or 3...
October 2015: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
Marziyeh Ranjbar-Mohammadi, Molamma P Prabhakaran, S Hajir Bahrami, Seeram Ramakrishna
Nanofibrous nerve guides have gained huge interest in supporting the peripheral nerve regeneration due to their abilities to simulate the topography, mechanical, biological and extracellular matrix morphology of native tissue. Gum tragacanth (GT) is a biocompatible mixture of polysaccharides that has been used in biomedical applications. During this study, we fabricated aligned and random nanofibers from poly(l-lactic acid) and gum tragacanth (PLLA/GT) in various ratios (100:0, 75:25, and 50:50) by electrospinning...
April 20, 2016: Carbohydrate Polymers
Sara Heidl, Isabella Ellinger, Verena Niederberger, Eva E Waltl, Renate Fuchs
The airway epithelium is a central player in the defense against pathogens including efficient mucociliary clearance and secretion of immunoglobulins, mainly polymeric IgA, but also IgG. Pulmonary administration of therapeutic antibodies on one hand, and intranasal immunization on the other, are powerful tools to treat airway infections. In either case, the airway epithelium is the primary site of antibody transfer. In various epithelia, bi-polar transcytosis of IgG and IgG immune complexes is mediated by the human neonatal Fc receptor, FcRn, but FcRn expression in the nasal epithelium had not been demonstrated, so far...
November 2016: Protoplasma
Pablo Balenzuela, Juan Pablo Pinasco, Viktoriya Semeshenko
The effects of interpersonal interactions on individual's agreements result in a social aggregation process which is reflected in the formation of collective states, as for instance, groups of individuals with a similar opinion about a given issue. This field, which has been a longstanding concern of sociologists and psychologists, has been extended into an area of experimental social psychology, and even has attracted the attention of physicists and mathematicians. In this article, we present a novel model of opinion formation in which agents may either have a strict preference for a choice, or be undecided...
2015: PloS One
P Naresh, Ankur Patel, Archana Sharma
Pulse power systems with highly dynamic loads like klystron, backward wave oscillator (BWO), and magnetron generate highly dynamic noise. This noise leads to frequent failure of controlled switches in the inverter stage of charging power supply. Designing a reliable and compatible power supply for pulse power applications is always a tricky job when charging rate is in multiples of 10 kJ/s. A ±50 kV and 45 kJ/s capacitor charging power supply based on 4th order LCLC resonant topology has been developed for a 10 Hz repetitive Marx based system...
September 2015: Review of Scientific Instruments
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