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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455626/diagnosis-of-anaplastic-large-cell-lymphoma-in-a-dog-using-cd30-immunohistochemistry
#1
Rachel Pittaway, Ying Wu, Balazs Szladovits, Alejandro Suárez-Bonnet, Emma J Scurrell, Oliver A Garden, Gerry Polton, Simon L Priestnall
Anaplastic large-cell lymphoma or null-cell lymphoma is a clinical entity reported in people, classified according to the unique appearance of large pleomorphic cells that express CD30. Null-cell lymphoma has also been described in dogs when neither CD3 nor CD79α is expressed by the tumor. We describe a case of lymphoma in the dog in which neoplastic cells did not express routine B- or T-lymphocyte markers on flow cytometry or immunohistochemistry; however, cells immunohistochemically labeled for CD30. The dog in our case died 5 mo after initial presentation, confirming a poor prognosis...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453994/land-use-change-and-conversion-effects-on-ground-water-quality-trends-an-integration-of-land-change-modeler-in-gis-and-a-new-ground-water-quality-index-developed-by-fuzzy-multi-criteria-group-decision-making-models
#2
Mohammad Reza Shooshtarian, Mansooreh Dehghani, Ferrante Margherita, Oliveri Conti Gea, Shima Mortezazadeh
This study aggregated Land Change Modeller (LCM) as a useful model in GIS with an extended Groundwater Quality Index (GWQI) developed by fuzzy Multi-Criteria Group Decision-Making models to investigate the effect of land use change and conversion on groundwater quality being supplied for drinking. The model's performance was examined through an applied study in Shiraz, Iran, in a five year period (2011 to 2015). Four land use maps including urban, industrial, garden, and bare were employed in LCM model and the impact of change in area and their conversion to each other on GWQI changes was analysed...
February 14, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453378/phenotypic-plasticity-vs-local-adaptation-in-quantitative-traits-differences-of-stipa-grandis-in-semi-arid-steppe-china
#3
Shao-Bo Gao, Li-Dong Mo, Li-Hong Zhang, Jian-Li Zhang, Jian-Bo Wu, Jin-Long Wang, Nian-Xi Zhao, Yu-Bao Gao
Whether plants are able to adapt to environmental changes depends on their genetic characteristics and phenotypic plastic responses. We investigated the phenotypic responses of 7 populations of an important dominant species in semi-arid steppe of China - Stipa grandis, and then distinguished which adaptive mechanism(s), phenotypic plasticity or local adaptation, was/were involved in this species to adapt to environmental changes. (1) All traits were significantly influenced by the interaction of population and growth condition and by population in each condition, and inter-population variability (CV inter ) was larger in the field than in the common garden for 8/9 traits, indicating that both phenotypic plasticity and genetic differentiation controlled the phenotypic differences of S...
February 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453067/applying-no-depletion-equilibrium-sampling-and-full-depletion-bioaccessibility-extraction-to-35-historically-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbon-contaminated-soils
#4
Nora Bartolomé, Isabel Hilber, Dayana Sosa, Rainer Schulin, Philipp Mayer, Thomas D Bucheli
Assessing the bioaccessibility of organic pollutants in contaminated soils is considered a complement to measurements of total concentrations in risk assessment and legislation. Consequently, methods for its quantification require validation with historically contaminated soils. In this study, 35 such soils were obtained from various locations in Switzerland and Cuba. They were exposed to different pollution sources (e.g., pyrogenic and petrogenic) at various distance (i.e., urban to rural) and were subject to different land use (e...
February 3, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452976/the-nourish-program-an-innovative-model-for-cooking-gardening-and-clinical-care-skill-enhancement-for-dietetics-students
#5
John Wesley McWhorter, Margaret Raber, Shreela Sharma, Laura S Moore, Deanna Hoelscher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452383/the-effectiveness-of-asian-bush-mosquito-aedes-japonicus-japonicus-control-actions-in-colonised-peri-urban-areas-in-the-netherlands
#6
A Ibañez-Justicia, S Teekema, W den Hartog, F Jacobs, M Dik, A Stroo
The Asian bush mosquito (Aedes japonicus japonicus (Theobald)) is an invasive mosquito species in Europe. In 2012, it was for the first time detected in the Netherlands, in the municipality of Lelystad. After further research, thousands of specimens were found in the surrounding peri-urban areas of the city. A targeted mosquito control campaign began in 2015 with the objective of reducing populations in locations with the highest concentrations of Ae. japonicus breeding sites: allotment garden complexes. Mosquito control consisted of source reduction combined with application of the larvicide Vectomax in breeding sites...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Medical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450906/factors-affecting-the-occurrence-of-enteritis-in-10-to-12-month-old-eastern-grey-kangaroos-macropus-giganteus
#7
Nobuhide Kido, Sohei Tanaka, Yuko Wada, Sumito Sato
Eastern grey kangaroos (Macropus giganteus) younger than 19 months at Kanazawa Zoological Gardens, Japan, frequently died of enteritis. The main cause of death was coccidiosis. This study aimed to reveal retrospectively the clinical features of enteritis and factors contributing to its high occurrence. In addition, haematological and serum biochemical parameters in kangaroos younger than 24 months were analyzed. The findings suggested that enteritis occurrence was higher in 10- to 12-month-old kangaroos than other ages and during seasons with high temperature and humidity than during seasons with low temperature and humidity...
