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Pd solutions

Bérangère Godde, Abdelaziz Jouaiti, Audrey Fluck, Nathalie Kyritsakas, Matteo Mauro, Mir Wais Hosseini
The design and synthesis of a novel family of molecular turnstiles T1-T5 were achieved. All five turnstiles are based on a stator and a rotor covalently interconnected. While turnstiles T1-T2 are based on a symmetric stator equipped with two coordinating pyridyl units and a rotor bearing either a pyridyl or p-dimethylaminopyridyl coordinating moiety, the two non-symmetric turnstiles T4 and T5 are based on a stator bearing only a single pyridyl unit and the same rotor as T1 and T2 mentioned above. The switching between the open (T1-T5) and the closed (T-M) states of the turnstiles by metal cations (M = Ag(+) or Pd(2+)) was investigated in solution by using 1D and 2D NMR techniques...
October 18, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Naoko Okibe, Daisuke Nakayama, Takahiro Matsumoto
The acidophilic, Fe(III)-reducing heterotrophic bacteria Acidocella aromatica PFBC(T) and Acidiphilium cryptum SJH were utilized to produce palladium (Pd) bionanoparticles via a simple 1-step microbiological reaction. Monosaccharide (or intracellular NADH)-dependent reactions lead to visualization of intra/extra-cellular enzymatic Pd(0) nucleation. Formic acid-dependent reactions proceeded via the first slow Pd(0) nucleation phase and the following autocatalytic Pd(II) reduction phase regardless of the presence or viability of the cells...
October 12, 2017: Extremophiles: Life Under Extreme Conditions
Natália J S Costa, Lucas L R Vono, Robert Wojcieszak, Érico Teixiera-Neto, Karine Philippot, Liane M Rossi
Herein we report a one pot organometallic strategy to access alumina-embedded Pd nanoparticles. Unexpectedly, the decomposition of the organometallic complex tris(dibenzylideneacetone)dipalladium(0), Pd2(dba)3, by dihydrogen in the presence of aluminum isopropoxide, Al(iPrO)3, and without extra stabilizers, was found to be an efficient method to generate a Pd colloidal solution. Careful characterization studies revealed that the so-obtained Pd nanoparticles were stabilized by an aluminum isopropoxide tetramer and 1,5-diphenyl-pentan-3-one, which was produced after reduction of the dba ligand from the organometallic precursor...
October 11, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Peter W Zach, Stefan A Freunberger, Ingo Klimant, Sergey M Borisov
We report a family of Pt and Pd benzoporphyrin dyes with versatile photophysical properties and easy access from cheap and abundant chemicals. Attaching 4 or 8 alkylsulfone groups onto a meso-tetraphenyltetrabenzoporphyrin (TPTBP) macrocylcle renders the dyes highly soluble in organic solvents, photostable and electron-deficient with the redox potential raised up to 0.65 V versus the parent porphyrin. The new dyes intensively absorb in the blue (Soret band, 440-480 nm) and in the red (Q band, 620-650 nm) parts of the electromagnetic spectrum and show bright phosphorescence at room-temperature in the NIR with quantum yields up to 30% in solution...
October 10, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Xiaofu Sun, Qinggong Zhu, Jiayin Hu, Xinchen Kang, Jun Ma, Huizhen Liu, Buxing Han
We have proposed a strategy for the synthesis of N,N-dimethylanilines from nitrobenzene and its derivatives, CO2, and water via an electrochemical reaction under ambient conditions. H(+) generated from H2O was used as the hydrogen source. Pd/Co-N/carbon, in which the Pd nanoparticles were supported on Co-N/carbon, was designed and used as the electrocatalyst. It was found that the electrocatalyst was very efficient for the reaction in MeCN solution with 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide ([Bmim]Tf2N) as the supporting electrolyte and 1-amino-methylphosphonic acid (AMPA) as the thermal co-catalyst...
August 1, 2017: Chemical Science
Chieko Hamada, Hirotaka Nakamoto, Yusuke Suzuki
Peritoneal dialysis (PD) has been an attractive treatment for end-stage kidney disease. Long-term exposure to the PD solution creates functional and morphological alterations, and these alterations diminish the efficacy of PD. It is important to establish an evaluation of the changes in PD patients and strategies for the prevention of PD damage and encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS). We determined the relationship between clinical findings and macroscopic morphological findings by laparoscopy in patients receiving PD...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Artificial Organs: the Official Journal of the Japanese Society for Artificial Organs
Zheng Xi, Junrui Li, Dong Su, Michelle Muzzio, Chao Yu, Qing Li, Shouheng Sun
Stabilizing a 3d-transition metal component M from an MPd alloy structure in an acidic environment is key to the enhancement of MPd catalysis for various reactions. Here we demonstrate a strategy to stabilize Cu in 5 nm CuPd nanoparticles (NPs) by coupling the CuPd NPs with perovskite-type WO2.72 nanorods (NRs). The CuPd NPs are prepared by controlled diffusion of Cu into Pd NPs, and the coupled CuPd/WO2.72 are synthesized by growing WO2.72 NRs in the presence of CuPd NPs. The CuPd/WO2.72 can stabilize Cu in 0...
