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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925027/an-agroecological-garden-as-a-pathway-to-encounters
#1
EDITORIAL
Paula Fernandes de Brito, Marcia Gomide da Silva Mello
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925005/seed-desiccation-tolerance-and-cryopreservation-of-philippine-calamansi-x-citrofortunella-microcarpa-bunge-wijnands
#2
O L Damasco, L C Refuerzo
BACKGROUND: The traditional on farm conservation of Calamansi [x Citrofortunella microcarpa (Bunge) Wijnands], an important indigenous Citrus species in the Philippines, is now being threatened by shifting agricultural crop production, climate change, and increasing biotic and abiotic stresses. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to characterize the desiccation and cryopreservation tolerance of seeds as the basis for complementary long term ex situ conservation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Intact seeds were desiccated in an airtight container filled with activated silica gel for 0-96 h...
July 2016: Cryo Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919796/the-bad-seed-gardener-deubiquitinases-in-the-cancer-stem-cell-signaling-network-and-therapeutic-resistance
#3
REVIEW
Guan-Zhong Qiu, Wei Sun, Ming-Zhu Jin, Jing Lin, Pei-Gang Lu, Wei-Lin Jin
Tumors are comprised of highly heterogeneous populations of cells, of which only a small subset of stem-like cells possess the ability to regenerate tumors in vivo. These rare cancer stem cells (CSCs) have been regarded as the "bad seeds" accounted for tumor initiation, progression, metastasis, relapse and therapeutic resistance. CSC-targeted therapy seems to be a better avenue for radical cure of cancer. Deubiquitinases (DUBs), specifically disassembling ubiquitin chains, have been demonstrated to play an important role in rigidly maintaining the balance between ubiquitination and deubiquitination for protein quality control and homeostasis in normal circumstances...
December 2, 2016: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919767/internal-fixation-of-intra-capsular-proximal-femoral-fractures-in-patients-older-than-80-years-still-relevant-multivariate-analysis-of-a-prospective-multicentre-cohort
#4
Nicolas Reina, Paul Bonnevialle, Brice Rubens Duval, Philippe Adam, François Loubignac, Thierry Favier, Philippe Massin
BACKGROUND: Arthroplasty is now widely used to treat intra-capsular proximal femoral fractures (PFFs) in older patients, even when there is little or no displacement. However, whether arthroplasty is associated with lower mortality and complication rates in non-displaced or mildly displaced PFFs is unknown. The objectives of this prospective study were: 1) to evaluate early mortality rates with the two treatment methods, 2) to identify risk factors for complications, 3) and to identify predictors of functional decline...
December 2, 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913074/draft-genome-and-description-of-orrella-dioscoreae-gen-nov-sp-nov-a-new-species-of-alcaligenaceae-isolated-from-leaf-acumens-of-dioscorea-sansibarensis
#5
Aurelien Carlier, Margo Cnockaert, Linda Fehr, Peter Vandamme, Leo Eberl
Dioscorea sansibarensis is a monocot species of inedible yam native of tropical Africa and Madagascar. Leaves of D. sansibarensis feature prominent acumen glands that are densely colonized by bacteria. We describe here the isolation and characterization of bacteria from leaf glands of D. sansibarensis specimens obtained from various botanical gardens. Phylogenetic and phenotypic characterizations indicate that the isolates belong to a novel genus and species of the Alcaligenaceae family for which we propose the name Orrella dioscoreae gen...
November 24, 2016: Systematic and Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912013/sprouting-as-a-gardening-strategy-to-obtain-superior-supplementary-food-evidence-from-a-seed-caching-marine-worm
#6
Zhenchang Zhu, Jim van Belzen, Tao Hong, Tadao Kunihiro, Tom Ysebaert, Peter M J Herman, Tjeerd J Bouma
Only a handful of non-human animals are known to grow their own food by cultivating high-yield fungal or algal crops as staple food. Here we report an alternative strategy utilized by an omnivorous marine worm, Hediste diversicolor, to supplement its diet: gardening by sprouting seeds. In addition to having many other known feeding modes, we showed using video recordings and manipulative mesocosm experiments that this species can also behave like gardeners by deliberately burying cordgrass seeds in their burrows, which has been previously shown to reduce the loss of seeds to water...
December 2016: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911954/the-bees-among-us-modelling-occupancy-of-solitary-bees
#7
J Scott MacIvor, Laurence Packer
Occupancy modelling has received increasing attention as a tool for differentiating between true absence and non-detection in biodiversity data. This is thought to be particularly useful when a species of interest is spread out over a large area and sampling is constrained. We used occupancy modelling to estimate the probability of three phylogenetically independent pairs of native-introduced species [Megachile campanulae (Robertson)-Megachile rotundata (Fab.), Megachile pugnata Say-Megachile centuncularis (L...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910933/learning-by-association-in-plants
#8
Monica Gagliano, Vladyslav V Vyazovskiy, Alexander A Borbély, Mavra Grimonprez, Martial Depczynski
In complex and ever-changing environments, resources such as food are often scarce and unevenly distributed in space and time. Therefore, utilizing external cues to locate and remember high-quality sources allows more efficient foraging, thus increasing chances for survival. Associations between environmental cues and food are readily formed because of the tangible benefits they confer. While examples of the key role they play in shaping foraging behaviours are widespread in the animal world, the possibility that plants are also able to acquire learned associations to guide their foraging behaviour has never been demonstrated...
