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Ling Que, Xiu-Lian Chi, Chun-Xin Zang, Yu Zhang, Min Chen, Guang Yang, An-Qi Jin
Ex-situ conservation is an important means to protect biological genetic resources. Resource protection has received more and more attention with the continuous improvement of the comprehensive utilization of traditional Chinese medicine resources. In this paper, the research and compilation of the species list of ex-situ cultivated medicinal plants in 12 Chinese Academy of Sciences botanic gardens and 19 specialized medicinal botanic gardens in China were carried out. Based on the Species 2000(2017) and other classification databases, species diversity of medicinal plants ex-situ cultivated in these botanical gardens were analyzed...
March 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Haiyan Ni, Na Li, Jiguo Qiu, Qing Chen, Jian He
In this study, a bacterial strain P13 capable of degrading pendimethalin was isolated from the soil of a fruit garden. Based on observed cellular morphology and physiology characteristics and a phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences, strain P13 was identified as a member of the genus Paracoccus. Strain P13 grew on pendimethalin as the sole carbon source, and could degrade 100 mg/L pendimethalin within 2 days and 200 mg/L pendimethalin within 5 days. Pendimethalin degradation was proposed to be initiated by oxidation ring cleavage to yield 1,3-dinitro-2-(pentan-3-ylamino)butane-1,4-diol, an alkane organic compound that was identified by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS), which then underwent a series of enzymatic reactions to produce CO2 and H2 O...
April 19, 2018: Current Microbiology
João M Lanna, Luís Alexandre E da Silva, Marli P Morim, Paula M Leitman, Natália O Queiroz, Fabiana L R Filardi, Eduardo C Dalcin, Felipe A Oliveira, Rafaela C Forzza
Background: This paper provides a quantitative and general description of the Rio de Janeiro Botanical Garden herbarium (RB) dataset. Created over a century ago, the RB currently comprises ca. 750,000 mounted specimens, with a strong representation of Brazilian flora, mainly from the Atlantic and Amazon forests. Nearly 100% of these specimens have been entered into the database and imaged and, at present, about 17% have been geo-referenced. This data paper is focused exclusively on RB's exsiccatae collection of land plants and algae, which is currently increasing by about twenty to thirty thousand specimens per year thanks to fieldwork, exchange and donations...
2018: Biodiversity Data Journal
Nicholas Crossland, John Hawke, Yulia Sokolova, Pedro Viadanna, Thomas Waltzek, Fabio Del Piero
Fifteen adult koi (Cyprinus carpio) simultaneously developed white cutaneous proliferations affecting up to 30% of their bodies. Onset of lesions (September, 2014) was associated with return to a remodeled backyard water garden after temporarily being maintained in a plastic swimming pool. A single water temperature taken during the outbreak read 21°C on November 17, 2014. The water garden was under no extrinsic heat source, with average ambient temperatures ranging from 26.4-9.4 °C during the course of the outbreak (September 2014-January 2015, respectively)...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Aquatic Animal Health
Chantal M Koolhaas, Klodian Dhana, Josje D Schoufour, Lies Lahousse, Frank J A van Rooij, M Arfan Ikram, Guy Brusselle, Henning Tiemeier, Oscar H Franco
Background: Physical activity (PA) is associated with lower risk for all-cause mortality. However, in elderly people, it remains unknown which types of PA are associated with mortality and whether the association between PA and mortality differs by cause of death. Methods: We assessed the association of total PA, walking, cycling, domestic work, sports and gardening with all-cause mortality, and the association of total PA with cause-specific mortality, using Cox proportional hazard models among 7225 older adults (mean age: 70 years) from the prospective population-based Rotterdam Study...
April 16, 2018: International Journal of Epidemiology
Lani U Gleason, Emma L Strand, Brian J Hizon, W Wesley Dowd
Complex life cycles characterized by uncertainty at transitions between larval/juvenile and adult environments could favour irreversible physiological plasticity at such transitions. To assess whether thermal tolerance of intertidal mussels ( Mytilus californianus ) adjusts to post-settlement environmental conditions, we collected juveniles from their thermally buffered microhabitat from high- and low-shore locations at cool (wave-exposed) and warm (wave-protected) sites. Juveniles were transplanted to unsheltered cages at the two low sites or placed in a common garden...
