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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437155/eyelid-reconstruction-using-the-hughes-tarsoconjunctival-advancement-flap-long-term-outcomes-in-122-consecutive-cases-over-a-13-year-period
#1
James McKelvie, Reid Ferguson, Stephen G J Ng
This article evaluates the complications and long term functional and cosmetic outcomes of tarsoconjunctival advancement flaps for repairing a range of lower eyelid defects in a large cohort of consecutive cases. A retrospective series of 122 consecutive cases of eyelid reconstruction using tarsoconjunctival-advancement flaps was conducted at Waikato Hospital, or Hamilton Eye Clinic, New Zealand. All cases of lid reconstruction using tarsoconjunctival-advancement flaps between January 1, 2001 until April 3, 2014 were included for analysis...
April 24, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433518/efficacy-of-tranexamic-acid-on-side-effects-of-rhinoplasty-a%C3%A2-randomized-double-blind-study
#2
Mohammad Ali Ghavimi, Koroush Taheri Talesh, Arezoo Ghoreishizadeh, Mir Amir Chavoshzadeh, Ali Zarandi
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this randomized double-blind study was to evaluate the efficacy of Tranexamic acid (TXA) on intraoperative bleeding, postoperative eyelid edema, and postoperative periorbital ecchymosis in rhinoplasty. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty rhinoplasty patients who needed hump reduction and lateral osteotomy were included and then randomly assigned into two groups. In the intervention group (n = 30), 10 mg/kg of TXA was administered prior to the operation and in the control group, the patients were given 20 mL of normal saline...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432437/an-italian-multicentre-study-on-adult-atopic-dermatitis-persistent-versus-adult-onset-disease
#3
Matteo Megna, Cataldo Patruno, Anna Balato, Franco Rongioletti, Luca Stingeni, Nicola Balato
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic, recurrent, inflammatory skin disease which predominantly affects children. However, AD may persist until adulthood (persistent AD), or directly start in adults (adult-onset AD). AD often shows a non-flexural rash distribution, and atypical morphologic variants in adults and specific diagnostic criteria are lacking. Moreover, adult AD prevalence as well as detailed data which can characterize persistent vs adult-onset subtype are scant. The aim of this study was to investigate on the main features of adult AD particularly highlighting differences between persistent vs adult-onset form...
April 21, 2017: Archives of Dermatological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430707/subepidermal-calcinosis-in-the-ocular-adnexa-a-systematic-review
#4
Kay T Khine, Dallas S Shi, Ashlie Bernhisel, Kevin R Gertsch, Nick Mamalis, Bhupendra C K Patel, Jonathan J Dutton
PURPOSE: To review the clinical and histopathologic findings associated with subepidermal calcinosis of the eyelids. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature on subepidermal calcinosis of the eyelids was performed. Cases included were idiopathic in nature and met the histologic criteria for subepidermal calcinosis with calcium deposits in the dermis of the skin. RESULTS: Twenty-one publications presenting 53 cases of subepidermal calcinosis involving the eyelids were published between 1970 and 2016...
April 20, 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430323/povidone-iodine-3-minute-exposure-time-is-viable-in-preparation-for-cataract-surgery
#5
Chu Luan Nguyen, Lawrence J Oh, Eugene Wong, Ian C Francis
PURPOSE: Povidone-iodine (PI) is widely used to reduce the preoperative conjunctival bacterial load. This study aimed to evaluate the employment of PI 10% in an attempt to sterilize the ocular surface prior to cataract surgery, and to show that PI could be left in contact for 3 minutes. The viability of this exposure time in clinical practice, associated adverse events, and visual outcomes were documented. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, phacoemulsification cataract surgery was performed in 604 patients by a single surgeon...
April 7, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426893/diffuse-normolipemic-plane-xanthoma-on-striae
#6
C Baykal, Z Yılmaz, N Büyükbabani
Diffuse normolipemic plane xanthoma (DNPX) is a rare skin disorder characterized by the presence of symmetric, asymptomatic, flat, yellow plaques of different size.(1) As it is commonly located on the eyelids, xanthelesma may be a differential diagnostic consideration, but the lesions of DNPX are usually larger and other parts of the face, neck, flexural folds and trunk may also be involved.(1) This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
April 20, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425015/the-new-classification-of-seizures-by-the-international-league-against-epilepsy-2017
#7
REVIEW
Robert S Fisher
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review presents the newly developed International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) 2017 classification of seizure types. RECENT FINDINGS: The fundamental distinction is between seizures that begin focally in one hemisphere of the brain, generalized onset seizures that apparently originate in both hemispheres, and seizures of unknown onset. Focal seizures optionally can be subclassified according to whether awareness (a surrogate marker for consciousness) is intact or impaired...