December 2, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910171/results-of-computed-tomography-in-dogs-with-suspected-wooden-foreign-bodies
#9
Christopher R Lamb, Elizabeth H W Pope, Karla C L Lee
Detection of wooden foreign bodies in dogs can be challenging. A retrospective, cross-sectional study was done to describe computed tomographic (CT) signs associated with wooden foreign bodies, and to estimate the accuracy of CT for detection of wooden foreign bodies. Patient records and CT images were reviewed for 72 dogs that had a history of suspected stick injury and CT of the affected body part, or possible wooden foreign object reported on CT, and had surgical exploration during the same period of hospitalization...
December 1, 2016: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908663/communal-nesting-in-the-garden-dormouse-eliomys-quercinus
#10
Adrià Viñals, Sandro Bertolino, José Antonio Gil-Delgado
Communal nesting has been described in many rodents including some dormouse species. In this study, we report the existence of this reproductive strategy in the garden dormouse Eliomys quercinus. Data was recorded by checking natural nests and nest-boxes from 2003 to 2013 in SE Spain. Pups and adults dormice found in nests were captured and marked. Overall, 198 nests were found: 161 (81.31%) were singular nests and 37 (18.69%) were communal nests. Communal nests were composed by different combinations of one up to three females together with one up to three different size litters...
November 28, 2016: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905490/inter-laboratory-evolution-of-a-model-organism-and-its-epistatic-effects-on-mutagenesis-screens
#11
Michael D Bradley, Devin Neu, Fatmagul Bahar, Roy D Welch
In theory, a few naturally occurring evolutionary changes in the genome of a model organism may have little or no observable impact on its wild type phenotype, and yet still substantially impact the phenotypes of mutant strains through epistasis. To see if this is happening in a model organism, we obtained nine different laboratories' wild type Myxococcus xanthus DK1622 "sublines" and sequenced each to determine if they had evolved after their physical separation. Under a common garden experiment, each subline satisfied the phenotypic prerequisites for wild type, but many differed to a significant degree in each of the four quantitative phenotypic traits we measured, with some sublines differing by several-fold...
December 1, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904882/first-case-of-actinomycetoma-in-france-due-to-a-novel-nocardia-species-nocardia-boironii-sp-nov
#12
Jacques M Gilquin, Brigitte Riviere, Valme Jurado, Bernard Audouy, Jean-Baptiste Kouatche, Emmanuelle Bergeron, Delphine Mouniée, Thierry Molina, Philippe Faure, Cesáreo Saiz-Jimenez, Verónica Rodríguez-Nava
Bacterial mycetoma is a neglected disease mainly observed in tropical area countries and typically associated with rural conditions, making its presence in developed countries of temperate climate areas rare. However, we report the first case of an autochthonous mycetoma case in continental France that originated from a new Nocardia species. A Gram-positive filamentous bacterium (OFN 14.177(T)) was isolated from a pus sample from the mycetoma of a male French patient 92 years old suffering from chronic lymphocytic leukemia...
November 2016: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902232/aeromicrobium-choanae-sp-nov-a-novel-actinobacterium-isolated-from-the-choana-of-a-garden-warbler
#13
Polona Ber, Stefanie Van Trappen, Peter Vandamme, Janja Trcek
A Gram-positive, non-spore forming actinobacterium strain 9H-4T isolated from the choana of a garden warbler (Sylvia borin) was studied to examine its taxonomic position. On the basis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis it was shown that strain 9H-4T belongs to the genus Aeromicrobium with Aeromicrobium flavum (98.7 %) and Aeromicrobium tamlense (98.4 %) as the nearest neighbours and forms a separate branch in a neighbour-joining 16S rRNA gene sequence based phylogenetic tree. DNA-DNA hybridizations confirmed its novel species identity by 39 % and 46 % DNA-DNA relatedness with Aeromicrobium flavum DSM 19355T and Aeromicrobium tamlense DSM 19087T, respectively...
November 3, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902198/niabella-hibiscisoli-sp-nov-isolated-from-soil-of-a-rose-of-sharon-garden
#14
Hien T T Ngo, Huan Trinh, Zheng-Fei Yan, Gabriela Moya, MooChang Kook, Tae-Hoo Yi
A Gram-stain-negative, strictly aerobic, non-motile, rod-shaped and yellow-pigmented bacterium, designated strain THG-DN5.5T, was isolated from soil of a Rose of Sharon garden in Daejeon, South Korea. According to 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons, strain THG-DN5.5T was found to be most closely related to Niabella yanshanensis CCBAU 05354T (97.7 % sequence similarity), Niabella ginsengisoli GR10-1T (97.0 %), Niabella terrae ICM 1-15T (96.0 %), Niabella soli DSM 19437T (95.7 %), and Niabella aquatica RP-2T (95...
