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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432638/community-gardens-as-environmental-health-interventions-benefits-versus-potential-risks
#1
REVIEW
W K Al-Delaimy, M Webb
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this paper was to summarize current findings on community gardens relevant to three specific areas of interest as follows: (1) health benefits, (2) garden interventions in developing versus developed countries, and (3) the concerns and risks of community gardening. RECENT FINDINGS: Community gardens are a reemerging phenomenon in many low- and high-income urban neighborhoods to address the common risk factors of modern lifestyle...
April 21, 2017: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431543/more-complications-in-uncemented-compared-to-cemented-hemiarthroplasty-for-displaced-femoral-neck-fractures-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-201-patients-with-one-year-follow-up
#2
Sophie Moerman, Nina M C Mathijssen, Dieu D Niesten, Roeland Riedijk, Willard J Rijnberg, Sander Koëter, Keetie Kremers van de Hei, Wim E Tuinebreier, Tim L Molenaar, Rob G H H Nelissen, Anne J H Vochteloo
BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether cemented or uncemented hemiarthroplasty is the best treatment option in elderly patients with displaced femoral neck fractures. Previous randomized trials comparing cemented and uncemented hemiarthroplasty have conflicting results. We conducted a randomized controlled trial to compare cemented and uncemented hemiarthroplasty. METHODS: This multicenter parallel-randomized controlled trial included patients of 70 years and older with a displaced femoral neck fracture (Garden type III or IV)...
April 21, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430530/reply-to-a-garden-et-al
#3
Shanthi Marur, Shuli Li, Anthony Cmelak, Barbara Burtness
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430528/ecog-acrin-1308-commentary-on-a-negative-phase-ii-trial
#4
Adam S Garden, Pierre Blanchard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429244/fluctuating-asymmetry-of-meristic-traits-an-isofemale-line-analysis-in-an-invasive-drosophilid-zaprionus-indianus
#5
Lilian Madi-Ravazzi, Luis Fernando Segala, Vincent Debat, Jean R David
Metric (e.g., body size) and meristic (e.g., bristle number) traits are of general use in quantitative genetic studies, and the phenotypic variance is subdivided into a genetic and a non-genetic environmental component. The non-genetic variance may have two origins: a common garden effect between individuals and a developmental instability within the same individual. Developmental instability may be studied by considering the fluctuating asymmetry (FA) between the two sides of the body. The isofemale line technique is a convenient method for investigating the architecture of natural populations but has been rarely implemented for investigating FA...
April 20, 2017: Genetica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428347/sugar-sweetened-and-artificially-sweetened-beverages-in-relation-to-stroke-and-dementia-are-soft-drinks-hard-on-the-brain
#6
EDITORIAL
Heike Wersching, Hannah Gardener, Ralph L Sacco
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 20, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426415/detection-of-echinococcus-multilocularis-dna-in-fruit-vegetable-and-mushroom-samples-collected-in-the-non-endemic-territory-of-the-pomerania-province-and-comparison-of-the-results-with-data-from-rural-areas-of-the-neighbouring-highly-endemic-warmia-masuria
#7
Anna Lass, Beata Szostakowska, Przemyslaw Myjak, Krzysztof Korzeniewski
Echinococcus multilocularis is a tapeworm that may cause alveolar echinococcosis (AE), one of the most dangerous parasitic zoonoses. As in the case of some foodborne diseases, unwashed fruits and vegetables contaminated with eggs of E. multilocularis may serve as an important transmission route for this parasite. The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of E. multilocularis DNA in fruit, vegetables, and mushrooms in rural areas of the Pomerania province, Poland (non-endemic territory). In total, 104 environmental fruit, vegetable, and mushroom samples collected in forests, plantations, and kitchen gardens were analysed using nested PCR based on the mitochondrial 12S rRNA gene...