June 2017: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420843/rosai-dorfman-disease-of-the-lung-overlapping-with-igg4-related-disease-the-difficulty-in-its-differential-diagnosis
#8
Mizue Hasegawa, Fumikazu Sakai, Asako Okabayashi, Hideki Katsura, Toshiko Kamata, Eitetsu Koh, Yasuo Sekine, Tamiko Takemura, Yukio Nakatani, Kenzo Hiroshima
We herein report a case of Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD) overlapping with IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD), which presented as diffuse interstitial lung disease with a perilymphatic pattern, followed by submandibular gland and eyelid swelling. The pathological findings of the submandibular gland biopsy specimen were indicative of IgG4-RD alone. We diagnosed the patient with RDD with overlapping IgG4-RD. However, the optimal method for differentiating between these two entities is still controversial. It is important that clinicians are aware that RDD should be included in the differential diagnoses of diffuse interstitial lung disease with a perilymphatic pattern and that RDD can overlap with IgG4-RD...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418947/sleep-induced-apraxia-of-eyelid-opening
#9
Sara N Reggie, John J Chen, Michael S Lee, Sophia M Chung
BACKGROUND: Apraxia of eyelid opening (AEO) primarily has been described as bilateral loss of volitional ability to open the eyes at certain times and often associated with neurodegenerative disease. Rarely, it can occur in isolation and as an idiopathic phenomenon. There are a few reports of unilateral AEO only on awakening from sleep. We report an additional 11 patients with this unusual variation of AEO. METHODS: Retrospective, observational case series of patients collected from 3 separate neuro-ophthalmology practices...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413552/trigeminocardiac-reflex-preceding-development-of-postoperative-superior-orbital-fissure-syndrome
#10
Rudrashish Haldar, Prakhar Gyanesh, Arun Srivastava, Guru Prasad Bettaswamy
The superior orbital fissure syndrome (SOFS) is a rare condition presenting as painful unilateral opthalmoplegia, ptosis, pupillary dilatation and anesthesia of the upper eyelid and forehead. It has been described after facial trauma. Other etiologies include infections, tumors or spontaneous hemorrhages in the retro-orbital space. Occurrence of SOFS after surgery in the skull base has not been described before. We recently encountered a case where a young female developed SOFS following surgery for cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea...
January 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410769/-granulomatous-periocular-eruption
#11
M Moncourier, P Pralong, N Pinel, I Templier, M-T Leccia
BACKGROUND: Herein, we report a case of atypical periorificial dermatitis in a patient that had been receiving treatment for some time for atopic dermatitis. The specific feature of this rash was its periocular predominance with no perioral involvement, its clinical aspect and its histological picture evocative of sarcoidosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A 33-year-old man was being treated for a atopic dermatitis limited to the face and poorly responsive to dermal corticosteroids...
April 11, 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410282/new-insights-into-the-lipid-layer-of-the-tear-film-and-meibomian-glands
#12
Reiko Arita, Shima Fukuoka, Naoyuki Morishige
Meibomian glands secrete lipids (meibum) that form the surface lipid layer of the tear film and thereby prevent excessive evaporation of tear fluid. Meibomian gland dysfunction is a major cause of evaporative dry eye, which is more prevalent than aqueous-deficient dry eye. Noninvasive meibography with infrared light and an infrared charge-coupled device camera can detect morphological changes of meibomian glands in both upper and lower eyelids, whereas tear interferometry allows qualitative and quantitative evaluations of the lipid layer of the tear film...
April 12, 2017: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407252/combined-endonasal-and-eyelid-approach-for-management-of-extensive-frontal-sinus-inverting-papilloma
#13
Monirah Albathi, Murugappan Ramanathan, Andrew P Lane, Kofi D O Boahene
OBJECTIVES: Sinonasal inverting papilloma (IP) is a benign but locally aggressive mucosal neoplasm with a high recurrence rate. Extension into the frontal sinus presents surgical challenges for endonasal resection. This study presents an orbitofrontal approach for managing extensive IP. STUDY DESIGN: Case series. METHODS: Four patients seen between 2012 and 2016 with biopsy-proven IP with lateral frontal sinus extension underwent a combined endonasal and transpalpebral approach for tumor resection...
April 13, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405487/giant-hidrocystoma-of-the-orbit-presenting-with-inversion-and-ptosis-of-the-upper-eyelid
#14
Melis Palamar, Banu Yaman, Taner Akalın, Ayşe Yağcı
A case of giant hidrocystoma of the orbit in a 57-year-old female causing pain, epiphora and ptosis is reported. The cystic mass was totally excised as a whole. Histopathologic examination revealed eccrine hidrocystoma of the orbit. Hidrocystoma must be considered in the differential diagnosis of patients presenting with periocular masses causing pain and ptosis.
