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Arabella Proffer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
Anne Same, Elinda Ai Lim Lee, Beverley McNamara, Lorna Rosenwax
Little is known about the significance of gardening services for frail elderly people. This study explored the value of a gardening service for frail older people and people with a disability living in the community. Using qualitative and quantitative data collected from pre-gardening (n = 38) and post-gardening service delivery interviews (n = 35) and the Housing Enabler, the value of a gardening service was examined. Findings suggest that the service had a positive impact on the independence and emotional well-being of frail aged people and younger people with a functional disability, with little impact on physical health...
November 2016: Home Health Care Management & Practice
Heidi Hirsch, Isabell Hensen, Karsten Wesche, Daniel Renison, Catherina Wypior, Matthias Hartmann, Henrik von Wehrden
Introduced plants often face new environmental conditions in their non-native ranges. To become invasive, they need to overcome several biotic and abiotic filters that may trigger adaptive changes in life-history traits, like post-germination processes. Such early life cycle traits may play a crucial role in the colonization and establishment success of invasive plants. As a previous study revealed that seeds of non-native populations of the woody Siberian elm, Ulmus pumila germinated faster than those of native populations, we expected growth performance of seedlings to mirror this finding...
October 13, 2016: AoB Plants
Dorine Bouquet, Armelle Braud, Thierry Lebeau
Urban garden soils are a potential repository of heavy metal pollution, resulting from either anthropogenic or geogenic origin. The efficiency of phytoextraction was compared on two garden soils with the same texture and topsoil Pb concentration (170 mg kg(-1)) but not the same origin: one geogenic, the other anthropogenic. Two varieties of Brassica juncea were tested with citric acid (25 mmol kg(-1)) or Ethylene Diamine Tetraacetic Acid (EDTA, 2.5 mmol kg(-1)). Geogenic Pb was shown to be two times less available than anthropogenic Pb, with as a result the phytoextraction efficiency being reduced by 59%...
October 14, 2016: International Journal of Phytoremediation
Sidhanta Sekhar Bisoi, Swati S Mishra, Jijnasa Barik, Debabrata Panda
The aim of the present study was investigation the effects of fly ash and mining soil on growth and antioxidant protection of two cultivars of Indian wild rice (Oryza nivara and Oryza rufipogon) for possible phytoremediation and restoration of metal contaminated site. In this study, Indian wild rice showed significant changes in germination, growth and biochemical parameters after exposure to different ratio of fly ash and mining soil with garden soil. There was significant reduction of germination, fresh weight, dry weight, leaf chlorophyll content, leaf area, SPAD index, proteins, and activities of antioxidant enzymes in both cultivars of the wild rice grown in 100% fly ash and mining soil compared to the plants grown in 100% garden soil...
October 14, 2016: International Journal of Phytoremediation
Bryce A Richardson, Lindsay Chaney, Nancy L Shaw, Shannon M Still
Rising temperatures have begun to shift flowering time, but it is unclear whether phenotypic plasticity can accommodate projected temperature change for this century. Evaluating clines in phenological traits and the extent and variation in plasticity can provide key information on assessing risk of maladaptation and developing strategies to mitigate climate change. In this study, flower phenology was examined in 52 populations of big sagebrush (Artemisia tridentata) growing in three common gardens. Flowering date (anthesis) varied 91 days from late July to late November among gardens...