April 25, 2018: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
Pooneh Mokhtari, Ali Tayebi Meybodi, Arnau Benet, Michael T Lawton
BACKGROUND: Learning to perform a microvascular anastomosis is one of the most difficult tasks in cerebrovascular surgery. Previous studies offer little regarding the optimal protocols to maximize learning efficiency. This failure stems mainly from lack of knowledge about the learning curve of this task. OBJECTIVE: To delineate this learning curve and provide information about its various features including acquisition, improvement, consistency, stability, and recall...
April 14, 2018: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
Marek Michalski, Jerzy Nadolski
A long-term study on thermal conditions in selected urban and semi-natural habitats, where human corpses are likely to be found, was conducted in the city of Lodz (Central Poland). Thermal data were collected during two years at nine sites and compared with corresponding data from the nearest permanent meteorological station at Lodz Airport (ICAO code: EPLL). The conditions closest to those at the meteorological station prevailed in the deciduous forest, coefficient of determination R2 for those sets of data was above 0...
April 3, 2018: Forensic Science International
A P Alves, O N Mesquita, J Gómez-Gardeñes, U Agero
This manuscript describes the experimental observation of vasculogenesis in chick embryos by means of network analysis. The formation of the vascular network was observed in the area opaca of embryos from 40 to 55 h of development. In the area opaca endothelial cell clusters self-organize as a primitive and approximately regular network of capillaries. The process was observed by bright-field microscopy in control embryos and in embryos treated with Bevacizumab (Avastin® ), an antibody that inhibits the signalling of the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)...
March 2018: Royal Society Open Science
Andreas Romulo, Ervizal A M Zuhud, Johana Rondevaldova, Ladislav Kokoska
CONTEXT: In many regions of Indonesia, there are numerous traditional herbal preparations for treatment of infectious diseases. However, their antimicrobial potential has been poorly studied by modern laboratory methods. OBJECTIVE: This study investigates in vitro antimicrobial activity of 49 ethanol extracts from 37 plant species used in Indonesian traditional medicine for treatment against Candida albicans, Enterococcus faecalis, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus...
December 2018: Pharmaceutical Biology
Li Zhou, Yaping Jiang, Qin Lin, Xuan Wang, Xinzhong Zhang, Jie Xu, Zongmao Chen
BACKGROUND: The carbendazim residue in tea was a public concern. The large gap in the maximum residue limits (MRLs) for carbendazim in tea made it difficult to conduct pesticide management. Therefore, a systemic evaluation of the residue and health risk of carbendazim from the tea garden to the brewed tea was investigated. RESULTS: The dissipation of carbendazim in tea shoots followed first-order rate kinetics, with a half-life (T1/2 ) of 2.6 days. In green tea manufacturing, the carbendazim decrease of 2...
April 15, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
A Carole Gardener, Gail Ewing, Isla Kuhn, Morag Farquhar
Introduction: Understanding the breadth of patients' support needs is important for the delivery of person-centered care, particularly in progressive long-term conditions such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Existing reviews identify important aspects of managing life with COPD with which patients may need support (support needs); however, none of these comprehensively outlines the full range of support needs that patients can experience. We therefore sought to systematically determine the full range of support needs for patients with COPD to inform development of an evidence-based tool to enable person-centered care...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Julia Hoffmann, Rupert Palme, Jana Anja Eccard
Artificial light at night (ALAN) is spreading worldwide and thereby is increasingly interfering with natural dark-light cycles. Meanwhile, effects of very low intensities of light pollution on animals have rarely been investigated. We explored the effects of low intensity ALAN over seven months in eight experimental bank vole (Myodes glareolus) populations in large grassland enclosures over winter and early breeding season, using LED garden lamps. Initial populations consisted of eight individuals (32 animals per hectare) in enclosures with or without ALAN...