February 16, 2018: Zoo Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448198/assessment-of-soil-metal-concentrations-in-residential-and-community-vegetable-gardens-in-melbourne-australia
#8
Mark A S Laidlaw, Dileepa H Alankarage, Suzie M Reichman, Mark Patrick Taylor, Andrew S Ball
Gardening and urban food production is an increasingly popular activity, which can improve physical and mental health and provide low cost nutritious food. However, the legacy of contamination from industrial and diffuse sources may have rendered surface soils in some urban gardens to have metals value in excess of recommended guidelines for agricultural production. The objective of this study was to establish the presence and spatial extent of soil metal contamination in Melbourne's residential and inner city community gardens...
February 8, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447294/evidence-of-sex-bias-in-gene-expression-in-the-brain-transcriptome-of-two-populations-of-rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss-with-divergent-life-histories
#9
Matthew C Hale, Garrett J McKinney, Frank P Thrower, Krista M Nichols
Sex-bias in gene expression is a mechanism that can generate phenotypic variance between the sexes, however, relatively little is known about how patterns of sex-bias vary during development, and how variable sex-bias is between different populations. To that end, we measured sex-bias in gene expression in the brain transcriptome of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) during the first two years of development. Our sampling included from the fry stage through to when O. mykiss either migrate to the ocean or remain resident and undergo sexual maturation...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446083/development-and-clinical-characterization-of-a-novel-2041-liquid-filled-ionization-chambers-array-for-high-resolution-verification-of-radiotherapy-treatments
#10
L Brualla-González, A Vázquez-Luque, M Zapata, D M González-Castaño, V Luna-Vega, J Guiu-Souto, J Prieto-Pena, T García, D Granero, A Vicedo, J Rosellò, M Pombar, F Gómez, J Pardo-Montero
PURPOSE: To present a novel 2041 liquid-filled ionization chamber array for high-resolution verification of radiotherapy treatments. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The prototype has 2041 ionization chambers of 2.5×2.5 mm 2 area filled with isooctane. The detection elements are arranged in a central square grid of 43×43, totally covering an area of 107.5×107.5 mm 2 . The central inline and crossline are extended to 227 mm and the diagonals to 321 mm in order to be able to perform profile measurements of large fields...
February 15, 2018: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445389/interspecific-divergence-of-two-sinalliaria-brassicaceae-species-in-eastern-china
#11
Lei Zhang, Tingting Zeng, Huan Hu, Liqiang Fan, Honglei Zheng, Quanjun Hu
How endemic species originated in eastern Asia has interested botanists for a long time. In this study, we combined experimental and computational modeling approaches to examine the morphological and genetic divergence and reproductive isolation of two tentative species of Sinalliaria (Brassicaceae) endemic to eastern China, S. limprichtiana and S. grandifolia . Most of the examined morphological characters (including hairs of leaf blades and stems, corolla length and width, and flower stalk length) were well-delineated between two species at the same ploidy level, and there was clear evidence of reproductive isolation between them (mainly due to post-pollination barriers) in the common garden environment...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444845/antibacterial-activity-of-male-and-female-sperm-storage-organs-in-ants
#12
Francisco Dávila, Anne Botteaux, David Bauman, Sarah Chérasse, Serge Aron
Bacteria can damage sperm and thus reduce the reproductive success of both males and females; selection should therefore favour the evolution of antimicrobial protection. Eusocial hymenopterans might be particularly affected by such bacterial infections because of their mating ecology. In both sexes, mating is restricted to a short window early in the adult stage; there are no further chances to mate later in life. Males die shortly after mating, but queens use the acquired sperm to fertilise their eggs for years, sometimes decades...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444426/inferior-olive-hcn1-channels-coordinate-synaptic-integration-and-complex-spike-timing
#13
Derek L F Garden, Marlies Oostland, Marta Jelitai, Arianna Rinaldi, Ian Duguid, Matthew F Nolan
Cerebellar climbing-fiber-mediated complex spikes originate from neurons in the inferior olive (IO), are critical for motor coordination, and are central to theories of cerebellar learning. Hyperpolarization-activated cyclic-nucleotide-gated (HCN) channels expressed by IO neurons have been considered as pacemaker currents important for oscillatory and resonant dynamics. Here, we demonstrate that in vitro, network actions of HCN1 channels enable bidirectional glutamatergic synaptic responses, while local actions of HCN1 channels determine the timing and waveform of synaptically driven action potentials...