October 14, 2016: Global Change Biology
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 15, 2016: Veterinary Record
Klodian Dhana, Chantal M Koolhaas, Mathilde A Berghout, Anna Peeters, M Arfan Ikram, Henning Tiemeier, Albert Hofman, Wilma Nusselder, Oscar H Franco
BACKGROUND: We aimed to determine the contribution of specific physical activity (PA) types (i.e. walking, cycling, domestic work, sports and gardening) on total life expectancy (LE) and LE with and without cardiovascular disease (CVD). METHODS: We constructed multistate life tables to calculate the effects of total PA and PA types on LE, among individuals older than 55 years from the Rotterdam Study. For the life table calculations, we used sex-specific prevalences, incident rates and hazard ratios for three transitions (healthy-to-CVD, healthy-to-death and CVD-to-death) by levels of PA and adjusted for confounders...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Public Health
Jennifer Weller, Ian Civil, Jane Torrie, David Cumin, Alexander Garden, Arden Corter, Alan Merry
AIM: Unintended patient harm is a major contributor to poor outcomes for surgical patients and often reflects failures in teamwork. To address this we developed a Multidisciplinary Operating Room Simulation (MORSim) intervention to improve teamwork in the operating room (OR) and piloted it with 20 OR teams in two of the 20 District Health Boards in New Zealand prior to national implementation. In this study, we describe the experience of those exposed to the intervention, challenges to implementing changes in clinical practice and suggestions for successful implementation of the programme at a regional or national level...
October 14, 2016: New Zealand Medical Journal
Barbora Micháleková-Richveisová, Vladimír Frišták, Martin Pipíška, Libor Ďuriška, Eduardo Moreno-Jimenez, Gerhard Soja
A new post-treatment method was applied for improving the sorption efficiency of biochar-based sorbents for anionic forms of phosphorus. The Fe-impregnation through direct hydrolysis of Fe(NO3)3 was used to produce impregnated corn cob- (IBC A), garden wood waste- (IBC B), and wood chip-derived biochars (IBC C). The qualitative and quantitative effects of impregnation process on biochars were confirmed by SEM-EDX, FTIR, and ICP-MS. The analyses revealed increased concentrations of N and thus potential NO3(-) participation in the phosphate sorption process...
October 11, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Qing Zhao, Xiao-Ya Chen, Cathie Martin
Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi, or Chinese skullcap, has been widely used as a medicinal plant in China for thousands of years, where the preparation from its roots is called Huang-Qin. It has been applied in the treatment of diarrhea, dysentery, hypertension, hemorrhaging, insomnia, inflammation and respiratory infections. Flavones such as baicalin, wogonoside and their aglycones baicalein wogonin are the major bioactive compounds extracted from the root of S. baicalensis. These flavones have been reported to have various pharmacological functions, including anti-cancer, hepatoprotection, antibacterial and antiviral, antioxidant, anticonvulsant and neuroprotective effects...
2016: Science Bulletin
Minh Tam Truong, Qiang Zhang, David I Rosenthal, Marcie List, Rita Axelrod, Eric Sherman, Randal Weber, Phuc Felix Nguyen-Tân, Adel El-Naggar, André Konski, James Galvin, David Schwartz, Andy Trotti, Craig Silverman, Anurag Singh, Karen Godette, James A Bonner, Christopher U Jones, Adam S Garden, George Shenouda, Chance Matthiesen, Quynh-Thu Le, Deborah Bruner
PURPOSE: To analyze the quality of life (QOL) and performance status (PS) (secondary outcome) in patients with stage III to IV head and neck cancer (HNC) enrolled on a prospective randomized phase 3 trial comparing radiation-cisplatin without cetuximab (CIS) or with cetuximab (CET/CIS). The QOL hypothesis proposed a between-arm difference in Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Head and Neck (FACT-HN) total score of ≥10% of the instrument range from baseline to 1 year. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Patients who gave consent to the QOL/PS study completed the FACT-HN, Performance Status Scale for HNC (PSS-HN), and EuroQol (EQ-5D) at baseline through to 5 years...
August 12, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
T Fitamo, A Boldrin, G Dorini, K Boe, I Angelidaki, C Scheutz
Mathematical anaerobic bioconversion models are often used as a convenient way to simulate the conversion of organic materials to biogas. The aim of the study was to apply a mathematical model for simulating the anaerobic co-digestion of various types of urban organic waste, in order to develop strategies for controlling and optimising the co-digestion process. The model parameters were maintained in the same way as the original dynamic bioconversion model, albeit with minor adjustments, to simulate the co-digestion of food and garden waste with mixed sludge from a wastewater treatment plant in a continuously stirred tank reactor...
