Read by QxMD icon Read


Yang Li, Zhen-Zhen Hu, Yong-Xing Du, Bing Chen, Jin-Huang Wang, Xian-Yue Quan, Da-Lie Liu
BACKGROUND: The creation of a superior palpebral crease has been the most popular plastic surgery procedure in Asians for several decades. The most important criterion for judging the success of this procedure is the achievement of the desired size and shape of this crease or the perfect crease width. However, the determinants of crease width remain unclear, which may account for the high rate of unsatisfactory results. METHODS: Standard images were used to study the anatomic parameters, including crease width, crease height, and upper eyelid movement distance (ULMD) at the midpupillary axis, of the inherent double eyelid crease in 32 Chinese women aged 19-26 years...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
Jordan V Chervenkoff, Saul N Rajak, Dinesh Selva, Garry Davis
This case report discusses the case of a 23-year-old male patient who experienced retrobulbar pain, diplopia, proptosis, and mild lower eyelid bruising after consuming 3,4-methylenedioxy-methamphetamine. The symptoms settled over 10 days and vision returned to normal without intervention. The authors discuss the differential diagnosis relevant to the presenting complaints and propose several mechanisms linking 3,4-methylenedioxy-methamphetamine use to spontaneous nontraumatic intraorbital hematoma.
October 20, 2016: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Réka Eördögh, Csaba Jakab, Renáta Papp, Alexander Tichy, Barbara Nell
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to examine the density and distribution of goblet cells (GCs) in the feline conjunctiva and to investigate a potential effect of age and sex on GC density (GCD). METHODS: Thirty-nine eyes of 21 cats euthanased for reasons unrelated to this study were used. Fixed upper and lower eyelid and bulbar conjunctiva were divided into nasal and temporal regions. The third eyelid was excised and investigated separately. Samples were embedded in paraffin wax; sections were stained with periodic acid-Schiff reaction and analysed with light microscopy...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Y Cui, B Li, T Chen, Y Zhao, D M Li
Objective: To study the clinical and pathological features and surgical outcome of eyelid/conjunctival amyloidosis. Methods: It was a retrospective case series study. The clinical and pathological records of 11 patients who were diagnosed as eyelid/conjunctival amyloidosis and had surgical treatment between February 2007 and October 2015 at Beijing Tongren Hospital were analyzed. Routine pathological examinations and Congo red staining were performed. All of the 11 patients received surgical treatment. Seven patients with ptosis underwent surgical excision and ptosis repair...
October 11, 2016: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
Y Zhao, H Zhao, J Y Lin, Y Pan, W J Zhai, Y C Wang
Objective: To analyze the clinical features and pathological classification of chlidren's ocular tumors. Methods: Retrospective case series study. Five hundred and four cases (506 eyes) of ocular tumor with biopsy-proven in children below 14 years old between January 2002 and December 2014 from Tianjin Eye Hospital were performed to retrospectively investigated the lesion location, clinical features and histopathologic classification of these lesions. Results: Of 504 cases there were 246 boys (248 eyes) and 258 girls (258 eyes) patients...
October 11, 2016: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
T Ma, R Weng, Y S Zheng, L J Xu, Q Sun
Objective: To investigate the effects of epicanthoplasty on the trichiasis caused by the entropion of lower eyelid with epicanthus. Methods: Epicanthoplasty was used to correct the trichiasis of lower eyelid with epicanthus from February 2010 to October 2015. Total of 72 patients were enrolled in this study, among whom 42 were male and 30 were female, and aged 8 to 58 years. Among those patients, 64 cases were found with bilateral trichiasis and 8 patients with unilateral trichiasis. And 3 cases received secondary operations for recurrence...
September 27, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Renfeng Xu, Huachun Wang, Feng Jiang, Chunyan Xue, Zhenping Huang, Arthur Bradley
PURPOSE: We hypothesize that the typically narrower palpebral apertures of East Asian eyes in combination with the narrowing of this aperture during down-gaze combine to reduce light levels and image contrast in the inferior retina during near work, thus creating peripheral deprivation in these eyes that could generate deprivation myopia in children culturally encouraged to perform near work. METHODS: We photographed the right eyes of 53 Chinese children during down-gaze (from 10 to 40 degrees) from the fixation point and the primary gaze position...