February 13, 2018: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438869/building-mindfulness-bottom-up-meditation-in-natural-settings-supports-open-monitoring-and-attention-restoration
#14
Freddie Lymeus, Per Lindberg, Terry Hartig
Mindfulness courses conventionally use effortful, focused meditation to train attention. In contrast, natural settings can effortlessly support state mindfulness and restore depleted attention resources, which could facilitate meditation. We performed two studies that compared conventional training with restoration skills training (ReST) that taught low-effort open monitoring meditation in a garden over five weeks. Assessments before and after meditation on multiple occasions showed that ReST meditation increasingly enhanced attention performance...
February 10, 2018: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435250/adaptations-of-white-spruce-to-climate-strong-intraspecific-differences-in-cold-hardiness-linked-to-survival
#15
Jaime Sebastian-Azcona, Uwe G Hacke, Andreas Hamann
Understanding local adaptation of tree populations to climate allows the development of assisted migration guidelines as a tool for forest managers to address climate change. Here, we study the relationship among climate, a wide range of physiological traits, and field performance of selected white spruce provenances originating from throughout the species range. Tree height, survival, cold hardiness, hydraulic, and wood anatomical traits were measured in a 32-year-old common garden trial, located in the center of the species range...
February 2018: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433638/the-chinese-garden-of-genetics-celebrating-40th-anniversary-of-genetics-society-of-china
#16
EDITORIAL
Yongbiao Xue
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 20, 2018: Journal of Genetics and Genomics, Yi Chuan Xue Bao
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427546/special-interests-and-subjective-wellbeing-in-autistic-adults
#17
Rachel Grove, Rosa A Hoekstra, Marlies Wierda, Sander Begeer
Special interests form part of the core features of autism. However, to date there has been limited research focusing on the role of special interests in the lives of autistic adults. This study surveyed autistic adults on their special interest topics, intensity, and motivation. It also assessed the relationship between special interests and a range of quality of life measures including subjective wellbeing and domain specific life satisfaction. About two thirds of the sample reported having a special interest, with relatively more males reporting a special interest than females...
February 10, 2018: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427324/uptake-and-metabolism-of-the-antidepressants-sertraline-clomipramine-and-trazodone-in-a-garden-cress-lepidium-sativum-model
#18
Bernd Reichl, Markus Himmelsbach, Lisa Emhofer, Christian W Klampfl, Wolfgang Buchberger
Environmental contamination with pharmaceuticals has received growing attention in recent years. Several studies describe the presence of traces of drugs in water bodies and soils and their impacts on non-target organisms including plants. Due to these facts investigations of the uptake and metabolism of pharmaceuticals in organisms is an emerging research area. The present study demonstrates the analysis of three selected antidepressants (sertraline, clomipramine and trazodone) as well as metabolites and transformation products in a cress model (Lepidium sativum)...
February 10, 2018: Electrophoresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427247/environmental-factors-associated-with-the-carriage-of-bacterial-pathogens-in-norway-rats
#19
Jamie L Rothenburger, Chelsea G Himsworth, Nicole M Nemeth, David L Pearl, Claire M Jardine
Worldwide, Norway rats (Rattus norvegicus) carry a number of zoonotic pathogens. Many studies have identified rat-level risk factors for pathogen carriage. The objective of this study was to examine associations between abundance, microenvironmental and weather features and Clostridium difficile, antimicrobial-resistant (AMR) Escherichia coli and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) carriage in urban rats. We assessed city blocks for rat abundance and 48 microenvironmental variables during a trap-removal study, then constructed 32 time-lagged temperature and precipitation variables and fitted multivariable logistic regression models...
February 9, 2018: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424456/characterization-of-paroxysmal-gluten-sensitive-dyskinesia-in-border-terriers-using-serological-markers
#20
M Lowrie, O A Garden, M Hadjivassiliou, D S Sanders, R Powell, L Garosi
BACKGROUND: Paroxysmal gluten-sensitive dyskinesia (PGSD) in border terriers (BTs) results from an immunologic response directed against transglutaminase (TG)2 and gliadin. Recent evidence suggests that PGSD is only one aspect of a range of possible manifestations of gluten sensitivity in the breed. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: Gluten sensitivity in BTs is a heterogeneous disease process with a diverse clinical spectrum; to characterize the phenotype of PGSD using TG2 and gliadin autoantibodies as diagnostic markers...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
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