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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944359/crestal-sinus-lift-using-an-implant-with-an-internal-l-shaped-channel-1-year-after-loading-results-from-a-prospective-cohort-study
#1
Marco Tallarico, David L Cochran, Erta Xhanari, Claudia Dellavia, Elena Canciani, Eitan Mijiritsky, Silvio Mario Meloni
PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical and radiographic outcomes of a one-stage crestal sinus elevation procedure using a self-tapping endosseous implant system (iRaise, Maxillent, Herzliya, Israel) developed for sinus augmentation, 1 year after loading. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients needing restoration in the posterior maxilla with a residual alveolar crest of 3 to 8 mm in height and 5 mm in width distal to the canine as measured on CBCT scan were treated using the iRaise sinus lift system...
2017: European Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943415/management-of-blood-blister-like-aneurysms-of-the-internal-carotid-artery-lessons-learned-from-direct-clipping-in-22-cases
#2
Zheng Liu, Shangming Zhang, Shousen Wang, Qizuan Chen
OBJECTIVE: To present a case series of blood blister-like aneurysms (BBAs) of the internal carotid artery (ICA) and an assessment of diagnosis and treatment options, attempting to identify surgical or endovascular management of BBAs with a low complication rate and a functional outcome. METHODS: A retrospective analysis including diagnosis and treatment options of BBAs of the ICA was performed of patients treated for BBAs at Fuzhou General Hospital from January 2008 to September 2016...
September 21, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943018/tear-lipid-supplement-prophylaxis-against-dry-eye-in-adverse-environments
#3
Akilesh Gokul, Michael T M Wang, Jennifer P Craig
PURPOSE: To compare the prophylactic efficacy of single application of lipid and non-lipid containing tear supplements, prior to exposure of symptomatic dry eye subjects to a simulated adverse environment. METHODS: Thirty subjects with mild-to-moderate dry eye symptoms participated in the prospective, randomised, double-masked, paired-eye trial. A lipomimetic drop (Systane(®) Balance) was applied to one eye (randomised), and a non-lipid containing drop (Systane(®) Ultra) applied simultaneously to the contralateral eye...
September 21, 2017: Contact Lens & Anterior Eye: the Journal of the British Contact Lens Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942685/arthroscopic-single-row-versus-double-row-suture-bridge-technique-for-rotator-cuff-tears-in-patients-younger-than-55-years-a-prospective-comparative-study
#4
Michael E Hantes, Yohei Ono, Vasilios A Raoulis, Nikolaos Doxariotis, Aaron Venouziou, Aristidis Zibis, Marianna Vlychou
BACKGROUND: When arthroscopic rotator cuff repair is performed on a young patient, long-lasting structural and functional tendon integrity is desired. A fixation technique that potentially provides superior tendon healing should be considered for the younger population to achieve long-term clinical success. Hypothesis/Purpose: The purpose was to compare the radiological and clinical midterm results between single-row and double-row (ie, suture bridge) fixation techniques for arthroscopic rotator cuff repair in patients younger than 55 years...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942657/return-to-play-and-outcomes-in-baseball-players-after-superior-labral-anterior-posterior-repairs
#5
Brad D Gilliam, Lonnie Douglas, Glenn S Fleisig, Kyle T Aune, Kylie A Mason, Jeffrey R Dugas, E Lyle Cain, Roger V Ostrander, James R Andrews
BACKGROUND: Few studies have documented the outcomes of superior labral anterior-posterior (SLAP) repairs in baseball players. Furthermore, the results of these previous studies varied widely and were based on small numbers of patients. Hypothesis/Purpose: The purpose was to report return-to-play (RTP) rates and validated subjective outcome scores for baseball players after SLAP repair. It was hypothesized that RTP rates and outcomes would be significantly different between pitchers and nonpitchers, as well as among baseball levels...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942510/limited-diagnostic-accuracy-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-clinical-tests-for-detecting-partial-thickness-tears-of-the-rotator-cuff
#6
Matthias Brockmeyer, Cornelia Schmitt, Alexander Haupert, Dieter Kohn, Olaf Lorbach
INTRODUCTION: The reliable diagnosis of partial-thickness tears of the rotator cuff is still elusive in clinical practise. Therefore, the purpose of the study was to determine the diagnostic accuracy of MR imaging and clinical tests for detecting partial-thickness tears of the rotator cuff as well as the combination of these parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 334 consecutive shoulder arthroscopies for rotator cuff pathologies performed during the time period between 2010 and 2012 were analyzed retrospectively for the findings of common clinical signs for rotator cuff lesions and preoperative MR imaging...
