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Pd solutions

Fei Zhou, Sheng Liu, Bernard D Santarsiero, Donald J Wink, Damien Boudinet, Antonio Facchetti, Tom G Driver
A series of N-heteroheptacenes was synthesized from ortho-thiophene-substituted aryl azides using a Rh2(II)-catalyzed C-H bond amination reaction to construct the thienoindole moieties. This reaction tolerated the presence of electron-donating or withdrawing groups on the aryl azide without adversely affecting the yield of the amination reaction. The central thiophene ring was created from two thienoindole pieces through a Pd-catalyzed Stille reaction to install the thioether followed by a Cu-mediated Ullman reaction to trigger the cyclization...
July 18, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
Mohamed A Salem, Eman A Bakr, Heba G El-Attar
Platinum/silver (Pt@Ag) and palladium/silver (Pd@Ag) core/shell NPs have been synthesized in two steps reaction using the citrate method. The progress of nanoparticle formation was followed by the UV/Vis spectroscopy. Transmission electron microscopy revealed spherical shaped core/shell nanoparticles with average particle diameter 32.17nm for Pt@Ag and 8.8nm for Pd@Ag. The core/shell NPs were further characterized by FT-IR and XRD. Reductive degradation of the Congo red dye was chosen to demonstrate the excellent catalytic activity of these core/shell nanostructures...
July 6, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Shu Zhang, Yunfei Tian, Hongling Yin, Yubin Su, Li Wu, Xiandeng Hou, Chengbin Zheng
Currently, no applicable analyzers are available to accomplish online and continuous monitoring of organic pollution, which is one of the most important factors contributing to water shortages around the world, particularly in developing countries. In this work, a sensitive, miniaturized, inexpensive, on-line and continuous non-purgeable organic carbon (NPOC) analysis system was developed for the continuous monitoring of such organic pollution. This system consists of a specially designed and high efficiency UV photo-oxidation vapor generation (HE-POVG) reactor and a miniaturized, low power (7 W) point discharge microplasma optical emission spectrometer (PD-OES)...
July 14, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
N Peres, S Morell-Dubois, E Hachulla, P Y Hatron, A Duhamel, D Godard, A S Tellart-Mamert, M Lambert, D Launay, S Fantoni-Quinton
Between 9000 and 14000 people have systemic sclerosis (ScS) in France. The work is often affected. Our study aims to assess the frequency of professional difficulties (DP) of scleroderma patients, identify these DP, the symptoms involved and the solutions used. A heteroquestionnaire was offered to scleroderma patients the Lille University Hospital. Data were cross-checked with the clinical database of the National Observatory of scleroderma patients. We used 104 questionnaires of which 84% are women. A total of 62...
July 10, 2017: La Revue de Médecine Interne
Vincenzo La Milia, Gianfranca Cabiddu, Giovanbattista Virga, Valerio Vizzardi, Anna Giuliani, Viviana Finato, Mariano Feriani, Armando Filippini, Loris Neri, Lucia Lisi
BACKGROUND: The original peritoneal equilibration test (PET) was used to classify peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients using a 2.27% glucose solution. It has since been suggested that a 3.86% glucose solution be used because this provides better information about ultrafiltration (UF) capacity and the sodium (Na) sieving of the peritoneal membrane. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine reference values for a PET using a 3.86% glucose solution (PET-3.86%)...
July 11, 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
Yan Feng, Hui Liu, Jun Yang
Owing to the serious crossover of methanol from the anode to the cathode through the polymer electrolyte membrane, direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs) usually use dilute methanol solutions as fuel. However, the use of high-concentration methanol is highly demanded to improve the energy density of a DMFC system. Instead of the conventional strategies (for example, improving the fuel-feed system, membrane development, modification of electrode, and water management), we demonstrate the use of selective electrocatalysts to run a DMFC at high concentrations of methanol...
June 2017: Science Advances
Cuilian Wen, Ying Wei, Dian Tang, Baisheng Sa, Teng Zhang, Changxin Chen
The tolerance of the electrode against the CO species absorbed upon the surface presents the biggest dilemma of the alcohol fuel cells. Here we report for the first time that the inclusion of (Zr, Ce)O2 solid solution as the supporting material can significantly improve the anti-CO-poisoning as well as the activity of Pd/C catalyst for ethylene glycol electro-oxidation in KOH medium. In particular, the physical origin of the improved electrocatalytic properties has been unraveled by first principle calculations...
