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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649753/-for-our-garden-of-remembrance-is-somewhere-else-narratives-of-separation-through-the-eyes-of-freud-s-patients
#1
Anat Tzur Mahalel
This article presents a unique collection of narratives of separation - unique because the separation here is from psychoanalysis and from Freud as analyst. These narratives were published as part of memoirs written about Freud by three of his patients. Their narratives of separation give us an innovative point of view on the psychoanalytic process, in particular with respect to the importance they place on the termination phase of the analysis at a time when Freud himself had not given it much consideration...
June 25, 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649345/body-shape-differences-in-a-pair-of-closely-related-malawi-cichlids-and-their-hybrids-effects-of-genetic-variation-phenotypic-plasticity-and-transgressive-segregation
#2
Martin Husemann, Michael Tobler, Cagney McCauley, Baoqing Ding, Patrick D Danley
Phenotypic differences may have genetic and plastic components. Here, we investigated the contributions of both for differences in body shape in two species of Lake Malawi cichlids using wild-caught specimens and a common garden experiment. We further hybridized the two species to investigate the mode of gene action influencing body shape differences and to examine the potential for transgressive segregation. We found that body shape differences between the two species observed in the field are maintained after more than 10 generations in a standardized environment...
June 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647285/contrasting-patterns-of-energy-metabolism-in-northern-vs-southern-peripheral-european-flounder-populations-exposed-to-temperature-rising-and-hypoxia
#3
Nicolas Pédron, Jessy Le Du, Grégory Charrier, José-Luis Zambonino-Infante, Nicolas Le Bayon, Rita P Vasconcelos, Vanessa F Fonseca, Fabienne Le Grand, Jean Laroche
A two months common garden experiment was carried out to explore the potential differences of energy metabolism in northern core (France, 50°N and 47°N) vs southern peripheral (Portugal, 41°N) populations of European flounder Platichthys flesus, submitted to cold condition (CC: water temperature = 10 °C) and to warm and hypoxic condition (WHC: water temperature = 22 °C, and moderate hypoxia with O2 saturation = 40% during the last 6 days). Convergent growth rates (in length) were observed in the different populations and conditions, when the southern peripheral population of Portugal did not grow under cold conditions...
June 15, 2017: Marine Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645920/common-garden-test-of-range-limits-as-predicted-by-a-species-distribution-model-in-the-annual-plant-mimulus-bicolor
#4
Andrea L Dixon, Jeremiah W Busch
PREMISE OF THE STUDY: Direct tests of a species distribution model (SDM) were used to evaluate the hypothesis that the northern and southern edges of Mimulus bicolor's geographical range are limited by temperature and precipitation. METHODS: Climatic suitability was predicted using an SDM informed only by temperature and precipitation variables. These predictions were tested by growing plants in growth chambers with temperature and watering treatments informed by weather stations characteristic of environments at the geographic center, edges, and outside the range...
June 2017: American Journal of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643564/the-power-of-traditional-design-techniques-the-effects-of-viewing-a-japanese-garden-on-individuals-with-cognitive-impairment
#5
Seiko Goto, Thomas J Gianfagia, John P Munafo, Eijiro Fujii, Xuting Shen, Minkai Sun, Bertram Emil Shi, Congcong Liu, Hiroshi Hamano, Karl Herrup
PURPOSE: This study is to examine how viewing a Japanese garden affects Japanese patients with dementia. BACKGROUND: In a previous study, authors explored the effect on individuals with Alzheimer's disease of viewing an indoor Japanese garden at a nursing home in the United States and reported that viewing the garden significantly reduced the heart rate, evoked short-term and long-term memories, and improved behavioral symptoms. However, it was unclear whether these effects were caused by the design of Japanese garden or unfamiliarity of the design to Caucasians...