September 23, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942493/asymptomatic-corneal-keratopathy-secondary-to%C3%A2-hypertyrosinaemia-following-low-dose-nitisinone-and%C3%A2-a%C3%A2-literature-review-of-tyrosine-keratopathy-in%C3%A2-alkaptonuria
#7
M Khedr, S Judd, M C Briggs, A T Hughes, A M Milan, R M K Stewart, E A Lock, J A Gallagher, L R Ranganath
Nitisinone, although unapproved for use in alkaptonuria (AKU), is currently the only homogentisic acid lowering therapy with a potential to modify disease progression in AKU. Therefore, safe use of nitisinone off-label requires identifying and managing tyrosine keratopathy. A 22-year-old male with AKU commenced 2 mg daily nitisinone after full assessment. He was issued an alert card explaining potential ocular symptoms such as red eye, tearing, ocular pain and visual impairment and how to manage them. On his first and second annual follow-up visits to the National Alkaptonuria Centre (NAC), there was no corneal keratopathy on slit lamp examination...
September 24, 2017: JIMD Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942483/the-pathophysiology-of-the-trigeminal-autonomic-cephalalgias-with-clinical-implications
#8
REVIEW
Mads C J Barloese
The hallmark of primary headaches belonging to the group known as the trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias is unilateral headache accompanied by cranial autonomic symptoms. Being relatively rare and poorly understood, they represent a clinical challenge, leading to underdiagnosis and undertreatment. While the headache is the most obvious and disabling symptom, it is only part of a complex symptomatology which hints at the involved pathophysiological mechanisms. Activation of the trigeminal-autonomic reflex results in the aforementioned cranial autonomic symptoms, which are well understood; however, it is obvious that this brainstem reflex is regulated by higher centers that seemingly play a pivotal role in the attacks and the wide range of other symptoms indicating a homeostatic disturbance...
September 23, 2017: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942460/hip-arthroscopy-enables-classification-and-treatment-of-precollapse-subchondral-insufficiency-fracture-of-the-femoral-head-associated-intra-articular-pathology
#9
Soshi Uchida, Moriyuki Noguchi, Hajime Utsunomiya, Shiho Kanezaki, Toshiharu Mori, Dean K Matsuda, Akinori Sakai
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to investigate (1) the clinical, radiographic and arthroscopic presentation of patients with subchondral insufficiency fracture of the femoral head (SIFFH) and (2) the outcomes following arthroscopic treatment with internal fixation using hydroxyapatite poly-lactate acid (HA/PLLA) threaded pins and concomitant arthroscopic treatment of associated findings. METHODS: Nine patients (median age 49.0 years, range 43-65, five female and four male patients) with SIFFH who underwent arthroscopic treatment with labral repair, capsular closure and internal fixation of SIFFH using HA/PLLA pins were retrospectively reviewed...
September 23, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942415/confusion-and-abdominal-symptoms-following-a-rugby-tackle
#10
Demetris Ioannides, Madeleine Davies, Stefan Kluzek
A 19-year-old man was sent to the emergency department following a pitch-side assessment for suspected concussion, unexplained upper abdominal tenderness and vomiting, following a high-impact tackle during a rugby match. A Focussed Assessment with Sonography for Trauma (FAST) scan performed in the emergency department suggested intra-abdominal free fluid, and subsequent head and abdominal CT imaging showed no intracranial lesion but confirmed a significant haemoperitoneum due to large splenic tear and bleeding...
September 23, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941974/management-of-ulnar-collateral-ligament-injury-in-throwing-athletes-a-survey-of-the-american-shoulder-and-elbow-surgeons
#11
Daniel J Hurwit, Grant H Garcia, Joseph Liu, David W Altchek, Anthony Romeo, Joshua Dines
BACKGROUND: Amid evidence that the number of ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) reconstructions performed annually is on the rise, there continues to be significant variation among surgeons in the management of UCL injuries. The purpose of this paper was to survey the members of the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) to assess current trends related to the comprehensive treatment of athletes presenting with UCL injury. METHODS: An online survey was distributed to the active members of the ASES...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941556/subgaleal-hematoma-at-the-contralateral-side-of-scalp-trauma-in-an-adult
#12
Ching-En Chen, Zen-Zhon Liao, Yen-Heng Lee, Cheng-Chieh Liu, Chi-Kao Tang, Yi-Rong Chen
BACKGROUND: Subgaleal hematoma (SGH), an abnormal accumulation of blood under the galeal aponeurosis of the scalp, is more commonly observed in newborns and children. According to previous cases, the etiology of SGH includes mild head trauma, vacuum-assisted vaginal delivery, contusion, and hair braiding or pulling. CASE REPORT: A 39-year-old healthy worker came to our emergency department (ED) due to scalp lacerations from an accident that caused severe twisting of his hair...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940714/tear-drop-free-anterolateral-thigh-flap-a-versatile-design-for-lower-limb-reconstruction-after-trauma
#13
Sergio Razzano, Samir Ramadan, Andrea Figus, Richard M Haywood
BACKGROUND: In lower limb reconstruction the cosmetic outcome is influenced by the contouring of the flap at the recipient site as well as by the donor site closure. It is also important to minimise compression of the flap pedicle. We discuss the outcomes of a versatile ALT flap design that allows freedom in skin paddle tailoring without elongating the scar, reduction of the tension over the pedicle and improved cosmetic results of both donor and recipient sites. METHODS: Between January 2009 and October 2015, 27 patients underwent reconstruction using tear drop ALTs...