July 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
Shengjie Wu, Mingjin Xie, Qin Zhang, Lijiang Zhong, Muhan Chen, Zhangjie Huang
Conventional separation methods are not suitable for recovering palladium present in low concentrations in ore leaching solutions. In this study, a novel isopentyl sulfide (S201)-impregnated α-MnO₂ nanorod adsorbent (BISIN) was prepared, characterized, and applied for the selective adsorption and separation of palladium from the leaching liquor of ores. Batch studies were carried out, and the main adsorption parameters were systematically investigated, in addition to the relevant thermodynamic parameters, isotherms, and kinetic models...
July 6, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Maaike L Smits, Dine J Feenstra, Dawn L Bales, Jasmijn de Vos, Zwaan Lucas, Roel Verheul, Patrick Luyten
BACKGROUND: The borderline personality disorder (BPD) population is notably heterogeneous, and this has potentially important implications for intervention. Identifying distinct subtypes of patients may represent a first step in identifying which treatments work best for which individuals. METHODS: A cluster-analysis on dimensional personality disorder (PD) features, as assessed with the SCID-II, was performed on a sample of carefully screened BPD patients (N = 187) referred for mentalization-based treatment...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
Hu Liu, Yongsheng Yu, Weiwei Yang, Wenjuan Lei, Manyi Gao, Shaojun Guo
Controlling the surface defects of nanocrystals is a new way of tuning/boosting their catalytic properties. Herein, we report networked PdAg nanowires (NWs) with high-density defects as catalytic hot spots for efficient catalytic dehydrogenation of formic acid (FA) and catalytic reduction of nitrates. The networked PdAg NWs exhibit composition-dependent catalytic activity for the dehydrogenation reaction of FA without any additive, with Pd5Ag5 NWs exhibiting the highest activity. They also show good durability, reflected by the retention of their initial activity during the dehydrogenation reaction of FA even after five cycles...
July 13, 2017: Nanoscale
Alferso C Abrahams, Maaike K van Gelder, Jan Willem van der Veer, Pim A de Jong, Maarten S van Leeuwen, Walther H Boer
BACKGROUND: Encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS) is the most severe complication of peritoneal dialysis (PD). Several retrospective reports published between 2007 and 2009 have suggested an increasing incidence of EPS occurring after kidney transplantation. We conducted a prospective observational study to determine the incidence of post-transplantation EPS and identify possible risk factors. METHODS: Consecutive PD patients undergoing kidney transplantation between 2009 and 2013 were included...
July 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
Charlotte E Grantham, Katherine L Hull, Matthew P M Graham-Brown, Daniel S March, James O Burton
Cardiovascular mortality in the end-stage renal disease (ESRD) population remains the leading cause of death. Targeting traditional cardiovascular risk factors has proven unsuccessful in this patient population, and therefore attention has turned to risk factors related to chronic kidney disease (CKD). The toxicity of high-glucose peritoneal dialysis (PD) solutions has been well documented. The breakdown of glucose into glucose degradation products (GDP) and advanced glycation end-products (AGE) has the ability to alter cell viability and cause premature apoptosis and is strongly correlated with interstitial fibrosis and microvascular sclerosis...
July 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
Periklis Dousdampanis, Carlos Guido Musso, Konstantina Trigka
The impact of icodextrin (ico) on peritoneal dialysis (PD) extension and patient survival is well established. Predominantly, ico-based solutions were prescribed in high-transporter PD patients. Advantages of the ico-based solutions include increased biocompatibility, avoidance of glucotoxicity, enhanced ultrafiltration failure (UF), sodium removal rates, better metabolic and blood pressure control. Bimodal solutions and twice daily exchanges of ico-based solutions are two newly introduced strategies to avoid glucose exposure and/or enhance UF in PD patients with UF failure...
July 3, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
Osman Arslan, Tamer Uyar
Fabrication and decoration of flexible Nylon 6,6 polymeric nanofibrous mats for production of multifunctional electrospun material was accomplished via visible light-emitting surface-protected silicon quantum dots (Si QD), ZnO nanoparticles (ZnO NP) and Pd nanocubes (Pd NC). UV-range light was utilized for Si QD production and, after hydrolysis/condensation together with nucleation and growth reactions, amine-modified, fluorescent Si QD were obtained. Additionally, available molecular groups on the Si QD coated onto the polymeric nanofibrous mats provided further attachment of metal oxide and metal NP for various catalytic purposes...
