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R S P Horler, A Turner, P Fretter, M Ambrose
SeedStor ( acts as the publicly available database for the seed collections held by the Germplasm Resources Unit (GRU) based at the John Inness Centre, Norwich, UK. The GRU is a national capability supported by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC). The GRU curates' germplasm collections of a range of temperate cereal, legume and Brassica crops and their associated wild relatives as well as precise genetic stocks, near-isogenic lines and mapping populations...
December 8, 2017: Plant & Cell Physiology
Federico J Kaufer, Liliana A Carral, Matías T Messina, María Vanessa Schneider, Miriam Méndez, Lourdes Herrera, Cristina B Freuler, Ricardo A Durlach
A prevalence study of antibodies anti Toxoplasma gondii in voluntary blood donors who attended the hemotherapy service at the Hospital Alemán during the first four months of the years 1997, 2007 and 2017 was carried out and the results were compared to the study carried out in 1967. The sera where processed with the Sabin Feldman Dye Test. The global average seroprevalence in 1967 was 67.0% (CI95%, 64.4%-69.6%); in 1997, 35.0% (CI95%, 33.3%-38.3%); in 2007, 31.9% (CI95%, 29.6%-34.2%) and in 2017, 21.2% (CI95%, 19...
2017: Medicina
Suzanne Lippman, Hannah Gardener, Tatjana Rundek, Azizi Seixas, Mitchell S V Elkind, Ralph L Sacco, Clinton B Wright, Alberto R Ramos
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate cross-sectional and prospective associations between short and long sleep duration and depressive symptoms in older adults (aged >65 years). METHODS: The data from a subsample of the racially/ethnically diverse Northern Manhattan Study were analyzed. Depressive symptoms were assessed twice with the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), approximately 5 years apart. The presence of depressive symptoms was defined as a CES-D score ≥16 or use of antidepressants...
December 2017: Sleep Medicine
Juliet Dobson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 7, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Dieneke Schram-Bijkerk, Piet Otte, Liesbet Dirven, Anton M Breure
Urban gardening is part of a trend towards more parks and green areas in cities, consumption of organic, locally grown products, and a closer relationship with one's own living environment. Our literature review shows that urban gardens provide opportunities for physical activity and allow people to consume homegrown fruit and vegetables. Urban gardens may also reduce stress levels of gardeners and improve social cohesion. In this way, they can help to prevent health problems. Good quality of urban soil and the functioning of soil ecosystems are indispensable prerequisites for these...
December 4, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
Devika Iddawela, Sanura Malinda Pallegoda Vithana, Chathura Ratnayake
BACKGROUND: Toxoplasma gondii is an intracellular protozoan infecting humans and animals. Infection in adults usually causes mild disease but greater importance lies in preventing transplacental transmission which can cause major foetal anomalies and is vital to identify infection in pregnancy. Research on this regard in Sri Lanka is scarce and would be beneficial in developing antenatal care strategies for improved foetal outcome. METHODS: A random sample of 536 pregnant women attending antenatal care in Teaching Hospital Peradeniya from 2010 to 2013 was recruited for this study...
December 4, 2017: BMC Public Health
Mamun Al Mahtab, Shamima Akhter, Kutub U Mollick, Mohammad H Uddin, Sakirul I Khan, Sheikh Mf Akbar
Introduction: The overall health status of workers of tea garden of Bangladesh is below the national standard. Also, almost nothing has been reported about status of hepatitis virus infection among these population and there is also a lack of consensus. Materials and methods: Several health-related facts, especially those of liver diseases, were collected from 130 workers of tea garden via questionnaire. Sera were also collected from these subjects to assess positivity of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and antibody to hepatitis C virus (anti-HCV)...