June 1, 2017: Acta Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424634/when-the-second-language-takes-the-lead-neurocognitive-processing-changes-in-the-first-language-of-adult-attriters
#8
Kristina Kasparian, Karsten Steinhauer
Although research on multilingualism has revealed continued neuroplasticity for language-learning beyond what was previously expected, it remains controversial whether and to what extent a second language (L2) acquired in adulthood may induce changes in the neurocognitive processing of a first language (L1). First language (L1) attrition in adulthood offers new insight on neuroplasticity and the factors that modulate neurocognitive responses to language. To date, investigations of the neurocognitive correlates of L1 attrition and of factors influencing these mechanisms are still scarce...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420546/facilitating-fresh-state-laws-supporting-school-gardens-are-associated-with-use-of-garden-grown-produce-in-school-nutrition-services-programs
#9
Lindsey Turner, Julien Leider, Elizabeth Piekarz, Rebecca M Schermbeck, Caitlin Merlo, Nancy Brener, Jamie F Chriqui
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether state laws are associated with the presence of school gardens and the use of garden-grown produce in school nutrition services programs. DESIGN: Nationally representative data from the School Health Policies and Practices Study 2014 were combined with objectively coded state law data regarding school gardens. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Outcomes were: (1) the presence of a school garden at each school (n = 419 schools), and (2) the use of garden-grown items in the school nutrition services program...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419758/provenance-effect-on-carbon-assimilation-photochemistry-and-leaf-morphology-in-mediterranean-cistus-species-under-chilling-stress
#10
Giacomo Puglielli, Francisco J Cuevas Román, Rosangela Catoni, José M Moreno Rojas, Loretta Gratani, Laura Varone
The potential resilience of shrub species to environmental change deserves attention in those areas threatened by climate change such as the Mediterranean basin. We asked if leaves produced under climatically different conditions through the winter season up to spring can highlight the leaf traits involved in determining the potential resilience of three Cistus spp. to changing environmental conditions and to what extent intra-specific differences affect such a response. We analyzed carbon assimilation, maximum quantum efficiency of PSII photochemistry (Fv /Fm ) and the leaf morphological control of the photosynthetic process in leaves formed through the winter season up to spring in C...
April 18, 2017: Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419355/vegetable-garden-as-therapeutic-horticulture-for-patients-with-chronic-pain
#11
John S Quick, Sarah B Robishaw, Kelly A Baylor, Dawn I Snyder, John J Han
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414878/do-outdoor-workers-know-their-risk-of-nmsc-perceptions-beliefs-and-preventive-behaviour-among-farmers-roofers-and-gardeners
#12
A Zink, D Wurstbauer, M Rotter, M Wildner, T Biedermann
BACKGROUND: Non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) was officially recognized in 2015 as an occupational disease for outdoor workers in Germany. Together with the enormous socioeconomic impact of NMSC, this has led to the continuous demand of evidence-based prevention. However, studies assessing the perceptions and beliefs along with risk behavior of outdoor workers as an essential prerequisite for prevention are rare. OBJECTIVE: To assess perceptions, beliefs, barriers, risk and preventive behavior towards non-melanoma skin cancer among different outdoor groups as a basis for the development of sustainable prevention programs...
April 17, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412623/the-urban-heat-island-effect-its-causes-and-mitigation-with-reference-to-the-thermal-properties-of-asphalt-concrete
#13
REVIEW
Abbas Mohajerani, Jason Bakaric, Tristan Jeffrey-Bailey
The Urban Heat Island (UHI) is a phenomenon that affects many millions of people worldwide. The higher temperatures experienced in urban areas compared to the surrounding countryside has enormous consequences for the health and wellbeing of people living in cities. The increased use of manmade materials and increased anthropogenic heat production are the main causes of the UHI. This has led to the understanding that increased urbanisation is the primary cause of the urban heat island. The UHI effect also leads to increased energy needs that further contribute to the heating of our urban landscape, and the associated environmental and public health consequences...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406428/green-care-a-review-of-the-benefits-and-potential-of-animal-assisted-care-farming-globally-and-in-rural-america
#14
REVIEW
Brianna Artz, Doris Bitler Davis
The term Green Care includes therapeutic, social or educational interventions involving farming; farm animals; gardening or general contact with nature. Although Green Care can occur in any setting in which there is interaction with plants or animals, this review focuses on therapeutic practices occurring on farms. The efficacy of care farming is discussed and the broad utilization of care farming and farm care communities in Europe is reviewed. Though evidence from care farms in the United States is included in this review, the empirical evidence which could determine its efficacy is lacking...