July 13, 2017: Nanoscale
Winfried Nischkauer, Andrei Izmer, Marie-Alexandra Neouze, Frank Vanhaecke, Andreas Limbeck
A combination of analyte pre-concentration using dispersed particle extraction (DPE) and dried-droplet laser ablation inductively coupled mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) was developed with the aim to quantify Pt and Pd in urban particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter ≤2.5 µm (PM2.5). The PM2.5 aerosol was collected on cellulose ester filters during a sampling period of three days, with sampling intervals of 4 h only. Each of the filters was chemically digested, and the resulting solution was pre-concentrated using DPE...
July 2017: Applied Spectroscopy
Felipe Simon, Pablo Tapia, Ricardo Armisen, Cesar Echeverria, Sebastian Gatica, Alejandro Vallejos, Alejandro Pacheco, Maria E Sanhueza, Miriam Alvo, Erico Segovia, Rubén Torres
Chronic peritoneal dialysis (PD) therapy is equally efficient as hemodialysis while providing greater patient comfort and mobility. Therefore, PD is the treatment of choice for several types of renal patients. During PD, a high-glucose hyperosmotic (HGH) solution is administered into the peritoneal cavity to generate an osmotic gradient that promotes water and solutes transport from peritoneal blood to the dialysis solution. Unfortunately, PD has been associated with a loss of peritoneal viability and function through the generation of a severe inflammatory state that induces human peritoneal mesothelial cell (HPMC) death...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
Shuo Zhang, Bei Jiang, Kun Jiang, Wen-Bin Cai
Steerable hydrogen generation from the hydrogen storage chemical formic acid via heterogeneous catalysis has attracted considerable interest given the safety and efficiency concerns in handling H2. Herein, a series of carbon-supported capping-agent-free Pd nanoparticles (NPs) with mean sizes tunable from 2.0 to 5.2 nm are developed due to the demand for more efficient dehydrogenation from a formic acid-formate solution of pH 3.5 at room temperature. The trick for the facile size-controlled synthesis of Pd/C catalysts is the selective addition of Na2CO3, NH3·H2O, or NaOH to a Pd(II) solution to attain initial pH values of 7-9...
July 11, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Vivian Chen, Hanqing Pan, Roxanne Jacobs, Shahab Derakhshan, Young-Seok Shon
The influence of graphene oxide supports and thiolate surface ligands on the catalytic activity of colloidal Pd nanoparticles for alkyne hydrogenation in water is investigated. The studies show that unsupported, water-soluble thiolate-capped Pd nanoparticle catalysts favor the semi-hydrogenation over full-hydrogenation of dimethyl acetylene dicarboxylate (DMAD) under the atmospheric pressure and at room temperature. Pd nanoparticles supported on graphene oxide exhibit a similar activity for the hydrogenation of DMAD, but they show an improved long-term colloidal stability in aqueous solution after multiple catalytic cycles...
January 7, 2017: New Journal of Chemistry, Nouveau Journal de Chimie
Gerhard Schertzinger, Sonja Zimmermann, Daniel Grabner, Bernd Sures
The aim of this study was to investigate chronic effects of the platinum-group elements (PGE) palladium (Pd), platinum (Pt) and rhodium (Rh) on the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. Aquatic toxicity testing was carried out according to ISO 10872 by determining 96 h EC50 values for sublethal endpoints, including growth, fertility and reproduction. Single PGE standard solutions were used as metal source. Based on the EC50 values for Pt, reproduction (96 h EC50 = 497 μg/L) was the most sensitive endpoint followed by fertility (96 h EC50 = 726 μg/L) and growth (96 h EC50 = 808 μg/L)...
June 20, 2017: Environmental Pollution
Guo-Xin Jin, Ying-Ying Zhang, Wen-Xi Gao, Yue-Jian Lin, Li-Wei Mi
Different types of multinuclear half-sandwich rhodium macrocycles and cages were designed and synthesized by using two similar multifunctional hydroxamate ligands (pyrazine-2-hydroxamic acid (NaHL1) and 4,4'-bipyridine-2-hydroxamic acid (KHL2)) featuring one monodentate site and two pairs of chelating sites. The Rh(III)-Pd(II) heterometallic macrocycles were constructed by using the semi-open palladium(II) source (Pd(en)Cl2) with two free acceptor sites. However, only one kind of macrocycle was found when the shorter ligand L1 was used, while in the larger case, various spectroscopic techniques demonstrated that the coexistence of the hexanuclear and octanuclear macrocyles in solution and the proportions of both components depended on concentration and temperature...
June 22, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
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