July 2017: HERD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642662/femoral-neck-fractures-garden-i-and-ii-evaluation-of-the-deviation-in-lateral-view
#6
Natália Zalc Leonhardt, Lucas da Ponte Melo, David Gonçalves Nordon, Fernando Brandão de Andrade E Silva, Kodi Edson Kojima, Jorge Santos Silva
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the rate of deviation in the lateral radiographic incidence in patients with femoral neck fracture classified as non-diverted in the anteroposterior view (Garden I and II). METHODS: Nineteen selected patients with femoral neck fractures classified as Garden I and II were retrospectively evaluated, estimating the degree of deviation in the lateral view. RESULTS: Fifteen cases (79%) presented deviations in lateral view, with a mean of 18...
March 2017: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641477/application-of-whole-genome-sequencing-technology-in-the-investigation-of-genetic-causes-of-fetal-perinatal-and-early-infant-death
#7
Jane E Armes, Mark Williams, Gareth Price, Tristan Wallis, Renee Gallagher, Admire Matsika, Christopher Joy, Melanie Galea, Glenn Gardener, Rick Leach, Sigrid Ma Swagemakers, Rick Tearle, Andrew Stubbs, James Harraway, Peter J van der Spek, Deon J Venter
Death in the fetal, perinatal, and early infant age-group has a multitude of causes, a proportion of which is presumed to be genetic. Defining a specific genetic aberration leading to the death is problematic at this young age, due to limited phenotype-genotype correlation inherent in the underdeveloped phenotype, the inability to assess certain phenotypic traits after death, and the problems of dealing with rare disorders. In this study, our aim was to increase the yield of identification of a defined genetic cause of an early death...
January 1, 2017: Pediatric and Developmental Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638192/treatment-effect-of-antipsychotics-in-combination-with-horticultural-therapy-on-patients-with-schizophrenia-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#8
Shunhong Zhu, Hengjing Wan, Zhide Lu, Huiping Wu, Qun Zhang, Xiaoqiong Qian, Chenyu Ye
BACKGROUND: As a newly developed treatment method for schizophrenia, horticultural therapy is gaining more attention. However, there is as of now little research investigating this topic as well as a general lack of studies adopting into standard treatment plans. AIMS: Investigate treatment effect of horticultural therapy on patients with schizophrenia and its possibility of standardized application in psychiatric hospitals. METHODS: 110 patients with schizophrenia who met the inclusion criteria and provided informed consent were selected from the rehabilitation ward of the Minhang District Mental Health Center from September 2015 to December 2015...
August 25, 2016: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638100/camphor-engine-driven-micro-boat-guides-evolution-of-chemical-gardens
#9
Mark Frenkel, Victor Multanen, Roman Grynyov, Albina Musin, Yelena Bormashenko, Edward Bormashenko
A micro-boat self-propelled by a camphor engine, carrying seed crystals of FeCl3, promoted the evolution of chemical gardens when placed on the surface of aqueous solutions of potassium hexacyanoferrate. Inverse chemical gardens (growing from the top downward) were observed. The growth of the "inverse" chemical gardens was slowed down with an increase in the concentration of the potassium hexacyanoferrate. Heliciform precipitates were formed under the self-propulsion of the micro-boat. A phenomenological model, satisfactorily describing the self-locomotion of the camphor-driven micro-boat, is introduced and checked...
June 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633653/household-cereal-crop-harvest-and-children-s-nutritional-status-in-rural-burkina-faso
#10
Kristine Belesova, Antonio Gasparrini, Ali Sié, Rainer Sauerborn, Paul Wilkinson
BACKGROUND: Reduction of child undernutrition is one of the Sustainable Development Goals for 2030. Achievement of this goal may be made more difficult in some settings by climate change through adverse impact on agricultural productivity. However, there is only limited quantitative evidence on the link between household crop harvests and child nutrition. We examined this link in a largely subsistence farming population in rural Burkina Faso. METHODS: Data on the middle-upper arm circumference (MUAC) of 975 children ≤5 years of age, household crop yields, and other parameters were obtained from the Nouna Health and Demographic Surveillance System...