October 18, 2016: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
Michele Pascali, Anna Avantaggiato, Francesco Carinci
Two surgical procedures for ectropion correction are compared: the widespread "lateral tarsal strip" and the more recently introduced "tarsal belt" techniques. A retrospective interventional patient series of 40 patients with mono or bilateral ectropion are investigated.Distances of lower lid margin from interpupillary line before surgery and after 1, 6, 12, and 24 months in tarsal belt and lateral tarsal strip surgical procedure are compared. The postoperative distance is reduced in both the groups of patients, but as regard the tarsal belt the amount of correction is greater and more stable over time and this difference is statistically significant...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Aaron L Morgan, Roger Cason, Christian A El Amm
Craniofacial clefts are rare entities, with an incidence reported as 1.43 to 4.85 per 100,000 births. The Tessier number 3 cleft, the most medial of the oblique clefts, can manifest as clefting of the lip between the canine and lateral incisors, colobomas of the nasal ala and lower eyelid, and inferior displacement of the medial canthus-frequently disrupting the lacrimal system with extreme variability in expressivity (Eppley).Literature on cleft lip repair is extensive and has evolved to incorporate anthropometric techniques, based on identifiable landmarks and anthropometric measurements that are compared with contralateral unaffected anatomy or population means and tracked over time to assess impact on growth...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Bowen Gao, Qingxiong Yu, Feng Xie, Lingling Sheng, Xiyuan Mao, Qingfeng Li, Hainan Zhu
BACKGROUND: Conventional reconstructive methods fail to achieve satisfactory results in total eyelid defect cases. Vascularized composite tissue allotransplantation might provide both good appearance and function for these patients. The structure of the eyelid is exceptional because it simultaneously consists of skin, connective tissue, the striated muscle, fiber structure, aponeuroses, and mucosa. Thus, before clinical application of eyelid allotransplantation, more experiments are needed to clarify the impact of ischemia, immunal suppressive agents, and deinnervation effects on these sophisticated structures...
October 13, 2016: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Michel Guillon, Kathy Dumbleton, Panagiotis Theodoratos, Trisha Patel, Tom Karkkainen, Kurt Moody
INTRODUCTION: Contact lens wearers of Asian descent may be predisposed to experience microtrauma of the ocular surface as a result a thinner post-lens tear film and higher eyelid tension, and these effects would be anticipated to be most marked in an older population. The objective of this study was to quantify the mechanical effects of the study contact lenses on the ocular surface in a population of presbyopic contact lens wearers of Asian descent. METHODS: Twenty established presbyopic contact lens wearers (hydrogel n=5, none habitual wearers of etafilcon A lenses; silicone hydrogel n=15) of Asian descent were refitted with etafilcon A multifocal daily disposable contact lenses (1-DAY ACUVUE MOIST MULTIFOCAL) for a period of 1 month of daily lens wear...
October 13, 2016: Eye & Contact Lens
Yue Yin, Lan Gong
PURPOSE: To observe reversibility of meibomian gland (MG) dropout and analyze correlated factors and to compare the treatment efficiency with and without eyelid hygiene in patients with meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD). METHODS: Consecutive 78 eyes of 78 MGD (stage 2-3) patients who finished follow-up examination after 1-month of treatment were recruited in this retrospective study. All patients were treated with artificial lubricant and eyelid hygiene. Related ocular surface evaluation and meibomian gland assessment were examined...
October 14, 2016: Cornea
Michael J Murray, Heidi DeBlock, Brian Erstad, Anthony Gray, Judi Jacobi, Che Jordan, William McGee, Claire McManus, Maureen Meade, Sean Nix, Andrew Patterson, M Karen Sands, Richard Pino, Ann Tescher, Richard Arbour, Bram Rochwerg, Catherine Friederich Murray, Sangeeta Mehta
OBJECTIVE: To update the 2002 version of "Clinical practice guidelines for sustained neuromuscular blockade in the adult critically ill patient." DESIGN: A Task Force comprising 17 members of the Society of Critical Medicine with particular expertise in the use of neuromuscular-blocking agents; a Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation expert; and a medical writer met via teleconference and three face-to-face meetings and communicated via e-mail to examine the evidence and develop these practice guidelines...