January 2017: Euroasian Journal of Hepato-Gastroenterology
Patricia Landaverde-González, José Javier G Quezada-Euán, Panagiotis Theodorou, Tomás E Murray, Martin Husemann, Ricardo Ayala, Humberto Moo-Valle, Rémy Vandame, Robert J Paxton
Traditional tropical agriculture often entails a form of slash-and-burn land management that may adversely affect ecosystem services such as pollination, which are required for successful crop yields. The Yucatán Peninsula of Mexico has a >4000 year history of traditional slash-and-burn agriculture, termed 'milpa'. Hot 'Habanero' chilli is a major pollinator-dependent crop that nowadays is often grown in monoculture within the milpa system.We studied 37 local farmers' chilli fields (sites) to evaluate the effects of landscape composition on bee communities...
December 2017: Journal of Applied Ecology
Daniel Fletcher, Andrew J Moore, Ashley W Blom, Vikki Wylde
PURPOSE: To explore the long-term impact of difficulty with kneeling and how healthcare services could be improved to help patients kneel after total knee replacement. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Telephone interviews were conducted with 56 patients who had extreme difficulty kneeling at 7-10 years after knee replacement. Patients were asked about reasons for difficulty kneeling, how it impacted upon their lives, and experiences of healthcare services. Responses were recorded on a standardized proforma and a descriptive content analysis performed...
December 3, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
Jennifer Loso, Daniel Staub, Sarah E Colby, Melissa D Olfert, Kendra Kattelmann, Melissa Vilaro, James Colee, Wenjun Zhou, Lisa Franzen-Castle, Anne E Mathews
BACKGROUND: Gardening interventions have been shown to increase fruit and vegetable (F/V) intake among school-aged children. It is unknown whether these effects persist into later adolescence or adulthood, and little is known about whether gardening in later adolescence is related to F/V intake. OBJECTIVE: To identify the relationship between both childhood and recent (within the past 12 months) gardening experiences and current F/V intake among college students...
November 30, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Prerana Bhatia, John Temple, Molly Kantor
Gardnerella is a common colonizer of the genitourinary tract, but systemic Gardnerella infections are rare and are usually associated with surgical instrumentation of the genitourinary tract. Presented is a case of symptomatic and transient Gardnerella bacteremia in an adult male patient with AIDS following a traumatic urinary catheter insertion.
November 29, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
H E Reinebrant, S H Leisher, M Coory, S Henry, A M Wojcieszek, G Gardener, R Lourie, D Ellwood, Z Teoh, E Allanson, H Blencowe, E S Draper, J J Erwich, J F Frøen, J Gardosi, K Gold, S Gordijn, A Gordon, Aep Heazell, T Y Khong, F Korteweg, J E Lawn, E M McClure, J Oats, R Pattinson, K Pettersson, D Siassakos, R M Silver, Gcs Smith, Ö Tunçalp, V Flenady
BACKGROUND: Stillbirth is a global health problem. The World Health Organization (WHO) application of the International Classification of Diseases for perinatal mortality (ICD-PM) aims to improve data on stillbirth to enable prevention. OBJECTIVES: To identify globally reported causes of stillbirth, classification systems, and alignment with the ICD-PM. SEARCH STRATEGY: We searched CINAHL, EMBASE, Medline, Global Health, and Pubmed from 2009 to 2016...
November 29, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Sandeep Kaur Saggu, Prakash Chandra Mishra
Proteases are one of the largest groups of hydrolytic enzymes constituting about 60% of total worldwide sales of industrial enzymes due to their wide applications in detergent, leather, textile, food and pharmaceutical industry. Microbial proteases have been preferred over animal and plant proteases because of their fundamental features and ease in production. Bacillus infantis SKS1, an alkaline protease producing bacteria has been isolated from garden soil of north India and identified using morphological, biochemical and molecular methods...
2017: PloS One
Zuzana Pavlíková, Dana Holá, Blanka Vlasáková, Tomáš Procházka, Zuzana Münzbergová
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Understanding the consequences of polyploidization is a major step towards assessing the importance of this mode of speciation. Most previous studies comparing different cytotypes, however, did so only within a single environment and considered only one group of traits. To take a step further, we need to explore multiple environments and a wide range of traits. The aim of this study was to assess response of diploid and autotetraploid individuals of Knautia arvensis (Dipsacaceae) to two stress conditions, shade or drought...