September 28, 2016: Water Research
Patrick Vollmar, Matthias Lubnow, Michaela Simon, Thomas Müller, Tobias Bergler, Philipp Alois, Bryan R Thoma, Sandra Essbauer
In Germany Puumala virus (PUUV), known to cause mild forms of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS), is the predominating endemic hantavirus. We herein describe an unusually severe case of a PUUV infection that occurred in summer 2015 in South Eastern Germany in a region known to be endemic for PUUV since over ten years. A 54-year-old female gardener was admitted to hospital with fever, cough and dyspnea. Within 48hours the patient developed a rapid progressive adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) with circulatory failure and required ECMO (extracorporeal membrane oxygenation) treatment...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
Luís Fernando Amato-Lourenco, Debora Jã A Lobo, Eliane T Guimarães, Tiana Carla Lopes Moreira, Regiani Carvalho-Oliveira, Mitiko Saiki, Paulo Hilário Nascimento Saldiva, Thais Mauad
Urban gardening is a growing global phenomenon with a positive impact on society. Despite several associated benefits, growing vegetables in urban gardens that are localized in highly polluted areas poses questions about the safety of the produced food. Therefore, the identification of risk factors that result in possible deleterious effects to human health is important for realizing all of the benefits to society. We evaluated the use of two biomonitoring methods in ten urban gardens of Sao Paulo city and one control site: the micronuclei frequencies for early tetrads of Tradescantia pallida (Rose) Hunt...
October 5, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Mohamed Yakub, Peter Tiffin
Urban environments are warmer, have higher levels of atmospheric CO2 , and altered patterns of disturbance and precipitation than nearby rural areas. These differences can be important for plant growth and are likely to create distinct selective environments. We planted a common garden experiment with seeds collected from natural populations of the native annual plant Lepidium virginicum, growing in five urban and nearby rural areas in the northern United States to determine whether and how urban populations differ from those from surrounding rural areas...
October 8, 2016: Global Change Biology
Christina Howitt, Soren Brage, Ian R Hambleton, Kate Westgate, T Alafia Samuels, Angela Mc Rose, Nigel Unwin
BACKGROUND: Current understanding of population physical activity (PA) levels and sedentary behaviour in developing countries is limited, and based primarily on self-report. We described PA levels using objective and self-report methods in a developing country population. METHODS: PA was assessed in a cross-sectional, representative sample of the population of Barbados (25-54 years), using a validated questionnaire (RPAQ) and individually calibrated combined heart rate and movement sensing monitors...
October 1, 2016: BMC Public Health
Heather Ohly, Sarah Gentry, Rachel Wigglesworth, Alison Bethel, Rebecca Lovell, Ruth Garside
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 5, 2016: BMC Public Health
Clara Bertel, Peter Schönswetter, Božo Frajman, Andreas Holzinger, Gilbert Neuner
Evolution is driven by natural selection, favouring individuals adapted in phenotypic traits to the environmental conditions at their growing site. To shed light on ecological and (epi-) genetically based differentiation between Heliosperma pusillum and Heliosperma veselskyi, two reciprocally non-monophyletic, but morphologically and ecologically divergent species from the south-eastern Alps, we studied various leaf anatomical traits and investigated chloroplast ultrastructure in leaves of the two species grown either in their natural habitat or in a common garden...
October 7, 2016: Protoplasma
José Luis Pall, María Del Carmen Coscarón
Insect studies for different regions are scarce as most of the material is collected in isolation, thus preventing extensive taxonomic listings. Conducting inventories of terrestrial biodiversity in a specific area is an arduous task, with many obstacles: mainly the lack of data on taxonomic and geographical distribution necessary to study them. The aim of this work is to present new contributions to the geographical distribution of Heteroptera in the Pampean, Espinal and Monte phytogeographic provinces, in the central region of Argentina, Southern Cone...
September 26, 2016: Zootaxa
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