October 12, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Nasreen Samad, Stanley Fan
BACKGROUND: Patients on automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) may have greater exposure to glucose in the PD fluid than those on continuous ambulatory PD (CAPD). If this causes long-term damage to the peritoneal membrane, it will have implications for a patient's choice of modality. METHODS: Membrane function of long-term APD or CAPD patients was followed prospectively. The data were collected from electronic patient records in our unit from 2000 to 2014. The rate of change in membrane transport status (D/Pcr) and ultrafiltration (UF4) for each patient was calculated using the least square regression line equation...
September 28, 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
Desheng Sun, William A Brantley, Gerald S Frankel, Reza H Heshmati, William M Johnston
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Although palladium-silver alloys have been marketed for over 3 decades for metal-ceramic restorations, understanding of the corrosion behavior of current alloys is incomplete; this understanding is critical for evaluating biocompatibility and clinical performance. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to characterize the corrosion behavior of 3 representative Pd-Ag alloys in simulated body fluid and oral environments and to compare them with a high-noble Au-Pd alloy...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
Erin L Gawron, Steven M Hira, Mira Josowicz, Jiri Janata
In this study we determined the Pd(II) chlorocomplex species that has the most favorable interaction with an electropolymerized and protonated polyaniline (PANI) film. This study was completed with the intent to use this species to electrochemically build atomic palladium clusters in the PANI matrix. Varying amounts of NaCl were added to a K2PdCl4/HClO4 solution to result in three species studied: PdCl2(H2O)2, PdCl3(H2O)(-), and PdCl4(2-) . UV-Vis spectroscopy was used to confirm the speciation, and Raman spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and cyclic voltammograms were used to probe the interaction between the Pd species and PANI...
September 28, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
SuoYu Zhu, TianHong Zhang, ChengQing Yang, YanYan Wei, LiHua Xu, JunJie Wang, Annabelle Chow, XiaoHua Liu, KaiDa Jiang, ZePing Xiao, Hui Zhou, JiJun Wang
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the overlaps between the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual-5 (DSM-5) Personality Disorders (PDs) in a high-risk clinical population and to explore a transitional model for implementing DSM-5 PDs. METHOD: A sample population of 982 outpatients with at least one diagnosed PD was selected from 3,075 outpatients of the Shanghai Mental Health Center. The diagnostic process comprised of a personality diagnostic questionnaire and a structured clinical interview...
September 27, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Wei-Ling Jiang, Qi-Juan Fu, Bing-Jian Yao, Luo-Gang Ding, Cong-Xue Liu, Yu-Bin Dong
A Pd nano particle (NP)-loaded and nano metal-organic framework (NMOF)-based Pickering emulsifier is reported. The poly[2-(diethylamino)ethyl methacrylate)] (PDEAEMA) chains were grafted onto UiO-66-type NPs via a postsynthetic approach to generate PDEAEMA-g-UiO-66 NMOF (termed as MOF-3). The Pd NPs-loaded Pd@MOF-3 was synthesized via solution impregnation. Stable toluene-in-water Pickering emulsion was prepared with emulsifier Pd@MOF-3. Notably, the obtained Pd@MOF-3 is pH-responsive, and it is able to trigger the emulsification (at neutral condition) and demulsification (at acidic condition) of toluene droplets...
October 18, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Oluwaseun Egbelowo, Charis Harley, Byron Jacobs
We extend the nonstandard finite difference method of solution to the study of pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic models. Pharmacokinetic (PK) models are commonly used to predict drug concentrations that drive controlled intravenous (I.V.) transfers (or infusion and oral transfers) while pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic (PD) interaction models are used to provide predictions of drug concentrations affecting the response of these clinical drugs. We structure a nonstandard finite difference (NSFD) scheme for the relevant system of equations which models this pharamcokinetic process...
May 4, 2017: Bioengineering
Iuliia Romanenko, Louis Jaffeux, Laurent Veyre, Emmanuel Lacôte, Valérie Meille, Chloé Thieuleux
An Ir(NHC) supported catalyst is used in the selective hydrogenation of terpinen-4-ol to cis p-menthan-4-ol. Its activity, selectivity and stability are compared to those of a homogeneous homologue [IrCl(COD)MesImPr] and to a commercial Pd/C. The solid Ir catalyst is much more selective than the Pd catalyst (92 vs. 42% at 80°C) but also more active, more selective and more stable than the iridium complex in solution. For the first time, a supported catalyst shows an enhanced activity with respect to a complex in a diastereoselective hydrogenation reaction...