April 2017: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405484/thyroid-associated-ophthalmopathy
#15
REVIEW
Esra Şahlı, Kaan Gündüz
Thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy is the most frequent extrathyroidal involvement of Graves' disease but it sometimes occurs in euthyroid or hypothyroid patients. Thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy is an autoimmune disorder, but its pathogenesis is not completely understood. Autoimmunity against putative antigens shared by the thyroid and the orbit plays a role in the pathogenesis of disease. There is an increased volume of extraocular muscles, orbital connective and adipose tissues. Clinical findings of thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy are soft tissue involvement, eyelid retraction, proptosis, compressive optic neuropathy, and restrictive myopathy...
April 2017: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403133/three-skin-zones-in-the-asian-upper-eyelid-pertaining-to-the-asian-blepharoplasty
#16
Yeop Choi, Hyun Gu Kang, Yong Seok Nam
BACKGROUND: Natural looking double fold is an essential and aesthetically pleasing masterpiece in Asian blepharoplasty. This study aims to emphasize the 3 skin zone concept in the Asian upper blepharoplasty. METHODS: The authors examined the anterior lamella of each skin zone microscopically by performing 31 double-eyelid surgeries and 11 infrabrow lifts. Characteristics of dermal components, subcutaneous tissue, and outer fascia of OOM (OFOOM) at each skin zone were documented...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401697/establishment-of-novel-therapy-to-reduce-progression-of-myopia-in-rats-with-experimental-myopia-by-fibroblast-transplantation-on-sclera
#17
Kosei Shinohara, Takeshi Yoshida, Hongding Liu, Shizuko Ichinose, Tomoka Ishida, Ken-Ichi Nakahama, Natsuko Nagaoka, Muka Moriyama, Ikuo Morita, Kyoko Ohno-Matsui
Myopia is one of the most common visual disorders, and is characterized by a progressive axial elongation of the eye. Several methods have been tried to reduce the progression of axial elongation and myopia, but there are still no well-accepted procedures. We hypothesized that transplantation of fibroblasts on the sclera would lead to the synthesis of collagen fibrils on the sclera and reinforce it, and reduce the degree of axial elongation of eyes with form deprivation myopia. To examine this, we developed a form deprivation myopia model in albino Wistar rats and examined the effects of human fibroblasts (hFbs) transplantation on the sclera in the progression of myopia and axial elongation...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400395/rapidly-enlarging-acquired-capillary-hemangioma-of-the-eyelid
#18
Amar Pujari, Mandeep S Bajaj, Shabeer Basheer, Karthika Bhaskaran
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 11, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399378/the-adult-and-immature-stages-of-the-new-species-of-the-genus-demodex-acariformes-demodecidae-with-data-on-parasitism-topography-and-topical-specificity-of-demodecid-mites-in-the-yellow-necked-mouse-apodemus-flavicollis-rodentia-muridae
#19
Joanna N Izdebska, Leszek Rolbiecki, Sławomira Fryderyk, Łukasz Mierzyński
Demodex mollis n. sp. is described from the yellow-necked mouse Apodemus flavicollis (Melchior, 1834) from Poland. It is a medium-sized demodecid mite (adult stages are on average 249 µm long) observed in the skin of the eyelid area. The new species is most similar to two other species occupying similar microhabitat in hosts of the same genus - Demodex lacrimalis Lukoschus and Jongman, 1974 from Apodemus sylvaticus Linnaeus, 1758 and Demodex huttereri Mertens, Lukoschus and Nutting, 1983 from Apodemus agrarius (Pallas, 1771), but differs by the following features: the terminal palpi are equipped with 3 spines, including 1 large claw-like and the second single; subgnathosomal setae (setae n) are situated on both sides of the anterior side of the pharyngeal bulb; claws on the leg tarsi are bifurcated and each equipped with large subterminal spur and proximal pointed projection; the opisthosoma is soft and flexible; and aedeagus in males have different shape and localization...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399341/lymphoproliferative-tumors-of-the-ocular-adnexa
#20
Robert M Verdijk
The ocular adnexa include the eyelids, conjunctiva, lacrimal apparatus, and orbital soft tissue. One percent of all lymphomas and approximately 8% of all extranodal lymphomas arise in the ocular adnexa and their incidence is increasing. Reactive lymphoid hyperplasia comprises 16% of all lymphoproliferative tumors of the ocular adnexa. The relative frequencies of ocular adnexal lymphoma presentation are in the orbit, 37%; conjunctiva, 29%; lacrimal apparatus, 20%; and eyelid, 14%. The most frequent primary lymphoma types of the ocular adnexa are extranodal marginal zone lymphoma, 62%; follicular lymphoma, 17%; and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, 10%...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
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