June 20, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632464/effects-of-video-modeling-with-video-feedback-on-vocational-skills-of-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#11
Derek L English, Sadhana Gounden, Richard E Dagher, Shu Fen Chan, Brett E Furlonger, Angelika Anderson, Dennis W Moore
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effectiveness of a video modeling (VM) with video feedback (VFB) intervention to teach vocational gardening skills to three adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHOD: A multiple probe design across skills was used to assess the effects of the intervention on the three participants' ability to perform skills accurately. RESULTS: The use of VM with VFB led to improvements across skills for two of the participants...
February 16, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630235/ultrasound-markers-of-carotid-atherosclerosis-and-cognition-the-northern-manhattan-study
#12
Hannah Gardener, Michelle R Caunca, Chuanhui Dong, Ying Kuen Cheung, Mitchell S V Elkind, Ralph L Sacco, Tatjana Rundek, Clinton B Wright
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Ultrasound markers of carotid atherosclerosis may be related to cognitive status. We hypothesized that individuals with greater carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) and carotid plaque burden would exhibit worse cognition. METHODS: One thousand one hundred sixty-six stroke-free participants from the NOMAS (Northern Manhattan Study) underwent carotid ultrasound and neuropsychological examination. Among them, 826 underwent a second neuropsychological examination an average of 5 years later...
June 19, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628460/risk-factors-for-legionella-longbeachae-legionnaires-disease-new-zealand
#13
Emma Kenagy, Patricia C Priest, Claire M Cameron, Debbie Smith, Pippa Scott, Vicki Cho, Peter Mitchell, David R Murdoch
Legionella longbeachae, found in soil and compost-derived products, is a globally underdiagnosed cause of Legionnaires' disease. We conducted a case-control study of L. longbeachae Legionnaires' disease in Canterbury, New Zealand. Case-patients were persons hospitalized with L. longbeachae pneumonia, and controls were persons randomly sampled from the electoral roll for the area served by the participating hospital. Among 31 cases and 172 controls, risk factors for Legionnaires' disease were chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, history of smoking >10 years, and exposure to compost or potting mix...
July 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626951/considering-the-unintentional-consequences-of-pollinator-gardens-for-urban-native-plants-is-the-road-to-extinction-paved-with-good-intentions
#14
Anna L Johnson, Andrea M Fetters, Tia-Lynn Ashman
Urban centers are important foci for plant biodiversity and yet widespread planting of wildflower gardens in cities to sustain pollinator biodiversity is on the rise, without full consideration of potential ecological consequences. The impact of intentional wildflower plantings on remnant native plant diversity in urban and peri-urban settings has not received attention, although shared pollinators are likely to mediate several types of biotic interactions between human-introduced plants and remnant native ones...
June 19, 2017: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622704/evaluation-of-quality-of-life-physical-activity-and-nutritional-profile-of-postmenopausal-women-with-and-without-vitamin-d-deficiency
#15
Adriele Delchiaro, Flávia de Jesus Oliveira, Camila Lopez Bonacordi, Bruna Libanori Chedid, Giuliana Annicchino, Cesar Eduardo Fernandes, Rodolfo Strufaldi, Luciano M Pompei, Marcelo Luis Steiner
Introduction Vitamin D deficiency is associated with various diseases. Prevalent in Brazil, it can result from inadequate lifestyle habits. Objective To demonstrate that postmenopausal women with vitamin D deficiency have worse quality of health, expressed as worse quality of life, lower levels of physical activity, and worse nutritional profile. Methods Postmenopausal women answered questionnaires about physical activity and quality of life, provided a 24-hour food record, and had serum vitamin D levels measured...