November 2016: Critical Care Medicine
Amanda R Tarullo, Joseph R Isler, Carmen Condon, Kimon Violaris, Peter D Balsam, William P Fifer
Using an eyelid conditioning paradigm modeled after that developed by Little, Lipsitt, and Rovee-Collier (1984), Fifer et al. (2010) demonstrated that newborn infants learn during sleep. This study examined the role of sleep state in neonatal learning. We recorded electroencephalogram (EEG), respiratory, and cardiovascular activity from sleeping full term newborn infants during delay eyelid conditioning. In the experimental group (n = 21), a tone was paired with an air puff to the eye. Consistent with Fifer et al...
November 2016: Developmental Psychobiology
Soo Won Ko, Jong Seok Lee, Han Sung Choi, Young Gwan Ko, Hoon Pyo Hong
The use of high-pressure air instruments has become more common. Consequently, there have been a number of cases of orbital emphysema caused by contact with high-pressure air. In this case, a 62-year-old male patient visited an emergency medical center after his left eye was shot by an air compressor gun that was used to wash cars. Lacerations were observed in the upper and lower eyelids of his left eye. Radiological examinations revealed orbital emphysema, optic nerve transection, pneumocephalus, and subcutaneous emphysema in the face, neck, shoulder, and mediastinum...
September 2016: Clin Exp Emerg Med
Jun Hyuk Son, Joon Hyuk Choi, Su-Ho Lim
PURPOSE: To present a rare case of a conjunctival hypertrophic scar presenting as eyelid mass after surgical treatment of a chalazion. CASE PRESENTATION: A 74-year-old man visited our clinic with severe ocular discomfort and excessive lacrimation since several months in his left eye accompanied by itching of the upper eyelid. Examination of the anterior segment revealed a 6 mm (horizontal) × 8 mm (vertical) round, immobile, hard, mushroom-shaped protruding mass on the tarsal conjunctiva of his left eye...
2016: SpringerPlus
Zaria Ali, Bertie Fernando
Amyloidosis of the eyelid is uncommon and is typically associated with systemic associations. In contrast, amyloidosis of the conjunctiva is often localised with no other associations. We present a rare case of a 92-year-old gentleman with both cutaneous lid lesions and conjunctival amyloid with no systemic involvement. Biopsy demonstrated the hallmarks of amyloid and treatment has remained conservative. He remains at the department to be monitored for secondary glaucoma.
2016: Case Reports in Ophthalmological Medicine
Hai-Peng Liu, Yan-Ying Zhao, Bing Li, Jun Qi, Duo Zhang
BACKGROUND: Epicanthal folds and single eyelids are considered characteristic East Asian traits. This study describes a new approach to medial epicanthoplasty based on an orbicularis oculi muscle resection technique and reports the surgical outcomes in Chinese patients. METHODS: The study presents an uncontrolled retrospective case series review of 47 Chinese patients who underwent medial epicanthoplasty with double eyelid surgery from December 2010 to December 2014 by traditional medial epicanthoplasty (Group I, n = 23) or medial epicanthoplasty using the orbicularis oculi muscle resection technique (Group II, n = 24)...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
Franziska Vielmuth, Vera Rötzer, Eva Hartlieb, Christoph Hirneiß, Jens Waschke, Volker Spindler
Purpose: The autoimmune blistering skin disease pemphigus vulgaris (PV) is caused by autoantibodies against desmosomal adhesion molecules. Patients may suffer conjunctival involvement, yet the underlying mechanisms are largely unclear. We characterized human and murine conjunctiva with respect to the PV autoantigens, and evaluated the effects and mechanisms of PV autoantibodies applied to human conjunctiva ex vivo. Methods: We obtained human conjunctiva specimens from surgical explants and established a short-term culture model to study the alterations induced by antibody fractions of PV patients (PV-IgG)...
August 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Frederick A Jakobiec, Anna M Stagner, Natalie Homer, Michael K Yoon
PURPOSE: To further define the histopathologic features of breast carcinoma conducive to orbital metastasis. METHODS: Ten new female patients with orbital or eyelid breast cancer metastases encountered between 2011 and 2016 had their medical records reviewed for determining their clinical characteristics. Microscopic glass slides from biopsies and immunohistochemical test results were also analyzed. Biomarkers studied included cytokeratin 7, nuclear estrogen and progesterone receptors, HER2, and E-cadherin...
October 5, 2016: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"