2017: PloS One
Fabian Brau, Florence Haudin, Stephanie Thouvenel-Romans, Anne De Wit, Oliver Steinbock, Silvana S S Cardoso, Julyan H E Cartwright
Two reaction systems that are at first sight very different produce similar macroscopic filamentary product trails. The systems are chemical gardens confined to a Hele-Shaw cell and corroding metal plates that undergo filiform corrosion. We show that the two systems are in fact very much alike. Our experiments and analysis show that filament dynamics obey similar scaling laws in both instances: filament motion is nearly ballistic and fully self-avoiding, which creates self-trapping events.
November 30, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Thomas C Parker, Jianwu Tang, Mahalia B Clark, Michael M Moody, Ned Fetcher
Eriophorum vaginatum is a tussock-forming sedge that contributes significantly to the structure and primary productivity of moist acidic tussock tundra. Locally adapted populations (ecotypes) have been identified across the geographical distribution of E. vaginatum; however, little is known about how their growth and phenology differ over the course of a growing season. The growing season is short in the Arctic and therefore exerts a strong selection pressure on tundra species. This raises the hypothesis that the phenology of arctic species may be poorly adapted if the timing and length of the growing season change...
November 2017: Ecology and Evolution
John P Rippe, Mikhail V Matz, Elizabeth A Green, Mónica Medina, Nida Z Khawaja, Thanapat Pongwarin, Jorge H Pinzón C, Karl D Castillo, Sarah W Davies
As coral reefs continue to decline worldwide, it becomes ever more necessary to understand the connectivity between coral populations to develop efficient management strategies facilitating survival and adaptation of coral reefs in the future. Orbicella faveolata is one of the most important reef-building corals in the Caribbean and has recently experienced severe population reductions. Here, we utilize a panel of nine microsatellite loci to evaluate the genetic structure of O. faveolata and to infer connectivity across ten sites spanning the wider Caribbean region...
November 2017: Ecology and Evolution
Kevin Charras, Véronique Laulier, Armelle Varcin, Jean-Pierre Aquino
More and more dwelling facilities for people with dementia invest gardens as convivial, resourceful, and relational places. However, there is a demand for scientific evidence of such statements. The aims of this literature review are to enlighten scientific evidence concerning uses and therapeutic virtues of garden for people with dementia, and to contribute to an evidence-based design approach by identifying key dimension of garden design. Twenty two articles were selected for this literature review and six clusters were identified...
December 1, 2017: Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement
A Shchetynina, I Budzanivska, O Pereboychuk, M Sõmera, E Truve
In September 2011, the leaf samples of hosta cultivar 'Sum and substance' were collected from the collection of Gryshko' National Botanical Garden in Kyiv. The leaves showed dark green streaking and puckering along the leaf veins. Transmission electron microscopy revealed the presence of filamentous viral particles 13 nm in diameter and 470-580 nm in length. Reverse transcription PCR (RT-PCR) analysis confirmed the presence of Hosta virus X (HVX). The sequencing of the complete genome revealed 99% identity to HVX-37 and 97...
2017: Acta Virologica
Nele Huys, Katrien De Cocker, Marieke De Craemer, Marleen Roesbeke, Greet Cardon, Sara De Lepeleere
School gardens have beneficial effects on children's dietary behaviors but information on its implementation is scarce. The current study aimed to gain insight in implementation practices of school gardens and in perceptions of key members and children towards a school garden. We conducted twelve interviews involving 14 key members and five focus groups with 38 children from fifth to sixth grade (10-13 years old) in four primary schools in Ghent (Flanders, Belgium). We analyzed the interviews and focus groups in NVivo, using thematic analysis...
November 25, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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