September 20, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
Yaqi Zhao, Lei Huang, Yucheng Chen
The adsorption characteristics of Arundo donax L.(AD) biochars for ammonium(NH4(+)-N) were investigated. Absorbents were characterized through scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy analyses. AD-500 and AD-800 were produced from raw AD and pyrolyzed from room temperature to 500 and 800 °C, respectively. PD-500 was prepared by impregnating AD with a mild alkali solution and pyrolyzing from room temperature to 500 °C. The feasibility of the use of AD-500, AD-800, and PD-500 removing NH4(+)-N from an aqueous solution was examined...
September 22, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Ji-Soo Jang, Shaopeng Qiao, Seon-Jin Choi, Gaurav Jha, Alana F Ogata, Won-Tae Koo, Dong-Ha Kim, Il-Doo Kim, Reginald M Penner
Pd based alloy materials with hollow nanostructures are ideal hydrogen (H2) sensor building blocks because of the ultra-high surface area afforded by this architecture. In this work, for the first time, we report a simple fabrication process for preparing hollow Pd-Ag alloy nanowires (Pd@Ag HNWs) by using the electrodeposition of lithographically patterned silver nanowires and followed galvanic replacement reaction (GRR) to form palladium. By controlling the GRR time of aligned Ag NWs within an aqueous Pd2+-containing solution, the compositional transition and morphological evolution from Ag NWs to Pd@Ag HNWs simultaneously occurred, and the relative atomic ratio between Pt and Ag was controlled...
September 22, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Guanzhang Li, Zheng Wang, Chuanbao Zhang, Xing Liu, Jinquan Cai, Zhiliang Wang, Huimin Hu, Fan Wu, Zhaoshi Bao, Yanwei Liu, Liang Zhao, Tingyu Liang, Fan Yang, Ruoyu Huang, Wei Zhang, Tao Jiang
Background: Researches on immunotherapy of glioma has been increasing exponentially in recent years. However, autoimmune-like side effects of current immune checkpoint blockade hindered the clinical application of immunotherapy in glioma. The discovery of the TIM-3, a tumor-specific immune checkpoint, has shed a new light on solution of this dilemma. We aimed at investigating the role of TIM-3 at transcriptome level and its relationship with clinical practice in glioma. Methods: A cohort of 325 glioma patients with RNA-seq data from Chinese Glioma Genome Atlas (CGGA project) was analyzed, and the results were well validated in TCGA RNA-seq data of 699 gliomas...
2017: Oncoimmunology
Rina Lourena da S Medeiros, Sidnei Oliveira Souza, Rennan Geovanny Oliveira Araújo, Djalma Ribeiro da Silva, Tatiane de A Maranhão
This paper describes a method development for chlorine determination through the formation of MgCl molecule, applied for the first time for Cl quantification, by high resolution continuum source graphite furnace molecular absorption spectrometry (HR-CS GF MAS) in environmental samples. Pyrolysis and vaporization temperatures were optimized as well as the use of chemical modifier. Determinations were carried out at the wavelength of 377.010 and the compromise conditions of the graphite furnace temperature program were 500°C and 2500°C for pyrolysis and vaporization, respectively, using 10µg of chemical modifier Pd...
January 1, 2018: Talanta
Wei Zhou, Wenpeng Zhang, Yikun Liu, Xinhong Yu, Zilin Chen
Capillary electrophoresis-mass spectrometry (CE-MS) is a hyphenated technique that combines the advantages like low sample consumption, high separation efficiency, short analytical time in CE and high sensitivity, powerful molecular structure elucidation in MS. Polyimide-coated fused silica capillary has become the most dominant capillary for CE, but it suffers from swelling and aminolysis of polyimide coating when treated with organic solvents and alkaline buffer in the CE-MS interface in which the polyimide coating at the end of the capillary is exposed to the solution, and this phenomenon can result in current instability, irregular electrospray and clogging at outlet after prolonged use...
September 22, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
Kirstie Lithgow, Christopher Symonds
A 73-year-old male on home peritoneal dialysis (PD) with recent diagnosis of atrial fibrillation presented with fatigue and dyspnea. Hyperthyroidism was diagnosed with TSH < 0.01 mIU/L and FT4 > 100 pmol/L. He had no personal or family history of thyroid disease. There had been no exposures to CT contrast, amiodarone, or iodine. Technetium thyroid scan showed diffusely decreased uptake. He was discharged with a presumptive diagnosis of thyroiditis. Three weeks later, he had deteriorated clinically...
2017: Case Reports in Endocrinology
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