June 16, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621134/surfactant-and-binder-free-hierarchical-platinum-nanoarrays-directly-grown-onto-a-carbon-felt-electrode-for-efficient-electrocatalysis
#16
Widya Ernayati Kosimaningrum, Thi-Xuan-Huong Le, Yaovi Holade, Mikhael Bechelany, Sophie Tingry, Buchari Buchari, Indra Noviandri, Christophe Innocent, Marc Cretin
The future of fuel cells that convert the chemical energy to electricity relies mostly on the efficiency of oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) due to its sluggish kinetics. By effectively bypassing the use of organic surfactants, post-synthesis steps for the immobilization onto electrodes, the catalytic inks preparation using binders, and the common problem of nanoparticles detachment from supports involved in traditional methodologies, we demonstrate a versatile electrodeposition method for growing anisotropic microstructures directly onto a three-dimensional (3D) carbon felt electrode, using platinum nanoparticles as elementary building blocks...
June 16, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620335/a-different-way-to-stay-in-touch-with-urban-nature-the-perceived-restorative-qualities-of-botanical-gardens
#17
Giuseppe Carrus, Massimiliano Scopelliti, Angelo Panno, Raffaele Lafortezza, Giuseppe Colangelo, Sabine Pirchio, Francesco Ferrini, Fabio Salbitano, Mariagrazia Agrimi, Luigi Portoghesi, Paolo Semenzato, Giovanni Sanesi
Botanical gardens represent interesting arenas for research in environmental psychology and environment-behavior relations. They can be considered a very particular type of restorative environment and also have a relevant social function for the promotion of a more sustainable lifestyle in current societies. In this paper, we present a study assessing the relationship between the perceived restorativeness, the psychological and physical benefits experienced, and the subjective well-being reported by visitors of botanical gardens in four different cities in Italy (N = 127)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619783/community-gardening-community-farming-and-other-local-community-based-gardening-interventions-to-prevent-overweight-and-obesity-in-high-income-and-middle-income-countries-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#18
Thomas L Heise, Matthias Romppel, Sandra Molnar, Barbara Buchberger, Agnes van den Berg, Gerald Gartlehner, Stefan K Lhachimi
INTRODUCTION: The worldwide prevalence of overweight/obesity has continued to rise over the last decades. To reverse this trend, public health authorities are exploring cost-effective interventions, especially in high-income and middle-income countries. Community gardening offers a unique opportunity for individuals to enhance physical activity levels and improve their diet. However, synthesised evidence on the short-term or long-term effectiveness and on the costs of community gardening interventions to prevent overweight/obesity remains limited...
June 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618586/pattern-of-a-confined-chemical-garden-controlled-by-injection-speed
#19
Shu Wagatsuma, Takuro Higashi, Yutaka Sumino, Ayumi Achiwa
Pattern of confined chemical garden was controlled by the speed of injected fluid, and their mechanism is discussed. A confined chemical garden system was constructed where an aqueous solution of cobalt chloride was injected into a cell filled with sodium silicate solution. The reaction of these two solutions resulted in the formation of precipitation. The viscosities of the prepared aqueous solutions were set to be similar in order to rule out the possibility of Saffman-Taylor instability. The injection front showed three distinctive patterns: algaes, shells, and filaments, which were dependent on injection speed...
May 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618567/optimizing-diffusion-in-multiplexes-by-maximizing-layer-dissimilarity
#20
Alfredo B Serrano, Jesús Gómez-Gardeñes, Roberto F S Andrade
Diffusion in a multiplex depends on the specific link distribution between the nodes in each layer, but also on the set of the intralayer and interlayer diffusion coefficients. In this work we investigate, in a quantitative way, the efficiency of multiplex diffusion as a function of the topological similarity among multiplex layers. This similarity is measured by the distance between layers, taken among the pairs of layers. Results are presented for a simple two-layer multiplex, where one of the layers is held fixed, while the other one can be rewired in a controlled way in order to increase or decrease the interlayer distance...
May 2017: Physical Review. E
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