September 21, 2017: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940531/tear-film-evaluation-and-management-in-soft-contact-lens-wear-a-systematic-approach
#14
REVIEW
Laura E Downie, Jennifer P Craig
The human tear film is a highly ordered structure consisting of a thin layer of lipid on the surface and a thicker aqueous-mucin phase, which increases in mucin concentration toward the corneal epithelial cell layer. The health of the tear film and ocular surface influences the likelihood of being able to achieve successful contact lens wear. Contact lens discomfort and dryness are the most frequent reasons why contact lens wearers experience reduced wearing times, which can eventually lead to contact lens discontinuation...
September 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940146/dry-eye-evaluation-and-correlation-analysis-between-tear-film-stability-and-corneal-surface-regularity-after-small-incision-lenticule-extraction
#15
Hui Zhang, Yan Wang
PURPOSE: To investigate the dry eye after small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) and explore the correlations between changes in the tear film stability, the tear secretion and the corneal surface regularity. METHODS: Sixty-two eyes of 22 men and 13 women who underwent SMILE were included in this study. Corneal topography was measured to assess the index of surface variance (ISV) and the index of vertical asymmetry (IVA). Dry eye tests including subjective symptom questionnaire, tear breakup time (TBUT), corneal fluorescein staining and Schirmer's test (ST) were evaluated before and at 1 and 6 months postoperatively...
September 22, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939333/variants-of-latissimus-dorsi-with-a-perspective-on-tendon-transfer-surgery-an-anatomic-study
#16
Anu V Ranade, Rajalakshmi Rai, Ashwin R Rai, Prameela M Dass, Mangala M Pai, Rajanigandha Vadgaonkar
BACKGROUND: The latissimus dorsi (LD) is often used for tendon transfers to treat massive irreparable posterosuperior rotator cuff tears. The operation requires the LD tendon to be mobilized to reduce tension on the tendon. In that respect, any connection between the LD tendon and contiguous muscles may hamper tendon mobility and affect the surgical outcome. The goal of this study was to document the occurrence of connections between the LD and adjacent muscles and nerves. METHODS: We studied the scapular region on 48 embalmed cadavers...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939274/functional-and-sports-specific-outcome-after-surgical-repair-of-rotator-cuff-tears-in-rock-climbers
#17
Michael Simon, Dominik Popp, Christoph Lutter, Volker Schöffl
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to analyze the general (Constant Murley score) and sports-specific (change in International Climbing and Mountaineering Federation [UIAA] grade) outcome after surgical repair of rotator cuff injuries in rock climbers. METHODS: In a retrospective study, 12 rock climbers (10 men, 2 women; age 55 years; SD±9; range 28-66 years [mean±SD with range] with rotator cuff lesions were re-evaluated 27±16 (12-72) months after arthroscopic surgical repair of the rotator cuff of the shoulder...
September 19, 2017: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939265/exploring-the-links-between-contact-lens-comfort-osmolarity-and-lid-wiper-staining
#18
Ulrike Stahl, Isabelle Jalbert
PURPOSE: Contact lens discomfort remains poorly understood, not least due to lack of associations between clinical signs and symptoms. This study aimed to explore the relationships between osmolarity, comfort and lid wiper epitheliopathy in contact lens wear. METHODS: Twenty subjects participated in a randomized, cross-over study where comfilcon A and lotrafilcon A lenses were each worn for 10days separated by a 7days washout period. Tear and contact lens osmolarity, ocular symptoms including comfort, tear stability and production, and lid wiper epitheliopathy were measured...
September 19, 2017: Contact Lens & Anterior Eye: the Journal of the British Contact Lens Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939264/the-effects-of-a-hydrating-mask-compared-to-traditional-warm-compresses-on-tear-film-properties-in-meibomian-gland-dysfunction
#19
Jacqueline Tan, Lily Ho, Katherine Wong, Alma La, Sylbi Lee, Sarah Park, Larissa Tran, Fiona Stapleton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 19, 2017: Contact Lens & Anterior Eye: the Journal of the British Contact Lens Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939118/dry-eye-disease-in-the-elderly-in-a-french-population-based-study-the-montrachet-study-maculopathy-optic-nerve-nutrition-neurovascular-and-heart-diseases-prevalence-and-associated-factors
#20
Arthur Ferrero, Seydou Alassane, Christine Binquet, Lionel Bretillon, Niyazi Acar, Louis Arnould, Aurore Muselier-Mathieu, Cécile Delcourt, Alain M Bron, Catherine Creuzot-Garcher
PURPOSE: To estimate the prevalence of dry eye disease (DED) in the elderly and to describe systemic and ocular factors associated with DED in a population-based study, the Montrachet (Maculopathy Optic Nerve nuTRition neurovAsCular and HEarT diseases) study. METHODS: Dry eye symptoms were evaluated using the Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI) questionnaire. A self-reported history of dry eye symptoms and artificial tear use were also recorded. Every participant underwent an ophthalmic evaluation, which included the Schirmer test without anesthesia (Schirmer I), tear film breakup time (TFBUT) measurement, and fluorescein corneal staining evaluation...
September 19, 2017: Ocular Surface
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