October 21, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902195/deinococcus-ruber-sp-nov-a-radiation-resistant-bacteria-isolated-from-a-soil
#15
Eun Bit Kim, Myung Suk Kang, Eun Sun Joo, Seon Hwa Jeon, Sun Wook Jeong, Sang Yong Lim, Hee Young Jung, Sathiyaraj Srinivasan, Myung Kyum Kim
Two gamma- and ultraviolet-C resistance bacterial strains designated JSH3-1T and 9-2-2 was isolated from a garden soil in South Korea. The strains showed Gram-staining positive, aerobic, non-motile and spherical shaped cells. A polyphasic approach was used to study the taxonomic properties of the strains JSH3-1T and 9-2-2. Phylogenetic analysis based on nearly full-length 16S rRNA gene sequences of strains JSH3-1T and 9-2-2 shared highest similarity with Deinococcus radiomollis PO-04-20-132T (94.7% and 94.9%) respectively; levels of sequence similarities with the type strains of other Deinococcus species were less than 94...
October 12, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900514/process-evaluation-of-a-community-garden-at-an-urban-outpatient-clinic
#16
Brandy-Joe Milliron, Mara Z Vitolins, Elizabeth Gamble, Robert Jones, Margaret C Chenault, Janet A Tooze
In addition to expediting patient recovery, community gardens that are associated with medical facilities can provide fresh produce to patients and their families, serve as a platform for clinic-based nutrition education, and help patients develop new skills and insights that can lead to positive health behavior change. While community gardening is undergoing resurgence, there is a strong need for evaluation studies that employ valid and reliable measures. The objective of this study was to conduct a process evaluation of a community garden program at an urban medical clinic to estimate the prevalence of patient awareness and participation, food security, barriers to participation, and personal characteristics; garden volunteer satisfaction; and clinic staff perspectives in using the garden for patient education/treatment...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899465/physical-energy-bronze-sculpture-at-london-s-kensington-gardens
#17
It-Koon Tan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891176/a-series-of-patients-with-purging-type-anorexia-nervosa-who-do-tube-vomiting
#18
Takeshi Horie, Saki Harashima, Ryo Yoneda, Maiko Hiraide, Shuji Inada, Makoto Otani, Kazuhiro Yoshiuchi
BACKGROUND: It is important for clinicians to assess their patients' purging behavior. Various methods of purging, such as self-induced vomiting are well-known. Because patients do not always report their purging behavior, knowing the clinical signs that indicate the behavior is useful. However, we have experienced patients who did not have the reported physical signs of self-induced vomiting because they used hoses instead of their fingers to purge their stomach contents, which they call "tube vomiting"...
2016: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889406/is-surgeons-experience-important-on-intra-and-inter-observer-reliability-of-classifications-used-for-adult-femoral-neck-fracture
#19
Ali Turgut, Mert Kumbaracı, Önder Kalenderer, Gökhan İlyas, Tayfun Bacaksız, Levent Karapınar
PURPOSE: To evaluate whether surgeons' experience affect inter- and intra-observer reliability among mostly used classification systems for femoral neck fractures. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A power point presentation was prepared with 107 slides which were antero-posterior radiographs of each femoral neck fracture. Five residents, 5 orthopaedic surgeons and 5 senior orthopaedic surgeons reviewed this presentation and classified the fractures according to Garden, Pauwels and AO classifications...
November 23, 2016: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887578/evaluation-of-an-international-educational-programme-for-health-care-professionals-on-best-practice-in-the-management-of-a-perinatal-death-improving-perinatal-mortality-review-and-outcomes-via-education-improve
#20
Paul A Gardiner, Alison L Kent, Viviana Rodriguez, Aleena M Wojcieszek, David Ellwood, Adrienne Gordon, Patricia A Wilson, Diana M Bond, Adrian Charles, Susan Arbuckle, Glenn J Gardener, Jeremy J Oats, Jan Jaap Erwich, Fleurisca J Korteweg, T H Nguyen Duc, Susannah Hopkins Leisher, Kamal Kishore, Robert M Silver, Alexander E Heazell, Claire Storey, Vicki Flenady
BACKGROUND: Stillbirths and neonatal deaths are devastating events for both parents and clinicians and are global public health concerns. Careful clinical management after these deaths is required, including appropriate investigation and assessment to determine cause (s) to prevent future losses, and to improve bereavement care for families. An educational programme for health care professionals working in maternal and child health has been designed to address these needs according to the Perinatal Society of Australia and New Zealand Guideline for Perinatal Mortality: IMproving Perinatal mortality Review and Outcomes Via Education (IMPROVE)...
November 25, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
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