April 5, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Nancy M Wells, Beth M Meyers, Lauren E Todd, Charles R Henderson, Karen Barale, Brad Gaolach, Gretchen Ferenz, Martha Aitken, Caroline C Tse, Karen Ostlie Pattison, Laura Hendrix, Janet B Carson, Cayla Taylor, Nancy K Franz
This group-randomized controlled trial examines the effects of a school garden intervention on availability of fruits and vegetables (FV) in elementary school children's homes. Within each region, lowincome U.S. schools in Arkansas, Iowa, New York, and Washington State were randomly assigned to intervention group (n = 24) or waitlist control group (n = 22). Children were in grades 2, 4, and 5 at baseline (n = 2768). The garden intervention consisted of both raised-bed garden kits and a series of grade-appropriate lessons...
April 5, 2018: Preventive Medicine
Wen Zhu, Jiasui Zhan, Bruce A McDonald
We combined a common garden experimental design with digital image analysis to determine how melanization responds to temperature and fungicide stress in 126 strains of Rhynchosporium commune sampled from nine global field populations. We found that different temperatures and fungicide stress significantly affected the degree of melanization. The nine field populations showed similar patterns in response to the different temperatures. Significant correlations were found between the degree of melanization and the local environment, including mean annual temperature, latitude, and relative humidity, suggesting that melanization is a locally adaptive trait...
April 4, 2018: Fungal Genetics and Biology: FG & B
Ahmad Hassan, Chen Qibing, Jiang Tao
AIM: Gardening has long been one of most enjoyable pastimes among older adults. Whether gardening activities contribute to the well-being of older adults is a major question. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to clarify the psychophysiological relaxing effects of gardening activities on older adults living in modern institutional care. METHODS: The study participants were 40 older women aged 79.5 ± 8.09 years (mean ± SD). A cross-over study design was used to investigate the physiological and psychological responses to environments with and without plants...
April 6, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Eric R Lucas, Laurent Keller
Studies in model organisms have identified a variety of genes whose expression can be experimentally modulated to produce changes in longevity, but whether these genes are the same as those involved in natural variation in lifespan remains unclear. Social insects boast some of the largest lifespan differences known between plastic phenotypes, with queen and worker lifespans differing by an order of magnitude despite no systematic nucleotide sequence differences between them. The contrasting lifespans of queens and workers are thus the result of differences in gene expression...
April 3, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
Patricia A Nalumansi, Maud Kamatenesi-Mugisha, Godwin Anywar
Plants are commonly used during the antenatal stage in pregnancy to manage different ailments in Africa. In Uganda, both medicinal and food plants are used to handle common pregnancy related conditions. An ethnobotanical survey was conducted in Iganga district, eastern Uganda. Seven traditional birth attendants (TBA) and 46 mothers were interviewed. Data was collected using structured questionnaires and household interviews. The TBAs were identified using snowball sampling. A total of 33 plant species, belonging to 23 families were documented...
December 2017: African Journal of Reproductive Health
Adri M Galvan, Ryan Hanson, Daniel R George
There have been increasing efforts in recent decades to divert institutional food waste into composting programs. As major producers of food waste who must increasingly demonstrate community benefit, hospitals have an incentive to develop such programs. In this article, we explain the emerging opportunity to link hospitals' food services to local community gardens in order to implement robust composting programs. We describe a partnership model at our hospital in central Pennsylvania, share preliminary outcomes establishing feasibility, and offer guidance for future efforts...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Community Health
Shifeng Cheng, Michael Melkonian, Stephen A Smith, Samuel Brockington, John M Archibald, Pierre-Marc Delaux, Fay-Wei Li, Barbara Melkonian, Evgeny V Mavrodiev, Wenjing Sun, Yuan Fu, Huanming Yang, Douglas E Soltis, Sean W Graham, Pamela S Soltis, Xin Liu, Xun Xu, Gane Ka-Shu Wong
Understanding plant evolution and diversity in a phylogenomic context is an enormous challenge due, in part, to limited availability of genome-scale data across phylodiverse species. The 10KP (10,000 Plants) Genome Sequencing Project will sequence and characterize representative genomes from every major clade of embryophytes, green algae, and protists (excluding fungi) within the next 5 years. By implementing and continuously improving leading-edge sequencing technologies and bioinformatics tools, 10KP will catalogue the genome content of plant and protist diversity and make these data freely available as an enduring foundation for future scientific discoveries and applications...
March 1, 2018: GigaScience
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