April 13, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402235/intraspecific-variation-in-and-environment-dependent-resource-allocation-to-embryonic-development-time-in-common-terns
#15
Oscar Vedder, Nathalie Kürten, Sandra Bouwhuis
Embryonic development time is thought to impact life histories through trade-offs against life-history traits later in life, yet the inference is based on interspecific comparative analyses only. It is largely unclear whether intraspecific variation in embryonic development time that is not caused by environmental differences occurs, which would be required to detect life-history trade-offs. Here we performed a classical common-garden experiment by incubating fresh eggs of free-living common terns (Sterna hirundo) in a controlled incubation environment at two different temperatures...
July 2017: Physiological and Biochemical Zoology: PBZ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398528/initial-response-by-a-native-beetle-chrysochus-auratus-coleoptera-chrysomelidae-to-a-novel-introduced-host-plant-vincetoxicum-rossicum-gentianales-apocynaceae
#16
R B deJonge, R S Bourchier, S M Smith
Native insects can form novel associations with introduced invasive plants and use them as a food source. The recent introduction into eastern North America of a nonnative European vine, Vincetoxicum rossicum (Kleopow) Barbar., allows us to examine the initial response of a native chrysomelid beetle, Chrysochus auratus F., that feeds on native plants in the same family as V. rossicum (Apocynaceae). We tested C. auratus on V. rossicum and closely related or co-occurring native plants (Apocynum spp., Asclepias spp...
April 8, 2017: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397116/extended-use-of-grey-water-for-irrigating-home-gardens-in-an-arid-environment
#17
Abdulrahim M Al-Ismaili, Mushtaque Ahmed, Ahmed Al-Busaidi, Seif Al-Adawi, Roman Tandlich, Mohammed Al-Amri
The use of treated grey water (GW) for home gardens, peri-urban agriculture and landscaping is becoming popular in many water stressed countries such as Oman. This study aims to investigate the treatment efficacy, health and chemical concerns, cost-benefits and maintenance protocol of a GW treatment system as well as the effect of irrigation with GW on crop yield. Therefore, a decentralized homemade GW treatment system was installed in a newly constructed house in Muscat, Oman and studied over a 2-year period...
April 10, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395826/identification-of-biochemical-features-of-defective-coffea-arabica-l-beans
#18
María I Casas, Michael J Vaughan, Pierluigi Bonello, Brian McSpadden Gardener, Erich Grotewold, Ana P Alonso
Coffee organoleptic properties are based in part on the quality and chemical composition of coffee beans. The presence of defective beans during processing and roasting contribute to off flavors and reduce overall cup quality. A multipronged approach was undertaken to identify specific biochemical markers for defective beans. To this end, beans were split into defective and non-defective fractions and biochemically profiled in both green and roasted states. A set of 17 compounds in green beans, including organic acids, amino acids and reducing sugars; and 35 compounds in roasted beans, dominated by volatile compounds, organic acids, sugars and sugar alcohols, were sufficient to separate the defective and non-defective fractions...
May 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393848/leaf-n-and-p-stoichiometry-in-relation-to-leaf-shape-and-plant-size-for-quercus-acutissima-provenances-across-china
#19
Hui Zhang, Xiuqing Yang, Jingyuan Wang, G Geoff Wang, Mukui Yu, Tonggui Wu
Plant stoichiometry in relation to the structure and function of biological systems has been investigated at multiple scales. However, few studies have focused on the roles of stoichiometry for a given species. In this study, we determined leaf N and P stoichiometry, leaf shape and plant size in three Quercus acutissima common gardens with different climatic and site conditions. In the three common gardens, leaf N and P stoichiometry was significantly correlated with leaf shape and plant size, suggesting that leaf N and P stoichiometry affects the morphological performance of the leaves and stem...
April 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391429/femoral-neck-fracture-osteosynthesis-by-the-biplane-double-supported-screw-fixation-method-bdsf-reduces-the-risk-of-fixation-failure-clinical-outcomes-in-207-patients
#20
Orlin Filipov, Karl Stoffel, Boyko Gueorguiev, Christoph Sommer
INTRODUCTION: Osteosynthesis of femoral neck fractures is related up to 46% rate of complications. The novel method of biplane double-supported screw fixation (BDSF; Filipov's method) offers better stability using three medially diverging cannulated screws with two of them buttressed on the calcar. Biomechanically, the most effective component is the distal screw placed at steeper angle and supported on a large area along the distal and posterior cortex of the femoral neck following its spiral anterior curve...
April 8, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
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